Delhi Conspiracy Commission: Bimal Prasad Jain

Bhimal Persad Jain (also spelled Bimal Persad Jain in the Proceedings of Delhi Conspiracy Commission) was one of many prominent revolutionaries close to Chandra Shekhar Azad, the Commander-in-Chief of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA).  He was arrested by the British police for participating in the blowing up the train of Lord Irwin, which was allegedly done by the accused persons / revolutionaries in a conspiracy to overthrow the British government by the use of violent / revolutionary means. He was one of the nine accused persons put on trial before the Delhi Conspiracy Commission. These nine accused persons were: …….. This Commission was manned by L. S. White, President; Kanwar Sain, Member; and Amir Ali, Member. The name of the lawyer who was appearing for the British government was Zaffarullah Khan, Bar-at-Law; and the names of the lawyers who appeared for the accused persons from time to time were: …… The evidence given before the Commission disclosed that the accused persons, along with many other revolutionaries who were not accused before the Commission (who were later on arrested, tortured and put in prisons), were running a bomb factory in the name of ‘Himalayan Toilets’ ( a smokescreen to hide the real work of bomb-making) at Qutub Road, Delhi.  It was found by evidence that not only Bimal Prashad Jain but also his wife Smt. Roopvati Jain, their co-revolutionaries Ageya, Durga Bhabhi, Bhagwati Charan Vohra, Yashpal and many more persons were working to manufacture ingredients for making bombs, like Picric Acid, nitroglycerine and fulminate of Mercury. After the Delhi Conspiracy Commission was disbanded, Bimal Prasad was put on separate trial, convicted and sentenced to seven and half years’ rigorous imprisonment for his revolutionary activities.

Bimal Prasad had arranged entry-passes for Bhagat Singh to enable him and his co-revolutionaries to enter the assembly where they threw bombs, a symbolic gesture which they famously said was ‘to open the ears of the deaf British’. After the blast, Bimal Prasad handed over a press release to Hindustan Times newspaper about the necessity of blasting the bombs by the revolutionaries and before the newspaper staff could comprehend the contents of this press release he ran away from the newspaper office.

Bimal Prasad Jain was of the view that it was Yashpal (who later became a communist) who was responsible for the death of Bhagwati Charan Vohra, which he thought was done by Yashpal by sabotaging a bomb that was being tested by Bhagwati Charan Vohra. The reason for this suspecian was that Yashpal was having an improper relations with the wife of Bhagwati Charan Vohra. (later on, Yaspal married the widow of Bhagwati Charan Vohra). In HSRA the character of a revolutionary was considered of the highest value and particularly it was so in the matter of sex. This matter of the crime of sexual overtures of Yashpal towards the wife of another revolutionary was discussed under the leadership of Chandra Shekhar Azad in the Qudsia Bagh. It was decided in the meeting that Yashpal be punished by shooting and killing him. But by then, Yashpal had left Delhi for Lahore, which was his native place of influence. A team of revolutionaries was sent to chase him in Lahore and kill him. On reaching Lahore, Yaspal spread a word among his followers there that the decision to kill him was taken without hearing him. Due to this strategy adopted by him, there was a dissention among revolutionaries and he could not be killed as the party had decided. In saving the life of Yashpal there was some help from Kailashpati, who had not given permission to shoot Yashpal. The team that was assigned the task to shoot Yashpal had a number of persons (perhaps including Bimal Prasad Jain). Kailashpati  later had become an approver for the British State and had disclosed the names of revolutionaries of HSRA.

A biography of Bimal (or Vimal) Prasad Jain was written by his wife Smt. Roopvati Jain, which was released by the then President of India Dr Shankar Dayal Sharma. This book includes in its contents the revolutionary ideology of HSRA, which was declared by the organization in the pamphlet titled ‘The Philosophy of the Bomb’ distributed just after the blowing-up of the Vice Roy’s train in Delhi.

Bimal Prasad would have been hanged for being involved in the revolutionary activities but for a Valmiki lady named Asharfi Devi who refused to give details to the British police about the contents of the waste-materials coming out of the Bomb Factory, which details she refused to give to the police when she was told by some revolutionaries that if she told the truth to the police many of the youngsters working in the bomb factory would be convicted and hanged.

When this revolutionary real story was told to the former Delhi Chief Minister Sahib Singh Verma, he opened a school on Qutub Road in the name of ‘Asharfi Devi’.



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