PNB Fraud: One More Feather in the Congress’ Cap!


By: Parmanand Pandey

Indians will have to take another birth to understand what this Indian political party called ‘Indian National Congress’ – also nicknamed Congress – is!

This is the power that this Party had when it was ruling to “accomplish the misdeeds” and now has the cheeks to “blame BJP for its misdeeds”.

Look at these facts and think for a while:

Loan taken by Nirav Modi – 2008.

Scam happened in 2011.

Audit of Banks happen each year.

PNB is the oldest and the largest Bank after SBI.

RBI under Raghuram Rajan,
PM – Manmohan Singh,
FM – Chidambaram and Pranav Mukherjee.

2008 – No issue.
2009 – Still no issue.
2010 – No NPA Red Alert.
2011 – Scam but No Red Alert.
2012 – No News.
2013 – No News.
2014 – No News.

RBI Governor changed.
2016 – Demonetization
2017 – RBI compelled and Banks compelled to give clear picture.

All of these are now out! Who is the Culprit?

You decide:

Same Day after Scam broke out ED raided and siezed Rs.5100 crore jewels and assets.

This is how legalised loot happened, which was exposed post Demonetisation auditing.

So according to Rahul Gandhi, Nirav Modi met Modi in Davos in 2018 to loot 12000 cr from PNB in 2011..

Sounds familiar like “This morning I wake up at night”!!!

To disgruntled Hindus: Who want to Teach Modi a ‘Lesson’ in 2019 Elections!


By: Anonymous

I keep hearing this very often – not from those who have been his staunchest opponents, but from those who claim to be on the right side of the political spectrum – a statement, ‘We will teach Modi a lesson in 2019 elections’!

Tihis includes many whose ideology lies in the far-right. Their demands, though justified, are more often too practical to be implemented right now given the current situation. Shri Narendra Modi, did not “promise” any of the demands like construction of Ram Mandir, removing Art.370, implementing 2-child policy, freeing temples from government control, abolishing income tax, etc.

These were “expectations” which the far right had from Narendra Modi as they “assumed” him to be one of them. Fine. But did he promise any of these in the manifesto?

You just expected these things because you “assumed” he will do it. But he was always silent on it. Whatever he promised in the manifesto, he has achieved many of them. (You can still check the election manifesto of BJP in the run up to 2014 elections). PDF of the Manifesto : https://www.bjp.org/images/pdf_2014/full_manifesto_english_07.04.2014.pdf

It is not that he has cheated you. It is not that he lied to you. He never sold you the dreams of Ram Mandir. He never sold you the dreams of freeing temples from government control – neither in his speeches, nor in manifesto.

All along in the run-up to 2014 elections, he kept on addressing mostly 6 things –
1. Corruption (Making governance transparent)
2. Sabka Sath, Sabka Vikas
3. Financial inclusion of the lowest section
4. Economic development focused on rural areas/poor.
5. Boosting infrastructure – roads, railways, electricity, providing LPG.
6. Safety and security

Let us come to the question of “teaching” him a lesson because you created expectations in your mind and wanted them to be fulfilled in four years.

Now you “feel” cheated and hence want to teach Narendra Modi Ji a “lesson” in 2019.

So please listen:

He will be 68 year old in 2019. He has no son or daughter. He doesn’t have a family. He doesn’t have an heir. His brothers (except one) and cousins still live in very small houses and live on less than a few thousand rupees per month by selling kites, snacks or working as a staff at petrol pump. He has no one after him.

He has already achieved all that one can dream of – Chief Minister of Gujarat for 4 times, Prime Minister of India to win absolute majority on his own after 30 years, heralding a new era and the list is endless.

You like it or not, very few leaders in the world (yes, WORLD) are as popular as him. I am not saying this – most of the international leaders, policy experts, diplomats and media houses agree to it.

He will retire as the former Prime Minister of India. He will get all the facilities he gets today – a posh bungalow, a bulletproof SUV, an SPG cover, invitation from foreign countries, academic institutes, economic agencies and all you can think of.

After another 10-12 years, he will get old and retire from public life. Once you have taught him a “lesson”, no leader in the next 100 years will even dare to wage a war against corruption and systemically make the system transparent.

You will have “taught” Modi a “lesson”!

Today, all of the right repent (openly or secretly) that voting out Vajpayee Ji was the biggest mistake we did in 2004, yet want to teach Modi Ji a “lesson” in 2019.

Remember, teaching Narendra Modi ji a “lesson” will never ever matter to him. He has already achieved everything and has cemented his place firmly in the history.

He will leave nothing and no one behind himself, except his legacy….and the legacy will go on forever!

Remember one thing, you all Hindus who feel disgruntled of Modi: In your eagerness to ‘teach Modi a lesson’, you will not be teaching any lesson at all to him but you will be teaching a lesson to yourself only – ‘a lesson’ that will be lesson of your life, a lesson that will be bitter to you and a lesson that will not be limited to your life only but would also be a lesson to your future generations!!

If Modi cannot make Ram Mandir, we will vote for those who will destroy currently existing temples!!

If Modi cannot abolish Income Tax, we will vote for those who will loot & indulge in scams with our Income Tax!!

If Modi cannot free temples from government control, we will vote for those who will even ban the RSS and VHP by declaring them terrorist organisations!!

If Modi cannot restrict the population explosion in India, we will vote for those who will encourage more births in India by declaring producing children a legal right of those who do so!!

If Modi cannot eradicate rampant corruption in official machinery, you will vote for those who will be not only the masters of corruption but also would protect them who help them to indulge in corruption and would punish them who dare to raise any voice against such corruption!!

Which is the Oldest Language in the World?


Experiences with Maha Periyava

(Tiruvannamalai Gowrishankar)

When I went to the Kanchi Mutt to have the darshan of Sri Maha Periyava, there were four foreigners there, an Israeli, an Italian, a German and a British. They had come to do their PhD in Philology on the topic of ‘the most ancient languages in the Occidental and the Oriental world’.

They were studying Latin, Hebrew and Greek languages in the Occidental part and Sanskrit and Tamil in the Oriental part.

Maha Periyava was in his private quarters, performing His Nithya Karma Anushtanas and elaborate poojas; they had waited and desired to take a photo of Him but His kaingaryams refused permission. They were heartbroken that they could not take a picture.

All the four of them were standing near a tree since morning waiting for Periyava to finish his poojas and give darshan. They asked His sevakas when He would be done with the poojas but got an unconvincing reply.

I told the foreigners that we Indians are used to the way of life at the Mutt, but how had they all been standing for the past 6 hours? One of them looked at his watch and exclaimed, “Oh my God, has it been 6 hours? He is a Man of Certainty and is Beyond Time!”

Maha Periyava came in after 10 minutes and we all went and prostrated before Him. Looking at the man (who had the camera hanging around his neck) who had wanted to take the photos, He gestured with His hands that he could take the pictures now. He posed for three photos and stopped him before taking the fourth.

”Why have you all come here and what is the purpose of your visit? “, asked Periyava.

”We have visited many places regarding our research on the most ancient language”.

Periyava asked, “So, did you arrive at a conclusion as to which is the most ancient language?”

The Israeli replied, “Hebrew is the most ancient in the Occident; but in the Oriental, people say that both Sanskrit and Tamil are the oldest, but we are confused and that is why we are here for Your opinion”.

Periyava said, “There is another language which is more ancient than all these, it is the Vedic Language. It is the source of even Sanskrit and Hebrew.”

“There is a verse about rebirth in Hebrew, can you recite it completely?” asked Periyava to the Israeli by giving the man the first two words.

The Israeli recited it for 3 to 4 minutes. Periyava looked around and asked some boys, “You have all learnt Rig Veda, can you recite this particular verse? He suggested some mantras to the boys.”

Those boys recited the Veda Mantras for 5 minutes.

Periyava then addressed the Israeli ”Did you understand what these boys recited now?”

The four men remained quiet.

Maha Periyava smiled and turned to the boys and said “You all will definitely not understand what this man had recited in Hebrew!”

He then turned to the Israeli and said, “What you have chanted before is the same as what these boys have chanted!”

The 4 foreigners were stunned and did not know how to respond.

Maha Periyava told them that he could prove it and asked for a paper and a pen.

“In Vedas it is mentioned that the world has been classified into 32 portions / regions. And in each of the 32 geographic regions, Vedas say how the Veda Aksharas have changed / got pronounced in those places!”

He asked each of them which region they came from and then explained to them how a particular Veda Aksharam got changed in their individual places!

He asked the boys to recite a verse from Rig Veda again and told the men how each Aksharam in Rig Veda in that verse would sound in their Regions!

The Sarveshwaran then said, “I will now recite this verse with some difficulty as it has been a long time since I had Abhyasam and the Mahan started to chant the mantra slowly, slightly differing from the basic shloka aksharam so that it matched how it would sound in Hebrew.

After he recited the aksharams he asked the Israeli if he understood the recital of the mantra and aksharam and observed any familiarity.

To the boys who recited the Vedas, He said, “I will now recite it in a slightly different form based on how each Aksharam will sound in Hebrew. Please do not think it is wrong; there is this injunction in the Vedas that it can be recited this way also.”

To everybody’s astonishment and surprise, the Israeli started to recite in Hebrew what Maha Periyava exactly chanted – the aksharas in a modified form, as it resembled the Hebrew language. The Israeli therefore chanted it together with Him!!!

We were all stunned!!!

After this demonstration Maha Periyava addressed everyone assembled there, “I told you earlier, the same verse in Rig Veda is present ditto in Hebrew, but the Aksharas have changed slightly. (As we say Yamuna but in the North it is Jamuna, Va in the south is Ba in West Bengal, Paa in Tamil is Haa in Kannada etc). Therefore, the most ancient language in the world is the Vedic language!”

Maha Periyava then asked for paper and pen to be supplied to the four men in order to prepare a table and fill it with how the Rig Veda Aksharams sounded in their language. This was completed in 15 minutes.

The Israeli was shocked and exclaimed, “This is something unimaginable!”

Periyava asked him, “What do you think now, do you now agree that everything has sprung from Vedas?”

The look on the Israeli’s face was not convincing.

Periyava quipped, “What, Are you thinking why could Vedas not have originated from Hebrew?”

The man said, “Yes, it could have been the reverse also, the Vedas could have come from Hebrew”.

Periyava replied smilingly, “You only have the lock, whereas we have both the key and the lock! It is even mentioned in the Vedas as to which Maharishi from here in India went to your region and spread/taught Vedas in Israel!”

The man was fully convinced in the end that the Vedic language is indeed the oldest and the most time honoured.

‘Tamil versus Sanskrit’ – Hey Jingoists, All Indian Languages are MY Own!


By: Aditya Dhopatkar

Regarding the Tamil language statement of Mr. Modi, and the posts on Tamil, as a Savarkarian HindutvaVaadin, this is what I feel should be the national narrative:

  1. Whether the earliest language of India is Sanskrit or Tamil, both are MY Hindu languages. So the issue of which is older should be a matter of objective interest and not provincial ego. This can actually bind us together instead of feeding the Dravidianist-Dalitist Breaking India faultline.

