To Javed Akhtar, Shashi Tharoor and Bhansali – Reply by the Descendant of Queen Padmavati and King Ratan Singh


By: Ajay Raj Singh Begu

At the onset please note that what I am writing here is my “FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION.” After all, like you Mr. Javed Akhtar, I too have the right to free expression!

I too am a descendant of Maharawal Ratan Singh and Maharani Padmini. I still live in a fort which is situated about 60 kms away from Chittorgarh. Thus, the reaction.

Before I begin let me inform you that Khilji did attack the fort of Chittorgarh in Mewar in 1303 AD. Khilji besieged the fort for 06 months, finally when the rations got over in the fort of Chittorgarh, the fort gates were opened and it was like fight to the finish: either win or lay down your life for the motherland. The brave Rajput men perished in the battle and a day before that all the exceptionally brave women inside the fort committed Jauhar or mass suicide by jumping into the fire to safeguard their honour.

It’s this plain and simple sans any drama of Khilji seeing a reflection of Maharani Padmini in the mirror and attacking Chittorgarh fort to obtain Padmini. All this drama is a figment of imagination of Malik Muhammad Jayasi’s poem Padmavati.

Mr. Javed Akhtar it seems you are suffering from some verbal diahorrea. Please understand Maharani Padmini’s Jauhar took place 500 years before the British arrived. Why are you mixing the two eras?

Very conveniently you forgot the continuous saga of sacrifice and martyrdom of all the Rajputs specially Mewar that for almost 800 years fought, resisted and kept away the barbaric tribes, plunderers from invading India. Do you know your lineage beyond your grandfather or great grandfather? I doubt it. Well I know mine from 6th century.

You said in an interview that all these Ranas and Rajas were in full attendance at the British court. Please note in 1903 and 1911 when the British power was at its zenith and the imperial durbar was held in Delhi (in an area dubbed as the Kings Way Camp) to coronate King George V, it was only Maharana Fateh Singh of Mewar (out of all the 565 kings) who chose not to attend the Delhi durbar despite repeated reminders by the British authorities because Maharana Fateh Singh of Mewar found the whole ceremony to be sort of humiliating.

Mewar since 08th century was at war with the invading armies of Muslims and other barbaric tribes who came for the wealth of this country and not just wealth but humiliated the women of this land.

It was Mewar who kept resisting as much as they could. Have you ever read of Mewar trying to imperialise over others? We only tried to safeguard the interest and honour of our motherland, unlike the barbarians who came from outside, plundered and behaved like animals in this land.

By the time the British became a power to reckon with in our country, which was split in 565 kingdoms, the kingdom of Mewar was drained of all its resources. After all how much can a kingdom fight single handed.

Thus, when the British offered respectable treaty of “Friendship London’’ Mewar agreed because the general population of Mewar after all wanted the long awaited peace.

My ancestors were NOT fictional characters like Jai, Veeru or Gabbar Singh created by you in the film Sholay. They were real life heroes, freedom fighters, war veterans who spilled their blood for honour and independence.

Kindly continue what you do best, that is, writing or reciting poetry.

Please do not delve into history. Have you read a single book on medieval history? I doubt it.

What if I call you a second hand intellectual, who reads various books of several authors and then regurgitates like an owl to sound profound and intellectual? How will you feel? Please be original.

Poets and bards like you used to accompany my forefathers in wars and battles, wherein my forefathers fought and bards like you wrote heroic poetry and sang paeans in praise of them.

With your finesse in literature and poetry writing you could have been a wonderful chronicler of that period.

On another occasion you said that you are proud to be born in a country where Akbar was born. Well no harm if you think so. This was in response to General V K Singh’s statement of renaming Akbar road with Maharana Pratap. I guess and hope I am correct you said “yeh jaahil kya samjhege Akbar ki mahaanta! (What would these fools understand of the greatness of Akbar?)”

Well Mr. Akhtar the same great Akbar killed 25, 000/- innocent civilians in Chittorgarh who were not part of the battle/war during his siege of Chittorgarh in 1568 AD. So much for the Akbar’s greatness!

LET ME TELL you Mr. Akhtar THAT I AM PROUD TO BE A DESECENDANT OF BAPPA RAWAL, MAHARAWAL RATAN SINGH, MAHARANI PADMINI, MAHARANA HAMIR, CROWN PRINCE CHUNDA, MAHARANA KUMBHA, MAHARANA SANGHA, MIRA BAI, MAHARANA UDAI SINGH, MAHARANA PRATAP, MAHARANA RAJ SINGH. The list is endless.

And yes I am so very proud to be born in the land of the champion of freedom the great MAHARANA PRATAP OF MEWAR.

In his (Akbar’s) pursuit of consolidating the Mughal empire if Maharana Pratap wanted to remain independent, so be it. Akbar should have left him and should have given him that space.

I would have considered him great had Akbar done so.

Mr. Shashi Tharoor to you: Be aware that in India there are histories and sub histories. There is not a composite history of India. You have read history. You are not a novice like Mr. Javed Akhtar as far as history is concerned.

How could you forget the struggle and resistance put up by the Mewar kingdom for centuries?

Just because your book “An Era of Darkness” is a success, you cannot relate everything to the British era.

Please come out of the “Simon Go Back” and “Quit India” phase of our national history. British have left score of decades ago, please come out of that hangover.

Mr. Tharoor you wrote in your book and I quote, “History, in any case, cannot be reduced to some sort of game of comparing misdeeds in different eras; each period must be judged in itself and for its own successes and transgressions.”

Mr. Tharoor you remarked that these royals scurried for British favour. You know very well that India was not a one united nation in the 19th century when the British were expanding left, right and centre in the present day India. Please do not try to insinuate as if India was one nation and that the various Kings broke that alliance and allegiance and favoured the British. In fact India was divided into 565 small and big kingdoms or if I may call them 565 nations. There was general strife. All of them were fighting with each other of which the British took full advantage. So when the British approached each kingdom separately for a treaty they readily agreed looking at the past turmoil.

Moreover, right after our independence in 1947 barring a few (miniscule number) of kingdoms almost all of them supported the accession to the Indian union. It was a bloodless transformation of power. When Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru and Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel approached the kingdoms of Rajputana, Maharana Bhopal Singh of Mewar was the first one to sign the instrument of accession. Mewar dynasty with 1400 years of written record is one of the longest serving dynasties in the world.

Mr. Bhansali you have made some very sensitive movies in the past wherein you have given impetus to women characters culminating it with a solo or a dual dance performance by the female protagonist. Good for you and the films.

After the shot when you sink in the director’s chair sycophants surrounding you may be saying things like “Sir ji kya shot tha! (what a shot it was!)” Should that make you feel so high and mighty that you assume yourself to be the doyen of Hindi cinema?

Now Mr. Bhansali here we are talking about Maharani Padmini who performed Jauhar along with 16000 women at the fort of Chittorgarh. How can you show her gyrating in a song sequence? If you are making a movie on a historical figure please keep in your mind the mood and the predicament of the humans involved there in that moment in history and our present sensibilities about that event. It is the least Indians expect of you. Is it an unreasonable demand from you?

Did you bother to take permission from the Mewar family? Did you consult historians? As regards Deepika Padukone’s costume, did you bother to consult anyone from Rajasthan or Mewar region who understand the culture and ethos of this region?

I remember watching an interview of yours wherein you were giving tribute to one of our best dance choreographers Ms. Saroj Khan. You mentioned that when the movie Devdas was released Ms. Saroj Khan was unwell and was admitted in the ICU of a hospital; so Ms. Aishwarya Rai Bachchan and you went to meet her right after the premier show. From her bed the first thing she asked you was that “Dola Dola song par seeti baji (did people whistle?)….taaliya piti (did people clap?)”. And you were all enamoured by her and got emotionally choked by her dedication to her profession.

Mr. Bhansali please show some decency and respect for Maharani Padmini who laid down her life by jumping into the fire to safeguard her honour. The reigning idea, thought or sentiment on the part of all the women led by Maharani Padamni at that critical moment was – not to dance but to – take the fateful decision: Whether to court the death by Jauhar (self immolation by jumping into fire) rather than submit to and suffer dishonour at the hands of the invading barberian Khilji and his army.

