Non-farmers Kulaks on Warpath Against Farm Laws!

Parmanand Pandey, Advocate, Supreme Court (Secretary General IPC)

Sporadic agitations of some phoney farmers are going on against three farm laws at certain places, mainly in Punjab and Haryana. Needless to say, no stir is seen anywhere in India except in these two states, which is being spearheaded either by some political leaders or by some rich farmers. Nobody has so far been able to tell that in what way these farm laws are going to damage the cause and interests of the farmers.

As far as the MSP (Minimum Support Price) is concerned the government has unequivocally told the Parliament that it would continue to be retained. Farmers, in general of the country, have come to know that those who do politics in their names are insincere, dishonest to the core, and practically thugs. They do not represent even a fragment of the billions of Kisans of this country.

How has Medha Patekar become the leader of the farmers, whose role as the leader of Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA) has been scrutinised and denounced many times as she used this Andolan to hold the developmental work of the country a hostage?

It is common knowledge that today, for all practical purposes, 90 per cent Kisans of the country have been reduced to farm labourers because they have now been left with very small landholdings. Agriculture has become the most unremunerative calling for a very large number of farmers. They need to be emancipated from the clutches of the serfdom and that is how the farm laws are going to help them by encouraging pool farming.

As far as Mandi Samitis are concerned, the less said about them the better. Anybody having the basic knowledge of their functioning will vouchsafe that they have become the centres of corruption, where exploitation of the farmers and profiteering by the agents are more a rule than the exception. Why they have not been dismantled and wound up by the previous governments tell a very sad story about them.

Agriculture has also become a cloak for some big farmers or kulaks to evade the taxes because they show their other incomes as received from farming. The Government would, however, will do well to hold some parleys with some genuine leaders of farmers and address their problems. One of the problems is the purchase of the Kharif produces like paddy by businesspersons at much below the MSP and this is being done with the complicity of government-minions to create a cloud of frustration among the farmers.

Farm laws will, without doubt, help farmers in improving their economic condition provided they are properly implemented on the ground. In India tradionally farmers as a class have ever been poor and exploited lot. Why has it been so since 1947? Why did they need MSP all these years? Why at all? Why should there be not a change in the positive manner in their fortune, now after 73 years? They too need to become prosperous, like other classes of Indian people, and the new farm laws are the needed steps in that direction.

Sardar Patel’s Daughter Maniben Patel and Ungrateful Nehru

Maniben Patel was Sardar’s only daughter. When only 16 she switched to Khadi and worked in Gandhi Ashram! When 17 she put all her gold bangles, earrings Gold Wrist Watch and all ornaments & jewelleries in a bundle of cloth and obtaining her father’s nod, deposited them in Gandhi Ashram, for the cause of freedom.
All the garments Sardar used to wear after 1921 were woven out of the yarn made by Maniben.

Unlike Nehru’s daughter Indira, Maniben was a freedom fighter, who actively participated in the non-cooperation movement. In 1928, in the Bardoli Satyagraha she helped out Satyagrahis in camps. She was arrested and jailed in 1930 in the Salt Satyagraha! Thereafter, she was arrested and jailed on several occasions.

Defying ban in Bardauli, she was arrested in 1932, again re-arrested for defying ban in Kheda and sentenced to 15 months imprisonment and for arousing people in villages of Rajkot was arrested in 1938! Gandhiji complimented the girl that he had not seen another daughter like Maniben!

Under Gandhiji’s selective disobedience, Maniben was arrested in 1940 and was released from Belgaum jail in May 1941. When she again wanted to court arrest Gandhiji had prevented this frail girl for ill-health!

She got arrested during Quit India 1942 with Kasturba Gandhi and released in March 1944 and again re-arrested in May 1944 in Bardauli and was sent to Surat jail & then to Yervada jail! She didn’t marry and served her father till Sardar died in 1950!

Here is a shocking episode relating to Maniben based on various sources, specifically Dr Kurien’s autobiography: ‘I too had a dream’!

Sardar Patel had no bank balance or property! Even though he had substantial earnings as a very successful lawyer, he gave up everything after plunging into the freedom movement. He used to say: THOSE IN POLITICS SHOULD NOT HOLD PROPERTY, AND I HOLD NONE!
(Today Everybody in Congress may think Sardar a Big Fool)

When Sardar died, he kept nothing for his daughter! With Sardar no more she had to vacate the house! With no roof over her head and no money
Maniben had to fend for herself!

Obeying Sardar’s parting instruction, Maniben had gone to Nehru to hand over a bag and a book! Dutifully, she took an appointment with PM Nehru, she handed over the bag and the book to Nehru in person! The book was an account book! The bag contained rupees Thirty Five Lakhs! (It was 1950)!

After delivering both to Nehru, she waited a while! Nehru did not thank her! Nehru didn’t enquire what she would do! Nehru didn’t ask where she would stay! Nehru didn’t ask if she had any money on her! Nehru didn’t ask if she was in need of any assistance or help! Nehru didn’t ask, if he could do anything for her! Nehru, not to speak of sympathy, had shown absolutely no interest in her!

For him, after receiving the huge sum of Rupees 35 lakhs Maniben didn’t exist! And the Congress, having no character, were preoccupied in licking the boots of the Nehru family, which they continue with great fervor even today after seven decades!

Maniben went back to Ahmedabad to stay with a cousin the rest of her life, Forgotten by an Ungrateful Congress!

An Open Letter to Dr Manmohan Singh, Former Prime Minister

Rakesh Srivastava

Dear Dr. Manmohan Singh,

In an uncharitable attack on Prime Minister Narendra Modi last Sunday, you accused him of lowering the dignity of his office.

The reason was obvious. You secretly met a former foreign minister of Pakistan and its high commissioner at the residence of a party colleague, and now that it has become public, you don’t know where to hide your face. So you attack. That’s the only way out for you, considering the fact that this party colleague who goes by the name of Mani Shanker Aiyar, had not long ago sought the Pakistani establishment’s help to overthrow the Narendra Modi government in India.

That your laboured rationalisation for the meeting came after your party spokesperson Anand Sharma denied that any such meeting was held, says a lot about the agenda of the meeting.

You asked Prime Minister Modi to “show the maturity expected of the high office he holds,” forgetting that it is you who needs it more. That, however, is not the objective of my writing this open letter to you here. I’m writing this letter to tell you Dr. Singh, how you, have on numerous occasions lowered the dignity of the constitutional office of Prime Minister, when you were holding it.

Dr. Singh ! Let me tell you. Your new-found bravado is not going to change people’s perception about your incompetence as an administrator and impotence as a leader. Because they know. They know that:

  1. – The dignity of Prime Minister’s office was lowered when in 2004, immediately after you took over as Prime Minister, you created an extra-Constitutional body called National Advisory Council (NAC), just to create an office for your boss Sonia Gandhi. This helped Sonia enjoy perks of power at taxpayer’s cost, without being accountable to anybody in this country, neither to the Parliament nor to the President of India. The Prime Minister’s office was lowered Dr. Singh, when you let NAC emerge as a parallel cabinet that often overrode the decisions taken by the union cabinet which is the constitutionally mandated body to frame government policies.
  2. – The dignity of Prime Minister’s office was lowered in 2013, when Rahul Gandhi, a mere vice president of the Congress at that time, tore up an ordinance passed by your cabinet, at a crowded press conference. But your “insatiable desire” to enjoy the perks of power, did not let you resign as PM or seek Rahul Gandhi’s ouster from the party.
  3. – The dignity of Prime Minister’s office was lowered in 2005, Dr. Singh, when you as Prime Minister apologised to the nation for the anti-Sikh massacre of 1984. If anyone ever should have tendered an apology, it should have been members of Rajiv Gandhi’s family or the president of the Congress party which was Sonia Gandhi. But like a committed slave of your mistress, you provided her with an escape route and took it upon yourself to ask forgiveness of the Sikh community, even though YOU HAD NO ROLE WHATSOEVER in the genocide.
  4. – The dignity of Prime Minister’s office was lowered when in 2005, from the ramparts of the Red Fort, you declared that Muslims will be given special treatment by your government as they have the first right to national resources.
  5. – The dignity of Prime Minister’s office was lowered when you, after a meeting with the Pakistani President, General Pervez Musharraf, in Havana in September 2006, announced that like India, Pakistan too was a “victim of terrorism”, and that the terrorist violence in India was not being perpetrated by the ISI, but by “autonomous Jehadi groups.”
  6. – The dignity of Prime Minister’s office was lowered when in 2009, on the sidelines of the Non- Aligned Movement summit at Sharm el-Sheikh in Egypt, you gave legitimacy to Pakistan’s allegations about “India’s involvement in Balochistan” by signing a joint statement with Pakistan’s prime minister Yusuf Raza Gilani which committed “India to share information on any future terrorist threats in Balochistan.”
  7. – The dignity of Prime Minister’s office was lowered when the Pakistani prime minister Nawaz Sharif called you – the Indian Prime Minister – a “Dehati Aurat” in front of Indian journalists, yet your office did not register a protest.
  8. – The dignity of Prime Minister’s office was lowered when instead of taking action against your cabinet colleagues who were looting the exchequer, you patted and promoted them.
  9. – The dignity of Prime Minister’s office was lowered when your cabinet colleagues changed affidavits to save Islamic terrorists and frame innocent Hindus as ” Saffron terrorists.”

Dr. Manmohan Singh !

To defend your indefensible meeting with the Pakistanis, you ask Prime Minister Modi “why ISI was invited to the strategic airbase of Pathankot?” Your question looks ridiculous in the face of facts which are – a) The Pakistani team was not an ISI team as you claim it to be, it was a joint investigation team consisting of people from various fields; b) when the Pakistani team was visiting Pathankot for Investigation, the airbase was visually barricaded by NIA to prevent any view of its critical areas; and c) You’re forgetting Dr Singh that it was you in September 2006 at Havana, who gave ISI a clean chit by categorically saying that “the terrorist violence in India was not being perpetrated by the ISI, but by autonomous Jehadi groups.”

So, read your past statements before you speak, Dr. Singh!

You can no longer hide your complicity in the loot of exchequer which took place under your watch. The fact is that you are a greedy politician who can do anything to hold on to the seat of power, even if it means disowning your own mentor Narasimha Rao who shaped your political career; even if it means promoting the political career of a NINCOMPOOP by saying that he possesses “OUTSTANDING” qualities to become the PM of this nation.

Dr. Manmohan Singh! You are the MOST DISHONEST POLITICIAN this country has ever seen. Kudos for stooping to yet another low as if all your previous lows were not enough for all of us to hang our heads in shame.

History will not be kinder to you, as you once believed, Dr. Singh!

Thank you!

New Farms Acts and Dirty Politics

Parmanand Pandey, Advocate, Supreme Court (Secretary General IPC)

As it is said, “Better Late than Never” – yes, it is so for the farmers of India after a long wait of seven long decades. But, unfortunately, politics in the name of farmers is a flourishing and beneficial trade for the politicians and dalals in India. Otherwise, there is no reason why no drastic changes have been brought in the agricultural policy of India for decades. The number of small and marginal farmers is rising with every passing year and the load on the agriculture sector is increasing day by day. The need, therefore, is not only to modernise agriculture but also to offload it as much as possible. There should not be any doubt left in anybody’s mind that the opposition to three new Farm Bills recently passed by both houses of Parliament is specious and it is being orchestrated and motivated, not by genuine farmers, but by those intermediaries whose interests are getting hurt.

These politicians and middlemen have been reaping earning huge profits by fleecing the farmers and consumers. That was why there have been no takers for their protest marches and demonstrations organised on 25th September. The three Bills, which have been attracting the attentions are: Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Protection and Facilitation Bill, Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement and Price Assurance and Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill but only two points which are being thrown by the opponents are the MSP (Minimum Support Price) and APMCs (Agriculture Produce Marketing Committees), which opponents say will wither away by these Bills, which have since become Acts.

These Acts will facilitate and permit the farmers to sell theirs produces outside the Mandis (wholesale markets) regulated by Agricultural Produce Marketing Committees constituted by different state legislations. Many states have passed their own laws to mandate ‘agricultural trade’ through APMCs. Although the ostensible purpose of the APMCs was to ensure fair prices to be paid to the products of the farmers yet they have not only miserably failed in their objectives but have practically become the centres of corruption and the exploitation of the farmers.

Here are two examples, which I can cite with my own personal knowledge that how deep the corruption has gone down in in the APMC. There is one small wholesale grain market, (Mandi) in Kharkhoda in Panipat district of Haryana and another one that I am talking about is of the Azadpur vegetable and fruit Mandi of Delhi, which is considered to be one of the biggest Mandis of Northern India. Any person having even the elementary information about the functioning of these Mandis will vouchsafe that it is middlemen and profiteers with the help of the corrupt minions of Samiti, who rule the roost. Hundreds of trucks make a beeline every day particularly at Azadpur mandi to offload their produces but those who go through the intermediaries or by greasing the palms of the shenanigans of mandi they get priority, and others suffer and lose heavily. Moreover, if anyone wants immediate payment of the produces, he/ she has to cough up at least five per cent of the total amount to the rogues.

But the new Act now provides for the immediate payment. One can easily understand about those persons, who are standing against the new Acts. Farmers and consumers have been the ultimate losers till now which the new Acts will ensure that they are no longer exploited. These Acts permit the electronic trading of their produces. With heavy teledensity, the farmers are now well connected, and they can sell theirs produces online, which was well-nigh impossible in the APMCs.

However, the government has not completely done away with APMCs, they will continue to co-exist along with new arrangements. Minimum Support Price will not be the part of the Acts, as it exists even today, but that will continue to be announced by the government for different crops from time to time. Thus, we find that APMCs will not have suffocating dominance, which they have in the present circumstances. Therefore, it is abundantly clear that the bogey of the MSP and APMCs, is being created more by non-farmers than by farmers but that too is unfounded.

The new laws unshackle the farmers and give them the freedom to sell their products anywhere in India. Farming, to say the least, is not an attractive occupation. Nearly fifty per cent of farmers want to move out of it because it is becoming non-remunerative. Farm sizes are getting smaller day by day. The number marginal farmers have gone up in the last few decades and their condition is getting pathetic and is no better than those of the farm labourers. Tiny farms are the big hindrances in the modernization of agriculture. So, the contract farming will provide the good impetus for the modernization of the agriculture and the new Acts seek to encourage them but that will not be binding for the farmers as they will have the freedom to opt into or out of it.

Recently Harsimrat Kaur Badal wife of Akali leader Sukhvinder Singh Badal resigned from the Union cabinet of ministers opposing the new farm laws. Shri Badal has written an article in a newspaper, where he has simply expressed his fear that it will lead to corporatization. The farmers will get a good price to their yields for a few years and thereafter they will be exploited by the corporates. He has, however, given no reason or logic in favour of his contentions. He has forgotten the fact that the establishments of E-chaupals and E-procurement centres will go a long way in removing the roles of middlemen. The Essential Commodities Act was enacted decades ago to stop hoardings, but it has essentially hurt the farmers. They were not protected if the prices of potatoes or onions fell because they were prevented from taking them to other places for obtaining higher prices. Warehousing is so essential for the storage of the produces but that cannot be built by the farmers of small landholdings, so again the need for the contract farming hardly needs to be emphasized.

Be that as it may, these new farms acts, therefore, must be welcomed with open arms as they will remove the dominant roles of middlemen who have been holding the farmers to ransom without any qualms and compunction.

Four Castes: Bharat Series (8)

(Explanatory note at the end)

IN the long pilgrimage of the Jivatma through myriads of births, already referred to, there are four distinctly marked stages, called of old Varnas, or colours, and recognised in the social polity laid down by Manu as distinct social classes, or castes. These stages are universal, all Jivatmas passing
through them ; the peculiarity of the Sanatana Dharma is that it has made them the framework of its social polity.

In the early days the outer caste coincided with the stages : Jivatmas at each stage were born into bodies belonging to that stage, and the whole of society was therefore contented and progressive. But in these later days, as Arjuna truly foresaw in his distress on Kurukshetra, varnasankara, caste-confusion, has come on Aryavarta and her whole peninsula.

Jivatmas at each stage are being born into bodies of other
stages, and hence, as surely as content and progress arose out of the harmony of elder days, do disorder and stagnation arise out of the disharmony of the present. How a better state of things may be brought about is a question for men to discuss and resolve, not for inexperienced boys. What we need here is to understand the meaning of caste.
We have said there are four stages.

The first is that which includes the infancy, childhood and youth of the Jivatma ; he is unfolding youthful virtues, developing obedience,
serviceableness, patience ; he has few responsibilities ; his duties may be summed up in the word, Service. Where there is no caste-confusion, such
young Jivatmas are born only into the lower social stratum ; they are labourers, artisans, servants, manual workers of every kind. In the social polity of the Sanatana Dharma, such Jivatmas were born into the caste of Shudras.

In these days of caste-confusion, such young Jivatmas, whether born into the Shudra caste in India, or into the corresponding class elsewhere, are happy, contented and useful ; but where, as often happens now-a-days, they are born into higher castes, or classes, they do much harm to their surroundings by their incapacity to discharge higher duties, and to bear the weight of higher responsibilities. So also difficulties arise when older Jivatmas are born into the lower bodies, and fret against their environment, are discontented and rebellious.

Of course a really advanced Jivatma is content in any body, but the mediocre Jivatmas quite naturally and inevitably fight against uncongenial surroundings, and their restlessness is used by Ishvara to help on evolution and to bring about necessary changes. The second stage covers the first half of the Jivatam’s manhood, when he is fit to gain wealth, to enjoy it and use it, to organise labour and direct it, to undertake great responsibilities, and administer well accumulated possessions.

This includes the commercial class, the great traders, and the organisers of industry, the capitalists, bankers, the managers of large industrial concerns. In the social polity of the Sanatana Dharma, such Jivatmas were born into the caste of Vaishyas, and were trained in it gradually to see as aim the common good and the general prosperity, instead of mere personal aggrandisement.

The third stage makes the second half of the Jivatma’s manhood, when his responsibilities and powers widen out to include the nation, and he is called to legislate, to rule, to work unselfishly for the State, and to use his power to protect and to regulate, not to aggrandise himself. This includes kings, judges, legislators, warriors, all who rule and keep order in the State. In the social polity of the Sanatana Dharma, such mature Jivatmas were born into the Kshattriya caste, and bore the burden of kingship and of fighting for the national defence.

The fourth stage embraces the serene age of the Jivatma, when earthly things have lost their charm, and he becomes the counsellor and friend and helper of all his youngers. This includes the priests, the counsellors, the teachers of every kind authors, scientists, poets, philosophers. In the social polity of the Sanatana Dharma, such Jivatmas were born into the caste of Brahmanas, the advanced and unselfish ones who gave much and needed little.

Caste-confusion in India has struck this caste most hardly, as the degradation of the higher is always worse than that of the lower. The Shudra Jivatma in the Brahmana body is the greatest danger to the Sanatana Dharma.

Much of the evil has grown from men of each caste grasping at the work of the other castes, and from each thinking more of the rights his caste gives him than of the duties it imposes.

The Brahmana and the Kshattriya have claimed their pririleges ardently, and have shrunk from the heavy burdens belonging to their castes. Naturally this attitude provoked opposition, and antagonisms have
replaced mutual service and good-will. Hence caste has become a source of social bitterness, instead of a framework maintaining all in happy order.

At least this much every boy can do towards
bringing about a happier state of things : he can diligently practise the virtues characteristic of his caste, and avoid pride, vanity, and grasping at privileges. Let the Shudra be remarkable for his
industry, fidelity and serviceableness ; let the Vaishya be remarkable for his diligence, discretion and charity ; let the Kshattriya be remarkable for his courage, generosity and vigour ; let the Brahmana be remarkable for his patience, purity, learning, truthfulness and self-sacrifice. And it may
be that, if the castes thus practise their several Dharmas, caste-confusion may gradually pass away.

“The Br&hmana was His mouth ; the Kajanya was made His two arms ; His two thighs the Vaishya ; the Shudra was born from His two feet. “

8 c
“He, the Resplendent, for the sake of protecting all this creation, assigned separate karmas to those born of His mouth, arms, thighs and feet.
“Teaching and studying the Veda, sacrificing and also guiding others in offering sacrifices, gifts and receiving of gifts, these He assigned to the Brahmanas.
“The protection of the people, gifts, sacrificing, and study of the Vedas, non-attachment amid the objects of the senses, these He prescribed to the
“The protection of cattle, gifts, sacrificing, and study of the Vedas, commerce, banking, and agriculture, to the Vaishyas.
“The Lord commanded one karma only for the Shudras, to serve ungrudgingly these other , castes.”
“What is said as to the marks (of conduct) indicative of a man’s caste, if those marks are found in another, let him be designated by the caste of his marks (and not of his birth).”
“Not birth, nor Samskaras, nor study of the Vedas, nor ancestry, are the causes of being twice-born. Conduct alone is verily the cause thereof.”

“Truth, charity, forgiveness, good conduct, gentleness, austerity, and mercy, where these are seen, king of serpents, he is called a Brahmana.
“If these marks exist in a Shudra, and not in one twice-born, the Shudra, is not a Shudra, nor the Brahmana a Brhahmana.

“Where this conduct is shown, serpent, he is called a Brahmana ; where this is not, serpent, he should be regarded as a Shudra.”
“The Vedas help not the man that hath not righteous ways, even though they be studied together with all the angas. The Chhandas abandon him at the supreme moment of death, even as full-fledged birds their nest.
“To the Brahmana that is void of righteous ways, the Vedas, even in their entirety, and with all angas and all sacrifices too, can bring no more joy than a wife, lovely to see, can bring unto a blind husband. “

(Explanatory note: India, that is Bharat, is 80% Hindu. The very name Bharat is Hindu, as it is etymologically derived from the historical King “Bharat”. Indian civilization is the mother of Asian civilization. Almost entire Asia still carries this civilization in its blood, except in a few pockets of Asia where the Abrahmic religions have been able to make their inroads, primarily by the force of sword and by means of duping the innocent. Buddha is not an alien to but a part of this great civilization. This civilization is founded on the pillars of an ultimate one infinite force or law, which is manifested in many forms with the same essence. This civilization is aware of the evolutionary rebirth of each of these forms and enjoins a duty on sentient beings to do good karma, to reap its good or bad fruits according to what karma one did. This civilization has a profound literature that teaches humans what is right and what is wrong for them to do and makes them aware of the existence of invisible worlds of forces – good Devas and evil forces – that may give them a helping hand or obstruct them in their onward evolutionary journey to merge in that ultimate one force. India is overwhelmingly Hindu and it civilization is Hindu in essence, which has multiple branches of streams falling into it. It is highly elastic and amazingly accommodative. Like an old shoot with deep roots in the ground, instead of die-away, it is slowly spreading out around the world even in this 21st century. But how to put this civilization in a few words, with authenticity and completeness is a big problem. Here, we have found an amazing book that solves this problem. We are reproducing some parts of this book in this series of articles. This book is prepared and published by the “Board of Trustees, Central Hindu College, Benares” in 1916 under the title, “Sanatan Dharma – An Elementary Text Book of Hindu Religion and Ethics.” Benaras has been the seat of Hindu learning since ancient times and the board of trustees of this Central Hindu college was composed of persons who were highly learned in Hindu Shashtras. They were the epitome of knowledge in Hinduism. This book explains in concise form with authenticity what this civilization is. In this age of info revolution, all religions followed by humanity for one’s mental peace and relation with Divine are available online. It is wise on one’s part to know Indian civilization also and compare it with others, and choose the one that looks logical and better.)

Four Ashramas: Bharat Series (7)

It is very difficult to make Hinduism understandable for laymen and intellectuals alike with completeness but in a concise form and with authenticity. The reason for this difficulty lies in the fact that this ancient religion has a deep and logical philosophy that has an overgrown vast literature. A large number of sages – in the spirit of ancient saying, “The truth is one but wise say it differently” – have been since ages interpreting and re-interpreting its core contents and superstructure. This has made it rich in literature, which needs deep study and is a difficult job. In addition to that, many intellectuals have created confusion by adding their superficial opinions. This also has created a vast mass of an ignorant literature about this great and ancient religion. In addition to this confusion, there are many persons with Hindu-sounding names living in India and outside India who pose as experts on Hinduism and write about it but whose sole aim is to paint this religion as a dark ages thing. This series of articles on “Hinduism” has been borrowed with thanks from a book prepared and published by the “Board of Trustees, Central Hindu College, Benares” in 1916 under the title, “Sanatan Dharma – An Elementary Text Book of Hindu Religion and Ethics.” Benaras has been the seat of Hindu learning since ancient times and the board of trustees of this Central Hindu college was composed of persons who were highly learned in Hindu Shashtras. They were the epitome of knowledge in Hinduism. This book explains in concise form with authenticity what Hinduism is. Let us learn about true Hinduism:

Ashramas in Hinduism: NATIONS have characteristics, just as have individuals, and among the characteristics of the Hindu nation in old days were order and balance. The Sanatana Pharma stamped these
characteristics on the people, and thus shaped a very dignified type of man, evenly developed and well balanced. So much are these the characteristics of the true follower of the Sanatana Pharma, that Shri Krishna said : “Equilibrium is called Yoga.”

The large view of life taken in the Vedas is the root of these characteristics. All things exist for the sake of the Atma, the Self, and by his will. They exist merely to give him the experiences he desires to pass through. He wills to unfold his powers in the lower worlds, and to become the self-conscious Ruler of the outer realms of denser matter, as he is ever the Inner Ruler, Immortal. He is not in haste, being Eternal, and knows it best to take each experience in order, and thus to unfold symmetrically and harmoniously. This order is imposed by Ishvara, the Supreme Self, on the lower kingdoms of our world ; the seed, the root, the stem, the leaves, the flower, the fruit succeed each other in due order, and each has its place and its beauty in its season ; so also He imposes the stages of human life infancy, childhood, youth, maturity, old age ; this sequence man can- not escape from nor change ; but the unfolding Jivatma in man, clouded by the matter he has not yet mastered, pushes irregularly in various directions, led by Manah dominated by Kama, grasping at the things of one stage while yet in another, and so hindering his due evolution in each. The child would be a youth, the youth a man ; the old man grasps backward at the joys of youth ; thus life is robbed of its serenity and thereby of half its usefulness. In order to counteract this mistaken eagerness and lack of balanced order, the great Rishis marked out for the eldest-born family of the Aryan race the definite stages in the life of the individual from birth to death, and the definite stages in the life of the Jivatma in his long evolution through myriads of births and deaths. In each case these stages are four ; in the life between one birth and one death they are called Ashramas, resting-places dwellings : in the life passing through countless, births and deaths they are called Varnas, colours, or castes. We are concerned here with the Ashramas. As said, these stages are four: Brahmacharya, the stage of studentship ; Garhasthya, the stage of house- holdership; Vanaprastha, the stage of forest-dwelling, i. e., seclusion ; Sannyasa, the stage of total renunciation, i. e., asceticism. In none of these stages must the man grasp at the special duties of the other three: the student must not be a householder, a recluse, or an ascetic ; the householder must not be a celibate, a recluse, or an ascetic ; the recluse must not seek again the joys of the household ; nor must the ascetic long after the quiet attachments of the recluse. Each stage has its own duties and its own pleasures. Discharged and enjoyed each in its own stage, they lead to the orderly unfolding of the Jivatma; when the Ashramas are disregarded, his evolution is delayed. Now in modern days the Ashramas cannot be exactly lived according to the details of the ancient rules, the conditions having changed so much ; but if we get a clear idea of the fundamental duties of each, we shall still be able to shape the life to an orderly course of development. The life of the student begins with the Upanayana ceremony, his “second birth,” and from that time forward certain virtues must be striven for by the boy. He must be hardy and simple in his habits ; these virtues make his body strong and healthy ; he acquires them by rising early, bathing, eating moderately of plain food, taking plenty of exercise, not allowing himself to lounge luxuriously and idly. Contrast a boy who lives in this way with one who lies late in bed, who over-eats himself on sweetmeats and rich dishes, who takes little exercise, and spends much of his time lying on soft pillows. The one is alert, strong, hard-muscled, vigorous, active, and will be a strong healthy man: the other is heavy, flabby, fat, lazy or too thin and weak, and will soon be diseased and suffering. The student must also strive for the virtues of industry, obedience, humility and serviceableness ; youth is the preparation-time of life, and industrious study to acquire knowledge is absolutely necessary for useful manhood ; obedience is using the experience of his elders to guide his conduct, and saves him many a trouble in early life, and only he who knows how to obey is fit to rule here ( no ) after ; humility lifts him quickly, as all are willing to share what they have with the humble ; and
serviceableness in the narrow circle of the family and the school builds up the nature that will serve humanity. The student must be chaste in thought and act, a celibate in mind and body. He must guard his thoughts, for the boy who does not think impurity will not act impurity. He should not think of sex, nor yield to dtfy-dreaining. Only the pure in thought and in body can pass unstained into happy household life. The very name of the student is the Brahmacharl, which has come now to mean almost exclusively the celibate. Premature age, weakness, disease, race-decay, spring from student-marriage, against the ancient law. The household stage is entered at marriage when the youth has completed his school and college career, and is ready to take up the duties and responsibilities of household life. Of all the Ashramas this is the most important, for it supports all the others. The welfare alike of the family and of the nation depends on the house- holder, and their happiness and prosperity are in his hands. A good husband, a good father, a good master, a good citizen, is the noblest of men. The home is the school of unselfishness, compassion, tenderness, temperance, purity, helpfulness, prudence, industry, right judgment, charity. The qualities that make the good householder, when shown to his own circle in house and State, are the qualities that make the Sage and the Saint when shown to all. The degradation of the ideal of the householder has made modern life petty
and sordid, and the half entrance into it and the confusion of its duties with those of the student, caused by the modern evil of student-marriage has deprived the entry into it of its ancient solemnity and dignity. The plucking and eating of unripe fruit deprives the eater of its sweetness. Certain well-born but thoughtless Brahmana youths abandoning their homes before due time, went into the forests to lead a life of asceticism. Indra pitied them, and, assuming the form of a golden bird, taught them: “Follow the household life ! It is the field for the cultivation of virtues. It is sacred. Worship of the Devas, study, repayment of the debt to the pitris by the rearing of a family and helping on new lives as we have been reared and helped these are the austerest of penances. Bear the heavy burthen of the duties of the household ! They that run away from their work fall into sin. To eat the remnant of the food left after helping the needy is to eat the true remnant of sacrifice. When the householder sees his sons able to bear the full burden of his duties, when the signs of age appear, and his children’s children are round him, the time has come for him and his wife to surrender the headship of the home, and to retire from active life and worldly labour. A quiet and somewhat secluded life, given to study, to self-sacrifice for the good of others, to the counselling of the younger, such should be the third Ashrama in our modern days. Finally in old age a man may rightly enter the fourth Ashrama, that of the ascetic, passing his last days in meditation and worship, till he enters willingly the life beyond death, to reap the fruits of a well spent earthly life, hereafter to return for
further evolution.

” The student, the householder, the forest-dweller, the ascetic these, the four separate orders, spring from the householder. ” ” Having studied the Vedas, or two Vedas, or even one Veda, in due order, without violating celibacy, let him enter the household-order.

” When the householder sees wrinkles ( on his skin ), whiteness ( in his hair ), and the progeny of his progeny, then let him retire to the forest. ” Having passed the third portion of his life in the forest, let him abandon all attachments and wander ( as an ascetic ) the fourth portion of his life. “
“A twice-born man who seeketh Moksha without having studied the Vedas, without having produced offspring, and without having offered sacrifices, goeth downwards. “

“Over-eating is against health, long life, ( the attainment of) heaven and merit, and is disapproved by the world; therefore let it be avoided.”
“Directed or not directed by his teacher, let the student ever engage in study, and in doing services to his preceptor. ” Let the student refrain from wine, meat, perfumes, garlands, tasty and savoury dishes, women, acids, and injury to sentient creatures;

“From lust, anger and greed, dancing, singing, and playing on musical instruments, from dice-playing, gossip, slander and from untruth:

” Let the student always sleep alone, and let him not waste his seed; he who from lust wasteth his seed, destroyeth his vow.”

“As all creatures live supported by the air, so the other orders exist supported by the house-holder. ” Of all these (Ashramas), by the declaration of the Veda-scripture, the householder is the highest; he verily supporteth the other three.

 ” As all streams and rivers flow to rest in the ocean, so all the Ashramas flow to rest in the householder. “

” He that performeth such action as in duty, independently of the fruit of action, he is a Sannysi, he is a Yogi, not he that is without fire and without rites.

Invisible Worlds: Bharat Series (6)

(Explanatory note at the bottom)

The Worlds Visible and Invisible. WE all know one world, the world around us, which we can see, and hear, and touch, and taste, and smell. Science tells us of many parts of this world, which our senses are not keen enough to perceive, things too small for our eyes to see, too subtle to affect any of our senses. These parts of our world, which we cannot perceive but about which science tells us, are still physical, although invisible to us; they are parts of our world. Physical matter includes solids, liquids, gases, and ethers, all made up of atoms of the same kind.

But we have heard of other worlds, which are invisible and are not a part of this world, the worlds into which people go when they pass away from this earth by death. We read of the Triloka, the three worlds, and every one should know something about these, for in these three worlds the Jiva is bound to the wheel of births and deaths, and in these his evolution proceeds.

These three worlds are made at the beginning of immense period called a Day of Brahma, and perish at its ending. Four other great lokas, or worlds, complete the Brahmanda, but they last on through the life of
Brahma. We need not deal with them here.

There are also some sub-divisions within the great lokas, to which the same name of loka is given, such as, Pretaloka and Pitriloka in Bhuvarloka, and Indra-loka and Suryaloka in Svargaloka.

The three great lokas with which we are concerned, the Triloki, are: Bhurloka, the physical world, or the earth; Bhuvarloka, the world of “becoming” intermediate between the earth and Svarga; Svargaloka, the heaven world. Of these three, Bhurloka is partly visible and partly invisible
to us; Bhuvarloka and Svargaloka are invisible. In Bhurloka the Prithvi Tattva is the basis of all forms: it exists in seven modifications solid, liquid, gaseous, radiant, etheric, superetheric and atomic. These later four are spoken as “the ethers.” In Bhuvarloka seven similar modifications exist, but the basis is the Apas Tattva. In Svarga-loka there are also seven similar modifications, but the basis is the Agni Tattva.

The Jiva has three sheaths corresponding to these worlds the Annamayakosha, the Pranamayaskosha, the Manomayakosha. The Annamayakosha, or food- sheath so called because it is built up out of the food we eat corresponds with the visible part of the earth and is composed of solids, liquids and gases.

The Pranamayakosha or Prana-sheath, corresponds with the invisible part of our earth and is composed of ethers. Prana i.e. the life-energy, and includes all the forces that science calls magnetic and electrical, but is much
more than these. Both these sheaths are connected with Bhurloka.

The Manomayakosha, mind-sheath, has two parts ; the denser part, in which the passions have their seat, is connected with Bhuvarloka ; the finer
part, in which play the emotions and thought, is connected with Svargaloka.
Other names are used for these sheaths, according to the object for which the classification is made, but the student need not become confused
by these, for as he advances, he will find that his increased knowledge makes them quite intelligible. We will only notice three names very commonly used.

The sthulasharira, or solid body, is the same as the Annamayakosha, made of solids, liquids and gases. The Sukshmasharira, or subtle body, includes the Pranamayakosha and the Manomaya-kosha; in addition to these, it includes another kosha, the Yijnanamayakosha, the knowledge
sheath, which connects the Jiva with maharloka, a loka beyond the Triloka in which his pilgrimage is carried on, one which is not destroyed, though it is rendered uninhabitable, at the close of the Day of Brahma. This part of the Sukshmasharira, the knowledge- sheath, is relatively permanent, and
lasts through the series of births and deaths.

A table may make these two classifications, and their relation to the lokas, clear: Sharira. ……. irritation, and so on.

The Jnanendriyas have also their centres in the Sukshmasharira, while their organs eyes, ears, tongue, nose and skin are in the Sthulasharira.

Now let us see what happens at death. First, the Sukshmasharira is separated from the Sthula-sharira, the Jiva drawing it away by means of the
Pranamayakosha. This leaves the Sthulasharira a mass of “lifeless ” matter ; that is, of matter from which the life that held it together is withdrawn ; there is plenty of life left in the cells of the body, and they begin to break away from each other, but the ruling life is gone. The Jiva remains in his Sukshmasharira. Very quickly he shakes off his Pranamayakosha and has then the denser part of the Manomayakosha as his outer-most garment. He is then called a Preta, and is an inhabitant of Pretaloka. If he has been a very good man on earth, he dreams away happily while in this condition ; but if he has been a bad man, he suffers while a Preta, craving for the earthly pleasures which he is no longer able to obtain.

After a shorter or longer time according to the strength of these cravings and the consequent length of time needed for their exhaustion the
densest part of the Manomayakosha falls away, and he goes as a l’itii into Pitriloka. Having spent there sufficient time to purify the Manomaya-kosha from all elements unfit for Svarga, the Jiva in the purified Manomayakosha goes on into Svarga, and enjoys there the fruit he has stored up. When this is exhausted, the time has come for his return to earth, and the purified Manomaya-kosha dissolves away, leaving the Jiva in the Yijnanamayakosha. He quickly puts forth his power to form new vehicles, and creates a new Manomayakosha for his coming life in the lower worlds. The Devas build for him a Pranamayakosha and an Annamayakosha, according to his karma, and he is again born into Bhurloka.

