Warning to India: Original Research in China and Western World


By: Kalavai Venkat

A Chinese scientist claims success in the first gene-edited baby. None of us would know whether the claim is exaggerated. However, the angry denials originating from the West and the concerns westerners raise about the ethics of gene-editing imply that there is a ring of truth to this claim.

However, that is not the theme of my post.

Over the last decade, China has marched ahead in every emerging technology field (e.g., CRISPR, nano-computing, super-computing, biotechnology, network protocols, social media). The Chinese government has invested heavily in R&D labs, experimental hubs, and tech parks where the research can be translated into products. There is a thriving partnership between these labs and the industry.

China’s English language newspapers do an outstanding job of highlighting these in detail so that Chinese public are geared to embrace the emerging world and form the right perspective. China would generate wealth and emerge as a super power. I anticipate it to surge ahead of all western countries in the next 30 years especially given the superior average IQ of Han Chinese.

Contrast this with India. We are still content with putting western CEOs on a pedestal (even when they abuse our hospitality by taking a dump on us) and expressing gratitude that they’re opening their shops in India. Indians measure success by India’s ability to become the low-skill outsourcing hub of western corporations.

Nobody realizes that none of these translate into long-term wealth; nor make India a super power. Hardly any research lab has been commissioned in the last few years to pursue these emerging fields.

India’s English language media is terrible and indulges in sleaze and sensationalism. Ignorant Indians are elated when some westerners tell then that India is doing better than China because India is a democracy. Nobody pauses to think that there is no correlation between democracy and wealth generation. We buy the democracy snake oil westerners sell and proudly apply it on ourselves.

If India doesn’t wake up now it would be a terribly weakened society – if not a balkanized one – very soon. Are Indians listening to what it conveys? Do Indians understand the emerging world? Will India wake up to the challenge and not celeberate their products in the persons of Sunder Pichais, Indira Nuis and a whole crop of that kind?

Electing Parliament: The On-line Way (3)


By: Shreepal Singh

This is the third, and concluding, part of this series of articles on ‘Electing Parliament: The On-line Way’. It was orginally published in 2013 on this website and is being re-published again in view of the initiative being taken by the Election Commission of India for studying the feasibility of using on-line voting for electing people’s representatives in India. Here we go:

Human beings may manage their business of self-governance under the imperatives dictated by the force either of mind – that is, reason – or of desires. Reason and desires are two totally distinct dimensions of human consciousness. Rarely, the two coincide and support mutually. Most often, what is reasonable in a given situation, finds itself in conflict with one’s desires. And, what one desires in a given situation, most often offends the reason. The explanation for this conflict lies in the difference of their respective origin. Desires originate from the cosmic bubbling energy – a conscious dimension of the ultimate reality – that seeks to find space to enable her to manifest and materialize. Reason originates from the universal symmetry of that source that seeks to impose discipline on that anarchic energy.

  In the affairs of management of human self-governance, one has to accord a place of primacy to either of these two generically different organizing forces that issue from from that ultimate source and manifest here on Earth. From the life’s evolutionary point of view, the force of reason is higher than that of the desire. The lower life’s kingdom – from plants to animals – is organized in its working by this lower force of desires, which has a wide spectrum ranging from the basic instincts of self-preservation to dominance. In human beings also, this lower force of desires plays a greatly significant role. However, human beings have evolved the faculty of reason that tends to rein in these desires when they go unreasonable, push them to the secondary place in a dark remote corner of the sub-conscious domain of mind and usurp the place of primacy for itself. Organizing the affairs of human self governance on the “principle of the working of desires” belongs to an inferior civilization, under which we are living today. A reasonable – a better – civilization cannot be guided and inspired by desires. It has to be in essence a better and reasonable one, however harsh and unpalatable it might look to our secretly lurking desires. Such a civilization is the demand of human evolution. It is the demand of our times. It is crucially needed to resolve humans’ serious disputes and for their survival against the danger of self annihilation caused by those disputes. It is the demand of our Earth.

  Reason dictates that people, who are now comparatively more enlightened, should govern themselves – that is, they should organize their collective life on the democratic principle. Reason also dictates that Earth is our single common home in this vast universe and the interests of mankind are common. Reason informs us that our knowledge of the secrets of Nature (that is, the scientific knowledge) and the exploitation of these secrets in the form of technology (that is, machines and tools in the hands of mankind) are the common property of mankind. In fact, all knowledge belongs to the humanity in general and to nobody in particular – no matter who discovered this knowledge or where it was discovered; for, an individual draws much from the society and, in return, is always indebted to the society. Reason presses us to admit that knowledge and its begotten fruit in the form of technology, which is a miraculous and force-multiplier lever in the hands of humans in their war against Nature, cannot be allowed to be usurped by a few for their own private use and benefit. Our commomsense tells us that this force multiplier lever – that is, machine – must be solely employed to the benefit of mankind as one race; that human beings now must be afforded freedom from long, routine and laborious productive work; and, that they must be afforded complete leisure, except for a short working period. Science demonstrates that it is possible, technology translates into reality, and reason dictates us that we should organize our affairs on this pattern.

