Unsung Heroes: Bhagat Singh, Sukhdeo, Kailashpati

We Indians are free today. There are Prime Ministers, Ministers, Chief Justices, Judges, Chief Ministers, IAS officers and other endless persons holding power today. We all owe a debt to all those who fought the British for the freedom of this country. We have a long, really a very long, list of official Freedom Fighters and the make-belive heroes of this freedom struggle.

We must be sensible to understand one thing: the British people were at that time of the history, as they are today, very pragmatic people. They had the means, the weapons, and they had the strength, the British Army, to foil any non-violent attempt to liberate India and thus deprive them “the Jewel of their Empire”. They were pragmatic and knew fully well that Indian revolutionaries like Chandra Shekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Surya Sen, Aurobindo Ghosh, Batukeshwar Dutt, Subhash Chandra Bose and countless others of the same elk had mesmerizing effect on the Indian people’s psyche; that if they were not pragmatic enough to hand over soon enough after the WW 2  the rein of India to those who advocated non-violence and worked for the amicable settlement of the question of Indian independence, Indian people would rise in the foot-steps of these belligerent and ferocious revolutionaries.

The imperialists were pragmatic and decided in their best interest to disband their empire in India. We all owe a debt to these revolutionaries. At the least that we can do to them is to remember them and cherish their heroic deeds. We are narrating here some of their revolutionary activities.

Two weeks after the murder of Mr. Saunders, Bhagat Singh and Sukhdeo came to Amritsar.  Kailashpati told Sukhdeo that he wanted to return to United Provinces on which he said that arrangements would be made for the same.  In the beginning of February it was arranged that Bijoy Kumar Sinha should meet Kailashpati in Delhi near Hardinge library.

According to this arrangement Kailashpati left Amritsar to Delhi. While Kailashpati was in Amritsar his expenses were being paid  by Sukhdeo.  On reaching Delhi Kailashpati met Bijoy Kumar Sinha near the Hardinge library and had a talk lasting for an hour, when Jaidev Kapur came there and Kailashpati was made over to him, Jaidev took him to Jamuna Ghat to Ramswaup Dharamshala where Kashiram was living at that time.

Kashiram was studying in second year class in Hindu College with whom Kailashpati stayed for about a month.  While Kailashpati was there, Sheo Verma used to come to Dharamshala and once or twice Sukhdeo also came there.    In a room adjoining Jaideo’s, Nandkishore Nigam was living while preparing for M.A. final exams. In the room other side of Kashiram lived Bhimal Pershad Jain, who was Kashiram’s class fellow. They all used to meet together and discuss revolutionary topics like how revolution should be carried out in India.

Bhimal Pershad Jain’s brother Jogmindera Das was living with him and was preparing to appear in matriculation examination.   Bhavani Sahai who was class fellow of Jogmindra Das also used to come there and discuss the revolutionary topics. All these persons agreed with the view that the revolutionary means should be adopted for setting India free.

All these persons used to supply the revolutionary literature to each other, among which included one was the book titled “Bandi Jiven”. On March 17 Jaideo came there and told Kailashpati to leave Delhi at once and to go and stay in a Dharamshala at Meerut. The Simon commission was coming to Delhi next day. Kailashpati thought it not proper to go to Meerut in case some action was to be undertaken to blow up Simon Commission and there might be a lot of police activity both in Delhi and Meerut.

Thus instead of going to Meerut Kailashpati went to Bhatnawar in Shivpuri district in Madhya Pradesh. At Shivpuri Kailashpati stayed with Narayain Das for whom he had introductory letter from Gopal Kishen Pauraink.  After staying for 2 days Kailashpati went to Bhatnawar and stayed at Adarash Vidyalay for two and half months and worked as its Headmaster. After that Kailashpati went to live in Lashkar in district Gwalior and met one Bharwee  at the  end of July 1929.

Chandra Shekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh etc. : space denied in official history

How India gradually compromised its freedom by her unwise steps and ultimately in 1857 lost it to the British Empire completely, is a fairly established history that should still teach a lesson or two to modern free India. But, the history of how that country was catapult by the great sacrifices of revolutionaries within a short period of about 40 years (1910 to 1947) from a slave population to a belligerent national mass and compelled the British very soon to resign to their unpleasant fate of disbanding their Indian Empire in the face of such belligerency, albeit by designing a graceful exit, is not so fairly known.

Saga of these revolutionary sacrifices and their decisive historical contribution in making the British making their mind to go, is a missing chapter in the official history of Indian freedom struggle. The powerful Indian revolutionary forces had, almost as a singular and decisive factor, molded the belligerent mood of Indian people that made the British gauge the seriousness of the situation and make-up their mind to leave.

Since in the face of these glowing sacrifices by revolutionaries and their mesmerizing effect on public psyche, the legitimacy of the claim of official freedom-fighters to take the rein of new India into their hands was seriously compromised, dubiously the new regime by design did not concede any historical space to these unsung heroes of the country. The successful attempt of official free India to consign to the dustbin of history the Delhi Conspiracy and Lahore Conspiracy cases and their accused is a glaring testimony of this unfortunate attitude.

This series of the life sketches of the accused of Delhi Conspiracy (Chandra Shekhar Azad), Lahore Conspiracy (Bhagat Singh), Chitgong Armoury (Master Surya Sen), Azad Hind Fauz (Subhash Chandra Bose), Alipur (Sri Aurobindo) cases etc. is intended to correct this historical mistake of the official history of Indian freedom struggle. Heroes of these struggles had made much greater sacrifices in the national cause and had a much profound vision about a free India than those who usurped the reins of free India and distorted the history to appropriate this claim to themselves.

Unfortunately, most of the persons involved in these cases have already died leaving no trace of the turbulent times and their travails due to this official apathy to recognize their contribution and preserve its memory. With the passage of time, even the people who knew about these efforts made in the difficult hours of India are now not left in good numbers.

The persons who still survive and know about their activities may bring their memory to the public domain by contributing to these lines. This series really needs the unbiased collaborative work from all those, Indians and non-Indians, who may happen to have in their possession the relevant and credible information about Indian revolutionaries.

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