These are the recurring stages of the Jiva’s pilgrimage : life in the visible world, death, life in the invisible worlds, re-birth. This is repeated time after time, time after time. At last, the Jiva grows weary of these three worlds, and longs for higher, subtler experiences and more expanded life; he turns away from all these worlds can offer him, and finds delight in meditation, in worship, in the compassionate helping of the weaker; he no longer uses his vehicles to gain pleasure for himself, but only to do service to others, and, so used, they can no longer imprison him. He dwells in the higher lokas, guiding his lower vehicles as his instruments in the lower worlds, and becomes a co-worker with Ishvara, either retaining his vehicles for service or throwing them away and entering into Brahman.

” Now verily there are three worlds the world of men, the world of the Pitris, the world of the Pevas.”

“For certain is death for the born, and certain is birth for the dead ; therefore over the inevitable thou shouldst not grieve.

” Beings are unmanifest in their origin, manifest in their midmost state, Bhiirata, unmanifest in their dissolution : what room then for lamentation ?
” The people who know the Day of Brahma, a thousand Yugas in duration, and the Night, a thousand Yugas in ending, they know day and night.

“From the unmanifested all the manifested stream forth at the coming of Day ; at the coming of Night they dissolve, even in that called the un-

” The knowers of the three (Veda), the Soma drinkers, the purified from sin, worshipping Me with sacrifice, pray of Me the way to Svarga; they ascending to the holy word of the Deva Indra, enjoy in heaven the divine feasts of the Devas.

” Having enjoyed the spacious Svarga-world,their holiness withered, they come back to this world of death. Following the virtues enjoined by the three (Yedas), desiring desires, they undergo this passage to and fro.”

” At the end of many births the man full of wisdom cometh unto me :

‘ Vasudeva is all,’ saith he, the Mahatma, very difficult to find.”

(Explanatory note:

Karma: Bharat Series (5)

(Explanatory note at the bottom) 

KARMA is a Sanskrit word which means action, but it is generally used to mean a certain definite connection between what is being done now and what will happen in the future. Things do not happen by accident, by chance, in a disorderly way. They happen in regular succession ; they follow each other in a regular order. If a seed is planted in the ground, it sends up a little stem, and leaves grow on the stem and the flowers come, and then fruits, and in the fruits are seeds again. And one of these seeds planted will
produce a stem, and leaves, and flowers and fruits and seeds. The same sort of seed produces the same kind of plants. Rice produces rice-plants; barley produces barley; wheat produces wheat; thistle produces thistle; cactus produces cactus. If a man sows thistles, he must not expect a crop of sweet grapes; if he plants prickly cactus, he must not expect to gather juicy apples.


Rebirth: Bharat Series (4)

(Explanatory note at the bottom) 

THE evolution spoken of in the last chapter is carried on by the Jiva passing from body to body, the bodies improving as his powers unfold; this is called re-birth, re-incarnation, or transmigration. The word re-incarnation means literally taking flesh again, coming again into a physical body. The word transmigration means passing from one place to another passing into a new body. Either word can be used equally well. Let us see what is the process described by these words.

The Jiva, we have seen, is a portion of Brahman, “a portion of myself, a Jiva,” says Shri Krshna. He contains the powers of Brahman, is Brahman.
“Thou art That,” the Shruti teaches. But yet there is a difference in Space and Time, as the seed is different from the tree. The tree produces a seed, giving it its own nature; it drops the seed on the ground, and the seed slowly grows, putting out its hidden powers, until it becomes a tree like its
parent; it can become nothing else, because its nature is the same as that of the parent. And so with the Jiva; like a seed he is dropped into matter by
Ishvara, he slowly grows, putting out his hidden powers, until he becomes Ishvara; he can become nothing else, because his nature is the same as that
of his Parent, Ishvara.

Ishvara is said to be wise and powerful, Jiva to be unwise and powerless; but the Jiva grows into wisdom and power, and that growth is what is called Evolution. We have seen that the Jiva begins in the mineral kingdom his long pilgrimage through the physical world. At that stage he is unconscious of the outer world. His attention is called to it, its existence is forced on him, by violent shocks and blows from outside ; earthquakes, volcanoes, landslips, the rolling of the furious surf, these and many other violent agencies arouse the Jiva’s attention to the fact that he is not alone, that there is something outside him. If the student reads the ac- counts of the very early periods of the earth’s history, he will be struck by the number of big
catastrophes ; all these were necessary to awaken the Jivas.

After a very very long time, the Jivas were sufficiently awake to be fit for softer and more flexible bodies than minerals, and they went on into plants, while others, coming out later from Ishvara, took their places in the mineral kingdom. The Jivas in the plants now became more conscious of the outer world, feeling the warm sun, and the gentle breezes, and the life-giving rain. As they grew older and more sensitive, they passed into the longer-lived plants, such as shrubs and trees, and in these more of their inner powers unfolded, till they were ready to go on into the animal kingdom,
while the younger ones came on into the vegetable kingdom, and others still younger into the minerals.

And now in the animal kingdom the Jivas got on much faster, and by hunting for food, and fighting and outwitting each other, the senses and the
simple mental powers were brought out and strengthened ; until at last the animal forms were no longer good enough for them, and they needed the
human in order that their evolution should not stop.

The student may ask : What makes the forms evolve to suit the Jiva ? The Jiva’s own efforts. He wants to look out through the wall of matter that encloses him ; he tries to see, and his out-ward going energy works on the wall, and slowly, very very slowly, evolves an eye ; and so with all the senses and all the organs. The senses are pierced from within outwards, we are taught.

The Jiva shapes them all to suit himself, so that he can use his powers in the outer world, and the Devas help him by giving him material that are suited to the organ he wants to build. When he is trying to see, Agni gives him
some of his own fiery matter, which vibrates when touched by rays of light. When he wants to taste, Varuna gives him some of his own watery matter,
which makes tasting possible. And so on. In this way he makes his bodies, and when he has shaped one as much as he can, and it is of no further use to him, he throws it away and makes another. He evolves faster and faster as he goes on, because his powers, as they work more freely, can bring about results much more quickly than in the earlier stages.

This is the general process of evolution, and the succession has been told about as though it were unbroken, so that the student may grasp the main
idea. But, in nature, while the general stream is onwards, there are many little twists and turnings and runnings up into bye-ways. A Jiva may slip
backwards for a time, stay a while in a stage that he has long left behind him. There is something he has not quite learned, some power he has not
quite evolved, and he falls by this into a lower stage again as a boy at school, if he were idle, might be put back into a lower class. A Jiva which has reached the human stage may be attached to an animal, or to a plant, or, if he be very tamasic, even to a stone, till he has learned to use the human form better. Then he is like a man in prison, shut out from human society, and unable to use his human powers, for want of freedom.

But the Jiva is not to be tied for ever to the wheel of births and deaths. The ropes that tie him to this wheel are his desires. So long as he desires objects that belong to this earth, he must come back to this earth in order to possess and enjoy these objects. But when he ceases to desire these objects, then the ropes are broken, and he is free. He need not be born any more; he has reached liberation. He is then called a Mukta, a free Jiva.

Often Muktas remain in this world to help its progress, so that other Jivas may get free sooner than they otherwise would. We read about such Muktas in the Vedas and Puranas and the Itihasa; sometimes they are great Rishis or Kings, and sometimes they are quite simple people. But what- ever they may be in outside appearance, they are pure and unselfish and calm, and live only to help others. They are content to labour for the good of the world, and they know that they are one with Ishvara.

(Quotes of authorities translated from Sanskrit):

“As the dweller in the body experienceth, in the body, childhood, youth and old age, so passeth he on to another body. The steadfast one grieveth not thereat.”

“These bodies of the embodied One who is eternal, indestructible find boundless, are known as finite. Therefore fight, Bharata.”

“He who regardeth this as a slayer, and he who thinketh he is slain, both of them are ignorant. He slayeth not, nor is he slain.”

“He is not born, nor doth he die: nor, having been, ceaseth he any more to be; unborn, perpetual, eternal and ancient, he is not slain when the body is slaughtered.”

“Who knoweth him indestructible, perpetual, unborn, undiminishing, how can that man slay, Partha, or cause to be slain ?”

“As a man, casting off worn-out garments, taketh new ones, so the dweller in the body, casting off worn-out bodies, entereth into others that are new.”

“This dweller in the body of every one is ever invulnerable, Bharata. Therefore thou shouldst not grieve for any creature.”

“As a goldsmith, having taken a piece of gold, maketh another form, new and more beautiful, so verily the Atma, having cast off this body and
having put away Avidya, maketh another new and
more beautiful form.”

“He who acteth placing all actions in Brahman, abandoning attachment, is unaffected by sin, as a lotus leaf by the waters.”

“Yogis, having abandoned attachment, perform action only by the body, by the mind, by the reason, and even by the senses, for the purification of the self.”

“The harmonised man, having abandoned the fruit of action, attaineth to the eternal peace; the non-harmonised, impelled by desire, attached to
fruit, are bound.”

“Sages look equally on a Brahinana adorned with learning and humility, a cow, an elephant, and even a dog and an outcaste.”

“Even here on earth they have conquered the universe whose mind remains balanced. Brahman is incorruptible and balanced; therefore they are established in Brahman.”

“One should neither rejoice in obtaining what is pleasant, nor sorrow in obtaining what is unpleasant; with Reason firm, un perplexed, the Brahman- knower (is) established in Brahman.”

“He whose self is unattached to external contacts, and findeth joy in the Self, having the self harmonised with Brahman by yoga, enjoyeth happiness exempt from decay.”

“He who is happy within, who rejoiceth within and who is illuminated within, that yogi, becoming Brahman, goeth to the Nirvana of Brahman.

“Rishis their sins destroyed, their duality removed, their selves controlled, intent upon the welfare of all beings, obtain the Nirvana of Brahman.”

“The Nirvana of Brahman lies near to those who know themselves, who are disjoined from desire and passion, subdued ascetics, of controlled mind.”

(Explanatory note: India, that is Bharat, is 80% Hindu. The very name Bharat is Hindu, as it is etymologically derived from the historical King “Bharat”. Indian civilization is the mother of Asian civilization. Almost entire Asia still carries this civilization in its blood, except in a few pockets of Asia where the Abrahmic religions have been able to make their inroads, primarily by the force of sword and by means of duping the innocent. Buddha is not an alien to but a part of this great civilization. This civilization is founded on the pillars of an ultimate one infinite force or law, which is manifested in many forms with the same essence. This civilization is aware of the evolutionary rebirth of each of these forms and enjoins a duty on sentient beings to do good karma, to reap its good or bad fruits according to what karma one did. This civilization has a profound literature that teaches humans what is right and what is wrong for them to do and makes them aware of the existence of invisible worlds of forces – good Devas and evil forces – that may give them a helping hand or obstruct them in their onward evolutionary journey to merge in that ultimate one force. India is overwhelmingly Hindu and it civilization is Hindu in essence, which has multiple branches of streams falling into it. It is highly elastic and amazingly accommodative. Like an old shoot with deep roots in the ground, instead of die-away, it is slowly spreading out around the world even in this 21st century. But how to put this civilization in a few words, with authenticity and completeness is a big problem. Here, we have found an amazing book that solves this problem. We are reproducing some parts of this book in this series of articles. This book is prepared and published by the “Board of Trustees, Central Hindu College, Benares” in 1916 under the title, “Sanatan Dharma – An Elementary Text Book of Hindu Religion and Ethics.” Benaras has been the seat of Hindu learning since ancient times and the board of trustees of this Central Hindu college was composed of persons who were highly learned in Hindu Shashtras. They were the epitome of knowledge in Hinduism. This book explains in concise form with authenticity what this civilization is. In this age of info revolution, all religions followed by humanity for one’s mental peace and relation with Divine are available online. It is wise on one’s part to know Indian civilization also and compare it with others, and choose the one that looks logical and better.)

‘One’ God but ‘Many’ forms: Bharat Series (3)

(Explanatory note at the bottom) 

(From One to) The Many. When Ishvara shines out on Prakriti and makes it fall into shapes, the first Forms that appear are those of the Tri-murtih, the three Aspects of Ishvara, manifested to cause a Brahmandam, literally an Egg of Brahma, a universe, or orderly system of worlds. The aspect of Ishvara in which He creates the worlds is named Brahma ; Brahma is the Creator.

The aspect of Ishvara in which He preserves, takes care of, and maintains the worlds is named Vishnu; Vishnu is the Preserver.

The aspect of Ishvara in which He dissolves the worlds, when they are worn out and of no further use, is named Shiva, or Mahadeva ; Shiva is the Dissolver of the worlds.

These are the first manifestations of Ishvara, His Supreme Forms, His three Aspects, or Faces.

The One, the Saguna Brahman, or the Supreme Ishvara, appears as Three. Brahma, the Creator, shapes matter into seven Tattvani, Elements, as they have been called. Different names are given to the first two ; (The western chemist uses the word in a different sense, but the old meaning is the one we are concerned with) we may use the names Mahat-Buddhi, Pure Reason, and Ahamkara, Egoism, the principle of separation, breaking up matter into tiny particles, called atoms. Then come the remaining five Tattvas : Akasha, Ether ; Vayu, Air ; Agni, Fire ; Apa, Water ; Prithivi, Earth.

This is called the creation of the Bhutadi, Elements, and out of these all things are partly made. There is more of Tamo-guna than of Rajo-guna and of Sattva-guna showing itself in these elements, and so the things composed chiefly of them are dull and inert ; the inner life, the Jiva, cannot show its powers, for the coat of matter is so thick and heavy. Next after the Elements, the ten Indriyas are created ; these were at first only ideas in the mind of Brahma, and later were clothed in the Elements ; they are the five centres of the senses : smell, taste, sight, touch, hearing, the organs of which are the nose, tongue, eyes, skin and ears ; and the five centres of action, the organs of which are hands, feet, and those of speech, generation and excretion. There is more of Rajo-guna than of Tamo-guna and of Sattva-guna shewing itself in these Indriyas, so they are very active, and the inner life, the Jiva, can show more of its powers in them.

After the Indriyas, Brahma created in His mind the Devas who are connected with the senses, and also Manah, the mind, which is sometimes called the sixth Indriya, when the first five are spoken of, and the eleventh, when the ten are taken : because it draws into itself and arranges and thinks over all the sensations collected by the indriyas from the outer world. There is more of Sattva-guna than of Tamo-guna and of Rajo-guna showing itself in these Deities and Manah. The student must remember that these gunas are never separated, but one guna may be more dominant than another in any particular being. When Tamo-guna dominates, the being is called tamasik ; when Rajo-guna dominates, the being is called rajasik ; when Sattva-guna dominates, the being is called sattvik. All things may be divided under these three heads of sattvik, rajasik, and tamasik.

Brahma next created in His mind the hosts of Devas, who carry out, administer the laws of Ishvara, and see to the proper management of all the worlds. Ishvara is the King, the One Lord, and the Devas are His ministers, like the ministers and officials of an earthly king. The students must never
confuse the Devas with the supreme Ishvara, with Brahman. They are His higher officials for the Brahmanda, as we men are His lower officials for
this one particular world.

The Devas, sometimes called Suras, see that each man gets what he has earned by his karma. They give success and failure in worldly things, according to what a man deserves ; they help men in many ways, when men try to serve them, and much of the bad weather and sickness and famine and other national troubles come from men entirely neglecting the duties they owe to the Devas. The Devas are a vast multitude, divided under their five Rulers, Indra, Vayu, Agni, Varuna and Kubera.

Indra has to do with the ether ; Vayu with the air ; Agni with the fire : Varuna with the water ; Kubera with the earth. The Devas under each have different names, as we see in the Puranas and the Itihasa. The student may have read, for instance, how Bhima fought with the Yakshas, who were the servants of Kubera. In these Devas the Rajo-guna dominates ; Manu says that their ” nature is action.”

The Asuras, the enemies of the Devas, embody the resistance, or inertia, of Matter, and in them Tamo-guna is predominant.

Brahma then created in His mind minerals, plants, animals and men, thus completing the picture of the worlds wherein the unfolding of the
powers of the Jiva what is now called Evolution was to take place. In Sanskrit this world-evolution, or world-process, is called Samsarah, and it is compared to a wheel, constantly turning, on which all Jivas are bound.

Thus Brahma completed His share of the great task of a universe, but the forms needed, to be clothed in physical matter, to be made active beings ; this was the work of Vishnu, the All-pervader, the Maintainer and Preserver of the worlds.

He breathed His Life into all these forms, and, as a Purana says, became Prana in all forms and gave them consciousness. Then all the Brahmanda “became full of life and consciousness.” But even this was not enough, when man came upon the scene. Two Aspects of Ishvara had given Their Life, but the third Aspect remained, the One who dissolves forms and thus liberates the Jivas, calling them to union and bliss. The life of Mahadeva must be poured out to complete the triple Jiva of man, that he might be the perfect reflexion of the triple Ishvara. This was done, and the human Jiva began his long evolution, having already passed through, evolved through, the mineral, vegetable and animal kingdoms in previous kalpas.

A very beautiful description of the evolution through plants and animals to men, until “in man Atma is manifest,” and ” by the mortal he desires the immortal,” may be read by elder students in the Aitareyaranyaka and will be found in the Advanced Text-Book.

The special manifestations of Vishnu, called Avataras, must not be forgotten. The word means One who descends, from “tri” passing over, the prefix “ava” giving the significance of descending. It is applied to Divine manifestations of a peculiar kind, in which the Deity incarnates in some form to bring about some special result. When things are going badly with the world, and special help is needed to keep the world on the road of right evolution, then Vishnu comes down in some appropriate form, and puts things right.

Ten of His Avataras are regarded as more important than the others, and are often spoken of as “the Ten Avataras”.

1. Matsya, the fish. Vaivasvata Manu once saw a little fish, gasping for water, and put it into a bowl ; it grew, and He placed it in a larger pot,  then again in a larger, and then in a tank, a pondr a river, the sea, and ever the Fish grew and filled its receptacle. Then the Manu knew that this Fish was connected with His own life-work, and when the time came for Him to save the seeds of life from a great flood, He entered a ship with the Rishis and the necessary life- seeds, the great Fish appeared, and drew the vessel to the world where lay the Manu’s work. With the coming of the Fish began the great evolution of animal life in the world.

2. Kurma, the Tortoise. As the tortoise, Vishnu, supported the whirling mountain, which churned the great sea of matter, that it might give forth the necessary forms. The Tortoise is the type of the next great step in evolution.

3. Varaha, the Boar. The earth was sunk below the waters, and Vishnu raised it up, giving, in the Boar, the type of the great mammalian kingdom which was to flourish on the dry land. Modern Science recognizes these three great stages of evolution, each marked in Hinduism by an Avatara.

4. Narasimha, the Man-Lion. This was the Avatara that came to free the earth from the tyranny of the Daityas. Into this race a child, Prahlada was born, who from earliest childhood was devoted to Vishnu, despite the threats and the cruelties of his Diatya father. Over and over again the father tried to slay the son, but ever Vishnu intervened to save him ; at last He burst from a pillar in the form of a Man- Lion, and slew the Daitya King.

5. Vamana, the Dwarf. At last He came as man, to aid the evolution of the human race, and gained from Bali the right to all He could cover, in three steps ; one step covered the earth, and thus He won for man the field of his evolution.

6. Parashurama, Rama of the Axe. This Avatara came to punish such of the Kshttriyas as were oppressing the people, and to teach bad rulers the danger of using power to tyrannise, instead of to help.

7. Rama, usually called Ramachandra, the son of Dasharatha. He, with His three brothers, came as the ideal Kshattriya, the model King, and He serves as an example of a perfect human life. An obedient and loving son, a tender husband, an affectionate brother, a gallant warrior, a wise ruler, a diligent protector of His people, He is emphatically The Perfect Man. His splendid story is told in Valmiki’s Ramayana, and the lovely version of Tulsi Das is known in every northern Indian home.

8. Krishna, the manifestation of Divine Love and Wisdom, worshipped by myriads with intense devotion. As the marvellous child of Vraja and Vrindavana, as the friend of Arjuna, as the speaker of the Bhagavad-Gita, as the wise counsellor of the Pandavas, as the adored of Bhishma what Indian boy does not know His story ? He is the central Figure of the Mahabhartam and His Life is traced in several Puranas.

9. Buddha, the gentle prince who gave up throne and luxury to become a travelling mendicant, Teacher of the Truth. He is known as Shakyamuni, as Gautama, as Siddhartha, and is the founder of a mighty faith, followed by millions of the human race. In him Vishnu teaches vast multitudes of non -Aryan peoples.

10. Kalki the Avatara who shall close the Kali Yuga, and whose coming is yet in the future. When He comes, the Satya Yuga, will return to earth, a new cycle will begin. The development and perfection of the human type is indicated by these Avataras.

(Quotes of authorities translated from Sanskrit):

” Within Thy Form, O God, the Gods I see, All grades of being with distinctive marks ; Brahma the Lord, upon His lotus-throne, The Rishis all, and Serpents, the Divine.  Rudras, Vasus, Sadhyas and Adityas, Vishvas, the Ashvins, Maruts, Ushmapas, Gandharvas, Yakshas, Siddhas, Asuras, In wondering multitudes beholding Thee.” (Bhagvad Gita Xi, 15, 22)

“Indra, Mitra, Varuna, Agni, they call him, and He is the radiant golden-feathered Garutman, Of Him who is one, Sages speak as manifold ; they call him Agni, Yama, Matarishva.” (Rigveda, I, clxiv, 46).

“All the Gods (are) even the Self : all rests on the Self.” (Manusmirti xii, 119).

“Some call Him Agni, others Manu, (others) Prajapati, some Indra. others Life -Breath, others the eternal Brahman.” (Manusmirti xii, 124).

“As from a blazing fire sparks, all similar to each other, spring forth in thousands so from the Indestructible, beloved, various types of being are born, and they also return thither”

“From That are born Breath, Mind, and all the Senses, Ether, Air, Fire, Water, and Earth, the support of all”

“From that in various ways are born, the Gods, Sadhyas, Men, Beast, Birds.”

“From Sattva wisdom is born, and also greed from Rajah ; negligence and delusion are of Tamah, and also unwisdom.”

“They rise upwards who are settled in Sattva ; the Rajasic dwell in the midmost place. The Tamasic go downwards, enveloped in the vilest
“Sattva attacheth to bliss, Rajas to action,*Bhagavad-Gita xiv, 17.

Bharata. Tamalj, verily, having shrouded wisdom, attacheth on the contrary, to heedlessness. (Now) Sattva prevaileth, having overpowered Rajah and Tamak, Bharata ; (now) Rajah (having overpowered) Tamas and Sattva, (now) Tamas, (having overpowered) Rajah and Sattva.

“When the wisdom-light streameth forth from all the gates of the body, then it may be known that Sattva is increasing.

“Greed, outgoing energy, undertaking of actions, restlessness, desire these are born of the increase of Rajah, best of the Bharatas.

“Darkness, stagnation and heedlessness, and also delusion these are born of the increase of Tamah, joy of the Kurus.”

“When dharma decays, when adharma is exalted then I Myself come forth;
For the protection of the good, for the destruction of evil-doers, for firmly establishing dharma, I am born from  age to age.

(Explanatory note: India, that is Bharat, is 80% Hindu. The very name Bharat is Hindu, as it is etymologically derived from the historical King “Bharat”. Indian civilization is the mother of Asian civilization. Almost entire Asia still carries this civilization in its blood, except in a few pockets of Asia where the Abrahmic religions have been able to make their inroads, primarily by the force of sword and by means of duping the innocent. Buddha is not an alien to but a part of this great civilization. This civilization is founded on the pillars of an ultimate one infinite force or law, which is manifested in many forms with the same essence. This civilization is aware of the evolutionary rebirth of each of these forms and enjoins a duty on sentient beings to do good karma, to reap its good or bad fruits according to what karma one did. This civilization has a profound literature that teaches humans what is right and what is wrong for them to do and makes them aware of the existence of invisible worlds of forces – good Devas and evil forces – that may give them a helping hand or obstruct them in their onward evolutionary journey to merge in that ultimate one force. India is overwhelmingly Hindu and it civilization is Hindu in essence, which has multiple branches of streams falling into it. It is highly elastic and amazingly accommodative. Like an old shoot with deep roots in the ground, instead of die-away, it is slowly spreading out around the world even in this 21st century. But how to put this civilization in a few words, with authenticity and completeness is a big problem. Here, we have found an amazing book that solves this problem. We are reproducing some parts of this book in this series of articles. This book is prepared and published by the “Board of Trustees, Central Hindu College, Benares” in 1916 under the title, “Sanatan Dharma – An Elementary Text Book of Hindu Religion and Ethics.” Benaras has been the seat of Hindu learning since ancient times and the board of trustees of this Central Hindu college was composed of persons who were highly learned in Hindu Shashtras. They were the epitome of knowledge in Hinduism. This book explains in concise form with authenticity what this civilization is. In this age of info revolution, all religions followed by humanity for one’s mental peace and relation with Divine are available online. It is wise on one’s part to know Indian civilization also and compare it with others, and choose the one that looks logical and better.)

One God: Bharat Series (2)

(Explanatory note at the bottom)

Infinite Eternal, Changeless Existence, the All. From That all comes forth ; to That all returns.

“One only, without a second.” That includes within Itself all that ever has been, is, and can be. As a wave rises in the ocean, a universe rises in the All. As the wave sinks again into the ocean, a universe sinks again into the All, As the ocean is water, and the wave a form or manifestation of the water, so is there one Existence, and the universe is a form, or manifestation, of the Existence.  “All this verily (is) Brahman.”

This is the primary truth of Religion. Men have given to the All many different names. The name in the Sanatana Dharma is Brahman. English-speaking people use the name God, adding, to make the meaning clear, “God, in His own Nature.” Sometimes the Hindu speaks of the All as Nirguna Brahman, the Brahman without attributes, or the unconditioned Brahman. This is to distinguish the unmanifested state of Brahman, the All, from the manifested state, in which Brahman is called the Sguna Brahman, the Brahman with attributes, or the conditioned Brahman the Supreme Ishvara with His universe.

These are called: “the two states of Brahman” The subject is very difficult, and it is enough for a boy to understand that the Sguna Brahman is Brahman revealed not “a second,” but Brahman shining forth as The One, the Great Lord of Being, Thought and Bliss. He is the self-existent One, the Root and Cause of all beings.

He is also  sometimes called Purusottama, the Supreme Spirit, The Self. With Himself as Spirit He reveals the other side of the All, which is named Mulaprakriti, the Root of Matter. Prakriti, Matter, is that which takes form, and so can give bodies of all sorts and shapes and kinds ; all that we can touch, taste, smell, see, and hear, is Matter, and a great deal more besides, which our five senses are not yet developed enough to perceive. The solids, liquids and gases of the chemist are made of Matter; all the things round us, stones, trees, animals, men, are made of Matter. But the whole of them is not Matter ; inaudible, invisible, unsmellable, untastable, intangible, the Spirit is in each, a portion, of Ishvara. We call the Matter part, a body ; or a sheath ; or a vehicle ; that which embodies, clothes, or carries the Spirit.

Thus Ishvara is in everything, and it is He who gives life to all things. He is Atma, the Self, the Immortal, the Inner Ruler, dwelling in all objects, and there is nothing that can exist apart from Him. An “amshah”, a part, of Him in a body of matter is called a Jiva, or a Jivatmsi, a separated Self.

There are some very important differences between Spirit and Matter, as well as the differences just spoken of : that the senses, when completely developed, can perceive Matter, while they cannot perceive Spirit, and that Matter takes form while Spirit is formless. It is the Spirit that is life, and that thinks, and feels, and observes, that is the ” I ” in each of us. And the Spirit is one and the same in everybody and in everything. But Matter cannot think, or feel, or observe ; it is “Jadam” – without consciousness. And it has also the tendency to be constantly dividing itself into many
forms and to become many. So that Spirit and Matter are said to be the opposites one of the other ; Spirit is called the knower, the one that
knows, while Matter is called the object of knowledge, that which is known. Students should try to understand these differences, and must never confuse Spirit and Matter ; they are opposites, the first “pair of opposites,” out of which a universe is built up.

Just as Spirit has three qualities, Sat Chit Ananda, Being, Thought- Power and Bliss, so has Matter three qualities Tamah, Rajah, Sattvam -Inertia, Mobility, Rhythm. Inertia gives resistance and stability to Matter ; Mobility keeps Matter active, moving about ; Rhythm makes the movements regular. You may say : ” A stone does not move of itself.” But science tells you that every particle in that stone particles too small for you to see is moving rapidly and regularly to and fro, is vibrating, to use the scientific term. The Shaktih, or the Divine Power of Ishvara, which makes Matter begin to take form, is called Maya, and sometimes “Daivi-prakrtih”, the Divine Prakrti. Shri Krshna speaks of ” My Divine Prakrti ” as ” My other Prakrti, the higher, the life-element, by which the universe is upheld.”

The student may think of the great pair of opposites, Ishvara and Mulaprakrti, standing, as it were, face to face and the Divine Power of Ishvara shining out on Mulaprakrti and making the qualities, called gunah, act on each other, so that many forms begin to appear. This Divine power is Maya, and so Ishvara is called the Lord of Maya. Even young students must try to remember these names, and what they mean, for they cannot otherwise understand the teaching of the Bhagavad Gita which every Hindu boy must try to understand. It may be well to say that the word Prakrti is generally used instead of Mulaprakrti, the prefix Mula, Root, being usually left out.

(Quotes of authorities translated from Sanskrit):

“I will declare that which ought to be known, that which being known immortality is enjoyed – the beginningless supreme Brahman, called neither Being nor Not-Being.

“Everywhere That has hands and feet, everywhere eyes, heads and mouths ; all hearing, He dwelleth in the world, enveloping all ;

“Shining with all sense-faculties, without any sense ; unattached, supporting everything ; and free from qualities, enjoying qualities.

“Without and within all beings, immovable and also movable ; by a reason of his subtlety indistinguishable ; at hand and far away is That. “Bhagavad Gita, xiii,12

“Not divided amid beings and yet seated distributively. That is to be known as tbe supporter of beings ; He devours and He generates. That, the Light of all lights, is said to be beyond darkness ; wisdom, the object of wisdom, by wisdom to be reached, seated in the hearts of all.

This was in the form of Darkness, unknown, without marks [or homogeneous], unattainable by reasoning, unknowable, wholly, as it were, in sleep.

“Then the self-Existent, the Lord, unmanifest, (but) making manifest. This – the great elements and the rest – appeared with mighty power, Dispeller of Darkness. He who can be grasped by that which is beyond the senses, subtle unmanifest, ancient, containing all beings, inconceivable, even He Himself shone forth.” Manu Smriti i 5, 6, 7.

I, O Gudakesha, am the Self, seated in the heart of all beings ; I am the beginning, the middle, and also the end of all beings.” (Bhagavat Gita X-20)

” There are two Purushas in this world, the destructible and the indestructible ; the destructible is all beings, the unchanging is called the indestructible.

“The highest Purusha is verily another, declared as the Supreme Self ; He who pervading all, sustaineth the three worlds, the indestructible Ishvara.

“Since I excel the destructible, and am more excellent also than the indestructible, in the world and in the Veda I am proclaimed Prushottama.” (Gita X-16)

 ” A portion of Mine own Self, transformed in the world of life into an immortal Spirit, draweth round itself the senses, of which the mind is the
sixth, veiled in matter.

” Seated equally in all beings, the supreme  Ishvara, unperishing within the perishing ; he who thus seeih, he seeth. 

“When he preceiveth the diversified exsistence of beings as rooted in One and spreading forth from It, then he reacheth Brahman.

“As the one sun illumineth the whole earth so the Lord of the field, illumineth the whole field, O Bharatha”

“Earth, Water, Fire, Air, Other, Mind and Reason also and Egoism these are the eight-fold divisions of my Prakrti.

“This the inferior. Know my other Prakrti, the higher, the life-element, mighty-armed, by which the universe is upheld.”

“Sattva, Rajas, Tamas, these are the Gunas, born of Prakriti ; they bind fast in the body, great-armed one, the indestructible dweller in the body.”

(Explanatory note: India, that is Bharat, is 80% Hindu. The very name Bharat is Hindu, as it is etymologically derived from the historical King “Bharat”. Indian civilization is the mother of Asian civilization. Almost entire Asia still carries this civilization in its blood, except in a few pockets of Asia where the Abrahmic religions have been able to make their inroads, primarily by the force of sword and by means of duping the innocent. Buddha is not an alien to but a part of this great civilization. This civilization is founded on the pillars of an ultimate one infinite force or law, which is manifested in many forms with the same essence. This civilization is aware of the evolutionary rebirth of each of these forms and enjoins a duty on sentient beings to do good karma, to reap its good or bad fruits according to what karma one did. This civilization has a profound literature that teaches humans what is right and what is wrong for them to do and makes them aware of the existence of invisible worlds of forces – good Devas and evil forces – that may give them a helping hand or obstruct them in their onward evolutionary journey to merge in that ultimate one force. India is overwhelmingly Hindu and it civilization is Hindu in essence, which has multiple branches of streams falling into it. It is highly elastic and amazingly accommodative. Like an old shoot with deep roots in the ground, instead of die-away, it is slowly spreading out around the world even in this 21st century. But how to put this civilization in a few words, with authenticity and completeness is a big problem. Here, we have found an amazing book that solves this problem. We are reproducing some parts of this book in this series of articles. This book is prepared and published by the “Board of Trustees, Central Hindu College, Benares” in 1916 under the title, “Sanatan Dharma – An Elementary Text Book of Hindu Religion and Ethics.” Benaras has been the seat of Hindu learning since ancient times and the board of trustees of this Central Hindu college was composed of persons who were highly learned in Hindu Shashtras. They were the epitome of knowledge in Hinduism. This book explains in concise form with authenticity what this civilization is. In this age of info revolution, all religions followed by humanity for one’s mental peace and relation with Divine are available online. It is wise on one’s part to know Indian civilization also and compare it with others, and choose the one that looks logical and better.)

Structure: Bharat Series (1)

(Explanatory note at the bottom

Sanatana Dharma means the Eternal Religion, the Ancient Law, and it is based on the Vedas, sacred books given to men many long ages ago. This Religion has also been called the Aryan Religion, because it is the Religion that was given to the first nation of the Aryan race ; Arya means noble, and the name was given to a great race, much finer in character and appearance than the races which went before it in the world’s history. The first families of these people settled in the northern part of the land now called India, and that part in which they first settled was named Aryavarta, because these Aryans lived in it. “The land from the eastern ocean to the western ocean, between the two mountains (Himavan and Vindhya), the wise call Aryavarta.”

In later days the Religion was called the Hindu Religion, and this is the name by which it is now usually known. It is the oldest of living Religions, and no other Religion has produced so many great men great teachers, great writers, great sages, great saints, great kings, great warriors, great statesmen, great benefactors, great patriots. The more you know of it, the more you will honour and love it, and the more thankful you will be that you were born into it.  But unless you grow up worthy of it, this great and holy Religion will do you no good.

The ancient religion is based on one strong foundation on which are erected the walls of its structure. The foundation is called: Shrutih, “that
which has been heard;” the walls are called: Smrtih, “that which has been remembered.” The Shruti has been given through very wise men, who heard it and received it from Devas ; these sacred teachings were not written down till comparatively modern times, but were learnt by heart, and constantly repeated. The teacher sang them to his pupils, and the pupils sang them after him, a few words at a time, over and over again, till they knew them thoroughly. Boys still learn the Shruti in the same way as their forefathers learnt it in very ancient days, and you may hear them chanting it in any Vaidika Pathashala at the present time.

The Shruti consists of the Chaturvedah, the Four Vedas. Veda means knowledge, that which is known ; and the knowledge which is the foundation of Religion is given to man in the Four Vedas. They are named: Rigvedah ; Samavedah ; Yajurvedah ; and: Atharvavedah. Each Veda is divided into three parts :

1. Mantrah ; or Samhitii, collection.
2. Brahmanam.
3. Upanishat.

The Mantra portion consists of Mantras, or sentences in which the order of sounds has a particular power, produces certain effects. These are in the form of hymns to the Devas whose relations to men we shall study recently and when they are properly chanted by properly instructed persons, certain results follow. These are used in religious ceremonies, and the value of the ceremony depends chiefly upon their proper repetition.

The Brahmana portion of the Vedas consists of directions about ritual and explains how to perform the ceremonies in which were used the Mantras given in the first part ; and further, stories connected with them.

The Upanishat portion consists of deep philosophical teachings on the nature of Brahman, on the supreme and the separated Self, on man and the universe, on bondage and liberation. It is the foundation of all philosophy, and when you are men, you may study it and delight in it. Only highly educated men can study it ; it is too difficult for others.

There was a fourth part of the Veda in the ancient days, sometimes called the: Upavedah, or Tantram ; this consisted of science, and of practical instructions based on the science ; but very little of the true ancient Tantra remains, as the Rishis took them away as unsuitable for times in which people were less spiritual. Some Tantrika forms of ritual are, however, used in worship, along with, or instead of, the current Vaidika forms. The books now extant under the name of Tantras are generally not regarded as part of the Veda.

That which is found in the Shruti is of supreme authority and is accepted by every faithful follower of the Sanatana Dharma as final. All the sects, all the philosophical systems, appeal to the Shruti as the final authority, determining every dispute.

The Smriti or Dharma Shastra, is founded on, and stands next in authority to, the Shruti, and consists of four great works, written by Sages, the chief contents of which are laws and regulations for the carrying on of individual, family, social and national life. Hindu Society is founded on, and
governed by, these laws. They are :
1. Manu Smrtih or Manava Dharma Shastram. The Institutes of Manu.
2. Yagyavalkya Smrtih.
3. Shankha Likhita Smrtih.
4. Parashara Smrtih.

The first of these is the chief compendium of Aryan law, Manu being the great Law-giver of the race. Hindu chronology divides the history of a world into seven great periods or cycles of time, each of which is begun and is ended by a Manu, and is therefore called a Manvantara, Manu-antara, “between (two) Manus.”