  2. Tamil is definitely older than my own Marathi. And also older than the current standard Hindi or Gujarati or Assamese. But Kashmiri is also a very old language. The older the language, the more definitely it gets classical status (abhijaat bhasha अभिजात भाषा). Saying that supports the greatness of Tamil or Kashmiri but does not undermine the greatness of my own Marathi. Will the non-Marathi speakers not acknowledge the greatness of Marathi too?

  3. It is believed Tamil was created by Shiva and Agastya. Theistically speaking, all languages are formed through Shiva Mahadeva or Krishna or Sarasvati or Brahma. Also, Sanskrit is the language of the Devas and Devis, the Geervaanabhasha. Why cannot Northern Hindus be exposed to classical Sangam Tamil literature? Why cannot Tamil people study Sanskrit, the language of Perumal, Amman, Murugan and Sivan whom they (the Tamilians) worship?

  4. Let the Kashmiri and the Tamilian not quickly understand each other’s language; yet they both pray to Shiva. And this Shiva Bhakti defines our Hindu nationalism. Not some Ambedkar Smruti, sorry, constitution!

  5. Tamil culture is MY Hindu culture, Tamil glory is not just Tamilian glory but also MY heritage. So is Marathi culture, so is Hindi culture. So is Meitei culture and Chakma culture. We have a common heritage. But I won’t accept Urdu culture as Hindu culture, so what if Hindu singers sing Qawwalis and Sufi songs to get rich.

  6. Hindi and Tamil may be different language family groups but share a lot in common in structure. Hindi may shares family ties with English in the Indo-European family of languages that are not shared by Tamil, but Hindi and Tamil share family bonds in the Bharateeya Bhasha Parivaar as Subhah Kak has stated, and English does not belong to the Bharateeya Bhasha (whose definite commonalities go beyond just being geographically being one habitat). And I support Shri Kak’s assertion.

  7. There is a view that Sanskrit was actually created from a bedrock of many other existing languages, which is why Sanskrut has ‘Krut’. Am skeptical, but I commit to remain academically open to the thesis. Yet the Apa-Bhramsh Bhasha and Prakruts are still posterior to Sanskrit, cannot be anterior to it. By that standard, even Hindi was ‘created’ by the bhasha-mandal of the Northern Hindus from the substrate of languages that always existed. Implying, Hindi came much later while Awadhi, Vraj, Bhojpuri, Haryanvi, Maithili, Chhapraiyya, Madhubani, Maru-Gurjari, etc. are the ancient languages. Are the speakers of chaste Hindi ready to accept Awadhi as a pre-Hindi tongue, and accord Awadhi that status? What would the speakers of Khadi Boli (Merath / Meerut / old Hastinapur) say about whether they are the oldest extant dialect of standard Hindi? What would the Madhya Pradesh Hindi speakers say, as MP Hindi is supposed to be sweet, pure and least corrupted with Urdu (Gandhi’s silly syncretic Hindustani)? Also, for a Marathi person like me, understanding Hindi is far easier than understanding Maithili and Magahi. And understanding Kashmiri and understanding Maithili are equally difficult. I cannot follow Tamil. So, Hindi stays. I vote Hindi. But even if Tamil is made the national language, one must cheerfully learn it, if we could learn English, as Tamil is all said and done, MY language.

  8. Thulu or Tulu may be older to Tamil. But that will be opposed by Tamil jingoists. I see Tulu literarily being forgotten. Come on, so many Hindu Vidyaas may be locked in Tulu manuscripts awaiting rediscovery! And I see no initiative from Tulu speakers towards transliterating Tulu scripts, all plans stay trapped within Karnataka government red tape. But then, Tulu has no jingoists while Tamil as a language is full of them, with no fault of the Tamil language but of Tamil language speakers.

  9. If Hindus don’t watch out, Tamil heritage will be usurped by Christianity – what with fictions from the Church that Thirukkural is supposed to be inspired by Saint Thomas speaking to Thiruvallluvar on Marina beach. Ha Ha Ha! No Saint Thomas came to India. But would Tamil jingoists pay attention to a Hindu topic? Come on, a Tamil jingoist can remain a DMKist jingoist, not credit Tamil to originating from Sanskrit if he politically chooses to, but no Jew is responsible for the deep adhyaatma of the Thirukkural.

  10. Whether the national language is Sanskrit, Hindi or Tamil, my inconvenience is less important to nationalism. All Hindu languages are MY languages. But I cannot accept English being made the official national language, though one speaks it flluently.

  11. Pali, Ardhamagdhi also deserve attention. They too are classical languages. They were used by Boudhda and Jaina mata people, but there is nothing Vaidik or Jaina or Boudhda about Pali or Ardhamagdhi. Under the Hindu umbrella, Ardhamagdhi is mine, Pali is mine too. And so are Boudhda and Jaina matas. Let Ardhamagdhi and Pali too benefit from a revival. Let Ardhamagdhi and Pali be freed from the clutches of separatist Ambedkarites and Jain separatists and be studied by all. Also, Tibetan is spoken in Ladakh, Lahaul-Spiti (Himachal), Sikkim, Bhutan, Arunachal… and must be studied.

  12. The languages of the Andamanese tribals, the Nicobarese tribals, though not literary, are also my own. So also, the languages of the Mizos, Hazongs, Adi Mishmis, Digaru Mishmis, Angame Nagas, Kukis, Garos, Khasis, Jaintias, etc They are also the responsibility of the Indian Union, to be protected and nurtured, not the career of some Christtian missionary. I may not understand any word from them, but that their first book is the Bible and in some Roman-Latin alphabet is just not commendable to Hindu pride. Why not make Shiva Puraan, Ramayan, Krishan Bhajans, Jaina stories, Hitopadesha, Jataka Buddhist tales, Mahabharata and Thirukkural available in North Eastern languages with the Devanagari script? And also their local tribal folklore? So what if the bulk of their speakers are Christianised? They can learn the stories, it will help in deAbrahamisation and DharmaPunarPravesh.

  13. Chakmas, Meiteis, etc, actually have their ancient Burmese-like scripts. These languages are also literary. Let more literature be created there.

  14. The refusal to speak any language other than Hindi (and not learn Marathi) by Hindi speakers in Maharashtra or Gujarat, and the refusal to speak any language other than Tamil by Tamil Nadu residing Tamilians are both the same version of linguistic and regional chauvinism. The political opposition to learning Marathi by leaders of migrant Hindi speakers in Maharashtra is utterly anti-national politics. So is the bashing up of Hindi speakers in Maharashtra by MNS, which is still a reaction to the politics of Hindi speakers community leaders fanning hatred in Maharashtra. With the common Devnagari and the common origin in Sanskrit, there is just no excuse for the political opposition of Hindi speaker community leaders in Maharashtra, to not asking their migrant community members to take up learning Marathi. The ugliest turn to attacking migrants is killing of Hindi speakers in Assam by ULFA and the anti-Northeastern chauvimism in the rest of India. The blame is shared by us all.

  15. Nepali, Hindi are connected by ancient ties. So are Kumaoni and Nepali, Gadhwali and Nepali, Maithili and Nepali. Similarly, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Assamese, Bengali are also united by the same script. Bengali is quite a deep language. Then, Sanskrit, Hindi, Hindu Sindhi, Marathi, Konkani, Nepali, Pali, Ardhamagdhi are all also united by the Devnagari script. Sinhala, Marathi, standard Dhivehi (Maldives), Bahl dialect of Dhivehi (Minicoy – Southern Lakshadwip), Konkani are all Maharashtri Prakruts. Our unity factors run deep, we just have to recognise them. Lakshadwip got converted to Islam from a Buddhist identity, but the languages of Minicoy (a Southern island of Lakshdwip archipelago) and Maldives are a Maharashtri prakrut. Sinhala is also a Maharashtri Prakrut. Will the neo-Buddhist Ambedkarites – who speak Marathi – and who support the Buddhists of Sri Lanka, do research into the pre-Islamic status of Dhivehi on the basis of language and Buddhism? Can not the Secular Indian Union sponsor this research?

  16. We ought to weed out Urdu, Arabic, Persian, Turkish, European words from our Hindu languages. They are infiltrators into our collective national mindscape (मनोविश्व / भावविश्व) and will destroy our unity. They indicate colonisation and conquest over us, even mental colonisation. Has not Rajiv Malhotra spoken of non-intertranslatability? We should use Sanskrit words for native languages. Yet, Urdu and English may deserve objective respect. Let English be enjoyed in its Hinduised versions (like in Amar Chitra Katha or before the narration prior to a classical dance recital on Doordarshan or on the boards of Southern Indian temples).

  17. The extremism of a linguistic pride can support LTTE (Tamil) or ULFA (Assamese). Beware. No support and zero tolerance to separatism and jingoim, leave alone extremism. No division amongst regional states.

  18. According status of being a separate language can make a dialect speaking community demand a new smaller state. Odisha may either grow into greater Odisha (including Bastar, Purulia, Seraikela, Berhampur, etc.) or contract in size with secessionism from Kosali. We need to be watchful. Whenever provincial pride prevails over regional pride, there are careers for Leftists, Maoists and all types of anti-nationals. Wasn’t linguistic pride the domains of rightists? We need to rethink labelling, but we need to preserve unity even at regional levels. Seraiki language is the Southern Punjabi languge of Seraikistan, which has Baloch, Rajputana, Kutchchhi, Punjabi, Sindhi and Gujarati influences. Seraikistanism is a separatist movement within Pakistan, centred on Multan and Bahawalpur. Well, Seraiki has its own script used by traders. So this too is a case of separatism, but within Pakistan. India should pay attention. Yes, trader scripts exist too. For accounts. Used by mercantile groups. Can Sylheti pride be tapped to create instability in Bangladesh by Indian strategistst? The original extent of Bangla Bhoomi is from KarnaSuvarna (Islamic name Murshidabad) to Tripura.

  19. India’s diversity in all aspects, including languages is a treasure to be protected and practised. As long as a golden thread of Dharma and Rashtra do not unite Indic language speakers, the unity will keep getting undermined by Marxists. Let us snatch back the initiative and narrative from them.

  20. It remains the duty of Hindus to reHinduise scripts of languages like Sindhi or Pashtu or the Baloch languages. Their current status is of an Islamised script and vocabulary interpolating into an Indo-European language. We need to disconnect language from Chrislam. Will Tamil jingoists invest time to study Brahui, a Dravidian language of the Baloch? That too with deIslamisation and DharmaPunarPravesh in mind, as the अंतस्थ हेतु? We have the same undecided status of Konkani vis-à-vis Marathi. Flames fanned by the Roman Catholic Church which moots the Roman Script for Konkani. We also need to revive the Sharada script of Kashmiri. It is part of the struggle against Islamic fundamentalism and this point needs to be discussed a lot. There is a simillarity of scripts between pre-Arabic Sindhi, Kashmiri (Sharada), Punjabi (Gurumukhi), Tibetan and Seraiki.

