Indian People’s Congress in 2014 in review

The stats helper monkeys prepared a 2014 annual report for this blog. Here’s an excerpt:

A San Francisco cable car holds 60 people. This blog was viewed about 2,500 times in 2014. If it were a cable car, it would take about 42 trips to carry that many people…… More?

Click here to see the complete report.

Subhash Chandra Bose – Correct the Indian history

By: Shreepal Singh

Being brilliant in many spheres of human endeavor, India as a nation has been a colossal failure in many others. One such failure is its sense of history. It is not only the absence of cleanliness and all-pervading culture of hypocrisy that have been plaguing this country; there is also a complete loss of the sense here of putting the history in correct perspectives. It is not a nationalist call for an Indo-centric academic effort; it is a call for resorting to industry to go and find out the real facts so that the history is put in right perspective for the coming generations of this country.

There are historians in this country who have spent their life-time in cultivating their brand-names by finding out things of trivial historical importance, like ‘it was a fact’ that during the Rig-Vedic period Aryans (or modern equivalent of Hindus) were not vegetarians but ate meat'; that 'it was a fact' that for a few centuries before and after the beginning of Christian era Hindus persecuted Buddhists’ in India; or, that so-called ‘upper caste Hindus’ had been ‘socially tormenting the lower caste Shudras’ for millenniums, etc. In fact, these pseudo-historians are the foot-soldiers of the imperialists’ Grand Design – the imperialists who are the modern Avatar of the yore against whom Bose had fought and their Grand Design of ‘Breaking India’.

The history relating to Subhash Chandra Bose, his ‘Azad Hind Fauz’ and the heroic battle of this army with the army of the British rulers of India has been distorted by the acts of obliteration, omission and commission. It is still happening in India, which is free now.

You just have a look at the material available on the internet that is related to the battle of INA with the British forces at Imphal and Kohima in Nagaland and you will find out how the history has been distorted. These battles have been narrated as the Japanese aggression against mainland India, where the British forces fought their “Stalingrad of the East” war against the enemy-aggressors. There is no whisper of the word INA and the sacrifices made by the Indian soldiers under the command of Netaji.

Was it indeed the Japanese aggression? Or, was it an assault on the British rulers of India under the leadership of Netaji with the assistance of Japanese? Historian Giles Mac Donough wrote a book ‘A Good German: Adam Von Trott solz’ about the real happenings in Germany under the rule of Adolph Hitler and how some people were resisting the Furer under the Nazi rule. Before writing this book, Giles made an extensive research into the subject. He met individuals who had first-hand information of the events and poured into the available records to put the history straight. How many of the Indian historians took the pains to go to Kohima in Nagaland and to Japan to get a first-hand information about this battle; looked into the Japanese military / archives records to count the heads of Indians of INA or of Japanese who had fought that battle; and call the bluff of this battle as a Japanese aggression?

By this distorted history of INA and its battle with the British forces in India, we are being ashamed of Bose and his INA.

You go to this website and see that on the “Kohima War Cemetary” reads an epithet in honor of a British soldier who laid down his life in this battle: “When you go home, tell them of us and say, For your tomorrow, we gave our today”. Did no Indian soldier of INA under the command of Bose lay down his life for the cause of India in this battle? There is no place in free India for Indians for a War Memorial of those who fought and laid down their lives in this battle.

You visit these website to find out how the history has been distorted by omitting role or reference to INA and Bose:

(1) Wikipedia

(2) This website

(3) Wikipedia

Indeed, the history of India written in the last 60 years does not commemorate the sons and daughters of this country who laid down their lives for the cause of their mother land.

A single betrayal of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose – That changed the Indian history forever

By: Shreepal Singh

There is a discrete spot, almost unknown to the general public in India, in Kohima in Nagaland. It is known as “Kohima War Cemetary”. Today, it is a beautiful  memorial amid dense jungles. It is a place where even now the bigwigs of British military authorities on important anniversary days come to pay their respects to their comrades who lay dead there.

It was the spot where on 4th April to 22 June 1944 the British forces – mostly comprising Indian soldiers – fought their second World War’s deadliest battle with a small number of “Azad Hind Fauz” soldiers, who were fighting their adversaries with ill-equipped in firing weapons, without any support of air power, under-nourished without any supply lines from behind the front and in a terrain full of leeches and other poisonous crawling insects. Most of these ‘Azad Hind Fauz’ (Indian National Army) soldiers were erstwhile POWs (Prisoners of war) who were Indians, had fought on behalf of the British against the Japanese forces and on being defeated had surrendered to the Japanese. While being held as POW in many places in Indochina War Theater, they had been won over to the cause of ‘Mother India’ by the inspiring addresses of Subhash Chandra Bose, dearly called Netaji. This time, these Indians were fighting against the British for their mother land. In this war, they were high in spirit but low on material. The mantra – the slogan – that Netaji gave them was: ‘You give me your blood, I will give you your freedom’ (Tum mujhe khoon do, mein tumeh azadi dunga).

The British military authorities’ representatives do not come to this place on commemoration day vaingloriously to remember and pay tribute to just ‘some of their fallen comrades out of the many millions’, who had fought and sacrificed their lives in WW II. The British forces had fought many deadly battles – to the last drop of the blood – against the German, Italian and Japanese forces on many fronts. It is admitted by the British military historians that the battle their forces fought with ‘Azad Hind Fauz’ on the Indo-Burma border was the most fierce among all.The Battles of Kohima and Imphal were recently voted the “Greatest ever battles involving the British.”  It is also known as the “Stalingrad of The East.”

It is related by some of the veterans of the Netaji’s ‘Azad Hind Fauz’ that they had fought the British-Indian forces in a situation where their bullets of rifles had exhausted, there was no possibility of replenishing the ammunition, there was no food and they had to cook leeches, scorpions etc. on the make-shift ‘stone’ oven, when the British airplanes were relentlessly raining bombs on them, there was no possibility for calling the help from the Japanese Imperial Air Force. By all military accounts, the fate of ‘Azad Hind Fauz’ was sealed; it was doomed. Still, the soldiers of Netaji’s force were determined to fight; their spirit was soaring high: ‘Victory or death’. The victorious INA  had marched from Burma to Manipur and then into Kohima in Nagaland. The soldiers of INA had broken the resistance of the British forces, defeated them and entered as a victorious Indian National Army in Port Blair of Andaman and Nicobar islands. The Army opened the gates of Cellular Jail there and set all prisoners confined by the British government free. It was a piece of free India. But it was proved so free only for a moment.

