Population Control: India’s Top-Most Priority!


By: Shreepal Singh

If you are asked, “What are those two priorities that should be on top in making India a first-rated country” what would be your answer? But why only two priorities and not one or three? It is because the “first one” is the axiomatic one; and the “second one” is left to become the first one.

We are asking this question in the context not of any individual or group but of the government of India. There are many priorities before the government of India.

Making India militarily strong enough to withstand the Chinese territorial aggressive onslaught; Clean India; GST; Make in India; streamlining of economy by demonetization; election reforms through transparent funding of political parties; empowering women by making reservation for them in governance elected bodies; making our educational institutions of the top quality; empowering weaker sections like Dalits by special schemes … and this list may go on like this.

All these priorities are laudable and without them India can not become the modern nation of 21st century. But you have to name only two – and no more – that should top all other priorities. Which are those ones?

Suppose, today’s India makes efforts to bring in “cleanliness” all around in the country and succeeds in its efforts; and, suppose this “cleanliness” is undone tomorrow; what value would India’s these herculean efforts have? Let us transpose this supposition “undone tomorrow” to each of the above listed priorities and repeat our question “what value would India’s these herculean efforts have, if they are undone tomorrow?”.

If what you have achieved by great efforts today is undone tomorrow, it has not much value.

We come to our question: “What should be the top most priority of India?“.

The first priority is: This government must do all that, which is needed to guarantee that it continues to remain the government of India. And, the second priority is: This government must check and control population in India.

The first priority is axiomatic because if this government does not remain the government of India any more, it cannot do anything; the second priority goes out in the thin air.

Thus, the second priority is really the first priority.

Population control in India … are you crazy? It is a volatile subject in India. It is politically incorrect to talk of population control. On a public space there is virtually gag order even for those who agree that India needs the strict compliance of population control policy.

The harsh reality is that India cannot afford to keep mum, ignore and side-line this issue for any longer.

What are the dimensions of the population problem in India? And, what is the solution for them?

  1. Resources dimension: India has limited resources, which are not sufficient to support the burgeoning population.
  2. Religious dimension: There should not be any doubt about the proposition that India of today is governed by the Indian Constitution. Firstly, all religious rights – whatever they be – are only those rights that are given by the Indian Constitution and no more. Secondly, Constitution is the supreme law – fundamental law – of India and every one of the religions practiced in India is subordinate and subservient to this Constitution. It is apt to remember that the united India was divided in 1947 only on the fulcrum of religion: for those who believed that their religion was above everything else, a land was given to them to make Pakistan; for those who believed that religion is only a matter of one’s private life and not of any public affair, the remaining part of land was allotted by the erstwhile masters – British – and these people constituted the Republic of India with its Constitution as the supreme law.

  3. Legal dimension: What is the position of population problem in the religious context under the Indian Constitution. Article 25 (1) of the Indian Constitution, which guarantees a fundamental right to freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion, opens with the words, “Subject to public order, morality and health” while giving to all persons equal right to so profess etc. religion. What is public order? What is morality? What is health? And, are all these three connected to population in any way? Burgeoning population coupled with the inadequate resources to meet their demands has direct and adverse relationship with the law and order, morality, and health. The deadly combination of these two elements rapidly brings forth violence, law and order problem, degradation in moral standards and deterioration of health in the society. One thing to always remember here is all these questions and the population problem is equally directed to all religions in general and against no religion in particular. When you have population more than the available resources to meet their demand, there is bound to be “public disorder”. There are many examples of such public disorder around us. In Bangladesh, Rohingya refugees is one of such examples, where they are reported to be 25 Lakh in number and begetting 1000 babies per day! (?) Morality and population- explosion have direct relationship. Morality used in Article 25 (1) is not a morality to be tested under any particular religious teachings but in a secular way in any modern society. There are many countries in the world that interpret morality in terms not of religion but of secular values. China – though not a democracy but a communist country – is one country that does not treat population as the part of religious morality.

  4. Demographic dimension: The demographic balance of India must be preserved. All the authortative statics show that this balance is rapidly eroding. This India will not remain an India that we know it today within a few scores of decades, if the explosion of population is not decimated promptly and now.

Then what is the solution to the Indian population problem? Let us put it in the straight manner:

  1. Population must be controlled on the urgent basis. Law must be passed by Parliament and implemented by the government(s) in words and spirit.

  2. The law should be uniformly applicable to all religious and / or other divisions of Indian citizens.

  3. The mechanism of “stick and carrot” policy should be adopted to check and bring down birth rates of children. Strict “TWO KIDS” adherence by all. Those who beget or have more than two kids must be penalized financially, viz. All rates / prices of useable commodities and services may be steeply hiked; such persons may be lowered in priority where facilities are scarce; Indian Penal Code may be amended to enhance penalty of such persons. Addhar Cards would be the only means to count the persons who may fall in this or that category. Article 14 of Indian Constitution allows to discriminate by “making classification based on intelligible differentia that has nexus to the object sought to be achieved by such classification”. Here the object is to control the population by bringing down the birth rate of babies.

  4. Just reverse the process to encourage the ones who follow “TWO KIDS” norm by awarding them privileges, preferences and benefits.

  5. The advanges accruing to persons from begetting more kids must not only be taken-out from them but it must be made to result in an accruing of disadvantage. In a democracy, the most powerful tool in governance is the right to vote. The more you have numbers, the more powerful you are. This is the advantage of number – that is population. This advantage must be transformed into a clear disadvantage by disenfrachising those individuals who beget more than “TWO KIDS” by amending the Representation of People Act, 1950. No voting right to them who beget more than “TWO KIDS” – till they live! As such penalty is to uniformly apply to all, regardless of any religious or other considerations, it would be perfectly in consonance with the Constitutional mandate of equality before law. Law does not allow hoodwinking in the name of equality; it is only the “political expediency” that can not afford the “politically incorrect” stance, and so tries to hoodwink the law.