Please note that all the three JAUHARS have taken place in the fort of Chittorgarh. All the three JAUHARS are well recorded in the history of Mewar.

Media too should refrain from making irresponsible statements. Please do not make a mockery of the whole thing by asking stupid questions whether Maharani Padmini existed or not.

Lot of media persons are concerned that so much money is at stake. Please have some moral sense: it is shame to talk of money in this sordid episode of Indian history! Here, our ancestors had martyred fighting; our ancestors in Mewar had spilled their blood for the cause of their freedom and honour; and, you are concerned about the money involved.

So many movies were made right from Prem Rog to a phase in Bollywood in the 1980’s wherein they showed the village Thakur having a coveted eye for the village belle/girls. Did you encounter such vehement opposition to those unrealistic cinematic depition as you all now are witnessing against this movie “Padmavati”, which you are hellbent to showcase under the pretext of poetic license? Never! Rajputs and other communities in Rajasthan and other states who are opposing “Padmavati” are not living in some old China. They are rightly offended by your insensibility in the matter that blatantly violates the chrished memory of Maharani Padmavati and thousands of women of Chittorgarh and their dignity, bravery and supreme sacrifice. All these Indians are rightly opposing this movie.

To all of us – Indians who are opposing the artificially created tantalizing “Padmavati” in your film – our history is dear; we cherish our glorious past; and, rightly feel offended by your twisting the history for the sake of money. Long Live Maharani Padmini, JAI MEWAR, JAI RAJPUTANA, JAI HIND!

Bali (Indonesia) and India: A comparison


By: Unknown

Bali is a province of Indonesia, a country with the biggest Muslim population in the world. But the majority in the state of Bali, over 93 %, are Hindus. Bali is home to 4.22 million Hindus whose ancestors had to flee from other islands of Indonesia, after the great Indonesian Hindu Empire Majapahit was defeated and most of Indonesia was converted to Islam. Here are some interesting facts about Bali that every Indian Hindu must know.

  1. Nyepi day, a day of total silence (mauna) once a year, when even the Ngurah Rai International Airport of Denpasar is closed from 6 am to 6 am. No cars, no traffic, no entertainment, no TV. Sit in the house, do contemplation, do prayers. Can we introduce that Nyepi Day in our noisy country?

  2. The culture of Bali was begun by the Rishis of India, whose names are no longer taught in the schools of India but which are common in the schools of Bali—Markandeya, Bharadwaja, Agastya – the names we hear in the Puranas but they are part of the way the history of Bali is taught in the schools of Bali. How many Rishis can you name? Do you remember any one of the 402 names of the Rishis and Rishikas (female Rishis) from the Rig Veda (the most ancient and most sacred text of Hinduism), which are our ancestors and the forming fathers of our religion – Vaidika Sanatana Dharma?

  3. The national Balinese dress for both, men and women, girls and boys, is Dhoti. No one can enter a temple without wearing a Dhoti. Except in some parts of South India, Dhoti is laughed at in India today. Why are we so ashamed of our heritage? Even most Indian priests change their dress after they are finished with the worship because they feel ashamed to be seen in a Dhoti??

  4. The social, economic and political system of Bali is based on the principle of tri-hita-karana…three benevolent, beneficent principles— that every human being has three aspects …the duty, the relationship that we have with God [Parahyangan]; the relationship that we have with human beings [Pawongan]; and the relationship that we have with nature [Palemahan] and these are the three principles on which the entire culture of Bali is built. This was all established by the Rishis whose names are just about forgotten in India which are taught in the schools of Bali.

  5. Trikala Sandhya (Sun worship three times a day) is practiced in every Balinese school. The Gayatri Mantra is recited by every Balinese school child three times a day. Many of the local radio stations also relay Trikala Sandhya three times a day. Can we even think of introducing something like this to our schools in India? How many Indian Hindus are aware of their duty of Trikala Sandhya? It is as central to our religion as the 5 times Namaz is to Islam, yet?

  6. In the year 1011 AD, at a place which is now known as Purasamantiga… there was the first interreligious conference of three religions: Shaiva Agama, Bauddha Agama and Baliyaga, the traditional pre-Buddhist, pre-Hindu, Balinese religion. The scholars and the leaders sat down and worked out a system by which the three religions should work together and exchange forms with each other and that is the religion of Bali today.

  7. In Bali every priest is paid by the government. Despite the fact that Indonesia is a secular country with the biggest Muslim population in the world, the priest of every religion is paid by the government. Every religion is supported by the government. That is the Indonesian form of secularism.

  8. The national motto of Indonesia “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika. One is many, many is one.” is inspired by an Indonesian Hindu scripture Sutasoma Kakavin. The complete quotation is as follows – “It is said that the well known Buddha and Shiva are two different substances; they are indeed different, yet how is it possible to recognize their difference in a glance, since the truth of Buddha and the truth of Shiva are one? They may be different, but they are of the same kind, as there is no duality in truth.” Why can’t we have “Ekam Sad Vipra Bahudha Vadanti” (The truth is one, but the wise express it in various ways – Rig Veda) as our national motto?

  9. Bali is one of the world’s most prominent rice growers. Every farm has a temple dedicated to Shri Devi and Bhu Devi (Lakshmi, the Goddess of wealth and Mother Earth – the two divinities that stand on the either of side of Tirupati Bala ji in India)…..No farmer will perform his agricultural duties without first making offerings to Shri Devi and Bhu Devi. That is called culture, that SubakSystem.

  10. The agricultural and water irrigation plan for the entire country was charted in the 9th Century. The priests of a particular water temple still control this irrigation plan. And some World Bank or United Nations scientist did a computer model that would be ideal for Bali. And when they brought the model the Balinese said ‘we have been practicing this since the 9th century. What are you bringing here?’ And I don’t know how many million dollars these WTO, these World Bank people, United Nations people, spent on creating that chart which was already created in the 9th century without any computers and that Subak System still continues.

  11. Such systems were in place in various parts of the country. Its remnants are still visible here in India. I have visited areas where there is no water for miles due to drought, yet the well at the local temple still provides fresh water.

  12. In Bali Hindus still don’t read a printed book when they perform Puja (worship). They read from a Lontar, which has traditionally been scripted by hand on a palm leaf. Before they recite the Ramayana Kakavin the book is worshipped. There is a special ritual of lifting the sacred book, carrying it in a procession, bringing [it] to a special place, doing the bhumi puja, worshipping the ground there and consecrating the ground, then placing the book there. Then the priest will sit and recite the Ramayana.

Padmavati, Alla-o-din, Shivaji, Sanjay Leela Bhansali and Our Times!


People are always innocent but ideas are not always so. People are born innocent but ideas may be dangerous; and these ideas may grip people when they grow up. And people here mean all people – irrespective of their individual religion, caste, nation, ethnicity or any other peculiarity. Ideas may be innocent but often times they are dangerous!

Almost the entire humanity – except a few individuals here and there who are spiritually accomplished Yogis and Saints – lives in the world of ideas. People are moved in their life by their instincts, which are crude in their substance and put humans at the animal level. However ideas play an important role in taming these savage tendencies in a civilized society. In society these instincts may either be restricted in their ugly manifestation by the discipline of benevolent ideas or provoked further in their ugly exhibition by belligerent ideas.  When an idea grips a large number of people, it can create a great impact on the world where we all live. And, this idea could be benevolent or malevolent in its impact on humanity. What is an idea?

Idea! Idea has a great power. Idea is only a thought in the human mind and, so, it is a tiny electrical pulse in the neurological circuits within one’s biological brain. But this idea, like a relay or trigger in an electronic device, makes a man move and put that idea into action. And, that action is not a tiny ‘pulse’ in one’s private brain but a concrete and material act in the outside world, which may create havoc in the world in which we live. An idea could be easily transformed into a devastating bomb blast, killing persons who might have had no connection with it whatsoever, or even could wipe out the entire humanity from this planet. Such is the power of an ‘idea’.

