Delhi Conspiracy Commission: Unsung heoros

Let us put the history straight. Very few persons of our young generation know that there was an intense, violent and do-or-die revolutionary struggle – much before Mahatma Gandhi came on the political scene and during his non-violent Civil Disobedience and Non-Cooperation movement – against the British rule to free India. The persons carrying out these revolutionary activities were then the darlings of the Indian masses. This revolutionary movement was sought to be suppressed by the British by constituting various commissions. One such commission was Delhi Conspiracy Commission. It was constituted to put a group of revolutionaries on trial and punish them for their armed activities to free India (which was termed a conspiracy by these persons to overthrow the legitimate – British – government by violent means).

On perusal of the voluminous “Proceedings of Delhi Conspiracy Commission” it is revealed that in addition to the accused tried by the Commission, there were a large number of persons who had actively participated in the Indian revolutionary movement of “Hindustan Socialist Republican Association”, which was headed by its Commander-in-Chief Chandra Shekhar Azad. The armed actions were carried out by this revolutionary organization under the name of “Hindustan Socialist Republican Army”.

The names of these revolutionaries were disclosed by the approvers/prosecution witnesses in their statements made before the Commission. Today nobody knows their names but they were the true sons of their motherland who had risked their lives for the liberation of this country.

Upon the disclosure of their revolutionary activities by the government witnesses / approvers before the Commission, most of these revolutionaries were arrested (during the currency of the Delhi Conspiracy Commission and after its disbanding) by the British police, brutally tortured and sent to jails. Even in the jails, they were tortured. During these brutalities, their life was made hell, which is testified by their statements, memoirs and writings after their release from prisons during the British period and after the independence.

Sadly for this country, their names or sacrifices do not find mention anywhere in the Indian “official” history of freedom struggle. We are giving here the names (along with their Party names, which was done to conceal their real identity from the British police) of all these revolutionaries, which have been compiled from the Commission’s Proceedings.

We appeal to all those persons, Indians and foreigners both, who have information about these revolutionaries to come forth to provide the details of their lives, struggle and sufferings so that the same may be recorded on this website for the knowledge of our young generation and for the posterity.