Six other Manus, very great-minded and of great splendor, belonging to the race of this Manu, the descendant of Svayambhu, have each produced
beings.” As there are two Manus for each Man-vantara, that shows that we are in the fourth Man-vantara, under the rule of the seventh Manu, who is, the next shloka tells us, the son of Vivasvat. Some of his laws are handed down in the Manu Smrtih.

The Yagyavalkya Smrtih follows the same general line as the Manu Smrtih and is next in importance to it. The other two are not now much studied or referred to, except in some parts of Southern India.

While the Shruti and the Smriti are the foundation and the walls of the Sanatana Dharma, there are two other important supports like buttresses ; the Puranani, Puranas, and the Itihasah, History.

The Puranas consist of histories and stories and allegories, composed for the use of the less learned part of the nation, especially for those who could not study the Vedas. They are very interesting to read, and are full of information of all kinds. Some of the allegories are difficult to understand, and require the help of a teacher.

The Itihasa comprises two great poems:
1. The Ramayanam, the history of
Shri Ramachandra, the son of King Dasharatha, and of His wife Sita, and of His brothers, a most interesting and delightful story, as you all know.
2. The Mahabharatam, the history of the Kurus, a royal family of Northern India, which split into two parties, the Kurus and the Pandavas, between whom a great war broke out. It contains an immense number of beautiful stories, noble moral teachings, and useful lessons of all kinds.

These two books, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, tell us most of what we know about ancient India, about her people and customs, and her ways of living, and her arts, and her manufactures. If you read these, you will learn how great India once was, and you will also learn how you must behave to make her great once more.

The Science and Philosophy of Sanatana Dharma – While the Shruti and the Smriti, the Purauas and the Itihasa make the edifice of Hindu Religion, we find that the Religion itself has given rise to a splendid literature of Science and Philosophy. The Science was divided into the Shadangani, the Six Angas, literally Limbs ; and these six Limbs, or Branches, comprised what would now be called secular knowledge. In the old days religious and secular knowledge were not divided.

They included Grammar, Philology, Astrology, Poetry, together with sixty-four sciences and arts, and the method by which study should be carried on, so that any one who mastered the six angas was a man of varied and deep learning.

The Philosophy also had six divisions, the Shaddarshanani, the Six Darshanas,  or ways of seeing things, usually called the Six Systems. They all have one object : the putting an end to pain by enabling the separated human selves to re-unite with the supreme Self ; and they all have one method the development of Jnanam, Wisdom. The ways employed are different, to suit the different mental constitutions of men, so that they are like six different roads, all leading to one town.

As to what is contained in the Six Systems of philosophy, it will be enough for boys to know this ; The Nyaya and the Vaisheshika arrange all the things of the world into a certain number of kinds ; then point out that a man knows all things by means of his senses, or by inference and analogy,
or by testimony of other (wise and experienced) men ; and then they explain how God has made all this material world out of atoms and molecules ; finally they show how the highest and most useful knowledge is the knowledge of God, who is also the inmost Spirit of man, and how this knowledge is obtained in various ways.

The Sankhya explains in more detail and in new ways the nature of Purushah, Spirit, and of Prakritih, Matter, and relation of each to the other.

The Yoga says that as there are now generally known five senses and five organs of action, so there are other subtler senses and organs; and explains more fully how they may be developed by men who are seeking to know God, who is their own true inmost Spirit.

The Mimansa explains what karma is, i. e., action, both religious and worldly, and what are its consequences, causes and effects, and how it binds man to this world or to another.

The Vedanta finally tells fully what is the exact and true nature of God, or Atma, and shows that Jiva of man is in essence the same as this inmost God, and explains how man may live so that karma shall not bind him; and finally, by understanding what the Maya Shakti of God is, by which all this world comes forth and appears and disappears, how he may (after practice of Yoga) merge himself into and become one with God and so gain Moksha.

(Explanatory note: India, that is Bharat, is 80% Hindu. The very name Bharat is Hindu, as it is etymologically derived from the historical King “Bharat”. Indian civilization is the mother of Asian civilization. Almost entire Asia still carries this civilization in its blood, except in a few pockets of Asia where the Abrahmic religions have been able to make their inroads, primarily by the force of sword and by means of duping the innocent. Buddha is not an alien to but a part of this great civilization. This civilization is founded on the pillars of an ultimate one infinite force or law, which is manifested in many forms with the same essence. This civilization is aware of the evolutionary rebirth of each of these forms and enjoins a duty on sentient beings to do good karma, to reap its good or bad fruits according to what karma one did. This civilization has a profound literature that teaches humans what is right and what is wrong for them to do and makes them aware of the existence of invisible worlds of forces – good Devas and evil forces – that may give them a helping hand or obstruct them in their onward evolutionary journey to merge in that ultimate one force. India is overwhelmingly Hindu and it civilization is Hindu in essence, which has multiple branches of streams falling into it. It is highly elastic and amazingly accommodative. Like an old shoot with deep roots in the ground, instead of die-away, it is slowly spreading out around the world even in this 21st century. But how to put this civilization in a few words, with authenticity and completeness is a big problem. Here, we have found an amazing book that solves this problem. We are reproducing some parts of this book in this series of articles. This book is prepared and published by the “Board of Trustees, Central Hindu College, Benares” in 1916 under the title, “Sanatan Dharma – An Elementary Text Book of Hindu Religion and Ethics.” Benaras has been the seat of Hindu learning since ancient times and the board of trustees of this Central Hindu college was composed of persons who were highly learned in Hindu Shashtras. They were the epitome of knowledge in Hinduism. This book explains in concise form with authenticity what this civilization is. In this age of info revolution, all religions followed by humanity for one’s mental peace and relation with Divine are available online. It is wise on one’s part to know Indian civilization also and compare it with others, and choose the one that looks logical and better.)

NGOs: Most Dangerous Weapon of Subversion

Sanjay Vaidya

NGOs are in news now-a-days in India. They have come under the sharp scanner of the Indian government for their declared activities, which look laudable but whose real activities on the ground are not only opposte to their declared mission but also most dangerous to the social fabric of India. These NGOs have been doing these objectionable work for long in India. Some of them have been inciting and funding the people who create social unrest, promote religious disharmony and put obstacles in the way of economic progress of this country – and amazingly all this is done in the name of human rights, environmental concerns and rights of marginalized communities. For example, these NGOs would help and fund the opposition to putting in place atomic power generation plants in India having technology from foreign countries but would not stage protests against those foreign companies in their countries that invented the technology in question – that is, they will not stage protest against the origin of the evil. It is one example, there are many examples of such dubious activities of these NGOs.

Take another example. India is a democratic country governed by the rule of law. In India everyone has the freedom of concience and the right to profess or propagate one’s religion but the law requires that no one would resort to allurement, coercion or fraud to convert people from one religion to another religion. Should this law be not respected by all, including NGOs? There are many NGOs working in India and having foreign affiliation who declare their “professed” aim “to take care of child or run educational and / or medical charity etc. but carry on activities of religious conversion or anti-state propaganda and incitement. They need to be held accountable – financially and otherwise – for their work and forced to obey the law of this country.

A few days back Parliament has passed the law amending the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA). It was overdue, done belatedly, but as it is said, better late than never. By this amendment in law now it has been made necessary for a NGO to get foreign funding only through a specified bank only (SBI), which must be linked to an ADHAR card. The govt will have right to verify that the fund is being used for the very purpose, which was declared by that NGO while getting registration and, on suspecian for any deviation in this respect, the government will have the right to freeze the bank account pending an inquiry into the same. It is legitimate and justified for any country to compel an NGO to declare its aim or mission and to make sure that such declaration is adhered to in letter and spirit. Nobody should have an objection to this justified necessity.

Yesterday on September 29, 2020 the Indian government had freezed the bank account of Amensty Internation, India branch. This NGO is most notorious for diversion of its funds received from foreign countries from its most laudable declared purpose towards the most undesiable activities in India. This NGO has now stated that it has stopped its activities in India – with an insane ranting that the govt was harassing it for standing for poor against the power ! It is a very powerful NGO having the backing of US goverment and soon this power will be on display. India is not going to bend. The action is justified and timely.

These events – amending FCRA and ranting by NGOs – have given us an ocassion to examine the DNA of such NGOs – that is, what they are meant for; why they are floated and spread worldwide. Let us examine them.

The NGO’s are the most dangerous weapon that the west has innovated in the last few decades. They pretend to act on behalf of the civil society but infiltrate the society like cancer from the very spot – a weak place – from where it would seem to fulfil the needs of the society and meet the requirement of that society.

In societies with inimical governments to the parent of that NGO, the civil society is the most befitting answer to infiltrate. The civil society can do a lot and make up for many shortcomings and impose itself on the governments . The civil society is the hope of any people belonging to a certain society. It is the most approachable sector for the “World Order” and foreign governments. For this reason foreign Intelligence services take hold of the civil society by infiltrating into its nerve center through NGOs, which are created after the needs of a society are maticulously studied and diagnosed; then people are appointed and hired who will pretend to act in the name of such needs but without fulfilling them.

Thus, the NGOs carry more than a declared task – they infiltrate like a disease creating a parallel alternative society by fragmenting it, draining and starving the social fabric through diverting funds to the alternative society proped-up by NGOs . These NGOs hold the society from where the society aches – be it education or environment or health- and withhold and prevent the cure that can do away with the disease. Or they create activities that are irrelevant, vain and purposeless, under some attractive slogan of talent or skill or charity in order to sway the society from its real goal.

Thus, NGOs succeed in deactivating many social categories mainly the Youth – that is the most important category – by affiliating them to organizations that are alien to them and their culture and where their beliefs and values are lost.

FCRA का कानून: NGOs पर नकेल

लेखक नामालूम

दर्द की जड़ यहॉ है। इस संसद सत्र में 21 सितंबर को लोकसभा में जो सबसे क्रांतिकारी बिल पास हुआ है, वह है FCRA बिल

विदेशी फंडिंग के दम पर देश में दंगा, नक्सलवाद और धर्मांतरण का खेल, खेल रहे NGO की नाक में मोदी सरकार ने नाथ और गले में पगहा(रस्सी) पहनाने की प्रक्रिया शुरू कर दी है। अब सारे विदेशी ट्रांजेक्शन स्टेट बैंक के माध्यम से ही होंगे और खर्च करने मे पूरी पारदर्शिता रखनी पडेगी साथ ही NGO के सभी सदस्यों को आधार नम्बर भी देना होगा, जो अभी तक जरूरी नहीं था।

यह बिल पास होना ऐसा था कि ‘जबरा मारे रोने भी न दे! ‘

कल राज्य सभा में हुआ सारा हंगामा वास्तव में इसी बिल को रोकने की कवायद है। इन एनजीओ वालों का दर्द व गुस्सा राज्यसभा में किसान बिल पर निकलता दिखाई दे रहा था, पर उनका असली मकसद था इतना हंगामा किया जाय कि FCRA बिल रुक जाय।

फोर्ड फाउंडेशन की नीव पर खड़े आप पार्टी के संजय सिंह तो जैसे पागल ही हो गये। कूद-कूद कर सदन में मार्शल का गला दबाने लगे। धर्मांतरण का एक बड़ा एजेन्ट डेरेक ब्रायन तो पूरी तरह उपसभापति पर हमलावर हो गया। जानने वाले जानते हैं कि बंगलादेशी घुसपैठियों और रोहिंग्याओं के बल पर राजनीति करने वाले इन पार्टियों और सांसदों का किसान हित से कोई लेना देना नहीं है।

निहित स्वार्थी तत्त्वों के उकसावे पर अराजकता फैलाने के लिए चलाया जा रहा यह किसान आंदोलन ठीक वैसा ही है जैसे CAA के खिलाफ मुसलमानों द्वारा चलाया गया आंदोलन, जिससे मुसलमानों का कुछ लेना देना नहीं था।

यह आंदोलन वैसा ही है जैसे दर्द कहीं है, रिस कहीं और से रहा है।

Farmers Laws – 2020: An Evaluation

1/5: (By Shreepal Singh)

Parliament has passed two laws in 2020 relating to farmers. The first bill is titled “The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020. This Bill is intended to create an ecosystem where the farmers and traders would enjoy the freedom of sale and purchase of farmers’ produce. It will facilitate remunerative prices of farmers’ produce through competitive trading outside the physical markets under various State (agricultural market) legislation. This trading will be a barrier-free, inter-State and intra-State, and on an electronic trading facilitative framework. The second bill is titled, “The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020. Under Section 3 (1) of this proposed law a farmer may enter into a written farming agreement in respect of any farming produce with a  “Sponsor” for the purchase a farming produce. How would we evaluate them from the perspective of the benifits to farmers and over all national interest? Let us enumerate them pointwise:

1. The first law is extremely positive for farmers of India. It gives freedom to farmers to trade their produce through out India without any restrictions, which were previously imposed on farmers for the last 73 years. It is very easy to use dedicated electronic platforms (like WhatsApp) to get in touch with store keepers / bulk consumers in cities and towns who buy agricultural produce, negotiate with them about price and sell to them directly – removing the chain of intermediaries. It is a great thing for changing the lives of farmers. By the right given by this law to trade through out India and the electronic facility, the farmer would get better price and slowly would become rich enough to buy their own means of transport to supply their produce to store keepers etc. This is a big step for changing the present wretched condition of farmers, who need MSP (minimum support price) today to survive. This law would change forever the fate of farmers in a positive way. There is no reason for farmers to worry or resort to any agitation to oppose this law.

2. For all this to happen, farmers will have to change themselves with the changing times. Farmers in this countries have been living their life for centuries as if they were “fixed in time”. They were never a trader; they will have to become now trader – not only to survive but to prosper; traders are rich and farmers are poor because they are not traders. It is time for farmers to come out of their “slumber” of hard work with no profits; if they don’t take initiative to rise to the challenge that a trader always faces, it will be their fault and not of this law. This law gives the freedom and right and it is the farmers who will have to use this freedom and right.

3. The law relating to “agreement” does not make it compulsory for farmers to enter into agreement with a “sponsor”; it gives a freedom to farmers to enter or not to enter into such agreement. A farmer can say – and must say – to an approaching sponsor, “I want to become partner in your trading business – please, if no partnership, no agreement”. It is the right of farmer to so propose a condition for agreement. He should not run for an easy thing – that is, accept money for his produce from a sponsor. If he does so, he will be doomed – after all a sponsor comes for agreement to earn profit as a trading businessman; why should the farmer not do his own trading business – either alone or in partnership with an approaching sponsor?

4.  In this way, both these laws are positive for farmers, give them right and freedom and an occasion to him to rise and change his fate for the better. Modi government needs a congratulation from farmers for enacting these laws.

2/5 (By Vishnu Vardhan)

I was in school when PV Narasimha Rao opened up India to foreign companies and industries.Then there was a huge furore that we will be enslaved by foreign companies like that of East India company once again and we will become Ghulams of foreigners.

Leading the pack who protested were Indian companies like Bajaj who had monopoly on two wheelers and Ambassador which was the only car available and then the usual suspects like Communists (they were still powerful in those days) Workers union leaders and media.

I never understood why we should protest when we are getting Fords Hondas to Indian market as it will create more jobs and give us better cars than those horrible ambassador cars. I was like we should also start growing like China and Korea.

But Dad said we are protesting as we are afraid of unknown. We are content staying poor and malnourished with the so called Hindu Rate of Growth. The protests went on all 5 years during PVNR rule and he eventually lost after 5 years. Today everyone say he is the man who truly liberated India and today if we are 5 biggest economy it is due to his policies.

Same thing happened when computers came to India. They said it will take away jobs and everything will be controlled by software companies. But today India is software powerhouse and it has created millions of jobs.

Now Agriculture reforms are happening after 74 years of independence. First time farmers will be free of clutches of middle men and dalals
It is middle men who become millionaires in India while farmers are always in debts and the consumers land up paying more and more for food and commercial crops every year

These middle men are so powerful people that they form the back bone of many parties like NCP, Akalis, Punjab congress and many other regional parties. Hence no one tried to tamper with agriculture market reforms. Once when Indira Gandhi was told to control these middlemen she asked Should we stop contesting elections ?

Many of my family members and relatives are in controlling positions in APMCs and they are all crorepatis. Many of my family members and relatives are farmers and I have always seen them only struggle in their lives.

Once I met a famous professor in MIT who was working on National Agriculture market (NAM) in India where Indian govt had asked him to design an AI model to connect all the markets of India. His team worked on it for 2 years and told the govt we can’t create a NAM until we allow farmers to sell in an open market. He told me the same and said in 2018 that Modi Govt if it wins in 2019 will bring in huge agricultural reforms in second term which will double or treble the farmer income and since they make 60 percent of Indian population it will truly transform India

Hence I was rooting for Modi to come back and bring these reforms. These agricultural reform are bigger than what PVNR did in 1991.India will truly become a middle income country as more and more people will get fruits for their labour.

Yes, there are many farmers who are apprehensive. They say MSP will go and hence it is a loss. Govt will continue MSP and mark my words after few years no one will need MSP as farmers will be selling to the best market and making more money than MSP.

They say big corporations will monopolize and control farming
It was told the same when GM Fords Toyota and Honda came or when McDonald or KFC came. But fact is GM ran away from India and Maruti controls 51 percent market share and Honda has 3 percent

Same way market forces and proper regulations will never let some one control the whole farming. It is too big, too diversified for any company to do it. And most importantly the digital tech and AI will transform market intelligence send make every farmer access any good market without selling it to Dalal or a big company.

Now the democracy has truly reached Agriculture and farmers have got their independence.

3/5: (Due credit to unknown author)

Deep blow. Awesome trick. Agriculture Bill is Demonetization Part 2. As demonetization had destroyed the black money hoarders. Similarly, two heavy weights of Punjab and Maharashtra were ruined by this bill.

Sukhbir Badal of Punjab and Sharad Pawar of Maharashtra. “Sukhbir Agro” of Sukhbir had an income of at least 5000 crores annually. He was the commission agent between FCI and farmers. His company used to get 2.5% commission. All the warehouses belonged to him. No farmer could sell a ton of wheat to the FCI without the tag of “Sukhbir Agro”. All wasted in one stroke.

Sharad Pawar’s daughter Supriya Sule in Maharashtra used to show agricultural income of 10000 crores. It was the control of the entire family onion, chilli and grape trade. This bill left Pawar nowhere. Modi cuts the root, does not cut the branches.

Akali Dal and NCP will be seen begging in next election.

4/5: (Due credit to unknown author)

BJP’s oldest ally Shiromani Akali Dal’s lone minister in Modi Ji’s cabinet, Harsimrat Kaur Badal, resigned yesterday. Reason? Govt introducing three bills, namely, The Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020; The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020; and The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020. These bills seek to replace ordinances issued earlier in June.

What is opposition’s and SAD’s problem? And is it justified?

  1. One of them prohibits state govts from collecting the market fee, cess or levy for trade outside notified APMC mandis, removes inter-state trade barriers, and provides framework for electronic trading directly between a buyer and a farmer. In simple words, it breaks state’s control over farmers, enabling them to choose who they want to sell to. And dries up money laundering practices. No wonder they’re fuming.
  2. Another one allows farmers to get into contract with private corporates at a mutually agreed price. The concern was that this would do away with minimum selling price or MSP, leading to exploitation of farmers. Govt has confirmed, that is not true, and MSP will continue. So the “mutually agreed price” will always be greater or equal to MSP. Problem solved. But would the opposition or SAD tell that to the farmers? Nope.
  3. The 3rd one removes cereals, pulses, oilseeds, edible oils, onions, and potatoes from the list of essential commodities and provides for deregulation of production, storage, movement and distribution of these food commodities. The concern is that this move undermines food security. Is it true? Nope. Govts still hold power to regularize in case of famine, shortages, wars etc. Meaning, when actually needed, they will regularize. In normal times, they won’t. So now, the hoarders are in a big problem. They cannot dictate terms anymore. Hence, protest.

In a nutshell, govt is trying to open up the agriculture market, ensuring minimum price and food security. Opposition, hoarders, and middlemen are protesting, because they will no longer be able to control things, nor siphon out money.

Some farmer organizations are also protesting, because they are being misled on the MSP. Our job would be to pass the right info to them, get them out of the protest chain. And then let the opposition do whatever nonsense they want to.

5/5: (लेखक नामालूम)

“पैरों में जंजीर और गले में फन्दा” कभी सोचा है?किसानों का “धन्धा” क्यों बांधा गया था ?

सही क्या और गलत क्या ?

क्या किसानों का “तीन अध्यादेश” के विरुद्ध आंदोलन उचित – है भी या नहीं ?

सन 1960-70 के आसपास देश में कोंग्रेसी सरकार ने एक कानून पास किया जिसका नाम था – “apmc act” …

इस एक्ट में यह प्रावधान किया गया कि किसान अपनी उपज केवल सरकार द्वारा तय स्थान अर्थात सरकारी मंडी में ही बेच सकता है।

इस मंडी के बाहर किसान अपनी उपज नहीं बेच सकता। और इस मंडी में कृषि उपज की खरीद भी वो ही व्यक्ति कर सकता था जो apmc act में registered हो, दूसरा नही।

इन registered person को देशी भाषा में कहते हैं “आढ़तिया” यानि “commission agent”!

इस सारी व्यवस्था के पीछे कुतर्क यह दिया गया कि व्यापारी किसानों को लूटता है इस लिये सारी कृषि उपज की खरीद बिक्री -“सरकारी ईमानदार अफसरों” के सामने हो।
जिससे “सरकारी ईमानदार अफसरों” को भी कुछ “हिस्सा पानी” मिलें।
इस एक्ट आने के बाद किसानों का शोषण कई गुना बढ़ गया। इस एक्ट के कारण हुआ क्या कृषि उपज की खरीदारी करनें वालों की गिनती बहुत सीमित हो गई।

किसान की उपज के मात्र 10 – 20 या 50 लोग ही ग्राहक होते है। ये ही चन्द लोग मिल कर किसान की उपज के भाव तय करते है।

मजे कि बात ये है कि :— फिर रोते भी किसान ही है कि :—
इस महगाई के दौर में – किसान को अपनी उपज की सही कीमत नही मिल है।

जब खरीददार ही – “संगठित और सिमित संख्या में” – होंगे तो – सही कीमत कैसे मिलेगी – ??-

यह मार्किट का नियम है कि अगर अपने producer का शोषण रोकना है तो आपको ऐसी व्यवस्था करनी पड़ेगी जिसमें – “खरीददार” buyer की गिनती unlimited हो।
जब खरीददार ज्यादा होंगे तभी तो – किसी भी माल की कीमत बढ़ेगी।

लेकिन वर्तमान में चल रही – मण्डी व्यवस्था में तो – किसान की उपज के मात्र 10 – 20 या 50 लोग ही ग्राहक होते है।

apmc act से हुआ क्या कि अगर किसी retailer ने ,किसी उपभोक्ता नें ,
किसी छोटे या बड़े manufacturer ने, या किसी बाहर के trader ने किसी मंडी से सामान खरीदना होता है तो वह किसान से सीधा नहीं खरीद सकता उसे आढ़तियों से ही समान खरीदना पड़ता है।

इसमें आढ़तियों की होगी चांदी ही चाँदी और किसान और उपभोक्ता दोनो रगड़ा गया।

जब मंडी में किसान अपनी वर्ष भर की मेहनत को मंडी में लाता है तो buyer यानि आढ़तिये आपस में मिल जाते हैं और बहुत ही कम कीमत पर किसान की फसल खरीद लेते हैं।
याद रहे :– बाद में यही फसल ऊचें दाम पर उपभोक्ता को उबलब्ध होती थी।
यह सारा गोरख धंदा ईमानदार अफसरों की नाक के नीचे होता है।

एक टुकड़ा मंडी बोर्ड के अफसरों को डाल दिया जाता है।

मंडी बोर्ड का “चेयरमैन” को लोकल mla मोटी रिश्वत देकर नियुक्त होता है। एक हड्डी राजनेताओं के हिस्से भी आती है। यह सारी लूट खसूट apmc act की आड़ में हो रही है।

दूसरा सरकार ने apmc act की आड़ में कई तरह के टैक्स और commission किसान पर थोप दिए।

जैसे कि :— किसान को भी अपनी फसल “कृषी उपज मंडी” में बेचने पर 3%, मार्किट फीस ,
3% rural development fund और 2.5 commission ठोक रखा है।
मजदुरी आदि मिलाकर यह फालतू खर्च 10% के आसपास हो जाता है। कई राज्यों में यह खर्च 20% तक पहुंच जाता है। यह सारा खर्च किसान पर पड़ता है।

बाकी मंडी में फसल की transportation ,रखरखाव का खर्च अलग पड़ता है।

मंडियो में फसल की चोरी ,कम तौलना , आम बात है। कई बार फसल कई दिनों तक नहीं बिकती किसान को खुद फसल की निगरानी करनी पड़ती है। एक बार फसल मंडी में आ गई तो किसान को वह “बिचोलियों” द्वारा तय की कीमत पर,

यानि – ओने पोंने दाम पर बेचनी ही पड़ती है।

क्योंकि कई राज्यों में किसान अपने राज्य की दूसरी मंडी में अपनी फसल नहीं लेकर जा सकता । दूसरे राज्य की मंडी में फसल बेचना apmc act के तहत गैर कानूनी है।

Apmc act सारी कृषि उपज पर लागू होता है चाहे वह सब्ज़ी हो ,फल हो या अनाज हो। तभी हिमाचल में 10 रुपये किलो बिकने वाला सेब उपभोक्ता तक पहुँचते पहुँचते 100 रुपए किलो हो जाता है।

मोदी सरकार द्वारा किसानों की हालत सुधारने के लिये तीन अध्यादेश लाएं गये हैं।
जिसमे निम्नलिखित सुधार किए गए हैं।

  1. अब किसान मंडी के बाहर भी अपनी फसल बेच सकता है और मंडी के अंदर भी ।
  2. किसान का सामान कोई भी व्यक्ति संस्था खरीद सकती है जिसके पास पैन कार्ड हो।
  3. अगर फसल मंडी के बाहर बिकती है तो राज्य सरकार किसान से कोई भी टैक्स वसूल नहीं सकती।
  4. किसान अपनी फसल किसी राज्य में किसी भी व्यक्ति को बेच सकता है।

5. किसान contract farming करने के लिये अब स्वतंत्र है।

कई लोग इन कानूनों के विरुद्ध दुष्प्रचार कर रहें है।
जोकि निम्नलिखित हैं।
1. आरोप :— सरकार ने मंडीकरण खत्म कर दिया है ?
उत्तर :— सरकार ने मंडीकरण खत्म नहीं किया। मण्डियां भी रहेंगी।लेकिन किसान को एक विकल्प दे दिया कि अगर उसको सही दाम मिलता है तो वह कहीं भी अपनी फसल बेच सकता है। मंडी में भी और मंडी के बाहर भी।
2. आरोप :— सरकार msp समाप्त कर रही है ?
उत्तर :- मंडीकरण अलग चीज़ है msp नुयनतम समर्थन मूल्य अलग चीज़ है। सारी फसलें ,सब्ज़ी ,फल मंडीकरण में आते हैं msp सब फसलों की नहीं है।
3. आरोप :- सारी फसल अम्बानी खरीद लेगा

उत्तर :— वह तो अब भी खरीद सकता है – आढ़तियों को बीच में डालकर।

यह तीन कानून किसानों और ग्रामीण अर्थव्यवस्था की मुक्ति के कानून हैं।

आज इस सरकार ने किसानों पर – कोंग्रेस द्वारा लगाई हुई -“बन्दिश” को हटा कर,
“हर किसी को” अपनी उपज बेचने के लिये आजाद करके,
“पुरे देश का बाजार” किसानो के लिये खोल दिया है।

किसानो को कोई भी टैक्स भी नही देना होगा।

जो भी लोग विरोध कर रहे है वो उन की अपनी समझ है,

इस सरकार से बढ़ कर कोई “किसान हितेषी” सरकार कभी नही बनी और भविष्य में भी कोई नही बनेगी।

क्योकि ये मोदिया – बहुत अच्छे से जानता है कि – “किसान और जवान” – ही देश का आधार है।

Did Actor Suriya Commit Criminal Contempt of Court?

Veera R Raghavan, Advocate, Chennai

Did an action for criminal contempt lie against Tamil actor Suriya for his sharp comment against the judiciary earlier this month?  Let us take a look.

Eleven students from eleven states had petitioned the supreme court seeking a postponement of NEET – the entrance test for undergraduate medical admissions – that was scheduled for September 2020 after two prior postponements.  The reason urged was the continuing pandemic.  At the hearing on 17th August 2020, the supreme court asked the petitioners, “COVID may continue for a year more. Are you going to wait for another year? Do you know what is the loss to the country and the career peril to the students?”. Not convinced with the petitioners’ plea, the supreme court dismissed their petition. So NEET was successfully held on 13th September 2020, with about 15 lakh students writing the test across the country in over 4800 test centres.

Now to Suriya. He is a star in Tamil Nadu, with a huge fan base. He has a good image among large sections of the youth and is known for his charitable work, especially funding educational expenses of poor students, through a trust.  After NEET exam was held on 13th September this year, he tweeted a lengthy statement in Tamil on the same day.  Here are some translated extracts from that statement.

“The suicide of three students on the same day arising from fear of NEET exam shakes the conscience…… It is distressing to note that students are compelled to write an exam and prove their mettle even amidst the coronavirus that causes fear of life.”   

“The government which has to create equal opportunities for all, brings in an educational system through a law that creates disparities. Those who do not know the realities of the poor and the downtrodden frame educational policies.”

And then, Surya fired his salvo against the judiciary in these words: “The court which ‘fears for life’ (the actual Tamil expression here means ‘fearing for their own lives’ – i.e., not for the lives of others) because of coronavirus and renders justice through video-conferencing, orders that students must go out without fear and write their exam.”

Suriya went on to emphasise his opposition and antipathy to the very idea of NEET – not merely for the reason that three stressed-out students took their own lives shortly before the date of the exam. He said this too in his statement: 

“Manu Needhi (meaning, justice or social code according to sage Manu) examinations like NEET not only rob our students of opportunities but also take away their lives ..…..”

A sitting judge of the Madras High Court wrote a letter to the chief justice of the court, expressing his opinion that Suriya’s comment on the judiciary amounted to contempt of court, warranting contempt proceedings. Unfortunately, that letter soon got leaked to the press and social media.  

A division bench of the Madras High Court – i.e., two judges – led by the chief justice deliberated on the question if Suriya’s comment on the judiciary required initiation of criminal contempt proceedings. They passed a detailed judicial order on the 18th September 2020, holding that the matter did not deserve to be pursued.  Presently, the controversy seems legally settled. Still we may form our opinions.

The offence of criminal contempt alleged against Suriya chiefly falls under one of its three broad forms set out in The Contempt of Courts Act, 1971.  Considering his case alone, his comment on the judiciary would amount to criminal contempt if it:

(a) scandalises or tends to scandalise any court,

(b) or lowers or tends to lower the authority of any court.

In his statement of 13th Sept 2020, Suriya strongly expressed himself against NEET and criticised the exam, even though the supreme court had earlier upheld its constitutional validity and cleared the way for the holding of NEET. It was apparent that Suriya had a grouse against NEET for his own reasons. 

Experts may know that on the issue of “scandalising the court” as against fair criticism, Lord Denning said: “It is the right of every man, in Parliament or out of it, in the press or over the broadcast, to make fair comment, even outspoken comment, on matters of public interest.  Those who comment can deal faithfully with all that is done in a court of justice……” These words of Lord Denning have also been quoted in the order of the Madras High Court dated 18th September 2020 which closed the issue put against Suriya. How did the actor measure up to what Lord Denning said?

With three young misguided medical aspirants in Tamil Nadu taking their own lives shortly before 13th September, Suriya actually gave vent to his stand-alone anti-NEET views.  His statement referred to the court (meaning, judges occupying seats of justice) in disparaging words, obviously because the court had upheld the Constitutional validity of NEET and further blocked an attempt to have the exam put off beyond 13th September. So, his basic antipathy to NEET extended towards the court and judges too who had adjudged NEET as lawful and negatived a plea for its postponement beyond 13th September.

Suriya’s extended antipathy towards the court on the NEET issue overtook him. So he said, “The court which ‘fears for life’ (the actual Tamil expression here means ‘fearing for their own lives’ – i.e., not for the lives of others) because of corona and renders justice through video-conferencing, orders that students must go out without fear and write their exam.” Here he made an accusation against the court, viz., the judges were adopting dishonest double standards. That is, the judges followed one standard for themselves by which they didn’t hold physical hearings and, fearing for their own lives and for safeguarding their lives, they held hearings of their cases through video-conferencing. But, as he meant clearly, judges had another set of standards for students whom they directed to be physically present at NEET exam centres to take their entrance test, exposing the students to the coronavirus and not caring for the lives of the students. Actually, no court “directed” students to attend NEET exam. The supreme court only refused to postpone it beyond September.

Suriya’s remarks cannot be construed as “fair comment” or even as “outspoken comment”.  Nor did he “faithfully” deal with what the courts did while adjudging the NEET issues or while dispensing justice during the pandemic in its many stages. He did not keep himself within the limits set out by Lord Denning when a court has to adjudge if he by his statement “scandalised the court” or “lowered the authority of the court”.   Here, in the words of Wilmot CJ, ‘authority’ does not mean “that coercive power of the Judges, but the deference and respect which is paid to them and their acts, from an opinion of their justice and integrity”. Hence it appears that Suriya’s offending comment did scandalise the court or did lower the authority of the court.

The order of the Madras High Court deciding not to initiate and pursue the contempt issue with Suriya sets out in detail, with statistics, how he was wrong on facts with regard to dispensation of justice in Tamil Nadu during the pandemic. It explains how courts in Tamil Nadu, including the high court, had functioned to the best of their capacity, from 24.3.2020 to 15.9.220.  The scenario in the rest of the country, as we can see, would be no better. If Suriya had been issued notice and asked to answer a charge of criminal contempt, he would find it hard to justify his accusations against the court and judges.  Now he has been spared of that botheration, and he could be feeling thankful.

Did not Suriya know the difference between students physically attending a 3-hour NEET exam on one day during the pandemic with all precautions, and lawyers, court staff and judges, and litigants and witnesses too, coming to court five days a week throughout the virus period in all courts? And which of the two events could be managed throughout with best precautions? It is hard to imagine that an intelligent Suriya could not appreciate the difference. He just let malice be his voice and attacked the integrity of judges.

Suriya deserves credit for all his charitable work. But he has no right to offend the judiciary in the hope that an aggressive anti-NEET stance could be rewarding in the muddy public sphere in Tamil Nadu, with all major political parties speaking against NEET all day. His comment on the judiciary was wrong. It was cheap. It was disparaging. It would surely appeal to thousands of his fans and could make them lose faith in the integrity of the judiciary. It most probably amounted to criminal contempt, for which the best course would be to issue a notice to Suriya, hear him and decide the case according to law.  

If Suriya’s reference to court and video-conference hearings in his statement was only to the supreme court and its hearings, and not to the Madras High Court and its hearings, then the supreme court alone will have jurisdiction to initiate or entertain a case of criminal contempt against the actor, and not the Madras High Court. Since the high court has, in its order, analysed his case in great detail on merits, the legal question if Suriya committed criminal contempt is examined here – whichever be the court that will have jurisdiction over the case.

The law of contempt of court is designed to protect the honour and dignity of judges who cannot be expected to engage in a dialogue with outsiders and counter any false accusations or baseless disparaging remarks hurled at judges.  Such protection is in the interest of the public, and is therefore regarded as protection for the public.  There is no law on “contempt of the prime minister” or “contempt of chief ministers” or contempt of political functionaries or other classes of people.  All these persons can go to court against their accusers or may trade charges in the open, within legal limits, but a sitting judge cannot and must not do all that.  Hence the need to protect the honour and dignity of our judges on such occasions, employing the court’s Constitutional and statutory powers to try and punish for contempt.  A court may not brandish those powers with gusto or too often, nor keep them tucked in always. Using them is a fine art.

Copyright © R. Veera Raghavan 2020

(A comment: The tone of comments made by Suriya betrays his lack of honesty in the issue – his sincere concerns for students going for NEET test. He had a contempt for the judges more than his concerns for students – there may be many reasons for this attitude towards judges sitting in Supreme Court, which we may not go into here. Mr. Suriya – and we all – should remember that it is in our own interest that the dignity and respect of judges are protected. In the absence of a powerful judiciary and respected judges, there would be a state of “Might is right” in the country. In my opinion, it is wise thing sometimes to ignore a wrong act even – when punishing that wrong may cause more harm than holing a wrong person accountable. We hope Suriya will behave proper in future.)

Farmers Bills – Make Farmers Share in Profit of Sponsers – Freedom of Selling is Not Enough

This piece is meant for those who have a vision of spiritual India as foreseen by Ramakrishna Paramhansa, Vivekananda, Sri Aurobindo and many more Yogis like them.  One with materialist values would find no merit or taste in it – and better would not read any further. It is about the future of India as a spiritual giant, for the betterment of humanity. It neither opposes any political party or leader nor supports any one of them.  It looks to this India only.

We all know US, China and, like them, many other developed countries produce agricultural stuffs – almonds, tomatoes, fruits and the like – far far better in quality than India produces. But do we all know the reason why the farmers of those countries can produce – and Indian farmers cannot produce – those agricultural items of the better quality?

It is the availability of technology that makes this difference – and this availability of technology depends on the availability of money. If you have money you too can have and deploy technology. And, if you can have and deploy technology, you too can make money. It is the proverbial riddle: “Hen is the first or egg is the first.” It is a vicious cycle. Indian farmers are poor; they don’t have money; they cannot have technology; they cannot produce better almonds than USA. And, they cannot earn money like US farmers earn.