Marx, the father of Communism, had famously said, “When an idea grips masses, it becomes a material force.” We have seen this statement being proved by the historical events when until recently half of the world was gripped by the idea of communism and socialism – swallowing in the whirlwind the Peoples of four continents of Europe, Asia and South America in Soviet Russia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, East Germany, Vietnam, Laos, and Cuba etc. Indeed ideas have great power!

Diversity is the beauty of Nature. It is the way it works. Essentially all things may be one but in appearance they are diverse and must remain so. The scheme of Nature demands this diversity must not be destroyed. In human society too, this universality of diversity is reflected in many languages, cultures, thoughts, faiths, religions, habits, ways of life, foods and customs of its diverse peoples. To reduce this diversity into single category – whether in the matter of faith or anything else – by force of arms, with political and military components within it under one head, is nothing but an idea – be it touted as an ideology or a religion.

Such an idea in hidden intent as expressed in its vocal actions seeks to address the concerns – not of some unseen divine God but – of this world and its worldly things: Political power, domination, subjugation of the rivals, acquisition of wealth, victory in war, and enjoyment of sex and slaves.

All these concerns are nothing but the manifestation of the unabashed instincts, which govern the lower rung of life, that is, the animal kingdom. Such an idea is dangerous and not welcome in civilized society. In the past also, it has never been welcome in any civilized society. As least, India had never followed such an idea in its long history.

An idea is an idea, whether bundled as an ideology or religion. But an idea is more lethal in its impact when it is bundled as religion than when it is presented simply as an ideology – a mental construct. A mental construct is always a doubtful proposition but when an idea is presented and accepted as religion, it becomes the ‘Word and Command of God’, which countenances no laxity in its observance. When a religious injunction made to its male adherents to ravish women and children of those who do not adhere to this idea – with a vivid description of the injunction how to divide and rape, and enslave them as the legitimate war booty – is presented as the ‘Command of God’, it becomes extremely lethal for the civilized society. Here we are talking of the power of such an idea bundled as religion – in the historical past and in our own times.

In India at this time a passionate controversy around Padmavati (real name Padamni) – a historical person of 1303 AD, an extremely beautiful woman – is raging. An astute film maker – Sanjay Leela Bhansali – has sensed his opportunity in her fame to make easy money. He has made a film and titled it, not after some fictitious character ‘xyz-vati’, but after a real brave woman ‘Padmavati’. His sixth sense knows that nobody in India would be interested in watching his such a fictitious woman character but a great mass of India would be rushing to watch his created ‘Padmavati’.

Art for the sake of art is a great thing and it always draws admiration and respect from all quarters, low and high. Art for the sake of money is also alright, though not so admirable. But the distortion of the historical truth in the name of art and for the sake of money is condemnable. In India, everybody who has a little sense of history, knows that Padamni was known to history only because she was extremely beautiful, Allauddin – a medieval Muslim fanatic king – wanted to grab her from her husband and she committed self-immolation (Jauhar) by jumping into fire to save her womanly dignity. The eagle eye of this Sanjay Leela Bhansali has spotted a tantalizing possibility of earning an easy money in an otherwise pathetic saga of a woman courting death to save her honor.

Who was this Allauddin? Why did he want to possess a woman, who was the wife of another person? Who was this Padmavati or Padamni? We leave here this Sanjay Leela Bhansali and go to the history, before commenting on our present times – history in the making – when many today’s Allauddins in the region of Yezidis are after their women and children – to rape them, to enslave them, to kill their menfolk.

Col. James Todd was a military officer of the East India Company, who had taken great labors to compile the history of India – commencing from prehistoric times till his own times at the closing of the 19th century. This labor fructified in his two-volume epitome titled ‘Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan’. This work is not sourced from the Malik Mohammad Jaysee’s “Padmavat”, a poetic version of the horrific self immolation (Jauhar) by queen Padmani or Padmavati. We reproduce from his book (at page 212 of volume I) what he says of the pathetic saga of Padamni.

“Lakumsi succeeded his father in S. 1331 (AD 1275), a memorable era in the annals, when Cheetore, the repository of all that was precious yet untouched of the art of India, was stormed, sacked, and treated with remorseless barbarity, by the Pathan emperor, Alla-o-din. Twice it was attacked by this subjugator of India. In the first seize it escaped spoliation, though at the price of its best defenders: that which followed is the first successful assault and capture of which we have any detailed account.

“Bheemsi was the uncle of the young prince, and protector during his minority. He had espoused the daughter of Hamir Sank (Chohan) of Ceylon, the cause of woes unnumbered to the Sisodias. Her name was Pudmani, a title bestowed only on the superlatively fair, and transmitted with renown to posterity by tradition and the song of the bard. Her beauty, accomplishments, exaltation, and destruction, with other incidental circumstances, constitute the subject of one of the most popular traditions of Rajwarra. The Hindu bard recognizes the fair, in preference to fame and love of conquest, as the motive for the attack of Alla-o-din, who limited his demand to the possession of Pudmani; though this was after a long and fruitless seize. At length he restricted his desire to a mere sight of this extraordinary beauty, and acceded to the proposal of beholding her through the medium of mirrors. Relying on the faith of the Rajpoot, he entered Cheetore slightly guarded, and having gratified his wish, returned. The Rajpoot, unwillingly to be outdone in confidence, accompanied the king to the foot of the fortress, amidst many complimentary excuses from his guest at the trouble he thus occasioned. It was for this that Alla risked his own safety, relying on the superior faith of the Hindu. Here he had an ambush; Bheemsi was made prisoner, hurried away to the Tatar camp, and his liberty made dependent on the surrender of Pudmani.”

We pause here in the narration of history and return back to our Sanjay Leela Bhansali. He has borrowed a piece from history for his film and he should not take liberty with history in the name of art. Did he show in his film the moral superiority of Rajpoots in not committing a breach of trust by killing Alla-o-din when he was under their control in their fort? After all, Alla-o-din was alive at that moment only at their mercy, Alla-o-din who had come there solely on his business to vanquish these Rajpoots and rob their woman.

Bhansali is presenting history in the name of art for an audience of 21st century, who not only gets entertained by films but also makes up their mind on the basis of what is shown to them in those films and judge history.

Did Bhansali show the despicable character of Alla-o-din in committing a breach of trust in kidnapping an innocently confident Bheemsi? Is going against one’s solemn word a virtue or sin by the standards of Bhansali? There was a rare opportunity for Bhansali in this episode to show through his arts how Indians were great in their character in honoring their word, even to their mortal detriment.

If Bhansali did not show these aspects of this historical event in his film, he should be held to have failed in the fair standards of the Indian Film Certification Board.

Let us leave Bhansali and resume history.

“Despair reigned in Cheetore when this fatal event was known, and it was debated whether Pudmani should be resigned as a ransom for their defender. Of this she was informed, and expressed her acquiescence. Having provided wherewithal to secure her from dishonor, she communed with two chiefs of her own kin and clan of Ceylon, her uncle Gorah, and his nephew Badul, who devised a scheme for the liberation of their prince without hazarding her life or fame. Intimation was dispatched to Alla, that on the day he withdraw from his trenches the fair Pudmani would be sent, but in a manner befitting her own and his high station, surrounded by her females and handmaids; not only those who would accompany her to Delhi, but many others who desired to pay her this last mark of reverence…… No less than seven hundred covered litters proceeded to the royal camp. In each was placed one of the bravest of the defenders of Cheetore, borne by six armed soldiers disguised as litter-porters. They reached the camp…. The litters were deposited, and half an hour was granted for a parting interview between the Hindu prince and his bride. They then placed their prince in a litter and returned with him, while the greater number (the supposed damsels) remained to accompany the fair to Delhi. But Alla had no intention to permit Bheemsi’s return (!!!), and was becoming jealous of the long interview he enjoyed, when, instead of the prince and Pudmani, the devoted band issued from their litters: but Alla was too well guarded. Pursuit was ordered, while these covered the retreat till they perished to a man….. (Bheemsi safely ascended the fort, at the outer gate of which the host of Alla was encountered)…. The choicest of the heroes of Cheetore met the assault, with Gorah and Badul at their head, animated by the noblest sentiments, the deliverance of their chief and the honor of their queen, they devoted themselves to destruction, and few were the survivors of this slaughter of the flower of Mewar. For a time Alla was defeated in his object, and the havoc they had made in his ranks, joined to the dread of their determined resistance, obliged him to desist from the enterprise.