  There are three elements – and all these belonging to humans – that work to negate an organization of human beings in their collective life, that is, their civilization, on such pattern. Firstly, a few of human beings who profess to own machine do wean its use away from the common good of mankind towards their own personal good; and these few, by this unholy diversion of machine, accumulate unearned wealth, which they morally justify in the name of incentive or profit. Secondly, this accumulated wealth is used by them to distort the normal collective consciousness – that is, humanity’s culture – so as to justify a dismal and unfortunate condition of humanity at large gobally found today. And, thirdly, after doing this unholy and unjustified work, they bring in to their aid the scientific knowledge (in the form of technology, which – again repeated – is the the wealth belonging to humanity at large) to suppress the popular disaproval of such unholy diversion; to advance their own selfish interests; and to cause harm to the interests of general humanity. Knowledge begotten by humanity works against the humanity in a vicious circle.

  This vicious circle can be broken by bringing into operation the information technology in the affairs of democratic self-governance. Its operation would ensure the elimination of evil impact of wealth in the matter of self governance. In fact, utilizing this technology amounts to organizing the humans’ collective life on the principle of reason. It amounts to the pushing of desires out of the seat of driver for our civilization and placing of the reason thereat in a forward movement of life’s evolutionary course. It would be ushering of a new civilization on Earth.

  The potential of information information technology in bringing such a change in the life of a nation’s democratic self-governance is unparalleled. Science and technology are the driving force of history. They work constantly and bring in a silent change in society. Surly, information technology would be employed, sooner or later, in the field of democratic self governance. And surly, that moment would bring the death of today’s money-driven democracy. It would purge the money power out of democracy.

The application of modern information technology to the field of  democratic election of a government, which government is usually out of sync with the popular mandate now a days, would empower the ordinary citizens beyond imagination. This empowerment of ordinary citizens would inflict a death blow on the current socio-political set up. And it would pave the way for crafting a new civilization.  The current political instrument of democracy has been reduced by the information technology into an archiac and obsolete edifice. Its inherent weakness – the weakness of the way we elect our representatives in people’s democratic self-governance – portends the coming of its demise.

   It is axiomatic to say that in the matter of their democratic self-governance people should be allowed freedom to choose their representatives. What is this freedom from? There may be restrictions on this freedom. And these restrictions may be direct or indirect; or these may be crude or subtle. This freedom should be secured against all such restrictions. An individual is physically restricted by resorting to the use of violence from choosing a representative of his choice. It is a crude restriction and there should be freedom from such restriction. You allow decisive advantages to one candidate for election and disallow these advantages to another one; it is subtle restriction on the freedom to choose one’s representative. There should be freedom from such indirect restriction also.

   You allow a person to let him project himself in a favorable light which in fact s/he is not; and, you disallow another one to have this undue advantage. It is subtle restriction and there should be freedom from this restriction. You let the electorate remain uninformed of the vital issues concerning their short-term or long-term welfare; or you allow a candidate for election to misinform the electorate on those issues; and disallow another one to correct that misinformation. It is subtle restriction on the citizens’ freedom to exercise their right to make an informed choice of their representative.

  Hitherto it was not possible for us by any democratic means to secure this freedom to citizens against all these restrictions only because these restrictions operate through subtle and indirect means; it was not possible to cure this defect since these advantages are not equally available to all. Today it has become possible to remove these subtle and indirect restrictions with the help of available information technology. It is desirable to secure freedom from all these subtle and indirect restrictions on citizens, whether the citizens possess or don’t possess such advantages. It is need of the hour for humanity. It is a step forward towards a new political order.

The subtle and indirect restrictions on citizens’ freedom also operate on a minor scale through psychological means (like taking advantage of religious, caste, national or domicile sentiments) as well as on a major scale through the economic advantages. Both of these kinds of restrictions on one’s freedom are condemn-able and desirable to be eliminated by democratic means, which was not possible before but which has now become possible with the aid of technology.

  In a democratic country, a candidate has the economic advantage to project his image in a positive manner, which in fact is not the case in reality. Money is pumped to bolster his candidacy. He is touted through print and electronic media, because he has the economic means. Like a supernova explosion, his hitherto hidden personal qualities (which in fact were never there in his personality) are presented in brilliant colours. All psychological tools are employed (which need money that he possesses) to create his positive image, which is untrue to the reality. Electorate is misinformed and mislead by money. It is wrong to project a person which he is not. It is misinformation, which may include even disinformation. This is restriction on the citizens’ freedom to make an informed choice of their representatives. This restriction should be eliminated by democratic means.

     One way of eliminating this restriction is to make all the contestants equal in economic means to take on each other so that the electorates are informed of the positive and negative qualities of all of them and are enabled to make a free and informed choice. But it is not possible to provide an equality of economic means to any and every one who may fancy contesting election. Always there are those who are the strongest in these economic advantages; there are those who are lesser in strength; then, there are weak; and there are also weakest. It is not the reality that the weakest in the economic strength is the worst candidate in quality; he may be the best; and he may be the first choice of the electorate if he is put on equal keel in publicity with all the rest of candidates. But the weakest cannot be put on equal keel. Then, what is the way out of securing equality to all who are unequal in money? It is the information technology that offers the solution to the problem here.

  The crux of the solution in information technology lies in the fact that in its psychological impact, money becomes counterproductive in its yield at a certain point. You pump money to bolster one’s image in positive manner; you can pump more and more money in this exercise and you would have its incremental effect on its result. But there is another factor – the factor of duration of time – that has its own psychological effect. If a candidate is asked to remain the choice of his electorate twenty-four hours of four weeks of a year and is thus obliged to pump money constantly to bolster his image, this very strength of money becomes his weak point. The time factor turns this money’s ‘cozy effect’ into ‘rogue effect’. This factor exposes the crude face of money. In this way the money is fatigued out. It becomes vulgar; it boomerangs on the person who pumps this money and looks apparent attempt to bribe the electorate. It turns into transparent moral wrong. Its own strength becomes its weakness. This phenomenon of turning the “money-advantage” into “money-disadvantage” is the result of a well known economics principle called the principle of “diminishing return”.  