But this world is an open market. US will sell in India its better almonds but India cannot sell its almonds in USA because it is of inferior quality. Selling one’s almonds – all goods – makes economy of that country strong; it makes the living standard of its people better; it makes its currency strong – it will be no more, 1 dollar equal to 70 rupees; it makes its security measures – military and things like them – strong. It is the dilemma that India has been facing for 75 years and now Modi’s Indian government has sought to solve this dilemma; it is for this reason that this government has introduced two bills relating to farmers and farming activity in India and got them passed in Lok Sabha.

The solution provided by these bills in effect is to see that capital is invested – by those who have this capital – in agriculture to bring and deploy technology. It is a solution provided by capitalism.

Capitalism is a versatile engine of economic growth – it is time tested for its unrivaled efficacy in that matter – but unbridled capitalism is not good for humans. Capitalism is moved on the wheels of profit – greed – and greed knows no limits. Here, money – capital – buys everything and can buy anything: if you have money you can buy Moon and Mars – and who would not like to have Moon and Mars! This is human nature.

But India is a land of saints and Yogis, who tamed human nature towards higher and better goal. India should not be an open field for an unbridled capitalism, invented and perfected by the western civilization. Privatization is capitalism – if you have money you can buy railways, airports and anything you like. Of course if you buy, you buy to earn profits – and if you want to earn profits, you alone are not there to so earn profit, there are many like you; there is competition among all such persons to give at the lesser price and of the better quality of services or products out of the bought and privately owned assets.

This is the secret of the success of capitalism as a versatile engine of economic growth. India needs to tamper this capitalists’ engine of economic development to suit Indian culture and spiritual vision. We are talking here about the two Bills concerning farmers that have been passed by Lok Sabha of Parliament.

The first bill is titled as “The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020. This Bill is intended to create an ecosystem where the farmers and traders would enjoy the freedom of sale and purchase of farmers’ produce. It will facilitate remunerative prices of farmers’ produce through competitive trading outside the physical markets under various State (agricultural market) legislation. This trading will be a barrier-free, inter-State and intra-State, and on an electronic trading facilitative framework. It is a welcome thing for farmers.

Section 4 (1) of this Bill gives right to any trader to engage in the inter-State trade or intra-State trade of scheduled farmers’ produce with a farmer or another trader in a trade area. Here, traders and farmers both have right to engage in such trading. But will the farmers be able to engage in such trading? This is the financial – capital – weakness of the farmer, which makes him unable to engage in such trading. Were he in a position to trade, he would have been rich by now and there would not have been need to bring these two laws in Parliament. He cannot trade; he is weak in possessing money.

This Bill – this law – is enough. Today it is easy  on an electronic platform like Whats App for an Uttar Pradesh farmer to talk to and negotiate with, say a store keeper of agricultural items in Gujrat or Assam or Karnataka, for selling his stuff on better price. Today he will somehow arrange his transport and tomorrow he will have his own trucks out of the profits earned by selling to a store keeper in Gujarat. This law is good. This law is sufficient. But this freedom of the farmer has been compromised by the second Bill.

The second bill is titled, “The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020. Under Section 3 (1) of this proposed law a farmer may enter into a written farming agreement in respect of any farming produce with a  “Sponsor” for the purchase a farming produce. Who is this “sponsor”? He is the person (a company, firm and things like them) who has money – that is, he a capitalist.

It looks good that farmers will be able to do free trading of their produce inter and intra states and also free to enter into a willing agreements with sponsors – but in the real world things are not going to be so rosy for farmers. Sponsor means a company – or still better, multinational company – who have lots of money. They can – and they will – allure farmers with better money offerings to agree to more and more onerous conditions, which conditions would put not only the “agreeing farmer” but other unconcerned but neighboring farmers also under undue restrictive conditions – like they cannot take waters to their fields through the field under agreement or even walk to their nearby fields through them. They too would be forced by the money of the sponsors to agree to enter into agreements with those sponsors – this much is for the freedom of farmers to enter or not to enter into agreements under this Bill. Such things have already happened to unwilling land-holders in the past.

There are other facets of undesirable consequences that may – and would – come to farmers in the real world. It is but certain that they would be reduced to mere “chowkidars” and “manual laborers” on their own land for the sponsors. One should keep in mind that greed – the desire for more and more profit – has no mercy; it has no limits; it invents and discovers ever new ways and means to squeeze and extract. This greed has brought the present cultural calamity to the Western world – and in comparison, India is still an island of peace!  We do not wish to go into them in details here – any wise person can foresee them!

One Bill – the freedom of farmers to trade was enough. Let the farmers do trading of their crops – unhindered within the State and beyond the State, and even beyond India (by allowing them to have easy export licence). Was it not enough? What was the need now – before allowing farmers the freedom to trade inter and intra States – to bring another Bill of freedom for sponsors to enter into agreement with farmers for sowing crops in their lands? Reading these two Bills together, is it not the freedom for sponsors – and not for farmers – to do trading in their crops?

There is one antidote to the poison of an unbridled greed for more and more profits of the sponsors, which would make these farmers healthy: Make farmers entitled to share a percentage in the profit of the sponsers! After all, for doing an agriculture business by the sponsors the farmers are providing a necessary asset – critical infrastructure – in the form of their land. Why should a farmer not be a partner in the business and profit itself – and only reduced to a mere willing seller of his produce, which brings profit to the sponsor?

This percentage of the profit earned out of the business founded on his land may be 10 or 20% and must be incorporated in the bill itself as a mandatory condition. Of course, sponsors would not like to share their profits. But it is for the government to stand with the farmers to make them equal in strength with the strength of the money of the sponsors. Farmers’ India is 80% of this country. And villages where they live their way of life are the bedrock of India’s culture and spiritual ethos. They all  most likely will be polluted by these sponsors of agriculture. It is changing India beyond recognition and forever.

India is not to follow the west in its life and ways, said Sri Aurobindo. And it includes the economic way also.

Is this way a feasible thing? Will the Indian government adopt this solution? Is the Indian political leadership capable to adopt such path? It can be done by India. But there is a big condition for any political leader to be able to do it. One needs to give supremacy to spiritual vision in dealing with worldly matters like money, profits, business, trade etc., has to enjoy the trust of people and on the strength of that trust to come out of the clutches of the private money. It is a Herculean task. If an extremely popular leader like Modi is not able to do it, nobody else can do it.

In any case, Divine forces are at their work as ever to mold things in our world. It will take its own time to shape things and events here – and humans – and their leaders – are mere instruments in the hands of Divine. If  India is to rise as a spiritual guide of humanity, it will have to chart a new course, a course other than imitating the Western capitalism.

Educational Degrees, Politicians and Character

A former IPS officer

I was so upbeat when Shashi Tharoor came into politics in 2009. I still remember talking to so many of my NRI friends on how the politics of India will change for better with highly accomplished and intelligent people like him joining politics.

Then by 2013, I was disillusioned with Congress and felt Anna Hazare supported by IITian Kejriwal, IPS Kiran Bedi, great actor Aamir Khan will usher in a new change in India. I even donated to “India Against Corruption” and went to Ramlila maidaan to shout slogans in their favour with great hopes.

Now if I look back at it, the only thing I can do is laugh at myself. But I am happy that I realised the biggest flaw in my thinking.

The reason we support people like Shashi Tharoor or a Kejriwal is they are well educated. We are brainwashed from childhood that education is equal to goodness. No, it is not so.

Chidambaram is MBA from Harvard and we all know what he did. Mani Shankar Aiyar is from Cambridge – We all know what kind of rubbish he speaks. Kapil Sibal is Harvard Law graduate and all he does is write mercy petitions for terrorists and sells beef.

It is not that Congress didn’t have highly educated people in the Party. There were lots of them but they were all crooks. And a highly educated crook is even more dangerous than an uneducated fool, as he can dupe you in even more innovative ways. Everyone from Islamic invaders to Britishers were supported by highly educated and intelligent Indians.

But alas, we Indians love them to lord over the country! So the rulers of India cultivated a group of crooks who were well read to rule over us and keep us poor. And Chachaji and his family also continued this trend and cultivated a group of highly educated crooks to rule India. Today we call this group as “Lootyens” as they stay in an area called Lutyens in Delhi and loot us.

What is the change that BJP and Modi brought into politics? It made jokers like me realise that Ivy League degree doesn’t make you a patriot, inculcate honesty or bring goodness in you. On the contrary, people who cultivate their character and personality on the basis of ethos of culture and civilisation of India have patriotism and goodness in them.

Do this experiment if you don’t believe me: You go into any random RSS Shakha in any part of the country and any time in the year and see for yourself what they teach those students there – It is patriotism, service, goodness, honesty and simplicity. These are virtues, which are in short supply in India and this country needs them badly. It is done there every day and all throughout the year. Tell me which Ivy League University, IIT, IIM, St Stephens, Doon school or any school where you pay lakhs of rupees as fees teach them?

I have been to world’s top Universities, have 6 degrees but no where my education taught me patriotism or goodness. It is my dad who taught me and the books I read written by Swami Vivekananda or the man I idolise Shaheed Bhagat Singh who did this.

RSS shakhas do it for all the Sangh goers everyday. Hence people like Modi are so patriotic and honest. I don’t care if he went to school or he has MA or not.

A person who reads Swami Vivekanand or goes to a RSS Shakha is any day better than a crook with an IIT or Harvard degree. Yes, that is what we need to realise. Believe in your own ethos or the goodness of your own country. You will be far better than believing in those degrees.

पूरा बाॅलीवुड नंगा – लगभग सभी “हीरो” पाकिस्तान की ISI के ऐजेन्ट

Drug Mafia, Terrorism and Film Industry

Due credit to the unknown original author

One person was arrested for possession of cocaine in 2001. It was 9 gms and the case came under Narcotics Act wherein he was to go to jail for 10-20 years. But he somehow managed to show in the court that it was less than 1 gm and got a lesser punishment under drug rehabilitation law, and he underwent for only one year according to drug rehabitilation program. But in reality it was a big drug deal of 9 kg cocaine, which was supposed to be delivered to a pop singer, son of a politician and an actor at an HSBC ATM location at Bandra.

One kg cocaine costs 1 crore rupees roughly and it hardly takes 10000 rupees to manufacture. Hence with 10000 % profit the trade is so lucrative that they take high risk to move it to the end customer. One gm costs 10,000 rupees and they need lot of “rich customers or desperate people” to buy it. So they have spread their business among the movie industry in India.

Mumbai is the worst case in this respect. Next is Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Chennai and Kerala. In fact Bengaluru drug mafia is run by one particular group from a southern state and some “peaceful politicians” in Bengaluru. Their modus operandi is different. They have set up few casinos in Sri Lanka and recruited some actresses to front it. These actresses arrange parties in casinos and the richies and druggies go there and have rave parties. The actresses get huge money.

Hence minor actresses like Ragini and Sanjana who hardly made any movies were living like millionaires and they were fronting drugs for one Faisal who runs those casinos and is a close confidante of a “peaceful politician” who was also allegedly involved in Bengaluru Kothmirisoppu riot. Recently a Nigerian drug peddler was caught in Hyderabad and he exposed lot of names in Telugu cinema. The case was hushed up by the mafia as there were too many biggies involved.

Coming back to Fardeen, the cocaine dealer who supplied him was Aslam Sheikh and his distributor was Ghomes. In 2012 both were let off by Mumbai court saying police didn’t produce any evidence against them though they were caught red handed dealing with narcotics! That is how the law enforcing authorities work in tandem with junky dealers. Hence you see so much of support for Rhea from the law enforcing authorities. That is why the case had to be transferred to CBI and Narcotics Bureau.

There is huge money involved in drugs. So no local law enforcing authority will kill the drug business as they make huge money out of this. This drug money is put in movie business as it is easy to peddle drugs when movie walas are involved. In Bengaluru a rave party happened, which they say is India’s biggest rave party, and there were four prominent movie actors involved. But even their names didn’t come out and the case was hushed up as some neta’s sons were involved.

IT capital and huge salaries and drugs what more do you need? And then it’s the ghettos where retail peddling happens. The Padarayanapura anti-covid riots were instigated by the local ganja dealer who happens to be a “peaceful lady” as she was upset by the frequent visits of covid officials that were hampering her trade!

The drug money also finances movies as it is easy to make black money white and also it involves lot of cash. Next the money is also fronted on jewellery business as it is easy to send money out. Now one may join the dots – Fardeen Khan is from the film industry. He hasn’t made a movie in 10 years but is living life so luxuriously! Farah Ali Khan is a cousin of Fardeen and is in Jewellery business and her hubby is a DJ who arranges disco parties!

Kangana has openly claimed a prominent movie star, who was her ex-friend, was snorting and even got admitted in a hospital due to overdose. His estranged wife who is cousin of Fardeen is also allegedly a cokey and she is also in jewellery and interior business with another movie star who is also supposed to be a junkie! Imagine this part-time actor who hardly makes a movie in 3 years (and only plays supporting roles) celebrated his birthday in Morocco and invited all the biggies in Bollywood! The resort where they stayed cost 2.5 lakhs per day! How can a side actor make so much money to celebrate a birthday like that? Is he an Ambani or Tata?

This guy is also very very upset with Rhea and is abusing the Modi govt. He is very close to Farhan Akhtar and acted in his movies. The Mercedes Benz which was used by Rhea to go to the police station is owned by Zoya Akhtar. Would you give your car for a murder accused to go to court? Well, if you think all this is just about some weed as depicted by drug mafia spokespersons Ungali bai and Tipseee, think twice! The whole drug mafia is controlled by the D gang who live in Pakistan and that is how ISI makes money to fund terror in India. In this way, we are paying them money to fund terrorism in our country. Hence all the movie drug mafia loves Pakistan so much.

This is why Modi wants to dismantle this evil nexus. Therefore, he brought Rakesh Asthana into Narcotics Bureau and this SSR murder case has given an opening into the whole thing. Let us see how much they will break this nexus. In short this SSR murder is not about a silly Rhea. She is just a little fish In the vast ocean of drug mafia.

Amending Indian Constitution – “Basic Structure” is a Bogus Concept

Parmanand Pandey, Advocate, Supreme Court (Secretary General IPC)

Kesavanad Bharti Judgement Needs to be Set aside. Kesavanand Bharti vs the State of Kerala, more known as the Fundamental Rights case, as decided by the Supreme Court of India, way back in 1973, has again come into focus, due to the death of Keshavanand Bharati Swami ji. I pay my respectful tribute to Swami ji.

This case, without doubt, brought a paradigm change in the Indian judicial history. It is the longest judgement by the largest bench till date. However, with the greatest of deference, it must be said that it is totally erroneous judgment and therefore, needs to be revisited and reconsidered.

Firstly, this case was not decided by all 13 judges of the bench as it was signed only nine judges. Four judges outrightly refused to sign on the judgement. Thus, the wafer-thin majority of 7:6 in this judgement was obtained by dubious means. Chief Justice S M Sikri wrote a summary on behalf of the judges to assert the principle of the basic structure, which was dealt at length by Justice H R Khanna. There is no concept of writing the summary of the judgement and hence the ratio decidendi is missing. Every judge is supposed to write his/ her own judgement or concur with the judgement authored by a fellow judge. But how can one judge write the summary of the judgement?

Out of nine judges, who signed on the judgement, two had categorically spoken about the supremacy of the Parliament, which had unfettered powers to amend the constitution. Since Chief Justice Sikri was to retire in a day so the judges could not get time to write their own independent judgement. It was the reason that four of the judges did not at all append their signatures on the judgement.

So, how can it be treated to be a bench of 13 judges? Even otherwise also, it is the Will of the people that are represented through Parliament, which is supreme and that cannot be shackled. Courts cannot usurp or appropriate the powers of Parliament from legislating any law which reflects the people’s Will.

Unfortunately, this tendency has more grown in the courts after the Kesavanand Bharti case.

The concept of ‘basic structure’ is very vague and ambiguous. We find that it has been increasing like the ‘Saari of Draupadi’ depending on the caprices of the judges. Here is a hypothetical question if some people say that Westminster form of democracy is unfit for this country and they seek the vote of the public of the country on this plank itself. Suppose for a moment that the overwhelming majority positively responds to in favour of discarding the Westminster form of democracy. Then can anybody stop them from changing the so-called basic structure of the constitution?

This theory of ‘basic structure’ is hogwash and fallacious theory. The constitution is a living organism and it has to constantly evolve itself as per the changing social, economic and political needs of the people. The scientific and technological developments must provide the push to the constitution, which cannot remain tethered to the rigidity.

Hence, the basic structure does not fall in the domain of the Courts, it is the sole prerogative of the Parliament. What we have seen in the NJAC case is nothing but the negation of the Will of the people. The Parliament will have to take a call to ensure that the freedom obtained after a long struggle and sacrifices of countless heroes remains well preserved. It cannot be left to be the subject matter of the skullduggery of the judges and the obfuscation created by the luxury-loving advocates.

“बाॅलीवुड गैंग” भारत को बरबाद करने पर तुला है

अक्सर कहा जाता है कि बॉलीवुड की फिल्में हिंदू और सिख धर्म के खिलाफ लोगों के दिमाग में धीमा ज़हर भर रही हैं। इस शिकायत की सच्चाई जानने के लिए अहमदाबाद में इंडियन इंस्टीट्यूट ऑफ मैनेजमेंट (आईआईएम) के एक प्रोफेसर ने एक अध्ययन किया है। इसके नतीजे चौंकाने वाले हैं। आईआईएम के प्रोफेसर धीरज शर्मा ने बीते छह दशक की 50 बड़ी फिल्मों की कहानी को अपने अध्ययन में शामिल किया और पाया कि बॉलीवुड एक सोची-समझी रणनीति के तहत बीते करीब 50 साल से लोगों के दिमाग में यह बात भर रहा है कि हिंदू और सिख दकियानूसी होते हैं। उनकी धार्मिक परंपराएं बेतुकी होती हैं। मुसलमान हमेशा नेक और उसूलों पर चलने वाले होते हैं। जबकि ईसाई नाम वाली लड़कियां बदचलन होती हैं।

हिंदुओं में कथित ऊंची जातियां ही नहीं, पिछड़ी जातियों के लिए भी रवैया नकारात्मक ही है। यह पहली बार है जब बॉलीवुड फिल्मों की कहानियों और उनके असर पर इतने बड़े पैमाने पर अध्ययन किया गया है।

आईआईएम के इस अध्ययन के अनुसार फिल्मों में 58 फीसदी भ्रष्ट नेताओं को ब्राह्मण दिखाया गया है। 62 फीसदी फिल्मों में बेइमान कारोबारी को वैश्य सरनेम वाला दिखाया गया है। फिल्मों में 74 फीसदी सिख किरदार मज़ाक का पात्र बनाया गया। जब किसी महिला को बदचलन दिखाने की बात आती है तो 78 फीसदी बार उनके नाम ईसाई वाले होते हैं। 84 प्रतिशत फिल्मों में मुस्लिम किरदारों को मजहब में पक्का यकीन रखने वाला, बेहद ईमानदार दिखाया गया है। यहां तक कि अगर कोई मुसलमान खलनायक हो तो वो भी उसूलों का पक्का होता है।

हैरानी इस बात की है कि यह लंबे समय से चल रहा है और अलग-अलग समय की फिल्मों में इस मैसेज को बड़ी सफाई से फिल्मी कहानियों के साथ बुना जाता है। अध्ययन के तहत रैंडम तरीके से 1960 से हर दशक की 50-50 फिल्में चुनी गईं। इनमें A से लेकर Z तक हर शब्द की 2 से 3 फिल्में चुनी गईं। ताकि फिल्मों के चुनाव में किसी तरह पूर्वाग्रह न रहे। अध्ययन के नतीजों से साफ झलकता है कि फिल्म इंडस्ट्री किसी एजेंडे पर काम कर रही है।

प्रोफेसर धीरज शर्मा कहते हैं कि “मैं बहुत कम फिल्में देखता हूं। लेकिन कुछ दिन पहले किसी के साथ मैंने बजरंगी भाईजान फिल्म देखी। मैं हैरान था कि भारत में बनी इस फिल्म में ज्यादातर भारतीयों को तंग सोच वाला, दकियानूसी और भेदभाव करने वाला दिखाया गया है। जबकि आम तौर पर ज्यादातर पाकिस्तानी खुले दिमाग के और इंसान के बीच में फर्क नहीं करने वाले दिखाए गए हैं।”

यही देखकर उन्होंने एक तथ्यात्मक अध्ययन करने का फैसला किया। वह यह जानना चाहते थे कि फिल्मों के जरिए लोगों के दिमाग में गलत सोच भरने के जो आरोप लगते हैं क्या वाकई वो सही हैं? यह अध्ययन काफी महत्वपूर्ण है क्योंकि फिल्में नौजवान लोगों के दिमाग, व्यवहार, भावनाओं और उनके सोचने के तरीके को प्रभावित करती हैं। यह देखा गया है कि फिल्मों की कहानी और चरित्रों के बर्ताव की लोग निजी जीवन में नकल करने की कोशिश करते हैं।

प्रोफेसर धीरज और उनकी टीम ने 20 ऐसी फिल्मों को भी अध्ययन में शामिल किया जो पिछले कुछ साल में पाकिस्तान में भी रिलीज की गईं। उनके अनुसार इनमें से 18 में पाकिस्तानी लोगों को खुले दिल और दिमाग वाला, बहुत सलीके से बात करने वाला और हिम्मतवाला दिखाया गया है। सिर्फ पाकिस्तान की सरकार को इसमें कट्टरपंथी और तंग नजरिए वाला दिखाया जाता है। ऐसे में सवाल आता है कि हर फिल्म भारतीय लोगों को पाकिस्तानियों के मुकाबले कम ओपन-माइंडेड और कट्टरपंथी सोच वाला क्यों दिखा रही है? इतना ही नहीं इन फिल्मों में भारत की सरकार को भी बुरा दिखाया जाता है। पाकिस्तान में रिलीज़ हुई ज्यादातर फिल्मों में भारतीय अधिकारी अड़ंगेबाजी करने वाले और जनता की भावनाओं को नहीं समझने वाले दिखाए जाते हैं।

फिल्मों के जरिए इमेज बनाने-बिगाड़ने का ये खेल 1970 के दशक के बाद से तेजी से बढ़ा है। जबकि पिछले एक दशक में यह काम सबसे ज्यादा किया गया है। 1970 के दशक के बाद ही फिल्मों में सलीम-जावेद जैसे लेखकों का असर बढ़ा, जबकि मौजूदा दशक में सलमान, आमिर और शाहरुख जैसे खान हीरो सक्रिय रूप से अपनी फिल्मों में पाकिस्तान और इस्लाम के लिए सहानुभूति पैदा करने वाली बातें डलवा रहे हैं।

बच्चों के दिमाग पर इसका बहुत बुरा असर पडता है। अध्ययन के तहत फिल्मों के असर को जानने के लिए इन्हें 150 स्कूली बच्चों के एक सैंपल को दिखाया गया। प्रोफेसर धीरज शर्मा के अनुसार 94 प्रतिशत बच्चों ने इन फिल्मों को सच्ची घटना के तौर पर स्वीकार किया। यह माना जा सकता है कि फिल्म वाले पाकिस्तान, अरब देशों, यूरोप और अमेरिका में फैले भारतीय और पाकिस्तानी समुदाय को खुश करने की नीयत से ऐसी फिल्में बना रहे हों। लेकिन यह कहां तक उचित है कि इसके लिए हिंदुओं, सिखों और ईसाइयों को गलत रौशनी में दिखाया जाए?

वैसे भी इस्लाम को हिंदी फिल्मों में जिस सकारात्मक रूप से दिखाया जाता है, वास्तविक दुनिया में उनकी इमेज इससे बिल्कुल अलग है। आतंकवाद की ज्यादातर घटनाओं में मुसलमान शामिल होते हैं, लेकिन फिल्मों में ज्यादातर आतंकवादी के तौर पर हिंदुओं को दिखाया जाता है। जैसे कि शाहरुख खान की ‘मैं हूं ना’ में सुनील शेट्टी एक आतंकी संगठन का मुखिया बना है जो नाम से हिंदू है।

सलीम जावेद की लिखी फिल्मों में हिंदू धर्म को अपमानित करने की कोशिश सबसे ज्यादा दिखाई देती है। इसमें अक्सर अपराधियों का महिमामंडन किया जाता है। पंडित को धूर्त, ठाकुर को जालिम, बनिए को सूदखोर, सरदार को मूर्ख कॉमेडियन आदि ही दिखाया जाता है। ज्यादातर हिंदू किरदारों की जातीय पहचान पर अच्छा खासा जोर दिया जाता था। इनमें अक्सर बहुत चालाकी से हिंदू परंपराओं को दकियानूसी बताया जाता था। इस जोड़ी की लिखी तकरीबन हर फिल्म में एक मुसलमान किरदार जरूर होता था जो बेहद नेकदिल इंसान और अल्ला का बंदा होता था। इसी तरह ईसाई धर्म के लोग भी ज्यादातर अच्छे लोग होते थे।

सलीम-जावेद की फिल्मों में मंदिर और भगवान का मज़ाक आम बात थी। मंदिर का पुजारी ज्यादातर लालची, ठग और बलात्कारी किस्म का ही होता था। फिल्म “शोले” में धर्मेंद्र भगवान शिव की आड़ लेकर हेमा मालिनी को अपने प्रेमजाल में फँसाना चाहता है, जो यह साबित करता है कि मंदिर में लोग लड़कियाँ छेड़ने जाते हैं। इसी फिल्म में एके हंगल इतना पक्का नमाजी है कि बेटे की लाश को छोड़कर, यह कहकर नमाज पढ़ने चल देता है कि उसने और बेटे क्यों नहीं दिए कुर्बान होने के लिए।

दीवार फिल्म का अमिताभ बच्चन नास्तिक है और वो भगवान का प्रसाद तक नहीं खाना चाहता है, लेकिन 786 लिखे हुए बिल्ले को हमेशा अपनी जेब में रखता है और वो बिल्ला ही बार-बार अमिताभ बच्चन की जान बचाता है। फिल्म “जंजीर” में भी अमिताभ बच्चन नास्तिक हैं और जया, भगवान से नाराज होकर गाना गाती है, लेकिन शेरखान एक सच्चा मुसलमान है। फिल्म ‘शान” में अमिताभ बच्चन और शशि कपूर साधु के वेश में जनता को ठगते हैं, लेकिन इसी फिल्म में “अब्दुल” ऐसा सच्चा इंसान है जो सच्चाई के लिए जान दे देता है। फिल्म “क्रान्ति” में माता का भजन करने वाला राजा (प्रदीप कुमार) गद्दार है और करीम खान (शत्रुघ्न सिन्हा) एक महान देशभक्त, जो देश के लिए अपनी जान दे देता है।

अमर-अकबर-एंथोनी में तीनों बच्चों का बाप किशनलाल एक खूनी स्मगलर है लेकिन उनके बच्चों (अकबर और एंथोनी) को पालने वाले मुस्लिम और ईसाई बेहद नेकदिल इंसान है। कुल मिलाकर आपको सलीम-जावेद की फिल्मों में हिंदू नास्तिक मिलेगा या फिर धर्म का उपहास करने वाला। जबकि मुसलमान शेर खान पठान, डीएसपी डिसूजा, अब्दुल, पादरी, माइकल, डेविड जैसे आदर्श चरित्र देखने को मिलेंगे।

हो सकता है आपने पहले कभी इस पर ध्यान न दिया हो, लेकिन अबकी बार ज़रा गौर से देखिएगा केवल “सलीम-जावेद” की ही नहीं, बल्कि “कादर खान, कैफ़ी आजमी, महेश भट्ट” जैसे ढेरों कलाकारों की कहानियों का भी यही हाल है। “सलीम-जावेद” के दौर में फिल्म इंडस्ट्री पर दाऊद इब्राहिम का नियंत्रण काफी मजबूत हो चुका था। हम आपको बता दें कि सलीम खान सलमान खान के पिता हैं, जबकि जावेद अख्तर आजकल सबसे बड़े सेकुलर का चोला ओढ़े हुए हैं।

अब तीनों खान ने जिम्मेदारी स॔भाली हुई है। मौजूदा समय में तीनों खान एक्टर फिल्मों में हिंदू किरदार करते हुए हिंदुओं के खिलाफ माहौल बनाने में जुटे हैं। इनमें सबसे खतरनाक कोई है तो वो है आमिर खान। आमिर खान की पिछली कई फिल्मों को गौर से देखें तो आप पाएंगे कि सभी का मैसेज यही है कि भगवान की पूजा करने वाले धार्मिक लोग हास्यास्पद होते हैं। इन सभी में एक मुस्लिम कैरेक्टर जरूर होता है जो बहुत ही भला इंसान होता है। “पीके” में उन्होंने सभी हिंदू देवी-देवताओं को रॉन्ग नंबर बता दिया। लेकिन अल्लाह पर वो चुप रहे।

पहलवानों की जिंदगी पर बनी “दंगल” में हनुमान की तस्वीर तक नहीं मिलेगी। जबकि इसमें पहलवानों को मांस खाने और एक कसाई का दिया प्रसाद खाने पर ही जीतते दिखाया गया है। सलमान खान भी इसी मिशन पर हैं, उन्होंने “बजरंगी भाईजान” में हिंदुओं को दकियानूसी और पाकिस्तानियों को बड़े दिलवाला बताया। शाहरुख खान तो “माई नेम इज़ खान” जैसी फिल्मों से काफी समय से इस्लामी जिहाद का काम जारी रखे हुए हैं।

हॉलीवुड की फिल्में पूरी दुनिया में अमेरिकी संस्कृति, हावभाव और लाइफस्टाइल को पहुंचा रही हैं, जबकि बॉलीवुड की फिल्में भारतीय संस्कृति से कोसों दूर हैं। इनमें संस्कृति की कुछ बातों जैसे कि त्यौहार वगैरह को लिया तो जाता है लेकिन उनका इस्तेमाल भी गानों में किया जाता है। लगान जैसी कुछ फिल्मों में भजन वगैरह भी डाले जाते हैं लेकिन उनके साथ ही धर्म का एक ऐसा मैसेज भी जोड़ दिया जाता है कि कुल मिलाकर नतीजा नकारात्मक ही होता है।

फिल्मों के बहाने हिंदू धर्म और भारतीय परंपराओं को अपमानित करने का खेल बहुत पुराना है। सिनेमा के शुरुआती दौर में यह होता था लेकिन खुलकर नहीं। लेकिन 70 के दशक के दौरान ज्यादातर फिल्में यही बताने के लिए बनाई जाने लगीं कि मुसलमान रहमदिल और नेक इंसान होते हैं, जबकि हिंदुओं के पाखंडी और कट्टरपंथी होने की गुंजाइश अधिक होती है।

आईआईएम के प्रोफेसर धीरज शर्मा की इस स्टडी में होने वाले खुलासों ने सारे देश को झकझोर कर रख दिया है और साथ ही बीजेपी के कद्दावर नेता डॉक्टर सुब्रमणियम स्वामी के उस दावे को भी सही साबित कर दिया, जिसमे उन्होंने कहा है कि बॉलीवुड में दाऊद का कालाधन लगता है और दाऊद के इशारों पर ही बॉलीवुड का इस्लामीकरण किया जा रहा है। स्वामी समेत कई हिन्दू संगठन भी इस बात का दावा कर चुके हैं कि एक साजिश के तहत मोटी कमाई का जरिया बन चुके बॉलीवुड में “हिन्दू” कलाकारों को “किनारे” किया जा रहा है और मुस्लिम हीरो, गायक आदि को ज्यादा से ज्यादा काम दिया जा रहा है। पाकिस्तानी कलाकारों को काम देने के लिए भी दाऊद गैंग बॉलीवुड पर दबाव बनाता है।

माउन्ट ऐवरेस्ट नही, माउन्ट सिकदर कहिये

राधानाथ सिकदर ! कौन राधानाथ सिकदर ? इनको कोई नही जानता। हाय रे, गुलाम भारत ! लेकिन गुलामी खत्म होने के बाद भी, वही हाल है। कौन राधानाथ सिकदर ? इसे जानिये और माउन्ट ऐवरेस्ट नही, माउन्ट सिकदर कहिये और आजाद भारत के अज्ञान पर रोइये!


भारत पर “असहिष्णुता” का ईल्जाम क्यों? दुनिया में खून-खराबे का जिम्मेदार कौन ?

 ललित आभार

दुनिया ने दो विश्व युद्ध देखे है। पहले विश्व युद्ध में 85 लाख लोगों को अपनी जान से हाथ धोना पड़ा था। दूसरे विश्व युद्ध की शुरुवात 1939 में हुई, इसमें मरने वालों की आधिकारिक संख्या 7 करोड़ से अधिक थी। इन दोनों युद्धों में कुल 16 देशों ने भाग लिया। इसमें से 15 इसाई देश थे और एक मुस्लिम देश तुर्की शामिल था। दूसरा विश्व युद्ध 9 अगस्त 1945 के दिन – यानी जापान पर एटम बम गिराने वाले दिन – समाप्त हुआ।

अगर आप आकड़ों पर नज़र डालें तो एक अनुमान के मुताबिक इस्लाम ने अपने जन्म से लेकर अब तक अपने धर्म के प्रचार में दुनिया भर में 270 करोड़ लोगों की हत्या की। ईसाईयों ने पूरे यूरोप और एशिया को मिलाकर 110 करोड़ इंसानों की हत्या केवल कैथोलिक चर्च के कहने पर की, जिसमे 90 लाख महिलायें थी। दुनिया को सभ्यता का पाठ पढ़ाने वाले अमेरिका द्वारा दस करोड़ सभ्य लोगों की हत्या स्पेन के पादरियों के नेतृत्व में कर दी गयी। सोवियत संघ में स्टालिन ने 1 करोड़ से ज्यादा लोगों को मौत के घाट उतारा। हिटलर ने 60 लाख यहूदियों को मारा।

यह सब जानकारी “public domain” मे है और कोई भी इसको इंटरनैट पर गूगल आदि से सर्च कर सकता है।

अमेरिका ने 70 के दशक में लेबनान पर हमला किया। अस्सी के दशक में अफगानिस्तान पर हमला किया। नब्बे के दशक में सोमालिया पर हमला किया। वहीँ ईराक ने नब्बे के दशक में ही कुवैत पर हमला किया। 21वी शताब्दी में अमेरिका ने फिर ईराक पर हमला किया। यानि इसाई और मुस्लिम देशों ने दूसरे मुस्लिम और इसाई देशों पर अपने प्रभुत्व और व्यवसायिक हितो के लिए हमले किये और करोड़ों लोगों का खून बहाया।

मुसलमानों ने तो भारत में 7वी शताब्दी से ही हिन्दुऔं का खून बहाना शुरू कर दिया था। 80 के दशक से अकेले काश्मीर में ही 2 लाख से ज्यादा हिन्दुओ की हत्या कर दी गई।

आज इस्लाम दुनिया में सबसे ज्यादा तेज़ी से फैलता साम्प्रदाय है। मैंने कुछ साल पहले टाइम्स ऑफ़ इंडिया में एक लेख पढ़ा था। उस लेख के अनुसार 2012 में इंडोनेशिया के मुसलमानों ने वहां के ईसाईयों को इस्लाम कुबूल करने की धमकी दी और ना कबूल करने की दशा में गला काट देने को कहा गया। इसकेबाद हजारों की संख्या में ईसाईयों ने इस्लाम कूबुला। उन्हें खतना करवाना पड़ा ताकि उनकी मुस्लिम के रूप में पहचान हो सके।

अल्जीरिया के लोग सालों से इस्लामिक कट्टरपंथियों और वहां की सेना के संघर्ष में पिस रहे हैं। नाईजेरिया में मुसलमानों का खूनी संघर्ष चरम पर है। वहां ईसाईयों के चर्चो को जला दिया गया। मिस यूनिवर्स के कार्यक्रम के दौरान “This Day” नामक स्थानीय अखबार का दफ्तर इस्लामिक कट्टरपंथियों द्वारा जला दिया गया। केन्या में वहां की लोकतान्त्रिक सरकार के विरुद्ध वहां के मुस्लिम संघठनो ने जेहाद का ऐलान किया हुआ है। सूडान में गृह युद्ध के दौरान मुसलमनो और ईसाईयों में भयंकर युद्ध हुआ और आज भी जारी है।

19वी शताब्दी के मध्य में यानी 1860 में लेबनान में वहां के ईसाईयों की हत्या मुसलमानों ने की। सत्तर के दशक में लेबनान में गृह युद्ध छिड़ गया जो नब्बे की दशक की शुरुवात में जाकर खत्म हुआ, जिसमे 1 लाख से अधिक लेबनानी मारे गए, हज़ारों औरतों का सड़कों पर बलात्कार किया गया।

उपरोक्त इन सभी युद्धों मे और मार काट करने और खून खराबा करने में केवल मुस्लमान और ईसाई देश ही शामिल थे।

लेकिन फिर भी भारत जिसने मानव सभ्यता की शुरुआत से लेकर आज तक किसी भी देश पर हमला नहीं किया, मार काट नही मचाई, खून खराबा नही किया, उसे ही आज दुनिया का सबसे “असहिष्णु” देश बताया जा रहा है और हिन्दूऔं को सबसे बड़ा “अराजकवादी” कहा जा रहा है।

मार काट मचाने वाले, खूनखराबा करने वाले, अराजकतावादी और असहिष्णु कौन हैं – इस्लामी और इसाई या सनातनी हिन्दू ? हिन्दुऔ पर झूठा इल्जाम कब तक लगाया जायेगा ? दोषी लोगों को कब तक पाक साफ बताया जायेगा ? यह ढोंग कब तक चलेगा ? इस झूठ और फरेब से कब तक दुनिया को ठगा जायेगा ? कहते हैं झूठ के पांव नही होते – लेकिन यहां तो झूठ दौड रहा है।

दुनिया को देर सबेर सच को मानना ही होगा।

India China Military Conflict – Resources and Realistic Assessment

As on Sept 8, 2020 at 10 PM:

Weakness of Chinese underbelly – larger than life image of its PLA; flooding and economy; shifting of foreign production business out of China; hit on its exports; joblessness; one child policy and its aging populatin; food shortage, famine and diseases; US threat in South China Sea; emergence of Indo-Pacific production and trade hub comprasing India, Japan and Australia to REPLACE CHINA; Climate change and regular annual flooding of China;



As on August 30, 2020: How India slapped the Chinese in Himalya and administered their own medicine to Chinese.


