India refuses to sign Trade Facilitation Agreement


By: Shreepal Singh
Indian government has departed from the previous UPA government policy, and rightly so, in the matter on signing the Trade Facilitation Agreement, in continuation of the Bali negotiations.
The US is angry over the Indian stand of refusing to sign this agreement unless its concerns regarding subsidizing food production by farmers / food security for India are solved.
This is the time for India to show strength. To be fair – and this must be made clear to all, including US -, Indian rupee has been assaulted by inflation since 1988 – 86, mostly as the result of IMF and World Bank policies (by attaching unfair conditions to credits over this period).
This situation is with most of the developing countries ( They should be brought on the resistance united platform being created by India now).
This inflation has to be set off and set off now. It cannot be left to the uncertainties of future.
Secondly, all questions of how the US helps/subsidizes its farmers has also to be discussed before TFA is agreed to.
Thirdly, India should take a higher moral ground before the international community that Food Security for HUMANITY is of the primary importance and wealth earning TRADE is of the secondary importance. Human rights are above all concerns.

Justice Katju a whistle-blower or rank opportunist?


Parmanand Pandey and Shreepal Singh of IPC

 

Is Justice Katju a whistle-blower or rank opportunist? If corruption in judiciary is a secret, then it is an open secret and it has been continuing for quite long time. It will be an oxymoron to say that the judiciary is insulated from the executive. The fact is that even after the introduction of the collegium system only such persons have been elevated to the bench, who have worked as the Law Officers in the High Courts or in the Supreme Court. It is difficult to find any advocate being elevated to the bench if he or she has not been a law officer at one point of time or the other. The reason behind it is that the state is the largest litigant in the courts, the law officers get the frequent opportunities to appear before the bench, and therefore they have the better prospects of being considered by the collegium for their elevation. Now the controversy generated by the so-called revelation of Justice Katju about a corrupt judge of the Madras High Court is the old and stale one. Justice Katju has not named the judge in his disclosure but almost all advocates of the Madras High Court knew about the late Justice Ashok Kumar. However, the way Justice Katju is projecting his image of a whistle blower is far from the realty. The more he is a defending the long spell of his silence and inaction during the period when he was holding the post of the Chief Justice of Madras High Court and the judge of the Supreme Court of India, the more he becomes a grotesque picture of his image in the eyes of the public. He has no explanation as to why he remained silent for three years after his retirement as the judge of the Supreme Court. It may be noted here that Writ Petition was filed against the late Justice Ashok Kumar in the Supreme Court and the petitioners were the Senior Lawyer Shanti Bhusan and Advocate Kamini Jaiswal. The Supreme Court, although, refused to interfere with his appointment as a judge but it observed that the then Chief Justice of India R. C. Lahoti should not have been influenced by the stand of the Government in favour of confirmation of Justice Ashok Kumar. Where was Justice Katju at that time? He was the Chief Justice of Madras High Court, of course. What did he do then? Nothing, of course. What has been his contribution in purging judiciary from corruption? The answer is a big ZERO. His claim of a whistle blower is nothing but a preposterous statement. Was it not the duty of Justice Katju to have sacrificed the judgeship of the Supreme Court for the sake of independent and corruption-free judiciary? Now Justice Katju says that he did not bring all these corrupt practices in the public domain because he was holding the august office as the judge of the Supreme Court. How ridiculous it is? By saying so Justice Katju is a painting himself with the laughable colours. There is a difference between a whistle -blower and a person, who opens the lid for his/ her own interests. Not long ago Justice Katju wrote a very stinking article against the present Prime Minister of India saying, that all the perfumes of the Arabia would not able to wipe out the stains blood from the hands of Narendra Modi for the massacre of Muslims in Gujrat. He never knew that Narendra Modi would romp home with thunderous victory in the Lok Sabha election; otherwise, he would never have dared to write the article. In reply to that article Mr. Arun Jetly, the present Finance and Defence minister of India wrote another article in the same newspaper saying that the article of Justice Katju amounted to an exercise of bungalow hunting in Lutyens’ Delhi. Needless to say, that when Narendra Modi came to power Justice Katju started cozying with present dispensation in different,, covert and over manners. Firstly; he became the champion of Uniform Civil Code, which he never supported in any one of his judgments either of the judge of different High Courts or as the Judge of the Supreme Court. Now when he is raising the matter related to the late Justice Ashok Kumar, he is trying to develop proximity with Narendra Modi government. However, there is a silver lining in the so-called controversy raked by Justice Katju. This has given the opportunity to immediately go in for the National Judical Commission for the appointment of the judges because the system of Colloegum has become rotten. If the exclusive control of the executive in the appointment of the judges was wrong, the present system is no good. Therefore, there is a crying need that the government of today must discuss and debate about the National Judicial Commission and introduce a new system for the appointment of the judges, where the transparency must be the key factor. The debate in public against the corruption in the judiciary should become more vocal. Till now judiciary has been treated as Holy Cow, this has further caused damage not only to the judiciary but to our healthy democratic system. In the tail end, it is expected that Justice Katju would opt out from the second term of the Chairmanship of the Press Council of India otherwise; an impression will go down that he is rank opportunist, who has created the controversy to serve his own ulterior motives to retain a his bungalow in the Lutyens’ Delhi. We may also add that this is an opportunity for Justice Katju to prove his mettle and rehabilitate himself by renouncing all kinds of privileges that come with appointments to public offices by the government of the day. If he has the courage to make this sacrifice, he would indeed be not only rehabilitating himself in the public eyes but also serving the cause of the nation by his expose.

Justice Markandey Katju – revelation or what?