  But can you ask a candidate to remain the choice of his electorate twenty-four hours of all the weeks of a year? Hitherto such a demand was not possible. There was no way but to hold elections only periodically and by manual counting. But now, it is not any more so. Elections can be held on internet constantly on daily basis and candidates may be asked to remain the choice of their electorates continuously and indefinitely till they lose the mandate as determined by the website maintained by the Election Commission.

  It is possible that we enact laws that cast a legal duty on citizens, under a penal provision for neglect, to express their choice every day on the internet in favor of their favorable candidates, which candidacy may be open to all citizens. It is possible that we may design a program that permits a citizen to use internet services only when he first exercises his legal obligation of marking his or her choice of a representative. No banking, buying, e-mailing, or anything on the internet could be done unless the citizen performs his legal duty to express his choice of his representative. There may be constant tallying of citizens’ votes and the moment a representative falls below 50% of votes, he may be shown the door. It is nothing but making the democracy true. It is nothing but empowering the majority who are ordinary citizens and without voice today.  The secret of this rectification, of which we have been speaking here, lies in the progress in three, and only three, fields of human activity. These are firstly, the development of science, secondly, educating people, and thirdly, empowering people through information technology to constantly elect and recall their political representatives in the matter of democratic self-governance.

The development of science and technology is already on the verge of bringing an almost total automation of production of commodities and services. To stay in the competition – to make products cheapest and best, which is required to stay in the competition – industries are already moving towards such automation, which is today technologically possible. An almost total automation of production and services would almost totally eliminate the need on the part of employers – owners of production facilities – to employ humans – working people – in industrial production and service industries. This would result in almost complete unemployment in the society. It is estimated that by the middle of this century – 21st century – 2% of jobs would require human employment – like in the fields of scientific research and research in controlling human beings. It means that 98% of the present day jobs would be go out of the market. This situation is the one – the most crucial – constituent of a deadly mix of an explosive. The second constituent is of this mix is the democratic empowerment of people by their adoption of information technology – the internet – in the matter of electing their representative government. The people would be, for the first time in social history, free to really self-govern themselves. Such empowered people cannot and would not allow a situation in the society where almost all of them are rendered unemployed – without work – amid plenty of products owned and produced by a few persons in automated plants.

  The second element – namely, educating the people – enables them to understand more and more what is good and what is not good for them. At the time when the moments of taking decisions come about matters, whether such matters are trivial in nature or momentous, not all people take uniform and equal decisions.  People more often than not take decisions on the uninformed basis, which includes lack of correct data and lack of correct fundamental premises or assumptions. Here comes the crucial role of education in bringing a change in the way we think and live.  Education is used here in the widest possible meaning, which covers acquiring knowledge relating to all spheres of human experience.

 The third element – the empowerment of people through the adoption of information technology in electing their representatives – is the key to bring a new social order. This empowerment of people in their democratic self-governance is the gift of science, which was not possible before. Human beings have come a long way on the social evolutionary path from the savage society to the modern society where we govern ourselves.

There are millions of people living in democratic countries, who self-rule by electing their representatives. But these millions cannot sit together at a place, take decisions and rule themselves. They have to elect their representatives to govern, who sit together at a place on their behalf and deliberate. They take decisions on behalf of their electorates and run the people’s government. For a member of people, the journey from the status of a mere voter to that of a powerful representative is possible only when he has his own huge money – or he gets this money from those who have it but give it on the conditions attached to it.  This constraint is for those who dream to change their own political status from the mere electors to the elected ones. What about those people who do not wish to get elected but wish to elect the representative of their choice? It is not anything better.

The electors are presented with ready-made prospective representatives by the money-wielding powerful political parties, who are mostly committed to serve the interests of those who give them this huge money. Those who matter in this system come out in strength in support of their chosen candidates and use all weapons in their possession – media, campaigns, promotions, psychological rules of influencing electorates – to ensure the victory of their chosen ones.  

It is a stark reality of modern democracy. All political theories that deny this reality are motivated and false ones. The truth of this stark reality of modern democracy has long been understood by us all. But hitherto there was no way to cure this deficiency except by way of violence, which too ultimately fails to serve the ideal – provide justice.  In this respect, the technology is perfectly capable to cure this defect of democracy. What we need is to make certain preparations. These preparations would include the necessary constitutional and legal changes, which should make it legally obligatory for every citizen, under legal provision for a harsh penalty for violation; spreading internet and mobile phones (which should be integrated with internet) covering all citizens; putting in use a software that enables a computer or mobile to work only when the first prop-up for casting vote to elect, continue or re-call the representatives is answered by the user; framing of legal rules which prescribe constant process of electing or recalling representatives; provisions are made that allow all political parties, and not individuals belonging to them, and other desirous persons to be put on a government website for voting by electors on a daily basis; and other relevant and necessary provisions.

All that is required is an awareness on the part of the people and the need on the part of the State to adopt it. Will the modern democracy committed to private capital adopt this new modern political system? It may be suicidal for the private capital. But it will be the victory of people. No cost is high for this change. True democracy is the people’s demand; it is progressive in nature; it is just urge of people that they are empowered by technology in this way. There is no logical ground to oppose this demand and the elements that make it impracticable today may be removed by taking necessary precautionary steps in that behalf. This is true self-governance of people. This is true democracy.