  1. Chandra Shekhar Azad – Azad; Panditji; Mahasheji; Gupta; Ram Narain Gupta; Bhai Saheb;
  2. Bhagwati Charan Vohra –  Harish; Arjun;
  3. Yashpal – Jagdish; Pran; Sohan Singh;
  4. Vidya Bhushan – Ramesh;
  5. Bir Badar Tiwari – Bhaiya;
  6. Satgur Dayal Avasthi – Kapur;
  7. Dhanwantri – Dhani; Prem;
  8. Sampuran Singh Tandan – Asaf;
  9. Sukhdev Raj – Siraj;
  10. Sada Shiv Gajanand Potdar – P;
  11. Sada Shiv – Sakha Ram;
  12. Bisheshar Nath – Lieutenant;
  13. Nand Kishore Nigam – Saheb;
  14. Kashi Ram – Jagdish;
  15. Bhawani Singh – Ranbir Singh;
  16. Bhawani Sahai – Ram Pershad;
  17. Hazari Lall – Sri Kishen; Tara; Pandey; Ramu;
  18. Bhagirath – Chunchul;
  19. Kapur Chand – Hari Ram;
  20. Girwar Singh – Ganga Ram;
  21. Bhimal Pershad Jain – Jain; Shanker; Balam;
  22. Harkesh – Master;
  23. Chhail Behari – Suraj; Master;
  24. Vaishampayan – Shiv; Bachhan;
  25. D. V. Tailang-Munnd;
  26. Kailashpati – Raj Bali Pershad; Raghu Nath Pershad; Kali Charan; Sital; Daya Krishen; Kalyan;
  27. Ram Lall – Bhoot;
  28. Bishamber Dayal – Bhagwati; Bhai Saheb;
  29. Babu Ram Gupta – Babu;
  30. Khayali Ram Gupta – Chatterbox; Gupta;
  31. Madan Gopal – Kabal; Munshi;
  32. Keshub Chand – Bhoot Nath;
  33. Rudra Dutt Mishra – Kailash;
  34. Ram Chandra Bapat – Kapi;
  35. Lekh Ram – Jat;
  36. Durga Devi – Bhabi;
  37. R. C. Sharma – Sharma;
  38. Parkasho – Sarla;
  39. Sada Shiv Rao Mulkapurkar – Sakharan;
  40. Bhagwan Das – Kailash;
  41. Shanker Rae – Double Rote;
  42. M.P. Avasthi – Khanjar;
  43. Kailashpati Asthana s/o Hirdat Narain r/o village Muftigunj district Jaunpore; real home in Azamgarh (party name: Raj Bali Parshad; Raghu Nath Pershad;Daya Kishan Shrivastava, B.A.; Kamta Parshad at Ajmer; Sital)
  44. Shailendranath Chakravarti
  45. Bijoy Kumar Sinha
  46. Manohar Lall (Punjabi)
  47. Muneshar Prashad Awasthi (Swadesh Press, Gorakhpur)
  48. Haldhar Bajpai (Cawnpore)
  49. Surendranath Pandey (Cawnpore)
  50. Sheo Verma
  51. Sukh Deo Raj (party name: villager)
  52. Mahabir Singh (party name: Pratap)
  53. Bhagat Singh
  54. Yashpal (Machchi Hatta opposite Onkar Electric Works, Lahore)
  55. Gaya Parshad
  56. Kundan Lal (Rajputana)
  57. Phanindar Nath Ghosh (Bihar/Orissa)
  58. Master Ram Sharan Das (Lahore)
  59. Jai Gopal
  60. Raj Guru
  61. Kishori Lal
  62. Hans Raj Vohra
  63. Jaideo Kapoor
  64. Kashi Ram
  65. Nand Kishore Nigam (professor at Hindu College; Superintendent of Hindu Hostel)
  66. Bhimal Pershad Jain (son of Benarsi resident of village Sissana district Meerut, living in Khari Baoli, Delhi) ( party name:  Balam)
  67. Bawani Sahai (party name: Ram Pershad)
  68. Bhawani Singh (Ramjas High School 10th class in 1928)
  69. Narain Das (Shivpuri)
  70. Gopal Kishen Puranik
  71. Gopal Rao Bharve (Lashkar)
  72. Sita Ram Sheore (Ganesh Mandar Jhansi)
  73. Ashraf (formerly in C.I.D.)
  74. Bhagwan Das
  75. Gajanand Sada Shiv Potdar
  76. Vishwanath Rao Vaishampayan
  77. Sada Shiv Rao Mulkarpurakar
  78. D. V. Tailang
  79. Bhagirath (resident of village Barkali District Meerut, United Provinces; party name: Chunchal)
  80. Shankar Rao (brother of Sada Shiv Rao Mulkarpurakar) (party name: Double Rote)
  81. Bhagwati Charan Vohra c/o Rup Chand Sharma, Sharma Brothers, Chauk, Gwalmandi, Lahore (party name: Arjun)
  82. Ram Singh (Mulgunj near Church, Cawnpore)
  83. Bir Bahadur Tiwari
  84. Satgur Dayal Avasthi
  85. Bishambar Dayal