Indian offensive to retake Chinese seized territory: The hidden story

भारत निर्माण मे बिहार का योगदान

“Param Veer Chakra” and Savitri Vikram Khanolkar

The Param Vir Chakra was designed by Savitri Khanolkar, a Swiss national whose real name was Eve Yvonne Maday de Maros. She had married an Indian army officer named Vikram Ramji Khanolkar. She was born in Neuchatel, Switzerland to a Hungarian father and Russian mother. Her father André de Maday was a Professor of Sociology at Geneva University, while her mother, Marthe Hentzelt, taught at the Rosseau Institute.

In 1929, she met Vikram Khanolkar, a young Indian Army cadet, undergoing training at Sandhurst, who had come to Switzerland for a break. She was still a teenager then, however both fell in love, though Vikram was much older to her. She came to India in 1932, though her father was not too keen on it and married Vikram in Lucknow. She changed her name to Savitri Bai after marriage.

Inspite of her European background she quickly adapted to the Hindu traditions and way of life. She became a vegetarian, learnt to speak fluent Marathi, Hindi and Sanskrit, and also learnt Indian music, dance and painting.

She called herself an European with an Indian soul and never liked being called a foreigner. She had a deep interest in the Hindu Puranas, which she read extensively, as well as studied India’s ancient history and it’s legends.

Major Hira Lal Atal, who was first indigenous Adjutant General of independent India, on being impressed of her knowledge of Indian traditions and spiritual literature, asked her help in designing the Param Vir Chakra.
Drawing on her extensive knowledge of the Puranas, Savitri Bai thought of Rishi Dadichi, who gave up his own body for Indra to make the deadly Vajra or thunderbolt. She came up with the design of double Vajra, a common Tibetan motif then.

The Param Vir Chakra is cast in bronze with a radius of 13/8 inch. In the centre, on a raised circle, is the Ashoka stambh, surrounded by four replicas of Indra’s Vajra, flanked by swords.

Incidentally the first recipient of PVC, Major Somnath Sharma, was the brother in law of Savitri Bai’s elder daughter Kumudini, who died while fighting at the Battle of Badgam during the 1948 War with Pakistan.

She also did a lot of social work, helping the families of soldiers killed in war, as well as partition refugees. After her husband passed away in 1952, Savitri Bai sought refuge in spirituality and spent her later years with the Ramakrishna Math. She also wrote a book on the Saints of Maharashtra. She passed away on 26 Nov 1990 at the age of 77, after leading a truly remarkable life.

A Swiss national of mixed Hungarian-Russian descent, married to an Indian Army officer, adopted to the Hindu ethos well and designed the Param Vir Chakra … What a lady! We remember her fondly.

Dented Judiciary, Mahatma Gandhi and Emboldened Prashant Bhushan

(Note by editor after the court awarded punishment of a fine of Rupee 1/- to Prashant Bhushan for his comviction of the charge of the contempt of court.

One dimension of the concept of “equality before law” is that when handing out justice the court should be blind to see the person standing before it. The Supreme Court had once laid down the law, “However high you may be, law is above you”. And, the law is what the judge says of it – it is the freedom and the power of a judge. In the case of Prashant Bhushan, just substitute an ordinary person in place of Prashant Bhushan standing before the court accused – and convicted – of the charge of contempt of court and then imagine the consequences. The author of this article has rightly hit this aspect of the law by posing a supposition: Suppose Modi had said what Prashant Bhushan said, the whole hell would have broken loose over him for daring to say so!

The net result is: The Indian judiciary has been dented and Prashant Bhushan has become more bold.

News from press: Prashant Bhushan posed for a photograph at a press conference holding up a Re 1 coin in his hand and announced: “I propose to submit to the order and respectfully pay the fine.”)

By R. Veera Raghavan

Prashant Bhushan is a lawyer and activist – not a Mahatma Gandhi in any way like he fervently projected himself earlier this month.  He did so when the court was hearing him to decide if it should award any punishment for two contempt-of-court charges it upheld against him.

The supreme court first examined Prashant Bhushan’s defence to the two charges of contempt of court, but was not convinced and found him guilty on both the charges on 14th August. As a next step, it heard him on what punishment would be right for his offence. That was when Prashant filed an elaborate statement which included these lines. “I can only humbly paraphrase what the father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi had said in his trial: I do not ask for mercy. I do not appeal to magnanimity.  I am here, therefore, to cheerfully submit to any penalty that can lawfully be inflicted upon me for what the Court has determined to be an offence, and what appears to me to be the highest duty of a citizen.”

To know why Prashant sounded hollow and pretentious in comparing himself with Mahatma Gandhi, consider a few things.

Prashant Bhushan has ongoing proceedings against him for contempt of court on three charges.  The first is about a statement he made in a 2009 interview to Tehelka magazine when he said: “In my view, out of the last 16 to 17 chief justices, half have been corrupt. I can’t prove this though we had evidence against ____, ____ and ____ (the 3 names he said are omitted here) on the basis of which we sought their impeachment.”

Prashant is a seasoned lawyer. He knew he had no proof on his claim, and he said it too in his interview. Still he went public with his claim. When he had to explain himself to the supreme court in an affidavit, the core of his reply was “That is my honest and bona fide perception” and he built his defence on that plank, offering no proof for his accusation – and he knows what proof means in a court.

The supreme court is yet to give its finding on the charge over his 2009 statement, and the hearing in this case comes up next month.  Of the three charges against Prashant, this one reflects his severest attack on the supreme court and its many chief justices, with no proof against the judges he had in mind. So be sure that Prashant will want to look more Gandhian over here too.

The second charge of contempt the supreme court laid against Prashant was about his tweet in June this year, alleging that in the last six years democracy had been destroyed in India even without a formal Emergency and that the supreme court, especially its last four chief justices, had played a particular role in that destruction.  The third charge against him, less severe than the other two, is about his another tweet in June this year, cheaply commenting on the photo of the present chief justice mounted on a motorcycle on its stand, as if the chief justice was responsible for the supreme court “denying citizens their fundamental right to access justice” because it was on lockdown mode.

The supreme court has already found Prashant guilty of contempt on the second and third charges and will soon pronounce punishment for the same, while the hearing on the first charge is yet to be completed.  Let the court form its opinion.  Meanwhile, scores of well-known lawyers, retired civil servants, former judges, activists, writers, journalists and public men have come out in support of Prashant on all the three charges against him and are critical of the supreme court in this regard. All this, as also Prashant’s claim to be Gandhi-like, need a look.

Are you attracted to Mahatma Gandhi and his ways and the all-round effect of what he did humbly, truthfully and steadfastly? Do you also know what Prashant Bhushan had said for which he is facing contempt-of-court proceedings, and the effect of what he said? If yes, you will see Prashant in his true colours.

If you have only heard that Mahatma Gandhi is the father of our nation and know nothing much about him, and if you have not known much about Prashant or the effect of what he had said in contempt, you could find his allusion to Mahatma Gandhi stirring.

Just look at the effect of Prashant’s claims about many former chief justices of India. In 2009 he said that “out of the last 16 to 17 chief justices, half have been corrupt”.  So, he clearly meant that half out of those 16 or 17 chief justices were not corrupt and were clean.  But he did not publicly point out who among those 16 or 17 chief justices were corrupt according to him, and who were clean in his view.

What did Prashant expect all other judges, all other lawyers and the general public in India to understand?  Would they not suspect, if they went by Prashant’s omnibus allegation, that the unidentified clean among those 16 or 17 could have been corrupt – since Prashant didn’t specify who was clean and who was not? But Prashant didn’t care. He did not identify the 8 or 9 former chief justices whom he considered as corrupt, because that could more easily invite actions for defamation from those he specifically targeted, and other actions too in law, and he would find it hard to defend himself, especially when he admitted he had no proof. He cleverly combined those names he had in mind with other names, hoping that by mixing those names he could escape legal action. But a contempt-of-court case came to be registered against him in 2009 itself.

Leave alone legalities and the issue of contempt which the supreme court will address. If Prashant considered some 8 out of 16 or 17 former chief justices to be clean – which is what his allegation means – does he imagine what anguish and agony he would cause to those 8 judges and their families when he clubbed their clean names with those of others whom he thought were corrupt? If he cannot realise this, can he compare himself with Mahatma Gandhi in any context for any purpose? If he did realise this and still made his accusation in 2009, what a heartless person he then was, and how unfit he now is to bring in the name of Mahatma Gandhi before the supreme court?

All this is just to tell ourselves that Prashant Bhushan is vague, pretentious and self-glorifying on his own showing – not that he was right in suggesting that some 8 former chief justices were corrupt.  He has not produced any material or proof to show that any one of the 16 or 17 former chief justices he mentioned was corrupt. So he has wantonly and deeply wounded all those 16 or 17 individuals and their families, but still wants to stand next to Mahatma Gandhi.

Everyone in India uniformly understands what ‘corruption’ means. That is commonly understood as equivalent to bribery, as the giving and accepting of money or money’s worth in exchange for official favours.  But in his affidavit placed before the supreme court Prashant attempts an escapist explanation.  His defence is that by the word “corrupt,” what he meant was “of doubtful integrity” and that he had used that word “with reference to non-financial behaviour, or other kinds of conflict of interest or misconduct by judges”.  This lawyerly explanation, apart from its doubtful legal value, cannot remind us of Mahatma Gandhi.

There is something more to tell us why Prashant is unfit to invoke the name of Mahatma Gandhi.  In March 1922, Mahatma Gandhi appeared before Mr. C. N. Broomsfield, ICS, District and Sessions Judge of Ahmedabad, to face three criminal charges of sedition, for having written three articles in Young India which according to the prosecution brought into hatred or contempt or excited disaffection towards the government in British India.

Mahatma Gandhi openly pleaded guilty to the charges against him, saying that preaching disaffection was a passion with him. He also read out his statement, which he submitted to the court, that included these words: “… I hold it to be a virtue to be disaffected towards a government which in its totality has done more harm to India than any previous system. India is less manly under the British rule than she ever was before. I consider it to be a sin to have affection for the system. And it has been a precious privilege for me to be able to write what I have in the various articles, tendered in evidence against me.”

Without contesting the charges against him, and after instantly admitting guilt, Mahatma Gandhi further said in court: “I am here, therefore, to invite and submit cheerfully to the highest penalty that can be inflicted upon me for what in law is a deliberate crime and what appears to me to be the highest duty of a citizen…….”. In the present day, Prashant Bhushan hotly contests the charges against him, then when the supreme court adjudges him guilty he wants the hearing on punishment to be postponed on the plea that he wants to file a review petition, and when the court rejects the plea for postponement he files a statement to the supreme court invoking the scenario of Mahatma Gandhi facing a 1922 trial.  Can you imagine Mahatma Gandhi telling the court he wants to file a review petition against the court’s verdict of guilt so he could get out of conviction and then say in the same breath he would cheerfully submit to any penalty? In his hurry to speak like the Mahatma, Prashant didn’t feel his self-contradiction.

Prashant Bhushan has no doubt done good work in the field of public interest litigation, and he deserves credit for all that.  But he has gone heady and arrogant too, wants to wear a halo and has gone in wrong directions.  He is unable, or doesn’t want to, gracefully admit his wrong and genuinely apologise for the deep hurt he has caused to some judges – contempt or no contempt, which is a secondary issue. If these contempt-of-court charges had not been brought against him, he would not have expressed even the half-hearted regret he has placed on record as a way to escape punishment by court.

If calling judges corrupt without proof but only on the basis of one’s ‘bona fide perception’ is not contempt of court, as Prashant wants the supreme court to rule, many powerful politicians and businessmen could employ new ways to shame and subdue judges – that is more likely to happen in India.  If Prashant Bhushan succeeds in his argument of ‘bona fide perception’, the independence of our judiciary will be severely dented.

Surely, judges have to remain independent and free from extraneous influences.  Here, let us not also forget that they are all drawn only from the stock of lawyers we have, who are all the products of our law colleges.  How good are our present-day law colleges, and how well-read and principled are our young lawyers of today and do they have enough live role models in the profession, compared to those India saw in its initial years after independence? Why does not Gandhian Prashant talk about shortcomings in these areas and work for their improvement? All the good judges we have today, let’s us remember, are God’s gift in the present environment.  Let us not hound many of them.

Yes, many well-known persons – including lawyers, retired civil servants and some retired judges – have now stood with Prashant Bhushan and are critical of the supreme court over the contempt actions against Prashant. But just imagine: If Prashsant had never made any of those statements for which he faces the court now, but Union Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad had uttered them, how many among all those who now support Prashant and fault the supreme court, would have backed Ravi Shankar Prasad? One percent, is my guess.

Not just that. If Narendra Modi, instead of Prashant Bhushan, had any time said that eight out of the previous sixteen or seventeen chief justices of India were corrupt in any sense or that some four chief justices of the supreme court had played a key role in the destruction of our democracy, or had even commented on a photo of a chief justice like Prashant did, within the next hour one man will publicly ask the supreme court to initiate suo motu contempt proceedings against Modi. That would be Prashant Bhushan.

Copyright © R. Veera Raghavan 2020

This article is borrowed with thanks from HERE.

India’s Next 100 Years Must be Committed to Free Tibet and East Turkistan


Story of Chinese invasion of East Turkistan and Tibet

India should recognise “Government of East Titkistan” in exile

Kerala: 21,683 Madarsas, 2,04,683 Teachers and 123 Crores Salary Per Month !

Do you know that in Kerala there are a total number of 21,683 Madrassas, which teach to their students religious studies in Islam? Kerala has 14 districts. It means on an average there are 1,549 Madrassas per district in this State. Here there are 70 panchayats in each district, which makes it that there are on an average 22 Madrassas in each panchayat. In these 21,683 Madarsas, in all 2,04,683 teachers carry on the teaching of religious studies of Islam. It comes to 9 teachers in each Madarsa.

The area of Kerala in square kilometer is: 38,863. If we divide the area 38,863 by 21,683, the number of Madarsas, it comes to 1.79 Madarsa(s) per square kilometer, which is little bit less than 2 Madarsas in each square kilometer of area throughout the State. The population of Kerala is 3.48 Crores. If we divide this population of 3.48 Crores with 2,04,683, the number of religious teachers in these Madarsas, 1 religious teacher is teaching Islam to 170 persons in the State. This high density of Madarsas and religious teachers indicates that the Kerala State is fully saturated with the Islamic religious teachings.

There is nothing more to be added here what these teachers have been teaching to the students in these Madarsas, as it is in public domain – thanks to the mighty information technology that is now pumping public knowledge – what treatment is religiously ordained in Islam to be meted out to “Kaffirs”.

It is no wonder then that crime (a la Gold smuggling) and conversion of Hindus is rampant in Kerala. Just think, if this Kerala model is spread throughout the length and breadth of India how this India would look like!

This is one aspect of Kerala. There is another aspect also. The current salary of each of these Madarsa teachers is Rs. 6,000/- per month.Hindus are already footing the bill of Rs. 6000/- per teacher of Madarsas, which money primarly is taken out of the funds of their temples. These temple funds are exclusively donated by Hindus but are administered and controlled by the State govt.

As of now the Kerala govt is paying to these Islamic teachers Rs. 6,000 x 2,04,683 = approx 123 crore per month. But it seems not enough to them. Kerala’s Minority Affairs minister K T Jaleel is also the Minister of Higher Education. Once he was a member of the terror organisation SIMI, which was banned by the Govt of India some time ago. He then joined the CPM and now poses to be an athiest and secular communist. He has now demanded that the salary of these religious teachers be raised from Rs. 6000/- to Rs. 26,000/- per month by the State govt.

What would it mean to Hindus of the Kerala State? As the bill of the salary is paid primarily out of the Hindu temples’ coffers and these temples are administered and controlled by the State govt., it is the Hindus who will foot the bill of this increased salary. And, the State govt wants to pay more to these Islamic scholers every month, which would come per month to Rs. 26,000 x 2,04,683 = 532 crores approximately.

Is it not a Zazia on Hindus? And, is the Kerala govt in collecting money from Hindu temples and paying to Islamic teachers not behaving like an Islamic state?

It is well known (thanks to discriminatory provisions of Article 25 (2) (b) of Indian Constitution) that govt has legal power to make law in the name of “reform” of Hindu religious institutions and by this mechanism to interfere in their religious institutions. Here in this provision, only Hindus have been singled out – as if Islam and Christisnity do not need any “reform”.

Under Article 26 all religions are given freedom to manage their religious affairs (and if we read it with Art. 25 (2) (b), this freedom is not allowed to Hindus). In effect it means that Muslims and Christians have this freedom to manage the affairs of their religious institutions and the State is prohibited from any interference therein but the State has power to interfere in the affairs of Hindu religious institutions, like temples.

It is the democracy and it is the secularism that we have in India; it is this secularism and democracy that we Indians are asked to be proud of!

In her ‘Hate for Hindi’ Ms Kanimozhi Sides with English

Parmanand Pandey, Advocate, Supreme Court (Secretary General IPC)

Is it not ridiculous that Ms Kanimozhi, otherwise a very sensible and well-educated politician, is fighting for an alien language like English, which is not understood even by two per cent people of Tamilnadu? English was not known even by her father, the late Karunanidhi, who was adept in exploiting the sentiments of the people against Hindi. But the syndrom of love for English and allergy with Hindi defies all logic.

She insists that all meetings of the central government officials should be conducted in English. Recently she walked out of a meeting of a ministry showing her tantrums against an officer because he was speaking in Hindi, which was understood by everyone including her. It is a well-known fact that Ms Kanimozhi possesses reasonably good knowledge of Hindi. She is credited to have translated the Hindi speeches of some of the politicians in Tamil. Then why does she make brouhaha against Hindi from time to time?

It appears that her party DMK has gone completely bereft of any issues concerning the people, the state, or the country and is in dire need of a plank to politically survive in her State – however obsolete or irrelevant that plank might be. The other day she created a spectacle at the airport over a CRPF personnel, who was speaking to her in Hindi. She should know that CRPF personnel are frequently transferred from one part of the country to other parts and they cannot be polyglot or multi-lingual. Today they are in Chennai, tomorrow they can be shifted to Bhubneshwar, Guwahati, Jammu, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, or any other place. Nobody can expect them to be proficient in many languages, so normally they know or learn Hindi, which is understood by people in the entire length and breadth of the country. She should have felt pleasure in conversing to a CRPF personnel in Hindi to strike a better affinity with him or her but instead, she created a tamasha on a non-issue. Nobody can believe that a person like her, who has lived in a place like Delhi for years as a Member of Parliament, does not understand even conversational Hindi.

So, her insistence on speaking in English does not cover her with any glory. In fact, such persons, who pretend to be not knowing Hindi are either dimwitted or want to get publicity through their notoriety. Ms Kanimozhi certainly does not belong to the first category. Therefore, one can only have pity for her stunt to get cheap publicity.

It is unfortunate that DMK leaders are living in their make-believe world of the fifties or sixties. Tamil boys and girls are raring to excel in every walk of life. They know it very well that they cannot afford to be a frog-in-the-well as they have to move out of Tamilnadu for trade, employment or other intercourse with the rest of the country and in that case, Hindi will becomes indispensable for them.Tamilians cannot now be misled or exploited in the name of the imaginary imposition of Hindi.

It may sound strange, but it is a fact that Hindi has become a symbol of Indianness throughout the world. Tamilians or other non-speaking Indians in foreign countries also feel happy and very satisfied with speaking in Hindi. Millions of workers in gulf countries and many other countries assert their identity through Hindi.

It is not that Ms Kanimozhi and her party DMK is unaware of the changed realities and yet if they are dreaming to get support of people in Tamilnadu to come to power in the name of anti-Hindi, then they are to free to live in their own fantasy world. They must know that trying to ride on the horse of a non-issue usually leads to a steep fall of the rider.

Prashant Bhushan – Contempt of Supreme Court

Parmanand Pandey, Advocate, Supreme Court (Secretary General IPC)

In the absence of an unconditional apology from advocate Prashant Bhushan, Supreme Court has been left with no choice but to punish him. First the general observations about the law of contempt of court and then the facts about the case – the conduct – of Prashant Bhushan. One needs to go to the fine nuences of the conduct of this contemnor, that is, his past behaviour in general and present conduct in particular.

It is well-known that once a man rebuked Lord Denning by calling him ‘an old, bald fool’. When he (Denning) came out of the court, he was surrounded by some newspersons who asked him whether he was contemplating to initiate contempt proceeding against that person. He replied in a cool and composed manner by telling the press persons that there was no question of hauling him for the contempt of court because ‘old I am’, ‘bald-headed I am’ so, there is nothing wrong in it. As far as the ‘fool’ is concerned, it is his perception about me.’ The person who said so about the celebrated judge was no less than the renowned journalist Michael Foot, who later became the leader of opposition in the British Parliament. Lord Atkin, another great judge had in one of his judgments held that ‘justice is not a cloistered virtue. She must be allowed to suffer the scrutiny and respectful, even though outspoken, comments of ordinary men’.

There are some people, who want that contempt of court should be done away with but they forget that the fact if it is removed from the statute and from the Constitution (in the case of Supreme Court this power is vested in it under Article 129), then the judgments delivered by the courts will have no value. That is why no sane person will advocate for the annulling of this prerogative of the courts because that ensures the compliance of the judgments.

There have been many judges, who have expressed their resentment over the corruption in the judiciary. Talk to even any villager and he/she will narrate one or two instances of corruption in the judiciary. Retired Chief Justice Bharucha was on the record of saying that a certain percentage of the higher judiciary was corrupt. Justice (retired) Markandey Katju had said in the open court that there was something rotten in the Allahabad High Court (paraphrasing William Shakespeare in the Hamlet).

But it was a general observation and did not pinpoint on any particular judge. For example, when one says or writes that politicians have become corrupt, it will not attract slander or libel but if it is said about any particular politician or the entire assembly or parliament, then it will certainly attract the defamation and contempt law.

Having said so, there is no gainsaying that in our country some people have made justice as their own handmaids. Prashant Bhushan is one of them. He thinks that he can defame, denounce, and decry the judges if they show the courage to go against him or deliver any judgment which is not liked by him or his coterie. He and his company never find legal or factual loopholes in the judgments, but they start the campaign to impeach the authority of the concerned judge(s). This provides him and his company the opportunity to blackmail and browbeat the entire judicial systemIt may not be out of place to point out another aspect of this case: Organizing a gang of senior lawyers, deploying this gang’s power to select and target individual judges of the Supreme Court and, through this device, browbeating and blackmailing the entire judicial institution – from its lowest to the highest rung – is a grave crime that goes much beyond the scope of the contempt of court law. When you act in this organized manner and target a single judge, it is not one judge alone but the Supreme Court as a whole. Its entire public image is at the stake. While laying down the law of contempt of court, neither Lord Denning nor Lord Atkin had these facts – browbeating and blackmailing judges in organized way – in their mind and the law spoken by them on contempt of court has no relevance to Prashant Bhushan’s case. The court while sentencing Prashant Bhushan should not be oblivious to this aspect of his case.

Justice from the Supreme Court and its officers – judges and advocates both – are two different entities, although both are interdependent. But there are some people like Prashant Bhushan, who think that they are the Supreme Court and that is the reason that he and his ilk have been treating the Supreme Court and other advocates with censorious contempt.

Now when he has been found guilty of the contempt of the court, he and his gang have started maligning the judges, which is highly deplorable. If one dissects his views, statements and tweets, one will certainly come to an inescapable conclusion that all of them were scurrilous and aimed at making the fun of the judges and thereby creating the crisis of public confidence in the Supreme Court and its judges.

Despite having been found guilty of the contempt of the court, the general feeling across the board is that he should not be punished. Look at the temerity of this gentleman that he wants to become a Gandhi by quoting Mahatma Gandhi. It is like a devil quoting the scriptures. My friend Advocate Asok Pande, who has himself faced many contempt proceedings says that once a person has been found guilty of the contempt of the court, he/she can escape punishment only tendering an unqualified apology. He is also of the opinion that the Attorney General should not have entreated the Supreme Court to let off Prashant Bhushan.

Now, therefore, there are only two choices left for the Supreme Court. One is to let him go free, provided he tenders unconditional apology as was very recently done by Rahul Gandhi in Rafael case or to punish him. Since Prashant Bhushan has adopted the high moral ground of a crusader and refused to apologize to the Court, then the only discretion left for the Court is to sentence him, which may be even the token punishment as was done in the case of Kalyan Singh and Arundhati Roy or punish him as was done in the case Justice (now retired) Karnan of Calcutta High Court.

Let us see what sentence is awarded by the court to him.

When Stalin Spoke Truth about India that Still Holds True

Having a strong army, air force and nevy to defend the country and single national language for India, in which courts would transact their business, were the important things for India – hinted J. V. Stalin. He said that the British and United States of America look down on Asian as inferior people. He said that capitalists never quit their desire of earning more and more profits – and it is useless to preach them morality; that Gandhian methods of moral preaching would bring no result. They are as true today as they were then. India has failed on all these counts for the last 70 years and is suffering today – in the form of a weak country, communally divided society, rampant corruption and unbriddled exploitation of the weak and poor by the rich. A strong government armed with the vision of Sri Aurobindo – whether it means presence or absence of secularism and a fake democracy based on it – is the need of 21st century India.

The year 1950 was the time when India had just become free from the British slavery and Soviet Union was at its peak of power. The Indian ambassador to the USSR was Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, who later on became the President of India. The ambassador had two meetings with J. V. Stalin, the Communist dictator of Soviet Union, the first on January 15, 1950 and the second on April 5, 1952. The third time, Stalin had a meeting with the succeeding Indian ambassador K. P. S. Menon on February 19, 1953 and spoke about India, Asia and United States of America and Britain.

An estimation of Stalin by Menon was sent to the Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in these words:

“(He is) master-planner, who was thinking in decades, not in years, and whose gaze was set on a red star which, thanks to his inflexible will, was already shining on half the globe.”

In his first meeting with Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, things with Stalin went like this:

“Stalin asked several questions regarding India’s position in Commonwealth and seemed anxious to know if she was more or less independent than, say, Canada. Ambassador explained position especially in light of India’s forthcoming declaration as a Republic.

“Stalin asked if India was entitled to have her own army without any restriction and also if there is a navy, He nodded approval when informed that was case; Commander-in-Chief was Indian and there was also an Indian Air Force.

“He enquired if relations with Pakistan were still bad and about language they spoke there. He was told that relations were rather strained as Pakistan was of the view that wherever there were Muslims they must be with them.

“Of the languages of India he enquired which was dominant and expressed satisfaction that Hindi was phonetic and not hieroglyphic as it would thus be easier to liquidate illiteracy, unlike position in China where even to read  a newspaper it needs five years study.

{He did not tell the truth that the dominant language in India was not Hindi but English. He wrote even this letter to Nehru in English.}

“Stalin asked if Ceylon was separate State and whether its separation was so necessary and laughed.

“He further enquired if court language had any affinity with any Indian language and was informed of position.

{He did not tell that court language – English – had no affinity with any Indian language – else Stalin would have certainly made scathing remarks on this stupidity.}

“Stalin smoked cigarettes continuously and laughed occasionally. Appeared in quite good health and was alert and attentive.”

On the ocassion of Radhakrishnan’s  second meeting with Stalin, things went like this:

“On the political and economic situation in India, Ambassador Radhakrishnan said that India was as much against capitalist exploitation as Russia and it had the same economic objective. “But we wish to adopt peaceful parliamentary methods to achieve our aims, because our whole history has taught us that enduring progress should be of a peaceful character.”

To this the Generalissimo said:   “But the exploiters will never quit-they will very seriously object to quit.”

The Ambassador said that, in any case, we would try our own methods very hard, and if we succeeded it would be a great lesson to other nations.

{So try has been made and failed in India. We have a sorry lesson for ourselves, instead of teachimg to others!}

“Since Stalin showed no hesitation to carry on the conversation. Dr. Radhakrishnan further said that Stalin was at one time reported to have said that if Capitalism could adapt its production not to getting maximum profits, but to the systematic improvement of the masses of the people, then there would not be any crisis, but then that would not be Capitalism. He asked Stalin if he was still of this view.

“Stalin said that he said once something like thus but it was difficult for a Capitalist to do without profits and it was a pity that the capitalists could not do without profits. If the Capitalists gave up profits, he said, they would be giving up themselves.

{It is really a pity! India has been a land of Buddha – a symbol of renunciation – and Capitalists could not and do not even lower their profits, what to talk of doing without profits.}

“Stalin said, “Both you and Mr. Nehru are persons whom we do not consider to be our enemies. This will continue to be our policy and you can count on our help”. Then he went on “Our people have been educated in the equal treatment of Asian people”  –  and he said this with some feeling. “The United States and Britain look on Asian peoples as backward and look down upon them. We treat all Asians as equals. It is this which helps us to conduct a correct policy. The Americans and the British treat them supercilously [sic]. Our policy helps us to have very different relations with the Asian peoples”. The Generalissimo spoke these sentences slowly, deliberately and with obvious feelings.”

{It is bitter truth that the Brits and American have superiority complex against all Asians, including Indians. Their hostile treatment of India’s elected leader (Modi) shows their behaviour as if they are still master of India.}

The third meeting of Stalin with K. P. S. Menon on February 19. 1953 went like this:

“This letter contains a fuller account of our conversation. I have given Stalin’s remarks, as far as possible, in his own words – thanks to the full notes taken down by Kaul, who accompanied me to the Kremlin and was present at the interview.

I remembered, however, that during the last five years he had only received three Ambassadors – Dr. Radhakrishnan (twice), Louis Joxe, the French Ambassador, and Leopoldo Bravo, the Argentine Ambassador.

I said that I had received every courtesy and consideration from the Foreign Office and that I was impressed by the prevailing friendliness towards India everywhere. Stalin said that was only natural. Even shepherds were hospitable, he added, and “we are no worse than shepherds”. He said that the Soviet people regarded other people and races as equal and there was no trace of condescension in their attitude towards them. That was particularly the case towards the “great people of India.”

Stalin then asked me what was the chief language of India. Was it Urdu or Hindi – or, as he called it, “Hindu”? Were all the languages derived from the same stock? How did they come to have separate individual developments? Gujratis?

“I gave – I hope – appropriate answers to these questions. { What answer could he have given? He did not know much about such things – and did not state his answer, as if it was not an important thing}. Towards the end of the conversation, when we were talking about Pakistan, Stalin reverted to the subject of languages and asked whether it was true that Pakistan was evolving a language of its own. I said that Urdu had developed as a language of the camp in India but that Pakistan was adding a number of Persian and Arabic words to it. “In that case,” said Stalin, “it cannot be a real national language.”

Stalin listened to this carefully and said with deliberation: “We are against  the widening of hostilities. So is the Government of India. But in America there are certain people who are bent on widening the conflicts because they want more business and greater profits. Not all Americans are like that, but many are. It is no use preaching morals to them, because they are out to accumulate profits even at the cost of blood.”

I said that the reactions to recent American moves in the Far East were adverse throughout the world and even countries like the United Kingdom and Canada shared our concern. That, I thought, would have a restraining influence on American policy.

“There is no sign of it yet”, said Stalin dryly. Stalin went on to say. “The peasant is a very simple man but very wise. When the wolf attacks him, he does not attempt to teach it morals but kills it. And the wolf knows it and behaves accordingly.”

{One must be pragmatic. One needs to be realist.}

Stalin then turned his attention to the army. Somewhat apologetically he asked whether India had a sufficiently large army.

I said that our army was meant essentially for defence purposes and not for any adventures abroad, as happened sometimes in the British days.

But, is your army capable of defending India?”, asked Stalin.

I said that we had a compact, well-trained and well-disciplined army, but that our air force and navy were still in their infancy.

It is difficult to defend a country effectively without a powerful air force,” said Stalin.

{How far-sighted was Stalin! The Indian ambassador did not tell the truth – the Indian stupidity – that Indian forces are armed with obsolete weapons; that India had no wish or program to eqip them with latest weaponary. He boasted that India has no design against any country – as if no enemy would or could attack it! Just remember, India was attacked in 1948 by Pakistan in Kashmir and this man informs Stalin that India does not need powerful force! India was beaten by China in 1962 for this very stupidity.}

At this stage, Stalin switched the conversation to India’s relations with Pakistan. I said that Kashmir continued to be a stumbling bloc [sic] in the establishment of friendly relations. Still, until recently, India and Pakistan had a similar international outlook, as was shown in such vital matters as the recognition of China and the refusal to recognise the Bao Dai regime. Recently, however, there were reports that Pakistan was intending to join the Middle East Defence Organisation. We felt that this would be a very unfortunate development.

Stalin made no comment but asked whether we had not considered the possibility of a Federation between India and Pakistan. “That would be the ideal solution”, he said. I agreed, but pointed out that this would take time in view of the continuing bitterness between Hindus and Muslims, sown by the British in their attempt to divide and rule.

How primitive it is”, interjected Stalin “to create and run a State on the basis of religion!”

I said that religion was intruding even into the Constitution of Pakistan, as shown by certain provisions giving the Mullahs the right to pronounce on legislation. “How absurd it all is!”, said Stalin.

This led Stalin to dilate on the way in which the problem of nationalities had been dealt with in the Soviet Union. In the old days, said Stalin, the Russians oppressed other nationalities; and these other nationalities hated Russians.

The vehemence with which he said this made me think that there was a Georgian speaking-a Georgian, who had avenged centuries of oppression by imposing his will on the whole of Russia.

Stalin went on to say that 1917 marked the end of a period when one nation oppressed the other. Now all nations within the Soviet Union were equal in every respect; and this had led to the solidarity and strength of the country.

I then referred to our Prime Minister’s own conception of a secular State and his unflinching adherence to it. By upholding this conception, we were making the fifty million Muslims in India feel that they were Indians in every way.

“Of course, they are Indians”, said Stalin,” and your policy is just the right one.”

You may like to have my personal impression of Stalin. Let me, first of all, recall the impressions left by Stalin on some of the very few persons to whom he has given interviews. In 1938 Davies, the American Ambassador, in an official report to Secretary Hall [sic] on his interview with Stalin said: “His demeanour is kindly, his manner almost deprecatingly simple…. he gave me the impression of being sincerely modest”. In a letter to his daughter Ambassador Davies said: “His brown eye is exceedingly kind and gentle. A child would like to sit on his knee.” Churchill stated in Parliament: “Premier Stalin left upon me an impression of deep, cool wisdom and absence of illusions… a man direct, even blunt, in speech… with that saving sense of humour which is of high importance…”

Of these descriptions, Churchill’s, I think, comes nearest to the mark. I was impressed by three qualities in Stalin – his simplicity, shrewdness and ruthlessness. Everything about him was simple – his dress, his room,  his manners his mode of speech. There was something bucolic in the way he said things. Bucolic, too, were the similes he used; they were drawn from peasants and shepherds.

Here was the man whose will, more than any other factor, saved Russia for Communism and Communism for the world; but for him neither might have been able to face the assault of Hitler.

Here was the man, held not only in his own country, but by millions all over, the world, as the “leader and teacher of all progressive mankind”, whose portraits have taken the place of holy icons in every Russian home; and at the mention of whose name, every audience in Russia would and should get up and clap hands and give a “prolonged applause amounting to ovation”.

Yet all this adulation has left no more impression on him than water on duck’s back; there is not even a trace of ostentation or affection [sic] about him.

This leads me to the second quality in him which impressed me most, his shrewdness. Stalin not only sees things, but sees through things. His shrewdness is shown as much in his silence as in his speech.

He declined to be drawn into a discussion on the Korean resolution or even the Korean problem, probably because he felt that anything which he said might have hampered Vyshinsky at the forthcoming meeting of the General Assembly.

Equally he declined to comment on Pakistan’s participation in the Middle East Defence Organisation, presumably because the Soviet Government have not yet officially decided to relegate Pakistan to the ranks of the doomed.

While discussing the Far East, Stalin merely let off a vigorous salvo against the greed of the capitalists; and while discussing Pakistan, he seemed more interested in the nature of a State based on religion, than on its present activities.

Perhaps Stalin feels that he has come to a stage when he can devote his thoughts exclusively to fundamentals, leaving details to the henchmen whom he has so thoroughly trained.

If I was struck by Stalin’s shrewdness, I was also struck by his ruthlessness. Twice he spoke of the futility of preaching morals to an evil person.

I could not but trace a note of irony in this remark of his to the representative of a nation of which Mahatma Gandhi was the Father; indeed, his remark might have been provoked by my observation that our foreign policy had, as its background, our national struggle and the teachings of Gandhiji who taught that peaceful ends could not be attained by means which were not peaceful.

Gandhiji’s phrase, “a change of heart”, would mean nothing to Stalin. The essence of his philosophy is contained in his remark to me: “The peasant is a very simple man but very wise. When the wolf attacks him, he does not attempt to teach it morals but kills it. And the wolf knows it and behaves accordingly.”