“Alla-o-din, having recruited his strength, returned to his object, Cheetore. The annals state this to have been in S. 1346 (A.D.1290), but Ferista gives a date thirteen years later. They had not yet recovered the loss of so many valiant men who had sacrificed themselves for their prince’s safety, and Alla carried on his attacks more closely …..A generous contention arose amongst the brave brothers, who should be the first victim to avert the denunciation. Ursi urged his priority of birth: he was proclaimed, the umbrella waved over his head, and on the fourth day he surrendered his short-lived honors and his life. Ajeysi, the next in birth, demanded to follow; but he was the favorite son of his father, and at his request he consented to let his brothers precede him. Eleven had fallen in turn, and but one victim remained to the salvation of the city, when the Rana, calling his chiefs around him, said,”Now I devote myself for Cheetore.” But another awful sacrifice was to precede this act of self-devotion, in their horrible rite, the Jauhar, where the females are immolated to preserve them from pollution or captivity. The funeral pyre was lighted within the ‘great subterranean retreat’, in chambers impervious to the light of day, and the defenders of Cheetore beheld in procession the queen, their own wives and daughters to the number of several thousands. The fair Pudmani closed the throng, which was augmented by whatever of female beauty or youth could be tainted by Tatar lust.

“They were conveyed to the cavern, and the opening closed upon them, having them to find security from dishonor in the devouring element.” But before her Jauhar, Padmani had this dialogue with Badul.

“Badul was but a stripling of twelve, but the Rajpoot expects wonders from this early age. He escaped, though wounded, and a dialogue ensues between him and his uncle’s wife (Padmani), who desires him to relate how her lord conducted himself ere she joins him. The stripling replies:”He was the reaper of the harvest of the battle. I followed his steps as the humble gleaner of his sword. on the gory bed of honor he spread a carpet of the slain; a barbarian prince his pillow, he laid him down, and sleeps surrounded by the foe. ” Again she said, “Tell me, Badul, how did my love behave?” “Oh! mother, how further describe his deeds, when he left no foe to dread or admire him?” She smiled farewell to the boy, and adding,”My lord will chide my delay,” sprung into the flame.” But, before this dialog, what happened was this:

“A contest now arose between the Rana and his surviving son; but the father prevailed, and Ajeysi, in obedience to his commands, with a small band passed through the enemy’s lines, and reached Kailwarra in safety. The Rana satisfied that his line was not extinct, now prepared to follow his brave sons; and calling around him his devoted clans, for whom life had no longer any charms, they threw open the portals and descended to the plains, and with a reckless despair carried death, or met it, in the crowded ranks of Alla, the Tatar conquer took possession of an inanimate capital, strewed with brave defenders, the smoke yet issuing from the recesses where lay consumed the once fair object of his desire; and since this devoted day the cavern has been sacred: no eye has penetrated its gloom, and superstition has placed as its guardian a huge serpent, whose “venomous breath” extinguishes the light which might guide intruders to “the place of sacrifice”.

“Thus fell, in A.D. 1303, this celebrated capital, in the round of conquest of Alla-o-din, one of the most vigorous and warlike sovereigns who have occupied the throne of India, in success, and in one of the means of attainment, a bigoted hypocrisy, he wore a striking resemblance to Aurangzeb; and the title of ‘Secunder Sani’ or the second Alexander, which he assumed and impressed on his coins, was no idle vaunt.”

A few lines more would complete this pathetic history of India’s rape by the barbarian Tatar invaders:

“The survivor of Cheetore, Rana Ajeysi, was now in security at Kailwarra…… Guarded by faithful adherents, Ajeysi cherished for future occasion the wrecks of Mewar. It was the last behest of his father, that when he attained ‘one hundred years’(a figurative expression for dying) the son of Ursi, the elder brother, should succeed him. The injunction, from the deficiency of the qualities requisite at such a juncture in his own sons, met a ready compliance. Hamir was this son, destined to redeem the promise of the genius of Cheetore and the lost honors of his race, and whose birth and early history fill many a page of their annals….. Mewar was now occupied by the garrisons of Delhi, and Ajeysi had besides to contend with the mountain chiefs…. The Rana’s (Ajeysi’s) sons, Sujunsi and Ajinsi, though fourteen and fifteen, an age at which a Rajpoot ought to indicate his future character, proved of little aid in the emergency. Hamir was summoned, and accepted the feud against Moonja, promising to return successful or not at all. In a few days he was seen entering the pass of Kailwarra with Moonja’s head at his saddle-bow….. This decided the fate of the sons of Ajeysi; one of whom died at Kailwarra, and the other, Sujunsi, who might have excited a civil war, was sent from the country. He departed for the Dekhan, where his issue was destined to avenge some of the wrongs the parent country had sustained, and eventually to overturn the monarchy of Hindustan; for Sujunsi was the ancestor of Sevaji, the founder of the Satara throne, whose lineage is given in the chronicles of Mewar (lineage is: Ajeysi, Sujunsi, Duleepji, Seoji, B’horaji, Deoraj, Oogursen, Mahoolji, Khailooji, Junkoji, Suttooji, Sambaji, Sevaji – who was the founder of the Mahratta nation).  ……. Hamir succeeded in S. 1357 (A.D. 1301), and had sixty-four years granted to him to redeem his country from the ruins of the past century, which period had elapsed since India ceased to own the paramount sway of her native princes…… Hamir made Kailwarra his residence, which soon became the chief retreat of the emigrants from the plains….. a proposal of marriage (of Hamir) came from the Hindu governor of Cheetore, which was immediately accepted, contrary to the wishes of the prince’s advisors. Whether this was intended as a snare to entrap him, or merely as an insult, every danger was scouted by Hamir which gave a chance to the recovery of Cheetore…. Hamir retired with his bride to the apartments allotted for them. Her kindness and vows of fidelity overcame his sadness upon learning that he had married a widow, she had been wedded to a chief of the Bhatti tribe, shortly afterwards slain, and when she was so young as not to recollect even his appearance. He ceased to lament the insult when she herself taught him how it might be avenged, and that it might even lead to the recovery of Cheetore….Kaitsi was the fruit of this marriage, on which occasion Maldeo made over all the hill tracts to Hamir….. she wrote to her parents to invite her to Cheetore, that the infant might be placed before the shrine of the deity. Escorted by a party from Cheetore, with her child she entered its walls; and instructed by the Mehta, she gained over the troops who were left, for the Rao had gone with his chief adherents against the Mers of Madarai. Hamir was at hand. Notice that all was ready reached him at Bagore. Still he met opposition that had nearly defeated the scheme; but having forced admission, his sword overcame every obstacle, and the oath of allegiance was proclaimed from the palace of his fathers.

“The Sonigurraon his return was met with ‘a salute of arabas’, and Maldeo himself carried the account of his loss to the Ghilji king Mahmood, who had succeeded Alla….Bunbeer, the son of Maldeo, offered to serve Hamir …. Hamir was the sole Hindu prince of power now left in India…. Hamir died full of years, leaving a name still honored in Mewar, as one of the wisest and most gallant of her princes, and bequeathing a well-established and extensive power to his son (Khaitisi).. … Khaitisi succeeded in S. 1421 (A.D. 1365) to the power and to the character of his father (Hamir)…. He obtained a victory over the Delhi monarch Hemayoon at Bakrole; but the unhappily his life terminated in a family broil with his vassal, the Harra chief of Bumaoda,whose daughter he was about to espouse. Lakha Rana, by this assassination, mounted the throne of Cheetore in S. 1439 (A.D. 1373).”

This much is from the history. Let us now leave history and Bhansali alone and come to the present times – the 21st century.

When ideas – dangerous ideas – are presented and accepted as religion(s), they create in their footsteps a trail of blood. We ask: What was the reasonable (not moral) justification for Alla-o-din to do what he tried to do to Cheetore for Pudmani? A ready-made answer is often given to justify Alla-o-din acts: It was a routine thing in medieval age for kings to expand their kingdom, plunder the enemy and rob their women. It is the greatest lie. It is to whitewash the truth. The truth is: It is an idea – that was being acted upon by Alla-o-din in medieval age – and that is being acted upon by many now in modern times. Alla-o-din was not the first one, nor the last one, in acting upon this idea.