भारत में ईसाइ धर्म-परिवर्तन के घटिया दांव-पेंच


लेखक: डा. विवेक आर्य

मेरे एक मित्र ने ईसाई मत की प्रचारनीति के विषय में मुझसे पूछा। ईसाई समाज शिक्षित समाज रहा है। इसलिए वह कोई भी कार्य रणनीति के बिना नहीं करता। बड़ी सोच एवं अनुभव के आधार पर ईसाईयों ने अपनी प्रचार नीति अपनाई है। ईसाईयों के धर्मान्तरण करने की प्रक्रिया तीन चरणों में होती हैं।
प्रथम चरण Inculturation अर्थात संस्कृतीकरण
दूसरा चरण expansion अर्थात विस्तार
तृतीय चरण domination अर्थात प्रभुत्व
अंग्रेजी भाषा का एक शब्द है Inculturation अर्थात संस्कृतीकरण।  इस शब्द का प्रयोग ईसाई समाज में अनेक शताब्दियों से होता आया है। सदियों पहले ईसाई पादरियों ने ईसाइयत को बढ़ावा देने के लिए “संस्कृतीकरण” रूपी योजना का प्रयोग करना आरम्भ किया था। इसे हम साधारण भाषा में समझने का प्रयास करते है।
1. प्रथम चरण में एक बाग में पहले एक बरगद का छोटा पौधा लगाया जाता है। वह अपने अस्तित्व के  संघर्ष करता हुआ किसी प्रकार से अपनी रक्षा कर वृद्धि करने का प्रयास करता है। उस समय वह छोटा होने के कारण अन्य पोधों के मध्य अलग थलग सा नहीं दीखता।
2. अगले चरण में वह पौधा एक छोटा वृक्ष बन जाता है। अब वह न केवल अन्य पौधों से अधिक मजबूत दीखता है अपितु अपने हक से अपना स्थान घेरने की क्षमता भी अर्जित कर लेता है। अन्य पौधों से खाद,सूर्य का प्रकाश, पानी और स्थान का संघर्ष करते हुए वह उन पर विजय पाने की चेष्टा करता हुआ प्रतीत होता हैं।
3. अंतिम चरण में वह एक विशाल वृक्ष बन जाता है। उसकी छांव के नीचे आने वाले सभी पौधे संसाधनों की कमी के चलते या तो उभर नहीं पाते अथवा मृत हो जाते हैं।  उसका एक छत्र राज कायम हो जाता हैं। अब वह उस बाग़ का बेताज बादशाह होता है।
ईसाई समाज में धर्मान्तरण भी इन्हीं तीन चरणों में होता है।
पहले चरण संस्कृतिकरण में एक गैर ईसाई देश में ईसाइयत के वृक्ष का बीजारोपण किया जाता है। ईसाई मत की मान्यताएं, प्रतीक, सिद्धांत, पूजा विधि आदि को छुपा कर उसके स्थान पर स्थानीय धर्म की मान्यताओं को ग्रहण कर उनके जैसा स्वरुप धारण किया जाता है। जैसे भारत के उदहारण से इसे समझने का प्रयास करते है।
1. वेशभूषा परिवर्तन- ईसाई पादरी पंजाब क्षेत्र में सिख वेश पगड़ी बांध कर, गले में क्रोस लटका कर प्रचार करते है। हिंदी भाषी क्षेत्र में हिन्दू साधु का रूप धारण कर, गले में रुदाक्ष माला में क्रोस डालकर प्रचार करते है। दक्षिण भाषी क्षेत्र में दक्षिण भारत जैसे परिधान पहनकर प्रचार करते है।
2. प्रार्थना के स्वरुप में परिवर्तन- पहले ॐ नम क्रिस्टाय नम। ॐ नम माता मरियमय नम। जैसे मनघड़त मन्त्रों का अविष्कार किया जाता है। फिर प्रार्थना गीत आदि लिखे जाते है जिनमें संस्कृत, हिंदी अथवा स्थानीय भाषा का उपयोग कर ईसा मसीह की स्तुति की जाती हैं। जिससे गाने पर यह केवल एक धार्मिक विधि लगे।
3. त्योहार विधि में परिवर्तन- स्थानीय त्योहार के समान ईसाई त्योहारों जैसे गुड फ्राइडे, क्रिसमस आदि का स्वरुप बदल दिया जाता है। जिसे वह स्थानीय त्योहारों के समान दिखे। कोई गैर ईसाई इन त्योहारों में शामिल हो तो उसे अपनापन लगे।
4. चर्च की संरचना में परिवर्तन- पंजाब में अगर चर्च बनाया जाता है  गुरुद्वारा जैसा दिखे, हिंदी भाषी क्षेत्र में किसी हिन्दू मंदिर के समान दिखे, दक्षिण भारत में किसी दक्षिण भारतीय शैली जैसा दिखे। चर्च के बाहरी रूप को देखकर हर कोई यह समझे की यह कोई स्थानीय मंदिर है। ऐसा प्रयास किया जाता है।
5. साहित्य निर्माण- क्रिस्चियन योग, ईसाई ध्यान पद्यति, ईसाई पूजा विधि, ईसाई संस्कार आदि साहित्य के शीर्षकों को प्रथम चरण में प्रकाशित करता हैं। यह  स्थानीय मान्यताओं के साथ अपने आपको मिलाने का प्रयास  होता है। अगले चरण में चर्च स्थानीय भाषा में दया, करुणा,एकता, समानता, ईसा मसीह के चमत्कार, प्रार्थना का फल, दीन दुखियों की सेवा करने वाला साहित्य प्रकाशित करता हैं। इस चरण का प्रयास अपनी मान्यताओं को पिछले दरवाजे से स्वीकृत करवाना होता है। यीशु मसीह को किसी हिन्दू देवता एवं मरियम को किसी हिन्दू देवी के रूप में चित्रित करना चर्च के लिए आम बात है। भोले भाले लोगों को भ्रमित करने की यह कला चर्च के संचालकों से अच्छा कोई नहीं जानता।
 इस चरण में गैर ईसाई क्षेत्रों में पादरियों की बकायदा मासिक वेतन देकर नियुक्ति होती है। उनका काम दिन-दुखियों की सेवा करना, बीमारों के लिए प्रार्थना करना, चंगाई सभा करना, रविवार को प्रार्थना सभा में शामिल होने के लिए स्थानीय लोगों को प्रेरित करना होता हैं। इस समय बेहद मीठी भाषा में ईसा मसीह के लिए भेड़ों को एकत्र करना एकमात्र लक्ष्य होता है। यह कार्य स्थानीय लोगों के माध्यम घुलमिलकर किया जाता है। जिससे किसी को आपके पर शक न हो। जितने अधिक धर्म परिवर्तन का लक्ष्य पूर्ण होता है उतना अधिक अनुदान ऊपर से मिलता है। यह कार्य शांतिपूर्वक, चुपचाप, बिना शोर मचाये किया जाता हैं।इस प्रकार से प्रथम चरण में स्थानीय संस्कृति के समान अपने को ढालना होता है। इसीलिए इसे संस्कृतिकरण कहते है। हमारे देश में दिल्ली, हरियाणा, हिमाचल प्रदेश, उत्तर प्रदेश, बिहार, गुजरात, जम्मू कश्मीर, बंगाल आदि राज्य इस चरण के अंतर्गत आते हैं। जहाँ पर चर्च बिना शोर मचाये गरीब बस्तियों में विशेष रूप से दलितों को प्रलोभन आदि देकर उनका धर्म परिवर्तन करने में लगा हुआ है।
द्वितीय चरण में विस्तार होता है। छोटा चर्च अब एक बड़ा बन जाता है। उसका विस्तार हो जाता है। अब वह छुप-छुप कर नहीं अपितु आत्म विश्वास से अपनी उपस्थिती दर्ज करवाता है।
1. स्थानीय सभा के स्वरुप में परिवर्तन- अब वह हर रविवार को आम सभा में लाउड स्पीकर लगाकर अपनी उपस्थिति दर्ज करवाता है। अनेक लोग सालाना ईसाई बनने लगते है। अब उसके पादरी ईसाई मत की क्यों श्रेष्ठ है और पगान स्थानीय देवी देवता क्यों असफल हैं। ऐसी बातें चर्च की दीवारों के भीतर खुलेआम बिना रूकावट के बोलने लगते है। न केवल उनका आत्मविश्वास बढ़ जाता है। अपितु वह धीरे धीरे आक्रामक भी होने लगते है। कुछ अंतराल में बड़ी बड़ी चंगाई सभाओं का आयोजन चर्च करता है। पूरे शहर में पोस्टर लगाए जाते है। स्थानीय टीवी पर उसका विज्ञापन दिया जाता है। दूर दूर से ईसाईयों को बुलाया जाता है। विदेशी मिशनरी भी अनेक बार अपनी गोरी चमड़ी का प्रभाव दिखाने के लिए आते है।
2. चर्च के साथ मिशनरी स्कूल//कॉलेज का खुलना- अब चर्च के साथ ईसाई मिशनरी स्कूल खुल जाता है।  उस  स्कूल में हिन्दुओं के बच्चे मोटी मोटी फीस देकर अंग्रेज बनने आते हैं। उन बच्चों को रोज अंग्रेजी में बाइबिल की प्रार्थना करवाई जाती है।  ईसा मसीह के चमत्कार की कहानियां सुनाई जाती हैं। देश में ईसाई समाज की गतिविधियों के लिए दान कहकर धन एकत्र किया जाता है।  जो हिन्दू बच्चा सबसे अधिक धन अपने माँ-बाप से खोस कर लाता है। उसे प्रेरित किया जाता है। जो नहीं लाता उसे नजरअंदाज अथवा तिरस्कृत किया जाता हैं। कुल मिलाकर इन ईसाई कान्वेंट स्कूल से निकले बच्चे या तो नास्तिक अथवा ईसाई अथवा हिन्दू धर्म की मान्यताओं से घृणा करने वाले अवश्य बन जाते हैं। इसे आप का जूता आप ही के सर बोले तो अतिश्योक्ति नहीं होगी।
3. बिज़नेस मॉडल- चर्च अब धर्म परिवर्तित हिन्दुओं को अपने यहाँ रोजगार देने लगता है। चर्च शिक्षा, स्वास्थ्य,अनाथालय, NGO आदि के नाम पर विभिन्न उपक्रम आरम्भ करता है। चपरासी, वाहन चालक से लेकर अध्यापक , नर्स से लेकर अस्पताल कर्मचारी, प्रचारक से लेकर पादरी की नौकरियों में उनकी नियुक्ति होती हैं।  कुल मिलाकर यह एक बिज़नेस मॉडल के जैसा खेल होता हैं। धर्म परिवर्तित व्यक्ति  को इस प्रकार से चर्च पर निर्भर कर दिया जाता है कि अब उसे न चाहते हुए भी चर्च की नौकरी करनी पड़ती हैं। अन्यथा वह भूखे मरेगा। जिससे धर्म परिवर्तित वापिस जाने का न सोचे। यह मॉडल विश्व में अनेक स्थानों पर आजमाया जा चूका हैं।
4. बाइबिल कॉलेज- चर्च अपने यहाँ पर धर्म परिवर्तित ईसाईयों के बच्चों को चर्च द्वारा स्थापित Theology अर्थात धार्मिक शिक्षा देने वाले विद्यालयों में भर्ती करवाने के लिए प्रेरित करता हैं। इस उद्देश्य दूसरी पीढ़ी को अपने पूर्वजों की जड़ों से पूरी प्रकार से अलग करना होता हैं। इन विद्यालयों में वे बच्चे पढ़ने जाते है जिनके माता-पिता में हिन्दू धर्म के संस्कार होते है। उनके बच्चें एक सच्चे ईसाई के समान सोचे और वर्ते। हिन्दू देवी-देवताओं और मान्यताओं पर कठोर प्रहार करे और ईसाई मत का सदा गुणगान करे। ऐसा उनकी मानसिक अवस्था को तैयार किया जाता है। इन  Theology कॉलेजों से निकले बच्चे ईसाइयत का प्रचाररात-दिन करते हैं।
5. पारिवारिक कलह – ईसाई चर्च इस कला में माहिर है। जिस परिवार का कोई सदस्य ईसाई बन जाता है तथा अन्य सदस्य हिन्दू बने रहते है। वह घर झगड़ों का घर बन जाता हैं। शुरू में वह ईसाई सदस्य सभी सदस्यों को ईसाई बनने का दबाव बनता हैं। घर के कार्यों में सहयोग न करना। हिन्दू त्योहारों को बनाने का विरोध करना। हिन्दू देवी देवताओं की निंदा करना। अपनी क्षमता से अधिक दान चर्च को देना। अपनी पत्नी और बच्चों को ईसाई न बनने पर संसाधनों से वंचित करना। अपने माँ-बाप को ईसाई न बनने के विरोध में सुख सुविधा जैसे भोजन,कपड़े,चिकित्सा सुविधा आदि न देना। यह कुछ उदहारण है। अपना एक अनुभव साँझा कर रहा हूँ। बात 2003 की है। मैं कोयम्बटूर तमिल नाडु में MBBS का छात्र था। मेरे समक्ष  एक परिवार जो ईसाईयों के पेंटाकोस्टल सम्प्रदाय से था। अपने मरीज का ईलाज करवाने आया। इस ईसाई सम्प्रदाय में दवा के स्थान पर रोगी का ईसा मसीह की प्रार्थना से चंगा होने को अधिक मान्यता दी जाती है। उस परिवार का मुखिया अन्य सदस्यों के न चाहते हुए भी अस्पताल से एक गंभीर रोगी की छुट्टी करवाकर चंगाई प्रार्थना करवाने के लिए चर्च ले गया। रोगी का क्या हुआ होगा सभी समझ सकते है। जो ईसाई यह लेख पढ़ रहे है। वे कृपया आत्मचिंतन करे क्या परिवारों को उजाड़ना यीशु मसीह का कार्य है?
 इस दूसरे चरण में तमिलनाडु, कर्नाटक, मध्य प्रदेश, छत्तीसगढ़, उड़ीसा, झारखण्ड, पंजाब आदि राज्य आते है।  इन राज्यों में सरकारें चर्च की गतिविधियों  की अनदेखी करती है। क्यूंकि वह चर्च के कार्यों में फालतू हस्तक्षेप करने से बचती है। सरकार की नाक के नीचे यह सब होता है मगर वह कुम्भकर्णी नींद में सोती रहती हैं।
तीसरे चरण में चर्च एक विशाल बरगद बन जाता है। इस चरण को “प्रभुत्व” का चरण कहते है। इस चरण में ईसाई मत का गैर ईसाईयों के प्रति वास्तविक सोच के दर्शन होते है। चर्च के लिए इस चरण में जायज और नाजायज के मध्य कोई अंतर नहीं रहता। वह उसका साम-दाम दंड भेद से अपने उद्देश्य को लागु करने के लिए किसी भी हद तक जाता है।
1.  हिंसा का प्रयोग -हिंसा पूर्व में उड़ीसा में ईसाई धर्म परिवर्तन का विरोध करने वाले स्वामी लक्ष्मणानंद जी की हत्या करना भी इसी नीति के अंदर आता हैं। उत्तर पूर्वी राज्य त्रिपुरा में रियांग जनजाति बस्ती थी। उस जनजाति ने ईसाई बनने से इंकार कर दिया। उनके गावों पर आतंकवादियों द्वारा हमला किया गया।  उन्हें हर प्रकार से आतंकित किया गया। ताकि वह ईसाई बन जाये। मगर रियांग स्वाभिमानी थे। वे अपने पूर्वजों की धरती छोड़कर आसाम में आकर अप्रवासी के समान रहने लगे। मगर धर्म परिवर्तन करने से इंकार कर दिया। खेद है कि कोई भी मानवाधिकार संगठन ईसाईयों के इस अत्याचार की सार्वजानिक मंच से कभी निंदा नहीं करता।
2. सरकार पर दबाव- अपने संख्या बढ़ने पर ईसाई समाज एकमुश्त वोट बैंक बन जाता है। चुनाव के दौर में राजनीतिक पार्टियों के नेता ईसाई बिशप के चक्कर लगाते है। बहुत कम लोग यह जानते है कि देश के पूर्व प्रधानमंत्री राजीव गाँधी ने तो मिजोरम में भारतीय संविधान के स्थान पर बाइबिल के अनुसार राज्य चलाने की सहमति प्रदान की थी। पंजाब जैसे राज्य में सरकार द्वारा धर्म परिवर्तित ईसाईयों के लिए सरकारी नौकरियों में एक प्रतिशत आरक्षण की व्यवस्था है। मदर टेरेसा दलित ईसाइयों के आरक्षण के समर्थन में दिल्ली पर धरने में बैठ चुकी है। (कमाल है धर्म परिवर्तन करने के पश्चात भी दलित दलित ही रहते हैं। ) केरल और उत्तर पूर्व में राजनीतिक पार्टियों के टिकट वितरण में ईसाई बहुल इलाकों में चर्च की भूमिका सार्वजानिक हैं। गोवा जैसे राज्य में कैथोलिक चर्च के समक्ष बीजेपी जैसी पार्टियां भी बीफ जैसे मुद्दों पर चुप्पी धारण कर लेती हैं। तमिलनाडु में तत्कालीन मुख्यमंत्री जयललिता द्वारा पहले धर्म परिवर्तन के विरोध में कानून बनाने फिर ईसाई चर्च के दबाव में हटाने की कहानी अभी ज्यादा दिन पुरानी बात नहीं हैं। नियोगी कमेटी द्वारा प्रलोभन देकर जनजातियों और आदिवासियों को ईसाई बनाने के विरोध में सरकार को जागरूक करने का कार्य किया गया था। उस रिपोर्ट पर सभी सरकारें बिना किसी कार्यवाही के चुप रहना अधिक श्रेयकर समझती हैं। मोरारजी देसाई के कार्यकाल में धर्म परिवर्तन के विरोध में विधेयक पेश होना था। उस विधेयक के विरोध में मदर टेरेसा ने हमारे देश के प्रधानमंत्री को यह धमकी दी कि अगर ईसाई संस्थाओं पर प्रतिबन्ध लगाया गया, तो वे अपने सभी सेवा कार्य स्थगित कर देंगे। इस पर देसाई जी ने प्रतिउत्तर दिया कि इसका अर्थ तो यह हुआ कि ईसाई समाज सेवा की आड़ में धर्मान्तरण करने का अधिक इच्छुक है।  सेवा तो केवल एक बहाना मात्र है। खेद है कि मोरारजी जी की सरकार जल्दी ही गिर गई और यह विधेयक पास नहीं हुआ। इस प्रकार से ईसाई चर्च अनेक प्रकार से सरकार पर दबाव बनाता है।
3. गैर ईसाईयों के घरों में प्रभुत्व के लिए संघर्ष- ईसाई समाज से सम्बंधित नौजवान लड़के-लड़कियों को ईसाइयत के प्रति समर्पण भाव बचपन से सिखाया जाता हैं। पाश्चात्य संस्कृति से प्रभावित होने के कारण उनका आपस में वार्तालाप चर्च के परिसर में, युथ प्रोग्राम में, बाइबिल की कक्षाओं में, गर्मियों के कैंप में, गिटार/संगीत सिखाने की कक्षाओं में आरम्भ हो जाता हैं। इस कारण से अनेक युवक युवती आपस में विवाह भी बहुधा कर लेते है। इसके साथ साथ वे अपने कॉलेज में पढ़ने वाले गैर हिन्दू युवक-युवतीयों से भी विवाह कर लेते हैं। इस अंतर धार्मिक विवाह को कुछ लोग सेक्युलर सामाज का अभिनव प्रयोग चाहे कहना चाहे। मगर इस सम्बन्ध का एक अन्य पहलू भी है। वह है प्रभुत्व। ईसाई युवती अगर किसी हिन्दू युवक से विवाह करती है तो वह ईसाई रीति-रिवाजों, चर्च जाने, बाइबिल आदि पढ़ने का कभी त्याग नहीं करती। उस विवाह से उत्पन्न हुई संतान को भी वह यही संस्कार देने का पूरा प्रयत्न करती है। वही अगर ईसाई युवक किसी हिन्दू लड़की से विवाह करता है,  तो वह अपनी धार्मिक मान्यताओं को उस पर लागु करने के लिए पूरा जोर लगाता है। जबकि गैर ईसाई युवक- युवतियां अपनी धार्मिक मान्यताओं को लेकर न इतने प्रबल होते और न ही कट्टर होते है। इस प्रभुत्व की लड़ाई में गैर ईसाई सदस्य बहुधा आत्मसमर्पण कर देते हैं। अन्यथा उनका घर कुरुक्षेत्र न बन जाये। धीरे धीरे वे खुद ही ईसाई बनने की ओर चल पड़ते है। ईसाई समाज के लड़के-लड़कियां हिन्दू समाज के प्रबुद्ध वर्ग जैसे डॉक्टर, इंजीनियर, वकील, बहुराष्ट्रीय कंपनी में कार्यरत युवक-युवतियों से ऐसा सम्बन्ध अधिकतर बनाते हैं। इस प्रक्रिया के दूरगामी परिणाम  पर बहुत कम लोगों की दृष्टि जाती हैं। कम शब्दों में हिन्दू समाज की आर्थिक, सामाजिक, नैतिक प्रतिरोधक क्षमता धीरे धीरे उसी के विरुद्ध कार्य करने लगती हैं। पाठक स्वयं विचार करे।  यह कितना चिंतनीय विषय है।
4. व्यापार नीति- बहुत कम लोग जानते है कि संसार के प्रमुख ईसाई देशों के चर्च व्यापार में भारी भरकम धन का निवेश करते हैं। चर्च ऑफ़ इंग्लैंड ने बहुत बड़ी धनराशि इंग्लैंड की बहुराष्ट्रीय कंपनियों में लगाई हुई है। यह विशुद्ध व्यापार है। यह एक प्रकार का चर्च और व्यापारियों का गठजोड़ है। इन कंपनियों से हुए लाभ को चर्च धर्मान्तरण के कार्यों में व्यय करता है। जबकि व्यापारी वर्ग के लिए चर्च धर्मान्तरित नये उपभोक्ता तैयार करता है। एक उदहारण लीजिये चर्च के प्रभाव से एक हिन्दू धोती-कुर्ता छोड़कर पैंट-शर्ट-कोट-टाई पहनने लगता है। व्यापारी कंपनी यह सब उत्पाद बनाती है। चर्च नये उपभोक्ता तैयार करता है। उसे बेचकर मिले लाभ को दोनों मिलकर प्रयोग करते हैं। यह प्रयोग अनेक शताब्दियों से संसार के अनेक देशों में होता आया हैं। प्रभुत्व के इस चरण में अनेक छोटे देशों की आर्थिक व्यवस्था प्रत्यक्ष रूप में इस प्रकार से बहुराष्ट्रीय कंपनियों और परोक्ष रूप से चर्च के हाथों में आ चुकी हैं। यह प्रक्रिया हमारे देश में भी शुरू हो चुकी हैं। इसका एकमात्र समाधान स्वदेशी उत्पादों का अधिक से अधिक प्रयोग हैं।
5. सांस्कृतिक अतिक्रमण- विस्तार चरण में चर्च सांस्कृतिक अतिक्रमण करने से भी पीछे नहीं हटता। वह उस देश की सभी प्रचीन संस्कृतियों को समूल से नष्ट करने का संकल्प लेकर यह कार्य करता हैं। आपको कुछ उदहारण देकर समझाते है। केरल में कथकली नृत्य के माध्यम से रामायण के प्रसंगों का नाटक रूपी नृत्य किया जाता था। ईसाई चर्च ने कथकली को अपना लिया मगर रामायण के स्थान पर ईसा मसीह के जीवन को प्रदर्शित किया जाने लगा। तमिलनाडु में भरतनाट्यम नृत्य के माध्यम से नटराज/ शिव की पूजा करने का प्रचलन है। चर्च ने भरतनाट्यम के माध्यम से माता मरियम को सम्मान देना आरम्भ कर दिया। हिन्दू त्योहारों जैसे होली,दीवाली को प्रदुषण बताया और 14 फरवरी जैसे फूहड़ दिन को प्रेम का प्रतीक बताकर मानसिक प्रदुषण फैलाया। हर ईसाई स्कूल में 25 दिसंबर को सांता के लाल कपड़े पहन कर केक काटा जाने लगा। देखा देखी सभी हिन्दुओं द्वारा संचालित विद्यालय भी ऐसा ही करने लगे। किसी ने ध्यान नहीं दिया कि वे लोग किसका अँधा अनुसरण कर रहे है। इसे ही तो सांस्कृतिक अतिक्रमण कहते है।
तृतीय चरण में हमारे देश के केरल, उत्तर पूर्वी राज्य नागालैंड, गोवा आदि आते है। जहाँ की सरकार तक ईसाई चर्च की कृपा के बिना नहीं चल सकती। हिन्दुओं की इन राज्यों में कैसी दुर्गति है। समीप जाकर देखने से ही आपको मालूम चलेगा। अगर तीसरा प्रभुत्व का चरण भारत के अन्य राज्यों में भी आरम्भ हो गया तो भविष्य में क्या होगा?  यह प्रश्न पाठकों के लिए है। हिन्दू समाज को अपनी रक्षा एवं बिछुड़ चुके अपने भाइयों को वापिस लाने के लिए दूरगामी वृहद् नीति बनाने की अत्यंत आवश्यकता है। अन्यथा बहुत देर न हो जाये!
(यह लेख मैंने अपने जीवन के पिछले 15 वर्षों के अनुभव के आधार पर लिखा है। दक्षिण, मध्य और उत्तर भारत में रहते हुए मैंने पर्याप्त समय ईसाई समाज के विभिन्न सदस्यों के साथ संवाद किया। यह लेख उसी अनुभव के आधार पर आधारित है। – डॉ विवेक आर्य)
(सलंग्न चित्र में आप संस्कृतिकरण की छाप स्पष्ट देख सकते है। ईसा मसीह को जबरदस्ती श्री कृष्ण के साथ नत्थी करने का प्रयास किया जा रहा है। विस्तार चरण में इन्हीं श्री कृष्ण के चित्र की ईसाई पादरी निंदा करेंगे और प्रभुत्व चरण में जो कोई ईसाई बहुल इलाके में श्री कृष्ण की पूजा करेगा।  उसका पूरा विरोध चर्च  सदस्य करते हैं।)
(नोट – यह लेख पहले यहां छपा है)

Estimated Indian Demography in 2041


By: V. R. Vidyashankaran

The Institute of World Demographics Researchers have predicted Religion wise Population Statistics of India from Year 1948 to 2017 and the expected statistics on the same lines up to Year- 2041 in India are as below:

Year- 1948
Hindu : 88.2 %
Muslim: 6 %

Year- 1951
Hindu: 84.1 %
Muslim: 9.8 %

Year- 2011(Estimated )
Hindu: 79.8 %
Muslim: 15.0%

Year- 2011 (Official)
Hindu: 73.2 %
Muslim: 22.6 %

Year- 2017 (Actual)
Hindu: 68.6 %
Muslim: 27.2 %

Year- 2021(Estimated)
Hindu: 65.7 %
Muslim: 32.8 %

Year- 2031 (Estimated)
Hindu: 60.4 %
Muslim: 38.1 %

India will get its first Muslim Prime Minister in 2030 General Elections.

Year- 2037 (Estimated)
Hindu: 55.0 %
Muslim: 43.6 %

Year- 2040 (Estimated)
Hindu: 30.5%
Muslim: 66.9%

Year- 2041 (Estimated)
Hindu: 11.2 %
Muslims: 84.5 %

There is still time for a few decades more to just enjoy your life (and politics) as Brahmins, Jats, Jain, Sikhs, Dalits, Baniya and countless other castes, and sub-castes!

Dok La Solved! Get Ready to Chinese Offensive!


By: Shreepal Singh

Updated on October 26, 2017:

Satellite imagery shows that China has amassed a force of at least 3000 strong brigade just near Doklam, within a striking range, with tanks, armoured vehicles etc. All camouflaged. See the report here:  Doklam sattelite imagery of Chinese troops

Warning:
It is entering into the Chinese deception to assume that Doklam stand-off is resolved.

Chinese are the master in deception since their rise as a communist power. Their reputation has been dented in the Doklam stand-off and they cannot allow it to happen as their determined goal is to transform China as the “sole and uncontested” world power.

What India can do:

Draw a long term strategy to “isolate Tibbet, hold it militarily and make it free”. Find out what is required to achive this:

  1. Armaments
  2. International sympathy

  3. Tie down China in South China Sea island confrontation in joint international venture of US, Japan, Vietnam, India

  4. Aim your BrahMos to pulverise suitable military target(s) which also have political importance

  5. Lead the world in voicing human rights violation of Chinese people and help them in dissidence

  6. Speed up Make in India in military technologies

  7. Deploy all forces as if ever ready to strike the target of your choosing

  8. Silence Indian internal dissidence and disruption by opportunist political forces by speeding up CBI, FIRs, arrests, court cases … no dithering.

  9. Rouse national sentiments by honoring forces.

Old post: August 29, 2017.

Dok La site is silent. Indian and Chinese troops were face to face within 150 meters in an aggressive stand-off between them. And, now both sides have withdrawn their soldiers back within their interior terrotaries. And, India is in celiberating mood.