Why did this particular battle in this ‘commemorative place’ in Kohima happen to be the ‘most deadly’ of all the battles that the British fought during the entire Second World War? Was this battle won by the British-Indian forces against ‘Azad Hind Fauz’ on account of their bravery – or of the superiority of their weapons? Imagine for a moment: ‘Azad Hind Fauz’ was not defeated in this battle; after conquering Andaman and Nicobar Islands, this army moved victoriously to the mainland India. It was a dreaded scenario for the British rulers of India. Had this happened, the people in the length and the breadth of India would have risen in unison to support and help this Indian National Army built and nurtured by a popular leader called Nataji. Then, what would have happened to the Indian National Congress and its leaders, who were busy negotiating with the British rulers over the fate of India? Perhaps no further imagination is necessary to visualize the consequences that this country would have undergone under a government formed with the power of ‘Azad Hind Fauz’ and under the leadership of Bose. Today India would have been a different country. Its history of the last 60 years would have been altogether a different story.

But is it not a fig of imagination only? How could Netaji’s INA win this fateful battle against the better equipped British forces? And, there was atomic bomb attack on the Japanese Imperial Forces, which forced them to surrender; what Bose and his INA could have done without the support of the Japanese under these circumstances? Indeed, the atomic assault by U.S.A. on the Japanese cities brought that country on its knees and any assistance or even support of the Japanese to ‘Azad Hind Fauz’ was after that moment out of the question. But it is also borne out by the historical records that despite the losses suffered by INA at the hands of the British at this spot and surrender of Japan, the soldiers of ‘Azad Hind Fauz’ refused to retreat back from the fighting front; Bose in the name of his authority as the Commander-in-Chief of INA had to address, persuade and direct them to retreat by saying, ‘We have not been defeated; another day will come when we will again assemble to fight’. In our imagination, the day the victorious ‘Azad Hind Fauz’ under the direct leadership of Bose would have entered mainland India, it would have been a war within India without any concern with Japan and her defeat.

We again put the question: “Why did this particular battle in this ‘commemorative place’ in Kohima happen to be the ‘most deadly’ of all the battles that the British fought during the entire Second World War?” It was so because the British rulers had been given an information in advance of the planned attack on them by INA of Netaji and the British forces had sufficiently prepared for the anticipated assault on them. In the art of war the elements of surprise, deception, information, strategy based on information etc. are more lethal than weapons in deciding the outcome of a war. Bose had lost this crucial battle (that sealed the fate of this country) because he had been betrayed by one of his confidante.

This modern ‘Jaichand’ was the person who had helped Bose in Kabul (Afghanistan) after his escape from India by arranging his stay in Kabul and his onward journey to the Soviet Union. The name of this person was Bhagat Ram Talwar.

Bhagat Ram Talwar was a prominent member of an organization called ‘Kriti Kishan’ and this Kriti Kishan was a front organization of Communist Party of India. Bhagat Ram Talwar was based in Kabul and had a house there where he arranged the stay of Bose. Being a prominent member of an organization of Communist Party of India,  Bhagat Ram Talwar was in regular communication with the ambassador of Soviet Union to Afghanistan stationed in Kabul. It was Bhagat Ram Talwar who had arranged a visa for Bose in a fictitious name and had arranged for the Bose’s entry into Soviet Union through an Afghanistan-Russian land-route border (once inside Russia, Bose had safely taken an airplane for further journey). It was only because of Bhagat Ram Talwar’s link with the Soviet ambassador that Bose’s arrival in Russia was within the knowledge of Joseph Stalin and Bose was enabled to put his idea / proposal to fight the British in India with the help of Soviet Union (of course, this proposal of Bose was not accepted by Stalin and he was allowed to go to Germany for his cause).

But Bhagat Ram Talwar was a very cunning and treacherous person. He was regularly getting money from the Soviet ambassador for providing information to him, which work is called espionage. Once he knew the utility of his work, he cultivated links with the German representative in Kabul and started getting money from him as well. As if this was not enough, he volunteered his services to the British representative based in Kabul. Now he was master of the trade and triple-agent / counter agent of three great powers of the world. The British intelligence officials in London allotted this Bhagat Ram Talwar a code name ‘Silver’. Today information technology has made it possible for people to have access to the information that was out of the bound previously. This ‘Silver’ or Bhagat Ram Talwar had installed transmitting machines in his house that directly linked him to the officials of Adolph Hitler in Berlin. He was such a willy person that while getting money from all the three great powers of the world, none of them was aware of his counter intelligence. He raked money from all the three and befooled all of them.

Historical Dictionary of British Intelligence by Nigel West at page 542 states about Bhagat Ram Talwar thus, “Silver. The D Division codename for Bhagat Ram Talwar, a 32-year-old Hindu and committed member of Kirti Kishan, the Communist Party of India (CPI), whose brother had been hanged in 1931 for assassinating a British official before World War II. In January 1941, Ram had played a role in the escape of the notorious Indian nationalist, Subhash Chandra Bose, from his house arrest in Calcutta to Afghanistan and then to Germany, but as his loy-(ality?…..)”

As Bhagat Ram Talwar had created a great impression on Bose by his ability to enable him (Bose) to communicate with Stalin, he enjoyed his complete trust and confidence. Bose considered Bhagat Ram Talwar his own man helping the cause of India. During World War II the whole world was in the churning and uncertain of the future, and many great political leaders fumbled in their assessments and moves. Bose had visualized the rising of India against the British power here as and when his INA entered the country as a victorious force. Towards this vision Bose had been regularly addressing the Indian people on radio from Berlin. He was in need of collaborators back at home for that moment and, wherever possible, he kept his contacts abreast of the latest development that were taking place on his side. It was to inculcate in them hope for the future, to make them prepared for the critical moment whenever it arrives and to seek their cooperation. The decision to attack the British forces in India in the North-East from Burma was a solemn, crucial and critical act on the part of Bose. It is a common sense, it is a guess, it is logical that on the part of the leader of INA not only the greatest planning and preparation for the planned offensive must gone into to guarantee its success, but also the information of the coming tide (attack) must have been shared with the collaborators (like Bhagat Ram Talwar) with the hope of a helping hand against their common enemy. The needle of suspicion stops at Bhagat Ram Talwar. It requires further research to pin him down to the crime of treachery against his mother land.

A poet has brilliantly penned a Urdu couplet that reflects the agony of India: “Sometimes a wrong is done by one individual in a fleeting moment; but its punishment is inflicted on generations to come for centuries.”

There is no doubt of the facts that the British rulers of India had been informed in advance of the planned offensive by INA; that on getting this information the British had prepared themselves to fight a tough battle (so tough that they had never encountered during the entire WW II); and that INA was forced to retreat back from India (after liberating Andaman and Nicobar Islands) only because of this betrayal.


Subhash Chandra Bose – After the airplane crash (?)