Last night I met Joxe, the French Ambassador, and exchanged with him my impression of Stalin. Stalin gave an interview to Joxe a few months ago. We were pleasantly surprised to see how closely our impressions tallied. They cannot be better expressed then in the words of Joxe, who said that as a man Stalin was a “mixture of a peasant and a wild cat.”

The facts of this article have been borrowed from HERE

“बोलीवुड फिल्म-जगत” पर कब्जा है देश के गद्दारो का – कंगना रानौत

कंगना रनौत की हिम्मत प्रशंसनीय है। कल के इंटरव्यू में खुलकर उसने सभी बड़े कलाकार अमिताभ बच्चन, महेश भट्ट, आमिर का नाम लिया (इस इंटरव्यू का वीडियो लेख के अन्त मे देखें)।

जब अर्नब ने पूछा कि महानायक अमिताभ भी किसी से डरेंगे क्या तो कंगना ने कहा कि करियर का डर सबको है वो भी सोचते हैं कि उनके बेटे को या उनको फ़िल्म नहीं मिलेगी और डर के मारे ही राम मंदिर के भूमि पूजन के दिन उन्होंने एक ट्वीट तक नहीं किया ।

कंगना ने कल लाइव डिबेट में कहा कि ये बॉलीवुड एन्टी नेशनल एन्टी इंडिया है। यहां जिहाद की मेंटेलिटी से हर कार्य होता है। इसमे दीपिका, करण जौहर, आमिर खान सब शामिल हैं। इनके फिल्मों में प्लान के तहत देशविरोधी हिन्दू विरोधी सामग्री परोसी जाती है और इसी के समर्थन पर काम मिलता है।

नसीरुद्दीन हो या जावेद अख्तर सब कहने को नास्तिक है पर जिहादी सोच से ग्रसित हैं। हर समय एन्टी इंडिया मूवमेंट में दस्तखत करते हैं लेटर लिखते हैं बयान देते हैं।

कुल मिलाकर पहली बार इंडस्ट्री की तरफ से एक बड़े कलाकार ने इतना खुलकर इन सबके विरोध में बहुत कुछ बोला है। करीब 45 मिनट के इंटरव्यू में बॉलीवुड की खूब पिटाई हुई है।

अपने करियर के सर्वोच्च मुकाम पर रहकर इस तरह का साहस अतुलनीय है। बॉलीवुड में रहकर खुलकर देश के लिए बोलना, सबसे बढ़कर खुलकर सनातन धर्म के लिए बोलना बहुत ही साहसिक कार्य है।

कंगना जैसा साहसिक व्यक्तित्व हमने आजतक नही देखा! आप सच मे शेरनी है झाँसी की रानी है; ईश्वर आपको स्वस्थ्य रखें लम्बी आयु दे आपके करियर में नई सफलताए दे।

हमारा भी कर्तव्य है कि हम कंगना के साथ पूरी ताकत के साथ खड़े रहे, उनका समर्थन करें, उनकी फिल्मों को सपोर्ट करें और बॉलीवुड माफिया का बहिष्कार करें ।

China – Apocalyptic Floods

China is in the grip of apocalyptic floods as of August 20, 2020. Nature’s fury seems to be ultimately directed at the Chinese Communist Party and its rule – though through the unfortunate sufferings of Chinese people. Only the pains and sufferings of millions of Chinese people may have that power, which can dislodge the monolith of CCP. Watch theses videos:




Towards Better India, Efficient India

It is said, “Old habits die hard!” In India we are acustomed to ordinary citizens cursing everything, literally everything – system, political parties, their leaders, government officers … endless! But that does not help. Wherever you are, you have a role to play to bring a change in the positive way.

One may have a grievance, a genuine grievance. And, that should make you take steps to remedy that grievance. But how? Who listens? To whom one may complain – all are part of the same corrupt system, you think. No, not any more. Change is there and you should be part of this change.

India has suffered many ills – and for long. It is not easy to bring an instant change – by anyone; it needs people’s participation and a generation’s time. Somewhere, somehow an effort to bring a positive change has to be made by someone – someone who has the power to do the needed change.

Let us look at this change – the change at the head where the power resides in India:

PM heads the Ministry of Public Grievance. It is the initiative of Govt of India. Government of India has an online Grievance forum at:

Can you imagine this happening in India? The government wants people to use this tool to highlight the problems they face while dealing with Government officials or departments like:-
1) Railways
2) Posts
3) Telecom
4) Urban Development
5) Petroleum & Natural Gas
6) Civil Aviation
7) Shipping , Road Transport & Highways
8) Tourism
9) Public Sector Banks
10) Public Sector Insurance Companies
11) National Saving Scheme of Ministry of Finance
12) Employees’ Provident Fund Organization
13) Regional Passport Authorities
14) Central Government Health Scheme
15) Central Board of Secondary Education
16) Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan
17) National Institute of Open Schooling
18) Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti
19) Central Universities
20) ESI Hospitals and Dispensaries directly controlled by ESI Corporation under Ministry of Labour.

Many of us would say these things don’t work in India. But it is not right. A few months back, the Faridabad Municipal Corporation laid new roads in an area and the residents were very happy about it. But two weeks later, BSNL dug up the newly laid roads to install new cables, which annoyed these residents.

A resident used the above listed grievance forum to highlight his concern. To his surprise, BSNL and Municipal Corporation of Faridabad were served a show cause notice and the person received a copy of the notice in one week.

Government has asked the MC and BSNL about the goof up as it’s clear that both the government departments were not in sync at all.

Let us use this grievance forum and educate others also who don’t know about this facility. This way we can raise our concerns, instead of just talking about the ‘System’ in India .

National Anthem, Emblem and Jai Hind

P. M. Ramakrishna

A few things for general information of our young generation:

Indian National Anthem is in “Alahia Bilawal Raga” of Hindustani classical music and in “Sankarabharanam Raga” in Karnatak music. Rabindranath Tagore composed its music and sang it in this Raga. The time duration of the Anthem is 52 seconds.

Indian National Flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya, a resident of Andhra Pradesh. For designing this flag, he learned Japanese language and read a book on the subject of designing national flags. Such was his devotion to India and his patriotism.

Indian National Emblem was designed by Dinanath Bhargava in Santhi Niketan. He hailed from Madhya Pradesh and his Guru was Nanda lal Bose. In 1940 Bhargava used to travel daily 100 km by Bus to Zoo for one month, just to learn to portray the real posture of a Lion. His portrait of the lion standing on two front legs was printed on the cover page of the original Constitution of India. It is part of the Indian emblem. This hard work shows the devotion and sincerity of Dinanath Bhargava towards his motherland.

Jai Hind salutation was coined by Abid Hasan (Zain-ul Abideen Hasan), who was a soldier of Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauz) organised by Subhash Chandra Bose for Indian liberation from the British colonialism. He hailed from Hydrabad.

Riots – From Delhi to Bengaluru to Another City: Stop it Now and Forever

Rioting … Riots in Bengaluru. It is a news of the second week of August, 2020 in India. Is it a news? It is a regular thing for India.

It is a recurring thing in city after city and year after year in India. Yesterday it was in Delhi and today it is in Bengaluru, tomorrow it will be in some other city. It is endless process. Indian history is full of these riots.

And it has always been between Muslims and Hindus (or, as it has hitherto been styled “Hindu-Muslim riots”). There has never been news of communal riot between Hindus and Jains, or Parsees, or Buddhists, or Sikhs (except the solitary instance of Congress inspired carnage against them on Indira Gandhi’s assessination), or Christians. Why riots are there between Hindu and Muslim communities only – and not between others?

It must now stop. Enough is enough. India has suffered enough of it.

In these riots everything is maticulously planned before hand every where.

In the case of Bengaluru riots just see, there are persons who are making human-chain to “save temple”!!!

Who are they? Not Hindus.

From whom are they “saving” the temple? Not from Hindus.

Does it not prove the identity of the community that is on the mission of destroying temple?

Don’t try to fool this India … because enough is enough.

There must be a standing order (throughout the territory of India by way of a central law) of “shoot to kill at sight” anyone who is found rioting … first warning to get lost at once and if not complied with promptly then fire to kill.

No Muslim and no Hindu, it is secular. Anybody who indulges in riot needs to be neutralized … it will filter also whose community is doing rioting … because it applies to both communities … there is no need to find later on “proof” which community did it.

If India wants to progress and aspires to become a respectful power, it must stop with iron-hand this process of rioting forever.

No if and but .. it is a secular step against criminals … there is “NO PLACE” for criminals in India.

And, one thing more: people must get united and help the govt that does it … in every way, including giving your votes to that govt again and again.

Clip the Wings of Bollywood Mafia!

Parmanand Pandey, Advocate, Supreme Court (Secretary General IPC)

Bollywood stinks like Skunk and it must be wiped clean, and wiped clean before it causes any further damage to the Indian public psyche and nation’s health. Enough is enough.

It is an open secret that the world of Bollywood is dark, dirty and full of sleaze, and vulgarity. The reel life may transport the viewers to the world of fantasy but in real life, it is corrupt to the core, nauseating to the taste of normal humans and stinking rubish to the extreme. Think of any vice or evil, and you wll find it is there in the Bollywood.

Dishonesty, deception, extortion, womanising, promiscuity, lumpenism and all sorts of abominable activities have become the hallmarks of the Bombay Cine world. Think of tax evasion and that is there in abundance in this wicked world.

The main reason for all these evil deeds is the black money, which is pumped by the smugglers, mafia dons, blackmailers, and pimps in the filmdom.

Who does not know that dons sitting outside the country pay money, choose and change stories to their liking and the roles to be played therein by their pet heroes and heroines? Eve-teasing and abominable conduct of heroes with heroines has been glorified in this world of the inferno. An actress is seduced by all foul means and ultimately, she is made to fall into the arms and the bed of the ignoble and disgusting heroes, who are projected as the most competent and virtuous persons.

The nexus of the politicians, police, and goondas has made it difficult for any honest person to survive in the Maya Nagari.

The most unfortunate thing for India is that these buffoons become celebrities and demigods in public perception. They become role models for ruffians and rogues in colleges and markets, who think that girls can be won over by teasings. They capitalise their popularity to become MPs and ministers.

Many of them have been found to be having their connections with anti-national forces. The women actors, producers, and directors, who pose to hold aloft the banners of feminism are often seen to be the active partners in these evil deeds of the industry. Those who speak against the organised groups of criminals are either bumped off or declared as the psychological wrecks.

The death of a promising hero, Sushant Singh Rajput ((SSR) was the result of the conspiratorial character of the Bollywood, which often appears as the naked goondaism.

Media has also mostly worked as the agents of these criminals. This is for the first time that the media has been doing a commendable job in exposing the malaise of Bollywood. The role of two English TV channels and more so, the doggedness of a particular journalist is highly appreciable. This section of media has not minced any words in unravelling the nexus among some politicians, police, and uncrowned kings of the rotten Bollywood. Although the telecast of the stories on SSR for nearly two months may no longer be interesting yet that will certainly be helpful in bringing forth the realities of the Bollywood.

This is a welcome agenda-driven journalism and it needs a lot of courage and determination to pursue its path; that too, in the face of stiff opposition from a political set up, which is well-known for its bullying and hooliganism. It must be stated here at the same time that media trial should not be converted into a Kangaroo court.

“Mother” of All Wisdom

These lines narrate the sum and substance of our existence in this world. They enunciate our status in this infinite universe. One may call it an outlook, ideology or a philosophy. But it is the wisest outlook, the “ultimate” wisdom! It is the “mother” of all wisdom.

It is the substance of ancient India’s wisdom. There is no view of human life better than this one. This view is the conclusion of our total kowledge, that is, all branches of knowledge – the branches that we resort to understand this universe.

We have acquired this knowledge over a long period of our work and experience. Today we know that this unìverse is visible and apparent to us; also it is not visible to us but is known to exist; in some respect, it is neither visible to us nor known to exist but looks to us as a mystic reality; and also in many other respects this universe looks to us beyond our imagination and speculation – beyond our wildest dreams! We are still labouring to understand it. The progress of science reflects our hard work.

And it is not alone science – in its traditional meaning – that is so working; many kinds of our efforts are directed towards uncovering the secrets of this universe. All these efforts include modern science; different philosophies – western and eastern both; all religions of the world; political and economic ideologies of the world; and all varieties of logic and mathematics, including computer and its intelligence.

There is no outlook better than what we state in these lines. There are eight propositions of this “outlook”:

  1. To us (for we humans) life in general, and human life in particular, is the most important thing of concern. All our knowledge of this universe has its value for us only because we are here – because we exist as living being. Knowledge has a value because it is valuable to us. Our life is of the prime importance to us and everything else – including our knowledge – revolves around us. This is the starting point; it is the purpose of this exercise; it is the object of any inquiry; it is the goal of everything we humans do. Minus our life,  there is nothing we could do and should do.

  2. Our life is mostly packed with pain and sorrow – with little, momentary and occasional sprinkling of happiness and joy. Pain is what our body feels and sorrow is what our emotional and mental awareness feel. All our acts – present one and the planned ones – are targeted to achieve happiness and joy, either in the form of a feeling of our satisfaction and contentment or well-being and pleasure. We always long to get and feel happiness and joy. But in their total sum, pain and sorrow outweigh happiness and joy. Starting from our birth (when we cry in pain) to our death (which is a painful event), mostly we are face to face with pain and sorrow with each event of the failure of our goals, objects, designs and  expectations, which are aplenty in quantity. And, to top it all, on our death we are forced to leave behind here all that which we have acquired with much toil and strain. It is a very disappointing and distress-causing certainty reserved for us; it is a dreadful thing to even think of that moment – lying on death bed and leaving behind us everything dear to us. To have an idea of the feeling of that moment that is so certain to come to us, just talk to a person who is on his death bed! It is the moment full of agony, pain, repentence and lamentation.

  3. There is no end to our pain and sorrow in this lìfe and, even, beyond this life. Our death does not put an end to our pain and sorrow. Here comes the point of dispute and disagreement with many – the point, the question of rebirth. We can get over this point of dispute and disagreement by simply citing the cases of rebirth, which are now being studied by scientists the world over. The events of rebirth are now established facts, whether or not all persons remember their previous birth and whatever might be its scientific explanation. Let the one who doubts the fact of rebirth search this subject on internet and go to the spot of incident and verify its truthfulness for himself or herself. Rebirth is a fact, which is scientifically accepted today. If rebirth of a person is a fact, even if all may not always be remembering it, then, there is the continuity of his or her pain and sorrow in that next life. Death does not put an end to one’s pain and sorrow – though there is no piling up of these pain and sorrow of many previous lives because (fortunately) most of the people do not remember their previous lives. One’s previous life was as full of pain and sorrow as is this life. Being ignorant of the fact of rebirth, for one this present life is the only one life and this is full of pain and sorrow. It is a cycle of life and death, each time full of pain and sorrow. It is endless cycle.

  4. Fortunately, one can bring an end to this cycle of pain and sorrow and these can be transformed into bliss. Is it desirable for one to put an end to one’s pain and sorrow and search for the perpetual – eternal – bliss? It is not desirable for all. It is only for those who really feel the life full of pain and sorrow a worthless thing. Until one feels of such life a disgusting thing, one should never go near it in search of a perpetual bliss. But there are thoughtful people who contemplate and realize the utter uselessness of such a life. They devote themselves to this end; they devote their life towards this goal. They make efforts to end the perpetual pain and sorrow of this life and  to reach the goal of an eternal happiness and joy.

  5. From this point on, it becomes a matter of investigation and search subject to rigorous regulations and discipline. It is strictly personal investigation and search. In this exercise, the totality of one’s personhood becomes the ‘subject matter’ of investigation as well as the ‘scientist’ carrying that exercise. It is many times more rigorous than science in its basic foundation, principles, rules and regulations, and safety precautions. Its basic foundation is laid on these facts: Pain and sorrow are felt by one’s body, emotions and mind only; there is something ‘central’ behind these frontal elements of body, emotion and mind. This ‘central’ something is termed by Sri Aurobindo as ‘Psychic Being’. It is living and conscious – more conscious than our body, emotions and mind. It does not feel pain and sorrow but it has to drag itself along with the given body, emotions and mind in a life, like an engine dragging a wagon full of load. It remains bound – tied down – to these three frontal wrappings, surrounded by a kind of darkening cloud-layers. For this bondage to its body, emotions and mind, and for their wayward behaviour (that causes pain and sorrow), it remains perturbed throughout the life (of the whole being). It remains eager – as if waiting for that fortunate hour when the agitation of these surrounding clouds would calm down; when the whole being would become quiet and be able to listen to its call. The call of one’s ‘Psychic Being’ – its voice – is soothing, reassuring, blissful – as if a melody from heaven. To get free from pain and sorrow our entire self – our body, emotions and mind – has to first become calm and quiet to search for it and be aware of its existence within us.

  6. If we find it – if we become aware of its existence within us – we get rid of pain and sorrow. We experience bliss. We become enlightened. We become aware of our eternal existence – aware of all our previous lives. We become immortal. We become aware of the worlds behind death, which are secret and unknown to us now. The uncovering of this secret solves the riddle of the existence of everything – including our life, its pain and sorrow, our death and rebirth. It is the ‘enlightenment’ of Buddhists; ‘Mukti’ or liberation of Hindus; ‘Kaivalya’ of Jains; ‘Nirankar’ of Sikhs; ‘Salvation’1 of Christians; ‘Paradise’ of Muslims; and ultimate object of every religious and spiritual persuasion. Also it is an investigative challenge to the scientific mind; it is a logical proposition to the thinking mind; and, it is the fascinating possibility to an inquisitive mind.

  7. There are many paths – exercises, ways and methods – leading humans to achieve this ultimate object of eternal bliss. If one is honest and sincere in his or her efforts in moving towards this object, all paths are valid and efficacious – from scientific to spiritual to religious. No path is better and no path is worse than the other one. It is the individual psychology – the particular state of one’s body, emotions and mind – that decides which one of these paths is best suited for him or her.

  8. One has to attempt to achieve this objective only – and only – in this life. For, this is the only life available to one for making such attempt. That is all. This is the pinnacle of human wisdom.

“1857 Uprising” – Islamic Jihad or War of Independence?

Shreerang Godbole
Khalifa, Khilafat Movement and Indian
The Khilafat Movement (1919-1924) was a scripturally ordained movement with a history in India that dates from the time when the first Islamic invader set foot on Indian soil. In modern times, the fixation for the Ottoman Khalifa amongst Sufis, ulama, middle-class Muslim intelligentsia, Muslim press and common Muslims started at least since the 1830s.
The ideological underpinnings of the Khilafat Movement were established over the previous hundred years. The 1857 Uprising was a significant eruption of Islamism, but even so, its ideological foundations were laid in the eighteenth century. While the 1857 Uprising has been hailed as a War of Independence against the British, what needs to be answered is: Who was to rule India once the War of Independence was won from the British?
To the Muslims, the answer was obvious. British rule was Dar-ul-Harb (lit. abode of war; territory where Islam is not predominant), an irritating interlude in Dar-ul-Islam (lit. the abode of Islam; territory where Islam is predominant) that was Islamic rule which spanned a millennium. Nothing but its restoration could satisfy the Muslims. The jihadist character of the 1857 Uprising and its connection with the Khilafat Movement was summed up by Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar thus:
“The curious may examine the history of the Mutiny of 1857; and if he does, he will find that, in part, at any rate, it was really a Jihad proclaimed by the Muslims against the British, and that the Mutiny so far as the Muslims were concerned was a recrudescence of revolt which had been fostered by Sayyed Ahmad who preached to the Musalmans for several decades that owing to the occupation of India by the British the country had become a Dar-ul-Harb. The Mutiny was an attempt by the Muslims to reconvert India into a Dar-ul-Islam. A more recent instance was the invasion of India by Afghanistan in 1919. It was engineered by the Musalmans of India who, led by the Khilafatists’ antipathy to the British Government, sought the assistance of Afghanistan to emancipate India”. (Pakistan or the Partition of India, B.R. Ambedkar, Thacker and Company Limited, 1945, pp. 288)”


Jihadi Scholars and their activities in India before 1857:

As dusk fell on Islamic rule in India, the one man who fanned pan-Islamism was Shah Waliullah (1703-62). He reiterated the doctrine of an elective Khilafat and laid special emphasis on the duty of jihad or holy war against the infidel. His works prepared a whole generation of Islamic scholars in the nineteenth century to defend Islam in India in a situation where Muslims were losing the physical power to do so. He suggested that the less they shared with their non-Muslim neighbours, the better servants of God Indian Muslims would be (The Muslims of British India, P. Hardy, Cambridge University Press, 1972, pp. 29, 30). It cannot be overemphasized that in taking the help of their Hindu neighbours, whether in the 1857 Uprising or in the Khilafat Movement, the Muslim leadership was guided by compulsion and not conviction.

The other pioneer of pan-Islamism was Saiyid Ahmad Barelvi (1786-1831), an ex-Pindari freebooter who received the graces of various Sufi orders. He launched a jihad against Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1826. In January 1827, he was declared imam (Supreme Leader) and ba’iya (oath of allegiance, a practice started by Prophet Muhammad) was offered to him. He condemned pilgrimage to Hindu holy places, participation in Hindu holy festivals, consulting Brahmans, astrologers and fortune-tellers. The British correctly gauged that his followers intended the eventual overthrow of British rule (Hardy, ibid, pp. 53-54).

An essential ingredient of pan-Islamism is the exclusion of non-Muslims or their influence on Muslims. Contemporary with Saiyid Ahmad Barelvi, arose Hajji Shariat-Allah (1781-1840) who started the Faraizi movement in Bengal in 1821. The movement took its name from its emphasis on Quranic duties (faraiz). Rejection of kufr (infidelity) and bida’a (innovation) were among its cardinal principles. His son Dudu Miyan (1819-1862) organized a militant brotherhood of faraizis. Another violent Islamic revivalist movement in Bengal was led by Titu Mir (1782-1831) who enjoined his followers to grow beards and tie their dhotis in a distinctive fashion.

The movement was put down by the British by sending native infantry (Hardy, ibid, pp.55-59). All these pan-Islamic or fundamentalist movements sought to purge Indian Muslims of their pre-Islamic Hindu practices that had survived despite centuries of forced conversion.

The British, for their part, had come to realize that the Muslims were a fanatical and irreconcilable community. The strain between the British and the Wahabi Muslims had begun in 1838 when the First Afghan War between the British East India Company and the Emirate of Afghanistan broke out. Not only were the Wahabis encamping in the north-west found to be fighting on the Afghan side, but they were also accused of  subverting the loyalty of some sepoys serving there (The Wahabis in the 1857 Revolt: A Brief Re-appraisal of their role, Iqtidar Alam Khan, Social Scientist, Vol. 41, May-June 2013, p.17)

The Jihad of 1857:

The differing views of Hindus, Muslims and the British vis-à-vis the 1857 Uprising are summarized by historian Thomas Metcalf thus,

“The first sparks of disaffection it was generally agreed, were kindled among the Hindu sepoys who feared an attack upon their caste. But the Muslims then fanned the flames of discontent and placed themselves at the head of the movement, for they saw in these religious grievances the stepping stone to political power. In the British view, it was Muslim intrigue and Muslim leadership that converted a Sepoy Mutiny into a political conspiracy, aimed at the extinction of the British Raj”. (The Aftermath of Revolt: India 1857-1870, Princeton, 1965, p. 298)

The outbreak of revolts in May-June 1857, by units of the Bengal Army stationed at different places in Uttar Pradesh and Delhi, were accompanied by armed jihadis who were drawn from the Muslim population of the towns. In some cases, as in the case of the Gwalior contingent, the leaders were Muslim sepoys. In Allahabad, Lucknow and Gwalior, the leaders of armed jihadis were not Wahabis but in fact Sufis. Some Wahabi leaders were hesitant in joining the 1857 Jihad because they were not convinced of the doctrinal validity of engaging the English in an armed conflict where Hindu chiefs and leaders of sepoys would be their allies and not clients (Iqtidar Alam Khan, ibid, pp.18, 19).

After the fall of Delhi to the mutineers, on May 11, 1857, the nominal Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar appointed Bakht Khan (d.1859) as Commander-in-Chief of the rebel forces. Bakht Khan had arrived in Delhi with 100 jihadis. Bakht Khan was the patron of the Ruhela Afghans who had arrived in Delhi from Hansi, Hissar, Bhopal and Tonk under their Amir-ul-Mujahidin Maulana Sarfraz Ali (Bakht Khan: A leading Sepoy General of 1857, Iqbal Hussain, Proceedings of the Indian History Congress, Vol. 46, 1985, pp. 376).

That the Muslims had no illusions of Hindu-Muslim unity is evident from Maulvi Mohammad Said’s representation to the Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar on May 20, 1857 that the

“standard of Holy War had been erected for the purpose of inflaming the minds of the Mahomedans against the Hindus”.

In a letter dated June 14, 1857, Major General T. Reed, writing from his camp in Delhi to Lawrence, the Chief Commissioner of Punjab says,

“They are displaying the green flag in the city and bullying the Hindus”.

In Varanasi, the official report dated June 4, 1857, stated that

“news was received that some Mussulmans had determined to raise the Green Flag in the temple of Bishessur”. (The Sepoy Mutiny and the Revolt of 1857, R.C. Majumdar, Firma KLM, 1957, p 230)

The pan-Islamic connection of the Muslim protagonists of the 1857 Jihad needs mention.

Sayyid Fadl Alawi, Rahmatullah Kairanwi, Haji Imdadullah Makki, Nawab Siddiq Hasan Khan, and Maulana Jafer Thanesri fled India to escape prosecution for their role in the 1857 Jihad. They used imperial networks – ports, travel routes and communications infrastructure – to build pan-Islamic connections. They sailed across the Indian Ocean to Mecca, Cairo, and Constantinople in the heartland of the Islamic world (Fugitive Mullahs and Outlawed Fanatics: Indian Muslims in nineteenth-century trans-Asiatic Imperial Rivalries, Seema Alavi, Modern Asian Studies Vol. 45, November 2011, pp. 1337-1382; see also her Muslim Cosmopolitanism in the Age of Empire, Harvard University Press, 2015).

Rowlatt Sedition Committee Report:

The British were naturally perturbed by the attempts to replace their rule with an Islamic dispensation. The Sedition Committee Report (1918), popularly known as the Rowlatt Committee Report, threw light on ‘the nature and extent of the criminal conspiracies connected with the revolutionary movement in India’. The 226-page report has a section on the ‘Muhammadan Current’. The relevant passages in the Report (pp.178-179) noted the following:

1. The sympathy of Indian Muslims with Turkey was noticeable as long ago as the Crimean War.

2. Among a small and vaguely defined group of fanatical Muhammadans, there has been a desire to substitute a new Islamic Empire for the present British rule in India.

3. A plot called ‘Silk Letters’ case was discovered. Its object was to destroy British rule by means of an attack on the North-West Frontier, supplemented by a Muhammadan uprising in this country.

4. A converted Sikh, Maulvi Obeidullah crossed the North-West Frontier early in August 1915 with three companions Abdulla, Fateh Muhammad and Muhammad Ali. He wished to spread over India a pan-Islamic and anti-British movement through the agency of Deobandi Maulvis.

5. Obeidullah met the members of a Turco-German mission. Maulvi Muhammad Mian Ansari returned in 1916 with a declaration of jihad from the hand of Ghalib Pasha, then Turkish Military Governor of Hedjaz (coastal region of Arabia that includes Mecca and Medina).

6. An army of God was to draw recruits from India and bring about an alliance of Islamic rulers. Its headquarters were to be in Medina and secondary headquarters under local generals were to be established at Constantinople, Teheran and Kabul.

Jihadi help of Overseas Indian Muslims:

Indian Muslims residing abroad, especially in Britain, played no mean role in fanning pan-Islamic sentiment. As early as 1886, a pan-Islamic society called the Anjuman-i-Islam had been established in London with branches in India. In 1903, an Indian barrister, Abdulla al-Mamun Suhrawardy (1875-1935), revived this almost defunct society under the new name of ‘The Pan-Islamic Society of London’. The Society, apart from establishing direct contact with Turkey, rendered valuable service in focussing, especially through its journal Pan-Islam, the Muslim feelings on questions affecting Turkey and Islam.

When in September 1911, Italy, with the connivance of the British and the French, made a raid upon Ottoman Tripoli, the indignation of Muslims of India was widespread. The London Muslim League even threatened to raise volunteers for the assistance of Turkey. In order to render financial assistance for the relief of the Tripolitan sufferers, a Red Crescent Society was established. From Lahore to Madras, Muslims both Sunnis and Shias donated to the fund. To return the favour, Sunnis joined Shias in condemning the Russian occupation of northern Persia and the bombardment of the shrine of Imam Ali Raza in Meshhed, Iran (The Khilafat Movement in India, 1919-1924, Muhammad Naeem Qureshi, dissertation submitted to University of London, 1973, p.19-23).

A cry “Islam in Danger” raised by Indian Muslims:

When in October 1912, the Balkan States launched a combined attack on Turkey, Indian Muslim indignation was spontaneous and bitter. The ulama patched up their differences. The poet-theologian Shibli Numani raised the cry of ‘Islam in Danger’ and his young protégé, Abul Kalam Azad, proclaimed that the time for jihad had come. Shaukat Ali (1875-1958), the U.P. journalist, issued an appeal in the Comrade to organise a volunteer corps. His brother, Mohamed Ali (1878-1951), the editor of Comrade, advocated that the funds collected for the Aligarh University should be loaned to Turkey. An all-India medical mission under Dr. Mukhtar Ahmad Ansari (1880-1956) reached Constantinople at the end of December 1912.

The mission was able to establish contacts not only with Young Turk leaders but also with the Egyptian nationalists. A scheme for a rehabilitation colony in Anatolia for Muslim refugees from Macedonia, a university in Medina, an Islamic bank and a co-operative society was propounded. The project was actively supported by the Comrade which also encouraged Indian Muslims to purchase Turkish security bonds.

An important development of pan-Islamism in India was the foundation in May 1913 of a society called Anjuman-i-Khuddam-i-Kaaba (Society of the Servants of the Kaaba). Maulana Abdul Bari (1879-1926), the influential alim of Firangi Mahal seminary in Lucknow, was its President and M.H. Hosain Kidwai and the Ali brothers its other promoters. They decided on a two-fold plan, first, to organise Muslims to oppose any non-Muslim invasion, and, second, to strengthen Turkey as the one powerful Muslim power capable of maintaining ‘independent and effective Muslim sovereignty over the sacred places of Islam’.

There were also suspicious cash-rich Turkish visitors who were reportedly sent to stir up trouble in India. The Turkish Government was reportedly negotiating with a German firm in Hamburg for the purchase of rifles to arm the Indian Muslims (Qureshi, ibid, pp. 22-29).

Such was the situation in India in July 1914 when World War I erupted in the form of a conflict between Serbia and Austria. It was a powder keg waiting to explode!

Beirut Explosion: India Too Will Go That Way Unless Population is Controlled!

By: Seshan Iyer

Beirut is in the news today – but for the wrong reason: a devastating explosion took place there. Beirut is the capital of Lebanon – a country bordering Israel. In Beirut, there was an explosion of over 2,750 tonnes of ammonium nitrate, which was seized by the authorities from so-called militants six years ago. Initially, the explosion was taken to be detonation of some kind of atomic device but it turned out this huge deadly chemical explosion. Who were these “militants” illegally possessing such big quantity of explosive material?

One would recall that in the 1970’s, Lebanon was called a ‘Paradise’ and its capital Beirut was the ‘Paris of the East’. It was a peaceful place of a modern country with scenic beauty.

Lebanon had a Christian and Muslim mixed population living amicably. The Lebanese Christians are some of the oldest Christians in the world, preceded only by the oriental Orthodox of Armenia and Copts of Egypt. It had a progressive, tolerant and multi-cultural society, just like India is today.

Lebanon had some of the best universities in Middle East, where children with good background from all over Arabia used to come to study. And then they used to stay there & work. Lebanese banking was one of the best banking systems in the world.

Despite not having oil, Lebanon had a great economy. An idea of the then Lebanese society’s peacrful life, natural beauty and its citizens’ progressive outlook can be gauged from the fact that in 1960s Hindi film “An Evening in Paris” was also shot in Lebanon! That all was a matter for the Lebanon people to be proud of. Now it has turned into a hell. How did it come to this dreadful state? How did it happen? India of 2020 has a lesson to learn from this transformation of Lebanon from a ‘Paradise’ to the ‘Hell’, which it is today.

Let us recapituate the history of this transformation.

In Lebanon the Muslims were producing many more kids than the Christians and the Islamic population was steadily growing. These Muslim kids were slowly being turned into radicalised youth due to their lack of education!!

In the 1970’s there was unrest in Jordan and liberal Lebanon was made to open its doors to “Palestinian refugees” by their Muslim leaders to show brotherly “true compassion”!! And, then, by 1980, Lebanon was in exactly the same condition as Syria is in today!!

Jihadists, who entered Lebanon as “refugees”, started ethnic cleansing of the native Christians resulting in untold number of deaths! No one from anywhere came to save those victims. Those who were able to save themselves but could not adjust to this daily violence, left Lebanon in droves of emigration.

As a result of the deaths and emigrations, the Lebanese Christian population, which was 60% in 1970, whittled down to a mere 37% in 30 years! Today, there are more Lebanese people living outside of Lebanon than within it. And above it, now their right to return back to Lebanon – their motherland – has been blocked by the Muslim majority government through laws. For them the doors are now sealed shut forever!

This sad story of Lebanon is only 30 years old!

India needs to learn from Lebanese history. Like in Lebanon, in India too there is steadily growing population of Crusaders; also there is an influx into India of radicalised Rohingyas, Bangladesh intruders. In a show of brotherly compassion for them, equally there are welcoming hands of those who are opposing CAA on the sole ground that this law should not be limited to Hindus, Sikhs, Jains and Christians alone persecuted in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan but should include Muslims as well from these countries. This show of brotherly love is not confined to those only who may in future enter India through the legal doors of CAA. There is this show of brotherly love from those who are opposing NRC towards the ones who have already illegally entered India in the past. There are also many enemies within!!

Though it is needed on the part of Indian people to unite against and boycott parties, institutions, people, actors, presstitutes and media who are associated with the crusaders against CAA and NRC but it is not enough to save this peaceful India. India urgently needs to put in place adequate measures to freeze the growth of its population beyond the number what is necessary to replace its present 1.3 billion strength.

PM Modi’s Way of Working – An Experience

By: Dr Archana Gogte, Pune

I had my clinic on Ferguson college road, a prime location in Pune, but unfortunately there was a wine shop and one Bar in the same building. They would give wine bottles and glass to their customers, who would sit in the staircase, drink the wine and dirty the staicase. In such a situation, naturally we would not feel safe to work in the late hours in our clinic. But there was nothing we could do in the matter. We were frustrated.

Therefore, there was no way left for me but to shift my clinic. So I shifted my clinic from that place in 2009. This old clinic was lying useless for me. For this wine and bar problem no tenant was willing to take my that clinic on rent. I decided to sell the same but for this very reason nobody was willing to buy it. So last year (2019) I started a lab there.

But for the lab work also the same problem was there. It was not safe to work there due to that wine shop and the Bar. I thought to use the legal mechanism to solve my problem. I went to the police but they said that they can’t do anything in the matter and that it’s the PMC’s (Pune Municipal Corporation) work to solve your problem. I went to the PMC and they said it’s the (Housing) Society problem. The Society couldn’t do much in the minace.

I got the place cleaned many times with my own expenses but of no use. It was a day to day problem.

Being very much frustrated, one day in December 2019 I wrote a letter to the PMO (Prime Minister Office), addressing to the PM Modi and narrating my problem.

Today I got a call from the police station that they have called the wine shop owner and the Bar owner to the police station. I said, “but I did not give any complaint to you or anywhere else”.
The police said, “It’s an order from the PMO office in Delhi to investigate into the matter and, if it is needed, to cancel the licence of the wine shop and the bar”.

In fact, I had completely forgotten about my letter written to the PMO. Oh, my God! What a man ruling India! He cares about the problems of little men like me too. It was beyond belief for me because I know very well about the 70 years long history of deaf and dumb rulers sitting in Delhi.

I still can’t get over this experience. Hats off to our PM for sorting the issues of citizens like me. During this time of pandemic I did not expect any government office to do any work – forget looking into ordinary citizens’ problems and solving them promptly!

I feel happy today that ‘My Vote’ did not go waste and that there is hope for my country and for it’s good hard working citizens.

China – An Emerging Danger to the World

1/3: Communist China – Reading the Mind of Xi Jinping; 2/3: Han Fei – Who Taught Treachery; 3/3: China – An Emerging Danger to the World

Current World Domination:

Today our world is dominated by the United States of America – by its military power, economic strength, scientific achievements and cultural ethos. This model is based on a liberal society governed by democracy, whatever that democracy may mean (to different persons).

It presents a model of free society with a free economy – with all their deficiencies – and uses its status as the supreme power of a unipolar world to export this model to every nook and corner of the world. Our world is dominated by this US.

We also know this political giant resorts to both legitimate and illegitimate means at its disposal to promote those who follow its plans and destabilizes and topples those governments that are against its model of political power.

Those who graduated from Adam Smith’s “Wealth of Nations” to Karl Marx’s “Das Capital” to Sri Aurobindo’s “Ideal of Human Unity” know it very well that this American model of democracy mandates the freedom and domination of all those who have money and the liberty to all those who want to earn this money. But … but this freedom of money and liberty to earn money comes with many strings of conditions attached to them. And, thenceforth it becomes a matter of many contending political ideologies, which is better to be avoided.