  21. It is also a lesser known fact that Manipur has two official languages – Meitei and Bishnupriya – spoken by the eponymous communities and with both being recognised by the Indian Union. Bishnupriya is an Indo-European language and the easternmost language of the Indo-European family; Meitei is another language family. Its script is similar to that of Assamese and Bangla.
    In case of Bangla, Odia, Assamese and Bishnupriya, their phonetic pronunciations and vocabulary are similar. Let this be known by the jingoists of the speakers of Tamil and Hindi. Assamese speakers had to struggle to clarify, Assamese was a separate standalone language with its own grammar, script peculiarities and pronunciations, its own literary evolution and that Assamese was not a dialect of Bangla, and was not spoilt Bangla. But wait. While you sympathise with Assamese, Bishnupriya had to struggle to prove that it wasn’t Assamese either (to counter the objection of Assamese speakers who were intent on making Bishnupriya just a dialect of Assamese), while Bishnupriyas were struggling equally to not let Bishnupriya being called a dialect of Bangla, or a part of Bangla either. But Bishnupriya and Meitei together are part of the same. Besides, in the framework of a Bharateeya Bhasha Parivaar, both languages Bishnupriya and Meiteei have Vaishnav vocabulary, with loan word osmosis. Meitei suffered a Bangla-isation of its script, let the Burmese script of Meitei Manipuri be revived. Also, there is a provincial similarity between KokBarak (Kokborok), the language of the Tripura tribal communities (named after the Barak river) and Bangla, within the state of Tripura. Bangla is Indo-European, quite ancient, and deeply literary. But Kokborok uses the Bangle script. R D Burman, S D Burman etc spoke Kokborok as their mother tongue. Can the same model of amity be applied to Meitei-Bishnupriya and Kokborok-Bangla?

‘How Dare You’, Indian Yells at ‘White Racist’ Seeking Segregation!


By: Sooraj Kumar

1. This is an incident about White privilege and segregation in India’s most high-tech city. Bangalore Police have responded. Looks like a case of a White Christian evangelist group trying to act top dog among Indians. Read the incident.

2. At Indian Social Institute, Benson Town, Bangalore, a group of white Americans was asking Indians to leave lunch room & sit separately in adjacent room. A friend, who was staying there, yelled at them: “How dare u do this in India?” Stunned Americans apologised.

3. This happened at 1pm, February 13. Indian Social Institute is a Christian run organisation so the Americans may have been part of a church group. They were occupying the main dining room where catering was going on. Indians were asked to take their food and leave.

4. There was a couple sitting in the adjacent room. When my friend asked why they were sitting separately, they said: “We are black, they are white.” They later said they were Goan Christians.

5. My friend barged into the dining room, asked the Americans what the hell was going on. “This is India, don’t try your racist segregation in my country,” said. “Who are you to order us out of this room.”

Group went quiet. Courage disappeared when confronted by a proud Indian.

6. My friend then said, “I’m not going to sit with you people anyway. It is below my dignity to sit in the same room as you.”
Later the US group leader approached my friend and asked him to come in and sit in the main dining area.
My friend asked him to get lost.

7. My friend spoke to the director Selvaraj Arulnathan, Society of Jesuits: “How can you allow segregation at Indian Social Institute?”
Clearly a case where an Indian Christian organisation perceives whites as their masters.

8. Civil rights act 1964 outlawed segregation in US. Had these Evangelical Indophobic white chauvinists tried to racially segregate blacks in US right now, they would’ve had their arses sodomized esp. by BLM members and Antifa.

9. Let me quote from one of Adolf Hitler’s transcribed conversations, “The basic reason for English pride is India. Four hundred years ago English didn’t have this pride. The vast spaces over which they spread their rule obliged them to government millions of people and they kept these multitudes in order by granting a few men unlimited power.” It is we who gave colonials a sense of superiority and we continue to do so.

10. Our colonial education system imposed by Macaulay ensures that Hindustanis indoctrinated with Anglican education grow up to be under the servitude of West. This phenomenon is more so prevalent among Christians of Bharat. I shall also evoke the words of Polydoros of Sparta, “If you worship your enemy, you are defeated. If you adopt your enemy’s religion, you are enslaved.”

11. The ancestors of Goans Christians were either raped or converted by sword. They cannot rid themselves off this pernicious mind-warping effect without denouncing Christianity with the contempt it deserves since it is a byproduct of the religion itself. Christianity is scourge on the face of the earth imposed by colonials need to be thwarted out along with their narratives that pervades our academia. The newly revamped educational system should drive students with cultural zeal and nationalistic feelings.

तेजी से बदलती दुनिया के साथ बदलो, नही तो खतम हो जाओगे!


राकेश चोहान, एडवोकेट

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1998 में Kodak में 1,70,000 कर्मचारी काम करते थे और वो दुनिया का 85% फ़ोटो पेपर बेचते थे.. चंद सालों में ही Digital photography ने उनको बाज़ार से बाहर कर दिया.. Kodak दिवालिया हो गयी और उनके सब कर्मचारी सड़क पे आ गए।

Uber सिर्फ एक software है। उनकी अपनी खुद की एक भी Car नहीं | इसके बावजूद वो दुनिया की सबसे बड़ी Taxi Company है।

Airbnb दुनिया की सबसे बड़ी Hotel Company है, जब कि उनके पास अपना खुद का एक भी होटल नहीं है।

US में अब युवा वकीलों के लिए कोई काम नहीं बचा है, क्योंकि IBM Watson नामक Software पल भर में ज़्यादा बेहतर Legal Advice दे देता है। अगले 10 साल में US के 90% वकील बेरोजगार हो जायेंगे… जो 10% बचेंगे… वो Super Specialists होंगे।

Watson नामक Software मनुष्य की तुलना में Cancer का Diagnosis 4 गुना ज़्यादा Accuracy से करता है। 2030 तक Computer मनुष्य से ज़्यादा Intelligent हो जाएगा।

2018 तक Driverless Cars सड़कों पे उतरने लगेंगी। 2020 तक ये एक अकेला आविष्कार पूरी दुनिया को बदलने की शुरुआत कर देगा।

अगले 10 सालों में दुनिया भर की सड़कों से 90% cars गायब हो जायेंगी… जो बचेंगी वो या तो Electric Cars होंगी या फिर Hybrid… सडकें खाली होंगी, Petrol की खपत 90% घट जायेगी, सारे अरब देश दिवालिया हो जायेंगे।

आप Uber जैसे एक Software से Car मंगाएंगे और कुछ ही क्षणों में एक Driverless कार आपके दरवाज़े पे खड़ी होगी… उसे यदि आप किसी के साथ शेयर कर लेंगे तो वो ride आपकी Bike से भी सस्ती पड़ेगी।

Cars के Driverless होने के कारण 99% Accidents होने बंद हो जायेंगे.. इस से Car Insurance नामक धन्धा बंद हो जाएगा। ड्राईवर जैसा कोई रोज़गार धरती पे नहीं बचेगा। जब शहरों और सड़कों से 90% Cars गायब हो जायेंगी, तो Traffic और Parking जैसी समस्याएं स्वतः समाप्त हो जायेंगी… क्योंकि एक कार आज की 20 Cars के बराबर होगी।

समय के साथ बदलने की तैयारी करो। जो चीजें गायब हो गई:-

HMT (घडी)
BAJAJ (स्कूटर)
DYNORA (टीवी)
MURPHY (रेडियो)
NOKIA (मोबाइल)
RAJDOOT (बाईक)
AMBASDOR ( कार)

इन सभी की गुणवत्ता में कोई कमी नहीं थी फिर भी बाजार से बाहर हो गए.!!
कारण…समय के साथ बदलाव नहीं किया.! इसलिए व्यक्ति को समयानुसार अपने व्यापार एवं अपने स्वभाव में भी बदलाव करते रहना चाहिए !!

Jallikattu: Komban the Bull, Tells You Something While Dying!


By: R. Veera Raghavan (Advocate, Chennai)

A five-year old ‘jallikattu’ bull, called Komban, was in the news a week ago.

Jallikattu is termed a sporting event in which numerous young men surround and go after a fleeing bull, for one of them to grab and hold on to its hump with both his arms till the animal crosses the finishing line, a distance of about 50 feet. At the event, unwilling bulls are pushed into the open ground through a barricaded narrow passage – one at a time, so each bull may either run away from the arms and clutches of tamers to reach the finishing line and be counted a winner, or be subdued by one winning tamer before that line.

When Komban the Bull was let into the jallikattu arena at Thennalur, Pudukottai district, tamers had assembled outside the bull’s gate through which the animal must emerge. They were eyeing the bull and readying to grab its hump soonest as the creature came out. Tamers had nearly blocked all space for a comfortable passage-out for the bull at the gate line. It had to fiercely butt through the tamers swarming at the gate. It frantically lunged forward at the gate line, but rammed a cut trunk of a coconut tree planted like a post outside the gate. Komban instantly dropped to the ground and died on the spot in a few minutes.

Let’s not imagine Komban could not sight a high post in front of it, the one which has the girth of an elephant’s leg. The animal was somewhat blinded and disoriented in fright and so it violently hit a huge obstacle. It was like a tormented human running like hell, dashing on a wall and ending his life. Since poor Komban had no voting right and no group-leaders to speak out for it, the horrible death of Komban did not trigger any politically sponsored protest or mourning in Tamil Nadu. The beleaguered bull was owned by a politician, Tamil Nadu’s health minister C. Vijaya Baskar.

If you have a heart, you would know that jallikattu is not a sport, as sport is understood. It is sheer trauma for the poor bull forced into the event in which it desperately looks to disappear from the scene. That is not a sport for the harassed bulls. Not really one for the tamers also – 66 of them were injured, and 33 rushed to hospitals from the jallikattu venue that saw Komban last.

A citizen cornered by corrupt government officials for bribes will be keen to run away from his plight if he can, and can’t imagine he plays a sport with those blackguards. But the fleecing officials may relish such engagement with the citizen as a sport. Now fix who’s who in a jallikattu.

The ultimate power of a bull against a human was seen, like before, during the four weeks prior to Komban’s final outing. A bull that had crossed the finishing line at a jallikattu held at Palamedu, Madurai district, was still not out of tension and discomfort.  In that state it gored a spectator, a 19-year old boy, waiting at the collection point for bulls that had finished their run, and the poor boy did not survive. At two jallikattu events held in Tiruchi district, the bulls in the arena landed fatal kicks on the chest of two tamers, one of them a teen, who were challenging the animals. These are also tragic ends, resulting from our vanity, ignorance and unconcern for the gentle and majestic bull.

Komban is the latest to tell us that our society remains insensitive, not just to the dangers ignorant bull tamers take on themselves but also to the trauma and risks inflicted on innocent bulls.

We know that a man is no match for a muscled bull in physical prowess. Though stronger, the animal does not harm strangers who do not tease or disturb it. Though weaker, the bull-tamer is foolish in going at it. He is lucky the bull seldom takes on its pursuing men, unlike a lion or tiger. Those wild animals will also avoid contact with humans and slink away, but if a man closely obstructs or chases them they will maul him. This is where the gentle bull differs. With a robust neck and a sturdy pair of horns it can severely bruise and displace the flesh and bones of the onrushing tamer, but still it wants to slip out of his reach and be left alone rather than hurt him. It gores and maims or kills a man when many men totally hinder its escape and heighten its agony.

When Komban lost its life in a jallikattu, its owner Vijaya Baskar said he had cared for the bull “as if it were a member of our family”. That was not much of a humanitarian sentiment as it seemed. He probably felt like a corporate which advertised itself on an expensive race car that blew up on a racing track. But Komban would have viewed Vijaya Baskar as a member of its family, hoping he would not send it towards danger and death. Who was kind and gentle to the other?

