“Caste By Birth” – A Death-trap for Hindus in Hindustan

By: Shreepal Singh

As Christians or Muslims are communities bound by their own private common interests, so are Hindus in India a community bound by their own private common interests. Such common interests of communities may be based on many considerations. Religion is one of these considerations – and a very dominant consideration. More often than not, these private common interests are not only diverse but also play against each others interests. It is a commonsense hard fact, which needs no proof. All the laws put together, along with Constitution of India, cannot nulify this fact.

This fact of conflicting interests is founded on science – the science of psychology and the science of biology. Science tells us that humans as individuals – and as communities with common interests formed by these individuals – are driven by the basic animal instinct: the instinct to survive in the inter se struggle and dominate in the competition among them to safeguard their own interests.

Some of the common interests of these diverse communities may find in some respects in harmony with each other but it is not necessary that such common interests binding a community should always be in harmony with the rival interests of another community. Rather, more often, they clash with each other. In India it is particularly so. India is a house to multitude of rival communities with conflicting ideals and interests. It looks poetical and charming an ideal to declare in our Constitution “unity in diversity” but it is a bitter exercise to identify those diversities and point out them.

Though communities are formed of multitude of individuals but fortunately enough individuals still remain independent units. We all know that individuals are guided by their own interests,  perceptions and circumstances in taking decisions and based on those considerations they tend to migrate from one community to another community and change their sides. This creates a welcome kind of equlibrium and homogenity in an otherwise rift-torn society of any country.

In India, there are many communities bound by their religion – Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists (which are all Indic faiths), Muslims, Christians, Parsees, Bahais and Jews (which are Abrahmic in their origin). Out of all these religious communities, none except Muslims and Christians seek conversion of persons belonging to other faiths to their own faith. At this time, Hindus are in majority in India but as they do not seek conversion of others – and these two other religions seek and actively work to convert from others – Hindu are going to become less and less in the course of time. Statics show that, in fact, the percentage of the population of Hindus in India in comparison to these two religious communities has been steadily going down since 1947. It would not be wrong to label these two communities as the predetory ones.

But despite following an active program to convert others to one’s own faith, it is not necessary that such other individuals would be willing and ready to so convert themselves. This is the age of knowledge and people are intelligent and educated. People in India have freedom of conscience guaranteed by its constitution. They would prefer to choose and migrate to other faiths dictated by their intelligence.

One may say that, perhaps, Hinduism is intellectually the most appealing faith and very many people – Indians and non-Indians both – feel eager to join Hindu way of life and beliefs. But Hinduism has a problem here – this problem is not the intellectual one but of the selfish and petty vested interests of the so-called higher castes of Hindus, particularly Brahmins and Kshtriyas.

Hindus’ religious leaders – who traditionally come from Brahmin caste – love to inherit their alleged superior caste by birth as against allocated to them on the consideration of their Karmas (vocation). Any new immigrant to Hindu faith from other – and rival – faiths face the toughest problem of finding his caste in the new faith. A new entrant finds that here in Hinduism surnames, suffixes and prefixes are inherited by birth and recognised in Hindu society. This practice stinks and puts off the new immigrant. He or she finds that this Hinduism – its sacred books and its religious leaders – preach that a caste is determined by one’s Karma or avocation but practice it in the reverse direction by making a caste heritable by birth. He or she finds that even within the Hindu community itself, a supposedly lower caste member cannot get promoted to a supposedly higher caste, to which he or she may be entitled because of his or her ‘Karma’ or avocation – simply because castes in today’s Hindus are not allocated based on one’s avocation but are inherited by birth. In his or her eyes Hinduism becomes a mere hypocrisy. Because of this hypocricy, not only the willing new entrants to Hindu fold are put off in their new-found love for Hinduism, but even within the Hindu community itself an exodus of supposedly lower caste people to other faiths takes place in large number, which inflicts a mortal blow to the numerical superiority of Hindus in Hindustan.

