Lest we repent for not playing the role at the turn of the history

(This article was posted for the first time on May 28, 2014 – By: Parmanand Pandey (General Secretary, Indian People’s Congress)

The country is standing at a cross road or the turning point of history.

The situation prevailing as on today can be compared to the days of freedom struggle, which was being led by Mahatma Gandhi. Those who did not participate during the freedom struggle and remained indifferent to the historic movement had to repent later for their indifference after the country got independence in 1947. They sulked with remorse that as to why they not actively participated for a cause, which could have immortalized them. Even if they did not have the due recognition from the society, at least they could have got the mental satisfaction of having contributed to the nation in their own way. Moreover, those who took the sides of the Britishers were full of guilt after the freedom of the country. They have been forgiven neither by the society nor by their own soul.

Almost the same and the similar situation have obtained today all over the country. The public is suffering from multitudinous problems like; poverty unemployment, back breaking inflation and illiteracy. Those who are corrupt; they are rolling in all comforts by making unaccounted money and plundering the country without any let or hindrance. They are engaging themselves in all sorts of activities that are detrimental to the society.

      On the other hand, those who have the limited resources and leading the honest life have to undergo the untold sufferings and miseries. That is why; the need of the hour is that all right meaning and conscientious persons should rise to the occasion to help contribute the country to move in the right direction.

      This is the period of elections for the Lok Sabha. In two months time the country will get a new government. There are number of people who are aspiring to become the Prime Minister of the country. In all likelihood, two persons can make it to the top. One is Narendra Modi, a strong contender and the other is Rahul Gandhi, a feeble fighter. We have already seen that under the regime of the Congress Party the country has gone bad to worse. Rahul Gandi and his Congress Party has been solely responsible for the mess under which this country has been sunk in. There is, thus, hardly any hope left in him or in his party.

     The only hope, therefore, is in Narendra Modi who has the proven record of being a strong, visionary and development-oriented leader. His records of accomplishment as the Chief Minister of the Gujarat are the proof of his caliber, ideas and determinations.

This is the time that a person of his standing must be given the opportunity to be at the helms of affairs of the country. There is the current blowing across the country in his favour but the forces which are hostile to the progress of the country do not want the stability to come in the country. That is why; they are making all out efforts to stop the juggernaut of Narendra Modi. Many leaders have been propped-up by the anti-national forces to damage the chance of Narendra Modi.

Every body must have to be on the guard to identify and expose such persons. Some are working to harm Modi at the behest of enemy countries. Mr. Arvind Kejiriwal certainly appears to be one of them. Mayawati and Mulaym Singh have no interest in the nation building. Both are self-seekers. Other smaller parties have very narrow vision for the progress of the country. They are confined only to their own regions like those of Jayalalitha, Karunanidhi, Navin Patnaik or Thackerays of Maharashtra. Nothing much can be expected from them.

Be that as it may, the time has come to extend whole hearted and all possible supports to install Narendra Modi as the Prime Minister of India for the sake of the strong, stable and development and forward looking India.

Let us hope that people will understand the issues in proper perspective to play a decisive role at this crucial and the turning point of the history of India.

Unsung Heroes: Bimal Prasad Jain

We Indians are free today. There are Prime Ministers, Ministers, Chief Justices, Judges, Chief Ministers, IAS officers and other endless persons holding power today. We all owe a debt to all those who fought the British for the freedom of this country and by making great sacrifices with their lives made it possible for these persons to live in free India and hold such powers today.

These sacrifices were made by them voluntarily out of their love for their mother land. While these true sons and daughters of mother India suffered great agonies at the hands of the enemies of their country, a large number of make-believe political leaders – who took reins of the free India in their hands as Prime Ministers, Chief Ministers etc. – were enjoying their life in cosy jails or in palaces with full sympathy of the British rulers.

We have a long, really a very long, list of such make-believe official ‘Freedom Fighters’ and the make-belive ‘heroes’ of this freedom struggle; but there is no mention of those who sacrificed their comforts and life for this country. In this regard, the Indian history needs to be corrected and the real and the fake freedom fighters need to be put in the places in Indian history where they actually belong.

We must be sensible to understand one thing: the British people were at that time of the history, as they are today, very pragmatic people. They had the means, the weapons, and they had the strength, the British Army, to foil any non-violent attempt to liberate India and thus deprive them “the Jewel of their Empire”. They were pragmatic and knew fully well that Indian revolutionaries like Chandra Shekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Surya Sen, Aurobindo Ghosh, Batukeshwar Dutt, Subhash Chandra Bose and countless others of the same elk had mesmerizing effect on the Indian people’s psyche; that if they were not pragmatic enough to hand over soon enough after the WW 2  the rein of India to those who advocated non-violence and worked for the amicable settlement of the question of Indian independence, Indian people would rise in the foot-steps of these belligerent and ferocious revolutionaries. The imperialists were pragmatic and decided in their best interest to disband their empire in India and hand over its reins to the votaries of amicable settlement of the issue of Indian independence.

We all owe a debt to these revolutionaries. At the least that we can do to them is to remember them and cherish their heroic deeds. We are narrating here the life story of one such revolutionary. His name is Bimal Persad Jain.

Bhimal Persad Jain (also spelled Bimal Persad Jain in the Proceedings of Delhi Conspiracy Commission) was one of many prominent revolutionaries close to Chandra Shekhar Azad, the Commander-in-Chief of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA).  He was arrested by the British police for participating in the blowing up the train of Lord Irwin, which was allegedly done by the accused persons / revolutionaries in a conspiracy to overthrow the British government by the use of violent / revolutionary means. He was one of the accused persons put on trial before the Delhi Conspiracy Commission.