By: Parmanand Pandey, Advocate, Supreme Court (General Secretary IPC)

The so-called revelation of Justice Markandey Katju about a corrupt judge in Madras High Court is a classic example of opportunism. What is shocking is not that there was a corrupt judge in the Madras High Court but the disclosure of Markndey Katju after years of his retirement from the Supreme Court of India. He is presently holding the post of the Chairman of the Press Council of India after his retirement as a judge of the Supreme Court. There is no gainsaying that there are large numbers of corrupt, incompetent judges, who are bereft of any moral scruples. Such judges are not confined only to the Madras High Court but they can be found in all High Courts across the country.

The moot question is why Justice Markandey Katju remained tight lipped for such a long period of time? Why did he not open his mouth until he was in position of authority as the judge of the Apex Court? The judge about whom he has referred to in his lead article of the Times of India of 21st July, 2014 can be easily identified by the advocates of Madras High Court. He was none else but the late Justice Ashok Kumar, who expired nearly five years ago in 2009. The late Justice Ashok Kumar had granted bail to the DMK leader Shri Karunanidhi and it is a known fact Shri Karunanidhi was instrumental in his elevation as the judge of the Madras High Court.

Be that as it may, Justice Markandey Katju was the Chief Justice of Madras High Court but in his news article in the Times of India, he has displayed the timidity of not naming either the late Justice Ashok Kumar or the octogenarian leader of Tamilnadu K. Karunanidhi, who was responsible in providing the protective cover to him. Granted that DMK was in alliance with the Congress Party, which was in power at the Centre and Shri Manmohan Singh, the Prime Minister was a very weak person ready to bend backwards to save his seat. However, the million-dollar question is who prevented Justice Markandey Katju from writing to the then Chief Justice of India and the Collegium of senior judges and informing them with the factual position. As a Chief Justice of the Madras High Court, he could have prevented Justice Ashok Kumar from holding the court as is the precedent the Bombay High Court. And this was also done in the case of Justice Ramaswami of the Supreme Court of India, he was divested of the responsibility of presiding over the bench, when allegations of corruption flew thick and fast against him.

It is in the pubic domain that impeachment proceedings were proceeded against him but it could not get through in Parliament because the then Prime Minister Shri P.V. Narsinga Rao decided to abstain during the crucial voting. The recent example of Justice Soumitra Sen of Calcutta High Court when impeachment proceedings were initiated against him in Parliament but before the voting could take place he resigned from the post, thus making all debates in parliament infrctuous. Justice P.D. Dinakaran’s case is also an example that how a tainted could be effectively made dys-functional?

Therefore, if Justice Markandey Katju was interested in cleansing the judiciary from corruption he should have taken the lead when he was the Chief Justice of Madras High Court but alas, he did not do any such thing. He is now flogging the name of a person who is no more in this world. It is very easy to level allegations against a dead man but very difficult to prove because the dead man will not come to contravene the allegations. All the same, it is also the part of the our culture that a person who is dead should not be soiled and besmirched. Here Justice Katju has again committed the ethical wrong and thereby he has done damage to the credibility of the Supreme Court of India by naming those Chief Justices, who have already retired. Now it, the turn of those retired Chief Justices namely; Justice R.C. Lahuti, Justice Y. K. Sabharwal and Justice K.G. Balakrishnan who are fortunately alive to set the records straight. For the restoration of the credibility of judiciary, it will be in the fitness of things that all three retired Chief Justices must do so, otherwise go down in the history with tainted image.

The owe it the nation whether they compromised the independence of the judiciary by accommodating corrupt judged under the political pressure of the day? They must also tell the nation why they yielded to the pressure. Having said it all, Justice Katju also owes explanation to the people of the country that why he not made efforts to purify the judiciary when he was holding the high positions of Chief Justice of the Madras and Delhi High Courts and the Supreme Court of India? What prevented him to do so? If he fails to offer satisfactory explanation then he will also carry the baggage of infamy in history. It is pertinent to point out that Justice Markandey Katju’s term as the Chairman of the Press Council of India is coming to close in the month of September 2014. In case he gets the second term, the public will have the impression that here is a person who can manage the good of both worlds irrespective of whether it is Congress of BJP.

This further underlines the fact that the National Judiciary Commission has become the need of the hour and it must be introduced sooner than later for the appointment of the judges. So long the immense discretionary powers remains vested in the members of Collegium, there will be no scope of rooting out the corruption. Transparency in the appointment of judges and introduction of technology must be brought about as soon as possible. There is no doubt that is status-quoist will oppose it tooth and nail but for any change, the defeat of status quoism needs to be hardly emphasized.

अभी तक  क्यों अपराजित हैं असद ?


(प्रभातकुमाररॉय)

सीरिया में राष्ट्रपति पद के लिए सपन्न हुए चुनाव में बशर अल असद को फतेहयाब घोषित किया गया।समग्र प्रजातांत्रिक दृष्टि से इस चुनाव का सार्थक अर्थ है, क्योंकि गृहयुद्ध में लिप्त रहे सीरिया में बाथ  पार्टी की एक दलीय तानाशाही व्यवस्था रही, किंतु इस बार राष्ट्पति पद के लिए बहुदलीय चुनाव आयोजित किए गए जिसमें बाथ पार्टी के बशर अल असद का खुला मुकाबला दो अन्य उम्मीदवारों से हुआ।

सीरिया में सन् 2000 में सत्तानशीन हुए राष्ट्रपति बशर अल असद की हुकूमत के विरुद्ध सन् 2011 से अलकायदा से संबद्धित और वहाबी विचारधारा से प्रेरित अलनुसरा और आईएसआईएस जेहादियों का सशस्त्र संग्राम निरंतर जारी रहा है।