Beware India! Most probably an aggression is coming your way. It is a fact embedded in this withdrawl that China has been halted by India in its “Road building project” and it means this stumbling block has adversely affected the Chinese intended trajectory, which is against the character of this pseudo-communist state. It is a test between “complacency” and “caution” for India. Why do we say so? Here are the reasons:

  1. India must remember that China has a long-term goal of transforming itself into an uncontested sole power in Asia to pave its way to the end destination of being the world’s super power;

  2. All its strategies are made to serve this goal. To forget this basic principle of China would be the greatest mistake of India.

  3. It can not forgo its long terms or short term objectives. It can only change its strategy in pursuits of these objectives. Therefore, beware of the comming assault. The only question is: When and how? What are the ways historically adopted by China in assaulting an enemy?

  4. China launches an offensive when you least expect it. It is the strategy, which China has perfected since its rise as a communist state. Surprise always has an advantage – sometimes the decisive advantage – in military affairs. The foundation of this tactic is deceit. A simple methodology is adopted: They will talk to you; invite you to talk; make some hopefully seeming compromising gestures; relying on them – hope of peace – you are in their trap. It is a calculated move to make you lull. It is the first lesson India must learn. Dok La seems to have achieved this Chinese objective – to make the enemy India lull.

  5. If they seem to be compromising in talks, be alert to the coming offensive. And, in Dok La China seems to be compromising. It is better to err on the correct side. Prepare yourself and be ready. If you are not visibly prepared and taken in for their sweet talks, you are gone in their trap. Therefore, to meet this strategy of China and to frustrate their calculated outcome of this strategy, India would do well to be ready – fully ready with its entire arsenal – to launch a counter offensive in accordance with its own planned strategy.

  6. China is expert in launching a quick offensive – and after winning a stunning but short victory in this offensive – and suddenly and promptly declaring cease-fire, end of hostilities, truce, peace and, singing the virtues of peace, leaving the disputed issue as it is and offering to resolve this issue by negotiations and talks. It is a tested strategy. The advantages of this strategy are: you demoralize the enemy; you make your enemy to mentally prepare to accede to some of your (China’s) demands; to enhance your military stature among the possible next victims and make them psychologically ready to give you (China) concessions, albeit unwillingly; it is not for nothing that Philippines – even after winning a legal case against China in an international judicial forum – is ready to forgo its legal victory and willing to negotiate with China.

  7. Do not allow China to cut short a possible long war; take the war inside the territory of the enemy; Chinese soldiers are nowhere in bravery of the Indian soldiers; they cannot withstand the Indians for long. In today’s capitalist China, there is no indoctrinated zeal left in the army and they are a mere professional army, like that of any other country. India is not for war; it has never been for war; but if the war is imposed, India should not – and will not – slick to answer the threat. Therefore, never allow China to reap this calculated advantage of this strategy of hit, win and go home; there must be imposed a heavy tax on such strategies.

  8. The ‘Absolute’ truth of military science today is: It is not the soldiers who fight; it is the technology that fights and soldiers merely make this possible for the technology to let do its work. What is to be done and when, is all decided by the technological capabilities. Therefore, while there is peace, India would do well to put all its technological capabilities and advantages in place to meet the emerging possibility of war with China. The lesson to be learnt is: Err on the correct side. After all, there is no harm in getting fully ready, except that it would cost some extra money.

  9. India should take full advantage of its imagery satellites to locate the enemy’s potential targets of military importance and deploy its arsenal aiming at them in advance to work when the need arises.

  10. India also needs to change its policy towards China on a long term basis. India should devise an original plan centered on Tibet and have a dedicated team comprising topographical and military experts to study the feasibility of cutting Tibet from the rest of China and holding this mountain land militarily as an independent country, like Bhutan. Commensurate with its needs, India should search for and source the needed military hardware. This strategy should be the strategic pivotal point in dealing with China.

  11. Dok La seems to have been resolved. So, let India advocate peace; hope for peace but be ready for an eventual aggression!

Tippu Sultan: The Destroyer of Hindu Temples


By: Author unknown

1 of 3:

The Mysore Gazetteer says that the ravaging army of Tippu Sultan had destroyed more than 8000 temples in South India. The temples of Malabar and Cochin principalities had to bear the brunt of plunder and destruction.

The History of Cochin by K.P. Padmanabha Menon and History of Kerala by A. Sreedhara Menon narrate some of them:

“In the month of Chingam 952, Malayalam Era (corresponding to August, 1786) Tippu’s Army destroyed idols of the famous Perumanam Temple and desecrated all the temples between Trichur and Karuvannur river. ” The list of the temples destroyed by Tippu is long one. Some of the temples destroyed were:

Hemambika Temple of Kallekulangara, also known as Emoor Bhagavathy temple, the Family Deity (Kula Devata) of the royal family of Palakkad.

Keraladhiswara Maha Vishnu Temple, Tanur Town, Malappuram Dist.

Jain Temple in Palghat .

Irinjalakuda Tiruvilvamala Temple dedicated to Rama and Lakshmana. It is a twin temple complex situated on top of Vilvadri Hill which is located to the North of Thrissur Town.

Mammiyur Siva Temple in Guruvayur Town.

Thiruvanchikulam Mahadeva Temple, in Methala Panchayat, south of Kodungallur Municipal town on NH 17.

Triprangode Siva Temple near Tirur.

Thrichabaram Sri Krishna Temple near Taliparamba, Kannur Dist.

Taliparamba Siva Temple, Kannur District.

Tiruvanjikulam Siva temple near Kodungallur.

Vadakkum-Nathan Temple of Trichur.

Varakkal DurgaTemple, West Hill Kozhikode.

Trikkandiyur Mahadeva Temple, Tirur Town, Malappuram Dist.

Sukapuram Dakshinaamoorthy Temple, near Edappal, Malappuram.

Vadukunda Siva temple at Vengara village Kannur District.

Pariharapuram Subrahmanya Temple, Ramanathakara, Kozhikode District.

Vadukunda Siva Temple of Madai, Kannur District.

Thrikkavu Durga Temple of Ponnani was converted into Military Garrison.

According to the Malabar Gazetteer, the following important temples were destroyed by Tippu’s Army.

Tali Mahadeva Temple, Kozhikode.

Sree Valayanadu Bhagavathy Temple, Govindapuram, Calicut.

Tiruvannur Siva Temple, Kozhikode.

Shri thirpuraikal Bhadrakali Temple, Puthur, Palakkad District.

Narayankannur temple at Ramantali, Kannur District.

Even the Tirunavaya Temple known all over India as a centre of Rig Veda teaching was destroyed.

Tippu personally ordered the destruction of Calicut which was the capital of the Zamorin Rajas.

In the case of Triprayar Temple, the main deity was shifted temporarily to Gnanappilly Mana situated in a remote village. However, both of them were brought back and ceremoniously installed after the withdrawal of Tippu from Malabar towards the end of 1790.

Following the route of his father Hyder Ali who attacked Guruvayur in 1766, Tippu Sultan attacked Guruvayur temple in 1789 after destroying the Mammiyur Shiva Temple and two other Sri Krishna Temples in the vicinity of the famous Guruvayur Temple. Those two Sri Krishna Temples destroyed in the town of Guruvayur by Tippu are being recovered by the Hindus; one is being renovated as the Parthasarathy Temple and the other one as Tirupathy Balaji Temple.

The 4,000 year old Narasimhamoorthy Temple near Angadipuram was destroyed by Tippu’s Army, rebuilt in 1946 and destroyed again by the Moplah Muslims.

http://www.malaparamba-narasimhamoorthy.org/

is the website of that Narasimhamoorthy Temple which is now being reconstructed.

A large band of Moplah fanatics desecrated the Tiru-mandham-kunnu Bhagawati shrine at Angadipuram, Valluvanadu Taluk. [Pg 186, Malabar Manual. by William Logan (1841-1914) .

Logan was a Scottish officer of the Madras Civil Service under the British Government. Before his appointment as Collector of Malabar, he had served in the area for about twenty years in the capacity of Magistrate and Judge. The highly acclaimed Malabar Manual was the result of his strenuous research and study of various official records, oral history, and legends of Kerala.To commemorate this British official’s work and life in Thalassery town, the main road that cuts across the town is named after him as “Logan’s Road”.]

The Muslim mosque at Kathiroor, near Chokli in Kannur District is almost a temple. Historians feel that it was originally a temple but converted into a mosque in the wake of Hyder Ali’s or Tippu’s destructive march over Kerala.

The Malabar Manual mentions that the Maniyoor mosque was once a Hindu temple. The local belief is that it was converted to a mosque during the days of Tippu Sultan.

According to certain personal diary notes of Tippu Sultan, the Chirackal Raja offered to pay over Rs. 4 lakh in gold and silver to save the destruction of the local Hindu temples by Tippu’s army. But, true to his fanatical jihadi character, Tippu replied that “even if the entire world is offered to me, I will not desist from destroying Hindu temples” (Freedom Struggle by Sardar Panicker). It was the reply of a typical Islamic ruler!

Tippu’s jihadi soldiers made it a point to slaughter cows en masse. To rub it in, they always slaughtered a cow at the very spot where a Hindu moorti was worshipped, before erecting a mosque in its place. Most of the time, the moorti was smashed and placed at the steps of some mosque for the “faithful” Muslims to tread upon as they came for prayer.

In the wake of that murderous jihadi aggression by the barbarous Muslim Tippu Sultan more than eighty percent of the temples were destroyed in Malabar.

By: Prashant Nair

2 of 3:

In 1193, Bhakhtiyar Khilji torched the Nalanda University and destroyed it, citing the reason that the entire system didn’t suit their Islamic ideology and culture.

Many centuries later, we again have the misfortune of affronting   similar kind of barbarism.  Just a few years back in Kerala, the Calicut University authorities not only withdrew the third year correspondence course history text book acquiescing to the demand of Islamic fundamentalists but also burned the entire published lot.

The text book contained portions of Tipu Sultan’s conquest of Malabar, which mentioned the atrocities committed by him on Hindus during that time.

In Kerala, the trend has become such that, by the forceful interference of Islamists and  the leftists, the authorities are mutilating the factual history especially that of the Tipu’s conquest that saw hundreds of temples destroyed, thousands of Hindus killed or converted and the wealth of Malabar looted.

There is an effort going on in Kerala to paint Tipu as a secular social reformer and to convert his bloody conquest as a social revolution. Tipu’s conquest of North Kerala from 1766 to 1793 destroyed the peaceful social-cultural lives of the people there. The conquest not only ruined the economy of Malabar but also the religious demography there.

Let us see what the historians have said:

Vadakannoor Rajaraja Varma wrote in  “Kerala Samskrita Sahitya Charithram” that  the favourite hobbies of Tipu and his father Hyderali was to burn Temples, destroy the idols and behead cows in front of Temples.

K.V. Krishna Iyer, Historian of Kozhikode wrote- “ The attack of Hindus by Tipu’s army should be compared to world’s most cruel and barbaric persecution on a community as a whole”.

Ilamkulam Kunjan Pillai (Wrote in the Mathrubhumi weekly of 1955 December 25):

“During the conquest of Tipu, Kozhikode town was the centre of Brahmin. There were around 7000 odd households at that time. About 2000 homes were destroyed by Tipu’s attack. He didn’t even spare women and children. Men absconded to neighboring regions and forests. Population of Mohammedans increased. Hindus, in groups, were forced to do sunnath (circumcision) and convert to Islam. After Tipu’s conquest the population of Nairs became negligible and Namboothiris very low”.

Temples destroyed by Tipu:

Kozhikode: Thali, Sree Valayanadu, Kavu, Thiruvannur, Varaykkal, Puthoor, Govindapuram, Thalikunnu temples in Kozhikode town and many temples in the outskirts were destroyed by Tipu’s army.

In the rest of Malabar:

Malabar Gazette says even the famous Thirunavaya temple also wasn’t spared by Tipu’s army. Temples in Vettathunadu- Keraladheeswaram, Thrikandiyoor, Thriparangodu were also destroyed by Tipu.

The Gopuram and idols of Thrikavu temple in Ponnanni  were destroyed and the place was converted to ammunition store of Mysore army.

SouthMalabar: Temples in Kodikunnu, Thrithala, Panniyoor, Shukapuram, Perumparambu in Edappal

Guruvayoor Temple: When the news of Tipu’s army approaching Guruvayoor reached the people of the holy town, the devotees took Guruvayoorappan’s Idol and escaped from there. Tipu and his army marched forward and on the way they destroyed Palayoor Christian Church and looted households.  It started raining heavily and Tipu stopped his journey. The rain continued for 2 days and Tipu was forced to retreat.

Thus his dream of demolishing and looting Guruvayoor Temple was thwarted, perhaps by a Divine Intervention.

Temples in North Travancore:

Thiruvanchikulam Siva temple in Aluva was looted and destroyed by Tipu’s army.  Venkitachalapathi Devaswom temple in North Paravur and Makhanji temple near Manjali kunnu were destroyed by Tipu in 1790 on his second conquest after getting defeated by Travancore Army.

Varapuzha Catholic Carmalite Church and education centre attached to it was attacked by Tipu’s army. They demolished the church and adjacent buildings, and burned the books and records.

Travancore Army defeated Tipu’s army:

The atrocities of Tipu didn’t end with demolishing Temples, Churches and Jain temples, but included converting Hindus forcefully to Islam on a large scale, raping and molesting Hindu women, killing men, women and children and looting the economy of Malabar.

The brave Army of Travancore finally defeated Tipu at the battle of Nedumkotta in 1789. Tipu injured in the battle had to retreat and left with a permanent lameness.

3 of 3:

By: Dr. Sai

This is the story of the brothers who challenged Tipu and killed him; Mandya’s valiant brothers, who have been made anonymous by pseudo-historians.

“To take control of a nation, it is necessary to erase its true history, to make scarce the stories of courage and acts of valor of their ancestors for the present and future generations, to make people ashamed of their own ancestors”, thus goes the Communist way of thinking.

This is what they did in Russia and China and have been doing in India. DoddananjeGowda and Urigowda were the two brave hearts whose story has been banished into the dungeons of history by the dominent Communist historians; for, these bothers who were loyal to the Mysuru throne, killed Tipu Sultan and saved Karunadu from Islamic rule.

Haidar Ali, who joined the Mysuru army as a common soldier, rose to become the General and by 1761, had taken control of the kingdom by deceit, from Krishnaraja Wodeyar II, who was the reigning king of Mysuru.

Even though Haidar Ali was a dictator, to the external world he pretended to be a representative of the king only. He was cruel by nature but he was not a religious fanatic. But his son, Tipu Sultan, was a born fanatic and he mercilessly massacred everyone who supported Rajamata Lakshmi Ammani’s resolve to rid the curse that had befallen Mysuru. When the Rajamata was still determined to take over the throne again, it was Doddananje Gowda and Urigowda who stood solidly behind her.

At the time when the Mughals, who were foreign invaders, had taken control of a large portion of Bharata, the Vijayanagara Empire established by Hakka-Bukka in Hampi, stood like a bulwark against the sword of Islam in the South. When Islamic fanaticism raised its ugly head in the Mysuru state, these two brothers were at the forefront to free the state.

In Malavalli, Tipu’s army did not fight with the British alone. It was an army of local people led by Doddananje Gowda and Urigowda that forced Tipu to flee the battleground. It was Doddananje Gowda who surrounded Tipu’s fortress and beat Tipu to pulp. When Tipu was trying to escape, a common soldier of the British army fired a bullet and killed him. But history books teach us that a British soldier killed Tipu while there is no mention of the brave brothers, Doddananje Gowda and Urigowda.

This is how our real history has been hidden from us. It is our misfortune that most people do not even know the names of these two warriors. Let alone the common man, even leaders of the Vokkaliga community are not aware of this piece of history or these heroes of their community.

Today’s youths have forgotten real heroes of the past and are busy idolising the very tyrant who terrrorised their ancestors. Is this not a grave injustice to the memory of Doddananje Gowda and Urigowda? Will the Vokkaliga community come together at least now, to recognize and acknowledge the valour of their heroes and stop eulogising the enemy who killed their own people?

Vokkaliga youths must seek answers from their conscience. We must learn self-respect from Doddananje Gowda and Urigowda and shun slave mentality forever.

Know Thy Foes! A List of Hindu-Haters!


By: François Gautier

 

Hindus should at least know who are their enemies. Jews have shown us that to remember, helps to make sure that atrocities do not happen again.

Let us not forget that the biggest genocide ever – is that of the Hindus – which has been calculated at 100 million victims, from the Hindu Kush to the Mumbai attacks of 2006.

 This list, which is compiled without any hatred or malice, is not complete. I am counting on you to raise this fifty to a hundred. If you think I missed someone, facebook it to me, with the name and two or three paragraphs on why you think he or she is an enemy of the Hindus.

 It would be also interesting to compile separately a list of say, the ten or twenty biggest enemies of Hindus in the US (or UK, or Canada) that could be circulated worldwide and damper the activities of these people….

 I have also made a hit parade of the ten countries that I feel are inimical to Hindus.