Persons who had appeared as accused on the very first day of the opening of the trial before the Commission on 31st day of May, 1931 were: N. K. Nigam; B. R. Gupta; Rudra Dutt Mishra; Bhagirath Lal; Hardwari Lal Gupta; K. R. Gupta; Harkesh Singh; Gajanand Potdar; Kapur Chand. This Commission was manned by L. S. White, President; Kanwar Sain, Member; and Amir Ali, Member. The name of the lawyer who was appearing for the British government was Zaffarullah Khan, Bar-at-Law, along with Khan Sahib Mohamed Amin and Sardar Bhag Singh, Court Inspector. The names of the lawyers who appeared for the accused persons from time to time were: Asaf Ali, Bar-at-Law along with B. Banerji, Ansari, Baljit Singh, Bose. The evidence given before the Commission disclosed that the accused persons, along with many other revolutionaries who were not accused before the Commission (who were later on arrested, tortured and put in prisons), were running a bomb factory in the name of ‘Himalayan Toilets’ ( a smokescreen to hide the real work of bomb-making) at Qutub Road, Delhi.  It was found by evidence that not only Bimal Prashad Jain but also his wife Smt. Roopvati Jain, their co-revolutionaries Ageya, Durga Bhabhi, Bhagwati Charan Vohra, Yashpal and many more persons were working to manufacture ingredients for making bombs, like Picric Acid, nitroglycerine and fulminate of Mercury. After the Delhi Conspiracy Commission was disbanded, Bimal Prasad was put on separate trial, convicted and sentenced to seven and half years’ rigorous imprisonment for his revolutionary activities.

Bimal Prasad had arranged entry-passes for Bhagat Singh to enable him and his co-revolutionaries to enter the assembly where they threw bombs, a symbolic gesture which they famously said was ‘to open the ears of the deaf British’. After the blast, Bimal Prasad handed over a press release to Hindustan Times newspaper about the necessity of blasting the bombs by the revolutionaries and before the newspaper staff could comprehend the contents of this press release he ran away from the newspaper office.

Bimal Prasad Jain was of the view that it was Yashpal (who later became a communist) who was responsible for the death of Bhagwati Charan Vohra, which he thought was done by Yashpal by sabotaging a bomb that was being tested by Bhagwati Charan Vohra. The reason for this suspecian was that Yashpal was having an improper relations with the wife of Bhagwati Charan Vohra. (later on, Yaspal married the widow of Bhagwati Charan Vohra). In HSRA the character of a revolutionary was considered of the highest value and particularly it was so in the matter of sex. This matter of the crime of sexual overtures of Yashpal towards the wife of another revolutionary was discussed under the leadership of Chandra Shekhar Azad in the Qudsia Bagh. It was decided in the meeting that Yashpal be punished by shooting and killing him. But by then, Yashpal had left Delhi for Lahore, which was his native place of influence. A team of revolutionaries was sent to chase him in Lahore and kill him. On reaching Lahore, Yaspal spread a word among his followers there that the decision to kill him was taken without hearing him. Due to this strategy adopted by him, there was a dissention among revolutionaries and he could not be killed as the party had decided. In saving the life of Yashpal there was some help from Kailashpati, who had not given permission to shoot Yashpal. The team that was assigned the task to shoot Yashpal had a number of persons (perhaps including Bimal Prasad Jain). Kailashpati  later had become an approver for the British State and had disclosed the names of revolutionaries of HSRA.

A biography of Bimal (or Vimal) Prasad Jain was written by his wife Smt. Roopvati Jain, which was released by the then President of India Dr Shankar Dayal Sharma. This book includes in its contents the revolutionary ideology of HSRA, which was declared by the organization in the pamphlet titled ‘The Philosophy of the Bomb’ distributed just after the blowing-up of the Vice Roy’s train in Delhi.

Bimal Prasad would have been hanged for being involved in the revolutionary activities but for a Valmiki lady named Asharfi Devi who refused to give details to the British police about the contents of the waste-materials coming out of the Bomb Factory, which details she refused to give to the police when she was told by some revolutionaries that if she told the truth to the police many of the youngsters working in the bomb factory would be convicted and hanged.

When this revolutionary’s real story was told to the former Delhi Chief Minister Sahib Singh Verma, he opened a school on Qutub Road in the name of ‘Asharfi Devi’.


Subhash Chandra Bose: Stalin informed of his popularity (after his alleged air crash)!

By: Shreepal Singh

If Mahatma Gandhi is the Father of Nation for India, Subhash Chandra Bose is the True Son of Mother India. India as a nation has not reconciled in her inmost being with herself in the matter of Subhash Chandra Bose. Sooner or later, the history needs to be straightened in this regard. A needs to be called A and B needs to be called B, whatever be the consequences for this correction. Why it is so?

Subhash Chandra Bose is to India what George Washington is to the USA, what Mao Tse Tung is to modern China and Lenin is to erstwhile USSR.  In public psyche Subhash Chandra Bose is so great that he is often pitted even against Mahatma Gandhi in greatness and Jawahar Lal Nehru nowhere compares with him in leadership quality, courage and patriotism.

If the Indian government officially approaches Russia to open KGB files on him and it comes out there that Bose was alive and in the USSR in 1946, much after his professed air crash in August 1945 in Taipei (Formosa), it will raise public demand to know how the British Indian government in 1946, and thereafter the leadership of free India after the independence, dealt with the issue of the life and security of India’s greatest son in the USSR.

It is almost certain that the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, who was then a part of the Allied  Forces, in the Second World War and a friend of Britain must have corresponded with the British in Delhi. Also, the Indian government after the independence had cordial relations with the USSR and Stalin’s government must have entered into correspondence with the Indian government.

