On to the path of Wisdom!

   Collective consciousness first has to fully experience and absorb the fruits of body, vital and mind to realize their suffocating limitations in order to rise above the same. This experience even may include an atomic war to realize the logical fruits of civilization of lower self. It would be the retreat of spirit momentarily before it advances again. It may take a long-time and even a very long one. It will depend upon the state of collective consciousness of mankind. Unless there is intervention by Divine in the form of incarnation of some higher being in human blood and flesh, there are slim chances of collective consciousness regaining the state that rejects our civilization of the lower self.

  The fortunate common element of uncompromising love of truth present in the two outwardly contradictory cultures is a living reality and is reflected in the common people’s beliefs and pursuits of life. Each of these people live what they believe in and believe in what is supported , in one case, by mind and, in another case, by spirit.

  The avowed aim of the entire Eastern endeavor in varied forms in varied political countries since the dawn of civilization has been to understand the ultimate truth of existence. However, this endeavor to uncover the truth is directed singularly towards inner realms of human consciousness. Since the time immemorial these efforts have been rewarded in the form of light of Vedas, enlightenment of Buddha and more recently in the form of truth and non-violence of Gandhi and vision of human destiny of Swami Vivekananda and Sri Aurobindo.

  On the other end, the Western endeavor for the search of truth has been primarily directed to the outer material form of existence. Single minded pursuit of this truth by the West has been rewarded by, starting from, the discovery of natural forces to the relativistic and quantum manner of interaction of the unified field of energy, from geography of our planet to the modern knowledge of the universe, and from biological anatomy to life’s genes. In fact, the modern way of life and thinking of the majority of mankind is completely molded and dominated by the material truth discovered by the West.

  However, today, the truths discovered by East and by West are converging more and more and mankind is nearing the point of time when there would be a whole and unified view of truth synthesizing the two partial and seemingly contradictory approaches. Till such time, East is East and West is West destined to pursue their respective unique and individual evolutionary course of life.

  The Eastern view of life is that everything that exists is, in essence and on ultimate analysis, a Supreme Force, Creative Energy or Divine Existence that is true, conscious and blissful (Sachidanand, that is, Sat, Chit and Anand); even the matter is nothing but a mere frozen form of this energy; thus, every particle of matter is dormant energy that has the potential of consciousness awakened and manifested out of it. Life as we know it on our Earth may have originated out of matter by an accidental and rare chemical reaction million of years ago as stated by modem science or by some other unknown method yet to be revealed by science but there are many more ways by which the life could express and manifest itself out of anything that exists.

  According to a well calculated design and scheme that is not open to mind to comprehend, the life-consciousness once expressed and manifested out of matter embarks on the evolutionary course attaining ever-higher level of consciousness. The sole object of this psychic or consciousness’ evolution (and more correctly, the sole object of the very manifestation of consciousness in matter) remains to become aware and comprehend the true essence of its surroundings in which it is placed by its birth, circumstances or Nature and by this process to elevate its own level of consciousness. In its evolutionary course this life-consciousness attains awareness of firstly body, secondly desires and thirdly mind. In a complex psychic evolutionary process, while traveling from an awareness of body to that of desires and of mind, the life-consciousness develops an awareness of the existence of a distinct ego or self.

  In human beings the life-consciousness is vividly aware of the existence of distinct entities of body, desires and mind. However, what the life-consciousness operating through mind is not aware of is that the true self of human being is basically an evolving Psychic Being imprisoned in animal body and clouded by worldly desires. It requires extra-ordinary and sustained psychic efforts (subject of an elaborate Eastern science) on the part of the individual concerned to become aware of the presence of this true, conscious and blissful Psychic Being in him. Eastern societies provide supporting environment to such individual efforts by protecting one against common man’s ridicule by enveloping him in the historically readymade social values of such effort worthy of being made. This exercise on being applied at societal level produces a chain-reaction between the individual concerned and the society and in the process elevates personal life of the individual concerned, level of the communal culture and quality of overall human civilization.

  The Western view of life is that it is a product of matter and its evolutionary mechanism is its struggle against Nature. In its long evolutionary course of struggle against nature, life has first originated out of matter and then grown from simple to complex in nature; and over this long evolutionary period the life-consciousness has achieved ever higher level culminating in human mind. After emergence of mind this evolutionary process of life has acquired a quantum jump and the mental faculty of reason by ever inquiring into the secrets of Nature is now further, of its own force produced in the process, propelling an ever-accelerating evolution.