This Hindu India has already suffered such mortal blows in North-eastern States, Kerala, South India States and in other places. For the great exodus of the so-called lower caste people from Hindu fold to Christian or Muslim faiths, these faiths cannot be blamed so much as Hindus themselves. Whatever Christians or Muslims are doing to convert Hindus to their faiths, is understandable – they are serving the best interests of their religions. Much blame is laid at the door of the Hindus themselves. Hindus have virtually closed their doors for the new entrants and opened their doors for leaving some of their members.

Caste by birth is a death-trap for Hindus in India. The world is moving very fast in 21st century and Hindus cannot afford any longer to do what they have been doing for thousands of years – inheriting castes by birth.

Hindus have almost already lost North-East India, South India, Kerala etc. and they are on the fast spree to lose their Hindu India bit by bit, because they refuse to outlaw the allocation of caste by birth. This vice – the death-trap of Hindus – is also reflected in the ‘Law of the Land’, i.e. Constitution of India. If any one defect in this Constitution is found, it is this: Caste in India is a reality and the Constitution does not recognize this reality. Abolition of Castes on paper is one thing and recognizing Castes and reforming them is another thing.

How can this situation be remedied? Is there any way out of this sorry state of affairs aflicting the Hindu community for thousands of years? Here is a proposal. It is a drastic legal measure. Is anybody listening?

The first thing required on the part of this country is to constitutionally recognise the reality of the existence of castes among Hindus in Indian society – instead of abolishing castes on paper. Let India face the reality, the truth. Suppression of truth is the worst thing to deal with it. The second thing that the Constitution should state is to recognise that all these castes in India are acquired by inheritence – by virtue of being born in a family. The third thing that is required is to make a provision to allow parliament to enact appropriate law to regulate the allocation of castes only on the basis of one’s avocation – Karma – and ban the inheritence of these castes by birth by making it a crime punishable by law. Once the existence of castes among Hindus is recognized and parliament is allowed to make law to reform it, its root (caste by birth) can be easily shaken, uprooted and destroyed.

Law should provide the aquision and change of a caste based on one’s vocation any number of times in one’s life. Then, merging of all castes and sub-castes into only four castes allowed by Hindu scriptures may be codified into a Hindu Caste Law.

These steps would shake the thousands of years’ old caste structure plauging India and pave the way to make castes insignificant in their utility, and pushing casteism to its death over a period of time. Also, this legal technique would put an end to the need of reservation in the name of bringing social equality and justice.

This measure would strike hard at two fronts: first against those who have vested interest in perpetuating the castes by birth and privilages associated with those castes. Secondly, it would strike at those who do caste politics, make castes a tool of historical retribution and want to continue (alleged lower) caste-formations for centuries to come, if not forever, and intend to break India along the caste-fault-line. This would be no mean achievement by India. After all, India has not been able to achieve this objective for thòusands of years despite heroic efforts made by Gautam Buddha, Shankaracharya, Swamy Dayanand, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Mahatma Gandhi, Bhimrao Ambedkar, Jyotiba Fule and many more like them.

It looks obvious that the ferocious opposition to such measures would come from these two segements: Firstly, from those who enjoy (the alleged high) caste-by-birth privilages; and secondly, from those who do (alleged lower) caste-by-birth politics and enjoy its sweet fruits. Let India ponder over these caste reformatory measures and save Hindus from their extinction in Hindustan.

1 Comment (+add yours?)

  1. Dr. J p jain
    Jun 11, 2019 @ 12:30:15

    All this is not required. Just find a way to abolish caste based reservations. There should be less and less of state. Let people live which they in any case continue to do despite all legislation, the way they want to live.
    The real problem is introduction and acceptance of the foreign word caste by the system and the universal thinking that it is unique to India and it is evil.
    The biggest example of caste is the royal family in Britain and let the intelligentsia spend their energies in disassociating the throne from the family



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