Human history is replete with instances when horrific crimes were committed against humanity because a diabolical idea was transformed into religion casting an obligation upon its holders to rape women and children, and kill and plunder their man folk. This history is not the history of the past alone as related above but it is a history continually being made even today, in this 21st century. There are countless armed gangs today who behold the idea that had once made Alla-o-din to do what he did. Yezidi men and their women – who have been killed and made sex slaves recently – know this truth better than anybody else!

We have seen in modern times that this idea – upon being transformed into religion – becomes the ‘Command of God’, which command makes its holder to value his own life less than of complying with the command, which life is otherwise dearest to him. He becomes a walking bomb because of the idea. US, French, British, Russian, Chinese and many other Peoples know this truth better than anybody else!

Has the humanity come out of the Dark Age by repelling and rejecting such an abhorrent idea? Obviously it has not! People are innocent but such ideas are dangerous, which may grip them!

पृथकतावादियों के अदांज मे फारूख अबदुला


प्रभात कुमार रॉय

फारुख अब्दुल्ला को जो लोग निकट से जानते हैं, वे सभी इस तथ्य से परिचित हैं कि फारुख अब्दुल्ला गिरगिट की तर्ज ओ तरीके से राजनीतिक रंग पलटने में सदैव से माहिर रहे हैं. सत्तासीन होकर फारुख अब्दुल्ला जो तक़रीर करते हैं, सत्ताच्युत होकर उससे एकदम ही उलट तक़रीर करते हैं. संसद में फारुख अब्दुल्ला जो तक़रीर करते हैं, श्रीनगर में उससे एकदम विपरीत तक़रीर करते हैं.

विगत बुधवार को कश्मीर के उड़ी इलाके में नेशनल कांफ्रेस के सम्मेलन को संबोधित करते हुए फारुख अब्दुल्ला अपनी तक़रीर में फरमाते हैं कि आखिर कब तक बेगुनाहों का लहू बहता रहेगा और हम कहते रहेगें कि वो पाक कब्जे वाला कश्मीर हमारा हिस्सा है. वो तो इनके बाप का हिस्सा नहीं है. सत्तर साल हो गए हैं वो कश्मीर पाकिस्तान का है और ये कश्मीर हिंदुस्तान का है. सत्तर साल से ये हिंदुस्तानी उसको हासिल नहीं कर सके और आज कहते हैं हमारा है हमारा है. फारुख अब्दुल्ला के इस बयान पर सबसे कड़ा प्रतिउत्तर स्वयं प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी द्वारा प्रदान किया गया है. नरेंद्र मोदी ने बड़ी ही बेबाकी से कहा कि फारुख अब्दुल्ला और उनके परिवार के कारनामों के कारणवश ही कश्मीर का यह हाल हुआ है.

अफसोसनाक तथ्य है कि नरेंद्र मोदी के अतिरिक्त अभी तक अन्य किसी भी राष्ट्रीय पार्टी के शीर्षस्थ लीडर द्वारा फारुख अब्दुल्ला के इस देशद्रोही और आपत्तिजनक बयान पर कड़ी प्रतिक्रिया व्यक्त नहीं की गई. जबकि भारतीय जनता पार्टी के अतिरिक्त भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस और कम्युनिस्ट पार्टी ऑफ इंडिया (मार्क्सवादी) को भी राष्ट्रीय पार्टी का दर्जा प्राप्त है. स्मरण कीजिए वर्ष 1992 में संसद के अधिवेशन को, जबकि भारतीय संसद ने एकमत होकर ऐतिहासिक प्रस्ताव पारित किया था कि संपूर्ण कश्मीर भारत का अविभाज्य और अभिन्न अंग है. तत्कालीन प्रधानमंत्री नरसिम्मा राव ने संसद के पटल पर कहा था कि राष्ट्र के समक्ष पाक अधिकृत कश्मीर को भारत में विलय करने का पुनीत कार्य अभी तक शेष है.

कांग्रेस पार्टी की शीर्ष लीडर मैडम सोनिया गांधी और राहुल गांधी आखिरकार फारुख अब्दुल्ला के बेहूदा बयान पर क्यों चुप्पी साधे हुए हैं? कांग्रेस की तरफ से एक लचर सा बयान गुलाम नबी आजाद का आया है. फारुख अब्दुल्ला के बयान पर कम्युनिस्ट पार्टी के लीडर आखिर क्यों खामोश हैं? सर्वविदित है कि कम्युनिस्ट लीडर वर्ष 1992 में संपूर्ण कश्मीर पर सर्वसम्मत संसदीय प्रस्ताव पारित कराने के कार्य में अग्रणी भूमिका में थे.

भारत ने वास्तविक नियंत्रण रेखा (एलओसी) को भारत और पाकिस्तान के मध्य वास्तविक सरहद कदापि स्वीकार नहीं किया है. अपनी विषाक्त तकरीर में फारुख अब्दुल्ला यहां नहीं ठहरे और आगे कहा, ‘भारत ने हमें (कश्मीरियों को) धोखा दिया. उसने हमारी मोहब्बत को कभी मान्यता नहीं दीजिसके चलते हमने उसको (भारत) चुना था.’

आजकल फारुख अब्दुल्ला बाकायदा कश्मीर के पृथकतावादियों की भाषा शैली में तकरीर फरमा रहे हैं. भारत को धोखेबाज मुल्क करार देने वाले फारुख अब्दुल्ला केंद्र में एनडीए की वाजपेई हुकूमत और मनमोहन सिंह की यूपीए की हुकूमत के साथ बाकायदा साझीदार रह चुके हैं. वस्तुतः समस्त देशभक्त राष्ट्रीय राजनीतिक दलों द्वारा फारुख अब्दुल्ला के अत्यंत आपत्तिजनक बयान का एकजुट होकर जबरदस्त खंडन करना चाहिए. भारत की एकता और अखंडता के प्रश्न पर तो कदाचित कोई संकीर्ण सियासत नहीं होनी चाहिए.  

याद कीजिए वर्ष 1982 पहली बार जब फारुख अब्दुल्ला जम्मू-कश्मीर के मुख्यमंत्री के पद पर विराजमान हुए थे. सन् 1984 में फारुख अब्दुल्ला विपक्ष के साथ एकजुट होकर इंदिरा गांधी कांग्रेस के विरुद्ध खड़े हो गए थे. तत्कालीन प्रधानमंत्री इंदिरा गांधी द्वारा 1984 में फारुख हुकूमत को बर्खास्त करके इसका दंड उनको प्रदान किया गया. सियासी झटका खाकर फारुख अब्दुल्ला तत्काल ही कांग्रेस पार्टी की शरण में चले गए. वर्ष 1987 में फारुख अब्दुल्ला की नेशनल कांफ्रेस ने राजीव गांधी की कांग्रेस के साथ के साथ मिलकर जम्मू-कश्मीर विधानसभा का चुनाव लड़ा. इस विधानसभा चुनाव में जबरदस्त धांधली अंजाम दी गई. इसी चुनाव धांधली के तत्पश्चात कश्मीर घाटी में आतंकवाद के  हालात निर्मित हुए थे.

जनाब फारुख अब्दुल्ला राजनीतिक मौकापरस्ती के जीवंत किरदार रहे हैं. यदा कदा देशभक्ति का दमखम भरते रहने वाले फारुख अब्दुल्ला, आजकल पाक प्रधानमंत्री शाहिद खाकान अब्बासी के अल्फाजों को भारत की सरजमीन पर दोहराने लगे हैं. फारुख अब्दुल्ला अपनी तकरीर में फरमाते है कि चाहे कितनी भी जंग क्यों न हो जाएपाक अधिकृत कश्मीर तो नहीं बदलने वाला है. पाक अधिकृत कस्मीर (पीओके) पाकिस्तान का हिस्सा है और उसे पाकिस्तान से कोई छीन नहीं सकता. 