Electing Parliament: The On-line Way (2)


By: Shreepal Singh

(Note: This article was originally published in 2013 at this website. It is again published in view of the Election Commission of India constituting a study team to look into the feasibility of using in India on-line voting for electing representatives.)

Now science has provided the technological capability to make democracy more true to its basic principle. Democracy as it obtains today cannot obstruct for long the far-reaching impact of information technology that is now common place. Democracy is theoretically the ideal mechanism of self governance invented by human beings. It is but natural that in the collective living of a group, all individuals may not always agree while taking decisions.

  Human beings in their evolutionary history have co-existed for long and devised many forms of dispute-redressing mechanism to ensure their continued comparatively peaceful co-existence. And, now we have a dispute-redressing socio-political engineering that we call democracy. Democracy is a form of human self governance. Its basic principle is the rule of the majority over the minority. In the collective living of human beings there are always recurring moments when they are required to take collective decisions, and often, momentous decisions. While taking decisions, the unanimity of decision makers is ideal but almost always elusive. And, therefore, the next best thing possible is to take decisions by majority of the decision makers. Taking decisions by majority that bind majority and minority both is democracy.

  It is natural that the minority, which did not agree to the majority view but found a much disliked-decision imposed on it by the operation of majority rule, would search for some loopholes to thwart and diminish the impact of the unpleasant majority decision. We are not talking here of the mundane routine scandalous politics that intermittently occur in democratic countries. We are up for serious things here.

  The crux is that on crucial economic issues that vitally affect human beings in their collective living, the majority must find benefit in the decision that is taken by the majority notwithstanding the opposition of the minority. However, we find that in economic matters the minority is rich to the detriment of the majority who are poor. This is impeccable proof that here democracy, the rule of the majority, has been thwarted by whoever got illegitimate benefits from this distortion and by whatever means.

  We must purify democracy by the application of science. We are not against anybody. We hold that human beings are mere instruments of forces that guide the course of events, at micro and macro scale in this grand universe.

  We stand for the truly majority rule and surely the majority would benefit by its own rule in economic matters in contradistinction to the benefit accruing to minority. The minority has usurped machine, that saves human labor, from the hands of majority and yoked it in their own selfish service by rendering millions jobless. The minority monopolizes machine so that it may earn private profit by the work of machine with the less human labor needed.  The minority has become rich and the majority has been reduced to poverty, though this majority is still flaunted as the rulers. In the rule of majority, the majority cannot be poor and the minority rich. It is distorted democracy. The science has come, as ever, to play its redeeming role to change the things in a forward movement.

  How the science can be applied to democracy? We elect our representatives for a fixed term. They represent us for this term. We need the application of available technology on this issue in two ways. Firstly, the initial electoral process is presently much influenced by artificial means. The objective image of prospective representative is allowed to be bolstered by lobbying forces. This bolstering needs money that is not sufficiently available with the majority of population and their true aspiring representative is rendered disadvantaged. This could not be helped yesterday; today it can be remedied. The voting must be done only through the suitable device of information technology and without any role for the intervening economic forces in any manner.

  It is possible. And, it must be done to redeem democracy from the hands of minority and accumulated money. Secondly, we must employ the information technology once again to constantly approve or disapprove our initially elected representatives. Of course, we need stability of the term of representation. Also, our representatives need insulation from momentary passions of the electorates who may disapprove leader’s unpopular decisions under the heat of the moment but may later on approve them on their cool calculations.

  These are some of the problems that the technology enabled true democracy would have to resolve. There may be fixed a critical approval index below which a representative must quit. However, the technology should be used to constantly elect our representatives. Our leaders should be our representatives and they should be so at every moment. There cannot be anything like fixed secured term in true democracy. The fixed or secured term must be provided only to offset the undesirable impact on the cool decisions of our representatives. In fact, the real remedy of this problem lies in educating and enlightening our people and not allowing our representatives to continue despite electorate’s disapproval. Theoretically, the electorates know their interest best and the elected representatives cannot continue in the face of disapproval by their electorates.

  For the democracy to become true today, the application of technology is necessary. For a democracy to become vibrant and healthy, it is necessary that its citizens should be educated, informed, empowered and enlightened.

Timur Lame: Jats Glory that is not taught in History


Vimal Tiwari

1 of 2: Piece of history:

 

We visited Bharatpur recently and came to know of an eye opening history of the exploits and bravery of the Jats that was  never taught to our students under a calculated policy of Nehruvian regime to suppress truth in the name of promoting communal amity.

Though one has heard of their bravery often, but it is mostly in relation to the wars that India fought since Independence. Not much is known of their past exploits. Not much is taught about them in school  history books, except making  a passing reference to Maharaja Suraj Mal. 

Anyone visiting Bharatpur must visit his palace, fort and museum. It is beautifully maintained and an architecture pleasure to see. Actually Fatehpur Sikiri seems quite pale in comparision!

This piece of history has been forwarded to me by someone, which I had not heard before, all thanks to the technology of internet. Our history books keep mum about what is glorious and belongs to India.

In 1398 AD Timur made a ferocious attack on India with 92,000 horsemen. On receiving the news of Timur’s open and total looting and destruction, in Vikram Samvat 1455, kartick badi 5 (1398 AD), Raja Devpala who was born in the village of Nirpura, District Meerut in a Jat family and was in charge of the of the Haryana Sarva Khap Panchayat, called a Mahapanchayat in the jungles in the middle of the villages of Tikri, Doghat, and Daha. These three villages are still existing in district Meerut. The chief committee of the Mahapanchayat passed the following resolutions:

1)All villages would be emptied.
2) The elders and women, and children would be taken to safe places
3) All able-bodied men would join the army of the Sarv Khap.
4) The young women would also take up arms like the men.
5) The army of Timur, which was advancing from Delhi to Haridwar, would be fought with Guerilla warfare, and the water wells and ponds in his way would be poisoned.
6) 500 young horsemen would follow Timur and report his whereabouts to the Sarv Khap army.

The Panchayat Army was to fight under the flag of the panchayat and had 80,000 warrior soldiers (Mulls) and 40,000 young women who had joined together. These heroes also handled all the arrangements of the war material. From hundreds of miles around Delhi Heroic warriors came to the battlefield ready to sacrifice their lives. All the young men and women took up arms.

Dharampal Dev a Jat warrior, who was 95 years old, played a great part in gathering together this army. He traveled day and night on horseback to encourage men and women and gather the army. His brother Karan Pal helped arrange money, grain and clothing for the army.

The choosing of the Supreme General, the deputy general and the other generals. In this endeavor of the Sarv Khap, the hero warrior Jograj Singh Gujar was chosen Supreme General. He was of the Clan Khubar Parmar, and hailed from a village near Haridwar called Kunja.

The general chosen from among the heroic maidens for their army were:

  1. Rampiari Gujar,
  2. Hardai Jat,
  3. Devi Kaur Rajput,
  4. Chandro Brahmin, and
  5. Ramdai Tyagi.     All of them took a vow to lay down their lives in defence of their nation.

The following two Deputy Generals were chosen:

(1) Dhula Bhangi (Valmiki),
(2) Harbir Singh Gulia Jat,
Dhula Bhangi was a resident of the Village of Hansi, near Hissar. He was a strong and powerful brave warrior. The second deputy general was Harveer Singh Jat, of the Gulia Clan. He was from the village Badli, district Rohtak in Haryana. He was 22 years old. He weighed 53 Dharis (approx. 160 kilograms). He was strong and brave warrior. The names of the generals were:

1)Gaje Singh Jat Gatwala,
2) Tuhiram Rajput,
3) Nedha Rawa,
4) Sarju Brahmin,
5) Umra Taga (Tyagi), and
6) Durjanpal Ahir. 
The deputy generals chosen were: 1)Kundan Jat,
2) Dhari Gadariya, who was a Dhari,
3) Bhondhu Saini,
4) Hulla Nai (barber),
5) Bhana Julaha (Harijan)
6) Aman Singh Pundir, Rajput
7) Nathu Pardar, Rajput
8)Dhulla (Dhandi) Jat, who would lead raids from Hissar to Dadri to Multan.
9) Mamchand Gujar
10) Phalwa Kahaar.
Assistant generals: 20 assistant’s generals were chosen from the various jatis (castes).                         

The hero Bard: the Eminent Scholar Poet Chandrabhutt (Bhat) was chosen as the official Bard. He wrote an eyewitness account of the war with Timur.

The battles with Timur were fought by the Jat Panchayat army at Muzaffarnagar, Meerut and Haridwar. The Deputy Commander Harveer Gulia, along with 25,000 warriors of the Panchayat army, made a fierce attack on a big group of Timur’s horsemen, and a fierce battle ensued where arrows and spears were used. There were 2,000 hill archers who had joined the Panchayat Army. One arrow pierced Timur’s hand. Timur was in the army of horsemen. Harveer Singh Gulia charged ahead like a lion on them, and hit Timur on his chest with a spear, and he was about to fall under his horse, when his commander Khijra, saved him and separated him from the horse.

Timur, eventually, is said to have died from this wound when he reached Samarkhand.

The spearsmen and swordsmen of the enemy leapt on Harveer Singh Gulia, and he fainted from the wounds he received and fell.

He was from the village Badli, district Rohtak in Haryana, India. He was 22 years old when he fought this war with Timur. He was a strong and brave warrior. His attack caused the death of Timur.

At that very time, the Supreme Commander Jograj Singh Gujar, with 22,000 Mulls (warriors) attacked the enemy and killed 5000 horsemen. Jograj Singh himself, with his own hands, lifted the unconscious Harveer Singh Gulia and brought him to the camp. But a few hours later, the hero warrior Harveer Singh achieved martyrdom.

After the battle of Delhi, on his way to Haridwar, Timur was confronted, brutally harassed and completely plundered by the Jat Panchayat armies. It was so terrific that on his way back, Timur retreated via Saharanpur to avoid Muzaffarnagar. Timur describes:

“Jats are a robust race, demon-like in appearance and as numerous as ants and locusts, a varitable plague to the merchants and wayfarers” (Mulfuzat-i-Timuri, Elliot, III, 429)

2 of 2:            Timur Lame – Lessons of history:                                                     Shreepal Singh

We have read the valiant fight by Jats and others with Timur Lame to defend their country. Who was this Timur Lame and what did he do to India? Unless we have an information about the havoc that he caused in India, we would not be able to judge the worth of this struggle of these brave people of India.