अलकायदा से प्रतिबद्ध रही जिस जेहादी तंजीम आईएसआईएस अर्थात इस्लामिक स्टेट ऑफ इराक एंड सीरिया ने इराक में अपनी फतह के झंडे गाड़ दिए, उसी आईएसआईएस के दहशत गर्दों को सीरिया में राष्ट्रपति बशर अल असद की फौज़ के हाथों जबरदस्त शिकस्त का सामना करना पड़ा है। सीरिया के फौजों द्वारा दमिश्क, अल्लापो, रक्का आदि अनेक शहरों से आईएसआईएस और अलनुसरा के जेहादी दहशत गर्दो को खदेड़ दिया गया है।

उल्लेखनीय है कि सीरिया की हुकूमत के विरुद्ध आईएसआईएस के छापामारों को सउदी अरब और कतर की सरकारों से विशाल मात्रा में फौजी और वित्तीय मदद प्राप्त होती रही है। सीरिया की असद हुकूमत को रशिया, चाइना और ईरान का प्रत्यत्क्ष समर्थन हासिल रहा है। प्रारम्भ में प्रतीत हो रहा था कि बशर अल असद का हश्र भी इराक के तानाशाह सद्दाम हुसैन, ईजिप्ट के तानाशाह हुस्नी मुबारक और लीबिया के कर्नल गद्दाफी की तरह ही अंजाम दे दिया जाएगा।

किंतु आश्चर्यजनक तौर पर बशर अल असद पश्चिम एशिया के अरब तानाशाहों के पतन के क्रम में अभी तक अपवाद सिद्ध हुएहैं ।

कट्टर जेहादियों का नृशंस दमन करके जिस तरह बशर अल असद के पिता हाफिज अल असद ने अपनी राजसत्ता को एक निरंकुश तानाशाह की हद तक ताकतवर बनाया था । अपने पिता का अनुगमन करते हुए बशर अल असद ने अपने कट्टरपंथी जेहादियों का जबरदस्त तौर पर दमन किया है। सीरिया के गृहयुद्ध में अभी तक तकरीबन एक लाख लोग मारे जा चुके हैं।

तानाशाही के बरखिलाफ प्रजातंत्र का कथित तौर पर समर्थन करने वाले अमेरिका और पश्चिमी यूरोप के देशों ने सीरिया के तानाशाह बशर अल असद के विरुद्ध कोई फौजी कार्यवाही केवल इसलिए अंजाम नहीं दी, क्योंकि उनके समक्ष बशर-अल-असद को सत्ताच्युत करने का सीधा अर्थ होता कि अलकायदा की कोख से उत्पन्न जेहादी आईएसआईएस को सीरिया में सत्तानशीन कर देना।अफगानिस्तान, इराक और सीरिया में अमेरिकन राजदूत रहे रियान क्राकर ने अमेरिकन सरकार को सलाह पेश की सीरिया में आईएसआईएस को सत्तानशीन करने से कहीं अधिक बेहतर है कि बशर असद की तानाशाही सीरिया में बरकरार बनी रहे। इसके अतिरिक्त रशिया और चाइना जो कि राष्ट्रपति बशर असद की हुकूमत का सहयोगी देश रहेहैं, इन देशों ने भी अमेरिका और उसके सहयोगी पश्चिमी देशों को यह समझाने में कामयाबी हासिल की है कि सीरिया पर आईएसआईएस के आधिपत्य का अर्थ होगा कि समूची दुनिया के लिए अलकायदा का खतरा और अधिक बढ़ जाएगा ।यूएन सिक्योरिटी कॉउंसिल में रशिया और चाइना ने सदैव ही सीरिया में किसी तरह के अंतरराष्ट्रीय सैन्य हस्तक्षेप का जबरदस्त विरोध किया है और किसी तरह के प्रतिबंध आयद करने के प्रस्ताव पर वीटो किया ।

सीरिया के राष्ट्रपति असद सीरियाई समाज के शिया अलवाईट समुदाय से ताल्लुक रखते हैं। सीरिया में शिया समुदाय की तादाद कुल आबादी का मात्र 13 फीसदी है। देश का बहुसंख्यक सुन्नी समुदाय कुल आबादी का तकरीबन 70 फीसदी है। सीरिया में शिया समुदाय के अतिरिक्त अन्य अल्पसंख्यक गुटों में ईसाई और कुर्द समुदाय शामिल हैं। देश के गैर-सुन्नी समुदाय के अल्पसंख्यकों के मध्य खौफ व्याप्त रहा है कि अगर बशर असद का शासन समाप्त हो जाता है तो फिर उनका क्या भविष्य होगा? सीरिया पर सुन्नी कट्टरपंथी आईएसआईएस के आधिपत्य का परिणाम होगा कि अल्पसंख्यक समुदायों का दमन किया जाएगा। भले ही बशर अल असद शिया अलवाइट समुदाय से संबंधित रहे, किंतु बाथ पार्टी से ताल्लुक रखने के कारण उनकी सत्ता का आचरण परम्परागत तौर पर संप्रदाय निरपेक्ष (सेकूलर) रहा है और सभी समुदायों के प्रति राजसत्ता का समान व्यवहार रहा है।

