No to Capitalism. No to Socialism. Then, what? Four Mantras!

By: Shreepal Singh

Free society and free economy

A. Our society should provide to its citizens all conceivable forms of freedom and rights.

B. All rights of citizens should be coupled to their concomitant duties.

C. There should be encouragement of private initiative with guaranteed incentive in the form of profit.

D. All resources, natural and man-made, should be held as the property of people.

E. Resources should be handed over in private hands only in trust to them and only for their development in the interest of public and for the sole public good.

F. Work of resources-development done by private hands must be compensated by the right of these private hands to earn profit in the venture.

Empowerment of people through technology

A. There should be democratic form of governance of the people through their elected representatives.

B. People/electorate should elect their representatives for governance only/primarily through the internet connected mobile phones.

C. Election Commission should conduct daily online elections of people’s representatives in order to judge these representatives’ continuous enjoyment of trust of their constituents.

D. There should be legal duty imposed on every citizen to vote ‘yes’ or ‘no’ daily by his mobile phone/device and no such phone/device should be allowed to function unless that citizen first ‘casts a vote’ of yes or no.

E. Electoral law should allow a specified grace period or tolerance period for a few months or years to the trust-deficit elected representatives with a warning either to improve his performance and win trust or else quit.

F. After the expiry of the allowed grace period, people should be entitled by law to recall their representatives and elect new ones in their place.

Transparency in public life

A. All acts/affairs connected with public or effecting public in whatever way and of whatsoever nature should be put online to make them transparent.

B. All work of public functionaries to be put on-line to make the same transparent.

C. Such acts of public nature would include: all government decisions of handing over of public resources in private hands; conferring any benefits; all such discretion exercised; all acts of public functionaries that work as a bridge between citizens and government.

D. Every act of economic nature of every individual person should be put online to make it transparent.

E. Such acts of individuals of economic nature would include: precise amount of price of input resources; cost/price paid for every head of expenditure; each of the items used in the process of production and distribution; price at which products are being sold to consumers; the precise amount of investment made and the amount of profit earned.

Government an institution of auditors and coercion

A. All government ministries should work primarily/mainly as accountants and auditors to ensure that the above public work of the governance is duly carried out by all concerned, public and private persons.

B. Government should secure strict compliance of the above rules by maintaining a coercive machinery, including military, police, courts, jails, coercive equipment like arms and weapons.

C. No private person should be allowed to create or maintain coercive machinery like private security force; coercive equipment like weapons; armed public organizations; coercive technology.

Root out Corruption through Transparency

This article is written by Sh. Parmanand Pandey (Advocate, Supreme Court and General Secretary of Indian People’s Congress) on February 15, 2014 and is posted for general discussion on the subject.

It is a delightful pleasure to listen the highly incisive and illuminating discussions of Advocates like Shreepal Singh and Radhakrishna Kumar on any issue in the library, lounge or canteen of the Supreme Court. I have never seen or heard them indulging into trivialities. Both are voracious readers of the books on history, religion, social science, literature and law. Above all they always keep tab on the latest events taking place around the world as they avidly read newspapers. It is my privilege that I enjoy their affection in good measure and sometimes I take the liberty to trigger these intellectually equipped persons.

Yesterday it was the day of Shreepal Singh, who was speaking with spontaneity on what he termed as the ‘Dynamic Democracy’. He advocated for the system of ‘right to recall’ of the Parliamentarians, legislators or any elected representatives. When it was pointed out that frequent recall of the elected representatives will lead to anarchy and it will involve the huge expenses; he said that on the contrary it would strengthen the democracy, As far as the expenses were concerned he said that the new technology had to be employed to the hilt to substantially cut down the expenses. The right to recall will empower the people beyond their expectations and it will keep the elected representatives on their toes is the definite view of Shreepal Singh.

Let me summarize his loud thinking, which he elaborated yesterday.

We give our vote to a person, he/she is elected, and then the elected person disappears and has no time to listen to the problems of the constituents. The people, therefore, have no choice but to suffer this elected person for five years. An alternative has to be created with the help of modern technology, which is quite inexpensive. Whoever is having access to the internet, he/she may take advantage of it in keeping the elected person on constant alert. However, those who do not have the internet facility they should have make the full use of the mobile phones. A mechanism has to be developed by the Election Commission of India with the help of Information technologists for the sake of vibrant and dynamic democracy. Constant vigil of the elected person is the only guarantee to keep the democracy alive in the country. It will jolt the elected representatives from their slumber and lethargy. Unless and until they are made accountable to the electorates i.e. to the citizens of the country, they will continue to indulge in to corruption to the detriments of the people. There is no need at all to impose any moratorium on the public for recalling any parliamentarian or legislator. The day people feel disenchanted with their elected representatives, they can initiate the process of recalling.

The second most important thing for the polity is the transparency. Here also the use of the technology will be very vital. All companies, entrepreneurs and business should be legally oblized to show on the website as to how much they have incurred expenses on the production of an item of commodity and for how much they are going to sell the same. What measures have been adopted to ensure the quality of the production? Transparency will have to be the hallmark of the business and industry. As they say, sunlight is the biggest disinfectant and so, the transparency will put everything in the open where there will hardly be any chance of dishonesty or making black money. Opaque system generates black money and that in turn leads to corruption. It is difficult to control the river of corruption when it meets the ocean of corruption. That is why; the urgent need is to curb and control the very genesis of corruption. It emanates in the dark and evaporates in the light. Transparency is the light and the modern technology is the light giver. So long, transparency is not brought about with the help of technology; all tall talks of removing the corruption go in vain.

The third point is that it has to be fully and properly drilled into minds of the people that natural resources like; water, coal, air, rivers, petrol or other mineral belong to the nation or people. These resources cannot be allowed to be frittered away for the enrichment of the few. They are meant to be used for the greater good of all .Governance means decisions are taken for the benefit of the people in the transparent manner, without any hanky-panky and their complete and strict compliance. Any body willfully failing in performance of duties must be sternly dealt with. These steps, according to Shreepal Singh will be the harbinger of what he says ‘the peaceful revolution through technology’.

My friend Radhakrishna Kumar agreed with the essence and intent of his thinking but he has reservations about the modus operendi of achieving the goal. Every body is groaning under the weight of corruption and inequity in the society. However, what is really important is that the persons like Shreepal Singh are constantly watching and analyzing the problems to get them remedied.

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