So, here is a piece of history – relating to Timur Lame and recorded in Malfuzat-i Timuri (or, Tuzak-i Timuri), which was directed to be recorded none other than by Timur Lame himself. It is translated into English, and collated, from Persian and Turkic manuscripts by Elliot, and is available in volume three of the monumental work of eight volumes of “History of India as Told by its own Historians” collected and translated by Elliot and Dowson. What is the use of history? To know the truth in the time gone by; to learn from the past and not to commit the mistakes again that were committed in the past; and, to keep the history in mind and by learning from it and become wiser in the present. It is a learning – because the history is being constantly made in the present. This is the only use, this is the only purpose to study history. Else, it is nothing but hearing the dead tales of the gone-bye period.

What lessons do we learn from this piece of history?

The lessons are: Firstly, dangerous “ideas” hidden under the cloak of religion can be extremely destructive to the effected people; Secondly, when such ideas are entrenched in human mind, these human beings become “killing machine”, without any restraint of morality, or reasonableness or commonsense; Thirdly, it is the technology – war technology –alone that can save the effected people from such catastrophe, and nothing else.

In the times of Timur, it was a contest between “Timur’s soldiers on horses + surprise element brought by their fast mobility + their fanatic zeal converted into religious mission” and “Indian soldiers mostly with elephants + their complacency  of the brought by their peaceful life + a country already divided into Hindus versus Musulmans”; Fourthly, in today’s world and age, one must always remain vigilant of constantly making and unmaking of global geo-strategic formations along with developing and possessing the most advanced war technology; Fifthly, in today’s world and age it is not the bravery or courage alone but the quality and the kind of weapon one possesses that makes the difference in the outcome of a contest.

In so far as India is concerned, this country has already committed two mistakes in this respect. It has suppressed the truth – the history– from its young generation since independence; and, it has failed to learn anything from the past and provide means to avert such catastrophe once again.

We are faithfully reproducing here the relevent parts / sentences / words as found in this Timur’s autobiography.

“About this time there arose in my heart the desire to lead an expedition against the infidels, and to become a ghazi. …. but I was undetermined in my mind whether I should direct my expedition against the infidels of China or against the infidels and polytheists of India. ……My great officers told me that the inhabitants of Hindustan were infidels and unbelievers. …….

“When the edifying words of the wise men reached the ears of the nobles, all their hearts were set upon a holy war in Hindustan ……. I got ready for the invasion of Hindustan. I plundered and laid waste the country of the Afghanis …… and assaulted the city of Uch ….. I took it….. I obtained a booty of many sheep and some other things here (at Kator), and ordered that they should set fire to the houses and buildings of the city ……..having overpowered the infidels they put many of them to death …… I sent Ak Sultan to them with the message that if they would consent to submit unconditionally and would all become Musulmans and repeat the creed, I would grant them quarter, but otherwise I would exterminate them to a man……

“Numbers of them were slain, and 150 fell into our hands alive,who were afterwards put to death ……… I ordered my troops to attack on all four sides at once, to make prisoners the women and children, and to plunder and lay waste all their property. …. my nobles and troops …. putting to the sword the remnant of the infidels, consigned them to the house of perdition. They made prisoners of their women and children ………

“Daulat Shah and Shaikh Hussain Suchi, and Adina Bahadur …. after slaying many of the infidels they finally drank the sherbat of martyrdom. …..having arrived at the jungles in which these wretches, forsaken by fortune, had taken refuge. They dismounted, and entering the jungle slew two thousand of these ill fated Indians …. carrying of captives their women and children …….I accordingly ordered ,,,,, to bring out all the strangers they could find, with their property and goods. In execution of the order, they went into the town, and, driving out all the refugees, they brought them, with their property and goods, to my tent. …… and In confiscated all the money and valuables of these daring men for royal uses. ….. I ordered 500 men of Dibalpur (modern Karachi) to be brought to punishment, and their wives and children to be made slaves …….I gave instructions …. for realizing the ransom money ….. The infidels shut up their wives and children in their houses, to which they set fire, and they and their families were burned altogether; those who called themselves Musulmans, but who had strayed from the Muhamadan fold, killed their wives and children with the sword, and then boldly facing death rushed together into the fight. … The amir was alone and they were many, so these demons in looks and demons in temper seized him and were endeavouring to take him prisoner …… and thus they rescued their comrades from the hands of the gabrs. …… In the short space of time all the people in the fort were put to the sword, and in the course of one hour the heads of ten thousand infidels were cut off. …. I sent my cavalry in pursuit of them, and a great fight ensued. All of these infidel Hindus were slain, their wives and children were made prisoners ……. The soldiers then returned, bringing with them several thousand Hindu women and children who became Muhamdans and repeated the creed. ….. so some savage Turks entered the town and began plundering. Some of the inhabitants who resisted they put to death; the others were made prisoners. ….. I marched …… to a village called Tohana …… I learned that they were a robust race, and were called Jats. They were Musulmans only in name and had not their equals in theft and highway robbery. They plundered carvans upon the road, and were a terror to Musulmans and travellers ….. It was again brought to my knowledge that these turbulent Jats were as numerous as ants or locusts, and there no traveler or merchant passed unscathed from their hands. ….. My great object in invading Hindustan had been to wage a religious war against the infidel Hindus, and it now appeared to me that it was necessary for me to put down these Jats and to deliver travelers from their hands. …. I marched into the jungles and wilds, and slew 2000 demon-like Jats. I made their wives and children captives and plundered their cattle and property. …. wherever the people of any city, or village, or fort, made their submission and offered tribute, they (army of Timur) gave them quarter; but whenever any city or fort offered resistance they conquered it, put the inhabitants to death, plundered the goods and property, and divided the spoil among the soldiers. I approved and applauded them. ….. I had now come near to Delhi, the capital of Hindustan, and began to prepare for its conquest. …… The prople of Samana, and Kaithal, and Aspandi are all heretics, idolators, infidels, and misbelievers. They had now set fire to their houses and had fled with their children, and property, and effects, towards Delhi, so that the whole country was deserted. …..    (at page 431)

“………(Wait for the remaining part).

In Images: Subhash Bose, Provisional Govt of India & INA


Beaming Bose with J. L. Nehru (before leaving India)
Proclaiming formation of Provisional Government of India
Appeal of PGOI to Indians serving under the British enemy
Structure of the Provisional Government of India
Ministers of the PGOI
Insignia of Indian National Army
C-i-C Bose inspecting Rani Jhansi Regiment
Commander-in-Chief Bose takes Guards of Honors of INA
Bose as political leader in Singapore
Bose planning military action
Calling Indians under British to revolt (that made 26000 Indian-British soldiers ready for mutiny and forced Britain to leave India)
Bank notes issued by PGOI
Postal stamps issued by PGOI
British CiC writing Chinese war Officer of Chang kai Sek in Washington advising him to refrain mentioning in their Radio broadcasts Bose and Provisional Government of India
Membership card of one Shri Rampujan of Hair dressing saloon joining Azad Hind Workers League (Burma)
Newspaper reporting formation of PGOI under Bose
Newspaper reporting declaration of war by India (under PGOI) against Britain and USA
Parting letter of Bose to the cadets of INA
Achievements of Bose that forced Britain to grant freedom to India
Nehru shamefully refused to integrate INA soldiers into Army of “independent” India
Bose inspecting Cellular Jail on 20 November 1943 in liberated Andaman Nicobar Island – a piece of Free India

Electing Parliament: The On-line Way (1)


By: Shreepal Singh

It is reported today that the Election Commission of India is conducting a study for the feasibility of adopting an “On-line voting system” in India. It is a right decision on the part of the Commission. It is the first step towards a momentous decision to adopt such a system.   

The world is moving fast. And, the world is competitive. To keep a pace with this world, one has to move fast; a nation has to keep its eyes open, take hard decisions and take these decisions fast enough, be such decisions in the fields of economy, defence, foreign relations, internal peace and order or stability of the democratic system. 

And, this much is not enough. There is need to keep in check the obstructionist elements within the nation – be they individuals, group of people under any nomenclature, organs of governance like judiciary, executive or legislative or rebellious or secessionist movements – under the strict control of people, who are the ultimate sovereign. How can it be done?

We are republishing here an article, which was originally published on this website in 2013. This is the first article of a series dealing with this subject. Here we go.

Human beings, as they are at their present evolutionary stage, are mostly governed in their personal life by lower impulses, that is, their personal interests formed in ignorance of a higher or better light. In making their crucial decisions humans are not governed even by Mind, that is, reason. They put their lower self – their impulses – at the driver’s seat in making decisions and Mind is employed as an application to accomplish those objectives determined by this lower self. By and large, the majority of human beings are not intellectually a sufficiently accomplished lot. People gifted with mental accomplishments are, as always, still in short supply, in minority. This can be seen from the data of people around the world who made scientific discoveries and inventions. This is the state of human beings’ intellectual caliber at the present juncture that we have to deal with in finding a solution to the problem of managing the elements of drastic social change, a revolutionary change.

  The way out of this problem is to strike a right balance between the pragmatic need of a command center which can take initiative, control and execute the drastic social change and the pragmatic need of a transparent democratic mechanism that is capable to supervise, control, dismantle and replace such command center.

  The only way is to create a right balance between these two pragmatic needs. There was not a way out, till recently, to get out of this unfortunate human situation except by adopting either of the two approaches with all their respective weaknesses; that is, the spiritual or religious way – a preaching that you be morally good – that had played its due role in history but which now in modern times has no efficacy of results; or, alternatively, the Communist way that is tainted with violence and terror.

  Today information technology has come on the scene to solve this problem. It is possible now to employ this technology to ascertain the will of people in the matter of their self-governance. It is but natural that there would be opposition to this techno-legal reformation of democracy. But the change cannot be stopped for ever. Change is the way of history. But the matter does not end here. Obviously, the “vested interests” have their life or death at stake if the “genuine” will of people is allowed to be reflected in the matter of governance. And, there is bound to be bitter struggle on this score. How will it happen? Technology will bring more and more automation; and, such automation will bring in more and more concomitant unemployment, notwithstanding the fire-fighting measures adopted by the keepers of this social order to tame the ill effects of this unemployment. The unemployed population will more and more resent the present social order, which people would identify with this social order. And, if this population is allowed to express their will through technology, it would bring a “World Revolution” through democratic way. Any opposition by the keepers of this social order to this “Democratic World Revolution” would cause an unprecedented global turmoil, bringing in the “profound human moral issues” on the global center stage to be resolved by mankind. Such an eventuality will bring in an unprecedented contest between the “force of violence” and “force of the people’s power”.

  We are sure that, sooner or later, the technologically empowered peoples’ will would win. There will be a change; there will be the change of social order; there will be a drastic change in the social order, which will be to the benefit of people, that is, mankind.