By: Shreepal Singh

There was an article on Subhash Chandra Bose some time ago on this site, which contained information on the subject. Now some more information has been added to the original article:

The new technology – Information Technology – has made it possible for common men to share information that come their way. Here is the new information in the following video “Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose in Faizabad“. After viewing this video and additionally taking these news (made available recently by newspapers) into account, the only question before this country remains: How did Subhash Chandra Bose spend his remaining life after he escaped alive by creating a false airplane-crash smokescreen? The news recently published in newspapers was:

  1. In reply to the Right To Information application of an RTI activist Subhash Aggarwal demanding to provide him information of the contents of “Three Confidential Files on Subhash Chandra Bose” maintained by the Government of India, the Government refused to provide the requested information on the ground that “making the requested information public would affect the Indian relations with foreign powers adversely.”
  2. The report of “Justice Mukherji Inquiry Commission on Subhash Chandra Bose” has concluded, after going into the most minute details of the evidence available in India, Japan, Formosa and Russia, that Bose did not die in the touted airplane crash on August 19, 1945.

The only questions that now remain to be answered by the concerned authorities – Indian and foreign – are as under:

  1.  By all accounts, Bose was kept in custody by Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union after he entered into that country after creating a smoke screen of airplane crash to avoid detection by the British Government. Bose opposed Adolph Hitler’s plan to invade Soviet Union by saying to the Führer that “It is an aggression on Soviet Union.” This information is on historical records (Refer to the chapter on Bose in the book “A good German by Giles MacDonough; also see reviews of this book by many knowledgeable and eminent historians, which all are available on the net). It is also on historical record that Bose after escaping from the British confinement in India via Kabul (Afghanistan) had first landed in the Soviet Union. During his short stay / stopover of a few hours in the Soviet Union, Bose had been able to put before the Soviet leader Stalin his idea/proposal to fight the British power in India with the support of the Soviet Union. Stalin did not approve the idea (may be, considering Bose not sufficiently equipped to take on the task; or, for strategic reasons – in an ongoing WW II – did not consider it fit to antagonize the British). Stalin not only allowed Bose to fly out of the Soviet Union, he permitted the refueling of his plane to fly out to Berlin (Germany). This was only for these cordial overtures between Stalin and Bose during the initial phase of the World War that when he had to escape from the British forces and enter the Soviet Union Bose was not killed by Stalin. He was allowed to live. The question ‘how Bose should be treated’ must have a great dilemma to Stalin. On the one hand, Stalin knew that Bose was a very popular political leader in India (it is on record that Stalin directed his ambassador to Afghanistan – in 1949, much after the alleged airplane crash – to gather the intelligence about the state of Bose’s popularity among Indian people and the ambassador sent his report to Stalin informing that Bose is greatly popular leader among Indians; that he would certainly replace (Jawahar Lal) Nehru in the Indian Government; that in view of the his popularity, Nehru had to induct in his Government Bose’s kinsman as a Government Minister); that Bose was a sworn enemy of the British – the British whom Stalin also considered in his heart of hearts an enemy but was apparently obliged to treat them (British) as friends of the Soviet Union as being a part of the Allied Forces; that by allowing Bose to go to India, the Soviet Union would be antagonizing not only the British – who were after the blood of Bose – but also the Indian leaders who were ruling. On the other hand, to Stalin Bose was a person who was on the side of Adolph Hitler and was an out right enemy. Bose was an enemy to Stalin because of the circumstances and Stalin knew it very well, and for that reason alone he must have had a soft corner for him and so did not kill him.

  2. By all accounts it seems reasonable that Bose was kept in confinement by Stalin (may be somewhere in Siberia), weighing all along how to deal with him. The questions before Stalin must have been: How the release of Bose would affect the Soviet Union’s relations with post-independence India and the post-war Britain. As the conduct of Stalin as a dictator exhibited in the Soviet occupation of Berlin (till he lived) and in his dealings with the Western powers after WW II would show, he (Stalin) was little wary of the British, if at all. However, it is also on record that free India was under an obligation to the British to hand-over Bose to them if ever he was found alive. To the British, Bose was a war criminal and, if captured, he was to be tried for the offence (as other accused belonging to the Azad Hind Fauz were tried by them). It is also known to everyone that India got freedom by negotiation under a Transfer of Power instrument (India Independence Act passed by the British Parliament). Was Stalin under pressure from India not to release him and create a problem for India (any attempt to hand over Bose to the British would have put India on fire)?

  3. Now the official reason for refusing to give the requested information (of the ‘three confidential files’ on Bose to Subhash Aggarwal RTI activist) is that revealing their contents to public would adversely impact India’s relations with foreign powers. One can very well guess that these foreign powers could not be other than the Britain and the present day Russia. If it is found that Bose was kept in prison in the Soviet Union, it cannot be blamed on that country for many reasons. Firstly, Russian dictator did not kill Bose in the first case; it was very natural of that country to kill its enemy who sided with Hitler. India would reconcile with the then existing circumstances and would rather appreciate the gesture of not out rightly killing its leader (and, later on sending Bose to India as the video “Bose in Faizabad” shows). Of course, the relations with Britain may be strained on revealing the facts buried in the three secret files.

  4. After viewing the video, perusing the Justice Mukherji Commission Report and analyzing the reason of refusal by the government, the logical events seem like this: (1) There was some understanding among the states of Soviet Union, India and, may be, Britain that Bose would be allowed to live his remaining life In India but incognito (without revealing his identity). Bose must have been under solemn oath not to ever reveal his real identity. In these unfortunate circumstances, he would have lived in Faizabad in U. P. This arrangement would have certainly saved the face of Indian government; respect of the Soviet Union; and, perhaps, boiling down of the rage of Britain.

Intolerance of New York Times editorial in its piece “Indian Religious Intolerance”

By: Shreepal Singh

New York Times has published an editorial on December 25, 2014 captioned “Religious intolerance in India”. Jettisoning its well-publicized neutrality on international events, it writes that hope is in danger of crumbling that Prime Minister Narendra Modi would rein in that divisive agenda of his militant Hindu-nationalist supporters. Without going into the root cause of the phenomenon of religious conversions currently going in India, the editorial takes note of the fact that during the last days of the just concluded Indian Parliament’s session the legislature was unable to deal with important legislative business. It emphasized the fact that this inability of Parliament to transact business was because of repeated adjournments and an uproar over attempt by Hindu groups to convert Christians and Muslims. The newspaper states, as if passing a final verdict in the whole affairs “The issue has come to a head following a ‘homecoming’ campaign by the Rashtriya Swamsevak Sangh and the Vishwas Hindu Parishad – groups dedicated to transforming India’s secular democracy into a Hindu state – to ‘reconvert’ Christians and Muslims to Hinduism.”

