Crime Against India and her Heritage!

(1) of (2) By: Commander V. K. Jaitly; (2) of (2) By: Shreepal Singh

(1) of (2):

Do you know that there is an IAS officer as head of almost every temple of renown in India but none for any of the Masjids or  Churches in this country? The chances are most of Indians do not know this fact. Why is it so? Of this later, first only about the facts.

In this respect, a foreign writer opens our eyes – most of us sleeping buddies in the matters that concern India, her past and future!

The Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowment Act of 1951 allows State Governments and politicians to take over thousands of Hindu Temples and maintain complete control over them and their properties. Does our so-called secular Constitution allow such interference in the religious matters of Hindus? Does it similarly treat the religious places of other religions, say Churches and Masjids? Again, of this later and first about the facts.

It is claimed that the government officials appointed to head Hindu temples can sell the temple assets and properties and use the money in any way they choose. This charge has been made not by any Temple authority, but by a foreign writer, Stephen Knapp in a book “Crimes Against India and the Need to Protect Ancient Vedic Tradition” published in the United States that makes shocking reading. See:…

Hundreds of temples in centuries past have been built in India by devout rulers and the donations given to them by devotees have been used for the benefit of the (other) people. If, presently, money collected has ever been misused (and that word needs to be defined), it is for the devotees to protest and not for any government to interfere. This is what has been happening currently under an intrusive law.

There is a popular belief that since the temples are controlled by the government now, the funds can be used for any social purpose at least. Please note that none of the devout kings who constructed these temples claimed any right over the temples. Many of them have not even left their names behind. Let alone not controlling the temples and their funds, these kings, in fact, consigned lands and other properties, including their jewels, to these temples.  They only facilitated and did not claim any rights over these temples.

That is the only acceptable attitude. None of the big temples (barring perhaps a handful) have been constructed by the governments of today and they have no right over any of these temples – funds, administration or over the way in which the worship is to be conducted. The funds of these temples should be used only for the administration of these temples, their repairs, the emoluments, the infrastructure and facilities around these temples and the surplus for the upkeep of other less known temples especially the old ones.

It would seem, for instance, that under a Temple Empowerment Act, about 43,000 temples in Andhra Pradesh have come under Government control and only 18 per cent of the revenue of these temples have been returned for temple purposes, the remaining 82 per cent being used for purposes unstated.

Apparently even the world-famous Tirumala Tirupati Temple has not been spared. According to Knapp, the temple collects over Rs 3,100 crores every year and the State Government has not denied the charge that as much as 85 per cent of this is transferred to the State Exchequer, much of which goes to causes that are not connected with the Hindu community.

Another charge that has been made is that the Andhra Government has also allowed the demolition of at least ten temples for the construction of a golf course. Imagine the outcry writes Knapp, if ten mosques had been demolished.

It would seem that in Karanataka, Rs. 79 crores were collected from about two lakh temples and from that amount, temples received Rs 7 crores for their maintenance, Muslim madrassas and Haj subsidy were given Rs 59 crore and churches were given about Rs 13 crore.

Because of this, Knapp writes, 25 per cent of the two lakh temples or about 50,000 temples in Karnataka will be closed down for lack of resources, and he adds: The only way the government can continue to do this is with the indifference and tolerance of the Hindus.

Knapp then refers to Kerala where, he says, funds from the Guruvayur Temple are diverted to other government projects denying improvement to 45 Hindu temples. Land belonging to the Ayyappa Temple, apparently has been grabbed and Church encroaches are occupying huge areas of forest land, running into thousands of acres, near Sabarimala.

A charge is made that the Communist state government of Kerala wants to pass an Ordinance to disband the Travancore & Cochin Autonomous Devaswom Boards (TCDBs) and take over their limited independent authority of 1,800 Hindu temples. If what the author says is true, even the Maharashtra Government wants to take over some 450,000 temples in the state which would supply a huge amount of revenue to correct the states bankrupt conditions

And to top it all, Knapp says that in Orissa, the state government intends to sell over 70,000 acres of endowment lands from the Jagannath Temple, the proceeds of which would solve a huge financial crunch brought about by its own mismanagement of temple assets.

Says Knapp: Why such occurrences are so often not known is that the Indian media, especially the English television and press, are often anti-Hindu in their approach, and thus not inclined to give much coverage, and certainly no sympathy, for anything that may affect the Hindu community. Therefore, such government action that play against the Hindu community go on without much or any attention attracted to them.

Knapp obviously is on record. If the facts produced by him are incorrect, it is up to the government to say so. It is quite possible that some individuals might have set up temples to deal with lucrative earnings. But that, surely, is none of the government’s business!

Instead of taking over all earnings, the government surely can appoint committees to make the temples accountable especially for the funds – received and earned –  so that the amount discovered is fairly used for temple purposes only.

Says Knapp: Nowhere in the free, democratic world are the religious institutions managed, maligned and controlled by the government, thus denying the religious freedom of the people of the country.

But it is happening in India. Government officials have taken control of Hindu temples because they smell money in them, they recognise the indifference of Hindus, they are aware of the unlimited patience and tolerance of Hindus, they also know that it is not in the blood of Hindus to go to the streets to demonstrate, destroy property, threaten, loot, harm and kill – generally or Normally.

Many Hindus are sitting and watching the demise of their culture. They need to express their views loud and clear.

Knapp obviously does not know that should they do so, they would be damned as communalists. But it is time some one asked the Government to lay down all the facts on the table so that the public would know what is happening behind its back.

Robbing Peter to pay Paul is not secularism. And temples are not for looting, under any name.

One thought that Mohammad of Ghazni had long been dead. But did he? Seems, no – of course in another guise!

(2) of (2):

How is it possible that under a secular Constitution, that our Constitution is, this discriminatory treatment is meted out to Hindu temples and not to Christian Churches and Muslim Masjids? After all, there is a constitutional mandate in this country to treat all equally – whether they be religious or not religious matters.

There is a catch here and it is in the Constitution itself; it is a discriminatory provision, which applies to Hindus only. It needs to equally apply to all, including Christians and Muslimz; or else it must go out of the Constitution.

What is this provision that gives power to the States (being in the State List of 7th schedule of Constitution, “State” means state governments) to interfere in Hindu religious affairs? Article 25 of the Constitution guarantees equal freedom to all religions in India. But what freedom has been given to all religions under this Article, it has been effectively taken away from Hindus by another hand under clause (b) of sub-article (2) of Article 25. Here Hindus are defined in its broader sweep that include Buddhists, Jains and Sikhs but very cleverly Muslims and Christians are not included there.

Article 25 (2) of Indian Constitution reads:

(2) Nothing in this article shall affect the operation of any existing law or prevent the State from making any law:
(a) regulating or restricting any economic, financial, political or other secular activity which may be associated with religious practice;
(b) providing for social welfare and reform or the throwing open of Hindu religious institutions of a public character to all classes and sections of Hindus.

Article 25 (2) (b) of Constitution discriminates against Hindus by allowing the State governments to make any law in their matter for social welfare and reform of Hindus. This restriction is only on Hindus (courtesy Nehru). By this constitutional empowering provision, any state government can make laws to appoint administrator(s) for Hindu temples but cannot do so with mosque or church. It is all done in the name of reform and social welfare of Hindus, as if Christians and Muslims do not need “reforms” or “welfare” however  archiac they may be.

Why should the word “Hindus” finding place in Article 25 (2) (b) of the Constitution be not substituted by the words “any religion”? Equality, which is the soul of Indian Constitution, demands that either this interference by the States in religious affairs in the name of social reforms should be equally applicable to all religions or to none.

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