(This article was originally published HERE)

Copyright © R. Veera Raghavan 2018

How the Fraud of Punjab National Bank and Nirav Modi Took Place?


First, facts about PNB Bank – Nirav Modi scam:

Loan taken 2008 – Scam Happened 2011 – Auditing Of Banks happen each year – PNB Oldest And Largest Bank after SBI – RBI under Raghuram Rajan, PM – Manmohan Singh , FM – Chidambaram and Pranav Mukherjee.

2008 – No Issue
2009 – Still No Issue
2010 – No NPA Red Alert
2011 – Scam No Red Alert
2012 – No News
2013 – No News
2014 – No News – RBI Governor changed
2016 – Demonetisation
2017 – RBI compelled and Banks compelled to give clear picture

Who is Culprit ?

Same Day after Scam Broke Out ED raided and sieged Rs. 5100 cr assets.

By: Deepak Shenoy

There is a huge “fraud” at Punjab National Bank, which involves a lot of lies by a lot of people. Here is where we come in to explain what we think had happened. But first, a few important things for you to know. There is no reason for you to pull your deposits or money out of Punjab National Bank. The bank may have to take a loss because of this fraud, but the government has a stated policy that no public sector bank will fail, so your deposits remain protected.

The fraud is not 11,000 crore (Cr). In this case the hit on Punjab National Bank (PNB) will probably be lesser in size. But it seems that this is a “standard practice” among all the public sector banks, which means it looks probably much more in size if you outrage against the practice! Also remember that if everyone is doing it, it’s easy to pretend it’s not a fraud.

The main culprits here are the top management of the bank and the auditors. How they could NOT have caught this is simply beyond rational imagination – and therefore points to people knowing it but letting it continue.

The Scam and How It Stands:

Punjab National Bank announced a big fraud of Rs. 11,000 cr.+ in a surprise letter to the stock exchanges.
And then, it apparently shot off a message to a bunch of banks, blaming a now retired employee for raising fraudulent Letters of Undertaking for over six years. And blaming the people who received the funds, companies owned by a jeweller named Nirav Modi, and in another case, those owned by Mehul Choksi, such as the publicly listed Gitanjali Gems. Nirav Modi is Choksi’s nephew. (As trivia: Nirav Modi’s brother, Nishal, is married to Ishita Salgaokar, who’s Dhirubhai Ambani’s grand-daughter through his daughter, Dipti). So what actually happened? Let’s start from the concept.

First, The Concept:

Let’s understand how things work. Some importer, let’s call him Nirav Modi or NM, wants to import pearls or diamonds and then sell them. The purchase requires money, so NM approaches a bank, say Punjab National Bank (PNB). PNB says look, I’ll give you a loan but it will be like at 10%. NM thinks hard and says, no, that’s too much. Wait, why don’t I take a foreign currency loan instead, after all I’m buying in dollars? Much lower interest rates, no? I can get at LIBOR+2% and LIBOR is like 1.5%; so I’ll have the money at 3.5%!

But who will give NM a foreign currency loan? A bank abroad? They don’t know NM. They don’t have any history of NM, so why will they give him money? SO NM goes to PNB and says, boss, you’re my banker, so please help some foreign bank give me some money to buy diamonds. Say that you will guarantee my loan by giving me a “Letter of Undertaking” (LOU). PNB now should be saying look, if you want me to give Rs. 100 cr. guarantee, you give me stuff worth 110 cr. at least. As collateral.

But PNB, for some strange reason, doesn’t ask for collateral. More on that later.

So now the foreign bank is ready to lend NM the money, because PNB will guarantee it. And the foreign bank trusts PNB. Why does it trust PNB? Because PNB sends a message on SWIFT – the banking message service – that PNB guarantees Rs. 100 cr. of money for 180 days for Mr. NM at an interest rate of, say, LIBOR + 2%. It’s like a message – written in stone, effectively – that says PNB will pay if NM doesn’t pay.

In fact the foreign bank trusts only PNB. So it gives the money to PNBs account with it, called by PNB as a “Nostro” – the account that PNB maintains with banks abroad, where the other bank will send money meant for PNB customers. PNB’s nostro account gets the money.

PNB then gives NM the money from the Nostro account, usually paid off to whoever NM is buying his diamonds from. This payment is to someone outside India usually, to fund a purchase of diamonds or whatever.

Note this carefully! The other bank gives money to PNB’s Nostro account, not to NM. They don’t care about NM. They only know that PNB has given a guarantee on the SWIFT channel.

Also note that the ‘other bank’ is nowadays mostly the foreign branches of Indian banks. Because the ‘phoren’ banks have realized something sinister – that PNB’s guarantee is a strange beast that isn’t backed with much, but we’ll come to that!

The foreign bank couldn’t care less about whether NM was buying diamonds or bitcoin – to them, PNB would pay back even if NM’s bitcoin wallet got stolen.

Why does PNB give a guarantee? Fees. Each year, a bank may charge upto 2% to give the LoU.

So what happens when it’s time to pay back? NM has to get the pearls in India, sell them, receive the money and pay PNB. On the due date written on the LoU. Then PNB will pay back the foreign bank saying okay, we got the customer’s money so we’re giving it back to you. With interest etc. That’s what is supposed to happen. But in reality, things went a little berserk, it seems.

The Reality: A Bit of a Ponzi:

NM might not pay back at all. NM might use the money to speculate in the markets. Or do something else. What if NM in the above example simply didn’t have the money to pay back? Instead, he asks a PNB official to open ANOTHER LoU. For the amount owed plus interest. So if we had the first LoU at $10 million the second one is $11 million to cover the interest on the first. The money from the second LoU is used to repay the first. It’s just rolling over of credit. Over and over. Standard definition of a ponzi scheme.

This can easily balloon into a larger amount, so large that it’s too much. In effect many such arrangements have turned into semi-ponzi schemes, with one LoU being opened to repay another and so on.

Which is what is likely to have happened. We don’t know the details, but it looks like this.

Nirav Modi took loans from foreign branches of Indian banks through an LoU issued by PNB. This was done through a SWIFT based LoU issued through a rogue employee (or many of them) at PNB. The orders never showed up in the core banking system for monitoring. LoUs were rolled over all the way since 2011, and possibly increased over time too.

The rogue official retired in 2017, and the replacement refused to roll over the LoU, which came due in Jan 2018 because he couldn’t find the past transactions in the system. No rollover means a default, since there was no money to pay. So PNB quickly files an FIR saying, ‘Oh goodness we have lost 280 cr. on the Jan LoUs’. Then someone said, “Abeyaar, is there more of these not-in-system LoUs? Someone check no?” Then someone checked.

‘Oh gawd. 11,400 crores’. That’s a lot of crores. Everyone in the bank panicked. Why couldn’t Nirav Modi just pay it back? He must have the original money, no? No, because if it was ever intended to be paid back, the rollovers wouldn’t have been required. At some point, things got so out of hand that rollovers were required in order to stay current.

Typically this would not be a problem. If PNB had done things right, they would have had collateral worth the amount of guarantee, and they would have sold that collateral and paid the foreign bank. But, and here’s the real issue: PNB didn’t have any collateral.

Why did PNB give a guarantee without collateral? If you and I go for a loan to a bank, they’ll ask us for income proof, and collateral. Only small tiny personal loans and credit card loans come backed without collateral. For something of the order of 11,000 cr. you would think they would ask for collateral.

Especially it should have been so after the scene with Mallya where loans to Kingfisher were given on nearly no collateral (though even there they had a house and some promoter shares pledged). Why did PNB give this guarantee then? It’s typical – banks give guarantees for more the amount you give as collateral. Because business relationships etc. And then, because nearly every bank is doing it.

The loan was not a “fund based limit”. In a fund based limit like a term loan, the bank pays out money. In non-fund-based limits, the bank will only pay if someone else defaults or an event happens – like a Bank Guarantee or an LC or an LoU.

Meaning, PNB assumed that the foreign bank was giving a loan directly to Nirav Modi and that PNB needed to pay only in case Nirav Modi defaulted. So in the eyes of PNB it was always an “non-fund-based” loan. But this is how a significant part of import financing works. They all rollover credit, and they all use LoUs for much higher than they can offer as collateral.

From my sources, the scale is huge. For every Rs. 100 that a bank has collateral, they will easily provide LOUs for upto 6x the amount. This is a real problem – that most public sector banks do not keep much collateral against non-fund-based limits given to importing customers.

So even if a bank has collateral, it’s nowhere near enough. And then, such unfunded liabilities are not even reported to RBI!

Basel Reporting: No Disclosure:

PNB has “unfunded” exposure of 11,000 cr. they say. But they don’t even reveal it in their latest Basel III disclosure! The funded exposure to “Gems and Jewellery” is shown at 1860 cr. Unfunded to the same sector: 842 cr. This doesn’t even add up. So, in effect, PNB didn’t reveal that it was funding massive quantities of “unfunded, contingent exposure”. They will of course pretend that they didn’t know, because the transactions weren’t in the core banking system.

Did employees hide it? Was PNB responsible or was it a fraud? Can employees be responsible? Could they have hidden the credit and the rolling over of LoUs? But honestly, how does a 11,000 cr. credit pass muster without top management realizing it?

Think of it – your nostro account with these other banks keeps getting big credits that add up to 11,000 cr. Will you not reconcile it in the accounting? The “why is this money even here?” question should have been asked by someone who audits accounts, one thinks?

And the SWIFT messages. It’s a specific kind of message. Why wouldn’t PNB audit the SWIFT trail? Reconcile it with the core banking system? How many more such skeletons will tumble if they do?

Their excuses are:

Data wasn’t entered into the core banking system. (Of course, otherwise you would have had to report it)
LOUs weren’t authorized. (Hard to believe, because the amounts are very large. Surely someone on the top would know?) The SWIFT system was illegally used. (Again, hard to believe that a bank like PNB would not audit its SWIFT messages regularly. Or its auditors. Or RBI). On the face of it, it looks like the ex-employee is being used as a scapegoat. It’s likely that a lot of people were in on this thing. And that it generated massive, fat fees for PNB all these years.

Consider fees wise! Imagine 11,000 cr. worth LoUs being renewed each year – that’s upto Rs. 200 cr. in fees that was all hitting PNB’s top line. You could bribe an employee to maybe give you a small increase – say 10-20 cr. but when you hit numbers like 11,000 cr. this is surely something the top management would know.

Scale of this scam and warning:

While PNB reported it as a 11,000 cr. scam, they filed an FIR with the CBI for only Rs. 280 cr. This has probably expanded since then but even if the total outstanding is as much as that, there’s a good chance that the actual loss amount will be lesser. All of it will be borne by PNB right now. Whether someone abused their SWIFT usage is not relevant, if PNB’s SWIFT message said they will pay, they have to pay if there is a default.

But think about the fallout. The problem was that some liabilities were not in the system. There could be more such LoUs. From the same branch or others. Other banks could have such LoUs too. It’s trivial to start looking – and we know that Nirav Modi will not be an isolated case.

Also, the issue was that the limits had no collateral behind them. If all banks are told to verify their non-fund-based limits and demand collateral against them (say at least 25%) then the scale would be absolutely massive. It’s not like this is happening only with Nirav Modi or Choksi. A very large number of importers of commodities have been doing this, and rotating credit. A change in the ‘Regulations’ here can change the game dramatically for every other bank (and import account) in the system.

The simple point is: this particular transaction will result in a lower loss than 11,000 cr. for PNB. Because of recoveries and such things. But if RBI asks all banks to pull up collateral on such lendings and stop such practices, the scale may be many times larger.

What about the PNB stock?

It’s fallen 17%. But note that it already has 60,000 cr. of gross NPAs. Another 11,000 cr. will hurt it but not kill it. It won’t die – the government will take it over. Shareholders might suffer, but come on as a shareholder of a public sector bank you’re used to suffering.

The problem really is: There is never just one cockroach. When you go deeper, you are likely to find more dirty, dark secrets, and none of them will be any good. PNB is gonna hurt for a while, but so are others who will find their books similarly tarnished once they investigate.

Will This Bring The Market Down?

Have you been living under a rock? Nothing will ever bring the market down, nowadays. But the one thing that does bring markets down is the outflow of liquidity. What if so much of the “ponzi” credit – essentially money that was rolled over very month – is being invested directly, or indirectly, into stocks? If RBI tightens up, liquidity will pull money out of stocks, and that will hurt.

Of course, this hurts the fiscal deficit since PNB has to be rescued. So bond yields are up to 7.6% and therefore we’d avoid any long term funds or bonds. Short term it will have to be. But overall, we wouldn’t worry too much. Just react, don’t predict. What would you do if stocks fell? Better to answer that than to say they will, or they will not. (And no, not buying PNB)!

Our View – Fix it:

This is the Indian public sector banking system. Fix it. How can you have transactions on SWIFT outside CBS? Fix it. Why would you not reconcile the nostro accounts? Suspend the auditors. Fire top management. Fix it. Closing the door behind Nirav Modi, who’s already left the country, is probably useless. If you find fraud, invoke their personal guarantees, and file cases to attach their personal properties. After that, file in NCLT to make these companies insolvent. Take the hit, and try to recover.

Find out more such instances where collateral cover is too low. Find out if the LoUs or LCs are just getting rolled over or is the customer actually paying back through the Indian current account. And if not, demand more collateral to avoid further spread of the ponzi.

But this is quite unlikely to happen because the banking system is going to take massive hits now, and we’re going to have to deal with the fallout of really horrible systems. It’s amazing that our banks have been this lax, but they have been allowed to; with no bankers being investigated, the rot inside the banks has been ignored and instead, industrialists have been the target of outrage. It’s time to look at banks as malicious players too, and to fix that rot.

मोदी से नाराज लोग कौन हैं?


भारत के प्रधानमत्री मोदी से कौन लोग नाराज हैं इससे मालूम हो जायेगा:

  1. आधार लिंक कराने से महाराष्ट्र में 10 लाख गरीब गायब हो गए!
  2. उत्तरखण्ड में भी कई लाख फ़र्ज़ी बीपीएल कार्ड धारी गरीब ख़त्म हो गए !

  3. तीन करोड़ (30000000 ) से जायदा फ़र्ज़ी एलपीजी कनेक्शन धारक ख़त्म हो गए !

  4. मदरसों से वज़ीफ़ा पाने वाले 1,95,000 फर्ज़ी बच्चे गायब हो गए!

  5. डेढ़ करोड़ (15000000 ) से ऊपर फ़र्ज़ी राशन कार्ड धारी गायब हो गए! ये सब क्यों और कहाँ गायब होते जा रहे हैं! चोरो का सारा काला चिटठा खुलने वाला है इसीलिए उनके परोकारो ने मिलकर माननीय सर्वोच्च न्यायलय में याचिका दायर कर दी कि आधार लिंक हमारे मौलिक अधिकारों का हनन है !
    सवाल है कि चोरों को प्राइवेसी का कैसा अधिकार?

  6. कंपनी के MD :मोदी ने फर्जी 3 लाख से ज्यादा कम्पनियां बन्द कर दी है!

  7. राशऩ डीलर नाराज़ हो गये!
  8. Property Dealer नाराज़ हो गये!
  9. ऑनलाइन सिस्टम बनने से दलाल नाराज़ हो गये है!
  10. 40,000 फर्जी NGO बन्द हो गये है, इसलिए इन NGO के मालिक भी नाराज़ हो गये !
  11. No 2 की Income से Property खरीद ने वाले नाराज़ हो गये!
  12. E-Tender होने से कुछ ठेकेदार भी नाराज़ हो गये!

  13. गैस कंपनी वाले नाराज़ हो गये!

  14. अब तक जो 12 करोड लोग Income टैक्स के दायरे मै आ चुके हैं वह लोग नाराज़ हो गये!
  15. GST सिस्टम लागू होने से ब्यापारी लोग नाराज़ हो गये, क्योकि वो लोग Automatic सिस्टम मै आ गये है!
  16. वो 2 नम्बर के काम बाले लोग फलना फूलना बन्द हो गये है!
  17. Black को White करने का सिस्टम एक दम से लुप्त सा हो गया है।
  18. आलसी सरकारी अधिकारी नाराज हो गये, क्योकि समय पर जाकर काम करना पड रहा हैं!

  19. वो लोग नाराज हो गये, जो समय पर काम नही करते थे और रिश्वत देकर काम करने मे विश्वास करते है।

दुख होना लाज़मी है, देश बदलाव की कहानी लिखी जा रही है, जिसे समझ आ रही है बदल रहा है, जिसे नही आ रही है वो मंदबुध्दि युवराज के मानसिक गुलाम ‘अंधभक्त’ कह कह कर छाती कूट रहे है! जो भी मोदीजी को गाली देता दिखे तो समझ लेना की चोट काफी लगी है!!

आज से 2200 साल पहले चाणक्य ने बिलकुल सही कहा था, “जब गद्दारों की टोली में हाहाकार हो तो समझ लो देश का राजा चरित्रवान और प्रतिभा संपन्न है और राष्ट्र प्रगति पथ पर अग्रसर है”.

Dealing with Terrorists: Chinese and Indian Way: and Law Courts!


In Jammu and Kashmir Indian State has deployed its para-military forces to maintain law and order there and handle the situation created by the so-called ‘separatists’. These separatists want to separate the state of Jammu and Kashmir from the Union of India.

Why do they want to separate from India? They argue, they have their own separate religion, they have majority who follow this religion, they have democratic right to decide whether to live in India or separate from India, they want to separate from India and live under their religious law. If they are asked a question why they have massacred Pandits in Kashmir valley on the wholesale scale and forced the rest of them who escaped this massacre to flee out of the state, they have no answer.

Again, if they are told that the erstwhile J & K ruler Maharaja Hari Singh had acceded his state to Union of India, which is a secular Union; that those who considered their religion above everything else had been given a separate land (Pakistan); that if they thought similarly, they could have migrated to Pakistan, and for this reason they have no right to again demand a separate land on the basis of their separate religion, they have no answer.

The fact is that without repatriation and accounting of all Kashmir Pandits – killed and displaced, they cannot be said in majority in the state. The truth and justice are above all fraud and force tactics.

The tactics of fraud and force in the name of democratic and human rights is not being employed in India alone by such religious fanatics. It is being employed in China as well.

How does China deal with such tactics? And, how does India deal with such tactics? Indian para-military forces are not less competent than China to deal with such individuals.

But in India the courts of law, which have no experience or understanding of the circumstances under which forces have to work, have a different notions of human rights, and have upper hand in taking decisions. In China it is not so.

Courts will exist only when the state is not challenged and decimated by the terrorist armed bands.

Here are two videos, one of which show how China deals with such terrorists and another show how India deals with the terrorists. An Indian Army veteran has recorded this video and has written his impression about the unfortunate Indian circumstances. First watch these videos.

Video No. 1: Chinese forces deal with religious terrorists in its country’s Uighur province:

 

Video No. 2: Indian forces’ hands are tied down in the name of human rights of the terrorists:

(Note: This video is extremely disturbing and – on second thought – has been self-censured for this reason. In this video, the hooligans are punching Indian army men armed with automatic weapons, which can kill all these trouble makers. But the army personnel show extreme restraint and do not use their weapons. Shame on those who tie down their hands! Shame on those who allow such restraint and deploy sons of mother India, not to kill the ruffians but be killed or prosecuted! )

An Army veteran, who lost a family member to a militant’s bullet, has raised an agonising poser to the Indian courts, “How much do you know about the brutality of war?”

How many of you have sent your progeny to the armed forces?

Have you ever lost a family member in the defence of the country?

Do you know the pain of losing a young son or having a widowed daughter or seeing your grandchildren grow up without their father?

If not, please do not impede our war effort. Human rights sound very nice when you and your families are safely ensconced in secure air-conditioned homes but not when you are facing bullets and stone of an unruly religious fanatic mob.

Applying the Court directions to the Pulwama incident, a FIR will be lodged against the Gunner Rishi Kumar who risked his life and killed two terrorists despite being hit on his headgear.

Police investigations will carry on for years haunting him even when posted to other places in India.

Courts will issue summons and demand his presence. He will be accused of depriving the ‘innocent’ jihadis of their human rights and asked to justify the killings.

He will be queried, “Are you sure they were terrorists? They did not kill you, why did you kill them?”

He will be asked, “Did you give them adequate opportunity to surrender and reform themselves?” “Did you give them a fair chance to escape?” “Did you fire warning shots in the air?”

Instead of lauding his bravery, he will be subjected to judicial witch-hunt. What a disgrace for the nation!

Subjecting active military operations to judicial review is an outlandish idea. Whereas all nations empower their soldiers to vanquish enemies of the state, India takes pride in shackling them.

While addressing the U.S. Naval Academy in April 2010, Secretary of Defence Robert M Gates of USA had said, “You have answered the trumpet call. For my part, I consider myself personally responsible for each and every one of you as though you were my own sons and daughters. And when I send you in harm’s way, as I will, I will do everything in my power to see that you have what you need to accomplish your mission – and come home safely.”

Apparently, Indian courts think differently. Human rights of the enemies of the state appear to be far more important than the security of the country.

Finally, as a serving officer commented wryly, “Our courts have given us two options – “get killed and the country will honour your martyrdom” or “kill the terrorist and face police/judicial investigations for years.”

His apprehensions are genuine and shared by the most. One wonders which soldier will look forward to serving in such antagonistic environment!

Everyone cannot fight for India on borders but one can fight for our Soldiers Betterment from the safety of our homes.

An Evolutionary Crisis on Earth!


  By: Manoj Pavitran
Inspired by Auguste Rodin’s The Thinker. Visualisation by Hemant Shekhar

Our present civilisational cycle, which began with the scientific and industrial revolution in Europe, has come a long way passing through colonialism, the two world wars and a cold war that took us to the edge of a nuclear holocaust. We are now a global civilisation cast predominantly in the moulds shaped by science and its world view, a single marketplace, a single global village, with instant global access and awareness, a community of Nations competing for global resources to sustain an economic engine that seeks infinite growth on a finite planet.

While science doesn’t deal with the question of the purpose of life on earth, the global notions of social development has come to mean physical and psychological welfare practically translated into a culture of unbridled consumerism in the name of happiness. In the process we are destroying the very foundations of the natural ecosystem in which we live. Global warming, pollution and destruction of the Natural environment, species extinction, refugees of war and climate change, a fragile and volatile economic system and the breakdown of traditional cultures and values are building up into a serious systemic crisis in the world. Besides, the exponentially accelerating technological innovations driving rapid social changes are now entirely out of human comprehension and control. We are, globally, accelerating towards a future that is way beyond our cognitive faculties to fathom.

Where are we heading as a species?

The sixth mass extinction

The fossil records say that in the long evolutionary cycles spanning huge spans of time the Nature has flushed out most of her life forms on earth five times in the past, retaining only those life forms fit to move on to the next stage of her evolutionary creation. According to a peer reviewed scientific study published in 2014, earth is entering the phase of sixth mass extinction of species since the loss of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago.

There is a natural rate at which species go extinct on earth but at present the extinction rate has accelerated way beyond the normal and there is a growing body of studies knitting together the unfolding story of mass extinction in which we are actively playing a role. We, as a species, were not in the picture during the previous mass extinctions on earth but this time we are in it and actively engaging in wiping out other species and in the process heading towards our own demise.

Are we, the humans, destined to be buried in the body of earth, along with thousands of other species that are going extinct now, as an evolutionary debris only to be retained as fossil evidence to be excavated by the future species on this planet? Are we flightworthy of the upcoming future of evolution on earth? It is not a rhetoric question, nor a religious doomsday fear-stick to beat the sheep to behave. There is a reality of the evolutionary process of which we are an integral part, and it seems Nature is poised towards something way beyond the limits we are currently able to perceive.

Our blundering ego and its appetites

Nearly a hundred years ago Sri Aurobindo wrote in his philosophical magnum opus The Life Divine:

“At present mankind is undergoing an evolutionary crisis in which is concealed a choice of its destiny; for a stage has been reached in which the human mind has achieved in certain directions an enormous development while in others it stands arrested and bewildered and can no longer find its way.” 1

“Man has created a system of civilisation which has become too big for his limited mental capacity and understanding and his still more limited spiritual and moral capacity to utilise and manage, a too dangerous servant of his blundering ego and its appetites.”2

There is an increasing mastery over the forces of Nature and a capacity to put these forces into practical utility in our daily life but at the same time the increasing complexity of the mechanical systems we have developed to manage our global civilization and the long term cumulative results of our collective action are now way beyond the limited mental capacity to fathom and manage. Besides the complexity and accelerating change, the engines of global financial market forces and its merciless competition is bringing forth the worst territorial instincts and predatory nature in us. We have harvested the power of rational intelligence and its tremendous creativity but these powers are at the service of selfish drives of clashing group egos and its covert and overt wars causing tremendous destruction to the life on earth. Our power of action has been scaled up for global operations and yet fundamentally the human nature has not changed.

“But because the burden which is being laid on mankind is too great for the present littleness of the human personality and its petty mind and small life-instincts, because it cannot operate the needed change, because it is using this new apparatus and organisation to serve the old infraspiritual and infrarational life-self of humanity, the destiny of the race seems to be heading dangerously, as if impatiently and in spite of itself, under the drive of the vital ego seized by colossal forces which are on the same scale as the huge mechanical organisation of life and scientific knowledge which it has evolved, a scale too large for its reason and will to handle, into a prolonged confusion and perilous crisis and darkness of violent shifting incertitude.” 3

The troubling truth about the human nature is, in spite of all our science and technological wizardry we are capable of, beneath our modern costumes and glittering technologies, we are still pretty much driven by our animal drives and its territorial claims served by a mental intelligence that has no better light than its heap of sensory data increasingly handed over to the machine intelligence to process and decipher. Within us are the demons and djinns lurking as greed, lust, insecurity, fear, anger, hatred, fighting instinct and violence breeding widespread destruction and death on its way.

Our weapons of conquest and mass murder may become perfectly organic and eco friendly, remotely controlled and managed, invisibly deployed and precisely targeted, especially now with the convergence of nano-tech, bio-tech and info-tech unleashing immense powers that are sweeping across the world. But we have to face the fact that there is an animal nature in us lurking just beneath the surface. Our technological prows is bringing out and amplifying all our inherent capacities and along with it are our evolutionary animal past and its instincts empowered by a mental intelligence that cannot foresee and manage systemic consequences of its local and isolated solutions. This demands an urgent need to transform the human nature to access a greater cognitive range and action if we are to navigate through the emerging complexity.

Upgrading the human beings

It is now a well established norm that the technologies will continue to evolve to become more and more efficient, invisible, intelligent and complex whether it is the mobile phones, self-driving cars, quantum computing, artificial intelligence, robotics, nano technologies or genetic engineering. However when it comes to upgrading the human beings our notions of education doesn’t go beyond few basic ideas of literacies and skills. Lifelong education is now increasingly recognised as a basic requirement but our capacity to continuously learn and adapt to a changing world remains a daunting task as our learning capacity decline with aging. While medical science is finding ways to extend the human lifespan, the psychological nature of human beings remains a pandora’s box which modern psychology is still in the process of mapping. Besides, it is not sufficient to have physical and psychological well being in a body with long life span, there is also a pressing need to review the very meaning and purpose of human existence in the context of rapidly evolving technologies that are surpassing human capacities.

In a short video called ‘Humans need Not Apply’ released in 2014 by C.G.P.Grey, the direction of emerging challenges from the Artificial Intelligence (AI) are well pointed out. In a world where the AI is rapidly taking over the intelligent thinking functions and the related jobs, both mundane and creative, the humans are quietly becoming obsolete as a work force.

It is expected that on the trails of exponential evolution of technology and self-learning machines, the power of Artificial Intelligence will exceed the intelligence of human beings. In January 2015, Stephen Hawking, Elon Musk, and dozens of artificial intelligence experts signed an open letter on artificial intelligence calling for research on the societal impacts of AI, particularly its existential risk to humanity.

The debate on AI can be seen spread in between two extreme views, the extinction of humanity or its immortality. Ray Kurzweil , Google’s Director of Engineering, a well-known futurist with a credible track record for accurate predictions, is upbeat about AI and the technological future of humanity foreseeing immortality and singularity ahead for our species. It was the mathematician John von Neumann first used the term “singularity” (c. 1950s), in the context of technological progress causing accelerating change:

“The accelerating progress of technology and changes in the mode of human life, give the appearance of approaching some essential singularity in the history of the race beyond which human affairs, as we know them, could not continue”. 4

At present we are exponentially accelerating towards such an unimaginable future. We are patching up the limitations of our cognitive and creative faculties by increasing augmentation with machine intelligence and the technology pioneers are dreaming of an increasing fusion with the machines to enhance human faculties. If it was the telescope that extended the range of vision for Galileo, modern man is dreaming of augmenting the mental capacity by linking the brain directly with a global brain of super intelligence in the cloud of Internet. It is as if we as a species is building a global brain through Internet that can potentially self-organise the entire species into a single global organism with individuals constituting its cells by linking the individual brain with the global brain. While this may sound like a wild science fiction fantasy there is a tremendous push to exceed the limits of our cognitive and creative faculties mediated by technology. Transhumanism and posthuman beings are part of the contemporary intellectual discourse.

However all these technological dreams are still based on the notion that the human being is ultimately an intelligent machine to be augmented and expanded by more intelligent machinery in a massively intelligent universe with some hacking of our biochemistry to experience an explosion of happiness. The biochemical pursuit for happiness is already well on its way along with the pursuit of immortality and the process of death is increasingly looked upon as a technical problem to be solved.

The genie is out of the bottle whether we like it or not and it cannot be rolled back, we can only go forward come what may.

Sri Aurobindo

More than a century ago Sri Aurobindo was grappling with this problem. Is humanity heading for self-destruction through its own technical wizardry like a child playing with fire burning down the house or is there a way forward, a greater wisdom and power that can avert the danger? He wrote:

“The evolutionary nisus is pushing towards a development of the cosmic Force in terrestrial life which needs a larger mental and vital being to support it, a wider Mind, a greater wider more conscious unanimised Life-Soul, Anima, and that again needs an unveiling of the supporting Soul and spiritual Self within to maintain it.”4

His life’s work was centred around this issue. The problems created by the power of thought and rational intelligence cannot be resolved at the same level of consciousness. Here in lies our fundamental difficulty. Nor does a spiritual liberation into otherworldly transcendence can have any impact on the evolutionary crisis unfolding on earth. That is why the mainstream traditional spirituality primarily dealing with individual liberation is of not much value to the future of the planet. It is here on earth the evolutionary process is accelerating and it must be here on earth and within the framework of matter the solution is to be established, not in any timeless existence beyond this material world.

“For the problem is fundamental and in putting it evolutionary Nature in man is confronting herself with a critical choice which must one day be solved in the true sense if the race is to arrive or even to survive.”5

This demands a clear vision of the process of evolution, its future course on earth and practical ways to engage with it. It is this factor that makes Sri Aurobindo a silent spiritual revolutionary whom the world is yet to discover.

He wrote:

“We do not belong to the past dawns, but to the noons of the future.” 6

Bibliography

1, 2, 3. Sri Aurobindo, The Life Divine, http://incarnateword.in/sabcl/19/the-divine-life

4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technological_singularity

5. Sri Aurobindo, The Life Divine, http://incarnateword.in/sabcl/19/the-divine-life

6. Sri Aurobindo, Essays on the Gita, http://incarnateword.in/sabcl/13/our-demand-and-need-from-the-gita

Indian History at a Glance


(हिंदी By: Ajay Mandyal + English version by: Shreepal Singh)

1 of 5:

Events that happened before Christ (BCE):

■ 385 000 – 172 000 years ago ‘Early Middle Paleolithic’ culture found in India (Source: https://www.nature.com/articles/nature25444 )

■ Nothing much is known about the people who lived in India (which must have had altered geography in this remote antiquity because of Earth’s geological activities) between 385 000 – 172 000 and about 9000 years ago. But tools have been excavated in India, which are 74 000 years old. (source:

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/).

Also sculpted artefacts of a ‘half lion – half human’ (Narasimha Avatar) have been unearthed from a cave in Germany, which was lying 1.2 meter deep, estimated about 32 000 years old. (source: https://detechter.com/lord-narasimha-idol-discovered-in-southern-germany/)

■ ? Rigveda compiled in pre-historic time by Rishis over a long period on the bank of Sarashwati & or Ganges Rivers.

■ 7000 : Rakhi Garhi Bhirrana (recently excavated in Hissar district of Haryana) people lived in planned cities.

■ 3000 : Mohenjo Daro Harrapa people lived on the bank of Sindhu River in planned cities.

■ ? Rama ruled in Ayodhya

■ ? Krishna lived in Vrandavan Mathura

►563 : गौतम बुद्ध का जन्‍म (Birth of Gautam Buddha)

►540 : महावीर का जन्‍म (Birth of Bhagwan Mahavir)

►327-326 : भारत पर एलेक्‍जेंडर का हमला (Alexander invades India in Sindh; battle with Porash; Alexander seriously injured; his army protested against further advance into India and Alexander retreats back to Alexandria in Egypt)

►313 : चंद्रगुप्‍त का राज्‍याभिषेक (Coronation of Chandra Gupta Maurya)

►305 : चंद्रगुप्‍त मौर्य के हाथों सेल्‍युकस की पराजय (Seleucus Nikator comes to Punjab / Sindh (which area had fallen to his share in inheritance from Alexander) to reclaim it from Chandra Gupta Maurya; Maurya defeats Selucus; treaty concluded between the two; Chandra Gupta marries Helena, the daughter of Selucus).

►273-232 : अशोक का शासन Reign of Ashoka

►261 : कलिंग की विजय Kalinga victory of Ashoka

►145-101 : एलारा का क्षेत्र, श्रीलंका के चोल राजा Elara, the Chola King of Sri Lanka, rules

2 of 5:

Events that happened after Christ (CE or AD):

►58 : विक्रम संवत् का आरम्‍भ (Vikram Samvat Era started)

►78 : शक संवत् का आरम्‍भ (Shaka Samvat Era started)

►120 : कनिष्‍क का राज्‍याभिषेक (Coronation of Kanishka)

►320 : गुप्‍त युग का आरम्‍भ, भारत का स्‍वर्णिम काल (Start of Gupta period, the golden age of India)

►380 : विक्रमादित्‍य का राज्‍याभिषेक Coronation of Vikramaditya

►405-411 : चीनी यात्री फाहयान की यात्रा Fa Hiyan, the Chinese pilgrim, arrives in India

►415 : कुमार गुप्‍त-1 का राज्‍याभि‍षेक Coronation of Kumara Gupta -1

►455 : स्‍कंदगुप्‍त का राज्‍याभिषेक Coronation of Skandagupta

►606-647 : हर्षवर्धन का शासन Reign of Harshvardhan of Kannauj

3 of 5:

►712 : सिंध पर पहला अरब आक्रमण  (First Arab attack – by Mohammad bin Qasim – on Sindh of India. Raja Dahir of Devala (Devalya), known as Karachi today, was defeated and his two daughters sent to the Caliph at Baghdad as gift; Mohammad bin Quasim was killed by the Caliph).

►836 : कन्‍नौज के भोज राजा का राज्‍याभिषेक Coronation of Bhoj Raja of Kannauj

►985 : चोल शासक राजाराज का राज्‍याभिषेक Coronation of Chola king Rajaraj

►998 : सुल्‍तान महमूद का राज्‍याभिषेक Coronation of Sultan Mahmud

A D 1000 – 1499:

►1001 : महमूद गजनी द्वारा भारत पर पहला आक्रमण, जिसने पंजाब के शासक जयपाल को हराया था (First attack of Mahmoud Gazani on India, when King Jaipal of Punjab was defeated)

►1025 : महमूद गजनी द्वारा सोमनाथ मंदिर का विध्‍वंस Mahmoud Gazani destroys Somnath Temple

►1191 : तराईन का पहला युद्ध (First war of Tarain, when Prithviraj Chauhan of Pithoragarh (Delhi) defeated Mohammad Ghauri and allowed him to go back free)

►1192 : तराईन का दूसरा युद्ध (Second war of Tarain, when Mohammad Ghauri defeated Prithviraj Chauhan, imprisoned, took him to Ghor of Afghanistan and killed him there)

►1206 : दिल्‍ली की गद्दी पर कुतुबुद्दीन ऐबक का राज्‍याभिषेक (Coronation of Kutub-Uddin Aibak as the King of Delhi)

►1210 : कुतुबुद्दीन ऐबक की मृत्‍यु Death of Kutub-Uddin

►1221 : भारत पर चंगेज खान का हमला (मंगोल का आक्रमण) Changise Khan of Mongolia invades India

►1236 : दिल्‍ली की गद्दी पर रजिया सुल्‍तान का राज्‍याभिषेक Coronation of Razia Sultana (daughter of Kutub-Uddin Aibak) as Delhi Queen

►1240 : रजिया सुल्‍तान की मृत्‍यु Death of Razia Sultana

►1325 : मोहम्‍मद तुगलक का राज Rule of Mohammad Tuglaq

►1327 : तुगलकों द्वारा दिल्‍ली से दौलताबाद और फिर दक्‍कन को राजधानी बनाया जाना Shifting of the Tuglaq capital from Delhi to Daulatabad in South India

►1336 : दक्षिण में विजयानगर साम्राज्‍य की स्‍थापना Founding of Vijayanagar Empire in South India

►1351 : फिरोजशाह का राज्‍याभिषेक Coronation of Feroz Shah Tuglaq

►1398 : तैमूरलंग द्वारा भारत पर हमला Taimur Lame attacks India

►1469 : गुरुनानक का जन्‍म Birth of Guru Nanak

►1494 : फरघाना में बाबर का राज्‍याभिषेक Babar assumes kingship in Fargana in Uzbekistan

►1497-98 : वास्‍को-डि-गामा की भारत की पहली यात्रा (केप ऑफ गुड होप के जरिए भारत तक समुद्री रास्‍ते की खोज) Vasco de Gama arrives to India for the first time via Cape of Good Hope

1500 से 1799

►1526 : पानीपत की पहली लड़ाई, बाबर ने इब्राहिम लोदी को हराया – बाबर द्वारा मुगल शासन की स्‍थापना First battle of Panipat, in which Babar defeats Ibrahim Lodhi and laid the foundation for Mughal rule in India

►1527 खानवा की लड़ाई, बाबर ने राणा सांगा को हराया Battle of Khanwa, in which Rana Sanga is defeated by Babar

►1530 : बाबर की मृत्‍यु और हुमायूं का राज्‍याभिषेक Death of Babar and coronation of Humayun

►1539 : शेरशाह सूरी ने हुमायूं को हराया और भारतीय का सम्राट बन गया Sher Shah Suri defeats Humayun and becomes king of India with capital in Delhi

►1540 : कन्‍नौज की लड़ाई War of Kannauj

►1555 : हुमायूं ने दिल्‍ली की गद्दी को फिर से हथिया लिया Humayun defeats Sher Shah Suri and regains the throne of Delhi

►1556 : पानीपत की दूसरी लड़ाई Second battle of Panipat

►1565 : तालीकोट की लड़ाई Battle of Talikot

►1576 : हल्‍दीघाटी की लड़ाई- राणा प्रताप ने अकबर को हराया Battle of Haldi Ghati, in which Rana Pratap defeates Akbar

►1582 : अकबर द्वारा दीन-ए-इलाही की स्‍थापना Akbar starts his new religin Din-e-Ilahi

►1597 : राणा प्रताप की मृत्‍यु Death of Rana Pratap

►1600 : ईस्‍ट इंडिया कंपनी की स्‍थापना East India Company incorporated in England

►1605 : अकबर की मृत्‍यु और जहाँगीर का राज्‍याभिषेक Death of Akbar and coronation of his son Salim as Jahangir

►1606 : गुरु अर्जुन देव का वध Murder of Sikh Guru Arjun Dev

►1611 : नूरजहाँ से जहांगीर का विवाह Jahangir marries Noorjahan

►1616 : सर थॉमस रो ने जहाँगीर से मुलाकात की Sir Thomas Roy meets Jahangir

►1627 : शिवाजी का जन्‍म और जहांगीर की मृत्‍यु Birth of Shivaji and death of Jahangir

►1628 : शाहजहां भारत के सम्राट बने Coronation of Shahjahan as Empror of India

►1631 : मुमताज महल की मृत्‍यु Death of Mumtaj Mahal

►1634 : भारत के बंगाल में अंग्रेजों को व्‍यापार करने की अनुमति दे दी गई English get permission to trade in Bengal of India

►1659 : औरंगजेब का राज्‍याभिषेक, शाहजहाँ को कैद कर लिया गया Aurangzeb imprisons his father Shah Jahan and declares himself as the empror of India

►1665 : औरंगजेब द्वारा शिवाजी को कैद कर लिया गया Aurangzeb invites Shivaji, breaks his solemn undertaking of Shivaji’s safety and arrests him

■ Shivaji escapes from Aurangzeb’s confine, arrives in Satara, assumes kingship and starts decapitating war against Aurangzeb’s Mughal rule.

►1680 : शिवाजी की मृत्‍यु Death of Shivaji

►1707 : औरंगजेब की मृत्‍यु Death of Aurangzeb

►1708 : गुरु गोबिंद सिंह की मृत्‍यु Death of Guru Govind Singh

►1739 : नादिरशाह का भारत पर हमला Nadir Shah invades India

►1757 : प्‍लासी की लड़ाई, लॉर्ड क्‍लाइव के हाथों भारत में अंग्रेजों के राजनीतिक शासन की स्‍थापना (Battle of Plassy and the victory of the English there starts their political subjugation of India)

►1761 पानीपत की तीसरी लड़ाई, शाहआलम द्वितीय भारत के सम्राट बने

4 of 5:

►1764 : बक्‍सर की लड़ाई

►1765 : क्‍लाइव को भारत में कंपनी का गर्वनर नियुक्‍त किया गया

►1767-69 : पहला मैसूर युद्ध

►1770 : बंगाल का महान अकाल

►1780 : महाराजा रणजीत सिंह का जन्‍म

►1780-84 : दूसरा मैसूर युद्ध

►1784 : पिट्स अधिनियम

►1793 : बंगाल में स्‍थायी बंदोबस्‍त

►1799 : चौथा मैसूर युद्ध- टीपू सुल्‍तान की मृत्‍यु

1800 से 1900

►1802 : बेसेन की संधि

►1809 : अमृतसर की संधि

►1829 : सती प्रथा को प्रतिबंधित किया गया

►1830 : ब्रह्म समाज के संस्‍थापक राजाराम मोहन राय की इंग्‍लैंड की यात्रा

►1833 : राजाराम मोहन राय की मृत्‍यु

►1839 : महाराजा रणजीत सिंह की मृत्‍यु

►1839-42 : पहला अफगान युद्ध

►1845-46 : पहला अंग्रेज-सिक्‍ख युद्ध

►1852 : दूसरा अंग्रेज-बर्मा युद्ध

►1853 : बांबे से थाने के बीच पहली रेलवे लाइन और कलकत्‍ता में टेलीग्राफ लाइन खोली गई

►1857 : स्‍वतंत्रता का पहला संग्राम (या सिपाही विद्रोह)

►1861 : रबीन्‍द्रनाथ टैगोर का जन्‍म

►1869 : महात्‍मा गांधी का जन्‍म

►1885 : भारतीय राष्‍ट्रीय कांग्रेस की स्‍थापना

►1897 : सुभाष चंद्र बोस का जन्‍म

1900 से 1947

►1904 ~ भारतीय विश्वविद्यालय अधिनियम पारित

►1905 ~ बंगाल का विभाजन

►1906 ~ मुस्लिम लीग की स्थापना

►1907 ~ सूरत अधिवेशन, कांग्रेस में फूट

►1909 ~ मार्ले-मिंटो सुधार

►1911 ~ ब्रिटिश सम्राट का दिल्ली दरबार

►1916 ~ होमरूल लीग का निर्माण

►1916 ~ मुस्लिम लीग-कांग्रेस समझौता (लखनऊ पैक्ट)

►1917 ~ महात्मा गाँधी द्वारा चंपारण में आंदोलन

►1919 ~ रौलेट अधिनियम

►1919 ~ जलियाँवाला बाग हत्याकांड

►1919 ~ मांटेग्यू-चेम्सफोर्ड सुधार

►1920 ~ खिलाफत आंदोलन

►1920 ~ असहयोग आंदोलन

►1922 ~ चौरी-चौरा कांड

►1927 ~ साइमन कमीशन की नियुक्ति

►1928 ~ साइमन कमीशन का भारत आगमन

►1929 ~ भगतसिंह द्वारा केन्द्रीय असेंबली में बम विस्फोट

►1929 ~ कांग्रेस द्वारा पूर्ण स्वतंत्रता की माँग

►1930 ~ सविनय अवज्ञा आंदोलन

►1930 ~ प्रथम गोलमेज सम्मेलन

►1931 ~ द्वितीय गोलमेज सम्मेलन

►1932 ~ तृतीय गोलमेज सम्मेलन

►1932 ~ सांप्रदायिक निर्वाचक प्रणाली की घोषणा

►1932 ~ पूना पैक्ट

►1942 भारत छोड़ो आंदोलन

►1942 ~ क्रिप्स मिशन का आगमन

►1943 ~ आजाद हिन्द फौज की स्थापना

►1946 ~ कैबिनेट मिशन का आगमन

►1946 ~भारत की संविधान सभा का निर्वाचन

►1946 ~ अंतरिम सरकार की सथापना

►1947 ~ भारत के विभाजन की माउंटबेटन योजाना

►1947 ~ भारतीय स्वतंत्रता प्राप्ती

5 of 5: Addition:

गुलाम वंश
1=1193 मुहम्मद गौरी
2=1206 कुतुबुद्दीन ऐबक
3=1210 आराम शाह
4=1211 इल्तुतमिश
5=1236 रुकनुद्दीन फिरोज शाह
6=1236 रज़िया सुल्तान
7=1240 मुईज़ुद्दीन बहराम शाह
8=1242 अल्लाउदीन मसूद शाह
9=1246 नासिरुद्दीन महमूद
10=1266 गियासुदीन बल्बन
11=1286 कै खुशरो
12=1287 मुइज़ुदिन कैकुबाद
13=1290 शमुद्दीन कैमुर्स
1290 गुलाम वंश समाप्त्
(शासन काल-97 वर्ष लगभग )

खिलजी वंश
1=1290 जलालुदद्दीन फ़िरोज़ खिलजी
2=1296
अल्लाउदीन खिलजी
4=1316 सहाबुद्दीन उमर शाह
5=1316 कुतुबुद्दीन मुबारक शाह
6=1320 नासिरुदीन खुसरो शाह
7=1320 खिलजी वंश स्माप्त
(शासन काल-30 वर्ष लगभग )

तुगलक वंश
1=1320 गयासुद्दीन तुगलक प्रथम
2=1325 मुहम्मद बिन तुगलक दूसरा
3=1351 फ़िरोज़ शाह तुगलक
4=1388 गयासुद्दीन तुगलक दूसरा6
5=1389 अबु बकर शाह
6=1389 मुहम्मद तुगलक तीसरा
7=1394 सिकंदर शाह पहला
8=1394 नासिरुदीन शाह दुसरा
9=1395 नसरत शाह
10=1399 नासिरुदीन महमद शाह दूसरा दुबारा सता पर
11=1413 दोलतशाह
1414 तुगलक वंश समाप्त
(शासन काल-94वर्ष लगभग )

सैय्यद वंश
1=1414 खिज्र खान
2=1421 मुइज़ुदिन मुबारक शाह दूसरा
3=1434 मुहमद शाह चौथा
4=1445 अल्लाउदीन आलम शाह
1451 सईद वंश समाप्त
(शासन काल-37वर्ष लगभग )

लोदी वंश
1=1451 बहलोल लोदी
2=1489 सिकंदर लोदी दूसरा
3=1517 इब्राहिम लोदी
1526 लोदी वंश समाप्त
(शासन काल-75 वर्ष लगभग )

मुगल वंश
1=1526 ज़ाहिरुदीन बाबर
2=1530 हुमायूं
1539 मुगल वंश मध्यांतर

सूरी वंश
1=1539 शेर शाह सूरी
2=1545 इस्लाम शाह सूरी
3=1552 महमूद शाह सूरी
4=1553 इब्राहिम सूरी
5=1554 फिरहुज़् शाह सूरी
6=1554 मुबारक खान सूरी
7=1555 सिकंदर सूरी
सूरी वंश समाप्त,(शासन काल-16 वर्ष लगभग )

मुगल वंश पुनःप्रारंभ
1=1555 हुमायू दुबारा गाद्दी पर
2=1556 जलालुदीन अकबर
3=1605 जहांगीर सलीम
4=1628 शाहजहाँ
5=1659 औरंगज़ेब
6=1707 शाह आलम पहला
7=1712 जहादर शाह
8=1713 फारूखशियर
9=1719 रईफुदु राजत
10=1719 रईफुद दौला
11=1719 नेकुशीयार
12=1719 महमूद शाह
13=1748 अहमद शाह
14=1754 आलमगीर
15=1759 शाह आलम
16=1806 अकबर शाह
17=1837 बहादुर शाह जफर
1857 मुगल वंश समाप्त
(शासन काल-315 वर्ष लगभग )

ब्रिटिश राज (वाइसरॉय)
1=1858 लॉर्ड केनिंग
2=1862 लॉर्ड जेम्स ब्रूस एल्गिन
3=1864 लॉर्ड जहॉन लोरेन्श
4=1869 लॉर्ड रिचार्ड मेयो
5=1872 लॉर्ड नोर्थबुक
6=1876 लॉर्ड एडवर्ड लुटेनलॉर्ड
7=1880 लॉर्ड ज्योर्ज रिपन
8=1884 लॉर्ड डफरिन
9=1888 लॉर्ड हन्नी लैंसडोन
10=1894 लॉर्ड विक्टर ब्रूस एल्गिन
11=1899 लॉर्ड ज्योर्ज कर्झन
12=1905 लॉर्ड गिल्बर्ट मिन्टो
13=1910 लॉर्ड चार्ल्स हार्डिंज
14=1916 लॉर्ड फ्रेडरिक सेल्मसफोर्ड
15=1921 लॉर्ड रुक्स आईजेक रिडींग
16=1926 लॉर्ड एडवर्ड इरविन
17=1931 लॉर्ड फ्रिमेन वेलिंग्दन
18=1936 लॉर्ड एलेक्जंद लिन्लिथगो
19=1943 लॉर्ड आर्किबाल्ड वेवेल
20=1947 लॉर्ड माउन्टबेटन

21= 1945 प्रथम सवाधीन आजाद हिद॓ सरकार बनी जिसका नेत्रतव सुभाष चद्रं बोस ने किया

ब्रिटिस राज समाप्त शासन काल 90 वर्ष लगभग

आजाद भारत,प्राइम मिनिस्टर
1=1947 जवाहरलाल नेहरू
2=1964 गुलजारीलाल नंदा
3=1964 लालबहादुर शास्त्री
4=1966 गुलजारीलाल नंदा
5=1966 इन्दिरा गांधी
6=1977 मोरारजी देसाई
7=1979 चरणसिंह
8=1980 इन्दिरा गांधी
9=1984 राजीव गांधी
10=1989 विश्वनाथ प्रतापसिंह
11=1990 चंद्रशेखर
12=1991 पी.वी.नरसिंह राव
13=अटल बिहारी वाजपेयी
14=1996 ऐच.डी.देवगौड़ा
15=1997 आई.के.गुजराल
16=1998 अटल बिहारी वाजपेयी
17=2004 डॉ.मनमोहनसिंह
18=2014 से नरेन्द्र मोदी

Indians Living Under False Impression, “India is Invincible!”


By: Tanmay Patil

There was a question put in an assured tone by an elderly person from the audience in a conference addressed by Sri Rajiv Malhotra, “For the last 700-800 years, we got a lot of onslaught of foreign invasions in India, but we still survived and in the last 20 years we seem to be reviving and coming up”.

Rajiv Malhotra answered his question thus:

Disagree with the question. We commonly like to say that we are invincible because we have survived. Nothing can happen to us, we are 5000 years old civilization. This all is NOT true.

Until 2000 years ago there was no Christianity, there was no Islam, who combined are 50% of the world today. Between Hinduism and Buddhism, there was all of Asia. If you consider even Hinduism alone, from Afghanistan to Bali (end point of Indonesia) was all Hinduism. From Lanka to not just Mount Kailash, but also the Kazakhstan, some part of China also has Shiva temples, Mongolia, Japan.

If you take that space or area, we  are currently 15-20% of that area; so we have shrunk 80%. ‘doobe nahi, bus 80 pratishat shrink ho gaye’ (English: Did not drown, but only shrunk by 80%).

If you work in a company and a man comes to you and says ‘Sir, we are still not bankrupt, our market share has gone down by 80%, but good news is we are not bankrupt’, I do not think that you would appreciate that and say it’s good news.

You will have to look that, we (India and Hindus) have lost 80% of their territory. Even, as recently as in 1947, we have lost so much of our territory.

After shrinking so much, we are not safe within India as ‘Hindus’ even today, there may be more partitions. There may be partition about the North-east, which means a lot of Brahmaputra river water. There may be partition about Kashmir, so Indus valley water, which means Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan water gone. Nepal could be going to Maoists (China), which means all the Ganga water.

So, all the main three rivers are in threat because of these insurrections, separatists movements and my book ‘Breaking-India’ writes about these separatist identities like Dravidian vs Aryan.

So, we are hardly safe and secure even within India. We cannot say that ‘humko kuch nahin hua, humko maar pit kar, kisine humaari ek banhh todh di, we are happy that hamari ek banhh to hai. Ek aankh le li, we are happy that en aankh toh hai, hum andhe thode hi na hue’ (English: We have lost nothing. Somebody has beaten us and broke our one arm, we are happy that we have our one arm intact. Our one eye is destroyed but we are happy that we have our one eye intact; we have not been blinded.)

This is NOT a success story, but a story of ‘Slow Death’. I agree that it is not a fast death, as we have not been killed, but certainly we have got setbacks.

And (we have got) setbacks in the ‘Siddhantas’ (in the matter of philosophies), which are not more advanced than our ‘Siddhantas’, which are not of more merit than ours.

So, people often say to me that, ‘Devta ne kaha tha kuch nahin hoga, sab theek ho jayega’ (Diety or God has assured us there is nothing to worry, everything will be fine), but for last 1000 years, Devta or God did not save us. I don’t know, but it is true.

I would like to quote Bhagwat Geeta here. During the war of Mahabharata at Kurukshetra, Krishna told Arjuna that both ‘Dharma and Adharma’ always remain here, and you (Arjuna) have to fight Adharma without any excuse. You cannot say, ‘I will stay at home, everything will be done right on its own’). Arjuna tried to give that argument, but Shri Krishna had to explain to him that things won’t work that way, and that Arjuna had the duty to go out in the battle-field and fight against Adharma.

So, Adharma is still there today, it has NOT gone. The Krukshetra is the ‘Global Intellectual theater’ today. All over the world there is a battle of ideas; ‘Siddhantas’ (Philosophies) and different world views are in contest with each other. Some can be seen in physical wars and other are fought psychologically and intellectually.

So, I see history differently, I see the battles are still going on and we (India and Hindus) have been loosing, more than winning. And we are shrinking even today, even within India.

See the video here : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xZkmwHMe7RA

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