सन् 1970 में सीरिया में जब बाथपार्टी हाफिज-अल-असद की कयादत में सत्तानशीन हुई थी, तो इस्लामिक कट्टरपंथियों ने इसका जबरदस्त विरोध किया था। परिणाम स्वरुप स्वयं को सोशलिस्ट घोषित करने वाली सत्तानशीन बाथ पार्टी द्वारा इस्लामिक कट्टरपंथियों का नृशंतापूर्वक दमन किया गया। सन् 1971 में सीरिया सरकार ने अपने बंदरगाह शहर तारतुस में रशियन नौसैनिक अड्डा बनाने की अनुमति प्रदान करके अमेरिका को अपना प्रबल शत्रु बना लिया था। सोवियत संघ से खात्मे के पश्चात भी सीरिया और रशिया की गहन दोस्ती बदस्तूर कायम बनी रही। सन् 2010 तक रशिया, सीरिया को तकरीबन डेढ अरब डॉलर के हथियार प्रदान कर चुका था। 2012 में भी रूस, सीरिया को चार अरब डॉलर के हथियार देने का समझौता कर चुका है। 4 फरवरी, 2012 को संयुक्त राष्ट्र सुरक्षा परिषद में सीरिया के खिलाफ प्रतिबंध प्रस्ताव चीन और रूस द्वारा वीटो कर दिए जाने के कारण पास नहीं हो सका। सीरिया के गृहयुद्ध में अमेरिका और उसके सहयोगी यूरोपीय राष्ट्रों के समक्ष एक तरफ कुंआ है तो दूसरी तरफ खाई है। अमेरिका बशर-अल-असद को तो सत्ता से हटाना चाहता है, किंतु सत्ता अलकायदा से भी अधिक खतरनाक बन चुके आईएसआईस के हाथों में चली जाए ऐसी स्थिति अमेरिका भी कदापि नहीं चाहता। यही कारण है कि अमेरीका ने कोई सैन्य कार्यवाही सीरिया सरकार के विरुद्ध अंजाम नहीं दी है। वस्तुतः यही कारण है कि बशर अल असद अभी तक अपराजित है।

बेशुमार पैट्रो डालर खर्च करने वाले अमेरिका के पिठ्ठू देश सऊदी अरब की वहाबी विचारधारा की राजनीति के लिए सीरिया एक प्रयोगशाला बन गया है। सऊदी अरब और कतर की सीरिया में बहुत दिलचस्पी है। इराक  में जीत भले अमेरिका की हुई, लेकिन वहां भी शियाओं को सत्ता में शिरकत मिल गई। ईरान की सरहद इराक  से मिलती है और इराक  की सीरिया से। राजसत्ता के इस शिया त्रिकोण को अरब की राजनीति में सऊदी अरब बिलकुल मंजूर नहीं कर सका। ईरान पर दबाव बनाने के लिए सऊदी अरब को यह आवश्यक प्रतीत होता है कि सीरिया में बशर अल असद को सत्ताच्युत किया जाए। सऊदी अरब को सीरिया में धर्मनिरपेक्ष व्यवस्था पसंद नहीं। सऊदी अरब शासकों के लिए कट्टर सुन्नी सत्ता की स्थापना ही एक मकसद रहा है।

अरब बसंत अमेरिका विरोधी माने जाने वाले देशों अथवा सऊदी अरब की वहाबी विचारधारा के अनुरूप नचलने वाले देशों में आकर ही क्यों खत्म हो गया?  यह कौन-सा अरब बसंत है जो राजशाही वाले अरब देशों में अपनी बहार नहीं लाता अथवा वहाबी विचारधारा वाले सुन्नी राष्ट्रों में प्रजातंत्र के फूल नहीं खिलाता?  राजशाही लेकिन वहाबी विचारधारा वाले राष्ट्र अभी तक शांत  और सुरक्षित रहे हैं, चाहे वह खुद सऊदी अरब हो या फिर संयुक्त अरबअमीरात,  कतर, बहरीन और कुवैत। लेकिन आधुनिक, धर्मनिरपेक्ष और गैर-सुन्नी, गैर-वहाबी राष्ट्र गृहयुद्धों में तबाह हो गए हैं। संपूर्ण अरब जगत के लिए यह आत्ममंथन का दौर है। एक दलीय तानाशाही के साथ धर्मनिरपेक्ष आधुनिक देश संचालित नहीं हो पाएंगे और कट्टरपंथी वहाबी विचारधारा से लैस राष्ट्र अल्पसंख्यकों समुदायों साथ कदाचितन्याय नहीं कर पाएंगे। ‘अरब बसंत’ का असली मकसद तो तभी हासिल होगा, जबकि अरब राष्ट्रों में सच्चे जनतंत्र की स्थापना हो जाए और आम जनमानस राजसत्ता में अपनी भागीदारी महसूस कर सकें।

(पूर्व सदस्य नेशनल सिक्योरिटी एडवाइजरी कॉउंसिल)

 

 

 

 

यूगोस्लाविया के हश्र तक न पंहुचे कहीं इराक?


(प्रभात कुमार रॉय)