Chinese World Domination:

Despite all the demerits of the currently dominating capitalist model of this liberal democracy, it is million times better than the Chinese model of ‘People’s Democracy’ running on the Hanfeizi principles. China of today is striving with all its strength to replace this model by its own model, which foresees China as the supreme power of our world in place of America. It is confident in the truth of this saying of Han Fei, “No country is strong forever and no country is weak forever”. And, this China may come to dominate our world – it is not an impossibility.

Then, how would our world look? To have an idea of how that world would look, just replace Han Fei with Adam Smith as the governing guide of this America of today! One would shiver to think of that possibility. For a person who loves his or her freedom, it would be better to die than to live in a world infested all around with the Hanfeizi.

It would be a world with the news of daily toppling of governments; killing of persons who talk of freedom; hand-picking of henchmen who are ready and willing to follow Hanfeizi to replace those toppled government; and a ruthless world empire ruling the obedient subjects! This is the Chinese model of globalism, and possibly a world government! Beware, China is coming – it is an emerging danger for our world.

For Super Power Big Size is a Must:
Land, land or more land! After all, it is not for nothing that USA or Russia are regarded as the great powers of the world today. They have big size of their land. Of course, it is not the size of the land alone that matters – but big size of land is a must for an aspiring country.

China in order to achieve its goal of becoming the supreme power of the world is on the spree of grabbing as much land as possible from its neighbouring countries. It has a clear vision of its goals that must be achieved to shape the future of this world: it knows fully well it is the geographical size of a country that matters most for becoming a world power and this size – the territorial land – cannot be purchased at any price. It is a must for China if it desires to to be treated as the supreme power by the world.

It knows that this almost an impossible work can be done – if it ever can be done – only by the full play of the time-tested Hanfeizi principles. Let us see how these principles of Hafeizi were played out with foreign countries by China.

Nehru loved China:

The three armed principles – Propensity (of power to force its way); Tactics (to suit the available conditions); and Law (to give fake cover of morality to its acts taken according to propensity and tactics) – found in the guidebook of Han Fei have been smartly played by the Communist China since its founding in its dealings with foreign countries.

Nehru loved Chinese communist leaders, including Mao Zedong. On their request to send a medical team of doctors to help their PLA – by treating its wounded soldiers – in their fight against the Japanese (and thereafter against the army of their own national government of Kuomintang led by Chiang kai Shek), Nehru sent to China a team of doctors led by Dr Kotnis. Nehru loved the Chinese comrades with his heart and admired them. But for the Chinese communists it was a tactic only and not a reciprocal love for Nehru or India. Nehru continued to love them when they came to power in 1949.

Nehru facilitated China’s Entry to UNSC:

Jawaharlal Nehru the first Prime Minister of India had written books like ‘Glimpses of World History’ and ‘Discovery of India’ and was regarded a learned man. But he had neither heard the name of Han Fei nor had the knowledge that his great friend Mao Zedong was an admirer of that ancient strategist.

Around 1955 the issue of representing Asia in the Security Council of United Nations came before the big four nations – USA, USSR, UK and France – and US President Eisenhower suggested the name of India as a permanent member from Asia, as he was dead against Chinese communists.

Feelers were sent through Smt. Vijay Laxmi Pandit (Indian ambassador to US) to Nehru to this effect but Nehru refused the American urgings for a permanent seat for India in the UN security council. Letters between Nehru and Indian ambassador to the US make it quite clear that Nehru’s stand was, “India certainly was entitled to a permanent seat in security council of the United Nations, it would be dangerous for this to come at the cost of China.”

And, China was made a permanent member of the Security Council – at the cost of India. It was the victory of ‘Tactic’ of Han Fei aided by the foolishness of Nehru.

Tibet, the First Victim of China:

Nehru helped Chinese craft its “Panchsheel”, an internationally crowed principle of non-interference in each other’s internal affairs – and gladly signed the treaty, unmindful of the fact that it was a classical play of Hanfeizi ‘Tactic’.

For its work, China like an experienced savage hunter probes the strength of its intended prey. In this exercise, the weakest country comes first as the victim of its operation. Founded on Han Fei’s classical guide of treachery, China – as a deceptive measure – appears innocent in its intentions and proposes to the existing powers of the world to willingly enter itself into agreements with them and promises to them to abide by international law. But its intentions always remain to find an opportune time to break its solemn promises and create a new conditions as fate accompli to its advantage.

It uses all tricks in its bag to achieve its objective. It uses history as the ground to claim its right on a foreign land. In this way, to give a colour of moral justification to its designed move to grab Tibet, it first claimed that historically Tibet was always a part of China. China in almost all cases of its claim over foreign countries uses the argument of “Historical Past”. Is “Historical Past” a valid ground to claim sovereignty over a presently independent – sovereign – country? It is a false and illogical ground. How many years one can go back into the past to stake his claim? No yardstick! The fact is that everyday the present is turned into the past and the history is made everyday with new reality. If the history is allowed as a ground to stake such claims to grab the lands of independent countries, then, one can go back to one hundred or one thousand or even ten thousand years’ history and claim the whole world as his own. Then, for example, modern India may stake its claim on Afghanistan, Indonesia, Thailand, and even Iran and some parts of Central Asia!! Once these lands formed part of ancient India and ruled by Indian kings. History cannot be used as a ground to claim right over a foreign land. But China is adamant to use this spurious ground – and claimed its right over Tibet.

And, then, Tibet was invaded and annexed to its territory in 1959. It was the play of ‘Propensity’ of power by China. It gave the first shock to Nehru’s India – and Nehru unwillingly accepted the fate accompli. He kept quiet over the invasion of a neighbouring country by a belligerent China; and, simply did nothing except giving the refuge in India to its fleeing ruler Dalai Lama. Nehru granted this sheltering to Dalai Lama – the prey of China – to give it a colour of his love for suffering and persecuted persons and of following an ancient tradition of India to provide refuge to one was in danger of his life. For China, this incident was an excuse.

India, the Next Victim of China:

Nehru got the ‘shock of his life’ – and Nehru’s India the first taste of ‘Propensity’ of power – in 1962, when China invaded India in Indian Aksai Chin area. China coined a phrase, “Hindi Chini Bai Bhai, Ye Zameen Hamara Hai, Tum Isko Chhod do” (India and China are brothers, this land is our, you leave this land). It was China who said, “Hindi Chini Bhai Bhai” and India never said it. It was the naked play of ‘Propensity’ of power; it was clothed with fake morality of ‘Law’ and both these goals to the advantage to China were accomplished by the play of ‘Tactics’ – first by entering into UNSC with courtesy of India, concluding ‘Pachsheel’ and annexing Tibet and then attacking India. China got more than one million of square kilometers of Indian land and annexed it as its own territory.

Vietnam and many more invaded:

In pursuit of its objective to grab more and more land from foreign countries, China even did not spare its supposedly communist friend country – Vietnam. Vietnam was invaded with its full force of PLA but was defeated by the veteran fighters of Vietnam – a small country. Since that time, China covets for its land but does not dare to touch it.

Likewise there were border skirmishes with Cambodia, claims against the lands belonging to Russia, Mongolia, Brunei and the Philippines. In its dispute against the Philippines, China  has refused to honour the award of international arbitration forum that has gone against it in its dispute with the Philippines.

It makes a claim against the Japanese islands, stakes its claim on the now independent country of Taiwan, which was established by Chiang Kai Shek – just like mainland China was established by Mao Zedong.

Another example of following this Han Fei’s principle by Xi is breaking the solemn promise – a treaty signed by China and vouched with its national honor – made to Britain on acquisition of the British colony of Hong Kong. It passed a security law applicable to Hong Kong violating its solemn promise guaranteeing its democratic status till 2050.

South China Sea Islands:

Now this China has staked the claim of its sovereign rights over the entire South China Sea. To bolster this claim, it has artificially created many small islands and fortified them with military facilities. True to its Hanfeizi ‘Propensity’ of power, today China is daring the entire world to challenge its PLA power.

Design against Pakistan:

By entrapping Pakistan with enormous debt under its enticing and much touted “One Belt, One Road” project and playing upon the Pakistan’s fear of India, China is relentlessly pursuing its territorial design to grab Pakistani land in lieu of the repayment of its due debts.

It has staked its land claim to Bhutan’s natural sanctuary, India’s area in Ladakh and Arunachal Pradesh. It is relentlessly pursuing its objective of becoming a super power of the world by resorting to many devices, including stealing the US technologies and using the same against that very country to replace itself in that stead. It is resorting to experimenting in biological warfare against the united might of the world as well as space technology.

It all does not bode well for this world. At its least, this country may dominate this world with its inhuman Hanfeizi values, and at the worst, it may push our world to a cataclysmic world war 3!

Lord Ram’s Temple, Yes – But Population Control too!

The foundation of Lord Sri Ram Temple has been laid in Ayodhya today on 5 August 2020. It has been made possible only because the highest forum of the Indian judiciary has held that at this very spot before Babari Mosque there was a Ram Temple, and that this land must be given to Hindus for construction of the temple of Sri Ram. This much everyone knows.

Laying down of the foundation and the construction of Sri Ram’s temple thereon has a symbolic value – a value that has one meaning for Hindus who got this land and another meaning for Muslims who lost the same.

One would be naive to think that this judicial verdict has buried the Hindu-Muslim dispute over this land for all times to come. Though the court held that it was a land dispute between the two communities – and decided the same between the two rival claimants in its usual manner – in fact, it was not a land dispute. Going by the challenging statements thrown by fanatic Muslims, the dispute between the two communities has not been resolved, it has merely been deffered – postponed – to some future date.

The fanatic elements among the aggrieved party are openly threatening that they are only waiting their hour. According to them, it is not the right time now and their hour will soon come. Those who are not understanding its plain and simple meaning – whether they be among the ordinary public or among those whose business is to govern this country – are proverbial blind with their open eyes.

There is a fable but with a sensible meaning: When faced with a cat, a pegion closes its eyes to save itself from the cat! One can close one’s eyes but by that device the reality does not change. For him, it is his fate.

There was a Ram temple at this very spot in Ayodhya – it has been so held by the Indian Supreme Court. This judicial verdict does not add any weight to the truth that is so open – the truth that there was once a Ram temple here – except that this verdict is supposed to be ‘the only proof’ that is acceptable to the legally defeated community. But why any proof at all was needed for plain things by this community?

It needs no proof that India was a Hindu land before Islam came here; that long long back Lord Sri Ram was regarded an incarnation of God by these Hindus; that Islam does not permit idols and images of any god in temples; that in India innumerable temples of Hindus were destroyed by victorious Islam and converted into mosques (many of which still stand today – including mosques in Mathura and Kashi (Benaras); that it was an improper thing in the eyes of Hindus and it was proper one in the eyes of Islam; that it (replacing temple with mosque) was made possible only because at that time Islam – Be it Babar or anybody else like him – was the ruler of India. Does it need a judgment of Supreme Court to prove this truth? Only the most stupid or the most willy a person would demand of a proof of such historical facts.

Islam was able to accomplish all its fanatic merits to its credit only because it was the ruler at that time and at those places where such things happened. Islam is most devout religion on Earth in carrying out its religious obligations. It has proved this devotion to its religious obligations in the past and it is still proving this devotion to these obligations in the present today in Pakistan, Bangladesh and at a large number of other places where it is ruling as the supreme power.

It is most logical to hold that in future too it will perform this devotion very faithfully to these religious obligations – in places where it comes to power as a ruler; and India is no exception to this logical conclusion. Only one who does not want to face the reality or one who knows this reality but has vested interest in not admitting it would deny its truth.

While Islam is the most devout religion in carrying out its fanatic religious obligations, Communist China is the most wily nation on Earth to use notoriously most inhuman methods against Islam in its Uygar province, and still it has not been able to solve this fanatic problem there. This is the power of their devotion.

If India does not bring very soon – very soon may be within two / three years – strict population control framework (framework and not the policy) applicable equally to all religious communities, the story of Hindus of India as well as their Constitution, of which they are very proud and under which they live a peaceful life today, shall be over in a few decades from now. It is dead-certain. As they say, it is written on the wall.

Most likely, it will be their “fate” – unless they bring (and bring when they are able to bring) the strict population control law.

If India is late in doing so, it will be too late to be able to do so.

India – as we know it – is slowly and steadily walking towards the begining of its end.

Despite all the heroic efforts that India is making today – like make in India, new education framework, achievements in science and technology,  political awakening to its past history and its present challenges – all will go down the drain before its own eyes. This doomsday will come its way because of the demographic change that India is rapidly undergoing today.

We know that India is faced with great difficulties today – like defending itself against China, catching up in the race of defence technology, dealing with internal enemies of India, putting its economy again on rails after the current pandemoc etc. But all these difficulties pale into insignificance in comparison to the problem it will soon face because of the demographic change that is currently under way. Today the top most priority for India should be to take prompt measures to control its population.

This demographic change is rapidly bringing into existence a new reality, that is, accomplishing an aim without the power of sword, which the sword of Mughals could not accomplish. As of today – and in the forseeable future too – India is ruled by votes – the votes of people divided by their religious identities. If we do not live in a fanciful world of dreams, we would admit without the slightest hasitation that what matters for a nation is its ruler and that the ruler is decided in India by its votes of religiously divided people.

The previous governments assidiously avoided counting the number of Hindus, Muslims, Christians as separate communities – under the pretence that it would bring communal discord between them and destroy cohesion of India as one nation. There is no merit this false ground. It is a hard fact that Muslims of erstwhile united India had demanded and got Pakistan on the sole ground that Muslims are a separate community with its own separate culture, which culture is just opposite to Hindus in its ethos, ideals and heroes and that Muslims cannot live together with Hindus in united one India.

It is as valid a ground for them today for being a different community as this ground was for them in 1947 when they asserted this difference. It was as wise an exercise for the post 1947 India to count the number of the communities of Hindus, Muslim etc. in its early political life as it is today. But this counting has never been done. This omission whether then under a false pretence or now under carelessness – or for eagerness to be ‘politically correct’ – is mortally fatal for democratic India and at the peril of the life of Hindus.

Suffering under this limitation – absence of a reliable data of separate religious communities – one is left with no option but to depend on the data available in public domain on internet etc. Some of the Population Statistics of India from Year 1948 to 2017 and the expected statistics on the same lines up to Year- 2041 in India are as below:

Year- 1948: Hindu : 88.2 % Muslim: 6 %

Year- 1951: Hindu: 84.1 % Muslim: 9.8 %

Year- 2011(Estimated): Hindu: 79.8 % Muslim: 15.0%

Year- 2011 (Official): Hindu: 73.2 %
Muslim: 22.6 %

Year- 2017 (Actual): Hindu: 68.6 %
Muslim: 27.2 %

Year- 2021(Estimated): Hindu: 65.7 % Muslim: 32.8 %

Year- 2031 (Estimated): Hindu: 60.4 % Muslim: 38.1 %

Year- 2037 (Estimated): Hindu: 55.0 % Muslim: 43.6 %

Year- 2040 (Estimated): Hindu: 30.5% Muslim: 66.9%

Year- 2041 (Estimated): Hindu: 11.2 % Muslims: 84.5 %

This 2040 is not a far off date, we are already living in 2020, which is only 20 years away!

Just have a look at these public resources available on internet:

The Future of World Religions: Population Growth Projections, 2010-2050


Click to access demography_hms_2017_slides.pdf


Click to access religious-demography-of-india-ppt.pdf

Han Fei – Who Taught Treachery

1/3: Communist China – Reading the Mind of Xi Jinping; 2/3: Han Fei – Who Taught Treachery; 3/3: China – Emerging Danger to the World

Han Fei – the Art of Treachery:

Let us know who this Han Fei is and what lessons in treachery he taught to his disciples. Han Fei was born in 280 BCE. He lived in the ending phase of the ‘Qin Dynasty’ (770 to 221 BCE). This long period saw an extraordinary intellectual activity in China, produced great thinkers like Confucius, Laotze, Zhuangzi, Mozi etc. and is known as ‘Contention of a Hundred Schools of Thought’. It is regarded as the golden age of Chinese thought.

During the period 1046 – 221 BCE China’s central area was ruled by the kingdom of Zhou, who ruled it through a feudal system. However this decentralised system over time became weak and ceaseless internecine warfare erupted among numerous royal houses, nobles and tribal peoples giving rise to throngs of lords and grandees who declared their independence and divided the state among them. Amid this chaotic scene, thrived intellectual genius, savvy strategists and master diplomats who were in great demand by the battling kings and nobles.

Han Fei was one of the many princes in the ruling clan. As a young nobleman he went to study in the legendary Jixia Academy, headed by Xunzi. But Han Fei was more inspired by the ‘Book of Lord Shang’, which was a guidebook laying down notoriously harsh state ‘legal’ reforms written down seven decades anterior to the founding of Qin empire and implimented by this dynasty under its chief architect Lord Shang (Shang Yang).

This Lord Shang met his ghastly death at the hands of his enemies under the very ‘laws’ that he himself put in place. Shang Yang somehow fell foul of the rulers that he had advised and served. He fled to save his life but was denied refuge because he lacked the kind of identification that was required under the very laws that he had advocated. He was dismembered by being torn to pieces by five chariots, and his clan was duly exterminated in accordance with ‘the law’! But by that time the Qin empire had already been transformed into a formidable militarised society.

Science and Art of Governance:

Most of Shang Yang’s prescriptions are designed for thought-control and state domination, which we call a police state with Chinese characteristics. This book left a profound impression on Han Fei’s writings and is a foundational text for the present totalitarianism of the Communist China. One must read Han Fei to understand the mind and designs of this China under the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), which book is recommended and often quoted none other than by Xi Jinping – and before him, his Guru Mao Zedong.

What Han Fei intellectually achieved was a holistic synthesis of the concept of ‘tactics’, which was previously articulated by Master Shen Buhai, and the  concept of ‘propensity’, which was developed by Master Shen Dao into his own political world view. Master Shen Buhai and Master Shen Dao have penetratively analysed how power was to be maintained and manipulated and Han Fei fused them together into a creative ‘Han Feizi’ or Han Feism. It is the masterpiece of an articulation of mature ‘Legalism’ of a totalaterian state and, in that field, remains unsurpassed till today. Classical Marxian dictatorship of the Russian variety (or of the North Korean family rule going under the name of Communist society) with all their appratachik is nothing in comparison but its pale shadow.

State and Ruler:

What does this Han Feism teach the Chinese communist party and its leader Xi Jinping? While Confucius, Mencius and Xunzi prescribed for rulers moral values of benevolence and justice in society, for Han Fei the central concern was power and how it should be exercised. ‘Every age has its own particular circumstances and distinct character but its Zeitgeist remains force and strength’, Han Fei remarked. Unlike Xunzi who in his mind had a benevolent Confucian-father-figure image of a ruler, for him the ruler was an embodiment of the state in his power and intelligence. For Han Fei the ruler was like the head of a person and the ruled people were like his body: the king – an ‘Enlightened Master’ or the ‘All-seeing Lord’ – was like a sober head with eyes to see, ears to hear and a brain to think and the people were like a collection of reactive simpletons who were motivated by infantile emotions and thoughts of greed, and base desires. For the good of whole being, the head must command the body and the power and wisdom laying within the exclusive domain of head – the ruler – determined the strength of the body – the state as a whole. Now what was left for him was merely to elaborate the methods of a top-down control of power, which he accomplished by perfecting a sophisticated art of the manipulation of state power.

He logically delved into the issues like how a ruler could govern effectively and ensure that his ministers and underlings remained diligent and loyal to him; how best to thwart potential challengers and forestall subversive influences; how to marshal all available resources to build a strong military that could defeat all enemies etc.

State and ‘Law’:

As the good – or bad – governance was not his concern, Han Fei entirely removed all the ethical and moral considerations from his equations of power play, as these things forced the ruler off his object, confused his judgment and even undermined his very authority. Instead of indulging in such fissipporus, he advocated for laying down the ‘Law’ – or laws.

What he meant by ‘Law’ was not the ‘Rule of Law’ – a modern concept – but the need for a ruler to have a triple mix of ‘Law / Laws’, ‘Tactics’ and ‘Propensity’. Law refers to a system in which all promulgated laws like the penal code, awards and punishments, royal edicts etc. are enforced to bring about an absolute obedience in all subjects of the state and turn them into members of an orderly society. So far as the ruler — the ultimate umpire and final authority — is concerned, he effectively remains above the law.

State and Tactics:

The second arm of this triple mix refers to a set of tactics designed for the ruler to monitor and control his ministers and underlings. The ruler, Han Fei warns, should trust no one around him (not even his wife and children!) because they are bound to him not by affection but by ‘profit and gains’ — that is, self-interest.

Han Fei offers a toolkit with a wide array of practical strategies and psychological tricks to keep the subjects under the desired check. Opacity, evasion, dissimulation, cunning, fear, secrecy, concealment, lies, surveillance, spying, traps, division, feigned ignorance, blackmail, loyalty-testing by means of provocation, cross checking of information are some of the prescribed tools.

State and ‘Propensity of Power’:

The remaining third of this mix ‘Propensity’ is a notion used to describe the natural advantage afforded to one who occupies a high perch, a vantage point from which one can command, and overcome momentous forces, an unassailable strategic position that makes it possible to impose one’s will. Noting that possessing a formidable ‘propensity’ far outweighs the mere virtue or talent, Han Fei elaborates how a ruler should best protect his commanding position and exploit both its aura and its resources for the maximum impact.

In short, the principle of ‘propensity’ is nothing but the audacity of a ruler to use the power to the hilt to his own advantage unhindered by any other – softening – considerations. It teaches the ruler to be ruthless in exercising the power – so that it creates the maximum impact in achieving its object, that is, subordination of his subjects, dominating his rivals and vanquishing his enemies.

Communist China: Reading the Mind of Xi Jinping

1/3: Communist China – Reading the Mind of Xi Jinping; 2/3: Han Fei – Who Taught Treachery; 3/3:  China – An Emerging Danger to the World

Communist China:

We are not concerned with China – but with Communist China. They are entirely different things from each other – the first one evokes respect and the second one revulsion. Communist China is an institutionalized deceitful state skillfuly employing the principles of treachery advocated by an ancient king-philosopher called Han Fei in the matter of exercising state power to vanquish its enemies.

Since its founding in 1949, this China is deceptively clothing itself as a Communist country with the ‘China’s peculiar characterstics’ to claim a moral ground and gain respect of the worldwide followers of Marxist political ideology. To truly understand its designs – and its actions in pursuit of those designs – affecting the world at large, it is important to know and understand the teachings of Han Fei. What is the internal structure of this Communist China?

Communist China means the party, state and army rolled into one. And, this triple-faced monolith is personafied by one person – the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China. His mind is the mind of China. Since its founding the shape of this Communist China has been determined by the General Secretary of the time and his mind has been the mind of China. The foremost among them all was Mao Zedong, the founder of Communist China and the present one is Xi Jinping. It is the mind of this General Secretary that makes what this China is today and what it means to the outside world – today and in coming times. The reading of the mind of Xi Jinping is to read the mind of this China.

Legacy of Han Fei – Mao to Xi

Xi Jinping is inspired by this China’s founding father – Mao Zedong. But he is inspired by Mao in more than one ways. For Xi Jinping, like Mao Zedong, ‘Communist Manifesto’ of Karl Marx has been nothing more than a pamphlet; like Mao, he never understood – and even read – ‘Das Capital’ penned by that ideological Guru of Communism; like Mao, he is an avid reader of books; like Mao, he gives the hint of what is going on in his mind; like Mao, he often fondly quotes from the books that he read and liked; like Mao, he too is able to keep his real – evil – designs well camauflaged by his innocent looking beautiful words – camauflaged until those designs are played out in the action for all to see.

But Xi Jinping is inspired by Mao Zedong in one more significant way: like Mao, Xi Jinping loves more than anything else an ancient Chinese king-philosopher named Han Fei! He was a king-philosopher of living treachery. Xi Jinping is an ardent follower of Han Fei.

Before knowing who this Han Fei is, let us know how much Xi admires him. The mind of Han Fei is the mind of Xi Jinping. This makes our task – that is, reading the mind of General Secretary Xi Jinping – easy because Han Fei is an open book for all to read and understand.

In this 21st century empowered by information technology, Xi cannot dupe with his beautiful words, with which he tries to convince, assure and sooth the international community – because everyone knows that it is a trick taught to him by his Guru Han Fei.

About Mao Zedong, the founder of Communist China, there has not been doubt that he followed the teachings of Han Fei in ruling China. In fact, he admitted this fact on several ocassions – sometime in blunt manner and some time in private conversation. On one occassion, while hosting a foreign dignatory – Egyptian President – he bluntly said that he was more ruthless than the Qin dynasty emperor and that Lin Biao has wrongly accused him that was ruthless like the Qin dynasty emperor (Lin Biao was his comrade-in-arm who had fallen foul of Mao).

On another occassion, Mao Zedong reminded his nephew Mao Yuanxin that he should study classical texts and learn the lessons from China’s past. When in response Yuanxin said to his uncle that he was reading Han Fei and Li Si, Mao Zedong approvingly said, “These are precisely the works you must read. And not just once; you must read them at least five times.’ (‘Five times’ was the stock number that Mao used to emphasise the importance of something). He went on: As a young man, he had read Hanfeizi several times. Why, he had even committed entire chapters to his memory. He then offered his nephew an analysis of what really happened between the two famous disciples of Xunzi (Han Fei and Li Si): Li Si, Mao observed, was anxious about eventually being out-maneuvered by Han Fei, so he took advantage of his superior position in the Qin court to make a preemptive strike. In other words, he had his former classmate Han Fei done away with while he still could. That’s why (Mao quoted from his memory) ‘Han had said fatefully: ‘Men of remote antiquity competed via morality and virtue; those of the middle ages strove after wisdom and strategy; today, men contend by force and strength.’ ‘What Han Fei meant by “force and strength” was power,’ Mao added. Then, to emphasise the point, he quoted another passage: ‘Whomsoever is possessed of magisterial strength is courted; while whomsoever has inferior strength pays court to others. It is for this reason that the shrewd ruler strives for might.’ ‘A smart emperor must control power,’ Mao concluded by adding: ‘[That’s why] Qin Shihuang took Han Fei’s advice and created a system of centralised authority.’

Mao was advising a family member behind closed doors by opening his heart. Mao Yuanxin after four weeks of the death of his uncle Mao Zedong was declared a member of “Gang of Four”, arrested and spent 17 years in prison.

But Xi Jinping has no personal chrisma like his mentor Mao Zedong and cannot aford to be so blunt in admitting his fidality to Han Fei’s ideas of treachery. He is careful in choosing words and prefers to work stealthly.

Xi – A Career in Opportunism and Treachery:

Though Xi Jinping pretends much, he is not a well read man as he pretends. He did not even finish his middle school. His pretentious claims are looked at with a suppressed laugh and contempt by the Chinese on their native social media platforms. At the start of the Chinese cultural revolution in 1966, he was a thirteen-year-old middle school student. Then he was sent to work in countryside and there he became a party cadre. He ardently worked there for the party for seven years, and on the basis of his political performance there he as a member of ‘privilaged select group’ got an entry in Tsinghua University as a ‘worker-peasant-soldier-student’ to study chemical engineering.

Thereafter he rapidly rose on the political ladder of success and held the full-time post of vice governor of Fujian province from 1998 to 2002. While performing his work at Fuzhou as vice governor, he joined as a ‘full-time’ student of ‘Marxist theory and ideology’ at the same Tsinghua University, which was two thousand kilometers away from Fuzhou where he graduated with a ‘doctorate in law’. Xi practiced hard in his life to cultivate his image of a disciplined party cadre and competent official possessing an unassuming and respectful manners to his superiors. Added to this image, he had to his credit a solid record of his achievements in the service of the party. With these assets, he slowly climbed over the decades the ladder of success. But it was not enough to reach the top. He was wise and had the advantage of imbibing the secrets of success taught by Han Fei. He knew what more was needed to reach the top: he persistently and patiently ingratiated himself with the party elders, who alone held the magic wend to turn his wish into a reality. He was eventually selected by those chosen few as a successor to the ultimate position in China. Then and only then did he reveal himself what he in fact was! But by then it was too late for those who were around him to do anything about it. Once he assumed the mantle of party-state-army leader in early 2013 he proved that, when required, he could be ruthless to his enemies, looking morally upright to the world and stealthy in his moves. In the true style of an accomplished Hanfeizi, he began making commanding public statements looking morally righteous and brimming with confidence, although always confounding and ambiguous in their meaning and intent.

In some of his interviews and speeches he has repeatedly said, ’When I’m not working, my main hobby is reading’. But the question is: What has he been reading and what has made deep impact on his mind?

It is reported by one of his old class-mates (who now lives in California) that Xi Jinping Xi used to be absorbed in old Chinese books and classics – though he could not name those books. But Xi’s penchant for quoting from Chinese classical texts has revealed this secret. In 2015, People’s Daily Press had published a list of books that Xi has read and its editor further cited the ‘top ten’ list, which are the ‘works most frequently cited by the leader (Xi), as well as the most consequential which best reflect his ideas about governance’. Two of the quotations in this ‘Top Ten’ are from Hanfeizi! The first reads: ‘No country is permanently strong, nor is any country permanently weak. If those who impose ‘The Law’ (=fake cover of law to look moral) are strong, the country will be strong; if they are weak, the country will be weak.’

During the last eight years of his rule as the General Secretary of the party of a powerful China, Xi Jinping has shown to the world how he can play the audacity of power – ‘Propensity of Power, a term used by Han Fei – in the contemporary geopolitics. This ‘Propensity of Power’ is a masterpiece of dominating and ruling – be it at the national level or worldwide – taught by Hanfeizi. Today Xi Jinping is playing this Hanfeizi principle of ‘propensity of power’ smartly in contemporary geopolitics whether it be by claiming the sovereignty over South China Sea dismissing an international judicial award against his claim as nothing more than dustbin paper or by stealing the technology (intellectual property) of the United States of America and employing the same against this very country or by claiming the Himalayan territory of India in Ladakh and Arunachal Pradesh, in addition to the chinese already illegally occupied areas of a million square kilometers of Aksai Chin or by claiming territories of Vietnam, Japan, Russia, Mongolia, Cambodia, The Philippines, Brunei – in all not less than 20 countries – or by refining his skill to subdue the world by launching bio-weapon and causing pandemics.

He has practiced and honed the skill of power politics at his home turf for long enough. He has perfected this Hanfeizi art of remaining ambiguous hidden behind beautiful words, telling lies, breaking solemn promises, committing treachery and making the meaning of his ambiguous words loud and clear with his sinister actions. And knows very well how to maximize the impact of this art. Advancing stealthy with his calculated moves, Xi Jinping has proved to the world that he has long prepared for the moment with which the world is faces today. It is altogether another matter that Xi is not aware of how calamitous consequences his ‘miscalculated’ moves could prove to the humanity in the 21st century world that is over-laden with the technology, of which Han Fei had no idea even in his wildest of dreams!

ईसाई धर्मान्तरण – जब एक सैनिक ने पादरी की खटिया खडी की !

अशोक (एक भारतीय सैनिक)

अभी कुछ महीने पहले ही मैं नई यूनिट में ट्रान्सफर हो कर आया हूँ। पिछली यूनिट में कई लोगों ने मेरी छवि एक सांप्रदायिक कट्टर हिन्दू की बना दी थी और कुछ लोगों ने तो मुझे इस्लाम और क्रिश्चियनिटी विरोधी तक बता दिया था, इस लिए मैं इस यूनिट में काफ़ी शाँत रहता था। किसी भी धर्म पर मैं कोई भी बात नही करता था।

मेरे साथ एक सीनियर हैं जो 4 साल पहले हिंदू से क्रिस्चियन में कन्वर्ट हुए हैं। वो दिन रात क्रिश्चियनिटी की प्रशंसा करते रहते और हिंदुत्व को गालियाँ देते रहते थे। उन्हें मेरे बारे में कोई जानकारी नही थी और नाही उन्होंने मेरी हिस्ट्री पढ़ी थी। कल रविवार को बातों ही बातों में उन्होंने मुझे क्रिश्चियनिटी में कन्वर्ट होने का ऑफ़र दे दिया और क्रिश्चियनिटी के फ़ायदे बताने लगे।

अब मुझसे शान्त नही रहा गया। मैं कई दिनों से ऐसे ही मौके की तलाश में था और मेरे दिमाग में क्रिस्चियन कन्वर्शन वाले मुद्दे को लेकर बडी कशमकश चल रही थी – इस तरह के धर्मान्तरण के खिलाफ बोलूं कि ना बोलूं? मैं उसके ज्ञान का लेवल जानता था। मैं जानता था की उसे क्रिश्चियनिटी और बाइबिल में कुछ भी नही आता है। इसलिए मैंने उससे बहस करना जायज़ नही समझा। मैं बाइबिल को लेकर किसी बड़े क्रिस्चियन पादरी – फादर – से बहस करना चाहता था। इसलिये मैंने उनका ऑफ़र स्वीकार कर लिया।

कल शाम को मैं अपने आठ जूनियर और उस सीनियर के साथ चर्च पहुँच गया। वहाँ कुछ परिवार भी हिन्दू से क्रिस्चियन कन्वर्शन के लिए आये हुए थे। और धर्म परिवर्तन कराने के लिए गोआ के किसी चर्च के फादर बुलाये गए थे। चर्च में प्रेयर हुई। फिर उन्होंने क्रिश्चियनिटी और परमेश्वर पर लेक्चर दिया और होली वाटर के साथ धर्मान्तरण की प्रोसेस शुरू कर दी।

मैंने अपने सीनियर से कहा कि वो फ़ादर से रिक्वेस्ट करें कि वह सबसे पहले मुझे कन्वर्ट करें। ऐसा कहने पर फ़ादर ने मुझे बुलाया और बोला, “जीसस ने अशोक को अपनी शरण में बुलाया है, मैं अशोक का क्रिश्चियनिटी में स्वागत करता हूँ”!

मैंने फ़ादर से कहा कि मुझे कन्वर्ट करने से पहले वे क्रिस्चियन और हिन्दू को कम्पेयर करते हुए उसके मेरिट और डिमेरित मुझे बताएँ। मैं कन्वर्ट होने से पहले बाइबिल पर आपके साथ चर्चा करना चाहता हूँ; कृपया मुझे आधा घण्टे का समय दें और मेरे कुछ प्रश्नों का उत्तर दें और मेरी शंकाओ का समाधान करने की कृपा करें।

फ़ादर को मेरे बारे में कोई जानकारी नही थी और उन्हें अंदाजा भी नही था कि मैं यहाँ उनके घृणा-स्पद प्रयासों की बखिया उधेडने आया हूँ। उन्हें पता नही था कि मैं अपना यह काम अपने प्लान के मुताबिक़ कर रहा हूँ। उस फ़ादर को इस बात का अंदेशा भी नही था की आज वो कितनी बड़ी आफ़त में फ़ंसने वाले हैं, सो फ़ादर बाइबिल पर चर्चा करने के लिए तैयार हो गए ।

मैंने पूछा – फ़ादर, क्रिश्चियनिटी हिन्दूत्व से किस तरह बेहतर है? परमेश्वर और बाइबिल में से कौन सत्य है? अगर बाइबिल और यीशु में से एक चुनना हो तो किसको चुनें?