 HERE THE LIST:

  1. Thomas Babington, 1st Baron Macaulay. Played a major role in introducing English and western concepts to education in India. This was good and one cannot deny that English gives India an edge, say compared to China, in dealing with the West and conducting business. Yet, Macaulay had very little regard for Hindu culture and education: « all the historical information which can be collected from all the books which have been written in the Sanskrit language, is less valuable than what may be found in the most paltry abridgement used at preparatory schools in England ». Macaulay thus succeeded in fashioning a class of “brown Sahibs”, who thought and acted British. Today, much of India’s intelligentsia and Media stands proof that Macaulay succeeded: they look down on their own culture and analyse India through the western Prism
  2. Indian National Congress. Few people know that the Indian National Congress was founded on 28 December 1885 by a Britisher, A.O.Hume. Its goals were to « allow all those who work for the national (read British) good to meet each other personally, to discuss and decide of the political operations to start during the year”. And certainly, till the end of the 19th century, the Congress, who regarded British rule in India as a “divine dispensation”, was happy with criticising moderately the Government, while reaffirming its loyalty to the Crown and its faith in “liberalism” and the British innate sense of justice”!!! Real nationalist leaders like Sri Aurobindo or Tilak, were side-lined by the ‘Moderate’ Congress’. Today, we find that the British succeeded in implanting an eternal love of the ‘White’ in the Congress, witness the sycophancy around Sonia Gandhi.
  3. Jawarlhal Nehru. Nehru, writes French historian Alain Danielou, “was the perfect replica of a certain type of Englishman. He often used the expression ‘continental people’, with an amused and sarcastic manner, to designate French or Italians. He despised non-anglicised Indians and had a very superficial and partial knowledge of India. His ideal was the romantic socialism of 19th century Britain. But this type of socialism was totally unfit to India, where the conditions were totally different from 19th century Europe. The Congress has today made an icon out Nehru, which nobody has yet dared to touch, but as History will show more and more, Nehru did tremendous harm to India by initiating movements and patterns, which not only did vast damage in their times, but continue to survive and weigh down the Indian nation, long after their uselessness has been realized.
  4. Babur. Do you know what Jawarlhal Nehru wrote about Babur the destroyer of the Ram mosque in Ayodhya? “ Babur did not like India and preferred to isolate himself in the exquisite gardens he had devised, with their geometrical design, their crossed canals, which evoked to him the rivers of paradise”. The truth is that Babur was probably the most ferocious Moghol emperor, indulging in unnecessary massacres and that he razed thousands of temples. His ultimate goal was the destruction and the enslaving of the Hindus. It is sad that today Indian History books do not mention his crimes.
  5. Sonia Gandhi. It is a fact that Sonia brought discipline, order and cohesion into the Congress party. But the amount of power, that she, a non-Indian, a simple elected MP, like hundreds of others, possessed when the Congress was in power for ten years, should frighten us: a word, nay a glance of her was sufficient to trigger action by her entourage, using any means – witness how P. Chidambaram would have allowed Narendra Modi to be killed by a Israt Jahan, a known terrorist. Thus, the instruments of power had never been so perverted in India. The CBI blatantly and shamelessly quashed all injunctions against Quattrochi and even allowed him to get away with billions of rupees which he had stolen from India. Yet, without batting an eyelid, and with the Indian Media turning a blind eye, it went ruthlessly after Narendra Modi, the then Chief Minister of the most efficiently run state, the most corruption free. Sonia Gandhi continues to be a danger to Hindus, because if by some freak chance Modi loses in 2019, as Vajpayee did before him, Sonia will again become the empress of India.
  6. The Pope. Christianity, unfortunately, is still clinging in the belief of a single true God, Jesus Christ, in spite of the feeble attempts at “Ecumenism” of the Church. In fact as church attendance is dropping drastically in the West, as less and less youth are willing to become priests and nuns and as the Church is shaken by paedophilia scandals, the Pope’s call “for the Evangelisation of Asia in the Third Millennium” is a clear indication that, like the Tobacco companies having less customers in the West, the Church is looking for new converts in the Third World ! It would be all right if the Church was playing by the rules of the free market, where there is a certain amount of fairness: “you see what advantages my religion is bringing you, compare it with your own and then feel free to chose”. But, sadly, the missionaries are using unethical means to convert the poorest of the poor Hindus in India: offering free medical treatment, free schooling, interest-free loans, even going as far as organizing “fake miracles” prayer meetings, as it is regularly done by American Preacher Benny Hinn. They do it in India, but they dare not do it in China, where freedom of religion is curtailed and any missionary caught proselytising is kicked out. Would Hindus dare convert Christians in France, for instance ? You are joking : there is not a single Hindu temple in France, as their construction has not been allowed and there is even a minister in charge of hunting down “sects” (meaning what is not Christian-oriented).
  7. Rahul Gandhi. No doubt Rahul Gandhi is a decent, well meaning man, though totally ignorant of India’s culture and spirituality as his father was. But his ignorance makes him a dangerous man. Remember the Wikileaks cables, where Rahul Gandhi tells the American ambassador that Hindu terrorism was more dangerous than Islamic terrorism: “The bigger threat may be the growth of radicalized Hindu groups, which create religious tensions and political confrontations with the Muslim community”. It seems also that Rahul and his mother wanted to make an example of Colonel Purohit & Sadhvi Pragya to please their Muslim electorate and that direct orders were issued from 10 Janpath to get a confession out of him and Sadhvi Pragya at any cost, even torture.
  8. The Communist Party of India. Very few people know that the communists refused to collaborate against the Nazis during the 2d World War, because Russia was then allied with Germany. Their attitude during the war with China in 1962 was also very ambivalent and today newspapers like the Hindu or Frontline are just mouthpieces of the Chinese points of view. Most Marxists in India are anti-Hindu as a principle (Marx was against religion) and their intellectuals are adept at Hindu bashing. Ata time when Marxism is dead all over the world, including in Cuba and China, India is the last refuge of communism. Though communists have a certain sincerity (they generally are not corrupt and live a simple life, contrary to many Indian politicians), it is not a gift to India, as they contribute very little to India’s growth, with their constant strikes and demands. Naxalism which is a great danger for this country is also an offshoot of communism.
  9. Pryanka Gandhi. Nobody wants to bother Priyanka Gandhi as long as she leads her life, raises her children and is an Indian like another India. But in case her mother Sonia leaves India or something happens to her, Priyanka – and not Rahul – will be the natural choice of the Congress to take up the reins. Would Priyanka think and act differently from her mother, brother, father and grandfather ? Unlikely. She will think like a Christian and a westerner, not like an Indian and adopt Nehru’s misplaced socialist and popular idea’s, which have bogged down India in corruption and red tape. Plus her husband Robert Vadra, a man who multiplied his wealth by 600 in five years, is an albatross around her neck.
  10. Barkha Dutt. Most probably Barkha started like a young and idealistic journalist. But the fact that she was married twice to a Kashmiri Muslim, must have influenced her mind. The power that came with NDTV, as it grew into the most sophisticated TV news channel, and her proximity to the Congress party, also went to her head. From a young journo, Barkha turned into a Hindu basher – you just have to listen to the Radia tapes to understand that. Also, woe to those who disagree with her in her interviews and programs, as she rudely interrupts them when she feels like it. There are also accusations of corruption against her and her boss Prannoy Roy.
  11. Kancha Ilaiah . Known for his immensely controversial book, `Why I am not a Hindu’, Kancha Ilaiah, is a converted Christian, who hates Hindus, particularly Brahmins, whom he accuses of all the possible evils. This hatred makes him irrational. For instance he recently said that vegetarianism is anti-nationalism : “For me, my nation starts with eating beef. Unfortunately, we gave up eating beef and our brains are not growing now. There is no enough protein,”… How stupid can you be, when many westerners are now turning to vegetarianism ?
  12. Aamir Khan. Once upon a time, Aamir Khan, benefited from the goodwill of all, Muslims as well as Hindus. His TV program on social issues, Satyamev Jayata, even raised his status to a crusader for human rights. Then slowly the mask dropped, and one could see that he was no different from the average Muslim, when it came to Hindus, the BJP and Narendra Modi. His reflection on ‘Intolerance ‘ and that his (Hindu) wife wanted to leave India, alienated him from many of his supporters. His anti-Hindu gurus film, like PK, created too a lot of enmity. Not a friend of Hindus.
  13. Shah Rukh Khan. As Aamir Khan, Shah Rukh is also married to a Hindu, but raises his kids as Muslims, and whenever it suits him, plays the minority card (Pakistan invited him many times to settle there). What one should understand is that it is like elections in India: Aamir’s and Shah Rukh’s Muslim fan base in India is so huge, that they don’t really care about Hindus. In fact, playing a little anti-Hindu card, pleases their Muslim fans and does no harm to their image, as Hindus anyway never retaliate, even by boycotting their films.
  14. Amartya Sen. This one is a deadly enemy of Hindus, much more than many, because he got the Nobel Prize, teaches in Oxford and is highly respected in the West. But make no mistake about it: Amartya Sen is a true Marxist and he rode his fame on the back of his false theories about poverty in India and in the West. It is a pity that the Congress Govt gave him the Nalanda University project for which he did nothing. He should become persona non grata in India.
  15. Rajdeep Sardesai. Rajdeep is a nasty guy and not an honest journalist – witness the incident when he sat on a sting interview that showed the Congress paying bribes to BJP MLA’s to defect. He was also seen in his true light in New York, where he portrayed himself as a victim of a hard-line Hindu, whereas the video replays showed that in fact he was the aggressor. No doubt, Rajdeep is a personal enemy of Narendra Modi and has never hid his dislike of the BJP. There have been many rumours that his father, converted to Christianity late in life and that may have influenced Rajdeep, for he has definitely a Christian-Marxist view of India and Hindus.
  16. Angana Chatterjee. Angana Chatterjee, is one of the most venomous anti-Hindu in the USA. The irony is that she is a Hindu herself and started in an association named after India’s avatar, himself a great defender of Hindus, Sri Aurobindo. You need to know that she is married to Richard Shapiro who is Director and Associate Professor of the Grad. Anthropology Program at CIIS, also a very anti-Hindu body. In fact, Shapiro was barred from entering India in 2010. Angana and Richard are of course great defenders of the Kashmiri Muslims and attend every International Kashmir Freedom Conference (IKFC), which only gives the Muslim point of view and ignores the 450.000 Kashmiri Hindus who have become refugees in their own country.
  1. Teesta Setalvad. First it should be known that Teesta is a Hindu herself, who like Barkha Dutt, is married to a Muslim, Javed Anand. Javed, is General Secretary of Muslims for Secular Democracy, a virulent anti-Hindu organization. Using her organization Teesta Setalvad’s name has come to symbolize everything that is wrong with NGO activism in India. She has used any means to go after Hindus, particularly their leaders and specially Mr Narenda Modi. Unfortunately, Teesta has been repeatedly exposed for having indulged in unethical acts and has cases pending against her in courts for perjury. The truth is that Teesta Setalvad is a law unto herself & has total disregard for the rule of law or for victims. Her anti-Hindu agenda is her source of income from foreign agencies. She has taken the courts for a ride with her perjury and her acts of influencing witnesses. She has misused the lack of education and poverty of victims to file false affidavits to further her own agenda.
  2. Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb was a monster not only to Hindus, but also to his own family: he beheaded his brother Dara Shikoh, who was the rightful heir to the throne, poisoned his own father, imprisoned his son…Yet, Romila Thapar, Harbans Mukhia and Bipan Chandra, once upon a time professors at the JNU in New Delhi, the Mecca of secularism and negationism in India, denied the Aurangzeb genocide on Hindus by replacing it instead with a conflict of classes. What are the facts? Aurangzeb (1658-1707) did not just build an isolated mosque on a destroyed temple, he ordered ALL temples destroyed, among them the Kashi Vishvanath, Krishna’s birth temple in Mathura, the rebuilt Somnath temple on the coast of Gujurat, the Vishnu temple replaced with the Alamgir mosque now overlooking Benares and the Treta-ka-Thakur temple in Ayodhya. … Thank God Shivaji Maharaj, a true Hindu hero brought him to his knees. Yet Shivaji is treated as a nobody in Indian History books and Aurangzeb like a stern but just emperor…..
  3. John Dayal The most virulent and articulate Christian anti-Hindu, John and many other Indian Christian leaders and bishops, is not only practicing a Christianity which had its place 50 years ago in Europe (but is no more today, as Western Christianity is evolving), but are also re-embracing the old colonial missionary concept that Christ is the only ‘true’ God and that all ‘heathens’ Hindus have to be converted. John Dayal is all the time lobbying in the West, particularly with the US Congress, testifying that ‘Christians are persecuted in India’, whereas actually Christians have been the worst persecutors in the world, wiping out ruthlessly entire cultures, like those of the Aztecs in South America.
  1. Irfan Habib, At last, Irfan Habib have been side-lined by the Modi Government! He and Romila Thapar ruled supreme for nearly 40 years in devising Indian school curriculum. Together they have falsified Indian History with total impunity and went after the Hindus full steam. Irfan Habib continued the legacy of his father, Mohamed Habiib, to rewrite the Chapter of Muslim invasions in India. Habib father and son’s books are based on four theories: 1) that the records (written by the Muslims themselves) of slaughters of Hindus, the enslaving of their women and children and razing of temples were “mere exaggerations by court poets and zealous chroniclers to please their rulers”. 2) That they were indeed atrocities, but mainly committed by Turks, the savage riders from the Steppe. 3) That the destruction of the temples took place because Hindus stored their gold and jewels inside them and therefore Muslim armies plundered these. 4) That the conversion of millions of Hindus to Islam was not forced, “but what happened was there was a shift of opinion in the population, who on its own free will chose the Shariat against the Hindu law (Smriti), as they were all oppressed by the bad Brahmins”…!!!
  2. Ramachandra Guha, Outlook magazine’s favourite columnist, is a renowned Hindu/ Hindu gurus/Hindu culture hater, who like Rahul Gandhi, recently said that “Hindu fundamentalism is more threatening than Islamic terrorism”. He has written a number of books targeting Hindus and their spiritual leaders. Unfortunately, as many of these leftist intellectuals, he is fairly popular in the West and often quoted by western correspondents based in India.
  1. Romilla Thapar. The most renowned Indian historian, who has links with all Indologists in the world, universities & India centers. As Rajiv Malhotra writes: “Hindu spiritual experiences are devalued by Romila Thapar, as pathological.  She resorts to a quasi-scholarly speculation of racial hatred as existing in entire Indian traditions, demonizing the ‘other’, a technique to justify holding such people in contempt and even attacking them’.  This is exactly the same thesis that is being spread today by Maoist insurgents working among remote tribes in central India, namely, that demons mentioned in Hinduism are actually references to tribal people ». Today even, most of the intellectuals, journalists and many of India’s elite have been influenced by that school of thinking and regularly ape its theories. Romila Thapar is a traitor to her own culture and society, for she is a Hindu.
  2. N Ram & the Hindu newspaper. Long time editor of the newspaper the Hindu, who should be renamed the “Anti-Hindu”. N. Ram is a fervent disciple of Marxism and communist China. The magazine of the Hindu, Frontline, although well written, as the Hindu, perpetuates a dead ideology. Unfortunately the Hindu is still read by many in India, including westerners in the South of India.
  3. Sagarika Ghose & CNN IBN, Rajdeep Sardesai’s wife shares his beliefs and hatred for the Hindus. It’s a tragedy that CNN IBN is so partial towards Hindus and sympathetic to anybody who is anti-Hindu. Why did CNN, a renowned western television, choose to partner someone who is against the majority community of their country?
  4. Mamta Banerjee. It is said that Mamta Banerjee is a Kali worshipper and does regular pujas when she is alone in her house. Unfortunately Mamta has realized that she can get elected as West Bengal Chief Minister on the sole strength of the Muslim vote. She thus panders to them, turning a blind eye to the atrocities committed on the Hindus by the Bangladeshis refugees, who are given ration cards so that they can vote for Mamta. Sad also that she chose to say ‘Allah O Akbar’ when she just got re-elected. To what depths will Indian politicians sink to get votes? Hindus are becoming minorities in certain districts of WB, Assam or UP. That is a tragedy and something should be done.
  5. Akbaruddin Owais. Proof that India is a democracy lies in the fact that people like Owais and his brother can not only rant against the Hindus and preach near secession, but also get elected. There has to be some limits to preaching hatred and separatism.