The editorial very conveniently chooses not to go into the issue of Indian citizens’ constitutional right to freely ‘propagate’ their religions – the real issue impinging on the question of religious ‘conversion’ or ‘re-conversion.’ By steering clear of this issue, the newspaper in a clever maneuver has absolved itself of the responsibility to answer such unpalatable questions: Is religious conversion prohibited by law in India? If the religious conversion is not prohibited in the first place, is it prohibited in subsequent or second attempts by citizens (termed‘re-conversion’ by the editorial)?

In the place of examining such questions as a responsible newspaper of an international repute, New York Times finds fault with Narendra Modi over his silence on this Indian religious quagmire of a very long standing. Does NYT expects Narendra Modi to ‘prohibit’ Hindus to convert Christians and Muslims to Hinduism and ‘permit’ Christians and Muslims to convert Hindus to their religions? If Narendra Modi ever does such a thing, will it be justified on his part in the eye of NYT?

The paper does not go into the justification or need or legality of the moves of those individuals who have been spending their life time in converting Indian citizens from one religion into another religion in an organized manner (we intentionally omit the names of religions involved in the exercise and if you name the religions, you name the culprit). Instead, the editorial raises the boggy of “groups dedicated to transforming India’s secular democracy into a Hindu state by “reconverting” Christians and Muslims to Hinduism.”  Perhaps one can justifiably equally put a question to the editors of New York Times: “Are the groups that are ‘converting’  Hindus to Christianity or Islam not dedicated to transforming India’s secular democracy into a Christian or Muslim state?”  Yes, Hindus are in majority in India and Christians and Muslims are in minority here but all citizens in this country are living peacefully under a democratic rule of law. All citizens have equal rights and freedom to ‘propagate’ their religions. May be in the eye of NYT, the Christian democracy or the Islamic democracy is the ‘secular democracy’ and the Hindu democracy is ‘not the secular democracy’.

It is intolerance of NYT on the religious conversions in India. Indeed!

“Ghar Wapsi” or re-conversion to Hinduism from Christianity and Islam

By: Shreepal Singh, Advocate Supreme Court

Today a debate on the campaign called “Ghar Wapsi – or, Returning back to one’s own religious fold” undertaken by the Hindu organizations is raging in electronic, print and social media in India. There is stalemate in the Upper House (Rajya Sabha) of Parliament on the subject. Almost all the opposition political parties – who have majority in this House – are united in opposing the “Ghar Wapsi” campaign.

These parties may be united in their opposition to the Hindu move either because their political space in India today is being usurped by the leap and bounds of the popularity of Narendra Modi or they genuinely are worried about the religious onslaught of the Hindu organizations over the religious rights of the minority communities of this country.

If their opposition to the Hindu move is emanating from the first reason – their sense of political insecurity – we are not concerned with it in this article. However, we give them the benefit of doubt and assume that these political parties – and their supporters – are actuated in their vehement opposition by their genuine concerns only for the legitimate rights of the minority communities.

India is governed by the rule of law and Constitution of this country is the fundamental law of the land. All the issues of religious conversions – conversion from majority Hindu religion to the minorities’ religions of Christianity or Islam or “Ghar Wapsi” that is, re-conversion to the Hindu religious fold of those who had in the past been converted to Christianity or Islam – have to be examined in the light of Indian Constitution alone.

Of course, one can examine this important issue in the light of the experience one has recently gained in the current world affairs (like the plight of Yazidis or Kurds in Iraq etc.) or in the light of history of this country (after all, all activities being undertaken today by different interest-groups is essentially nothing but the history in the making). There may be many other perspectives to examine this issue of conversion and reconversion but we intend to limit our consideration in this article to the constitutional law of this country.

This subject is dealt with in Article 25 (1) of the Indian Constitution. The right provided in Article 25 (1) of Constitution is a fundamental right, which is guaranteed to Indian citizens. This Article states, “Subject to public order, morality and health and to the other provisions of this Part (Part III – containing fundamental rights of citizens), all persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practice and propagate religion”.

The right to freedom of conscience is plain enough and does not admit any dispute in India. You have to just look around you in the neighborhood of India to realize how fortunate we Indians are in possessing this right to freedom of conscience. One may have faith in any God of his or her choice or even his or her faith in No-God. There are many countries in the world where you either do not have this right to choose your God or you are severally discriminated against if you choose a God other than the official one.

Then, Article 25 (1) further talks of the citizen’s right to freely profess, practice and propagate his or her religion. Also on the issue of the citizen’s right to profess and practice his or her own religion, there is no controversy. The current controversy revolves around the meaning and scope of the citizen’s “right to propagate” his or her religion. How do you propagate your religion? You may do so by dissemination the knowledge or awareness of the tenets or principles of your religion.

But this is not the only means to propagate one’s own religion. There may be so many others so-called “immoral” means to propagate one’s religion (like, threat, inducement, cheating, creating fear of heavenly punishment etc.). Can the “propagation” of a religion be accomplished by “conversion” of another person to one’s own religion, whether by moral or immoral means? The Indian Constitution is egalitarian in body and spirit and it does not countenance the “purpose” of propagation being, even remotely, to secure “conversion”.

In fact, Indian Constitution though does guarantees a citizen the right to propagate religion, it does not encourage such exercise by placing this genre of rights certain restrictions on them in the beginning of this Article. The spirit of Constitution in this respect has been authoritatively expressed by the Supreme Court of India in the case of Rev. Stainislaus vs. State of M. P. (1977) 1 SCC 677.

There the court said (and it is a long quote from the Indian Supreme Court), “What the Article 25 (1) of the Constitution grants is not the right to convert another person to one’s own religion, but to transmit or spread one`s religion by an exposition of its tenets. It has to be remembered that Article 25 (1) guarantees “freedom of conscience” to every citizen, and not merely to the followers of one particular religion, and that, in turn postulates that there is no fundamental right to convert another person to one’s own religion because if a person purposely undertakes the conversion of another person to his religion, that would impinge on the “freedom of conscience” guaranteed to all the citizens of the country alike.

“It has to be appreciated that the freedom of religion enshrined in Article 25 (1) is not guaranteed in respect of one religion only, but covers all religions alike, and it can be properly enjoyed by a person if he exercises his right in a manner commensurate with the like freedom of persons following the other religions. What is freedom of one, is freedom for the other, in the equal measure, and there can therefore be no such thing as a fundamental right to convert any person to one’s own religion.”

Propagation of religion by converting persons of other religions to one’s own religion is nothing but an open competition, much like a business competition in a market economy, to secure an end that is ulterior to the purpose of any faith. In the matter of business, the issue at stake is only money. Money is important in life but here nothing is at the stake. In the matter of religious competition, the life itself may be at the stake (would any hypocrite deny this eventuality when the plight of minorities like Yazidis alluded to above is seen?).

In the modern world, religious conversions are almost always aimed at bigger, mundane and this-worldly goals than mere cultivating the souls to sow and reap the conscience by “propagating” one’s religious tenets. It is the hard reality of our materialist world. There are very few cases in the world today where individuals change their religious conviction on their own and in those cases also the credit goes to their own inquisitiveness, study and efforts and not to any “propagating teacher”.

Let us take a digression for a moment. After all, what is the objective – this-worldly objective – for people to undertake the exercise of conversion of individuals from another religion to their own religion? The root cause for this activity lies deep down in the human biology. Self-preservation is one of the basic instincts of humans and they act in fulfillment of this instinct not only in the form of individual behavior to guarantee their physical survival but also in the form of collective or social behavior.

Humans seek their security in common interest-groups, like family, tribe, caste, nation, religious group or anything – even an idea – that binds them together as a group and provides an extra element of force – a powerful force – in ensuring their physical safety and security. This collective behavior is the evolved form of the evolutionary mechanism – struggle for survival and the survival of the fittest – and is very natural.

Why does the humans’ self-preservation-instinct manifest in their tendency to seek security in a common-interest-group and to try to strengthen such group’s power by increasing its numerical superiority? In all living beings – including human beings – there is a sort of inbuilt biological inertia. This inertia is expressed in their way of life and this particular way of life opposes any change in their life-style. However, this biological inertia – tendency to stick to one’s own way of life – is pitted against another element of Nature – the element of change. Life is surrounded by natural environment that is always changing (and surrounding natural environment includes rival common-interest-groups like religious communities also). This environment forces life to change itself and adapt to the newer circumstances. The force of a single individual to resist the change being thus thrust upon him gets reinforced – as if a wave reinforced by harmonic synchronization – when he finds him in the presence of a large similar group. In the face of the evolutionary demand of change, people find themselves at ease in the company of a similar group. It is an evolutionary mechanism.

Expansion of a similar group – and religious community is a similar group – by propagation of a tenet that binds them together is a natural evolutionary phenomenon. It is not proper to judge the behavior of certain people to undertake religious conversion of others to their own religion on the moral ground. There is no right or wrong in such issues.

If in the past some Hindus were converted to Christianity or Islam or if they are being re-converted from Islam / Christianity to Hinduism today (termed Ghar Wapsi), it is all natural behavior. One who succeeds, gets more secured and ultimately survives. Now let us come to our subject.

The Hindu organizations’ “Ghar Wapsi” campaign is “conversion” in the legal sense, as is the case when Hindus are “converted” to the religions of Christianity or Islam.

The opponents of “Ghar Wapsi” campaign have ensnared themselves in a paradoxical situation. It is the classic case of logical dilemma. They are being weighed at the moral-scale by the people at large. These opponents may not admit, but the fact remains that it is only because of such hypocrisy of these political leaders that they have massively lost the ground to Narendra Modi.

If these opponents succeed in their demand, “Stop the conversion”, they end up stopping conversion of Hindus to Christianity or Islam; if they succeed in their demand “Christians / Muslims’ right to convert Hindus to their religious fold”, they end up supporting Ghar Wapsi.


Opposition of Ghar Vapasi is Illogical

By: Parmanand Pandey, Advocate Supreme Court (General Secretary IPC)

 The Rajya Sabha, the elder house of the Indian Parliament, has not been transacting any business for the last many days. It is adjourned after almost sitting of half an hour and the adjectives like, pandemonium uproarious and noisy scenes etc. have become common to describe the situation in the Upper House. The members representing the political parties in the State Assemblies constitute the Rajya Sabha, which is also known as the Council of States. Hence, on the strength of a political party in the Assemblies of the states decide its representation in the Rajya Sabha. As on today the opposition parties i.e. the Congress, the Samajwadi, RJD, JD(U), TMC, BSP, DMK, AIDMK, BJD etc. have more numbers than the treasury benches consisting of the Bhartiya Janata Party and its allies.

 The purpose of this piece is neither to deal with the constitution of the Rajya Sabha nor to tell about the conduct of the Hon’ble members. Its aim, nonetheless is limited to discuss on what issue the Rajya Sabha is not being allowed to run. The only issue is the conversion of a group of Muslims to Hinduism in Agra. It is being termed as ‘Ghar Vapasi’ by those who have converted the Muslims to Hinduism and those who are opposed to it, they say that it is an attack on the secular fabric of the country. 

It may not be out of place to mention here that when the Anti-Conversion Bill was to be introduced by the previous NDA Government of the Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the entire opposition was outraged against the Bill. It was then being said that the Anti Conversion Bill was against the spirit of the Constitution, which gave freedom to every citizen to follow the religion of his or her choice. Many Christian organisations in India and abroad had vehemently protested against the move of the then government to introduce the bill.

Now the opposition is crying foul about the conversion of a small number of Muslims in Agra. The allegation of the opposition parties is that the conversion has been carried out because of the inducement of providing Adhar Cards to those who converted to Hinduism. However,only a week after the Agra incident, five Hindus got converted into Christianity in Bihar and it was not taken any notice either by any political party or even by the media. However, this is the time when spade should be called spade. Let it be asked that how large number of tribal, scheduled castes people have been converted to Christianity into last 200 years, except by the inducement of providing facilities like; education, and health etc. Let it also be noted here that the late Nobel Laureate Mother Teresa was a Christian missionary working and she did a commendable job in the service of lepers in the ‘city of joy’, the expression which is sarcastically used for Kolkota. She opened ‘Nirmal Hridayas’ in many cities of India. But how come not even one person who obtained the service of MotherTeresa’s ‘Missionaries of Charity’ has not got converted to Christianity? A person who went to Nirmal Hriday as a Hindu has not come back with his or her original religion. Almost everybody got converted to Christianity. So how can it be said that the Christian Missionaries did not offer the inducements? 

No doubt, Christian Missionaries have opened good schools and hospitals all over the country. They never openly ask the Hindus/ Muslims of relatively well off backgrounds to convert to Christianity but those who are economically vulnerable they are offered all sorts of inducements and facilities to  get them converted to Christianity. This is an open and glaring fact. People become Christians not because their hearts have changed by knowing about the religion but it is the greed that played the main role. The fact is the person, who embraces to Christianity does not know about the religion or the Bible. So how can it be the case of the change of heart? Christian missionaries, it must be said , are the past masters in hoodwinking the gullible and poor people and luring them to their own religion. Therefore, our Parliamentarians, and that too, the members of the Rajya Sabha or either naive or knave or amalgam of both, who have been disrupting the proceedings of the House for no plausible reasons.

History bears ample testimony to the fact that the people in India  have embraced to Islam because of the fear of saving their lives or properties and  Christianity spread its wings across the country by sheer dint of money, which the missionaries have aplenty and they been liberally using for the expansion their religion.Thus ,it is clear that in India proselytisation or religious conversions have taken either by force ,fraud, allurements or inducements.Now if some zealous persons from among Hindus are trying to tell and convince the other religionists that they or their forebears were led to garden path for converting to Islam or Christianity and they should again come back to Hinduism- why should there be so much hullabaloo?One fails to understand if Hindus are converted to other religion, it is a non issue and if it is other way round then all hell break loose. This double standard and hypocrisy is now clearly seen through.

Hindus have been largely divided on the caste lines. It has proved dangerous for the very existence of this religion, which otherwise is high evolved in metaphysics, learning and devotion. Tolerance and self-criticism have been the hallmarks of Hinduism but they have also proved detrimental for the sound survival of this religion.

      Unfortunately, Bhartiya Janata Party, which got overwhelming support from Hindus in  the fond hope that it would provide level playing Hindus ia also pandering to the appeasement policy. Why is it feeling shy of vociferously advocating the Uniform Civil Code for the betterment of Muslim women in the matters of divorce, property inheritance, equality and monogamy? It is hoped that it will rise to the occasion and would not be blackmailed by the pseudo-secularist or by falling in their trap. 

New Civilization Credo: by V. N. Tretyakov

An article by: V. N. Tretyakov

(New Civilization Credo Published at: THE INSTITUTE OF INTELLECTUAL TECHNOLOGIES on 25 Sep 2012)

“In quest of a New Civilization: Summary and going ahead” (by Shreepal Singh (Delhi), naming self ‘a Concerned Global Citizen’)

Here is a summary of what the author has said and premeditated so far about human beings, their society and their evolutionary course.

  1. Our curiosity to know is the engine of our progress and evolution. The conclusion is that we should advance the cause of this curiosity by liberating our search from all corrupting influences.
  2. The frontiers of modern science bring us to a point where we are able to see the vast span of yet-undiscovered things of bizarre nature. The scientific theories of relativity and probability offer inkling into this bizarre nature of things in nature.

  3. The scientific mechanism of hypothesis, experiment, theory and law for understanding the truth of things is not sensitive enough for knowing the truth of those things (phenomena) that are not amenable to the scientific process of ‘controlled and repetitive experiments.’ There is a leaking hole in the ‘scientific mechanism’ in the form of ‘the effect of the remainder of the universe.’ The conclusion is that we should not be arrogant in pronouncing our judgments about things. Things are still mysterious and we should respect this mystery of nature.

  4. The greatest mystery of all mysteries of nature is life. While studying life the fundamental question is not how it works but why it works. Life has a wonderful mechanism to function. But still more wonderful is the fact that it has a direction to go ahead, to grow from simple to complex and to evolve from lower to higher.

  5. The highest evolved form of life on earth is the ‘intelligent Mind’ of humans. It reasons and the reason is equivalent of inter-relations of things present out there in nature, which relations are always harmonious (if they do not look so to a person, he or she is of defective Mind, that is, insane or fool).

  6. Mind is a trans-receiver of thoughts. Thoughts in the form of inter-relations of objective things already exist in nature. We may receive them or not receive them, they are always there. What has been thought and what could be thought, both already have their existence.

  7. It is not this inter-relation of things alone that consumes the entire picture of nature. There are not thoughts alone that exist in nature. There are other things also having their existence. The creative energy, the urge to unfold, the desire calling for attention also has its own place and relevance in nature. The whole creation is the expression of a grand desire. Like in the earlier case, we humans are trans-receivers of desires. Desires have their own beauty but still it is lower than thought in its rhythm (only from humans’ point of view and not absolutely). Desires have a very wide spectrum, which includes all sorts of cravings, attachments, hate and revenge, urges etc.

  8. The lowest rung of life is the gross body’s instinctive mechanism. It is the first sign of life, the life that has just emerged out of the dark matter. This lower rung of life is represented in trees, insects and animals but it is not exclusively confined to them. Human beings also carry almost all the elements of this lower rung in their evolved self; the difference is that in the case of humans these elements are subordinated to their desires and, during the period of last 10-15 thousand years, to their mind. We are concerned in these articles with human beings and their problems, and not with animals etc. and therefore things should be taken in that context only.

  9. Human self is composed of the physical body, desires and mind and these are processing instruments of data. These instruments are all the time connected to their respective outside worlds of these things (the worlds of matter, of desires and of mind) and receiving and transmitting information from and to those worlds. How these elements of human-self are connected to their respective outside worlds? There is a bridging medium between these personal elements and outside worlds. There is a subtle physical body behind our gross physical body, which connects us to outside subtle physical world; and it is so with our body – or bundle – of desires and mind. The subtle physical-body, the subtle desire-body and the subtle-mental body of person do not die immediately with the physical death of that person. They get anchored out of this physical world and remain for their assigned periods in their respective subtle worlds (and therein lay the explanation of sometimes appearing these bodies as ghosts in our physical world). After their assigned period of life, these bodies too are disintegrated only to be absorbed and recycled once again.

  10. We live a life composed of the interplaying of our physical body needs, our desires and our thoughts. This is all what we call our life. Ordinarily we do not go beyond these formations. But beyond these formations, there is an element of human-self, of which we are not aware. What is that element cannot be described by words of language but it can be known by experience, just like our awareness of our desires or thoughts or even our physical body. This element is a reality; it is not a mere mental imagination. It is as real as our physical body or desires or thoughts. Any effort to describe this element of our self – the sweetest, the most satisfying, and the most peaceful element of our self – has created through out the long human history the maximum confusion and the maximum antagonism among different sections of mankind. Do the ordinary people have any way of finding – or having at least a glimpse of – it? Yes, there is a way. It is something like what we call the voice of our heart. What is the voice of heart? It is a like a voice in the first place. In some people this voice is (depending upon one’s Para-psychological evolutionary stage) often a very strong one, which makes itself heard despite objection from their desires (because it contradicts the legitimacy of those desires) and their thoughts (because it goes against their logic). However, almost in all cases, this voice is suppressed by the mighty ding of our desires and our thoughts. Our desires and thoughts rule this voice out as harmful and illogical one. Thus, this voice of heart is distinctly separate from one’s desires and thoughts; it is not only separate from them but even contradicts them and prompts us to go and act against them. This voice is not respected by our civilization; it is not allowed to be cultivated by us. It is ridiculed as worthless, harmful and foolishness. But the reality is that this voice is unfailingly correct in its decisions; its advice is always in the best interest of the person concerned under the available circumstances. This voice is the Gateway to the world of secret of all secrets. We leave this subject at that.

  11. Our desires and, like wise, our thoughts have real existence. What is their nature? What are their properties? These entities are not material; they are not electrical charge; they are not made up of gravitational force either. Then, of what nature are they? We have to wait for our science to catch-up with them; it will take time; we must have patience. There are many things we not know yet; this is the lesson, our science teaches us.

  12. With this understanding of our self and our life, we proceed further. Our self is a complicated instrument, which has come into being on account of the forces of nature and evolved to this state. Nature is geared to move forward. All her movements seem to move towards a goal; towards the goal of more good, more perfect and always from the better to the best. It is what we call evolution.

  13. This evolution of humans is not confined alone to the stream of thriving Homo sapiens on earth. This constancy of biological evolution carried from generation to generation is only one stream. The complicated self of humans follows a pattern of evolution, which is spread over countless births and deaths, on material places (like earth) and on places, which are not material from our reckoning. We must understand this evolutionary pattern and help ourselves to move forward on to the correct course, avoiding pit-falls, zigzag straying off this course or lagging behind lazily. This gives us bacon to chart our course and build our civilizations. This bacon is the pursuit of ‘truth’. Around ‘truth’ we have to craft our new civilization.

  14. Now we understand that our physical body disintegrates with our death to be absorbed by nature for the second recycling. We understand that the bundle of our desires – our desire-body – like wise disintegrates with our death only to be recycled once again by nature; and, like wise, the bundle of our thoughts disintegrates with our death to be absorbed and recycled once more – in countless such happenings in the past – by nature. All these elements of our self – our instrument – are provided to us by nature in our ‘one’ life – in this present life – to help us to become aware of that one element, of which we have spoken about herein above and which we do not know yet. Why should we proceed to know it? Because it is the most satisfying, the most enjoying, the most… (All those things that humans love).

  15. Therefore, a civilization that is given to pander our body demands, our desires or our dry thoughts is not suitable for enlightened mankind. Such civilization assaults the nature and mauls it (and, today, beyond repairs), foments competitive ill will and violence and, per force, brings to the fore the traits of human personality that degrade him. But this is only one reason of this civilization being third rate (today). And, this is not the chief reason for its being so. The chief reason is that it in pandering to clamor of humans’ body demands, desires and thoughts this civilization effectively pushes behind that sweet element. Therefore, we need to search for a better, a new civilization.

  16. The current civilization is exclusively dedicated to this pandering of human needs and demands and there is an engine that powers this civilization. The powerhouse of this civilization is that section of humanity whose sole business of life is nothing but to make available the means – manufactured products – to satisfy those needs and demands of the balance part – a huge number – of humanity. This tiny section of humanity is smart and intelligent. These people sense and search every opportunity to pursue their business – the business of making products available and earn profits in the process. Their one point program is to make profit and nothing else. All their actions are guided this one point agenda. They need machines – machines that are the creation, the fruits, of collective human genius and labor – to produce products and therefore they get possession of those machines; they become owners of those means so that they may earn profits. They need human labor – the work of human being, the most precious thing ever created by nature – so that they may put those humans to work on ‘their’ machines and therefore they create (artificially because they are man-made in nature) conditions – economic compulsions – for those human beings so that they are left with no alternative but to flock to them to work on their machines. They call it ‘creating jobs and providing employment’. Creating jobs or providing employment is not their concern (it is necessary evil sought to be avoided) and therefore they reduce the ‘jobs and employment’ to the minimum possible. (Incidentally, with the advent of modern age of computerized automation of manufacturing process, this minimum possible is further reduced to a bare few who are technologically highly skilled and economically highly paid; therefore, an era of great unemployment of general public looms large in coming future).

  17. The current civilization is patently unjust and third rate in meeting the problems of enlightened humans. Why should the humanity not go deeper into the Para-psychological make-up of humans and investigate the forming elements there? Why should the humanity not delineate those elements and put them into their respective places of comparative utility? Why should the majority of humanity allow the tiny minority of her species today to ‘own’ machines, to ‘hire’ humans to work on those machines and to make ‘profits’ out of this whole arrangement? This arrangement is nothing but a misuse of machine. Machine is a lever that minimizes the amount of labor that is needed in the struggle of Homo sapiens against the harsh nature. Why should the mankind not wean away the use of ‘machine’ from generating private profits of a tiny section of her part and instead dedicate this lever – the ‘machine’ – exclusively to lessen the common human toil in her war against nature? Humans have come of age now, not only in their science but in their enlightenment also. They must rise fearlessly and fabricate a better civilization. In this venture there is no ill will towards any body and good will towards all. All those among us – we humans – who ‘own’ this lever – the machine – are not bad people. And, not all among us who are compelled – consciously or unconsciously – by economic reasons to work for those who ‘own’ those machines are good. We all are in this earthly world like the migratory birds, knowing not our destination. We are in a ship – an earthly ship in cosmic ocean – sailing together. We have common interest and common destination.

  18. But still a large part of humanity is deeply steeped in ignorance of all these considerations. Mankind can come out of this dismal situation, in comparatively lesser time (we say lesser time because mankind would certainly come out this situation later than sooner on her own account driven by the force of her forward movement, that is, her evolution), by making a combined efforts on three fronts: enlightening people by education; empowering them through technology; and enabling them to manage their own affairs in accordance with the majority wish (effective democracy). It is suggested that based on these three basic principles new civilization zones may be established. But this approach is only ‘wait and watch’, which needs to be supported by an active program. This is what we have covered so far in our articles.

  19. We propose to proceed further and examine other aspects of the subject, which have not been considered so far. We propose to examine certain other efforts, which were made in the past to replace the current civilization with a new one, and point out their deficiencies in understanding human life and its evolution. After pointing out their defects, we propose to suggest a decisively effective and completely peaceful method of ending the current civilization and substituting it with a new one.
    The text is taken from

(C) Copyright «Intel Tech»—V.N.Tretyakov (U.M.Tratsiakou). The present information is intellectual property of the author’s site, who would be interested in knowing any usage of his materials.

International Day of Yoga

United Nations General Assembly Resolution No. A/67/L.17

(This resolution was proposed by Shri Narendra Modi, Indian Prime Minister in UN General Assembly and co-sponsored by a record number of 177 States and was passed by it in the record number of 90 days)

International Day of Yoga

The General Assembly,

Recalling its resolution No. 66/2 of 19 September 2011 on the Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases and 68/98 of 11 september 2013 on global health and foreign policy.

Reaffirming General Assembly resolution resolutions 53/199 of 15 December 1998 and 61/185 of 20 December 2006 on the proclamation of international years, and Economic and Social Council resolution 1980/67 of 25 July 1980 on international years and anniversaries.

Noting the importance of individuals and populations making healthier choices and following lifestyle patterns that foster good health.

Underscoring the fact that global health is a long-term development objective that requires closer international cooperation through the exchange of best practices aimed at building better individual lifestyles devoid of excesses of all kinds.

Recognizing that yoga provides a holistic approach to health and well-being.

Recognizing also that wider dissemination of information about the benefits of practising yoga would be beneficial for the health of the world population.

  1. Decides to proclaim 21 June the International Day of Yoga;
  2. Invites all Members and observer States, the organization of the United Nations system and other international and regional organizations, as well as civil society, including non-governmental organizations and individuals, to observe the International Day, in an appropriate manner and in accordance with national priorities, in order to raise awareness of the benefits of practising yoga;

  3. Stresses that the cost of all activities that may arise from the implementation of the present resolution should be met from voluntary contributions;

  4. Requests the Secretary-General to bring the present resolution to the attention of all Member and observer States and the organizations of the United Nations system.


1. The initiative to get the world attention to yoga was taken by India. Why only India took this initiative? It is because the people of this country in very ancient past discovered yoga as the holistic discipline of human-life, perfected it over thousands of years’ practice and managed to preserve it as of today. Without ascribing any nationalist ego on this subject, one may justifiably say that this land produced ceaseless succession of yogis who taught by their words and practice compassion, self-giving, love, peace and, above all, the sublime purpose of all life to something higher that is still mystical to human mind. It is so comprehensive in its sweeps that it is not limited to humans alone. Evolving life is the unconscious yoga of Nature. All life is yoga. In humans realmn, where all religions end, yoga starts.

2. Through this UN General Assembly resolution the people of the world have now recognized that it is better that individuals adopt lifestyles that are devoid of excesses of all kinds and also that yoga provides a holistic approach to health and well-being.

3. Being the teacher of yoga, it is the moral obligation of India now to bring its full spectrum before the world community.

Should media persons play the role of judges?

Parmanand Pandey

‘Justice delayed is justice denied’ is a cliché. That is why, a wag has said in a seminar at Mumbai that ‘why not appoint the media persons as the judges in all courts?’  In his view, trial by media is most inexpensive and expeditious way of delivery. There is a no need for the police to register the crime, investigate and frame the charges. There is no need for the Courts to afford any opportunity for ‘admission and denial’ or to allow examination and cross-examination of anybody. Collection of evidence will also not be required. Mere debates by some ‘omniscient’ people in the studio of the television channels will be enough to pronounce the judgment for or against the accused or victim.

It may be ludicrous to the most but it is, nonetheless, true that media persons level the charges (sometimes some body else level those charges) and then the debaters become the jury and the judge to pronounce the judgments. Take for example, the recent case of two girls from Rohtak, who were shown to be the victims of molestation by three young boys in a moving bus. It was reported in the media that two brave heart girls faced the molestation attempt by three young boys; incidentally, two of them were selected in the army. The allegation of these girls is that when three boys were trying to molest them in the running bus not even one of the passengers came to their rescue. Then one of these courageous and spunky girls started thrashing those boys, while the other got busy in making the video through her mobile phone. This video became viral and, within no time, it was the topic of hot TV debates. The warriors of studios made the post mortem of the criminal law and the safety of the women.

No body bothered to know the other side of the story. They chastised the fellow passengers and wanted them to be booked for complicit in the crime. All participants shamed the hapless bus conductor and the driver in the harshest possible language. But the anchors of the news channels reserved their ire against the political leaders, police administration and even the general public was not spared. Media pronounced the judgment in favour of the ‘victim’ girls and against the boys in less than an hour. Haryana Government lost no time in suspending the driver and conductor of the bus. The state government also announced the bravery awards to be given to both gutsy girls on 26 January, the Republic Day.

However, the next day when the other version of the story came when many passengers including an old woman, tried to lodge a report against these two girls in a police station. Unnerved by the criticism of the media the police refused to lodge the report of the old woman against the girls. But such things do not remain hidden for very long time, that too, when the girls and other passengers belong to the neighboring village. Almost everybody blamed the girls who picked up the unnecessary quarrel for the sake of seats in the bus.

An old woman also alleged that she was forcibly removed from her seat and was asked to sit on a wheel tyre kept in the bus. It is also said that the girls were traveling in the previous bus, which went out of order and then passengers were loaded in the next bus in which the boys were travelling. The girls insisted on sitting on the same seats, which were given to them in the previous bus. These boys refused to accede to their demand and the scuffle followed. Next day when the real facts came to the light, the government withdrew the bravery awards to be given to the girls. It has also come to the open that these ‘courageous’ girls have been in the habit of creating such drama for the sake for the publicity. This also proves the point that justice hurried is justice buried.

Media may gloat over its achievement (?) but this has done no good to its credibility. The media, particularly the electronic media, have been making such reports, which have not only been unpalatable and unauthentic but these reports have also been malicious, tendentious and defamatory. Not long ago, a news channel had converted an innocent school teacher of Delhi, Miss Uma Shama into a pimp and the peddler of the sex trade. It was alleged by the news channel that the said woman teacher used to rope in girls of tender age to get them thrown into flesh trade. However, after an inquiry it was found that the report was totally false and it was aimed at spoiling the image, character and career of the woman teacher. Based on the report the woman teacher was summarily dismissed from the job to be reinstated only after getting the clean chit from the police.

It raises an important point. When the media has become so powerful that it can make or destroy anybody’s image, should it behave so irresponsibly as not to verify the facts before passing any judgment? Should there not be any checks and balances for the media? Is there not an urgent need for strong regulatory measures where the general public or any aggrieved person can go for redeeming his or her prestige if the media has deliberately spoiled it for the sake of TRP or sensation?

It may not be out of place to mention here that aggrieved by a report that was broadcast on a T.V. channel, the eminent  lawyer Fali Nariman, who was arguing the case of Sahara India Ltd in the Supreme  Court had drawn the attention of the bench headed by the then Chief Justice of India Mr. S. H. Kapadia. Justice Kapadia suo-motto took up the matter and issued notices to the government and other agencies for replying so that the guidelines for the court reporting could be framed.

Indian Federation of Working Journalists (IFWJ) also got impleaded in the case and I argued the case before the court on behalf of the IFWJ and vehemently opposed for framing of any guidelines because that would amount to curtailing the freedom of speech and expression and, therefore, would be unconstitutional. Ultimately, the court dropped the idea of framing any guidelines for the court reporting. Other eminent lawyers like Ram Jeth Malani, Shanti Bhushan and Prashant Bhushan etc. supported the IFWJ’s stand. Nevertheless, the Supreme Court reminded the media about its important role and the responsibility in the society because an irresponsible media can always wreak havoc. The IFWJ welcomed that decision of the Supreme Court that reminded the media of its responsibility towards the society and the people, so necessary for its credibility.

I wrote a comment on the decision of the Supreme Court, which was carried in November 2012 issue of the ‘Shramjivi Kalamkar’ ,a journal of the UPWJU.





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