अब फ़ादर ने क्रिश्चियनिटी की प्रसंशा और हिंदुत्व की बुराइयाँ करनी शुरू की और कहा –

यीशु ही एक मात्र परमेश्वर है और होली बाइबिल ही दुनियाँ में मात्र एक पवित्र क़िताब है। बाइबिल में लिखा एक एक वाक्य सत्य है; वह परमेश्वर का आदेश है। परमेश्वर ने ही पृथ्वी बनाई है।

क्रिश्चियनिटी में ज्ञान है, जबकि हिन्दुओँ की किताबों में केवल अंध विश्वास है।

क्रिश्चियनिटी में समानता है, जातिगत भेदभाव नही है, जबकि हिंदुओं में जातिप्रथा है।

क्रिश्चियनिटी में महिलाओं को पुरुषों के बराबर सम्मान हैं, जबकि हिन्दुओँ में लेडिज़ का रेस्पेक्ट नही है, हिन्दू धर्म में लेडिज़ के साथ सेक्सुअल हरासमेंट ज़्यादा है।

क्रिस्चियन कभी भी किसी को धर्म के नाम पर नही मारते, जबकि हिन्दू धर्म के नाम पर लोगों को मारते हैं, बलात्कार करते हैं; हिन्दू बहुत अत्याचारी होते हैं।

हिंदुओ में नंगे बाबा घूमते हैं; सबसे बेशर्म धर्म है हिन्दू।

अब मैंने बोलना शुरू किया कि फ़ादर मैं आपको बताना चाहता हूँ कि –

जैसा आपने कहा कि परमेश्वर ने पृथ्वी बनाई है और बाईबल में एक एक वाक्य सत्य लिखा है और वह पवित्र है, तो बाईबल के अनुसार पृथ्वी की उत्त्पति ईशा के जन्म से 4004 वर्ष पहले हुई अर्थात बाइबिल के अनुसार अभी तक पृथ्वी की उम्र 6020 वर्ष है जबकि साइंस के अनुसार (कॉस्मोलॉजि) पृथ्वी 4.8 बिलियन वर्ष की है जो बाइबिल में बतायी हुई वर्ष के बहुत ज़्यादा है। आप भी जानते हैं कि साइंस ही सत्य है ! अर्थात बाइबिल का पहला अध्याय ही बाइबिल को झूँठा घोषित कर रहा है। मतलब बाइबिल एक फ़िक्शन बुक है जो मात्र झूँठी कहानियों का संकलन है।
जब बाइबिल ही असत्य है तो आपके परमेश्वर का कोई अस्तित्व ही नही बचता।

आपने कहा कि क्रिश्चियनिटी में ज्ञान है तो आपको बता दूँ कि क्रिश्चियनिटी में ज्ञान नाम का कोई शब्द नही है; याद करो जब “ब्रूनो” ने कहा था कि पृथ्वी सूरज की परिक्रमा लगाती है तो चर्च ने ब्रूनो को बाइबिल को झूंठा साबित करने के आरोप में जिन्दा जला दिया था और गैलीलियो को इस लिए अँधा कर दिया गया क्योंकि उसने कहा था कि ‘पृथ्वी के आलावा और भी ग्रह हैं’ जो बाइबिल के विरुद्ध था ।

अब मैं आता हूँ हिंदुत्व में तो फ़ादर, हिंदुत्व के अनुसार पृथ्वी की उम्र ब्रह्मा के एक दिन और एक रात के बराबर है जो लगभग 1.97 बिलियन वर्ष है जो कि साइंस के बताये हुए समय के बराबर है और साइंस के अनुसार ग्रह नक्षत्र तारे और उनका परिभ्रमण हिन्दुओँ के ज्योतिष विज्ञान पर आधारित है; हिन्दू ग्रंथो के अनुसार 9 ग्रहों की जीवनगाथा वैदिक काल में ही बता दी गयी थी। ऐसे ज्ञान देने वाले संतो को हिन्दुओँ ने भगवान के समान पूजा है नाकि जिन्दा जलाया या अँधा किया।

केवल हिन्दू धर्म ही ऐसा है जो ज्ञान और गुरु को भगवान से भी ज़्यादा पूज्य मानता है जैसे कि कहा है:
“गुरुर्ब्रह्मा गुरुर्विष्णु गुरुर्देवोमहेश्वरः
गुरुर्साक्षात परब्रह्मा तस्मै श्रीगुरूवे नमः।।

और फ़ादर दुनियाँ में केवल हिन्दू ही ऐसा है जो कण कण में ईश्वर देखता है और ख़ुद को “अह्मब्रह्मस्मि” बोल सकता है इतनी आज़ादी केवल हिन्दू धर्म में ही हैं।

आपने कहा कि ‘क्रिश्चियनिटी में समानता है जातिगत भेदभाव नही है तो आपको बता दूँ कि क्रिश्चियनिटी पहली शताब्दी में तीन भागों में बटी हुई थी यानि – Jewish Christianity, Pauline Christianity, Gnostic Christianity जो एक दूसरे के घोर विरोधी थे; उनके मत भी अलग अलग थे। फिर क्रिश्चियनिटी Protestant, Catholic Eastern Orthodoxy, Lutherans में विभाजित हुई जो एक दूसरे के दुश्मन थे, जिनमें कुछ लोगों का मानना था कि “यीशु” फिर जिन्दा हुए थे तो कुछ का मानना है कि यीशु फिर जिन्दा नही हुए, और कुछ ईसाई मतों का मानना है कि “यीशु को सैलिब पर लटकाया ही नही गया”। आज ईसाईयत हज़ार से ज़्यादा भागों में बटी हुई है, जो पूर्णतः रँग भेद (श्वेत अश्वेत) और जातिगत आधारित है। आज भी पूरे विश्व में कनवर्टेड क्रिस्चियन की सिर्फ़ कनवर्टेड से ही शादी होती है।
आज भी अश्वेत क्रिस्चियन को ग़ुलाम समझा जाता है।

फ़ादर भेदभाव में ईसाई सबसे आगे हैं हैम के वँशज के नाम पर अश्वेतों को ग़ुलाम बना रखा है।

आपने कहा कि क्रिश्चियनिटी में महिलाओं को पुरुष के बराबर अधिकार है, तो बाईबल के प्रथम अध्याय में एक ही अपराध के लिये परमेश्वर ने ईव को आदम से ज्यादा दण्ड क्यों दिया, ईव के पेट को दर्द और बच्चे जनने का श्राप क्यों दिया? आदम को ये दर्द क्यों नही दिया? अर्थात आपका परमेश्वर भी महिलाओं को पुरुषों के समान नही समझता। आपके ही बाइबिल में “लूत” ने अपनी ही दोनों बेटियों का बलात्कार किया और इब्राहीम ने अपनी पत्नी को अपनी बहन बनाकर मिस्र के फिरौन (राजा) को सैक्स के लिए दिया।

आपकी ही क्रिश्चियनिटी ने पोप के कहने पर अब तक 50 लाख से ज़्यादा बेक़सूर महिलाओं को जिन्दा जला दिया। ये सारी रिपोर्ट आपकी ही बीबीसी न्यूज़ में दी हुईं हैं।

आपकी ही ईसाईयत में 17वीं शताब्दी तक महिलाओं को चर्च में बोलने का अधिकार नही था; महिलाओं की जगह प्रेयर गाने के लिए भी 15 साल से छोटे लड़को को नपुंसक बना दिया जाता था, उनके अंडकोष निकाल दिए जाते थे; महिलाओं की जगह उन बच्चों से प्रेयर करायी जाती थी।

बीबीसी के सर्वे के अनुसार सभी धर्मों के धार्मिक गुरुवों में सेक्सुअल केस में सबसे ज़्यादा “पोप और नन” ही एड्स से मरे हैं जो ईसाई ही हैं।

फ़ादर क्या यही क्रिश्चियनिटी में नारी सम्मान है?

अब मैं आपको हिंदुत्व में बताऊँ। दुनियाँ में केवल हिन्दू ही है जो कहता है “यत्र नारियन्ति पूज्यन्ते रमन्ते तत्र देवता” अर्थात जहाँ नारी की पूजा होती है वहीँ देवताओं का निवास होता है।

फ़ादर आपने कहा कि क्रिस्चियन धर्म के नाम पर किसी को नही मारते तो आपको बता दूँ कि एक लड़का हिटलर जो कैथोलिक परिवार में जन्मा और जिसने जीवन भर चर्च को फॉलो किया उसने अपनी आत्मकथा “MEIN KAMPF” में लिखा ‘ वो परमेश्वर को मानता है और परमेश्वर के आदेश से ही उसने 10 लाख यहूदियों को मारा है’। हिटलर ने हर बार कहा की वो क्रिस्चियन है। चूँकि हिटलर द्वितीय विश्वयुद्ध का कारण था जिसमें सारे ईसाई देश एक दूसरे के विरुद्ध थे इसलिए आपके चर्च और पादरियों ने उसे कैथोलिक से निकाल कर Atheist(नास्तिक) में डाल दिया।

फ़ादर मैं इस्लाम का हितेषी नही हूँ लेकिन आपको बता दूँ क्रिस्चियनों ने सन् 1096 में ने “Crusade War” धर्म के आधार पर ही स्टार्ट किया था जिसमें पहला हमला क्रिस्चियन समुदाय ने मुसलमानों पर किया। जिसमें लाखों मासूम मारे गए।

फ़ादर “आयरिश आर्मी” का इतिहास पढ़ो किस तरह कैथोलिकों ने धर्म के नाम पर क़त्ले आम किया जो आज के isis से भी ज़्यादा भयानक था।

धर्म के नाम पर क़त्लेआम करने में क्रिस्चियन मुसलमानों के समान ही हैं, वहीँ आपने हिन्दुओँ को बदनाम किया तो मैं आपको बता दूँ की हिन्दू ने कभी भी दूसरे धर्म वालों को मारने के लिए पहले हथियार नही उठाया है, बल्कि अपनी रक्षा के लिए हथियार उठाया है।

फ़ादर आपने कहा कि हिन्दुओँ में नंगे बाबा घूमते हैं, “हिन्दू बेशर्म” हैं तो फ़ादर मैं आपको याद दिला दूँ कि बाइबिल के अनुसार यीशु ने प्रकाशितवाक्य (Revelation) में कहा है कि “nudity is best purity” नग्नता सबसे शुद्ध है। यीशु कहता है कि मेरे प्रेरितों अगर मुझसे मिलना है तो एक छोटे बच्चे की तरह नग्न हो कर मुझसे मिलों क्योंकि नग्नता में कोई लालच नही होता।

फ़ादर याद करो यूहन्ना का वचन 20:11-25 और लूका के वचन 24:13-43 क्या कहते हैं वो नग्नता के बारे में।

फ़ादर ईसाईयत में सबसे बड़ी प्रथा Bapistism है, जो बाइबिल के अनुसार येरूसलम की यरदन नदी में नग्न होकर ली जाती थी। अभी इस वर्ष फ़रवरी में ही न्यूजीलैंड के 1800 लोगों ने जिसमे 1000 महिलाएं थी पूर्णतः नग्न होकर बपिस्टिसम लिया। और आप कहते हो की हिन्दू बेशर्म है।

अब चर्च के सभी लोग मुझ पर भड़क चुके थे और ग़ुस्से में कह रहे थे – आप यहाँ क्रिश्चियनिटी में कन्वर्ट होने के लिए नही आये हो, आप फ़ादर से बहस करने आये हो, परमेश्वर आपको माँफ नही करेगा।

मैंने फ़ादर से कहा कि यीशु ने कहा है “मेरे प्रेरितों मेरा प्रचार प्रसार करो” अब जब आप यीशु का प्रचार करोगे तो आपसे प्रश्न भी पूछे जाएँगे, आपको ज़बाब देना होगा, मैं यीशु के सामने बैठा हुआ हूँ और वालंटियर क्रिस्चियन बनने आया हूँ ।
मुझे आप सिर्फ़ ज्ञान के सामर्थ्य पर क्रिस्चियन बना सकते है धन के लालच में नही।

अब फ़ादर ख़ामोश बैठा हुआ था। शायद सोच रहा होगा की आज किस से पाला पड़ गया।

मैंने फिर कहा – फ़ादर, आप यीशु के साथ गद्दारी नही कर सकते; आप यहाँ सिद्ध करके दिखाओ की ईसाईयत हिंदुत्व से बेहतर कैसे है?

मैंने फिर फ़ादर से कहा – फ़ादर, ज़वाब दो आज आपसे ही ज़वाब चाहिए क्योंकि आपके ये 30 ईसाई इतने सामर्थ्यवान नही है कि ये हिन्दू के प्रश्नों का ज़वाब दे सकें।

फ़ादर अभी भी शाँत था, मैंने कहा – फ़ादर, अभी तो मैंने शास्त्र खोले भी नही है शास्त्रों के ज्ञान के सामने आपकी बाइबिल कहीं टिकती भी नही है।

अब फ़ादर ने काफ़ी सोच समझकर रविश स्टाइल में मुझसे पूछा – आप किस जाति से हो?
मैंने भी चाणक्य स्टाइल में ज़वाब दे दिया –
मैं सेवार्थ शुद्र, आर्थिक वैश्य, रक्षण में क्षत्रिय और ज्ञान में ब्राह्मण हूँ। और हाँ फ़ादर, मैं कर्मणा “फ़ौजी” हूँ और जाति से “हिन्दू”।

अब चर्च में बहुत शोर हो चुका था। मेरे जूनियर बहुत खुश थे। बाकि सभी ईसाई मुझ पर नाराज़ थे। लेकिन करते भी क्या करते, मैने उनकी ही हर बात को काटने के लिए बाइबिल को ही आधार बना रखा था और हर बात पर बाइबिल को ही ख़ारिज कर रहा था।

मैंने फ़ादर से कहा मेरे ऊपर ये जाति वाला मन्त्र ना फूँके, आप सिर्फ़ मेरे सवालों का ज़वाब दें।

अब मैंने उन परिवारों को जो कन्वर्ट होने के लिए आये थे कहा – क्या आप लोगों को पता है कि वेटिकन सिटी एक हिन्दू से क्रिस्चियन कन्वर्ट करने के लिए कम से कम 2 लाख रुपये देती है, जिसमें से आपको 1लाख या 50 हज़ार दिया जाता है और बाकि में 20 से 30 हज़ार तक आपको कन्वर्ट करने के लिए चर्च लेकर आने वाले आदमी को दिया जाता है। बाकि का 1 लाख चर्च रखता है। जब आप कन्वर्ट हो जाते हो तब आपको परमेश्वर के नाम से डराया जाता है; फिर आपको हर सन्डे चर्च आना पड़ता है और हर महीने अपनी पॉकेट मनी या फिक्स डिपाजिट चर्च को डिपॉजिट करना पड़ता है; आपको 1 लाख देकर चर्च आपसे कम से कम दस लाख वसूल करता है। अगर आपके पास पैसा नही होता तो आपको परमेश्वर के नाम से डराकर आपकी जमीन किसी क्रिस्चियन ट्रस्ट के नाम पर डोनेट (दान) करा ली जाती है।

मैने कहा – अब आप मेरे सीनियर को ही देख लो, इन्होंने कन्वर्ट होने के लिए 1 लाख लिया था लेकिन 4 साल से हर महीने 15 हज़ार चर्च को डिपाजिट कर रहे हैं, अभी भी वक्त है सोच लो।

आप सभी को यह भी बता दूँ की एक सरकारी रिपोर्ट के अनुसार भारत में धार्मिक आधार पर सबसे ज़्यादा जमीन क्रिस्चियन ट्रस्टों के पास हैं, जिन्हें आप जैसे मासूम कन्वर्ट होने वालो से परमेश्वर के नाम पर डरा कर हड़प लिया गया है।

अब मेरा इतना कहते ही सारे क्रिस्चियनो ने, जो अब तक पूरी तरह भड़क चुके थे, और यहाँ के पादरी ने भी पीछा छुडाना बेहतर समझा और गोआ वाले फ़ादर से कहा – “11बज चुके हैं चर्च को बन्द करने का टाइम है”।

मैंने फ़ादर से कहा कि आपने मेरे सवालों का ज़वाब नही दिया, मैं आपसे बाइबिल पर चर्चा करने आया था। आप जो पैसे लेकर कन्वर्ट करते हो वो बाईबल में सख्त मना है; याद करो गेहजी, यहूदा इस्तविको का हस्र जिसनें धर्म में लालच किया। जिस तरह परमेश्वर ने उन्हें मारा ठीक उसी तरह आपका ही परमेश्वर आपको मारेगा। आप में से किसी भी क्रिस्चियन को जो पैसे लेकर कन्वर्ट हुआ है फ़िरदौस (यीशु का राज्य) में प्रवेश नही मिलेगा।

अब चर्च बंद होने का समय हो चुका था।

मैंने जाते जाते फ़ादर को “थ्री इडियट” स्टाइल में कहा – “फ़ादर, फिर से बाईबल पढ़ो समझों, और जहाँ समझ ना आये तो मुझे फ़ोन करके पूछ लेना क्योंकि मैं अपने कमज़ोर स्टूडेंट का हाथ कभी नही छोड़ता।

और आते आते मैं सारे क्रिस्चियनों को बोल आया कि “मेरे क्रिस्चियन भाइयों, अपने वेटिकन वाले चचाओं को बता दो कि भारत से ईसाईयत का बोरी बिस्तर उठाने का समय आ गया है। उन्हें बोल दो अब भारत में हिन्दू जाग चुका है; अब हिन्दू ने भी शस्त्र के साथ शास्त्र उठा लिया है, जितना जल्दी हो यहाँ से कट लो !”

Hindu Origin and Roots of Afghanistan

By: H. W. Bellew (1880)

Surgeon-Major H. W. Bellew, C.S.I. was once posted around 1880 in Kabul on a special political duty of the British government of India. During his stay in Afghanistan he keenly studied the objective history of Afghan people and their misplaced traditional beliefs, which were assiduously cultivated by the victorious Islam to distort their Hindu past. On the basis of his study of the history of Afghanistan and the observations of its people’s customs, traditions and ancient folklore he wrote a book in 1880, which was titled, “Races of Afghanistan – being a brief account of the principal nations inhabiting that country and published from Calcutta. It is most revealing – how Hindu Afghanistan was swallowed bit by bit by an invading Islam. It puts the history straight, offers a lesson or two to the present Hindu India battling for its survival and offers an opportunity to Afghan people to cherish their ancient Hindu roots and traditions. We are borrowing a piece from that book with thanks, which reads thus:

“The traditions of this people refer them (Afghans) to Syria as the country of their residence at the time they were carried away into captivity by Bukhtunasar (Nebuchadnezzar) and planted as colonists in different parts of Persia and Media. From these positions they, at some subsequent period, emigrated eastward into the mountainous country of Ghor, where they were called by the neighbouring peoples ” Bani Afghan ” and ” Bani Israil,” or children of Afghan and children of Israel. In corroboration of this we have the testimony of the prophets Esdras to the effect that the ten tribes of Israel, who were carried into captivity, subsequently escaped and found refuge in the country of Arsareth, which is supposed to be identical with the Hazarah country of the present day, and of which Ghor forms a part. It is also stated in the “Taba-cati Nasiri” – a historical work which contains, among other information, a detailed account of the conquest of this country by Changhiz Khan – that in the time of the native Shansabi dynasty there was a people called Bani Israil living in that country, and that some of them were extensively engaged in trade with the countries around.

“This people was settled in the Ghor country, to the east of Herat, at the time that Muhammad announced his mission as the Prophet of God – about 622 A. D. and it was there that Khalid-bin-Walid, a chief of the Curesh tribe of Arabs, came to them with the tidings of the new faith, and an invitation to join the Prophet’s standard. The errand of this Arab apostle would apparently support the view held by some that the Afghan people were originally of an Arab tribe, and had linked their fortunes with the Israelites in Syria, and shared the lot of the ten tribes which were carried away into captivity. Be this as it may, the mission of Khalid was not without success, for he returned to the Prophet, accompanied by a deputation of six or seven representative men of the Afghan people and their followers amounting in all to seventy-six persons. The chief or leader of this party was named Kais or Kish.

“The traditions of the people go on to the effect that this Kais and his companions fought so well and successfully in the cause of the Prophet, that Muhammad, on dismissing them to their homes, presented them with handsome gifts, complimented them on their bravery, and giving them his blessing foretold a glorious career for their nation, and promised that the title of Malik (or king) should distinguish their chiefs for ever. The term ” Malik,” it may be here noted, is apparently peculiar to the Afghan nationality. At the present day it is the title of the lowest grade of nobility among the Afghan, the Pathan, and the Ghilzai, – that is to say, the Pukhto-speaking races. Among the Persian-speaking races, the corresponding term is “Kalantar” among the Tajik, and “Mihtar” among the Hazarah, and “Acsacal” among the Turk tribes of Balkh. In each case the term signifies “chief” or “elder.” At the same time the Prophet, as a mark of special favour and distinction, was pleased to change the Hebrew name of Kais to the Arab one of Abdur Rashid – “the servant of the true guide” – and, exhorting him to strive in the conversion of his people, conferred on him the title of “Pahtan,” – a term which the Afghan book-makers explain to be a Syrian word signifying the rudder of a ship, as the new proselyte was henceforth to be the guide of his people in the way they should go.

For centuries after this period the history of the Afghans as a distinct people is involved in much obscurity, and it would seem that it was only some three or four hundred years ago that their priests began concocting genealogies and histories to give form and cohesion to theory mixed nationality which had at about that time grown into existence as a result of the political convulsions and dynastic revolutions, which during preceding centuries had jumbled up together within the area of the country now known as Afghanistan a variety of different races, some of which were original or early occupants, and others new-comers.

“At what period the Afghans of Ghor moved forward and, settled in the Kandahar country, which is now their home, is not known. It appears, however, from the writings of the early Muhammadan historians, that in the first century of their era- the seventh-eighth of ours – the province of Sistan was occupied by an Indian people. At that time the territorial extent of Sistan was very much wider than the restricted little province of the present day. At that time Sistan, or Sajistan as it is written in native books, comprised all the country from the head waters of the Tarnak and Arghasan rivers and the Toba range of hills on the east, to the Nih Bandan range of hills and Dashti Naummed – Desert of Despair – on the west; from the valleys of the Helmand and Arghandab rivers on the north, to the Khoja Amran range and the Balochistan desert on the south. It comprised, in fact, the Drangiana and Arachosia of the Greek writers. The former was afterwards called Sijistan after the Saka Scythians, who occupied it about the first century of our era, and the latter was called Gandhar after the Indian Gandhara, who, it seems, overpowered a kindred people in prior possession some time after the Greek conquest.

“Who the Indian people occupying this country at the time of this Arab invasion were will be mentioned presently, but it seems clear they were not the only inhabitants thereof, but shared it with the native Persian and other immigrant tribes of Scythic origin. For the province itself derived its name of Sakistan, Sagistan, Sajistan, Sistan from the Saka, who were probably the same people as the Saka Hamuvarga mentioned in the tables of Darius (see Rawlinson’s Herodotus) – “Saka dwellers on the Hamu” or Amu, which has from the earliest times been the name of the lower course of the Oxus river; the latter term being the Greek form of Wakhsh, which is the name of the Upper Oxus above the point where it is joined by the Panjah.

“It is probable that, in the course of the repeated military expeditions carried by the Arabs from the side of Persia against Sind, a variety of new races were brought into the country forming the southern part of the present Afghanistan, and that extensive changes occurred in the previously existing local distribution of the inhabitants. In the beginning of the tenth century of our era, the country of Zabulistan (the old name of the southern half of Afghanistan, as Kabulistan was of its northern half) was inhabited by a variety of races speaking different languages, and even at that time the Arab writers were puzzled as to their origin and identification.

“This being so, we may conclude that the Afghans when they advanced into Kandahar, which they did in all probability as military colonists under the standard of the Arab Khalif, at first held their own by force of arms, but gradually being in the minority as to numbers, blended with the conquered people, and became absorbed in the general population of the country. As conquerors, however, they retained their own national title, which in time became that of the conquered people with whom, by intermarriage, they identified themselves. This view is supported by the evidence afforded by their genealogical tables, which, it appears, were only concocted long centuries after the Arab conquest of the country, and the conversion of its heterogeneous population to the new faith which so rapidly spread over and changed the face of Asia.

“The fictions of the Afghan genealogists and historians are absurd enough, and their facts wonderfully distorted; but for the careful enquirer they have their value as guides to a right conclusion. Thus, from the Kais above-mentioned, whose own tribe was originally but an insignificant people as to numbers and power, the Afghan genealogists derive all the Pukhto-speaking peoples of Afghanistan, partly by direct descent, and partly by adoption on account of a similarity of language and social polity.

Kais, they say, married a daughter of that Khalid-bin-Walid who brought his people the first tidings of the Prophet and his doctrine, and by her he had three sons, whom he named respectively, Saraban, Batan and Ghurghusht. These names are of themselves very remarkable, and at once afford a clue to the composition of the nation from an ethnic point of view, as will be seen in the further course of this treatise.

The Afghans Proper—the Bani Israil, as they call themselves in special distinction to all other divisions of the nation – class themselves as the descendants of Saraban through his two sons, Sharjyun and Khrishyun. From Sharjyun there sprung five clans, the principal of which is called Sheorani. From Khrishyun there sprung three clans, namely, Kand, Zamand, and Kansi. The Kand was divided into the Khakhi and Ghori, and included the Mandanr and Yusufeai clans. They are all now settled in the Peshawar valley.

“The Zamand were originally settled on the lower course of the Arghasan river and in Peshin or Foshang, as it was at that time – 8-9 H. or 630 A. D. – called. They were subsequently ousted by the Tarin tribe of Afghans, and emigrated to Multan in large numbers. But their chief clan, called Khushgi or Khushgari, emigrated by way of Ghazni and Kabul to the Ghorband and adjoining valleys of Hindu Kush, and settled there. In the time of the Emperor Babur, most of them accompanied his armies into India, and there founded a settlement at Kasur near Lahore. Some of them remained in the Peshawar valley, where the village of Khweshgi marks their principal settlement. Some of them remained in the Peshawar valley, where the village of Khweshgi marks their principal settlement. There are still many of the clan in Ghorband and Kohistan of Kabul, where they are now known by the name of Khushkari or Kuchkari.

“The Kansi early emigrated to Hindustan and the Dekkan, and are not now known in Afghanistan, though by some the Shinwari are supposed to belong to this division.

These several tribes are divided into a number of clans and sub-tribes, the names of many of which are distinctly of Indian origin. The special Afghan tribe, however,is called Abdali, and is more commonly known since the time of Ahmad Shah – the first independent sovereign of Afghanistan of this race – by the name Durrani. The Durrani comprise the following chief divisions or clans, namely, Saddozai, Populzai, Barakzai, Halakozai, Achakzai, Nurzai, Ishaczai, and Khagwani. Their home and fixed seat is Kandahar province – the former country of the Gandhara, who, at an early period of our era, spread into the present Hazarah country along the courses of the Helmand and Arghandab rivers. Members of each clan, however, are found in small societies scattered all over the plain country up to Kabul and Jalalabad, and they are there settled mostly as lords of the soil or military feoffees, the people of the country, so far as concerns the agricultural community, being their tenants or serfs.

The Saddozai clan furnished the first independent Shahs, or kings, of the Durrani dynasty, and the Barakzai furnished the Amirs, or dictators. The line of the Shahs was overthrown in the third generation, after a protracted period of anarchy and contention which broke out immediately after the death of the first king and founder of the national independence. The line of the Amirs, entirely owing to the consistent support of the British Government, has reached a fourth successor in the person of the now evilly notorious Yacub Khan.

“We must now return to the ancestor, among whose descendants the Afghans class themselves, namely, Saraban. This name is evidently a corruption, or perhaps a natural variant form of Suryabans – the solar or royal race – now represented in India by the Rajput. Similarly the names of his sons Khrishyun and Sharjyun, and of his grandson Sheorani, are clearly changed forms of the common Rajput and Brahman proper names Krishan, Surjan, and Shivaram or Sheoram.

“How the Afghan genealogy-mongers came to adopt the name Saraban will be understood, if we refer to the anterior history of the country in which that people settled as conquerors. It was stated in a preceding passage that, during the first century of the Muhammadan era – the seventh of our own – the country of Sistan, which at that time included the present province of Kandahar, was inhabited by an Indian people, whom it was the persistent effort of the Arabs to conquer and convert. And we know from the records of history that apart from the transfer or displacement of populations consequent upon prior irruptions of Scythic hordes from the north-east, there took place about two centuries earlier, or during the fifth and beginning of the sixth of our era, a very powerful emigration of an Indian people from the western bank of the Indus to the valley of the Helmand and its tributary streams, towards a kindred people already settled there.

This emigration en masse was owing, it would appear, to the irruption into Indus valley of the Jat, and Katti, and other Scythic tribes, who about that period poured over the Hindu Kush. The Jats and Katti – the Getes and Catti of European authors – are now largely represented in this seat of their early conquest in the Jat (or Gujar as he is commonly styled) agricultural population of the Punjab, and in the Katti of Kattiwar or Kattiyawar.

In Afghanistan the Jat is known by the name of Gujar, which is a Hindi term expressive of his calling as a rearer of cattle and a husbandman, and he is found in the greatest numbers in the Yusufzai country, especially in the hill districts of Swat, Buner, and Bajawar.

“The Katti are not known in Afghanistan as a distinct people, though, apparently, they have left a trace of their name in the district of Kattawaz, to the south-east of Ghazni, and in certain sub-divisions of the Ghilzai tribe who bear the names Kuttakhel and Kattikhel.

“This body of Indian emigrants, who migrated from the Indus to the Helmand, was composed of a people professing the Buddhist religion, and who, fleeing away from the irresistible wave of Scythic invasion, abandoned their native country, and took along with them the most sacred and cherished relic of their spiritual lawgiver – the water-pot of Buddha. The relic, which is a huge bowl carved out of a solid block of dark green serpentine, when I saw it in 1872 – and most likely it is still in the same position – was lying in an obscure little Muhammadan shrine, only a few hundred paces distant from the ruins of Kuhna Shahr – “old city” – ancient Kandahar. The descendants of the Buddhists who carried it there have long since become Musalmans, and merged their identity in the common brotherhood of Islam. The sacred relic of of the faith of their ancestors, unrecognized and uncared for, is now covered with Arabic inscriptions, and lies neglected and forgotten in an obscure corner close to the spot where it was in times gone by treated with the utmost reverence and most pious care. Its history is forgotten, and, like that of the infidels connected with it, is an utter blank to the fanatic Musalman of the present day. It is enough for the people that they enjoy the blessing of being counted among “The Faithful,” and bear the glorious name of Afghan. So powerful is the effect of Islam, in effacing class distinctions and ancient memorials, to reduce all its professors to a common brotherhood in the faith.

“The Indian people who emigrated from the Indus and established themselves as a powerful colony on the Helmand were the Gandarii, and their country was the Gandaria of the Greek authors. They were the Gandhari, and their country the Sindhu Gandhara of the Hindu writers. This people and their country will be noticed more fully hereafter, but it may be stated here that the early emigrants not only gave the name of Gandhar, or Kandahar to the prime seat of their new settlement and rule, but actually, some ten centuries later, sent a powerful colony back to their primitive home. Return emigrants entirely ignorant of their mother country, and, regenerated by Islam, treating their kindred and foreigners alike, without distinction, as cursed infidels and “Hindus.

“The emigration of the Yusufzai and Mahmand, with the Khakhi and Ghoryakhel Afghans from the Kandahar province to the Peshawar valley, will be described further on. Here it will suffice to indicate the reason why the Afghan genealogist took the term Saraban for the name of the ancestor of the first of the three nations originally sprung from, or referred to, their great progenitor Kais. Suryabans was the distinctive race title of the Rajput people among whom the Afghans had become absorbed, and, independently of clan divisions and sub-divisions, it was also a title held in high respect among the people of the country at that time. Further, as it included a large and important population, it was a convenient term to adopt as an ancestral title.

“Its adoption, however, in no way tended to keep alive the origin or influence of the term, nor that of the people to whom the title specially applied. This, perhaps, was partly owing to the disguised form of the word, but mostly to the levelling influence of the new religion. It appears from a comparison of the national character and customs of the Rajputs of India and those of Afghanistan, as represented by the Afghan, that there is a very remarkable similarity between the two peoples. As for instance in the laws of hospitality, protection to the refugee, exaction of vengeance, jealousy of female honour, the brother becoming by right husband of his deceased brother’s widow, and others which are also ordained by the Mossaic code. As to national character, the warlike spirit and insufference of control, addiction to vices and debauchery, instability of purpose, pride of race, jealousy of national honour and personal dignity, and spirit of domineering are pretty much alike in the two peoples now parted more by Brahmanism and Muhammadanism than by mere territorial distance. Apart from these again, there is the very striking physiognomic resemblance, which is even more pronouncedly of the Jewish type in the Rajput of India than it is in his distant kinsman the Afghan.

“By Muhammadans of Asia Minor and the Western countries the Afghan is usually called Sulemani, apparently from the supposition that he dwells on the Suleman range of mountains. If so, the name is misapplied, for there are no Afghans settled on that range. It would appear more probable that the name is connected with the ancient Solymi of Syria, who are mentioned by Herodotus, and who were in olden times much mixed up with the Israelites in that country. It is not improbable that some of these Solymi were also carried into captivity along with the Israelites, and that they may have become incorporated with that people, and accompanied them in their subsequent wanderings. In this case we might suppose that some of them were among the mission of Khalid-bin-Walid to these Afghans, for the Solymi were an Arab people of the same race as Khalid. It is possible, indeed, that the Solymi of the ancients and the Afghan of the moderns, were originally one and the same people, and that the Bani Israel were merely refugees among them, for, at the time of their first settlement in Ghor, they were always spoken of separately as “Bani Afghan” and “Bani Israel.”

“By the people of India, and of the East generally, the Afghan is more commonly known by the name Pathan, in common with all other Pukhto-speaking peoples. Sometimes he is also called Rohilla, but this name is properly applicable only to the true Pathan, the native of Roh (the Highlands), the true Highlander, as will be explained further on under the head of Pathan. Amongst themselves, and in their own country, the Afghans rarely, if ever, call themselves by these names. They are simply Afghan or Aoghan, as it is commonly pronounced, of such or such a clan; or they are Durrani, a term which only came into use with the rise of the nation to an independent sovereignty under Ahmad Shah in 1747. It is the name, too, by which this people is known in India as representing a distinct government. The Afghans admit that they are Pukhtana – the Hindustani form of which is Pathan – but they are careful in insisting on the distinction between Afghan and Pathan (or Pukhtana, the word in use among themselves). In fact, as they say, every Afghan is a Pukhtun (singular of Pukhtana), but every Pukhtun, or Pathan, is not an Afghan. The distinction thus made is a very proper one, for the two peoples are of different race and origin. The Afghan is a Pathan merely because he inhabits a Pathan country, and has to a great extent mixed with its people, and adopted their language. The people of the country, on their part, have adopted the religion, and with it many of the manners and customs of the Afghans, though most tribes still retain certain ancient customs peculiar to themselves, which have survived their conversion to Islam, and serve as guides to the elucidation of their previous history (Note: for reference, see “Special Report on Pakhtunwali” and “Pakhtunwali – the Afghan Code“). To enter upon an investigation of this subject is altogether beyond the scope of this treatise. It is one, however, of absorbing interest, and would well repay the labour of research.

“From what has been stated, we see that the Afghans are a distinct and peculiar people among several other peoples, who together compose the mixed population of the country which is now named after them. They call themselves “Bani Israil,” and trace their descent from King Saul (Malik Talut) in regular succession down to Kais or Kish, the great ancestor of their nation in Afghanistan.

“Of their numbers at the present day it is difficult to form an estimate, though I think it probable that they do not exceed a million souls, if even they be so many. They have for many centuries enjoyed a high reputation for their martial qualities, and have been largely employed in the armies of every conqueror invading India from the north-west or west. Numerous colonies and baronies of their people are to be found scattered about in different parts of the Indian peninsula, and they at one time – the thirteenth century – established a dynasty of kings at Dehli. They have risen into real importance, however, only within the last century and a half or so. And this by the accident of their sudden and unexpected bound to independence and the dominant rule of their country. As a people they have always been evilly notorious for their faithlessness, lawlessness, treachery, and brutality, so much so that the saying Afghan be-iman  – ” the Afghan is faithless” – has passed into a proverb among neighbouring peoples, and, oddly enough, is acknowledged by themselves to be a true count, not only in their dealings with the stranger, but among themselves too. So far as their history as an independent and ruling people goes they have certainly not belied the character assigned to them. A darker record of misgovernment, of vice, of treachery, of savage, cruelty, and of oppression, than marks the career of the independent Afghans, is hardly to be found in the annals of any other independent state of modern times, or of the same period.

Indian Way to Deal With China

Communist China as a neighbour is the most dangerous country for all those who share a border with it. And, particularly it is so in the case of India. This China is burning with a desire – the desire to dominate the world. In the fulfilment of this desire, India comes in its way as an impediment.

India is not an equal – or almost an equal – rival in its ambition but a colossal threat to China. India is a colossal threat to China not so much in its geographical size or military power but in something more potent in consequences: India is the spiritual colossal, which is increasingly garnering the worldwide sympathy and winning appeal of humanity.

In this respect, Communist China stands nowhere in comparison to India’s strength. But this strength of India is bound to put this country in a moral dilemma.

Communist China can be countered – and even can be neutralized in long run – by India by strengthening its economy by taking measures like ‘make in India’, equipping its military with latest technological hardware, with and without global assisting and collaborating nations, and becoming an active partner of the emerging international coalitions against this rising Chinese ambition.

But if this path is adopted, India would need to apply all the well established principles of military science – like putting in place a planning not confining itself to defend but to take initiative against China that suits its military ends and pursuing an active long term strategy that suits its interests. There are many such weak spots available in China – like hostile Tibetan people and their head in India (his  call to rise and assistance by India would create havoc in that part, which is suppressed by force !); restive area of Xinjiang populated by Muslims and a large number of Muslims living in India (a movement for Xinjiang Muslims’ freedom may create another hotspot in China !); and, create a chain-reaction there – that is, forcing them to commit brutalities against their own people, the more they suppress their people, the more hated they become, which will quicken their down fall !!

All these ways would call India to embark on a path of ‘mad nationalism’, which would compel India to out-perform yesterday’s Hitler and today’s Communist China.

But this thing is not in the DNA of India; India has never done it in its long history;  and, this quality of its DNA is not its weakness but its strength. It would look that this trait of its history has put India in a bind: whether to embark on a national mission to make India a military power, equal or better than China; or to remain a whipping boy of China and to be nibbled by it bit by bit till this India is reduced to a non-entity.

It is a moral dilemma before India of 21st century.

At this crucial juncture of its life, India needs to be guided by its spiritual wisdom and the immortal elements of its long history, which have allowed this India to remain even today a colossal power and a light for humanity. Becoming a military power – or a ‘super’ power – and detonating bombs, and atomic bombs if need be, is not the path of India.

This path, if pursued with sincerity and determination, leads to destruction – and, today it is destruction of humanity. India has not to follow this path and still has to defends itself against this ‘mad’ China.

How can it be done?

The bottom-line is: India has to defend itself and has to defend only – till the day this China meets its ‘Waterloo’. Everywhere in this universe, it is only the spiritual forces that are playing behind the apparent events. This truth must never be allowed to be forgotten by India. Let these forces play their role. They play their part with the instrumentality of time and with the medium of human hearts.

Communist China is nearing inch by inch to its red line and with its every move human hearts are appalled with disgust against it in equal amount.

What India needs to do is to prepare in all possible ways – military, economy, global strategy, coalition etc. – to defend itself against China; and, allow time – through the medium of humanity – to strike this China!

Communist China has no future. At best it is hated by the world and by its own people for its evil ways and at the worst it will push this world into a devastating World Wat 3. Either way, its days are numbered.

India needs neither to fear nor to worry about this China and be on the constant vigil and get prepared itself to meet its challenge, as and when it comes. Of course, it does not mean that India should remain an inactive, pathatic or careless third-rate country. On the contrary, it should act with energy and wisdom, and advocate for peace, equity and international order.

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