  6. Geelani & other Kashmiri separatists. How can the Indian Government allow these separatists to openly visit the Pakistani embassy in Delhi or travel to Pakistan to take instructions from their masters? No country tolerates that kind of open separatism, be it France with Corsica, or even England with the faraway Falkland Islands, which geographically belong to Argentina. How to forget too that the Muslims chased out of the Valley of Kashmir 500.000 Hindus who had lived there for generations and had not done any harm?
  7. Zakir Naik. Zakir Naik tried to hurt religious sentiments of Hindus by denigrating Shri Ganesh; that too, during the Ganesh Festival. He has given a challenge to Hindus, through the medium of ‘Facebook’ and ‘You-tube’, to prove that Shri Ganapati is a Deity. He also made an anti-Hindu statement that ‘If your God is unable to recognise his own son, how will he know that I am in danger’. By making such comments Naik has hurt religious sentiments of billions of Hindus. It has also created rage among members of Shiv Sena, BJP and various pro-Hindu organisations, Ganeshotsava Mandals and devout Hindus. Naik also went after Sri Sri Ravi Shankar in the famous debate.
  8. Christophe Jaffrelot. This most famous French Indologist, paid by the French Government, who wrote many a nasty books on ‘Hindu fundamentalism’ and is most responsible for the bad image of the BJP in France. Funnily, he regularly comes to India to release the English translations of his books and is feted by the Press corps and gets all kind of laudatory reviews. So much for secularism in India. Jaffrelot, Sanjay Subramanyam (who teaches in the prestigious College de France), and others in France – keep harping on India’s problems – castes, poverty, so called-Hindu fundamentalism, etc. I know for a fact that in France, it has an influence on the top bureaucrats and the politicians, as every time something important happens in India – elections, catastrophes, riots, etc, their slanted opinions are sought by newspapers radios and televisions.
  9. NGO’s. NGO’s in India are most of the time anti-Hindus. 70% of them work on “woman empowerment”, or “uplifting” the villagers in tribal areas, which is good, but should be done in a neutral manner with friendliness to the Indian Govt. It is nowadays fashionable in India to always highlight the downtrodden condition of Indian women and their underprivileged place in Indian society. But no country in the world has granted such an important place to women in its spirituality and social ethos. And even today, behind all appearances – arranged marriages, submission to men, preference of male children in some rural areas (but girls are loved in India like nowhere in the world) – it can be safely said that very often, from the poorest to the richest classes, women control –even if behind the scenes – a lot of the family affairs: the education of their children (men in India are often “mama’s boys”), monetary concerns, and husbands often refer to them for important decisions. Countries such as France or the United States, who are often preaching India on “women’s rights” never had a woman as their top leader, whereas India had Indira Gandhi ruling with an iron hand for nearly twenty years; and proportionately they have less MP’s than India, which is considering earmarking 33% of seats in Parliament for women, a revolution in human history! But this obsession of NGO’s with women and village empowerment (usually they take one village and make it like a showcase, for the benefit of visiting donors from abroad) has completely eclipsed the burning issue that would require NGO’s attention with the tremendous amount of funds they attract from abroad : afforestation, as there are hardly any forest worth the name left today in India.
  1. Karunanidhi. Karunanidhi and before him his mentor, Anna, exploited to the hilt the Dravidian theory. According to this theory, which was actually devised in the 18th and 19th century by British linguists and archaeologists, who had a vested interest to prove the supremacy of their culture over the one of the subcontinent, the first inhabitants of India were good-natured, peaceful, dark-skinned shepherds, called the Dravidians. Then, around 1500 B.C., India is said to have been invaded by tribes called the Aryans : white-skinned, nomadic people, who originated somewhere in Ural, or the Caucasus. To the Aryans, are attributed Sanskrit, the Vedic – or Hindu religion, India’s greatest spiritual texts, the Vedas, as well as a host of subsequent writings, the Upanishads, the Mahabharata, the Ramanaya, etc. And thus English missionaries and later, American preachers, were able to convert tribes and low caste Hindus by telling them : ” you, the aborigines, the tribals, the Harijans, were there in India before the Aryans; you are the original inhabitants of India, and you should discard Hinduism, the religion of these arrogant Aryans and embrace, Christianity, the true religion”. Karunanidhi also exploits this theory and he and Anna have made life for Tamil Brahmins so miserable that many left Tamil Nadu for Delhi or even the US.
  1. Wendy Doniger. This American Hindu hater, supposedly, a historian, says that “Rama thinks that sex is putting him in political danger (keeping his allegedly unchaste wife will make the people revolt), but in fact he has it backward: Politics is driving Rama to make a sexual and religious mistake; public concerns make him banish the wife he loves. Rama banishes Sita as Dasharatha has banished Rama. Significantly, the moment when Rama kicks Sita out for the second time comes directly after a long passage in which Rama makes love to Sita passionately, drinking wine with her, for many days on end; the banishment comes as a direct reaction against the sensual indulgence. Her latest book, ‘’The Hindus: An Alternative History’ was written intentionally to mock Hinduism.
  2. Akbar. Akbar is one of the goody-goodies in Indian History books, like Ashoka because he was a Buddhist, that Marxist historians like to glorify. No doubt, Akbar was one of the better Mughal emperors, but did you know that when he captured Chittor on February 25, 1568, he ordered that the thirty thousand civil population be butchered, including women and children who has taken shelter in the fort ? Destruction of temples also took place on mass scale in Akbar’s reign and it is even said that he ordered that a mountain be made of the tufts of the Brahmins’ hairs.
  3. Michael Witzel, Professor of Sanskrit at Harvard, Witzel must be one of the worst enemies of Hindus in the USA, as shown recently when he tried to prevent the removal of references to India, Hinduism in the curriculum followed by schools in California which parents of Indian origin found to be inadequate, inaccurate or just outright insensitive.   Known for aggressively pushing theories forged by Left historians of the Romila Thapar genre that have been long discredited through scientific means, including DNA studies, this ‘linguist’ is known for promoting himself as a ‘historian’ in academic circles. His proximity to Left historians in India is no secret.   Such is Prof Witzel’s contempt for Indians who live and work in the US that he has not minced words running them down as an ethnic group. On one occasion, he declared: “Hindus in the US are lost or abandoned people.”
  4. Amnesty International. . Amnesty International, which has a large number of Pakistanis in its staff, has always been hostile to Hindus. I remember showing an exhibition on Kashmir in London at the prestigious Commonwealth Club. The south Asia Amnesty in charge, refused to come and see it – although the Club was just a stone throw away from Amnesty’s London office. What did the Kashmiri Hindus do that Amnesty considers them untouchable? And how come that the Muslims of the Valley who chased them by terror and made them flee their ancestral lands and homes are not condemned by Amnesty? It triggers a lot of questions about Amnesty’s impartiality…
  5. Prannoy Roy (CEO of NDTV) No doubt, Prannoy Roy created one of the best TV channels in India, in term of content and professional quality, but from the beginning, NDTV’s slant was anti-Hindu. Why? Did you know that Prannoy is married to Radhika Roy, who is the sister of Brinda Karat, one of the leading lights of the communist party of India (CPI(M))? The sad thing is that many BJP leaders always run to NDTV, to be crucified by Barkha Dutt, Pranno’s second in command today.
  6. Chidambaram. There are many questions asked today about the role of P Chidambaram when he was in power during the ten years of the Congress. As Finance Minister, he went after Hindus by clamping down on Hindu institutions that had the 100% yoga tax rebate; as Home minister, his role is even more dubious: he had cleared an affidavit in 2009 which described college student Ishrat Jahan as a Lashkar-e-Taiba terrorist involved in a plot to assassinate then Gujarat chief minister Narendra Modi. About a month later, a second affidavit was filed in court in which all references to Ishrat’s alleged terror links were missing. Did Chidambaram, with the knowledge of Sonia Gandhi close his eyes on an assassination plot on the person of Mr Narendra Modi? As the Home Minister of India, it would be a crime.
  7. Sitaram Yechury. Yechury is an intelligent man and a brilliant speaker – but he is an enemy of Hindus. He for instance went full steam against Mr Modi’s declaration of June 21 as International Yoga, which was supported by the UN General Assembly and which should not cause any problem, as yoga is a universal technique that is practiced all over the world, by millions of Christians. Oh, but the hitch is that Yoga is a Hindu invention – hence Mr Yechury’s hostility, who famously said: “under this BJP government’s aggressive global campaigns, India appears to be seeking a global positioning not on the basis of its internal strength, economic or otherwise, but on the basis of such ‘accomplishments’ as having the UN General Assembly declare International Yoga Day on June 21”.The fact that a senior communist leader in India fails to see the potential to leverage the acceptance and spread of Yoga across the world as a means to further India’s global influence and power is a testament to the monumental intellectual bankruptcy inflicting the communists in India.
  8. Mother Teresa.  Mother Teresa is still the worst publicity for India. No doubt, she did saintly work. This said, one may wonder: What did Mother Teresa really stand for? Was caring for the dying and orphaned children her only goal? Mother Teresa never attempted to counterbalance this negative image of India, of whom she was the vector, by a more positive one. She could have said for instance that she was worshipped in a country of 800 million Hindus. The truth is that she stood for the most orthodox Christian conservatism. There is no doubt that ultimately Mother Teresa’s goal was utterly simple: to convert Hindus to Christianity, the only true religion in her eyes.
  9. Karan Thapar. Karan Thapar, who owns ITV, which unfortunately produces shows for BBC, is one of the most famous faces of journalism in India. Karan Thapar’s father was General Pran Nath Thapar COAS during 1962 war, and his aunt is Romila Thapar. Does that explain why Karan, though a decent man, is known for his anti-Hindu bias? Once he invited me on a program about the painter M.F. Husain, who as you know has depicted Hindus’ most revered Gods fornicating or even sodomizing each other. I had brought on the show photocopies of these paintings, a solid evidence of Husain’s hatred of Hinduism, but Karan refused that I showed them on camera. So much for ITV’s journalistic impartiality…
  10. Javed Akhtar. Though Javed Akhtar came out recently against those who opposed saying ‘Bharat Mata Ki jai’, he is also known as a Hindu baiter. I remember him going full steam against Sri Sri Ravi Shankar and Hindu gurus in an Indian Today symposium a few years ago. Akhtar also repeatedly equated the Gujarat 2002 anti-Muslim riots to the Jewish holocaust. As one of his detractors said: “it is impossible to believe that Akhtar isn’t aware of the horrors at Auswitz or Sobibor to compare them with rioting in Gujarat”? Does Alhtar also ignore that 56 innocent Hindus, amongst them 32 women and children were burnt to death like animals in the Sabarmati Express at Godhra? And that this was the spark that ignited the riots? Again we see how anti-Hindus twist facts and truth…
  11. Shabana Azmi. Aktar’s second wife, Shabana Azmi is a fine actress. Nevertheless she is also a Hindu baiter. When she was invited to the international film festival of Deauville in France, I read the numerous interviews where she kept harping about “Hindu fundamentalists”, and repeatedly lambasted the “Right Wing” BJP Government and accused them of turning a “blind eye” to the attacks towards India’s minorities, while portraying herself as a courageous social activist fighting for freedom of expression. She also only spoke “en passant” about Muslim fundamentalism. Again the old trick to either equate Muslim and Hindu fundamentalism, or even in the case of Azmi, Rahul Gandhi and others, to say that Hindu fundamentalism is more dangerous than the Islamic one. What a joke…
  12. Akar Patel. Akar Patel, a subtle but redoubtable Hindu hater, is sadly the head of Amnesty International India (one can see there the perversion of Amnesty, to name a Muslim as its head in a country inhabited by 80% Hindus). Akar indeed always rants against Narendra Modi and the Hindu majority, saying: “one must be neutral.”  but “we dissent against our own country, because dissent is patriotic”. However he adds: “Anyone opposing us (Amnesty International?), is morally deficient and a repugnant human being”. Akar Patel’s virulent hatred for the majority community is not masked. He wrote : “Most  extremists in India are not Muslims , they are Hindu Maoists”.
  13. Arundhati Roy. Cousin of Pranoy Roy, she was married to Gerard Da Cunha first and then to film maker Pradip Kirishen. Arundhati is a pure product of Christianity hiding under an intellectual mask plus hard-core Marxism. Apart from her first book the ‘God of Small things’, Arundhati never wrote again anything of value. She is most happy in the company of maoists, naxalites Tamil Elam and Kashmiri separatists.  Roy famously said: “Kashmir has never been an integral part of India and the Indian Govt is at war with Maoists to aid the MNCs”. She also says Modi is promoting Brahmanism. After the “intolerance” debate , she returned her National award for screenplay. Nobody cared…
  14. Father Cedric Prakash. This Indian Christian priest has been most active in betraying his own country in the US, amongst Congress parliamentary committees. In June 2002, he testified before the US Commission for International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) in Washington, so about the lack of religious freedom in India… .His is a clear case of an Indian citizen asking an alien nation tintervene in India’s domestic affairs. Fr. Prakash has been a vocalcritic of Narendra Modi, often in collaboration with John Dayal and Teesta Setalvad.
  1. Martha Nussbaum. A virulent anti-Hindu American, no doubt supported by Anjana Chatterjee and her ilk. Her pronouncement: “perpetrators of violence are not Muslims but Hindus”, is proof enough of that. Her interest in India started while working for Amartya Sen, with whom she shared an intimate relationship, a fact she herself bragged about. Before the 2014 Parliament elections, Amartya Sen had said that he wouldn’t like Modi to be the PM of India. Martha does not have any qualification or training in archaeology, Sanskrit, geology,or metallurgy, yet writes with authority about the dating of the Vedas.
  1. Hillary Clinton. Hillary Clinton has no great love for India and often leans towards Pakistan (her vice chairman of the 2016 election campaign is Huma Mahmood Abedin, of Pakistani origin). Maybe the numerous infidelities of her husband Bill, made her into a hard and cynical woman, but if she becomes President of the US, she will be no friend of India and Hindus. Her attitude towards Islam and Muslim fundamentalism is also ambiguous and she is probably closer to Obama’s views, than any other presidential candidate. You can expect continuing support, financial and in armaments to Pakistan if she is elected.
  2. Medha Patkar. Another NGO, who very selectively targets only Hindus. Her Narmada dam agitation had one target only: Narendra Modi. Yet the dam has proved to be the biggest factor to Gujarat’s prosperity, bringing electricity, water, propserity to all, Hindus as well as Muslims. Medha was also involved in many movements that blocked Mr Modi’s visas in the UK and the US and that tried to stop him from becoming Prime Minister
  3. The Mahatma Gandhi ? I put it with a question mark, as I consider him as a great soul indeed. But there are many who point out that he never seemed to have realised the great danger that Nazism represented for humanity. Calling Hitler “my beloved brother”, a man who murdered 6 million Jews in cold-blood just to prove the purity of his own race, is more than just innocence, it borders on criminal credulity. And did not Gandhi also advise the Jews to let themselves be butchered?…His not condemning Muslims during the Khalifat movement when thousands of Hindus were butchered by Indian Muslims, or his indulgence of Jinnah, going as far as proposing to make him the Prime Minister of India, have not always earned him Hindu goodwill. Gandhi’s love of the Harijans, as he called them, was certainly very touching and sprang from the highest motivations, but once more Gandhi took the European element in the decrying of the caste system, sowing the seeds of future disorders and of a caste war in India, of which we see the effects only today.
  1. HINDUS THEMSELVES. Hindus, it must be said, are their own biggest enemies. They must be some of the most selfish and individualistic people in the world: rich Hindus never help their poorer brothers and sisters – that’s’ why the Mother Teresa’s and Sonia Gandhis are able to flourish in India. A Hindu abroad never acknowledges another Hindu, but pretends he or she does not exist. You can insult Hindus and their Gods and Goddesses as much as you want and nothing will happen to you. A billion Hindus have not raised a finger about the 450.000 Kashmiri Pandits who became refugees in their own country after they were chased out by terror from the Valley of Kashmir in the 90’s.. Hindus today don’t give a damn whether their children know about the Ramayana, the Mahabharata or the Bhagavad Gita, where every truth that needs to be known about life, after life, karma, dharma and soul is taught. Modern Hindu children do not go to temples, pray or know what is a puja. Hindus do not care to have colleges where Hindu values are imparted, like the Muslims have (Aligarh university for instance) The only one ever, the Benares Hindu University, should not be called ‘Hindu’, as nothing Hindu is taught there anymore. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, who alone with a few hundred men, stood his ground against the most powerful emperor of his times, has practically no place in Indian History books and is often described as a petty chieftain or even a plunderer. So is Maharana Pratap, the ONLY Rajput who fought against the Moguls and actually defeated Akbar in Hadilgathi. Hindus who tend to merge and melt wherever they live – and in the process, lose some their identities and togetherness. And finally the most deadly and vicious intellectuals that we have reviewed above, are Hindus most of them. They are the ones that should be targeted, in a non-violent but firm manner.