  To the overwhelming majority of Eastern people it is a day light truth that needs no proof that there is an eternal element in living beings that is immortal; that life is dominated by pain and sorrow; that there is a cycle of death and birth of all living beings, including of human beings who are at the apex of life evolution.

  The Western common knowledge is that whatever is not found scientifically true can not be accepted as true and it has not been showed that there is any eternal element in human life or other forms of life. On the contrary, the apparent truth is that there is one life only and that comes to an end on death. Life is the gift of natural evolution that should be enjoyed in full as dictated by body, desires and reason only moderated by social concerns artificially formulated by the society in the common interests. Nobody has seen the life after death and reason does not admit such a possibility.

  The Eastern spiritual way of thinking holds that there is a purpose of human life on earth, and that purpose is, to realize this truth of life’s pain and sorrow and of cycle of death and life and to cultivate thereby the detachment towards world and worldly desires. Ultimately the mission of human life on earth is to end the cycle of life and death and to become conscious of and united with Supreme Consciousness that is all pervading, true and blissful and with its (conscious) spark present in human beings in the form of Psychic Being.

  This is Realization of Hiranyagarbha of Rigveda, Ahur Mazda.of Zendavasta, Liberation of Manu, Pragya of Lord Mahavir, Enlightenment of Buddha, Wisdom of Alexander’s Indian friend Kalanos, Law of Tibet’s Milarepa, Lali of Kabir, Destination of Nizamuddin Auliya, Khwaja Moinuddin and Salim Chisti on the path of Allah, Lord (Allah) of Shirdi’s Shri Saibaba, Krishna of Chaitanya and Mirabai, Mother Kali of Ramakrishna and Vivekananda, Supreme Lord of Babaji and Yogananda, Truth of Mahatma Gandhi, Divine Lord of Sri Aurobindo and the Mother, and the object of supreme reverence, love and devotion of many more yatis, yogis, sages and seers of the East.

  While some of these great men and women attempted, for the sake of human welfare and his mind’s comprehension, to give its vivid description, though, save for a very few, in vain for the large multitude of people, others refused to divulge at all its real contents as being prohibited by the rule of the subject and meaningless for his mind and still some others described it by employing terms conveying human inability to provide any description, all of these sages unanimously recommended to individuals to become completely united and identified with that Supreme Consciousness to know and live it in one’s life. Still, mankind to a great extant has benefited by such an exercise of those great yogis by receiving an impetuous for embarking on the path of conscious psychic evolution. Such is the confused mental notion of its real contents. It was well said ages ago that the Truth is one but learned men say it differently.

  On the opposite end, to the Western materialistic common mind there is also a purpose of human life and, without any doubt, that purpose is to enjoy life to the hilt; therefore, it is legitimate for the individual, for the society and for the nation to create maximum needs and desires and to satisfy them to get the maximum enjoyment of life for the maximum number of individuals. Here the socially sanctioned yardstick of development and culture is the extent to which a society can increase and satisfy those needs and desires. It is not that India has never seen the followers of such mundane philosophy. In ancient times, Charvaka’s materialistic philosophy was advocated by Brahshpati. Brahshpati propounded his philosophy thus: verse 1: Agnirushno (as fire by its very nature is warm) jalam shitam (and water is cold) samsparshistatha anila. Kenedam chitritam tasmat swabhavatadavyavastithi (in the same way, all things of this visible universe are made by the combination of necessary constituents in accordance with their inherent properties). Verse 6:   Yavat jivet (till you live) sukham jivet (live by enjoying pleasure), rinam kritva ghratam pibet (you should drink ghrita – clearified butter – even by securing it on credit); bhasmibhutasya dehasya (this physical body on its death is rendered burnt ash) punaragamanam kuta (and so, how can it come back again?). Its translation may be rendered thus: you should enjoy yourself till you have life; you should do so even by borrowing the means, if it be necessary, because it is not possible for human body, which on death is reduced to ash, to come again in this world.  However, philosophers like Charvaka, though having a considerable following of ordinary people, were never the ideal leaders of Indian society.

  It has been taught to the Eastern common man since time immemorial by their saints and Gurus, and it has become part of his psyche to believe, that when worldly desires rule human life, then they produce ego or arrogance in him. In turn, this arrogance creates an obstruction in his way of realizing the presence of eternal element of his existence and of fulfilling his life’s mission on earth. It is legitimate and commendable on his part to curb his needs, desires and arrogance.

  The yardstick of culture and civilization in East is the extent of ability of an individual to control his desires and minimize his needs. Here, the socially accepted virtue is simple living and high thinking.

  On the other side of the divide is the belief that assertion of self (that is, self composed of demands of body, desires and mind) is a virtue; that ego is an expression of human personality. For its balanced development it is necessary to cultivate, express and respect ego. It is the symbol of individual independence and liberty and it is desirable that it should be individually esteemed and socially approved and accommodated.

  To the East humility is a great virtue. A truly wise man knows that he knows not what is still there to know. He is always open to still greater wisdom that creates in him a sense of humility.

  In fact, this sense of humility is born out of the dawning on him the truth that knowledge and wisdom are infinite in its scope and depth and any arrogant assertion to the contrary by anyone only betrays his ignorance. It is wisely stated that a cowherd (who knows but little) and a truly learned man (who knows too much) reach on the same conclusion: that they know nothing of this vast and wonderful creation.

  To the Western common mind a sense of humility is an expression of lack of self-confidence and is harmful to the development of free and healthy personality. It is cowardice and has to be rejected.

  The ideals of eastern life is to minimize needs and desires and follow high ideals of life or follow the principle of simple living and high thinking.

  Contrary to this, the ideal of Western life is maximizing needs and desires and live a life dedicated to the satisfaction of those needs.

  In this context what is important to remember is that it is virtually impossible for the Westerner to believe in the merit of the Eastern approach and likewise it is not possible for the Easterner to believe in the merit of the Western approach. However it is always possible and open for an individual or a group of individuals or society to choose a path of conscious psychic evolution by embarking on the same and the choice so made has tremendous significance for the present and future of the individual or society concerned.

  India must take the path of yoga- the path of Divine- in her national life. The Divine is not a fictitious mental idea, a mere thought to be paid a lip service because India has believed it for long or it is convenient to let it remain where it is till it is banished by modem science from Indian mind. The Divine- a supreme power-does exist. It really exists. It not only exists but It alone exists.

  It is not an accident of mankind’s history in the cosmic scheme of things that India has over the ages persistently believed in the existence of such an Omnipotent Power. It is not a sign of the dullard India that she has ever been fertile in producing an unceasing crop of personalities like Buddha, Shankaracharya, Hazarat Nizamuddin, Ramakrishna, Sri Aurobindo etc. and many more known and unknown past and presently living yogis.

India’s tomorrow:

  India has reached at the crossroads. There are two wide and open paths that lead in opposite directions. And, India has to choose one. One path leads to the world where catering to the human desires is the supreme goal and engineering a glittering edifice in their service is the means. It is the path that West has been following and on treading this path India has simply to copy what has already been achieved. West is developed and India is not. India needs to become developed and become developed fast to catch up with the deficiency in this regard.

  The cherished – the long tested formula – is: put the desires in the driving seat of the engine of development and let them choose the route and the destination. In nutshell it is the privatization.  This engine of development works in this way. A human being is encouraged to subordinate the calls of his spirit and mind to that of his desires. To quench those desires he is encouraged to earn profits and an economic environment geared to further profit earning is provided to him. To earn more and more profits, he is encouraged to invest in technology and resources. Newer technology makes it possible for the investor to curtail workforce, which generates more profits to him.

  This brings unemployment but providing employment is not the objective of the investor who is there to earn profits. Employment of the workforce is a necessary concomitant for the investor, which he should reduce to the minimum scale to earn more profits.

  The investor needs more money, that is, profits, and more resources, that is, land, water, electricity, air, forests, earth and what not. He needs them all so that he can compete with other competing investors and come out victorious in the competition.

  But there is not one investor alone; there are a horde of them with a similar scheme of things. There is a free for all to those who have plenty of money. The more money you have, you are likely to earn more profits. The one who has lesser money is rendered disadvantaged and may get eliminated if he does not come up and earn more money.

  For an investor profit is everything he cares for. For him the society is market and the human beings are consumers. For him land, water etc. are resources to exploit to earn more profits and workforce is human resource to be reduced to the bare minimum enough to operate automated production. With this money, he becomes arrogant and ruthless. He uses his money to adapt the socio-political cum cultural environment of his nation that furthers his agenda of earning more and more profits.

  At the local level this engine of development – this path – brings social disharmony and dehumanization. At the national level, it brings degeneration of a people. And at the international level, it brings wars and violence.

  Then, there is another path. This path is of the subordination of one’s desires to the demands of human spirit and mind. The reason of mind rebels against unreasonable demands of desires. There the desires are not alone in human beings to be looked after and cared for. And, above mind, there is spirit, the voice of inner Self, the subdued conscience, which calls upon man to rise further and become master of his unquenchable and shameless desires of lower self. India has to choose a path for her. The later path leads her to a destiny that is sublime in purpose of life and to a status of the spiritual Guru of the world.

  One who has occasional contact with Him or had even a glimpse of Him is able to become His messenger and guide to humanity and one who has regular communion with Him is God incarnate on Earth in human body and flesh. Such individuals know by their personal experience that Divine Supreme Being is omnipresent and omnipotent. They know He is beyond description in any human language.

  All founders of different religions, saints and yogis have described Him as indescribable. Knowing the limitation of human mind some, like Lord Buddha, even refused to talk about Him.The first sign visible to ordinary human beings of such realized persons is that they become free from all worldly desires except to be in constant communion with Divine Being. They may belong to any religion but are above all religions. They may, though, live but, generally, do not live in temples, mosques or churches but in huts, mountain caves and retreats away from people. They even become reluctant to mix with the worldly people except under compassion when entreated by them in their worldly agonies.

  Another sign of such individuals is that, generally, they are not famous in the world and at times, they are not even known in the vicinity where they live. They are reclusive by nature.

  Let Indians seek them out in their retreats and entreat them to have compassion on suffering people of India. Let us plead them to spare their priceless meditation time for showing the path and leading this country in its darkest hours. They are the only hope of our country and the world.

  India must awake and refresh her ancient learning of yoga. The whole world awaits her for this balm of life.

 With the recent political development in India, there are enough indications that this country has made an emphatic choice for the path of Eastern Wisdom. This choice of path has the potential to turn India into the Spiritual Guru of the world. Still, democracy has certain limitations and the future of this country – and the spiritual well-being of the world – would depend on the level of consciousness of common people of this country.

India must adopt yoga in her national life as her guide, model and aim. India’s national life, including seemingly all-embracing politics, must be geared to the cause of life and its science, that is, yoga. It is not going backward in the ancient alleys of religious obscurities; it is marching forward to the new horizon of life and its science.

  It would be a revolution, an unparalleled and unheard of revolution in human history. It is unique revolution that calls all our countrymen – belonging to all castes, creeds and religions of India – to come forward and prepare themselves in their own natural way to the touch of all pervading Divine.

  It is unique revolution that seeks to turn present India into a society of human beings who know the purpose of life and make their presence in India a ray of hope to ailing mankind.

Where does India stand today?

  But where does India stand today? It is using her ingenuity in imitating the west in acquiring science and technology and poised to soon become one of the so-called developed countries of the world. Concomitantly, she is being powered for this pursuit by the same (western) powerhouse, that is, she is imitating the Western model of material progress. Science and technology is the product of reason (mind) and it is a natural lever of mankind’s evolution. It must be pursued and pursued vigorously.

  But this model for advancement of science and technology (that is, based on private profits of individuals, aimed at quenching artificially inflated desires and subordinating the reason to the desires) is not the only model for such advancement.

  This is not the only, or even better, way to advance the cause of science. If we put our desires in the driver’s seat of the engine of scientific advancement, we get a capitalist model where every movement of society is dedicated to earn profits and concomitant byproduct of exploitation of vulnerable section of the society. If we put mind in the driver’s seat of this engine, we get a social model that is somewhat akin to socialism. Some communist dictatorships did this scientific advancement in much better way than capitalist countries. They used the mind, that is, planning and not the desires (profit motivated) of individuals to achieve the goal of scientific advancement. But the chief defect of the Communist social order is the imposition of the dictatorship of an individual or, at best, of a few individuals over the entire society. The professed claim of the dictatorship of working class through its alleged vanguard (Communist party) is a crude camouflage. An individual or a group of individuals are always, save in exceptional cases where spiritually advanced persons are involved, ordinary human beings who are driven by their desires, which assume enormous proportions when they are coupled with dictatorial powers of state machine.

  From the evolutionary point of view, there are very few individuals in a society, like Lord Buddha, Lord Jesus Christ etc., who are evolutionally advanced. (Guidance, or even dictatorship, of such spiritually advanced individuals would be the best social order as that would set living examples for its citizen of renunciation, un-attachment, love, non-violence, social accord, subordination of vices by virtues etc.). The dictatorship of individuals who are governed by their desires is a retrograde, and most dangerous, social order one can imagine. And, then there is the defect of the means through which the Communist regime is established. It is not the natural way of transition from capitalism to socialism (or its alleged second stage, Communism); under the logic of dialectical process of social evolution, Communists maintain, class conflict is inevitable; class war and violence are the necessary means for them to accomplish this transition. Violent social upheaval is the general rule and the peaceful transition is an exception, they maintain. If we set these two defects of Communism aside for the time being, which one of the two (that is, Capitalism and Communism) is higher from the evolutionary point of view?

  What is the difference between the two social orders? The capitalist order puts the desires in the driver’s seat and subordinates the mind and the Divine light to it. The communist social order puts the mind (reason) in the driver’s seat and subordinates the desires, which element puts it on the pedestal that is evolutionally higher than capitalism. But, then it subordinates the Divine light and its creativity to established social rigors. India could design a still better social order to achieve the goal of scientific advancement. It could be by putting the reason in the first step of social change and then in the second stage by putting the Divine light in the driver’s seat and subordinating the reason and the desires to it.

  By this social order India could harness the power of mind (reason) to unveil the secrets of Nature (that is, make research in fundamental science and exploit the same in the service of human beings) and then subordinate the reason to the light of Divine.

  India has embarked on the path of organizing society on the foundations of earning private profits and quenching of artificially inflated endless human desires. It is a path that is chosen by her. Where would this path lead India and, and of course, the mankind? What would the place of India be in the future in a world bleeding in wars and violence, an inevitable consequence of human passions?

  These wars and violence may be checked by human reason but for a while, and this for a while may be a period in decades or even centuries. But a world driven by passions of human desires dedicated to animal instincts is sure to come to wars sooner or later.

  Some speculate, and may be rightly, that man will go to Moon and Mars one day if Earth proves not enough for him. But the entire universe is too small for him to satisfy his desires, and that includes his ego. The cause of wars, violence and conflicts among humans is not the sufficiency or otherwise of ‘means’ to satisfy their desires. The cause lies somewhere else.

  India is at the crossroads of her destiny:

  India has to make a choice. This right of choice should be exercised by ordinary, hungry, illiterate but spiritually highly developed Indians who live in villages, huts, caves, temples, mosques and churches. This choice should not be left to the dominant minority of Indians who are Indians by birth but not Indians by spirit. Can it be ever done? How can Indians do this?

  It can be done by empowering ordinary powerless Indians through the employment of modern information technology in the matter of their democratic self-governance. This would enable them to transform the current socio-political order into a new one in a manner that is non-violent and peaceful.

  Here it may be interesting to refer to a prophecy made by the Mother of Sri Aurobindo Ashram, Pondicherry. Great yogis, like her, completely identify their consciousness with that of the Divine and get vision of three dimensions of time, that is, past, present and future. They envision the kaleidoscopic possibilities of events depending upon the choice people make.

  The Mother saw the future of India. She told her this vision to her secretary Sri Udar Pinto, who is now no more. The date of this vision about the future of India is not known, as Sri Pinto did not indicate it. But we can guess and make some rough estimate of it. The Mother left her body in 1973 and Sri Pinto revealed the prophecy after her physical death. It could have been made some time before her death, say around 1970 or so.

  It is what Sri Udar Pinto says:  “I will try to give here what the Mother has said about this in Her own words, as far as I can… The Mother said that India would pass through a very difficult time. One Government after another would come but each would fail in solving the problems that would face the country in greater and greater intensity. One party after another would fail. There would be an attempt at a sort of dictatorship but this too, would fail and the people would become desperate. Then finally there would come the breaking point and at that time, if the people were not given the right lead they would take a wrong turn and India’s soul would suffer for centuries. So they must be correctly guided at that point. This is more or less in Mother’s own words and so we can see how what she said is happening and how important it is for us to be ready.”

  (Writing these lines in 2007) Have the people of India become desperate? Has the breaking point of which she spoke already reached? Are the people of India being given the right lead (by our political leaders)?

  (Writing these lines in 2007) Have the people of India already taken a wrong turn? If yes, whether it is still possible to retrace our steps back from the wrong turn and correct our path. It depends on the people of India, and particularly on the youth. Only the time would be able to answer these questions.

  Writing in 2017, we may justfibiably say that it has been possible for India to retrace her steps back from the wrong turn and correct her path. The people of India – particularly her youth – have made it possible.

Post your comments:

What do you think? Do you like to strengthen Indian People’s Congress, the standard bearer of this vision? Leave your reply at the end of this page, we shall contact you.

 

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