सन् 1982 और 1996 से वर्ष 2002 तक जम्मू-कश्मीर के अपने मुख्यमंत्रीत्व काल में फारुख अब्दुल्ला ऐसी पृथकतावादी भाषा कदापि नहीं बोली. केंद्र में केबिनेट मिनिस्टर रहते हुए फारुख अब्दुल्ला के मुख से ऐसे पृथकतावादी अल्फाज़ कभी नहीं निकले जोकि केंद्र और प्रांत की राजसत्ता से बेदखल होते ही फूटने लगे हैं.  

ऐतिहासिक तथ्य को पूर्णतः नकारते हुए और कश्मीर रियासत के तत्कालीन महाराजा हरी सिंह द्वारा भारत के साथ संपूर्ण कश्मीर रियायत के विलय पत्र के दस्तखत पर स्याही फेरते हुए फारुख अब्दुल्ला अपने पिता शेख अब्दुल्ला के नक्श-ए-कदम पर आगे बढ़ना चाहते हैं. शेख अब्दुल्ला ने भारत के विरुद्ध ऐसी ही पृथकतावादी भाषा का इस्तेमाल प्रारम्भ कर दिया था. जिसके कारणवश शेख साहब को पं. नेहरु हुकूमत द्वारा गिफ्तार करके एक दशक से अधिक वक्त तक जेल में रखा गया था.

जिस उड़ी में फारुख अब्दुल्ला ने विवादित तकरीर अंजाम दी है, इसी उड़ी इलाके तक भारतीय सेना 1947 में आक्रमणकारी पाक फौज को परास्त करते हुए पंहुच चुकी थी. दुर्भाग्यवश पं. नेहरु यदि एकतरफा युद्ध विराम घोषित करते हुए कश्मीर विवाद यूएन में नहीं ले गए होते, तो मात्र एक दिन में संपूर्ण कश्मीर पर भारतीय सेना का आधिपत्य स्थापित हो गया होता और कश्मीर विवाद का नामोनिशान तक इतिहास में नहीं होता. पाक अधिकृत कश्मीर सरीखा कोई इलाका पाकिस्तान की सरजमीन पर कदापि उदित नहीं होता.

सत्तर साल अवश्य ही व्यतीत हो गए हैं, किंतु पाक अधिकृत कश्मीर को भारत में विलय करने का पवित्र राष्ट्रीय मकसद फनाँ नहीं हुआ है. बंगालदेश युद्ध और करगिल युद्ध के दौर में पाक अधिकृत कश्मीर को फतह करने का स्वप्न साकार नहीं किया जा सका, किंतु भारत अपनी आंखों में पाक अधिकृत कश्मीर को भारत का अभिन्न बनाने का स्वप्न्न संजोए रहेगा और आज नहीं तो कल ये स्वप्न्न अवश्य ही साकार होगा। 

Terrorism and Police Reforms in India


By: Shreepal Singh

Is India suffering with the problem of terrorism? If you think, India is not so suffering do not read this article any further. If you think, India is so suffering read on. You may have one hundred reasons to think that India is not so suffering, or India is so suffering, and they all are immaterial, for reasons can be crafted on both sides and do not always depict the reality.

Do you think India should get rid of this problem? If yes, read on; if no, leave the article at this stage. It is meant for those who hold that the terrorism, as it is being practised today in the modern context, is the most dangerous threat to the orderly civilized world and that it must be uprooted ruthlessly by the united efforts of mankind.

So, terrorism is there: it is a dangerous threat and growing in the intensity of its efforts to achieve its objective; and, it must be crushed by the full might of the Indian State.

How to handle this problem? The crux of the problem is not ‘how to neutralize’ the belligerent elements but ‘how to identify’ them. If you are able to identify them, you can easily neutralize them before they materialize into factual menace.

But how to identify them? You can’t read their mind. It is not written on their face. They are apparently just like millions of innocent ordinary Indians and mingle among them like the shadow of a man – bearing no clue of their separate identity.

Previously it was not possible to separate them from the innocent rest – the chaff from the grain – but now the technology has made it possible. The only solution lies in using the capability of technology to the hilt.

It is but natural that when you use this technological capability, there will be resistance to such initiative from many institutionalized quarters of society in the name of certain rights of citizens, say right to privacy. These quarters may range from mainstream and social media to judiciary to political parties etc.

The legitimacy of the utilization of technology towards such end would be tested on the fulcrum of only one thing: Whether terrorism is an existential threat to the Indian State. If it is found so, everything – every measure – is justified and all quarters of civilized society – including all organs of Indian State – must fall in line to save this country.

What are those technological measures that should be utilized to identify the belligerent elements living and kicking in the Indian society?

India needs to grow up to the challenge and innovate, which is the first requirement that this country must fulfil.

The challenge is great and India must grow out of the old mould. Let us enumerate the measure that India must initiate in this respect:

1. India must put in place a programme like PRISM of US, where all phone calls – emanating from India or terminated in India – must be monitored, marked dangerous or innocent. A data base of every Indian must be stored in computers in that centralized facility. In this software driven automated facility, all those calls/persons marked dangerous must be categorized into Most-Dangerous, Dangerous and Possibly Dangerous.

2. All those coming back to India must be screened for terrorist tendencies and, if found positive, must be put under constant police surveillance.

3. There must be police reform – the qualitative reform – in its lethal capacity to do what it is meant to do. The police is meant to prevent the commission of offence; and if committed, to apprehend the offender. This motto must be changed to the new motto: To apprehend the would-be offender before s/he is able to commit the offense.

4. Police must have a wing dedicated to this task. Policemen of this wing must be deployed among public as terrorists, anti-national activists and anti-state plotters. India in this field of police innovation already possesses a working manual in the form of the historical book of Chanakya’s Arthashashtra, commonly known as Chankyaniti.

5. All information, whether data generated or collected through human resource, must be centralized, updated and shared in real-time by all those who are tasked to prevent crime. Any lapse to share or to act on such information must be made a serious dereliction of duty on the part of the concerned officer.

6. India must bring in a new Constitutional provision mandating that all its provisions – rights, duties, institutional procedures – are subject to the right of the Indian State to defend and guarantee its existence. It is the need of the hour since if there is no Indian State, there can neither be any rights of Indian citizens nor any guarantee to protect them.

The Unfolding Coup in Saudi Arabia is Going to Impact Wahabi Pakistan


By Simon Templar

Have you seen the ending of the 1972 movie, “The Godfather”? It brilliantly showed the bloody scenes of the “takeover” of the Mafia by Michael Corleone (Al Pacino). One by one, all the bosses of the rival families are killed and removed until all opposition is gone and the Corleone family’s control over Mafia is complete.

Something very similar is happening right now in Saudi Arabia as I am writing these lines. In just less than two days, 49 influential Saudis have been arrested which include 11 members of the Royal family.

Among them is Prince Al-Waleed Bin Talal who happens to be the richest Saudi prince and businessmen and also one of the top 50 richest and most influential businessmen in the world.

As if that was not intriguing enough, a helicopter carrying several Saudi officials, including Prince Mansour bin Muqrin Al Saud, has crashed in the kingdom’s southwest near the border with Yemen.

Prince Mansour was the son of the former crown prince of Saudi Arabia and was a very influential man in the Kingdom. According to many, if things were normal, he would have been the future king of Saudi Arabia.

What’s going on? For that we have to go back in time, to see how the ascension to the Saudi throne has been working in the past.

The first King of Saudi Arabia was Abdulaziz ibn Al Saud. He conquered his ancestral region of Nejd (central Saudi Arabia) and Hejaz (Western Coast of Saudi Arabia that includes the two holy cities) and became the king of this newly created kingdom called Saudi Arabia.

After him one by one his sons became kings. This was a unique system in which the sons of the first king took turns one after another. Everyone knew who will be the king and who will be the crown prince. It was a very stable system but only in a short term.

Because although the first king had a long line of sons, it had to end someday. It was inevitable that one day when all the sons of the first king will die or grow extremely old, then the question will arise that in whose family-line the kingship will be transferred?

As more time passed, more uncertainty and rivalry grew among the princes and family-lines of various former kings of Saudi Arabia.

The current official estimate of the members of the Royal house of Saud is around 15000 princelings, among them many debauche, deviant, cruel and abnormal.

In 2015, when the present King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud came to power, he was the 25th son of the first king and already 79 years old.

Like his older brothers before him, he appointed his younger brother Muqrin bin Abdulaziz as the crown prince of Saudi Arabia. It was understood that after Salman, Prince Muqrin will be king.

And it was becoming increasingly likely that after Muqrin, no son of the first king will be around or fit enough to rule the Kingdom. Hence the throne will most probably pass to Muqrin’s family and his son, Prince Mansour (now dead in a mysterious helicopter crash) will become the next king.

Everyone could see that possibility but suddenly something strange happened. Just spending four months as the crown prince of Saudi Arabia, Muqrin was removed by King Salman on the pretext of the Crown Prince’s ill health whereas The King himself is ill and senile!

The King appointed his own mercurial young son Prince Muhammad bin Salman as the crown prince of Saudi Arabia.

The writing on the wall was now clear that the transfer of kingship among the sons of the first king officially ended and the kingship will subsequently be transferred in the family-line of King Salman downwards.

But here is the problem. It was an unnatural transfer. The natural transfer was supposed to happen in Crown Prince Muqrin’s family-line, if he was allowed to rule.

There was this extremely uncomfortable, pregnant silence in the royal family but tensions were simmering under this ominous calm, in the wake of this unconventional power transfer.

Domestically, Prince Muhammad immediately started consolidating power by taking control of one institution after another.

There is hardly anything today in Saudi Arabia that can be done without his approval. His orders are that everything big or small will go through him.

But among Royalty, history teaches us that the silence of the royal family or control of national institutions is never enough to consolidate power in modern day Saudi Arabia.

Prince Muhammad also needed the approval and backing of America. Something that every Saudi King needs, specially after the Gulf crisis of 1991.

And for that purpose Prince Muhammad needed Yousef Al Otaiba , the current United Arab Emirates ambassador to the United States and a charismatic and shrewd businessman from a very influential family of UAE.

Yousef Al Otaiba is like one of those people about whom you do not hear or know very much, but they are the real power brokers in Washington and other important capitals of the world and whose influence extends far beyond their apparent job specifications.

This alliance between Prince Muhammad and Yousef became very instrumental in sponsoring Prince Muhammad in the halls of Washington. Yousef Al Otaiba not only got important connections for Prince Muhammad but was also the key man behind the May 2017 US$350 billion arms deal between US and Saudi Arabia signed by President Trump.

It was a plain and simple deal based on crystal clear interests. President Trump needed Saudi money for creating jobs, under the banner of which he fought his election campaign and also to show progress after repeated domestic failures.

Prince Muhammad on the other hand wanted to show the Royal family that now he has the needed approval of Washington for his ascension to the throne will backing.

This new friendship with powerful people in Washington gave the exact kind of dangerous confidence to Prince Muhammad, the consequences of which we subsequently saw in the Middle East.

The ruthless bombing campaign in Yemen, the standoff with Qatar and the ever-increasing belligerence towards Iran are some of the apparent consequences of Prince Muhammad’s newly found alliances.

But the influence of Yousef Al Otaiba on Prince Muhammad went a little beyond that. The recent relaxation of laws like allowing Saudi women more freedoms etc are a manifestation of that welcome influence to modernize a hypocritical and archaic society.

Yousef not only convinced Prince Muhammad to pass these laws, he also peddled these changes in Washington to show that how much “moderate” Prince Muhammad will be as the King of Saudi Arabia.

But soon the backlash came. While Prince Muhammad was busy showing his “progressive” side to the west, the influential sidelined members of Saudi Royal family and many hardline clerics of the powerful Wahabi establishment were getting restless and vocal about Prince Muhammad’s legitimacy as the next king and his methods of ruling the Kingdom.

Washington was monitoring all these developments and gave Prince Muhammad a go-ahead signal through a recent visit to Riyadh by Jared Kushner, who is the son in law of and Senior Advisor to the President Trump.

Resultantly the political purge started with these high profile arrests in the name of crackdown against corruption, alongside a dead man in a “mysterious” helicopter crash who could’ve been the next king.

And for now it seems that the Mafia style takeover of the Saudi throne is underway by a young, ruthless godfather who seeks to dominate the landscape of Middle East for a long time to come.

Modernisation, privatisation and elimination of the power of the clergy are on the agenda. Instead of doddering old semi senile octogenarians ruling over a rigid narrow repressive ultraconservative society, an energetic young man has been chosen to revamp and reshape Arabia , giving it a place among the modern countries of the world.

Pakistan too needs to wake up, its sycophantic policy of verring to the right, pandering to wahabi ideology for handouts of dollars has driven it to the lip of the abyss and certain destruction.

Now that its masters are abandoning antiquated and abnormal policies to be in sync with the world, so should this nuclear armed impoverished nation of 220 million which lost its secular soul at the alter of jihad fuelled by petro dollars.

The world has been watching silently as the capital has been held hostage by a few dozen radical islamic fundamentalists. Great unease at this sight of the nuclear armed Government being helpless in the face of a rag tag band of mullahs is felt in the west and a decision has been taken: this will not stand!

Change is inevitable, Pakistanis can choose, they can initiate it themselves and start the process of normalisation, else it shall be imposed from abroad.

For too long has the world tolerated the basket case of South Asia…the clock has run out! Bewarned!

The Author is a geo- strategist based in Brussels

History: Tell the Past Truthfully!


 

By: Pingaligopi

(This article is borrowed with thanks from HERE) 

‘Brainwashed Republic’ by Neeraj Atri and Muneishwar Sagar is a revelation, to say the least. The Government of India’s Ministry of Education established the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), by merging seven government institutions in 1961. NCERT had the major task of writing the textbooks for schools, which were accepted by a majority number of the Indian states as standard. Following Independence, the history given to our school children was heavily controlled by the ruling party – the Congress led by Nehru – for a long time.

History narrative was completely distorted by a political ideology, the left-liberal brand; and this was fed to the country for almost two generations. The writing suited the political masters and under their patronage, the historians played havoc with the truth. The country’s growing generations were totally confused and the majority came to be ashamed of themselves.

What is the purpose of history? It might generate a lot of answers and heated debates; but for India after Independence, history should have served a specific purpose. At the time of independence, when we are at the bottom of our confidence and self-respect, there was a need to look at our history and ancient heritage; and tell the country truth about ourselves. The growing generation needed to be told that we were one of the richest and the most culturally advanced countries in the world. We should have been told about our ancient civilizations and the wonderful achievements of the country in various secular and non-secular fields.

The purpose of history, finally, for school children is to instill a sense of pride and respect for the country. Alas, we lost an excellent opportunity.

The NCERT was filled with leftists and the twisted seculars who were more than willing to distort the narrative completely. The agenda filled history in a subtle and a not so subtle manner gave us a narrative which brainwashed two generations of Indians into believing that we were a country meant for invasions.

The history became a history of invaders instead of the land and its people. The Islamic invasions, the European invasions, the British rulers, the story of a select Indian leaders like Nehru and Gandhi became the only theme of the text-books. It was funny that obscure rulers like Iltumush, Qutbuddin Aibak were studied in detail – full chapters sometimes devoted to them; and the student at the time of finishing school would have no clue about Lachit Borphukan or the Chola rulers of the South. The Sikh gurus were hardly touched.

The narrative here was distorted too. The invaders were shown as benign people who were very benevolent towards the people and its religions. The invasions were brutal; the rulers were brutal too. Hindus were exterminated in great numbers and there was a large-scale destruction of the temples. The facts were all very well-known at the time of Independence, but the purpose seemed to not to offend the minorities in the name of secularism. The facts were completely whitewashed. Accounts of contemporary historians during the barbaric acts of destruction, loot, and killing were completely ignored; and the texts contained references from accounts of 20th century historians who came to dominate the Indian history narrative.

The Germans chose to clearly depict their Nazi past in the history books after the war. By not denying anything, Germans are perhaps at peace with their Nazi past.