COUNTRIES:

  1. China. After six decades of bitter experience at the hands of the Chinese, of double talk, betrayal and contempt, – India still gets hoodwinked by the Chinese You should also know that China still occupies one third of Ladhak, which it took during the 62 war, still claims for itself the whole of Arunachal Pradesh and has not only furnished Pakistan with its missiles (c/o North Korea), but has given them the know-how to manufacture nuclear weapons ? How can Indians say that China is not a security menace to India ? Doesn’t he know also that according to the CIA, China has transferred one third of its nuclear arsenal to Nagchuka, 250 kms away from Lhassa, a region full of huge caves, which the Chinese have linked together by an intricate underground network and where they have installed nearly one hundred Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles, many of them pointed at Indian cities ? The reason for this is that the Chinese, who are probably among the most intelligent people in the world, have always understood that India is their number one economic, military and nuclear competitor in Asia (remember how China blocks India’s accession to the UN’s Security Council, which France supports).
  1. Pakistan. Pakistan is the continuing incarnation of those Muslim invaders who raped India from the middle of the 7th century onwards. Has anything changed: “their cry is still the same: “Dar-ul-Islam”, the house of Islam. Yesterday they used scimitars, today they have the atomic bomb; but the purpose is identical, only the weapons have evolved: to conquer India, to finish what the Mughal Emperors were not able to achieve”. To reason with Pakistan is useless, many conclude, “for once again they are only putting in practice what their religion teaches them every day -that ‘the Pagans shall burn forever in the fire of hell. They are the meanest of creatures’. Or ‘Slay the infidels, wherever ye find them and take them captive and besiege them and prepare them for all kinds of ambush’. Or again: ‘Choose not thy friends among the Infidels till they forsake their homes and the way of idolatry. If they return to paganism then take them whenever you find them and kill them’. All these quotations are taken from the Koran and are read everyday to the faithful by their mollahs.(Koran 98:51-9:5-4:89
  1. Bangladesh. In 1947, Muslims constituted only 70% of Bangladesh and Hindus, as well as Christians and Buddhists more than 30%, Today, Muslims are nearly 90 percent, making Bangladesh one of the largest Muslim countries in the world and Hindus, have shrunk to 7%. Successive governments have seized 2.5 million acres of land of the Hindus by using a racist law called the Enemy Property Act (renamed Vested Property Act by the secularists). Although finally this racist law was repealed, Khaleda Zia’s government has blocked its implementation (Country Report on Human Rights Practices – 2001, 2003, US Department of State). Through the 5th and 8th Amendments of the constitution the BNP and JP governments, virtually transformed the once secular Bangladesh into an Islamic state. Apart from money laundering and providing terrorists sanctuary, Bangladesh’s madrasas have become major recruiting and training centres for militancy. A CIA study says that Bangladeshi villagers are increasingly getting sucked into terrorism out of livelihood. The very porous border between India and Bangladesh is used as an infiltration route of militants to India, including those going to Kashmir and to the Northeast. The Indian Intelligence Bureau estimates that twenty million Bangladeshis live illegally in India, with the greatest concentration in West Bengal and Assam and this is creating havoc to the social, religious and cultural fabric of the North-East. Chief ministers, such as Mamta Banerjee routinely give rations cards to these illegal Bangladeshis so that they can vote. In West Bengal and Assma, Hindus have become minorities in certain districts are regularly beaten up, their temples ransacked, their women raped. Very few Hindus leaders have taken up their cause, save for Tapan Ghosh in WB.
  2. Nepal. Sonia Gandhi, whose government was propped-up by communists, did great damage to India’s interests, such as helping a Maoist government come to power in Nepal, the only Hindu state in the world. Here is a wonderful country, with simple and friendly people, which is the only Hindu nation in the world, which is so similar in many ways to India, that there is no reason to be antagonistic to a country with which they have so much in common. Yet the erstwhile kings and now the Maoist leaders in power, are often been able to play a divide and rule game by using the Chinese and blaming India for all the ills of Nepal which has become a haven for Pakistani agents.
  3. United States. The United States, seems sometimes to have an unconscious wish for a divided and weakened India. And did not Senator Galbraith say after the exploding of Yugoslavia that “India is next”? Right now, President Obama, whom the world hails as its savior of the moment, is putting immense pressure on India to negotiate with Pakistan and to do major concessions on Kashmir, which will endanger India’s integrity, as Kashmir is such a sensitive strategic state. The continuing propping up and arming of Pakistan, when its duplicity is so well document today, is also a mystery. One does not understand too how so many US Congress committees keep saying that there is no religious freedom in India, when there is actually more freedom here than in the USA. Luckily the Spratly Islands dispute has brought the US and India slightly closer. But there is still a long way to go before the USA really appreciates what an island of democracy and freedom India is in an Asia racked by Muslim fundamentalism, Christian unethical conversions and Chinese domination.
  4. Afghanistan. India is making great efforts to befriend Afghanistan, so as to balance Pakistan’s efforts, which props up the Taliban. But as soon as the US fully leaves this region, Afghanistan will go back to its wild Islamic ways and target India again. It’s a pity that once Afghanistan was part of a great Hindu empire and at some times too Buddhist.
  5. Sri Lanka. Extraordinary country that erstwhile Ceylon; God gave it everything: extraordinary climate, lush country, incredible diversity of races and religions, an easy-going and friendly people, who even welcomed its invaders. Yet the hate that the Sinhalese have for Indians is something to be seen to be believed. Again it is a hate which was fostered by their political leaders: Most Sinhalese presidents have become great adepts at using the hate-India carrot every time they get in trouble. And why should India be blamed for Sri Lanka’s ills? Was it India who discriminated for 40 years against the Tamil minority of Sri Lanka? Was it Indians who regularly prodded Sinhalese crowds to indulge in pogroms against the Tamils, thereby building-up a wall of hatred, so that today the Tamils in Sri Lanka cannot trust the Sinhalese anymore and want nothing but total independence? Today, the LTTE has been apparently wiped out, but make no mistake, the Tamil-Sinhalese divide will reappear under some form or the other.
  1. England. When Mountbatten left India with the British flag, ending three centuries of colonization, he made sure that India was permanently divided by propping-up Pakistan and establishing a foreign policy of always putting India and Pakistan on the same foot – policy that was taken-up by the US and Europe. Hindus were the British colonizer’s biggest enemy, that is why they also propped up Sikhs, Christians and Muslims to divide India. The birth of Khalistan can be traced to the British. Finally the British looted Hindu India and stole million of priceless artefacts which are still found in British Museums
  2. Canada. Canada is a subtle enemy of Hindus, solely because it has a huge Sikh population. The Canadians allowed them to breed separatism which led to the Air India Kanishka tragedy. Even then the Canadian government continued to show leniency to the Sikhs and today Trudeau does the same by having a Sikh minister and many Sikh MP’s who are friendly to the Khalistani cause
  3. Norway has been a backer of the Naxalite movement and the LTTE for a long time. These are mostly NGO’s and individuals, who often come to spend sometimes in villages of Andhra Pradesh or Bihar, to ‘uplift’ villagers, but have the tacit backing of their Government. It’s amazing also how Norway gives Peace Nobel Prizes to Indians that fit in their Protestant mould of thinking, such as and Mother Teresa, Amartya Sen or , and neglects real philantropers, such as Sri Sri Ravi Shankar.

 

(Notes: This article was originally published HERE. Who is Francois Gautier? Click HERE)

Rape Case: Can a ‘Feeble No’ be Considered ‘Yes’ of a Woman?


By: Parmanand Pandey, Advocate, Supreme Court (with addition by: Shreepal Singh)

Two recent judgements of Delhi and Punjab & Haryana High Courts resulting in the acquittal of accused persons, convicted by lower courts in rape cases, have created a flutter across the country. While the Delhi High Court has acquitted a high-profile filmmaker Mahmood Farooqui, who came into limelight for his film ‘Peepli Live’, which was themed on sensationalism in journalism. He was convicted by a lower Court of Delhi for raping a 26-year-old American researcher on the night of 28th March 2015. The logic for the acquittal of the accused filmmaker is highly unsettling because it has said that a ‘feeble no’ from the victim could be a consensual one. The Punjab and Haryana High Court has even gone to the extent of shaming the victim by saying that she happens to be of the ‘promiscuous character’.

The Delhi High Court says, ‘instances of woman behaviour are not unknown that a feeble ‘no’ may mean a ‘yes’. If the parties are strangers, the same theory may not be applied, if the parties are in some kind of prohibited relationship, then also it would be difficult to lay down a general principle that an emphatic ‘no’ would only communicate the intention of the other party. If one of the parties to the act is a conservative person and is not exposed to the various ways and systems of the world, mere reluctance would also amount to negation of any consent. But same would not be the situation when parties are known to each other, are persons of letters and are intellectually/academically proficient, and if, in the past, there have been physical contacts. In such cases, it would be really difficult to decipher whether little or no resistance and a feeble ‘no’, was actually a denial of consent’.

Judgement reads like a fiction, which elaborates that the victim has come to the house of the accused on his invitation. Both the victim and the accused consumed liquor in varying measures. The accused was displaying highly emotional behaviour in a drunken state. Somebody else was also to join them in the drinking session but he did not turn up. The victim’s inherent motherly love started overflowing towards the accused. Then the accused expressed his desire to make love with her. The victim initially says ‘No’ but ultimately goes along. In her mind, she remembered the case of Nirbhaya, a hapless girl who was brutally raped and killed and succumbed to the desire of the victim. She even made a mental move of feigning orgasm so as to end the ordeal and participated in the act. After completing the act, the accused asked her to do it again. In the meantime, the privacy was disturbed with the ringing of the doorbell and the arrival of the two associates of the appellant. The questions which arise are whether or not there was consent; whether the accused mistakenly accepted the moves of the victim as consent; whether the feelings of the victim could be effectively communicated to the accused and whether mistaking all this for consent by the accused is genuine or only a ruse for his defence. At what point of time and for which particular move, the accused did not have the consent of the victim is not known.

To answer the aforesaid questions, it would be necessary to see what the word “consent”, especially in relation to sexual activity, connotes. In normal parlance, consent would mean voluntary agreement of a woman to engage in sexual activity without being abused or exploited by coercion or threats. An obvious ingredient of consent is that, as consent could be given, it could be revoked at any time; rather any moment. Thus, sexual consent would be the key factor in defining sexual assault as any sexual activity without consent would be rape. There is a recent trend of suggesting various models of sexual consent. The traditional and the most accepted model would be an “affirmative model” meaning thereby that “yes” is “yes” and “no” is “no”. There would be some difficulty in a universal acceptance of the aforesaid model of consent, as in certain cases, there can be an affirmative consent or a positive denial, but it may remain underlying/dormant which could lead to confusion in the mind of the other. The sermon of the Court goes on and says that ‘in an act of passion, actuated by libido, there could be myriad circumstances which can surround a consent and it may not necessarily always mean ‘yes’ in case of yes or ‘no’ in case of no. Everyone is aware that individuals vary in relation to exposing their feelings. But what has to be understood is that the basis of any sexual relationship is equality and consent. The normal rule is that the consent has to be given and it cannot be assumed. However, recent studies reveal that in reality, most of the sexual interactions are based on non-verbal communication to initiate and reciprocate consent. Consent cannot also be analyzed without taking into account the gender binary. There are differences between how men and women initiate and reciprocate sexual consent. The normal construct is that man is the initiator of sexual interaction. He performs the active part whereas a woman is, by and large, non-verbal. Thus, gender relations also influence sexual consent because man and woman are socialized into gender roles which influence their perception of sexual relationship and expectation of their specific gender roles with respect to the relationship. However, in today’s modern world with equality being the buzzword and where both genders are vociferous in expressing that equality in every possible way, such may not be the situation’.

There is yet another aspect of the matter which has caught the attention of this Court. The wife of the appellant had a chance to read the communication between the victim and the accused and after coming to know about the alleged incident, she had corresponded with the victim wherein she had informed her that the accused had been under a rehabilitation regimen for his ‘bipolar mental condition’. The victim rubbished such an explanation by stating that the occurrence had to do more with the physical power of the accused than the mental condition. Though the mental condition of the appellant may not be a ground to justify any act which is prohibited under law, the same can be taken into consideration while deciding as to whether the accused had the correct cognitive perception to understand the exact import of any communication by the other person. Under such circumstances, the benefit of the doubt is given to the appellant.’

This is bizarre logic and it has shocked the conscience of the legal community.

The Punjab and Haryana High Court, which acquitted three persons, who were convicted for having raped a woman at Sonipat is equally disturbing. It is a well-established principle of the criminal jurisprudence that the benefit of doubt is given to the accused when his/her crime is not proved beyond all reasonable doubts but here in the case the court has not only acquitted the accused persons but damned the victims by quoting her statements from examination like, ‘it is correct that room was got booked by me on my own expense and I had also taken a pack of cigarettes, Viagra and condoms along with me’ and then goes on saying that ‘it is actually is reflective of a degenerative mindset of the youth breeding denigrating relationships mired in drugs, alcohol, casual sexual escapades and a promiscuous and voyeuristic world’. It further condemned the allegations of the victim to be an act of blackmailing.

The Court went on to say that ‘the testimony of the victim does offer an alternate story of casual relationship with her friends, acquaintances, adventurism and experimentation in sexual encounters and these factors would, therefore, offer a compelling reason to consider the prayer for suspension of sentence favourably particularly when the accused themselves are young and the narrative does not throw up gut-wrenching violence, that normally precedes or accompany such incidents’.

It is strange when there is growing awareness for the gender desensitization these judgements have dealt a severe blow to victims by letting off the accused on such grounds as are not found at all in substantive or procedural criminal law.

Addition by: Shreepal Singh

These judicial decisions rendered by the two High Courts have really opened a Pandora box by leaving a secured real world of humans (where ‘no’ means no) and entering into a virtual world of human psychology (where ‘no’ may mean yes).

Once the courts enter into such a wavy world, then there would be no end to their waywardness in the absence of any established light lit to shine their path, for which courts are not equipped to deal with. The courts are designed to deal with normal human beings in an organized society, which has evolved prudent ways to deal with their problems.

A normal human being is almost 50% his or her biology and the rest 50% his or her psychology. We are daily taught in our modern educational institutions that Sigmund Freud and Karl Jung had made epoch-making discoveries that the major part of human personality is shaped by their suppressed parts of ‘unconscious and subconscious’ mind.

If the society somehow allowed this ‘suppressed’ part of individuals to come out in the open under any pretext whatsoever, then there would be havoc in the society. These two pioneers of modern psychology forewarn us that, in that event, every woman – including one’s mother and sister – may be an intended target of a male for the satisfaction of his suppressed sexual urge, and, likewise the feeble ‘no’ of those women may mean a ‘yes’. It is a dangerous world (of ‘suppressed’ thoughts) that has been checked in their intended fulfillment by the accepted norms of humans in an organized and civilized society.

Courts would do well by not opening up new fronts of human disputes on an unchartered path by their legal interpretations. Rather they should endeavour to minimize them.

No court can bring in an ‘alibi of ignorance’ in defending their ground on such waywardness. They are supposed to be wise and show a path forward to the society by their wisdom through their judicial decisions.

Let us take this case. The court found (in the Delhi case) that the victim had come to the house of the accused on his invitation. Now what is the ground to assume that the accused had an innocent intention in inviting the victim to his house? There is more probability – as the aforesaid two psychologists would have us believed – that the accused invited the victim to his house to satisfy his lust, if the circumstances permitted him to do so.

This probability is further reinforced by the facts that: firstly, the accused male had stocked wine in his house, which might be for this very purpose; secondly, he took the initiative in bringing the bottle of this wine out of his fridge after the victim woman had landed in his house, since there is no evidence that the woman had demanded him to be fed with wine; and, thirdly, he offered this wine to her, which she would not have otherwise demanded of him to be served with this intoxicant, which all amount to the accused making her ready to drink the wine.

These three circumstances – that he had already stocked in his fridge the wine, brought it out of the fridge and made the woman ready to drink the same – so reinforce the element of probability further turning this probability into almost certainty that the accused had planned everything meticulously in advance to achieve his objective, including the circumstance that his intended or invited guests did not turn up at the appointed time.  The question is: should the court not have investigated into this aspect of the crime of rape against the woman?

If such may be the intention (thoughts lurking behind in his mind), a man would do all that what he can do – resort to all means – to prepare – or make – a woman ready to accomplish his hidden sexual objective.

This would be his way to obtain her consent by any means. Should he be allowed by the society to do so? Should the court not look into this aspect of human psychology while interpreting a ‘no’ as ‘yes’?

We pause here for a moment to assess things on a balanced scale.

Let us come to the side of the intended victim – the woman – and look at these circumstances from her angle. She knows that the man is ready and insisting, and physically more powerful than her. She may think – rather would think – that he would prove to be a real- self-of-a-man – a brute animal, ready to go to any extent to accomplish his objective. She may be willing or she may be unwilling.

Suppose she is not willing and says a ‘feeble no’. Does this ‘feeble no’ means ‘yes’? She is a woman and knows the world by her observation – and by keeping in her mind the precedents in our society, Nirbhaya et al – that if her ‘feeble no’ is not taken by the other side as ‘yes’, it would prove to be her end. Under such trying circumstances she calculates in her mind that for her it is far better to be raped despite her no (which the court mistakingly takes as a ‘feeble no’ amounting to ‘yes’) than to be dead at the hands of the other side.

As a prudent human being, she may devise and adopt all means to end her ordeal as quickly as possible – seem willing, feign orgasm etc. We know after Nirbhaya of Delhi and countless Nirbhayas in other parts of the world that such a possibility is not a fiction but the hard reality, which our society and courts have to deal with.

And here comes in ‘religion’ in this – in an otherwise already complex – situation. Religion is not an alien to the human society; for the most part, humans and their thoughts are governed by their religion. No court should ever refuse – under an impression that our laws are ‘secular’ – to look into the religious aspect of human personality. Some religions may encourage the man to fulfil his sexual objective – provided the other side is of a religion othan his own; in the real world, precedents abound in what has been done to Yezidi women on religious consideration, albeit the crime committed in the course of a religious war.

But, otherwise, most of the religions to cope with such a ‘trouble-spot’ of human nature have purposely designed certain moral prescriptions – that are restrictive and seem outmoded today – against an unjustified getting together of male and female in an ‘out of the public view’ or secluded places, against which prescriptions our courts in the changed times show abhorrence.

It may all be justified on the part of courts but with one caveat: To compensate for the loss of checking ‘moral and religious values’ brought by our changing times, the courts should be slow in allowing the play of inhibited human libido by their judicial determinations.

Till this caveat is taken care of by our courts, it will be prudent on their part to treat a woman’s ‘Feeble No’ to mean a ‘No’, not less than her ‘Emphatic No’. This has not been done by these two court cases.

Stop Church Hate-campaign in Tamil Nadu with Iron-fist


By: Arvindan Neelakandan

Always feeding wrong versions of history to impressionable minds, the Church in Tamil Nadu seems to have refined its methods this time.

The Church, relentless in its evangelical agenda, has zeroed in on more virulent elements within the Dravidian movement as well as fringe Tamil nationalist-secessionist movements. Mathimaran, a vociferous Dravidian rhetorician claims that Bharathi, the great Tamil poet was only a Brahmin supremacist. He pits Dr Ambedkar against Gandhi much like Kancha Illaiah. He is invited for the training programmes of Christian nuns and his books filled with anti-Hindu hatred are sold in these programmes.

So, clearly the Church now aims to switch to the next level in its crusade against Hinduism in Tamil Nadu. It promotes Tamil secessionist-nationalist fringe groups. While the Dravidian movement considered all Tamil Hindu culture as Aryan Brahminical imposition, these groups take a more nuanced step. They claim that the original Tamil religion and culture were different and were corrupted by ‘Aryan Brahmins’. Seeman, on the other hand, claims Shiva and Muruga to be his ancestors. This claim, where Hindu deities are posited as secular ethnic ancestors, plays well into Christian evangelical agenda. While it gives a psychological comfort of an illusive attachment to Tamil culture, it effectively reduces the spiritual aspects of Tamil culture to a naught. So Shiva is no more the cosmic principle but an ethnic ancestral totem symbol. Similarly, Tamil music, dance forms, temple architecture, and literature – can all be reduced to ethnic elements and secularised (only to be later Christianised).