The Hindustan Times, a well known Indian newspaper, had published on . …. very valuable material on this aspect of Subhas Chandra Bose whereabouts. It photoprinted a letter from Soviet ambassador in Afghanistan to his government in Moscow. It was a reply to the query made by Joseph Stalin asking the ambassader to find out how much popular was Subhash Chandra Bose in India – and what would the political position he happens to come to India. This query was made much after the alleged death of Bose in air crash. This entire material was quickly thereafter was deleted by the Hindustan Times from its website. Fortunately, the author here had taken a printout of that material and would try to find out and post the same on this website.

This information has been added long after the original article was posted:

The new technology – Information Technology – has made it possible for common men to share information that come their way. Here is the new information in the following video “Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose in Faizabad”. After viewing this video and additionally taking these news (made available recently by newspapers) into account, the only question before this country remains: How did Subhash Chandra Bose spend his remaining life after he escaped alive by creating a false airplane-crash smokescreen? The news recently published in newspapers was:

  1. In reply to the Right To Information application of an RTI activist Subhash Aggarwal demanding to provide him information of the contents of “Three Confidential Files on Subhash Chandra Bose” maintained by the Government of India, the Government refused to provide the requested information on the ground that “making the requested information public would affect the Indian relations with foreign powers adversely.”
  2. The report of “Justice Mukherji Inquiry Commission on Subhash Chandra Bose” has concluded, after going into the most minute details of the evidence available in India, Japan, Formosa and Russia, that Bose did not die in the touted airplane crash on August 19, 1945.

The only questions that now remain to be answered by the concerned authorities – Indian and foreign – are as under:

  1.  By all accounts, Bose was kept in custody by Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union after he entered into that country after creating a smoke screen of airplane crash to avoid detection by the British Government. Bose opposed Adolph Hitler’s plan to invade Soviet Union by saying to the Führer that “It is an aggression on Soviet Union.” This information is on historical records (Refer to the chapter on Bose in the book “A good German by Giles MacDonough; also see reviews of this book by many knowledgeable and eminent historians, which all are available on the net). It is also on historical record that Bose after escaping from the British confinement in India via Kabul (Afghanistan) had first landed in the Soviet Union. During his short stay / stopover of a few hours in the Soviet Union, Bose had been able to put before the Soviet leader Stalin his idea/proposal to fight the British power in India with the support of the Soviet Union. Stalin did not approve the idea (may be, considering Bose not sufficiently equipped to take on the task; or, for strategic reasons – in an ongoing WW II – did not consider it fit to antagonize the British). Stalin not only allowed Bose to fly out of the Soviet Union, he permitted the refueling of his plane to fly out to Berlin (Germany). This was only for these cordial overtures between Stalin and Bose during the initial phase of the World War that when he had to escape from the British forces and enter the Soviet Union Bose was not killed by Stalin. He was allowed to live. The question ‘how Bose should be treated’ must have a great dilemma to Stalin. One the one hand, Stalin knew that Bose was a very popular political leader in India (it is on record that Stalin directed his ambassador to Afghanistan – in 1949, much after the alleged airplane crash – to gather the intelligence about the state of Bose’s popularity among Indian people and the ambassador sent his report to Stalin informing that Bose is greatly popular leader among Indians; that he would certainly replace (Jawahar Lal) Nehru in the Indian Government; that in view of the his popularity, Nehru had to induct in his Government Bose’s kinsman as a Government Minister); that Bose was a sworn enemy of the British – the British who were in the heart of hearts Stalin’s enemy also but apparently  were the part of Allied Forces and hence friend of the Soviet Union; that by allowing Bose to go to India, the Soviet Union would be antagonizing not only the British – who were after the blood of Bose – but also the Indian leaders who were ruling. On the other hand, to Stalin Bose was a person who was on the side of Adolph Hitler. Bose was an enemy to Stalin because of the circumstances and Stalin knew it very well, and for that reason alone did not kill him.
  2. By all accounts it seems reasonable that Bose was kept in confinement by Stalin (may be somewhere in Siberia), weighing all along how to deal with him. The questions before Stalin must have been: How the release of Bose would affect the Soviet Union’s relations with post-independence India and the post-war Britain. As the conduct of Stalin as a dictator exhibited in the Soviet occupation of Berlin (till he lived) and in his dealings with the Western powers after WW II would show, he (Stalin) was little wary of the British, if at all. However, it is also on record that free India was under an obligation to the British to hand-over Bose to them if ever he was found alive. To the British, Bose was a war criminal and, if captured, he was to be tried for the offence (as other accused belonging to the Azad Hind Fauz were tried by them). It is also known to everyone that India got freedom by negotiation under a Transfer of Power instrument (India Independence Act passed by the British Parliament). Was Stalin under pressure from India not to release him and create a problem for India (any attempt to hand over Bose to the British would have put India on fire)?
  3. Now the official reason for refusing to give the requested information (of the ‘three confidential files’ on Bose to Subhash Aggarwal RTI activist) is that revealing their contents to public would adversely impact India’s relations with foreign powers. One can very well guess that these foreign powers could not be other than the Britain and the present day Russia. If it is found that Bose was kept in prison in the Soviet Union, it cannot be blamed on that country for many reasons. Firstly, Russian dictator did not kill Bose in the first case; it was very natural of that country to kill its enemy who sided with Hitler. India would reconcile with the then existing circumstances and would rather appreciate the gesture of not out rightly killing its leader (and, later on sending Bose to India as the video “Bose in Faizabad” shows). Of course, the relations with Britain may be strained on revealing the facts buried in the three secret files.
  4. After viewing the video, perusing the Justice Mukherji Commission Report and analyzing the reason of refusal by the government, the logical events seem like this: (1) There was some understanding among the states of Soviet Union, India and, may be, Britain that Bose would be allowed to live his remaining life In India but incognitio (without revealing his identity). Bose must have been under solemn oath not to ever reveal his real identity. In these unfortunate circumstances, he would have lived in Faizabad in U. P. This arrangement would have certainly saved the face of Indian government; respect of the Soviet Union; and, perhaps, boiling down of the rage of Britain.

Delhi Conspiracy Commission: List of Unsung heroes

Let us put the history straight. Very few persons of our young generation know that there was an intense, violent and do-or-die revolutionary struggle – much before Mahatma Gandhi came on the political scene and during his non-violent Civil Disobedience and Non-Cooperation movement – against the British rule to free India. The persons carrying out these revolutionary activities were then the darlings of the Indian masses. This revolutionary movement was sought to be suppressed by the British by constituting various commissions. One such commission was Delhi Conspiracy Commission. It was constituted to put a group of revolutionaries on trial and punish them for their armed activities to free India (which was termed a conspiracy by these persons to overthrow the legitimate – British – government by violent means).

On perusal of the voluminous “Proceedings of Delhi Conspiracy Commission” it is revealed that in addition to the accused tried by the Commission, there were a large number of persons who had actively participated in the Indian revolutionary movement of “Hindustan Socialist Republican Association”, which was headed by its Commander-in-Chief Chandra Shekhar Azad. The armed actions were carried out by this revolutionary organization under the name of “Hindustan Socialist Republican Army”.

The names of these revolutionaries were disclosed by the approvers/prosecution witnesses in their statements made before the Commission. Today nobody knows their names but they were the true sons of their motherland who had risked their lives for the liberation of this country.

Upon the disclosure of their revolutionary activities by the government witnesses / approvers before the Commission, most of these revolutionaries were arrested (during the currency of the Delhi Conspiracy Commission and after its disbanding) by the British police, brutally tortured and sent to jails. Even in the jails, they were tortured. During these brutalities, their life was made hell, which is testified by their statements, memoirs and writings after their release from prisons during the British period and after the independence.

Sadly for this country, their names or sacrifices do not find mention anywhere in the Indian “official” history of freedom struggle. We are giving here the names (along with their Party names, which was done to conceal their real identity from the British police) of all these revolutionaries, which have been compiled from the Commission’s Proceedings.

We appeal to all those persons, Indians and foreigners both, who have information about these revolutionaries to come forth to provide the details of their lives, struggle and sufferings so that the same may be recorded on this website for the knowledge of our young generation and for the posterity.

  1. Chandra Shekhar Azad – Azad; Panditji; Mahasheji; Gupta; Ram Narain Gupta; Bhai Saheb: Public is requested to share more information about him for setting the history right and for the knowledge of our posterity.
  2. Bhagwati Charan Vohra –  Harish; Arjun: Public is requested to share more information about him (and others) for setting the history right and for the knowledge of our posterity.
  3. Yashpal – Jagdish; Pran; Sohan Singh;
  4. Vidya Bhushan – Ramesh;
  5. Bir Badar Tiwari – Bhaiya;
  6. Satgur Dayal Avasthi – Kapur;
  7. Dhanwantri – Dhani; Prem;
  8. Sampuran Singh Tandan – Asaf;
  9. Sukhdev Raj – Siraj;
  10. Sada Shiv Gajanand Potdar – P;
  11. Sada Shiv – Sakha Ram;
  12. Bisheshar Nath – Lieutenant;
  13. Nand Kishore Nigam – Saheb;
  14. Kashi Ram – Jagdish;
  15. Bhawani Singh – Ranbir Singh;
  16. Bhawani Sahai – Ram Pershad;
  17. Hazari Lall – Sri Kishen; Tara; Pandey; Ramu;
  18. Bhagirath – Chunchul;
  19. Kapur Chand – Hari Ram;
  20. Girwar Singh – Ganga Ram;
  21. Bhimal Pershad Jain – Jain; Shanker; Balam;
  22. Harkesh – Master;
  23. Chhail Behari – Suraj; Master;
  24. Vaishampayan – Shiv; Bachhan;
  25. D. V. Tailang-Munnd;
  26. Kailashpati – Raj Bali Pershad; Raghu Nath Pershad; Kali Charan; Sital; Daya Krishen; Kalyan;
  27. Ram Lall – Bhoot;
  28. Bishamber Dayal – Bhagwati; Bhai Saheb;
  29. Babu Ram Gupta – Babu;
  30. Khayali Ram Gupta – Chatterbox; Gupta;
  31. Madan Gopal – Kabal; Munshi;
  32. Keshub Chand – Bhoot Nath;
  33. Rudra Dutt Mishra – Kailash;
  34. Ram Chandra Bapat – Kapi;
  35. Lekh Ram – Jat;
  36. Durga Devi – Bhabi;
  37. R. C. Sharma – Sharma;
  38. Parkasho – Sarla;
  39. Sada Shiv Rao Mulkapurkar – Sakharan;
  40. Bhagwan Das – Kailash;
  41. Shanker Rae – Double Rote;
  42. M.P. Avasthi – Khanjar;
  43. Kailashpati Asthana s/o Hirdat Narain r/o village Muftigunj district Jaunpore; real home in Azamgarh (party name: Raj Bali Parshad; Raghu Nath Pershad;Daya Kishan Shrivastava, B.A.; Kamta Parshad at Ajmer; Sital)
  44. Shailendranath Chakravarti
  45. Bijoy Kumar Sinha
  46. Manohar Lall (Punjabi)
  47. Muneshar Prashad Awasthi (Swadesh Press, Gorakhpur)
  48. Haldhar Bajpai (Cawnpore)
  49. Surendranath Pandey (Cawnpore)
  50. Sheo Verma
  51. Sukh Deo Raj (party name: villager)
  52. Mahabir Singh (party name: Pratap)
  53. Bhagat Singh
  54. Yashpal (Machchi Hatta opposite Onkar Electric Works, Lahore)
  55. Gaya Parshad
  56. Kundan Lal (Rajputana)
  57. Phanindar Nath Ghosh (Bihar/Orissa)
  58. Master Ram Sharan Das (Lahore)
  59. Jai Gopal
  60. Raj Guru
  61. Kishori Lal
  62. Hans Raj Vohra
  63. Jaideo Kapoor
  64. Kashi Ram
  65. Nand Kishore Nigam (professor at Hindu College; Superintendent of Hindu Hostel)
  66. Bhimal Pershad Jain (son of Benarsi resident of village Sissana district Meerut, living in Khari Baoli, Delhi) ( party name:  Balam)
  67. Bawani Sahai (party name: Ram Pershad)
  68. Bhawani Singh (Ramjas High School 10th class in 1928)
  69. Narain Das (Shivpuri)
  70. Gopal Kishen Puranik
  71. Gopal Rao Bharve (Lashkar)
  72. Sita Ram Sheore (Ganesh Mandar Jhansi)
  73. Ashraf (formerly in C.I.D.)
  74. Bhagwan Das
  75. Gajanand Sada Shiv Potdar
  76. Vishwanath Rao Vaishampayan
  77. Sada Shiv Rao Mulkarpurakar
  78. D. V. Tailang
  79. Bhagirath (resident of village Barkali District Meerut, United Provinces; party name: Chunchal)
  80. Shankar Rao (brother of Sada Shiv Rao Mulkarpurakar) (party name: Double Rote)
  81. Bhagwati Charan Vohra c/o Rup Chand Sharma, Sharma Brothers, Chauk, Gwalmandi, Lahore (party name: Arjun)
  82. Ram Singh (Mulgunj near Church, Cawnpore)
  83. Bir Bahadur Tiwari
  84. Satgur Dayal Avasthi
  85. Bishambar Dayal
  86. Hazari Lal (of Patna, based in Delhi)
  87. Harendra Nath Mozumdar (Bengal)
  88. Gopi Nath Mitra
  89. Pratul Ganguli (Bengal)
  90. Arjun Lal Sethi (Ajmer)
  91. Keshab Chand Gupta (Ajmer)
  92. Ram Chandra Sharma (Nalgarha)
  93. Brahmanand
  94. Dr. Amar Singh (working for Delhi Air Force)
  95. Champa Lal Joti Pershad (of Asli Ghee Store, Khari Baoli)
  96. Khiali Ram Gupta
  97. Babu Ram Gupta
  98. Hamid (compounder at Civil Hospital, Cawnpore)
  99. Vashishtha (of Sewa Dal, Benares)
  100. Prem Duut (of Delhi Shudhi Sabha)
  101. Shridhar Sharma (Ajmer)
  102. Ram Chand Bapat (Ajmer)
  103. Daya Shankar Shukla (of Naryal Bazar, Cawnpore)
  104. Mst. Prakasho
  105. Khayali Ram Gupta (resident of Cloth Market, Delhi and shop in Ballimaran)
  106. Deo Brt (student of Maharaja college, Jaipur)
  107. Kailash (Jaipur)
  108. Girdhar Lal (Jaipur)
  109. Master Chhail Behari
  110. Master Raj Bali Singh (student of Commercial High School Delhi)
  111. Bhagwan Das
  112. Hardwari Lal (worked as tailor at Egerton Road and lived in Bazar Sita Ram)
  113. Hazari Lal
  114. Rudra Dutt Mishra
  115. Krishna Kumar (student in St. Stephens College, Kashmere Gate)
  116. Durga Devi (wife of Bhagwati Charan Vohra)
  117. Shridhar Sharma (resident of Jaori Bazar, Jaipur, wherein house Bhagat Singh etc. after rescue were to be sheltered. His father had a shop ‘Druggist Hall’ in the Jaori Bazar)
  118. Ramesh (c/o Matsaddi Lal, Malakpur district Muzaffarnagar, United Provinces)
  119. Ram Lal (of Saugar, Central Province of Saugor, formerly in C.I.D.)
  120. Sampuran Singh Tandan (party name: Asaf)
  121. Bal Krishan (compounder at Universal Drug Stores, Delhi)
  122. Babu Ram Charan – Ram Charan Singh: Store Keeper; (worked as Store Keeper in Brooke Bond; resident of village Barkali District Meerut, United Provinces)
  123. Babu Ram Gupta
  124. Dhanwantri (party name: Prem)
  125. Girwar Singh
  126. Lekh Ram
  127. Vidya Bhushan
  128. Harkesh (worked as Master in Municipal Board School, Delhi and house in Khajurwali Gali)
  129. Bijay (absconding, cloths found in Bhawalpur House, Lahore)
  130. Badshah Gul (North Frontiers)
  131. Pandit Daulat Ram (Professor at Lahore and living at Court Road, Srinagar, Kashmere)
  132. Vatsayan (party name: scientist)
  133. Bisheshar Nath
  134. Girdhar Lal Purohit
  135. Hem Chand
  136. Raje Lal
  137. Balbhadar (of Patkapur, Cawnpore)
  138. Didi (of Punjab and adopted sister of Bhagwati Charan Vohra)
  139. B.K. Dutt (of Howrah)
  140. Keshab Chand Gupta (of J.P. Bhagarhatta, Ajmere)
  141. Madan Gopal (party name: kewal)
  142. Kashi Ram (party name: Jagdish)
  143. Durga Devi (her son Hari)
  144. Inderpal
  145. Rama Krishna and sons, Lahore
  146. Master Chhuttan Lal (of Ajmere)
  147. Sham Lal (of Ajmere, employed in Loco. Workshop)
  148. Bal Krishan (compounder with Dr. Sen)
  149. Master Bhagwat Dayal Sharma (of Anand Parbat, Delhi)
  150. Brahma Nand
  151. Jai Dev Kapur
  152. Hirendra Nath Mozamdar
  153. Gopal Kishen Puranik (of Shivpuri Bazar, Gandhian)
  154. Hari Shanker (of Gwalior)
  155. Ram Gopal Gupta (of Gwalior)
  156. Hirde (professor of Hindi in Victoria College, Gwalior)
  157. Shanker Rao (of Jhansi)
  158. Madan Mohan (first year student of Hindu College)
  159. Sher Singh
  160. Sohan Lal (a B.A. student of Hindu College)
  161. Charnji Lal Paliwal (of M.A. class Hindu College)
  162. Rajendra Pal Warrior (Meerut – U. P.): Did not marry. High in spirit till his death. Nothing more is known.
  163. Musaddi (Meerut): Did not marry. Incapacitated due to British brutalities. Ran “Progressive Book Shop” in Meerut, selling Soviet literature till his death. Nothing more is known.
  164. Dharam Pal (Dadari – Ghaziabad): A fierce revolutionary who was intercepted by a British Station Master at a Railway station (with a trunk-box containing revolver and ammunition) but ran away leaving behind that trunk-box. His son ran a newspaper in Dadari. Nothing more is known.

Comparison of Modi, Dr. Man Mohan Singh and Kejariwal on economics

(This article is written by Shreepal Singh)

The Mantra of development is the proper utilization of resources. There are many types of resources and some are limited in quantity and some are renewable or un-exhaustive. Some countries may have more resources of a certain type than of other types; a country may not even have a certain type of resource at all and would have to do without that resource. A country may have an abundance of a particular type of resource. The key to development in a country lies in the proper utilization of the resources that are available in that country.

For proper utilization of resources, we need to have capital and technology. For example, a farmer has land but he has no capital to buy better seeds; or farm equipment; or to build 20 stories building thereon; or to erect a factory thereon. He needs capital. With the capital he can buy technology. But sometimes even capital cannot buy technology as the technology-holder may not be willing to sell his technology. This is always the case with sensitive or critical technologies. India was denied the cryogenic technology that is used in rocketry; stealth technology that saves an airplane from detection by radar is another example; there are many technologies that are not available for sale. In any case, one needs capital to utilize resources properly.

India is considered a poverty-stricken country that does not have sufficient capital (!). So we need investors who are willing to invest their capital in India. This is the basic corner-stone of an economics that is founded on Market-Economy and is guided by the Keynesian economic philosophy. In this economy, anybody who has capital may invest for proper utilization of resources; there are no restrictions on him and he may earn profits, which are determined by the free market conditions without any governmental interference.

But those who come to India to invest their capital, come here only with the motive of earning maximum profits on their investment. There is nothing wrong with this motive; but in the pursuit of earning maximum profits, investors may resort to improper tactics and it becomes necessary for the government to step in and check their improper moves. The government must step-in to check the improper moves of the investor-capitalist. This is the  substance of Keynesian economic philosophy and Dr. Manmohan Singh is a dedicated disciple of this school.

This philosophy had been propounded long back in 1930s; though it has been tinkered much since then to meet the exigencies of the situations but in substance it still remains the same.

The world is changing very fast today and old concepts are falling apart. One is forced by the constantly emerging new scenarios to cast-off rigidly framed concepts, think fast and find solution to the need of the hour. Though this is not the place to examine the deficiencies of Keynesian Economic Philosophy, still one may point out instantly that in a situation where the investors/capitalists lobbying-firms, pressure groups etc. effect the government decisions and even the investors/capitalists become Parliamentarians, this is no solution to say that the government should step-in to check their improper moves. The investors themselves become the part of government. There is no solution to this problem in this economic theory. (Example: See how Jaipal Reddy, the petroleum Minister and the part of the Indian government, was shunted-out of his Ministry in the dispute of “Gas extraction in D-6 in KG Basin” and a new and convenient Minister Murali Deora was brought in by investor/Reliance/Ambani. Or, see how the choice of government ministers is determined by the investors/lobbyists of investors while forming the government, which otherwise is the prerogative of the Prime Minister)

Also, it does not point out any solution of a situation where over-utilization/industrialization causes pollution, depletion of resources completely in a country or environmental imbalance on our planet.

Let’s come to the subject of economics of India and what our political leaders are saying, doing or proposing for this country.

We have opened our doors to foreign investors without any discrimination in the hope that they will bring capital and technology, and help our development by proper utilization of our resources. But see the result of this rush-in of all sorts of investors! Coca Cola, Pepsi etc. have not brought any new technology; they are over-utilizing our water resources; they are causing environmental pollution and reeking in profits without any benefits to our people (except the claimed new employment opportunities). On the other hand, they have created health-hazard to our children. Insurance, banking etc. have also not brought any new technology and reaping profits. This is the result of Dr. Manmohan’s economics!

We have limited quantity of minerals, hydrocarbons, and land resources. Investors are over-exploiting these limited resources. This over-exploitation of resources is causing socio-economic conflicts in India and giving birth to left extremism. Raw materials, like minerals, and petroleum are being exported out of India turning this country into a resource less land in coming future. All these resources are limited in quantity and would exhaust one day if things are allowed to go on like this.

India has one more resource. It is its population; it is its human resource. This resource can be utilized to develop this country. This resource is not limited in quantity and is self-generating also. If India puts a major portion of its budget in utilizing this resource, this country would beat the whole world in development.

This resource can be properly utilized if the population of this country is provided education as the government’s top-most priority. To make India a developed country and a world leader, our slogan should be: dedicate all resources and efforts to give education to people! The education should be provided to all; education should be of the highest quality available in the world; and, poverty of would-be students or the crunch of budget-funds should not be allowed to come in the way of providing education to all. The quality of education should ensure to include the education and research and development in fundamental sciences and technology.

Today’s economy is the economy of knowledge and not the economy of inviting Coca Cola, Pepsi, Insurance, Banking etc. One who has the knowledge, one who has the technology based on that knowledge shall rule the world and shall create a world-order according to its whims! This is the truth of today.

By education, by knowledge, by technology a nation can grow trees that give electricity, can create miniscule weapons that fly in air and defend its boarders, can forge gravitational-machines that travel to distant planets and transfer its population, and, tell us what cannot be done by knowledge and technology!!

This is not the Keynesian Economic Philosophy of Dr. Manmohan Singh. It is the vision of Narendra Modi, when he says that India will have three equal fields for development: firstly, the manufacturing sector; secondly, the service sector; and, thirdly, the agricultural sector. This economics does not need the study at Harvard University; it needs a fertile mind, common-sense, experience of life, honesty, dedication to make this country a great nation and patriotism. Narendra Modi has all these qualities.

The equal importance given by Modi to the service sector will give top-third priority to educating people of this country so that they are able to serve as scientists, teachers, technicians, advisors, doctors etc. It is a great vision. He did not forget to add in his address on this topic that when these educated Indians will go to foreign lands, and where they will be in great demand because of their high education and skills (nay, those foreign countries would not survive in a fiercely competitive world without these now highly educated and skilled Indians) , these Indians will take with them the Indian spiritual and cultural heritage (Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Christians’ spiritual and cultural heritage) with them. There they will plant these benign knowledge and traditions in foreign lands.

This is the best economic model for an emerging India. This is Mr. Modi’s contribution to modern economic theories. Dr. Man Mohan Singh, or any of his so-called stalwart followers, stand no where in economics in comparison to this vision of Mr. Modi so far as India is concerned.

The equal importance given by Modi to manufacturing and agricultural sectors has a great economic wisdom. We need to manufacture newer machines based on the higher knowledge acquired through education by our youths to meet our needs and to meet the security exigencies of an emerging volatile world today. According to this vision of Modi, it cannot be the manufacturing of goods based on obsolete technologies, which the Dr. Manmohan Singh’s policy of inviting foreign capital is doing today. In Modi’s vision, providing education to develop service sector go hand in hand with setting up manufacturing facilities based on knowledge-technology.

The equal importance given to agriculture by Modi also has a pragmatic wisdom. It is necessary to protect our habitat, which needs oxygen to survive, and which is amply given by plants, trees etc. See the position in China as a result of indiscriminate industrialization. One cannot properly breathe there. We need agriculture to feed our people (food security, in case it is denied by forces inimical to our country), to allow to sustain our farmers (not uprooting them by forceful acquisitions of land, which is being done today to industrialize India at break-neck speed), and to allow the Indian traditions to survive in villages which depend on agriculture (Gandhi said: India lives in villages).

We have compared the economics of Dr. Manmohan Singh and Narendra Modi here. Kejariwal, who is another player in the political field today, has not opened his mouth on his economics. Either he does not have any though-out economic understanding about India or he is keeping the one he has to his secret chest. Once he has spoken about economics at FICCI and there he talked in favour of capitalism of the old style. He said he is in favour of investment of capital and thereby development.

What does it mean in today’s controversies? He is not clear; perhaps he does not understand the real issues. He talks only about being anti crony capitalism but that is not enough. Any way what is crony capitalism? It is a misnomer! Let us talk economics: capitalism is capitalism.

What does Kejariwal says in the above referred case of the dispute of “Gas extraction by Reliance in D-6 in KG Basin” and removal of a Minister and raising the price of the gas by the investor? He says, it is corruption! What a layman’s explanation to an economic question!

Kejariwal has had no occasion to come to face-to-face with the Keynesian Theory which the government is following, or the deficiencies of this theory, or any idea of the removal of these deficiencies.

Corruption is one thing and economics is another world altogether. No body favours corruption but its removal is not the solution to all questions, particularly, economic questions. Arvind Kejariwal stands nowhere on economics.

Why Kejriwal is obsessed to fight against Modi ?

By: Parmanand pandey, General Secretary IPC (in consultation with Shreepal singh)

    Arvind Kejriwal’s obsession of contesting the Lok Sabha election from the same constituency of Varanasi  where Narendra Modi has choosen to fight is inexplicable for lesser mortals like us.  We, nevertheless, feel that Kejriwal wants to shine in the reflected glory of a person, who has been able to build up a sort of wave in his favour by his deeds in the country. Kejriwal thinks that by positing himself against Modi and talking tall on all conceivable issues, he would be able to steal the limelight of the media. This is a psychological problem and it needs to be cured.

          He is going all over the country but instead of presenting any alternative, he becomes vociferous in criticizing Modi. Sometimes he says that Modi has become the agent of the corporate houses like those of Ambani and Adani. He conveniently forgets the fact that Ambanis and Adanis have not made their huge empires only in Gujrat and during Modi’s regime. They have flourished during Congress regime and that too all over the country.

Therefore, to single out Modi for the rise of these industrialists would amount to compromising the truth. Singling out of Modi by Kejariwal (in day in and day out from the moment he has chosen to fight Lok Sabha elections beyond Delhi – where he was the Chief Minister) as the real cause of the rise of Ambani or Adani business houses, is a blatant lies on the part of Kejariwal. It is not only the blatant lies on his part, it is a worse crime being played upon the people of this country by misleading them.

Firstly, Ambani, Adani and a whole horde of big business houses of their ilk are not limited to Gujrat; they have their empire spread out through out India. Is Modi responsible for the rise of their empire through out India (say, in haryana)? Obviously, Modi is not responsible for their such rise.

But, then who is responsible for their such rise? Answer is very plain: Primarily, the persons and political parties that ruled at the Centre (whereat the open policy of these leaders/parties is to promote the business of such industralists/capitalists); and secondarily, the responsibilities of executing these central policies lie with the State Governments. It is a blatant lies on the part of Kejariwal to blame Modi for their rise.

Secondly, Kejariwal by misleading the electorates is committing a worse crime upon the people of this country. He never ever says that it is the Congress Government at the Centre that is the cause of the rise of Ambani, Adani etc. etc. through out India.

Why does Kejariwal not say this truth? Is he not wise enough to understand this fact? He is IIT passed; he is IRS qualified. He is not fool not to understand this simple fact.

Then, what is the reason for Kejariwal to single out Modi for this blame and exclude Congress (at the Centre and say, in Haryana)? He is playing these tricks upon the people to fulfil his ambitions. Yesterday, Kejariwal was the worst enemy of Congress (and, he rose by positing himself an “Anti-Congress” fighter); today, he is the best friend of Congress.

By singling out Modi as his sole enemy, Kejariwal would accomplish by his conduct three things:

Firstly, he would help fulfil the plan of Congress to stop Modi becoming the Prime Minister.

Secondly, he would create conditions in India where there is a coalition government of rank-opportunist political elements and de-stabalise India to the advantage of Congress (which is hoping to stage a come-back in 2019 elections on the plank of Stability).

Thirdly, by his conduct, Kejariwal is helping the enemies of this country, who wish india to be unstable, weak, without strong leader like Modi.

Modi has gone to Varanasi to provide boost to his candidates in Uttar Pradesh, which returns the largest number of members to the Lok Sabha but Kejriwal has no such stakes. He is there only to oppose Modi. Opposition for the sake opposition has never been a good philosophy and any right-thinking person will condemn it.

    Kejriwal is nowdays being propped up by the Congress Party because he is doing everything at its bidding. Now let us see the real colour of Kejriwal. In Bangalore, he charged Ruppes twenty thousand from those who lunched and dined with him. Can any Aam Adami think of paying such a huge amount to have a meal with the common person’s leader who is so uncommon? The other day he took the facility of travelling in a very costly-chartered plane to attend a conclave of India Today. It may be mentioned here that in Delhi he made a news of travelling in the Metro train to attend his office. He often boasts of moving around in an old Santro car but has no compunction in availing the hospitality of a big media house. This is a duplicity of the top order and we deprecate it in strongest possible terms.

      To become a big you must think big and do the noble work. Austerity should not only be talked about but it must be observed in the life as well. Hiatus between words and deeds, precepts and conducts, preaching and practicing cause the trust deficit. Kejriwal ji, do not be the cause of such a big trust deficit as it will be harmful to the politics of the country which has already lost much of its sheen in the public.

Is Kejriwal playing into hands of forces inimical to India?

(This article is written in collaboration by Parmanand Pandey and Shreepal Singh)

The mask is finally down and the real face of Arvind Kejriwal has come to the fore. He has said in most brazen and audacious manner that he would put media persons behind bars for projecting Narendra Modi after taking money from him and the BJP. He has alleged that some corporate houses have purchased media persons to work in favour of Modi. This speaks volumes about that the dictatorial streaks in  Kejriwal.

Let me hasten to add that I am not suggesting that media houses or media persons are free from corruption. In fact, no organ of the society is Lilly white. All organs of the State are tainted with corruption. As far as media is concerned it has been indulging in corrupt practices right from the time of independence, which is clear from the report of the First Press Commission. The First Press Commission was set up by none other than Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in 1952 under the Chairmanship of Justice GD Rajyadhyaksha and its eminent members were Dr Zakir Hussain and Acharya Narendra Dev among others. However the corruption in media is not the subject of this post.

Arvind Kejriwal is nobody to put anybody in jail without proper investigation and trial. This shows the whimsical mentality of a person having no understanding of rule of law. I have my serious doubts, and which is not unfounded that Kejriwal is playing into the hands of some anti-national forces which are bent upon de-stabilizing the country. After a great deal of efforts the country’s politics has veered around two parties or two coalitions partners one, led by the Congress and the other, led by the BJP. The country has been fed up with the rampant corruption which flourished during the Congress led coalition government. Everybody has been looking forward to replacing this government with that of Narendra Modi.

When it has been almost clear that Modi would form the government and lead the nation to stability, the forces inimical to the stability of the country became overactive. They do not want any strong and untainted leader like Modi to come to power. So they started projecting Kejriwal as a clean and corruption free leader and provided him all facilities to crisscross the country and spew venom against Narendra Modi. His main aim is not to provide the stable government; so necessary for the progress of the country but to queer the pitch for Narendra Modi. Obviously he is doing it all at the instance of somebody/some forces, who is/are against India.

Needless to say, Kejriwal had been running an NGO in his earlier avatar. This NGO has been heavily funded by the Ford Foundation and his NGO flourished during the Congress regime. He was even awarded with Magsaysay. Kejriwal formed the Government in Delhi with the help of the Congress Party.  Therefore we can safely say that he is a mere pawn in the hands of both the Congress Party and the Ford Foundation. This is the time when the people must see through the designs of the forces which are working behind the rise of Kejriwal. These forces have got the bigger designs to deprive the country from having the stability under strong leader like Narendra Modi. Let us collectively frustrate their nefarious games in the interests of the nation.

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