The Muslims of today are in no way concerned with the horrors of the Islamic invasions in the past. A truthful depiction would have led to a greater harmony today in the country and a sense of ‘Indianness’ in everyone. When the truth is learnt later in bits and pieces, majority of Indians feel cheated at the narrative which was handed down to them during their formative years. The Hindus when they come to realize the past almost feel tricked at the gross falsification of history.

The past needs to be told as it is without ruffling the present feathers. It is a great talent and art which was hugely beyond the agenda filled with immature minds of the NCERT and its writers of textbooks.

The Britishers of course, went one step further. They completely obliterated their colonial history. The Americans did not stress too much on the atrocities perpetrated on the native American Indians. A positive spin of huge proportions is given and a youth who grows up in these countries feels that his or her country is the best in the world.

I am sure the European countries like France, Netherlands, Spain, would mention none of the invasions and cruelties inflicted on the world by way of their conquests in far-off lands. It is perhaps a different kind of white-washing but the citizens truly believe that they are the best in the world. It gives them confidence.

Contrast that to Indians who go abroad feeling that they belong to a poor race, a depraved country with nothing much to show by way of culture or history. The sense of shame hangs constantly. Only recently, Indians seem to be coming out of their shell.

The question never occurred to us during our growing years and neither was it asked why people needed to invade India. What was so special about the country which attracted the plunderers from across the world? It was never told that we were the richest and the most prosperous country in the world.

Angus Maddison came much later with clear numbers who showed that India and China were contributing more than 50% of the world GDP for 17 centuries from the start of the millennium. UK was contributing 2% of the world GDP when the East India Company landed in India and became 18% in a period of 150 years of sheer loot and plunder. India was reduced from 30% to 2%.

Maybe, the exact numbers were not known for a long time, but still the facts were very clear about the tremendous economic and scientific growth of India in the pre-invasion period of India.

Will Durant wrote a book in 1930 which is painful reading. He strips the colonial rule completely and starts in the introduction saying, ‘I came away resolved to study living India as well as the India with the brilliant past; to learn more of this unique Revolution that fought with suffering accepted but never returned; to read the Gandhi of today as well as the Buddha of long ago. And the more I read the more I was filled with astonishment and indignation at the apparently conscious and deliberate bleeding of India by England throughout a hundred and fifty years. I began to feel that I had come upon the greatest crime in all history….’ He continues in the next chapter, ‘I wish to speak, in this chapter, with unaccustomed partiality and passion. I am poorly qualified to write of India: I have merely crossed it twice between east and west, and once from north to south, and seen hardly a dozen of its cities. And though I have prepared myself with the careful study of a hundred volumes, this has all the more convinced me that my knowledge is trifling and fragmentary in the face of a civilization five thousand years old, endlessly rich in philosophy, literature, religion and art, and infinitely appealing in its ruined grandeur and its weaponless struggle for liberty. If I write at all it is not only because I feel deeply about India, but because life cannot wait till knowledge is complete’.

This book was very well known at the time of independence, but none of this was ever mentioned in any of our textbooks.

We just grew up being ashamed of our country, its religion, its culture, and its arts. Today, the youth is completely disconnected from the idea of India. We have sunk into a state where there is no patriotism or nationalism. In fact, the twisted ideology is out to convince that any idea of patriotism is fanatical.

Brahmin bashing was a favorite trick of the British rule to create fissures within the Indian society. The missionary institutions combined with imperialistic designs to blame everything bad in India to Hinduism and its caste system.

Despite all evidence to the contrary, caste being a social construct based on labour and occupation, it was given a dark colour. The NCERT authors simply continued the theme of the colonials. In text-books of successive classes, the slow indoctrination happened that the caste system was one of the most horrible things about Hinduism; and how Brahmins took the whole country down by their brutal system of exploitation. The result is beautiful – every caste, including Brahmins themselves, hate Brahmins.

The Hindus were secular in their basic philosophy with the most advanced philosophy of Sanatana Dharma accepting all routes of life as equal. We need not be told about secularism.

The Britishers focused on the social evils of those times – Sati, child marriages, dowry, and caste – to create a great discourse that Hinduism is a religion with all kinds of primitive practices. Hinduism could not be understood by them when the defining paradigm was the western concept of religion – one god, one book, and one way; and the few who did, realized that it was far beyond any other religion in terms of philosophy and a way of living. But, their voice was highly submerged.

The agenda filled authors in the post-Independent India suffered with the same biases and misunderstandings. Using boxes, highlights, and suggestive questions right from early classes, the NCERT authors just continued the narrative to place the seeds of discontent and shame at our culture, heritage, religious traditions, spirituality, and philosophy. The secular achievements in the fields of science, arts, metallurgy, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine were reduced to small footnotes.

The Indian student grew up believing that everything wonderful in the secular fields originated in the West. The dark ages and Renaissance were applicable to the West, in fact. However, the theme was wrongly transferred to the East.

Brainwashed Republic shows clearly and convincingly by a huge number of examples how this indoctrination and deracination was achieved.

Cultures and civilizations were obliterated when libraries containing the entire knowledge base were burnt down or destroyed. The printed book also worked to an advantage for the spread of certain religions as books were mass printed and paper became cheap.

It was fortunate that nothing of that sort happened in India. The Vedic culture was firmly preserved in the oral tradition and the knowledge base was transmitted across thousands of years in its pristine form from father to son and from the teacher to his pupils.

The preservation in the oral route is probably one of the most amazing features of Indian culture, philosophy, and religion. It allowed a huge resistance to invasions; and prevented a wholesale conversion to other religions despite gross violent acts. Sanatana Dharma accepts all routes with equal love, including atheism. This is the reason no religion was ever persecuted in the country. The philosophy of Sanatana Dharma is deeply embedded in the psyche, which is hard to let go.

Unfortunately, the British colonials created villains out of the Brahmins for their own rule. The NCERT authors happily continued the trend.

The Aryan invasion theory was the construct of a sick fantasy of a man called Max Mueller, who was on the payrolls of the East India Company; and was eagerly taken up by the British colonials to bring an artificial divide between the North and the South. The Aryan invasion theory is a figment of imagination which has been conclusively proved wrong by archaeological and historical records.

In fact, the Harappan and Mohenjo-Daro excavations flew in the face of the Aryan theory. The present genetic studies have been the proverbial last nail in the coffin. Yet, our textbooks kept harping about the theory for years together with no revisions of the readings at any time.

The repercussions of this pernicious theory – there is a near permanent fissure in relations between the North and the South Indians.

A very educated medical representative told me proudly once that he was a Dravidian and different from the rest of the country. The whole Aryan-Dravidian divide is a myth, but has become a reason for some of the most bitter politics of Tamil Nadu. An average Tamilian believes that most of them are Dravidians; and the Brahmins are the Aryan invaders from the North. The Aryans apparently had exploited them large scale. The reverse backlash has resulted in many Brahmins of Tamil Nadu leaving the state. There may be a great many denials, but these are the ground facts.

The sorry thing is even after 70 years of Independence, we are not wiser.

The exploiter-exploited narrative fitted very well with the Marxist leftist ideology and that continued in our textbooks. Today our country is divided and fissured. There is no feeling of nationalism and a sense of genuine pride. Each religion, language, caste, culture, and region feels alienated. The North-East feels alienated; the Tamil Brahmins feel alienated; the Dalits feel alienated; the Muslims feel alienated; the Biharis feel alienated; and so on.

The blame perhaps lies in the political masters who were an epitome of mismanagement and corruption post- Independence. A large part is also because of the agenda filled history writers who showed the country in a poor light. We grew up ashamed of our history and at worst, even hating ourselves.

There is an urgent need to tell the truth without trying to offend or please. However, the leftist Marxist ideologues have infiltrated every conceivable institution – the universities and the media mainly – and any attempt to correct the truth is met with a wholesale abuse and shouting, accusing of ‘saffronisation.’

There are plenty of neutral historians in our country like Michel Danino who should be placed with the task of re-writing our history. A history to unite and create a proud country; not to create hate, malice, and division. The internal wars are more dangerous for the country.

The damage has been done to shame us; we know dimly why it was done. The book explains clearly and with all references, how it was done. The undoing will require a lot of effort in the future. The country needs it to take its rightful place in the world arena.

 

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