(This piece is borrowed from an article at:

https://swarajyamag.com/politics/the-sinister-games-of-the-church-in-tamil-nadu )

Nobel Prize (Medicine) 2016 – For (Indian) Fasting Practice!


By: Author unknown

This year’s (2016) Nobel Prize in Medicine has gone to a Japanese scientist Dr. Yoshinori Ohsumi for his research on Autophagy.

Autophagy has something – rather everything – to do with fasting or, still better, “regular structured fasting”. Is the science not catching up with the ancient spiritual wisdom of Hindu culture of regular or structured fasting (on Ekadasi day, for example)?

Autophagy, an Intracellular Recycling System, otherwise means “eating self”. In other words, it is the process by which the human body eats it own damaged cells and unused proteins.

Autophagy is a natural process and also it is one that occurs in the cases of starvation. The failure of autophagy is one of the main reasons for accumulation of damaged cells which eventually leads to various diseases in the body.

Autophagy is important to prevent/fight cancer. It also plays a vital role in degrading and ‘consuming’ cells infected by bacteria and viruses.

We can not fail here to note that ancient India had recommended a practice of regular fasting (Ekadasi) one day in a fortnight. Many of us religiously follow this practice to this day as a penance for spiritual progress without any idea of the biological and therapeutic benefits of this practice.

Through this process of fasting induced autophagy, our body repairs its damaged and degenerated cells, and uses up the proteins of the damaged cells for its survival.

Strangely we find that whenever modern science conquers a frontier in any field, it somehow relates back to a quaint spiritual practice followed in India for generations. (Another example of the modern scientific discovery of the benefit of an ancient practice is the regular use of turmeric – or Haldi – in Indian cuisine culture).

A day in a fortnight spent in prayer and divine contemplation was a tonic for the mind and soul while the practice of fasting ensured that the body would heal and rejuvenate itself.

Clearly, ancient Rishis believed in a process of holistic healing of both the body and the mind. They were able to, quite remarkably, connect the yearning for spiritual progress in a human being with the biological necessity of the human body.

One cannot but marvel, and bow one’s head with admiration and reverence, at their wisdom and deep scientific understanding of the body and the mind.

This year’s Nobel Prize in Medicine is one more “rediscovery” by the modern science of an ancient “discovery” of India. The other day, it was the discovery of the benefit of “meditation” for mental health – to overcome mental anxiety, fatigue and disorder and resultantly its (meditation) utilization by US armed forces to cope with troublesome mental problems.

We may afford to forget and ignore our glorious past, but with every research, every other day by the world scholars, the magnanimity of our civilization is opening before the present day humanity.

By: Arun Kumar Singh

बिना खर्च की औषधि है उपवास क्या आप जानते हैं?

आयुर्वेद के प्रसिद्ध ग्रंथ ‘चरक संहिता’ से लेकर आज के विभिन्न चिकित्सीय शोधों ने भी उपवास के अनेक लाभ बताए हैं।

उपवास से पाचनतंत्र दुरूस्त रहता है जिससे शरीर में उपस्थित विषाक्त पदार्थों का निष्कासन आसानी से हो जाता है।

हर सप्ताह उपवास रखने से कोलेस्ट्राल की मात्रा घटने लगती है जो धमनियों के लिए लाभदायक है।
आज की दौड़ने-भागने वाली जिन्दगी, व्यस्त दिनचर्या, औरों से आगे बढ़ने में लीन मानव के शरीर को अनेक रोगों ने अपना घर बना रखा है। यद्यपि पहले की अपेक्षा चिकित्सा विज्ञान ने आज दिन दूनी-रात-चौगुनी उन्नति कर ली है किन्तु फिर भी रोगों की संख्या कम होने के बजाय बढ़ती ही जा रही है।

सच तो यह है कि बीमारियों का मानव-शरीर पर हमला बोलने का मुख्य कारण उसका अनियमित खान-पान है। आज का बाजार फास्ट फूड से भरा हुआ है जो न तो पौष्टिक होता है और न ही स्वास्थ्यवर्धक। मानव ने क्षुधा शांत करने व स्वाद के चक्कर में साधारण एवं संतुलित भोजन करने की अपेक्षा ऐसे भोजन को प्राथमिकता दे रखी है। फलतः उसके निरन्तर सेवन से वह हर समय किसी न किसी गंभीर रोग से जकड़ा रहता है। आज के युग में रोगों से बचने एवं अपने खान-पान को नियमित एवं संतुलित रखने का सर्वोत्तम उपाय ‘उपवास’ है। आयुर्वेद के प्रसिद्ध ग्रंथ ‘चरक संहिता’ से लेकर आज के विभिन्न चिकित्सीय शोधों ने भी उपवास के अनेक लाभ बताए हैं।

उपवास की भारतीय परंपरा-

सामान्यतः उपवास का अर्थ भोजन के त्याग से है किन्तु वास्तविक अर्थ किसी उद्देश्य आदि की पूर्ति हेतु एक निश्चित ईश्वर के प्रति आस्था प्रकट करने या रोगादि से मुक्ति पाना भी हो सकता है।

भारत एक धार्णिक देश है इसलिए यहाँ की संस्कृति में उपवास का अपना एक धार्मिक महत्व भी है। भारतीय मनीषियों ने शौर्य-बल प्राप्त करने, ईश्वर के प्रति अपनी आस्था प्रकट करने, धर्म को चरम पर पहुँचाने आदि कार्यों में उपवास का सदैव सहारा लिया है। शायद इसी कारण भारतीय मनीषी व साधु-संत लोग दीर्घायु एवं निरोगी रहते थे।

प्राचीनकाल से लेकर आज के विज्ञान युग में भी उपवास का महत्व कम नहीं हुआ है। आज भी खासकर महिलाएँ जन्माष्टमी, महाशिव रात्रि, करवाचौथ या सोमवार आदि अनेक अवसरों पर उपवास अवश्य रखती हैं। वैज्ञानिक दृष्टिकोण से देखा जाए तो पुरुषों की अपेक्षा महिलाएं उपवास रखने के कारण ज्यादा स्वस्थ रहती हैं।

उपवास की सलाह क्यों-

चरक संहिता से लेकर आज के शरीर विज्ञानी भी मानते हैं कि उपवास का चिकित्सीय महत्व भी है। उनका मानना है कि सप्ताह में कम से कम एक बार उपवास रखने से पाचन-तंत्र दुरूस्त रहता है। दरअसल भोजन को पचाने में पाचन-तंत्र को काफी मेहनत करनी पड़ती है। इस कारण उसे आराम करने का समय नहीं मिल पाता और पाचन क्रिया पड़ने लगती है। उससे भोजन पर्याप्त ढंग से नहीं पच पाता। फलतः अनेक व्याधियाँ जैसे कब्ज, अम्लपित्त, गैस बनना, मधुमेह, मोटापा आदि अन्य जन्म लेने लगती हैं। इन सबसे छुटकारा पाने के लिए शरीर विज्ञानी सप्ताह में एक बार उपवास रखने की सलाह देते हैं।

उपवास से लाभ :

उपवास रखने से प्राप्त होने वाले लाभों को दो भागों में बाँट सकते हैं जिनका तन व मन दोनों पर व्यापर प्रभाव पड़ता है।

धार्मिक दृष्टिकोण से लाभ : यदि पूर्ण विधि-विधान एवं निष्ठापूर्वक उपवास रखा जाए तो आरोग्यता तो बढ़ती ही है, आत्मबल व संकल्पशक्ति में भी वृद्धि होती है। मन में सात्विक एवं सकारात्मक विचार आते हैं। फलतः व्यक्ति अनेक मानसिक व्याधियों जैसे तनाव, अवसाद, हीनता आदि से मुक्त रहता है। सोचने-समझने की शक्ति व एकाग्रता बढ़ती है। निरुक्त नामक ग्रंथ में उपवास को ‘सत्कर्म’ एवं ‘सत्संकल्प’ की संज्ञा दी गयी है। कई विद्वानों ने इसे तपस्या का अंग एवं सुखी जीवन का रहस्य भी बताया है।

इसके अलावा उपवास के दिन व्यक्ति प्रायः गंभीरतापूर्वक नियम-धरम से चलता है। वह इस दिन हल्का-फुल्का, सादा, कम तल-भुना, फल, मिष्टान आदि भोजन के रूप में लेता है। गाली-गलौज, क्रोध व मद्यपान आदि से दूर रहता है। कम बोलता है व हर समय ईश्वर-भक्ति में लगा रहता है। इसके पीछे एक धार्मिक आस्था यह भी होती है कि यदि नियम-धरम से न चला जाए तो ईश्वर नाराज हो सकते हैं। अतः उपवास से व्यक्ति अनुशासित एवं खानपान के प्रति जागरूक अवश्य बन सकता है।

वैज्ञानिक दृष्टिकोण से लाभ : वैज्ञानिक दृष्टिकोण से देखा जाए तो उपवास रोगों के लिए महौषधि है। इससे पाचनतंत्र दुरूस्त रहता है। फलतः भोजन का पाचन ढंग से हो जाता है। शरीर में मौजूद विषाक्त पदार्थों का निष्कासन आसानी से हो जाता है।

यही नहीं, अनुसंधानियों का यह भी कहना है कि दुर्बलता, रक्तअल्पता, भूख न लगना, साँस फूलना, आमाशय के कैंसर आदि व्याधियाँ तो दूर होती ही हैं, विभिन्न उदर रोग जैसे कब्ज, आँव, संग्रहणी, बवासीर आदि से भी मुक्ति मिलती है। हृदय की धमनियाँ लम्बे समय तक स्वस्थ रहती हैं क्योंकि हर सप्ताह उपवास रखने से कोलेस्ट्राल की मात्रा घटने लगती है जो धमनियों के लिए लाभदायक है। उपवास से मोटापा भी नियंत्रण में रहता है। वजन कम रहने से शरीर का आकार आकर्षक एवं सुडौल रहता है। चेहरे पर असमय उभरी झुर्रियों, दाग-धब्बे आदि दूर रहते हैं। चमक एवं सुन्दरता बढ़ती है। काया निरोगी रहती है।

सावधानियाँ :

एक-दो दिन का उपवास तो ठीक है किन्तु अधिक दिनों का उपवास चिकित्सक की देख-रेख में करें।

India’s Contribution to Mathematics


By: David Gray, PhD

(This article has been borrowed from HERE)

  1. Math and Ethnocentrism

The study of mathematics in the West has long been characterized by a certain ethnocentric bias, a bias which most often manifests not in explicit racism, but in a tendency toward undermining or eliding the real contributions made by non-Western civilizations. The debt owed by the West to other civilizations, and to India in particular, go back to the earliest epoch of the “Western” scientific tradition, the age of the classical Greeks, and continued up until the dawn of the modern era, the renaissance, when Europe was awakening from its dark ages. This awakening was in part made possible by the rediscovery of mathematics and other sciences and technologies through the medium of the Arabs, who transmitted to Europe both their own lost heritage as well as the advanced mathematical traditions formulated in India.

George Ghevarughese Joseph, in an important article entitled “Foundations of Eurocentrism in Mathematics,” argued that “the standard treatment of the history of non-European mathematics is a product of historiographical bias (conscious or otherwise) in the selection and interpretation of facts, which, as a consequence, results in ignoring, devaluing or distorting contributions arising outside European mathematical traditions.” (1987:14)

Due to the legacy of colonialism, the exploitation of which was ideologically justified through a doctrine of racial superiority, the contributions of non-European civilizations were often ignored, or, as Joseph argued, even distorted, in that they were often misattributed as European, i.e. Greek, contributions, and when their contributions were so great as to resist such treatment, they were typically devalued, considered inferior or irrelevant to Western mathematical traditions.

This tendency has not only led to the devaluation of non-Western mathematical traditions, but has distorted the history of Western mathematics as well. In so far as the contributions from non-Western civilizations are ignored, there is the problem of accounting for the development of mathematics purely within the Western cultural framework. This has led, as Sabetai Unguru has argued, toward a tendency to read more advanced mathematical concepts into the relatively simplistic geometrical formulations of Greek mathematicians such as Euclid, despite the fact that the Greeks lacked not only mathematic notation, but even the place-value system of enumeration, without which advanced mathematical calculation is impossible.

Such ethnocentric revisionist history resulted in the attribution of more advanced algebraic concepts, which were actually introduced to Europe over a millennium later by the Arabs, to the Greeks. And while the contributions of the Greeks to mathematics was quite significant, the tendency of some math historians to jump from the Greeks to renaissance Europe results not only in an ethnocentric history, but an inadequate history as well, one which fails to take into account the full history of the development of modern mathematics, which is by no means a purely European development.

  1. Vedic Altars and the “Pythagorean theorem”

A perfect example of this sort of misattribution involves the so-called Pythagorean theorem, the well-known theorem which was attributed to Pythagoras who lived around 500 BCE, but which was first proven in Greek sources in Euclid’s Geometry, written centuries later. Despite the scarcity of evidence backing this attribution, it is not often questioned, perhaps due to the mantra-like frequency with which it is repeated. However, Seidenberg, in his 1978 article, shows that the thesis that Greece was the origin of geometric algebra was incorrect, “for geometric algebra existed in India before the classical period in Greece.” (1978:323)

It is now generally understood that the so-called “Pythagorean theorem” was understood in ancient India, and was in fact proved in Baudhayana’s Shulva Sutra, a text dated to circa 600 BCE. (1978:323).

Knowledge of mathematics, and geometry in particular, was necessary for the precise construction of the complex Vedic altars, and mathematics was thus one of the topics covered in the brahmanas. This knowledge was further elaborated in the kalpa sutras, which gave more detailed instructions concerning Vedic ritual. Several of these treat the topic of altar construction. The oldest and most complete of these is the previously mentioned Shulva Sutra of Baudhaayana.

1As this text was composed about a century before Pythagoras, the theory that the Greeks were the source of Geometric algebra is untenable, while the hypothesis that India was have been a source for Greek geometry, transmitted via the Persians who traded both with the Greeks and the Indians, looks increasingly plausible. On the other hand, it is quite possible that both the Greeks and the Indians developed geometry. Seidenberg has argued, in fact, that both seem to have developed geometry out of the practical problems involving their construction of elaborate sacrificial altars. (See Seidenberg 1962 and 1983)

  1. Zero and the Place Value System

Far more important to the development of modern mathematics than either Greek or Indian geometry was the development of the place value system of enumeration, the base ten system of calculation which uses nine numerals and zero to represent numbers ranging from the most minuscule decimal to the most inconceivably large power of ten.

This system of enumeration was not developed by the Greeks, whose largest unit of enumeration was the myriad (10,000) or in China, where 10,000 was also the largest unit of enumeration until recent times. Nor was it developed by the Arabs, despite the fact that this numeral system is commonly called the Arabic numerals in Europe, where this system was first introduced by the Arabs in the thirteenth century.

Rather, this system was invented in India, where it evidently was of quite ancient origin. The Yajurveda Samhitaa, one of the Vedic texts predating Euclid and the Greek mathematicians by at least a millennium, lists names for each of the units of ten up to 10 to the twelfth power (paraardha). (Subbarayappa 1970:49) Later Buddhist and Jain authors extended this list as high as the fifty-third power, far exceeding their Greek contemporaries, who lacking a system of enumeration were unable to develop abstract mathematical concepts.

The place value system of enumeration is in fact built into the Sanskrit language, where each power of ten is given a distinct name. Not only are the units ten, hundred and thousand (daza, zata, sahasra) named as in English, but also ten thousand, hundred thousand, ten million, hundred million (ayuta, lakSa, koti, vyarbuda), and so forth up to the fifty-third power, providing distinct names where English makes use of auxillary bases such as thousand, million, etc.

Ifrah has commented that by giving each power of ten an individual name, the Sanskrit system gave no special importance to any number. Thus the Sanskrit system is obviously superior to that of the Arabs (for whom the thousand was the limit), or the Greeks and Chinese (whose limit was ten thousand) and even to our own system (where the names thousand, million etc. continue to act as auxillary bases). Instead of naming the numbers in groups of three, four or eight orders of units, the Indians, from a very early date, expressed them taking the powers of ten and the names of the first nine units individually. In other words, to express a given number, one only had to place the name indicating the order of units between the name of the order of units immediately immediately below it and the one immediately above it. That is exactly what is required in order to gain a precise idea of the place-value system, the rule being presented in a natural way and thus appearing self-explanatory. To put it plainly, the Sanskrit numeral system contained the very key to the discovery of the place-value system. (2000:429)

As Ifrah has shown at length, there is little doubt that our place-value numeral system developed in India (2000:399-409), and this system is embedded in the Sanskrit language, several aspects of which make it a very logical language, well suited to scientific and mathematical reasoning.

Nor did this system exhaust Indian ingenuity; as van Nooten has shown, Pingala, who lived circa the first century BCE, developed a system of binary enumeration convertible to decimal numerals, described in his Chandahzaastra. His system is quite similar to that of Leibniz, who lived roughly fourteen hundred years later. (See Van Nooten)

India is also the locus of another closely related an equally important mathematical discovery, the numeral zero. The oldest known text to use zero is a Jain text entitled the Lokavibhaaga, which has been definitely dated to Monday 25 August 458 CE. (Ifrah 2000:417-1 9) This concept, combined by the place-value system of enumeration, became the basis for a classical era renaissance in Indian mathematics.

The Indian numeral system and its place value, decimal system of enumeration came to the attention of the Arabs in the seventh or eighth century, and served as the basis for the well known advancement in Arab mathematics, represented by figures such as al-Khwarizmi. It reached Europe in the twelfth century when Adelard of Bath translated al-Khwarizmi’s works into Latin. (Subbarayappa 1970:49) But the Europeans were at first resistant to this system, being attached to the far less logical roman numeral system, but their eventual adoption of this system led to the scientific revolution that began to sweep Europe beginning in the thirteenth century.

  1. Luminaries of Classical Indian Mathematics

Aryabhata

The world did not have to wait for the Europeans to awake from their long intellectual slumber to see the development of advanced mathematical techniques. India achieved its own scientific renaissance of sorts during its classical era, beginning roughly one thousand years before the European Renaissance.

Probably the most celebrated Indian mathematicians belonging to this period was Aaryabhat.a, who was born in 476 CE. In 499, when he was only 23 years old, Aaryabhat.a wrote his Aaryabhat.iiya, a text covering both astronomy and mathematics. With regard to the former, the text is notable for its awareness of the relativity of motion. (See Kak p. 16) This awareness led to the astonishing suggestion that it is the Earth that rotates the Sun. He argued for the diurnal rotation of the earth, as an alternate theory to the rotation of the fixed stars and sun around the earth (Pingree 1981:18).

He made this suggestion approximately one thousand years before Copernicus, evidently independently, reached the same conclusion.

With regard to mathematics, one of Aaryabhat.a’s greatest contributions was the calculation of sine tables, which no doubt was of great use for his astronomical calculations. In developing a way to calculate the sine of curves, rather than the cruder method of calculating chords devised by the Greeks, he thus went beyond geometry and contributed to the development of trigonometry, a development which did not occur in Europe until roughly one thousand years later, when the Europeans translated Indian influenced Arab mathematical texts.

Aaryabhat.a’s mathematics was far ranging, as the topics he covered include geometry, algebra, trigonometry. He also developed methods of solving quadratic and indeterminate equations using fractions. He calculated pi to four decimal places, i.e., 3.1416. (Pingree 1981:57) In addition, Aaryabhat.a “invented a unique method of recording numbers which required perfect understanding of zero and the place-value system.” (Ifrah 2000:419)

Given the astounding range of advanced mathematical concepts and techniques covered in this fifth century text, it should be of no surprise that it became extremely well known in India, judging by the large numbers of commentaries written upon it.

It was studied by the Arabs in the eighth century following their conquest of Sind, and translated into Arabic, whence it influenced the development of both Arabic and European mathematical traditions.

Brahmagupta

Born in 598 CE in Rajastan in Western India, Brahmagupta founded an influential school of mathematics which rivaled Aaryabhat.a’s. His best known work is the Brahmasphuta Siddhanta, written in 628 CE, in which he developed a solution for a certain type of second order indeterminate equation. This text was translated into Arabic in the eighth century, and became very influential in Arab mathematics. (See Kak p. 16)

Mahavira

Mahaaviira was a Jain mathematician who lived in the ninth century, who wrote on a wide range of mathematical topics. These include the mathematics of zero, squares, cubes, square-roots, cube-roots, and the series extending beyond these. He also wrote on plane and solid geometry, as well as problems relating to the casting of shadows. (Pingree 1981:60)

Bhaaskara

Bhaaskara was one of the many outstanding mathematicians hailing from South India. Born in 1114 CE in Karnataka, he composed a four-part text entitled the Siddhanta Ziromani. Included in this compilation is the Biijagan.ita, which became the standard algebra textbook in Sanskrit. It contains descriptions of advanced mathematical techniques involving both positive and negative integers as well as zero, irrational numbers. It treats at length the “pulverizer” (kut.t.akaara) method of solving indeterminate equations with continued fractions, as well as the so-called “Pell’s equation (vargaprakr.ti) dealing with indeterminate equations of the second degree. He also wrote on the solution to numerous kinds of linear and quadratic equations, including those involving multiple unknowns, and equations involving the product of different unknowns. (Pingree 1981, p. 64)

In short, he wrote a highly sophisticated mathematical text that proceeded by several centuries the development of such techniques in Europe, although it would be better to term this a rediscovery, since much of the Renaissance advances of mathematics in Europe was based upon the discovery of Arab mathematical texts, which were in turn highly influenced by these Indian traditions.

Maadhava

The Kerala region of South India was home to a very important school of mathematics. The best known member of this school Maadhava (c. 1444-1545), who lived in Sangamagraama in Kerala. Primarily an astronomer, he made history in mathematics with his writings on trigonometry. He calculated the sine, cosine and arctangent of the circle, developing the world’s first consistent system of trigonometry. (See Hayashi 1997:784-786) He also correctly calculated the value of p to eleven decimal places. (Pingree 1981:490)

This is by no means a complete list of influential Indian mathematicians or Indian contributions to mathematics, but rather a survey of the highlights of what is, judged by any fair, unbiased standard, an illustrious tradition, important both for its own internal elegance as well as its influence on the history of European mathematical traditions.

The classical Indian mathematical renaissance was an important precursor to the European renaissance, and to ignore this fact is to fail to grasp the history of latter, a history which was truly multicultural, deriving its inspiration from a variety of cultural roots.

There are in fact, as Frits Staal has suggested in his important (1995) article, “The Sanskrit of Science”, profound similarities between the social contexts of classical India and renaissance Europe. In both cases, important revolutions in scientific thought occurred in complex, hierarchical societies in which certain elite groups were granted freedom from manual labor, and thus the opportunity to dedicate themselves to intellectual pursuits.

In the case of classical India, these groups included certain brahmins as well as the Buddhist and Jain monks, while in renaissance Europe they included both the monks as well as their secular derivatives, the university scholars.

Why, one might ask, did Europe’s take over thousand years to attain the level of abstract mathematics achieved by Indians such as Aaryabhat.a? The answer appears to be that Europeans were trapped in the relatively simplistic and concrete geometrical mathematics developed by the Greeks.

It was not until they had, via the Arabs, received, assimilated and accepted the place-value system of enumeration developed in India that they were able to free their minds from the concrete and develop more abstract systems of thought. This development thus triggered the scientific and information technology revolutions which swept Europe and, later, the world.

The role played by India in the development is no mere footnote, easily and inconsequentially swept under the rug of Eurocentric bias. To do so is to distort history, and to deny India one of it’s greatest contributions to world civilization.

Works Cited

Hayashi, Takao. 1997. “Number Theory in India”. In Helaine Selin, ed. Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 784-786.

Ifrah, Georges. 2000. The Universal History of Numbers: From Prehistory to the Invention of the Computer. David Bellos, E. F. Harding, Sophie Wood and Ian Monk, trans. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Joseph, George Ghevarughese. 1987. “Foundations of Eurocentrism in Mathematics”. In Race & Class 28.3, pp. 13-28.

Kak, Subhash. “An Overview of Ancient Indian Science”. In T. R. N. Rao and Subhash Kak, eds. Computing Science in Ancient India, pp. 6-21.

van Nooten, B. “Binary Numbers in Indian Antiquity”. In T. R. N. Rao and Subhash Kak, eds. Computing Science in Ancient India, pp. 21-39.

Pingree, David. Jyotih.zaastra: Astral and Mathematical Literature, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1981, p. 4.

Seidenberg, A. 1962. “The Ritual Origin of Geometry”. In Archive for History of Exact Sciences 1, pp. 488-527.

______. 1978. “The Origin of Mathematics”. In Archive for History of Exact Sciences 18.4, pp. 301-42.

______. 1983. “The Geometry of Vedic Rituals”. In Frits Staal, ed. Agni: The Vedic Ritual of the Fire Altar. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1986, vol. 2, pp. 95-126.

Unguru, Sabetai. 1975. “On the Need to Rewrite the History of Greek Mathematics”. In Archive for History of Exact Sciences 15.1, pp. 67-114.

Staal, Frits. 1995. “The Sanskrit of Science”. In Journal of Indian Philosophy 23, pp. 73-127.

Subbarayappa, B. V. 1970. “India’s Contributions to the History of Science”. In Lokesh Chandra, et al., eds. India’s Contribution to World Thought and Culture. Madras: Vivekananda Rock Memorial Committee, pp. 47-66.

Did Congress loot India for 70 years? But looted what – Wealth?


By: Bala Senthil Kumar

Did Congress loot India for 70 years, is the question that has been asked. My answer:

It isn’t the looting of wealth that bothers me so much as the sheer fact that the Congress merely replaced the Brits in some ways – they just became masters of the same, broken, weak people, who were simply willing to suck up to authority. Nobody gave India confidence! This is the part that bothers me so much, especially with MK Gandhi’s style of ‘winning’ us freedom by giving the enemy higher moral ground.

So, India has grown up as an apologetic impotent nation, where our children are taught to revere impractical, passive, cowardly notions like non-violence, when everything in nature tells us to fight to survive. Of course I know the philosophy of not fighting because of being strong. But this comes from mastery, not shamelessly bowing to masters!

So, we saw a change of guard. The Brits went, and new masters came in the form of the Congress Party. Hierarchies remained, the class system remained, and subservience remained. Where the heck did all the dynamism go?

Then we were thrown into a socialist mindset, people waiting for alms from government wealth redistribution programs instead of being empowered. We got protectionist policies, that prevented prosperity and competition, throwing us away from a path of a meritocracy. Hindustan Motors was started around the same time as Toyota, and Tata Steel started around the same time as Nippon Steel. Nippon Steel produces around five times as much as Tata Steel without native resources of ore. No need to talk about Hindustan Motors and Toyota. Japan coming out of twin nuclear strikes was devastated way more than India under the Brits. Do we need to compare how different the growth paths of these two nations have been?

Only when thousands died did we start the Green Revolution. Only when China attacked us did we realize we need to become militarily stronger. Only with our backs against the wall, did India liberalize its economy. Under the Congress, every move we have made towards any kind of development has come under inevitable circumstances, with our backs against the wall.

India was never allowed to be truly independent, strong, and proud of its people’s full potential. No wonder so many of us left in droves and thrived in various countries elsewhere. This is the loot I would feel most wronged by – denying India its best talents and minds, because we didn’t create the conditions for dignified development.

Incredibly, the immense sacrifices of our fighting heroes were also swept aside under this avalanche of worship for Gandhiji. Why? So that the Brits would feel good? The Congress party was reporting to British Intelligence for 5 years after we became an independent country, about Subhash Bose’s family’s movements. During a criminal probe of the Bofors scandal, the Congress External Affairs minister delivered a letter to a foreign body to deny evidence and cooperation to an Indian investigating agency. Years later, a whole bunch of Congress members and their cronies used the letterhead of the Indian Parliament to petition the USA to not issue a visa to Narendra Modi, the man who would become Prime Minister. It is these bunch of ass lickers that I want to hang or burn over a slow fire.

The Congress has a clear obsession with white people and a need to constantly please them. When Hillary Clinton asked India to wean itself off Iranian oil, the Congress government promptly obliged, even though Iran and India have been close friends for a long time. No surprise then that pasta aunty from Italy is their supremo. Think she would have got the same respect if she had been a Nigerian black woman? I don’t think so. That’s how deeply ingrained the slave mentality is in the ranks of the Congress.

It is the loot of India’s pride, dignity, dynamism and die-hard spirit that bothers me much more than the loot of wealth. This country produced enough wealth to support the British Empire for 200 years. It can easily produce much more to ensure prosperity, health and well-being for its own people. This is an abundant, powerful country, that has been prevented from being a developed, forward thinking, awesome nation that could by now have been an example for the world.

If India has been a weak, apologetic nation for so long, it’s precisely because of the Congress. Why do we have to put up with these weasels and the fools who are aligning with them? I could even tolerate a ruthless, despotic, dictatorial mindset. It is this slimy, backstabbing, self-serving Lutyens mindset that really irks me. I would give anything to destroy this smugness, decimate it, and put it firmly behind us.

The economic loot is nothing compared to this, but we will bloody well make them pay for all of it.

मोदी या …. ? ऐ, भारत के लोगो आपकी किसमत आपके हाथ में है!


कमांडर वी के जैटली

एक व्यक्ति 350 सांसदों को लेकर आपके सामने आँशु बहाकर समर्थन माँग रहा है और किस बात के लिये?

कालाधन खत्म करने के लिये !!

विश्व की तमाम राजधानी मे जाकर भारतवंशियों से सहायता माँग रहा  है  …  20 घँटे काम कर रहा है, होली दीपावली, ईद सैनिकों के बीच मना रहा हैं।

3 सालो से हर रविवार आपकी छोटी – छोटी बातो पर बात कर रहा हैं। जिसकी माँ 8×10 कमरे मे रहती हो और भाई किराना की दुकान चलाता हो  …  और क्या चाहते हैं आप?

किस पैगम्बर की तलाश है?

कौन दुख दूर करेगा आपके?

एक बात जान लीजिये कि यदि मोदी आंतकवाद, काला धन, भरष्टाचार नही खत्म कर पाये तो कोई माई का लाल कर भी नही पायेगा। वहीँ जंतर मन्तर पर कैंडिल ले के चक्कर काटोगे। कब तक … कई पीढीयों गुजर जायेगी।

प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी जैसे जीवट वाले व्यक्ति ने जिस अंदाज़ में सार्वजनिक मंच से कहा है कि “ये लोग मुझे ज़िंदा नहीं छोड़ेंगे…”, यह बहुत गंभीर खतरे को इगिंत करता है।

इससे यह स्पष्ट हो गया है कि स्थिति बहुत भयंकर और असहनीय रूप ले चुकी है..

एक अकेला व्यक्ति 125 करोड़ हिंदुस्तानियों के हिस्से का ज़हर “नीलकण्ठ” महादेव बनकर पी रहा है।
.
एक अकेला व्यक्ति देश के अंदर मौजूद सारे राक्षसों के साथ-साथ अनगिनत विदेशी दुश्मनों – पाकिस्तान सरकार, पाकिस्तान की सेना, आई एस आई, दाऊद इब्राहिम, हाफिज सईद, भारत मे मोजूद विदेशी ताकतों के एजेंट गदार NGO, चीन  आदि के निशाने पर है

क्योंकि देश के इतिहास में पहली बार किसी अकेले आदमी ने इतने सारे दुश्मनों की एक साथ नींद हराम कर दी है।

ये अच्छाई और बुराई का महासंग्राम है, हमको तैयार रहना है और अपने प्रधान मंत्री का साथ देना है, क्योंकि अगर इन सभी राक्षसों ने प्रधान मंत्री को अगर अपने चक्रव्यूह में फंसा लिया तो फिर सदियों तक कोई दूसरा ऐसा नेता पैदा नहीं होगा, यह निशचित है।

मैं तो हमारे प्रधानमंत्रीजी के साथ हूँ …

क्या आप  हैं?

आपका भागय आपके हाथ मे है!!

Can India Change? Will India Change? Can I Change? Will I Change? A question to every Indian


By: Shreepal Singh

Can India change? Can I change? Will India change? Will I change? This is the question that needs to be asked of every Indian – every Indian who loves India. Today Indians – of all colors who lost power, who are losing power, who lost illegitimate wealth and who are losing illegitimate wealth – seem to have become wiser and asking all sorts of questions directed at Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. But before their questions, this question has priority: Can I change? Will I change?

Any way, before we proceed further and reproduce a write-up of Francois Gautier, first have a look at what Modi has to say on ‘Can India change? Will India change?

By: Francois Gautier

It is one thing to scream ‘New India, New India’ on social media but another thing to take personal responsibility to make it happen. Will any normal Indian origin small business owner or white-collar worker outside India in any developed country try and escape taxes, flout traffic rules, pay 50% of home down payment in black money cash, scam the system in every possible way etc and curse government if asked to follow legit rules?

Then why are they fine doing it in India?

And if they are fine with all these scammy ethics in India then any talk big non-sense about being anti-corruption and wanting to be so-called super power and all that jazz is total BS.

It’s quite obvious – Modi is basically trying to make citizens behave like any developed country government does.

And if you are not fine with it then India deserves to have Congress and be the complete shit hole and utterly third world dumpster that it has always been in last 300 years.

It is clear Modi is not going to change his governance ethics for petty power or votes – he is above all that and in a totally different plane of thinking – it’s totally up to Indians to take short-term pain for long-term gain or just keep voting good old Congress and remain the third class poverty ridden junkbox that it has always been since centuries now.

We know this was harsh but truth is always harsh – deal with it.

(And now something about GST)

Modi is not decreasing Petrol prices and says govt needs the taxes to build infrastructure.

Exports are falling. No new investments in industries. Jobs are not growing.

Reason?

Modi has stopped free flow of illegal funds into India. He has stopped free bank loans and giving free assets to crony capitalists. He is compelling corporates who got cheap loans in UPA regime to sell their coffers to repay loans.

That never happened before.

They can’t get black illegal money stacked in Tax havens through shell Companies or Hawala and route it into stock market.

Now you need to get honest money to fund your business and then pay taxes and do legitimate business. Cash business is difficult even for a small shop keeper.

Everyone is paying taxes and showing his income.

Indian economy always dependent on black money is finding it difficult to adopt to Honesty. Hence less growth.

But we need this pain. We need to undergo this surgery to become a real Golden economy.

I appreciate Modi more than ever before for taking a right path; for not taking a populist shortcut for winning elections.

He has taken on small traders – his core vote bank – by implementing GST.

No Govt anywhere in the world which implemented GST has come back to power as it pains people in the short-term.

Imagine a small Hotel or a shop owner who never paid Tax or filed IT return or opened a current account. They did all their business in cash.

Now they have to do all this after GST. So it pains them.

But this is the right path for long term development.

Hence it will be a record if Modi can come back to power after doing GST.

But we always say – We need to end corruption

But how much are we willing to sacrifice for it ?

The industry I work in is very much affected by Modi policy. But I am willing to bear this pain for India.

Are you willing to do it ?

Or you feel let us go back to those corrupt old days and vote Pappu Party back to power.

And just keep talking about India’s great future only on social media. It won’t work.

%d bloggers like this: