Unsung Heroes: Rudra Dutt Mishra


We Indians are free today. There are Prime Ministers, Ministers, Chief Justices, Judges, Chief Ministers, IAS officers and other endless persons holding power today. We all owe a debt to all those who fought the British for the freedom of this country and made great sacrifices.

These sacrifices were made by them voluntarily out of their love for their mother land. While these true sons and daughters of mother India suffered great agonies at the hands of the enemies of their country, a large number of make-believe political leaders – who took reins of the free India in their hands as Prime Ministers, Chief Ministers etc. – were enjoying their life in cosy jails or in palaces with full sympathy of the British rulers.

We have a long, really a very long, list of such make-believe official ‘Freedom Fighters’ and the make-belive ‘heroes’ of this freedom struggle; but there is no mention of those who sacrificed their comforts and life for this country. In this regard, the Indian history needs to be corrected and the real and the fake freedom fighters need to be put in the places in Indian history where they actually belong.

We must be sensible to understand one thing: the British people were at that time of the history, as they are today, very pragmatic people. They had the means, the weapons, and they had the strength, the British Army, to foil any non-violent attempt to liberate India and thus deprive them “the Jewel of their Empire”. They were pragmatic and knew fully well that Indian revolutionaries like Chandra Shekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Surya Sen, Aurobindo Ghosh, Batukeshwar Dutt, Subhash Chandra Bose and countless others of the same elk had mesmerizing effect on the Indian people’s psyche; that if they were not pragmatic enough to hand over soon enough after the WW 2  the rein of India to those who advocated non-violence and worked for the amicable settlement of the question of Indian independence, Indian people would rise in the foot-steps of these belligerent and ferocious revolutionaries. The imperialists were pragmatic and decided in their best interest to disband their empire in India.

We all owe a debt to these revolutionaries. At the least that we can do to them is to remember them and cherish their heroic deeds. We are narrating here the life story of one such revolutionary. His name is Rudra Dutt Mishra.

Rudra Dutt Mishra was born into a wealthy family of the Alwar region. Mishra was known to be very bold and was never intimidated. He was always the one to voice his opinions. Mishra was a doctor by profession. It is said that one day he was asked by a notorious robber of the area to accompany him and treat one of his ill relatives. Being the bold man he was, Rudra Dutt consented. He was blindfolded and led to the hideout where he successfully treated the patient and then dined with the robber himself.

Rudra Dutt has been known to throw a shoe at a British judge at a court hearing.

On May 25, 1932, Rudra Dutt Misra, Dhanwantri, K B Gupta, B R Gupta, S H Vatsayana, Azad Vidyabhushan, Vaishampayan, Bhagirath Lal and Harkesh, the individuals who were the accused before the Delhi Conspiracy Commission, sent a petition from Old Viceregal Lodge, Delhi to the viceroy in his summer residence in Shimla, which is now a centre of advanced academic research.

The British government looked into the evidence produced by the prosecution before the Commission. The only evidence against the accused persons was the statements made by persons – mainly by Kailashpati and two others – who were revolutionaries of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association / Army (HSRA) but who had agreed to give evidence supporting the State case of conspiracy (called in legal language Approvers). There was no evidence of independent witnesses. The evidence of these co-accused (who were pardoned by the government on the condition of supporting the state case of conspiracy) was considered not enough. The conspiracy charge was finally dropped in February 1933 as untenable in view of this fact that there was not enough evidence to take it any further. Four of the accused were let off and the rest were to be tried individually ‘for severe overt acts’. Nothing more is known about this revolutionary. Help is needed to fill this gap.

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Daily life of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdeo & other Indian revolutionaries


Two weeks after the murder of Mr. Saunders, Bhagat Singh and Sukhdeo came to Amritsar.  Kailashpati told Sukhdeo that he wanted to return to United Provinces on which he said that arrangements would be made for the same.

In the beginning of February it was arranged that Bijoy Kumar Sinha should meet Kailashpati in Delhi near Hardinge library according to this arrangement Kailashpati left Amritsar to Delhi. While Kailashpati was in Amritsar his expenses were being paid  by Sukhdeo.

On reaching Delhi Kailashpati meet Bijoy Kumar Sinha near the Hardinge library and had a talk lasting for an hour, when Jaidev Kapur came there and Kailashpati was made over to him, Jaidev took him to Jamuna Ghat to Ramswaup Dharamshala where Kashiram was living at that time.

Kashiram was studying in second year class in Hindu College with whom Kailashpati stayed for about a month.  While Kailashpati was there, Sheo Verma used to come to Dharamshala and once or twice Sukhdeo also came there.

In a room adjoining Jaideo’s, Nandkishore Nigam was living while preparing for M.A. final exams. In the room other side of Kashiram lived Bhimal Pershad Jain, who was Kashiram’s class fellow.

They all used to meet together and discuss revolutionary topics like how revolution should be carried out in India. Bhimal Pershad Jain’s brother Jogmindera Das was living with him and was preparing to appear in matriculation examination.

Bhavani Sahai who was class fellow of Jogmindra Das also used to come there and discuss the revolutionary topics. All these persons agreed with the view that the revolutionary means should be adopted for setting India free All these persons used to supply the revolutionary literature to each other, among which included one was the book titled “Bandi Jiven”.

On March 17 Jaideo came there and told Kailashpati to leave Delhi at once and to go and stay in a Dharamshala at Meerut. The Simon commission was coming to Delhi next day. Kailashpati thought it not proper to go to Meerut in case some action was to be undertaken to blow up Simon Commission and there might be a lot of police activity both in Delhi and Meerut.

Thus instead of going to Meerut Kailashpati went to Bhatnawar in Shivpuri district in Madhya Pradesh. At Shivpuri Kailashpati stayed with Narayain Das for whom he had introductory letter from Gopal Kishen Pauraink.

After staying for 2 days Kailashpati went to Bhatnawar and stayed at Adarash Vidyalay for two and half months and worked as its Headmaster. After that Kailashpati went to live in Lashkar in district Gwalior and met one Bharwee  at the  end of July 1929.

Chandra Shekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Bimal Prasad Jain


The house of Bimal Prasad Jain was in Khari Baoli. He originally hailed from Sisana in Meerut District. At the end of July 1929, it was decided that they would make picric acid in the house of Gajanand Sada Shiv Potdar in Gwalior for filling bombs.

Azad sent Vaishampayan somewhere to bring apparatus and acids for this purpose and he brought them. Vaishampayan also purchased in Gwalior antimony tri-sulphate, potassium chlorate and sulphur.  Azad, Sada Shiv Rao, Gajanand Sada Shiv Potdar, and K began to make picric acid.

After two unsuccessful attempts they sought the help of D.V. Tailang who was a class fellow of Potdar and a member of the party who used to come there. Tailing referred them to J.V. Cochen’s ‘Practical Chemistry’ and following the instructions in it, they succeeded in making picric acid.

They also started to make tin bombs, that is, cigarette-tins. These bombs were made with a view to defend themselves if necessary as they had not sufficient weapons. These bombs were filled with sulphur, antimony tri-sulphide, sugar and potassium chlorate. Some were also filled with picric acid.

They also made a cast-iron shell. One of the tin bomb was taken away by Vaishampayan, Sada Shiv Rao, Bhagwan Das and Kailaspati to a hill outside Gwalior for experiment. They threw one and it exploded well and found by experiment that the bombs made by them were satisfactory. The other three were kept to be used in case of need or if any ‘action’ took place.

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