इराक में जारी गृहयुद्ध को लेकर भारत में भी बड़ी चिंताजनक स्थिति व्याप्त हो गई है। शिकस्त खाती हुई इराक की फौज़ एक के बाद एक इलाके को विद्रोही आईएसआईस के दहशतगर्दो के हाथों गंवाती जा रही है। इराक की एक कारोबारी कंपनी में कार्यरत भारतीय नागरिकों के अपहरण ने चिंताजनक स्थिति को और भी अधिक संगीन बना दिया है। इराक में तकरीबन उन्नीस हजार भारतीय कार्यरत हैं। भारत अपनी आवश्यकता का करीब एक चौथाई तेल इराक से आयात किया करता रहा है। इराक के गृहयुद्ध में यदि और अधिक तेजी आती है तो तेल उत्पादन पर बहुत बुरा असर पड़ सकता है। इराक का गृहयुद्ध पहले से लड़खड़ाई हुई भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था के लिए भी अत्यंत संकटपूर्ण साबित हो सकता है। सोवियत संघ के पराभव के तत्पश्चात 1991 में विश्व की एकमात्र ध्रुवीय विश्वशक्ति बनकर उभरे अमेरिका ने सद्दाम हुसैन को निर्णायक तौर पर शिकस्त दी और कुवैत को इराक के आधिपत्य से मुक्त कराया था। इराक में न्यूक्लियर अस्त्रों की मौजूदगी का बहाना बनाकर अमेरिका द्वारा 2003 में इराक पर पुनः आक्रमण किया गया और सद्दाम हुसैन को सत्ता से बेदखल किया। किंतु निरंतर आठ वर्षो का अमेरिकन आधिपत्य इराक में शांतिपूर्ण लोकतांत्रिक सत्ता की स्थापना करने में पूर्णतः विफल रहा। बहुत बेहतर होता कि इराक में निष्पक्ष आम चुनाव कराने के पश्चात ही अमेरिकन फौज इराक को अलविदा कहती और एक लोकतांत्रिक राष्ट्र के तौर पर इराक के सभी समुदाय अमन-ओ-चैन से तरक्की कर पाते। किंतु बेहद खुदगर्ज राष्ट्र अमेरिका से यह उम्मीद करना तो एकदम व्यर्थ था। अमेरिका ने अपने राष्ट्रीय हितों की खातिर इराक में फौजी दखंलदाजी अंजाम दी और अपने हितों को साधता हुआ वहां से पलायन कर गया। आज जबकि फिर से इराक की हुकूमत चीखकर अमेरिकी को इमदाद करने के लिए पुकार रही है तो अमेरिका अपने तीन सौ फौजी सलाहकार भेजकर अपने दायित्व की इतिश्री कर रहा है।

इराक में जारी गृहयुद्ध में चार सवाल खासतौर पर उभरे हैं। बागी तंजीम आईएसआईस कौन सी ताकतें मदद कर रही हैं। इराक के गृहयुद्ध का आखिरकार किसे फायदा होगा। इराक पर आईएसआईस का आधिपत्य हो गया तो इसका क्या राजनीतिक मुस्तकबिल होगा। इराक के गृहयुद्ध का दुनिया के तेल बाजार पर क्या प्रभाव होगा।

आईएसआईएस यानी इस्लामिक स्टेट ऑफ ‘इराक़ और सीरिया नामक तंजीम दरअसल एक कट्टरपंथी वहाबी तंजीम है, जोकि इराक पर अमेरिकी आक्रमण के बाद इराक में उभरे अलकायदा से संबद्ध रही। आईएसआईएस चाहती है कि इन्हें ‘सुन्नी’ तंजीम करार दिया जाए। सुन्नी समुदाय के नाम पर संचालित तंजीम आईएसआईएस अमेरिका परस्त सत्तानशीन शिया लीडरों की संकीर्ण सियायत के कारण अत्यंत ताकतवर हो उठी है। मुजाहिदीन शूरा कौंसिल, जैश-ए-फातिहीन, जुंद अलसहाबा, कतबिया अंसार अलतौहीद और जैश अलतायफा अलमंसूरा आदि तंजीमों के नौजवान लड़ाकों को अली अब्दुल्लाह अलरशीद अलबगदादी उर्फ अबू अलकुरैशी अलबगदादी ने आईएसआईएस के परचम के तहत एकजुट किया था। बताया जाता है कि अलबगदादी सात साल पहले मारा गया, लेकिन उसे देखा किसी ने नहीं है। तो क्या अलबगदादी एक गढ़ा गया चरित्र है?

हम जो आजकल इराक-सीरिया के गृहयुद्ध में देख रहे हैं वह इस्लाम के भीतर विद्यमान शक्तियों के मध्य जारी हिंसक संघर्ष है। सदियों पुरानी सांप्रदायिक नफरत और दुश्मनी को साम्रज्यवादी शक्तियों ने बाकायदा साजिशन हवा दी और अत्याधुनिक हथियार देकर ताकतवर बनाया है। सोवियत-अफगान युद्ध के दौर में अमेरिका द्वारा पाकिस्तान के सहयोग से अलकायदा को अफगानिस्तान में ताकतवर बनाया गया था। इराक की सरजमीं पर द इस्लामिक स्टेट ऑफ इराक एंड सीरिया (आईएसआईएस) तंजीम का उदय भी अलकायदा के गर्भ से ही हुआ है। अमेरिकी फौजों के इराक से पलायन कर जाने के बाद यह आशंका व्यक्त की ही जा रही थी, अलकायदा इराक में गृहयुद्ध का आग़ाज कर सकता है। इसके लक्षण कई माह पहले ही नजर आने लगे थे, जबकि अल कायदा की प्रबल मौजूदगी के कारण इराक के रामादी और फालुजा जैसे शहरों में सांप्रदायिक हिंसा भड़क उठी थी। सीरिया में जारी गृहयुद्ध ने उत्तरी इराक में अलकायदा को यह अवसर फराहम कराया कि वहाबी कट्टरपंथी तंजीमों को एकजुट करके तकरीबन बीस हजार जंगजू दहशतगर्दों से लैस आईएसआईएस सरीखी खतरनाक तंजीम की तशकील कर सका। सर्वविदित है कि आईएसआईएस को सीधी फौजी और वित्तीय इमदाद सऊदी अरब से हासिल हो रही है, जोकि अमेरिका का विशिष्ट सहयोगी देश रहा है। कुछ वर्ष पूर्व जिस तरह से अफगान और पाकिस्तान युद्ध का विलय हो गया था, तकरीबन उसी तर्ज पर इराक, सीरिया और लेबनान युद्धों का विलय एक ही युद्ध के तौर पर हो गया है।

इराक में अमेरिकन फौजों की मौजूदगी में बाथ पार्टी का भी पूर्णरुपेण पतन हो गया था और अंततः इराक की राजसत्ता अमेरिका परस्त शक्तियों के हाथों में आ गई, जिन्होने संकीर्ण सांप्रदायिक राजनीति का संचालन करते हुए इराक के सुन्नी संप्रदाय को सत्ता प्रतिष्ठान से एकदम अगल थलग करने की साजिश अंजाम दी। सीरिया के संघर्ष में भी अमेरिकन उदासीनता के कारणवश शिया अलावाइट की ताकत में जबरदस्त इजाफा हुआ और सीरिया का राष्ट्रपति असद अजेय बनकर उभरा। ईरान-हिजबुल्ला-अलावाइट-इराक (सारे शिया या शिया छटा वाले) धुरी ने पश्चिमी अफगानिस्तान से लेकर मध्यपूर्व के पूर्वी हिस्से तक शिया शक्तियों की पकड़ मजबूत की है। समस्त क्षेत्र में शिया शक्तियों के शनैः शनैः शक्तिशाली होते चले जाने की स्थिति को सऊदी अरब के कट्टरपंथी शासक बरदाश्त नहीं कर पा रहे थे, अतः बहाबी कट्टरपंथियों को उन्होने पूरी ताकत से इमदाद फराहम की। अब उत्तरी इराक में वहाबी ताकतों के प्रबल उदय से इराक में शिया प्रभुत्व को गंभीर खतरा पैदा हुआ है। अमेरिका द्वारा प्रशिक्षित इराकी फौज परास्त होती हुई प्रतीत हो रही है। इस जटिल स्थिति में विभिन्न वैचारिक छटाओं वाले अनेक खिलाड़ी पैदा हो गए हैं और इसके कारण संयुक्त अरब अमीरात, तुर्की, सऊदी अरब और खुद अमेरिका अलग-अलग गुटों को समर्थन दे रहे हैं। हालांकि अल कायदा से जुड़े आईएसआईएस के ताकतवर विद्रोही गुट के रूप में उभरने से अब इन देशों को अपने समर्थन पर फिर विचार करना होगा। आईएसआईएस की फतह का इराक और सीरिया की स्थिति पर निर्णायक प्रभाव पड़ेगा।

तेल पर आधिपत्य स्थापित करने के अमेरिकन साम्रज्यवाद की खूनी साजिशों में इंसानियत रौदी जा रही है। संकीर्ण संप्रादायिकता को हथियार प्रदान करके साम्रज्यवादियों ने सदैव भाई से भाई को कत्ल कराया है। सन् 680 करबला में इमाम हुसैन का नवाज अदा करते हुए सजदे में कत्ल किया गया था। जालिम यजीद की रवायतें आज भी नए रंग-ढ़ंग में जारी है, सिर्फ राजनीतिक दौर और अंदाज-ए-हुकुमत बदल गया है। अमेरिकन परस्त शिया हुकूमत का कट्टरपंथ समाप्त हुए बिना आईएसआईएस के वहाबी कट्टरपंथ को कदाचित खत्म नहीं किया जा सकेगा। इराक में सुन्नी और शिया समुदाय सदियों सदियों से शांतिपूर्ण बंधुत्व के साथ रहे हैं और राजसत्ता में भी साझीदार रहे हैं। इराक में गृहयुद्ध का मुक्म्मल खात्मा तभी मुमकिन हो सकेगा, जबकि इराक में सही अर्थ में सच्चे जनवाद की स्थापना हो जाए और सभी संप्रदायों के नागरिकों का प्रतिनिधित्व करने वाली और सभी के साथ न्याय करने वाली लोकतांत्रिक हुकूमत कायम हो जाए। संकीर्ण सांप्रदायिकता किस तरह से किसी राष्ट्र को नेस्तोनाबूद कर सकती है इस नजारे का दुनिया एक दौर में शक्तिशाली रहे राष्ट्र यूगोस्लाविया में दीदार कर चुकी है, जोकि सांप्रदायिक गृहयुद्ध के कारण अनेक देशों में तकसीम हो चुका है। यही खौफ सता रहा कि कहीं सांप्रदायिक जंग इराक को भी उसी हश्र तक न पंहुचा दे, जहांकि यूगोस्लाविया पंहुच गया था।

(पूर्व सदस्य नेशनल सिक्योरिटी एडवाइजरी कॉउंसिल)

 

 

Vaidik -Saeed meeting cries for satisfactory answers


By: Parmanand Pandey, General Secretary IPC

Meeting of Shri Ved Pratap Vaidik with terrorist Hafiz Saeed of in Lahore, the other day, has caused lot of furore across India. The reasons for indignation and hullabaloo over this meeting are very valid and genuine. The terrorist Hafiz Saeed was the mastermind of 26/11 Mumbai terror attack of 2008 which resulted into killing of nearly 200 innocent lives. Among those who were killed were tourists; who were staying in famous Taj Mahal Hotel near the Gateway of India, journalists, police officers etc. All terrorists, except one Mohammad Azmal Kasab, who caused death and devastation in Bombay, were killed. The arrest of terrorist Kasab was the major achievement of Indian forces, which established beyond all doubt that it was the handiwork of the ISI and its henchmen like Md. Hafiz Saeed.  Pakistan was always in the denial mode saying that it had nothing to do with Mumbai terror attack .Pakistan even shed crocodile tears by joining the chorus of condemnation coming from all over the world.

Nevertheless, the deception and the acting of Pakistan were exposed when Intelligence Agencies of the world unambiguously pointed out that the terror attack was planed and executed from Pakistan. The person, who was guilty of this heinous crime, was Mohammed Hafiz Saeed, who has always been living in multi layered protective cover of the ISI.

United State of America said that Hafiz Saeed get all support from Mullahs and Military of Pakistan. He has been declared by the UN as an international terrorist and carries the bounty of 10 million dollar on his head, which comes to INR 60 crore and Rs.100 crore in Pakistani currency. The lies of Pakistan were further nailed when Kasab gave all details during his trial.

This is, however, different matter. The issue here is whether Shri  Vaidik was justified in meeting the terrorist, who has been spewing venom  against India day in and day out. If Mr. vaidik met him in the capacity of journalists, which he is claiming to, then ther5e is nothing wrong in it because journalists have been meeting dacoits, terrorists, dictators and dreaded persons like Hitler, Musolini and Ayatolla Khumeini. The purpose of such meetings and interviews has been to know the mind, objectives and modus operendi of such cruel and perverted persons. However, the meeting of Shri Vaidik was most appalling, to say the least.Mr. Vaidik did meet alone, without any evidence. He did not take any note of the interview nor did he carry any audio / video tape of his interview.

What is even more shocking is that he started giving solution to the Kashmir problem surrendering the interests of India. He went to the extent of suggesting that both sides of Kashmir should be allowed to merge and be declared independent of India and Pakistan. This is outrageous and outlandish suggestion, which needs to be decried and deprecated by every India. It is against the spirit of the constitution and the resolution of Indian Parliament. Moreover, who is Shri Vaidik to offer this suggestion on behalf of the Indian Government of India and people of India? Who authorized him to propose such bizarre opinion to that despicable terrorist and the enemy of India?

What, therefore, Shri Vaidik did in his meeting with that scum Saeed was nothing but un-journalistic, anti Indian and unbecoming of any sane person, who has shown complete insensitivity to the people of India and particularly to those families, whose near dears lost their lives in the terror attack.

Shri Vaidik is a known braggart and namedropper. He claims proximity with every Indian Prime Minister after 1977 cutting across political spectrum. Nobody knows the reality but the fact is that of late, he became very close to Baba Ram Dev. But see his ludicrous question to Saeed that if Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi  visits Pakistan- will you welcome him or not? Who is that idiot to welcome Modi? Why should any Indian, much less Shri Modi, expect any welcome from that criminal? Apart from he asked he wanted get silly information about his marriages and wives. He has not given any satisfactory answer as to0 facilitated his meeting with Saeed? These are the nagging questions, which need to be answered by Shri Vaidik, otherwise his conduct woulfd continue to be under reproach.

Transparency and Technology in Economics and Government


 By: Shreepal Singh

Transparency is the key. Transparency through technology is the key. Transparency about the cost incurred in producing a consumer item and the price at which it is being sold, is the key. Transparency in electing and recalling public representatives in democratic self-governance is the key. Transparency through technology is the key to all modern problems of inequity, unemployment, violence and public discontent, wars being fought over securing natural resources and unrest among humanity at large.

Our civilization is plagued with discontent and unrest. Things have gone to the extreme, as if they are about to burst open. Living the life is not an enjoyment, it is a mechanical ticking of time by strictly adhering to a routine; despite so much scientific and technological progress, unemployment of general public is looming large; desperation born out of the reasons that are inbuilt in the way we live today (our civilization) is reflected in the global violence under the color of different names.

The key to solve all these problems is: bring transparency by adopting modern technology of information in the matters of economy and governance. Let us see why it is necessary and how it can be done.

There are certain things, which are true and which we cannot brush aside while considering human society. This is so in the field of humans’ economic activities also. We know that economics is founded on common humans’ biological needs and psychological make-up. Humans are forced to indulge in economic activities by their needs. They by their make-up have an inbuilt basic instinct of always working to ensure their survival.

This instinct of always working to ensure survival has a very wide spectrum. At the one end lies the base instinct of physical survival and at the other the instinct of propagating of oneself by multiplication. Between these two ends, there are all sorts of things like dominance, jealousy etc. by which ordinary humans are moved in their day-to-day behavior.

All persons are not equal in the matters of physical or mental capacity; in the matters of education and mental development; in the matters of economic and financial circumstances; in the matters of owning natural or man-made resources or wealth; in the matters of psychological make-up and personal qualities. All humans have variance of more or less and higher or lower in these matters of qualities and circumstances, which may be inborn, acquired by efforts, got by the quirk of chance or circumstances.

The miniscule number of persons in any given society at any time are found to possess better education, more mental and other personal initiative qualities/capabilities, better economic circumstances, more wealth. A very large number of persons in any given society at any time are found to possess lessor education, mental and other personal initiative qualities/capabilities, worse economic and circumstantial conditions, less or even no wealth.

And, we humans live in an organized society and throughout most part of our civilization there has been turmoil in this society, our collective living. Because individual humans are different in many respects, and most of the time these differences are not mere differences but antagonistic to each other in the daily pursuits of individuals, the society is afflicted with the curse of violence and disorder. Humankind is what it is today – civilized, intelligent, sensible, prudent – only because our race has evolved out of the animal state; because we have experienced and learnt many things during our long, very long, evolutionary journey; because we humans have paid the price – undergone hardships, suffered diseases and wants – during this long journey.

Today, we know we need peace; we need order; we need justice and equity in our mutual relations. How can it be achieved in our society, which is full of conflict of interests? We have evolved a great political institution – democracy – to settle these contentious issues in a peaceful manner. But given the human nature – the selfish and the greedy human nature – we have reduced this political institution called democracy to almost naught in resolving our conflicts in equitable manner. How this political device has been rendered ineffective?

The uneducated and ignorant vast majority of ordinary persons, suffering under adverse economic and circumstantial conditions cannot and do not vote wisely in the matter of democratic self governance. The miniscule number of persons possessing better education, personal qualities, economic means, circumstantial conditions wisely use/misuse the votes of ignorant/uneducated majority in the matter of democratic self governance and perpetuate their privileges/advantageous conditions.

It is a vicious circle: the better placed ones , enhance their betterment and the worse placed ones, move from worse to worst. This vicious circle cannot be broken by the ordinary democratic means/process.

History has seen that this vicious circle was a few decades ago broken to a great extent by the use of force/violence in the so-called Communist revolutions. But history has also seen that the persons who lead the breaking-up of this vicious circle by the use of force/violence were themselves educated, mentally more endowed and capable. Though they broke the capitalist democratic vicious circle but they replaced it with a system that perpetuated their privileges/ better conditions. In the bargain, though the vast majority of persons moved from worse to good economic conditions, they were coerced to work under violence and turned into mentally slaved. Is there any way out of this quagmire?

Yesterday it was not possible to break this vicious circle except by the use of force but today it is possible to break this circle by the use of information technology.

This vicious circle can be broken by the use of information technology in two ways: Firstly, the people have a right to information in the matter of the cost of production of commodities / services and the price at which these commodities / services are being sold to the consumers. The information technology can be used to inform the public in this regard under the pains of law. There cannot be any excuse or justification on the part of the manufacturers to deny this information to the public because the production is not a private affair of the manufacturer; the production of commodities / provision of services is a public affair in which nation’s resources, employees’ work, government’s efforts are involved. It could be made mandatory by law under heavy penalty for the manufacturers to put on day-to-day basis on company’s website the cost incurred under different heads for the audit of the society, like salary paid to each of his workmen, rate at which raw material is purchased etc. Such information provided to the public will not only put the manufacturer under the public gaze and social scrutiny, it will also safeguard the interests of all the stake-holders of the manufacturing process, like government’s tax collection, employees’ welfare measures, availability of commodities at the reasonable rates to the public etc. Secondly, the information technology can be used in the matter of the democratic self-governance. Such a measure will obviate the need, justification or reason on the part of the adversely effected humanity to resort to force or violence, which has plagued the human history hitherto.

Let us use this alternative and now available means to break this vicious circle of capitalist democratic self-governance and to bring the people’s direct democratic self-governance by the adoption of modern info technology. Let this direct democracy be made the public cry of any and every mass movement.

Let us see how the capitalist democratic economy works in its operation. A person is motivated to engages him or her in productive work only  under psychological influence of either incentive or of coercion. Work done under the influence of coercion is against the natural urge of freedom and cannot compete in long run with the work freely done under the influence of incentive, either in its quality or quantity. Incentive is better work-motivator for moving the society on the path of progress.

But the right to reap unlimited/unchecked amount of profit by way of providing incentive to work produces side effects/ill effects in the society by way of the  accumulation of resources and wealth in a few hands in the form of monopolies and cartels. It is unethical and breeds rampant iniquities among different unequal sections of humans in a given society.

In producing commodities and services, incentive is only one of the many factors involved in the process.

For production of commodities/ services, needed elements are: natural resources; human resources; technology/machines; security guaranteed by state institutions; capital; initiative to put these elements in productive mode.

All these elements are transformed into one thing that is sold – and sold with profit – in the market: this one thing is commodity/service with the value of commodity. Out of all these elements , natural resources, human resources, technology/machine made possible by a long chain of productive work, security guaranteed by the state exclusively belong to society/public and not to any private individual possessing capital and initiative.

The capital and initiative elements of productive work need to be offered incentive in the form of profit by the institutions of a society. As the major elements belong to public and only two minor elements of capital and initiative belong to private individuals, the amount of profit earned out of the sale of commodities/services, in view of intelligent ethical norms and equities, must be shared rationally between society/public and private individual: rationally, say public must get 90% and private individual 10%.

Who is to manage this arrangement, audit the accounts of the production/sale/profit of the venture? And, who is to guarantee the survival of this arrangement?

It is the state; but the state is corrupt and historically has failed to discharge this function.

But now solution to the problem of corruption/opaque of state is provided by the new info technology in the form of technologically empowering people to constantly elect, monitor, recall, re-elect their agents/representatives who form and run the state. The people must be empowered through technology; state must be constantly refreshed/constituted; state must primarily function as accountants of wealth generated and secondarily as the keeper/guarantor of its continuance by keeping military, police, judiciary, jail etc.

Capitalist/private economic system is not self-sustaining in the long run on our planet. It over exploits earth’s resources; it endangers the environment to a fatal point. It fosters fierce competition and breeds violence as a necessary element in the mechanism of progress. It  promotes unnecessary consumerism and imposes burden on Earth’s limited resources, like water, land, forests, fauna and folio biosphere. It creates inequities in an overdrive rate among different sections of humans and then, in inefficient manner, adopts philanthropy as a fire-fighting measure. In its bid to promote consumption, it spoils cultural ambiance and thus impedes  healthy human progress. It brings into being inequities creating conditions for social conflicts. In its bid to acquire more and more resources, it creates conditions for national wars. In the age of technology that makes the production of commodities/services automatic/robotic/machine driven, it makes the total unemployment of masses a reality.

Incentive of profit and pursuit of more and more profit, elimination of human resource in the production process by automation, create a vicious circle of human miseries  at global level. It is an unsustainable and unnatural economic system.

In the present age, it becomes a crime against humanity. It becomes sinister in the religious sense. It becomes irrational in the scientific sense. It becomes unethical towards Earth’s inhabitants other than humans. It becomes a threat to the survival of life on Earth.

 

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