  86. Hazari Lal (of Patna, based in Delhi)
  87. Harendra Nath Mozumdar (Bengal)
  88. Gopi Nath Mitra
  89. Pratul Ganguli (Bengal)
  90. Arjun Lal Sethi (Ajmer)
  91. Keshab Chand Gupta (Ajmer)
  92. Ram Chandra Sharma (Nalgarha)
  93. Brahmanand
  94. Dr. Amar Singh (working for Delhi Air Force)
  95. Champa Lal Joti Pershad (of Asli Ghee Store, Khari Baoli)
  96. Khiali Ram Gupta
  97. Babu Ram Gupta
  98. Hamid (compounder at Civil Hospital, Cawnpore)
  99. Vashishtha (of Sewa Dal, Benares)
  100. Prem Duut (of Delhi Shudhi Sabha)
  101. Shridhar Sharma (Ajmer)
  102. Ram Chand Bapat (Ajmer)
  103. Daya Shankar Shukla (of Naryal Bazar, Cawnpore)
  104. Mst. Prakasho
  105. Khayali Ram Gupta (resident of Cloth Market, Delhi and shop in Ballimaran)
  106. Deo Brt (student of Maharaja college, Jaipur)
  107. Kailash (Jaipur)
  108. Girdhar Lal (Jaipur)
  109. Master Chhail Behari
  110. Master Raj Bali Singh (student of Commercial High School Delhi)
  111. Bhagwan Das
  112. Hardwari Lal (worked as tailor at Egerton Road and lived in Bazar Sita Ram)
  113. Hazari Lal
  114. Rudra Dutt Mishra
  115. Krishna Kumar (student in St. Stephens College, Kashmere Gate)
  116. Durga Devi (wife of Bhagwati Charan Vohra)
  117. Shridhar Sharma (resident of Jaori Bazar, Jaipur, wherein house Bhagat Singh etc. after rescue were to be sheltered. His father had a shop ‘Druggist Hall’ in the Jaori Bazar)
  118. Ramesh (c/o Matsaddi Lal, Malakpur district Muzaffarnagar, United Provinces)
  119. Ram Lal (of Saugar, Central Province of Saugor, formerly in C.I.D.)
  120. Sampuran Singh Tandan (party name: Asaf)
  121. Bal Krishan (compounder at Universal Drug Stores, Delhi)
  122. Babu Ram Charan – Ram Charan Singh: Store Keeper; (worked as Store Keeper in Brooke Bond; resident of village Barkali District Meerut, United Provinces)
  123. Babu Ram Gupta
  124. Dhanwantri (party name: Prem)
  125. Girwar Singh
  126. Lekh Ram
  127. Vidya Bhushan
  128. Harkesh (worked as Master in Municipal Board School, Delhi and house in Khajurwali Gali)
  129. Bijay (absconding, cloths found in Bhawalpur House, Lahore)
  130. Badshah Gul (North Frontiers)
  131. Pandit Daulat Ram (Professor at Lahore and living at Court Road, Srinagar, Kashmere)
  132. Vatsayan (party name: scientist)
  133. Bisheshar Nath
  134. Girdhar Lal Purohit
  135. Hem Chand
  136. Raje Lal
  137. Balbhadar (of Patkapur, Cawnpore)
  138. Didi (of Punjab and adopted sister of Bhagwati Charan Vohra)
  139. B.K. Dutt (of Howrah)
  140. Keshab Chand Gupta (of J.P. Bhagarhatta, Ajmere)
  141. Madan Gopal (party name: kewal)
  142. Kashi Ram (party name: Jagdish)
  143. Durga Devi (her son Hari)
  144. Inderpal
  145. Rama Krishna and sons, Lahore
  146. Master Chhuttan Lal (of Ajmere)
  147. Sham Lal (of Ajmere, employed in Loco. Workshop)
  148. Bal Krishan (compounder with Dr. Sen)
  149. Master Bhagwat Dayal Sharma (of Anand Parbat, Delhi)
  150. Brahma Nand
  151. Jai Dev Kapur
  152. Hirendra Nath Mozamdar
  153. Gopal Kishen Puranik (of Shivpuri Bazar, Gandhian)
  154. Hari Shanker (of Gwalior)
  155. Ram Gopal Gupta (of Gwalior)
  156. Hirde (professor of Hindi in Victoria College, Gwalior)
  157. Shanker Rao (of Jhansi)
  158. Madan Mohan (first year student of Hindu College)
  159. Sher Singh
  160. Sohan Lal (a B.A. student of Hindu College)
  161. Charnji Lal Paliwal (of M.A. class Hindu College)
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