  The whole world, through a very powerful international media controlled by capital, seems to cry hoarse that there is no economic exploitation any more today and that we all are living in a heaven where nothing but freedom reigns – freedom to speak, freedom of choice and freedom to all. It is nothing but a farce, a make-believe freedom, freedom to choose to work and get exploited. Humans deserve a better deal in the matter of their freedom. Humans are enlightened today; they are empowered by science today; they govern themselves through the political instrument of democracy today; all organs of power, viz., executive, legislative and judiciary, are subordinate to them; they are sovereign today.

  Then, what is the way out of this inhuman and immoral exploitation of human by human? The secret lies in the numerical strength of the “ordinary” people in our society. The secret lies in strengthening the democracy and purifying it – purifying it from the corrupt influence of money that is, capital, with the aid of modern information technology. The secret lies in demanding for the application of this technology for electing their representatives at their sweet will as the first step of the purification of democracy – and in the second phase using this technology for recalling their representatives at their sweet will. The secret lies in denouncing the “vested interests’ hoax” that such use of technology by people in constantly electing and recalling their representatives is impracticable.

It is but logical that technologically enabled democracy would truly empower the people and enable the majority to become the reigning class, with all its adverse economic consequences for the class of vested interest, who are in minority. It would ultimately prove to be a death-nail to the exploitative system controlled by money power. And, this all would be possible without shedding a drop of human blood!

How can this goal of a democracy purified by technology be achieved by people?

It requires three imperatives: firstly, educating the people so that they understand what is in their own interest, both economic and political; secondly, empowering them through the employment of technology in democracy; and, thirdly, advancing the cause of science by constant discoveries and ensuring technology’s ownership in the hands of people, as against its ownership in the private hands for being misused in exploitation of other human beings.

इतिहास का पन्ना – भारत उनका कर्ज न चुका पायेगा !


लेखक: नामालूम

तारीख थी 11 और महीना था नवंबर का और सन 1675। समय दोपहर का था और स्थान दिल्ली का चांदनी चौंक, लाल किले के सामने।
मुगलिया हुकूमत की क्रूरता देखने के लिए लोग इकट्ठे हो चुके थे, लेकिन वो बिल्कुल शांत  बैठे थे , प्रभु परमात्मा में लीन, लोगो का जमघट, सब की सांसे अटकी हुई थी। शर्त के मुताबिक अगर गुरु तेग बहादुरजी इस्लाम कबूल कर लेते है तो फिर सब हिन्दुओं  को मुस्लिम बनना होगा बिना किसी जोर जबरदस्ती के!
गुरु जी का होंसला तोड़ने के लिए उन्हें बहुत कष्ट दिए गए। तीन महीने से वो कष्टकारी क़ैद में थे। उनके सामने ही उनके सेवादारों भाई दयाला जी, भाई मति दास और उनके ही अनुज भाई सती दासको बहुत कष्ट देकर शहीद किया जा चुका था। लेकिन फिर भी गुरु जी इस्लाम अपनाने के लिए नही माने।
औरंगजेब के लिए भी ये इज्जत का सवाल था। समस्त हिन्दू समाज की भी सांसे अटकी हुई थी क्या होगा? लेकिन गुरु जी अडोल बैठे रहे।
किसी का धर्म खतरे में था धर्म का अस्तित्व खतरे में था। एक धर्म का सब कुछ दांव पे लगाथा, हाँ या ना पर सब कुछ निर्भर था।
औरंगजेब खुद चलके आया था लालकिले से निकल कर, सुनहरी मस्जिद के काजी के पास। उसी मस्जिद से कुरान की आयत पढ़ कर यातना देने का फतवा निकलता था। वो मस्जिद आज भी है, गुरुद्वारा शीस गंज, चांदनी चौक दिल्ली के पास।
आखिरकार जालिम जब उनको झुकाने में कामयाब नही हुए तो जल्लाद की तलवार चल चुकी थी, और प्रकाश अपने स्त्रोत में लीन हो चुका था। ये भारत के इतिहास का एक ऐसा मोड़ था जिसने पुरे हिंदुस्तान का भविष्य बदल के रख दिय, हर दिल में रोष था।  
कुछ समय बाद गोबिंद सिंह जी ने जालिम को उसी के अंदाज़ में जवाब देने के लिए खालसा पंथ का सृजन किया। समाज की बुराइओं से लड़ाई, जोकि गुरु नानक देवजी ने शुरू की थी अब गुरु गोबिंद सिंह जी ने उस लड़ाई को आखिरी रूप दे दिया था, दबा कुचला हुआ निर्बल समाज अब मानसिक रूप से तो परिपक्व हो चूका था लेकिन तलवार उठाना अभी बाकी था जो काम गुरू गोविन्द सिहं जी ने आरम्भ किया।
खालसा की स्थापना तो गुरु नानक देव् जी ने पहले चरण के रूप में 15 शताब्दी में ही कर दी थी लेकिन आखरी पड़ाव गुरु गोबिंद सिंह जी ने पूरा किया। जब उन्होंने निर्बल लोगो में आत्मविश्वास जगाया और उनको खालसा बनाया और इज्जत से जीना सिखाया। निर्बल और असहाय की मदद का जो कार्य उन्होंने शुरू किया था वो निर्विघ्न आजभी जारी है।
गुरु तेग बहादुर जी जिन्होंने हिन्द की चादर बनकर तिलक और जनेऊ की रक्षा की, उनका एहसान भारत वर्ष कभी नही भूल सकता । जरा एकांत में बैठकर सोचिये, अगर गुरु तेग बहादुर जी अपना बलिदान न देते तो आज भारत क्या होता?

Previous Older Entries

%d bloggers like this: