Veer Savarkar: A Matchless Revolutionary

By: Parmanand Pandey, Advocate, Supreme Court (Secretary General IPC)
 The life history of Vinayak Damodar Savarkar is so touching and heart-wrenching that it moves even a stone-hearted person. The way he escaped from the ship S.S. Morea which was bringing him from Britain to India at Marseilles port of France was a hair-raising story of unprecedented courage and adventure. If the silly and stupid authorities of the French harbour had not handed over Savarkar to the British Police, the history of India would have been altogether a different one.
France was at loggerheads with England, so, everybody genuinely thought that Savarkar would be tried in France and not in India, a colony of Britain.  The feat of Savarkar was the talk of the town not only in India, Britain and France but it was flashed as big news in most of the newspapers of the world. The French government was roundly criticised for its inept handling of the Savarkar’s escape from the ship. He swam from the ship to reach the quay of the port and then ran towards French to be arrested by them but before he could be arrested some startled security handed him over to the crew and the guards of the liner.

Such a feat could have been performed only by a person, who was not only an intellectual giant but also the epitome of fearlessness, formidable inner strength and strong conviction. Thereafter, he was brought to India and put in jail; and after his trial, he was sentenced to two life imprisonments spanning 50 years. He was sent to Andaman to undergo ‘Saja-e-Kalapani’.

He suffered extreme punishment of extracting oil from the oil mills, spinning ropes and pounding of coir. Within a few months of his jail term, he was reduced to skin and bones. The leader that he was, he started organising the convicts also to rise in revolt against the jail authorities, for which he was mercilessly beaten by the Jail Jamadars in the Cellular Jail. The extremely bad conditions in which he and his elder brother Ganesh Damodar Savarkar lived in jail and the fact that they were denied even those facilities which were available to other prisoners speak of the fact that they were considered dangerous by the regime.

The book ‘Savarkar echoes a forgotten past’, is a brilliant biography written by a young historian Dr Vikram Sampath. The book chronicles the life and activities of Savarkar, more known as ‘Veer Savarkar’ from 1883 to 1924. Cellular Jail as the name suggests had only cells and no barracks. Each cell measured 13’6” X 7’6” and there was a small ventilator at height of 9’8”. It was under Mr Barrie, who was considered to cruellest jailor at that time. What is a most surprising thing that even in Cellular Jail Muslim Jamadaras from Balochistan used to get sadistic pleasure in torturing Hindu prisoners and this was the reason that many Hindu prisoners in order to escape the torture were getting converted to Islam. The procedure of conversion was very simple. There were two kitchens; one was meant for Hindus and other was for Muslims. Any Hindu moving to Muslim kitchen to get relief from the cruelties was immediately considered to have converted to Islam. Vinayak Ganesh Savarkar considered it to be an insult to Hinduism and a cause for huge pain to him.

 He was deeply influenced by the founder of the Arya Samaj Swami Dayanand Saraswati, who had also advocated for the reconversion of Muslims and Christians to Hinduism through Shuddhi movement. As a result of it, he started reconverting the Muslims to Hinduism, who were converted to Islam by force, fraud and cheating. This initiative of Savarkar further enraged Muslim Jamadars and they became more cruel towards him.

While reading the Sampath’s book one comes to know that his elder brother Ganesh Vinayak Savarkar was transported to life in Cellular Jail much before younger Savarkar i.e. Veer Savarkar reached. The sufferings of elder brother were, in fact, more harrowing than even his younger brother. Anybody who reads the jail accounts of Savarkar brothers will be filled with contempt and anger towards Britishers. Both of them spent a rigorous and inhuman life in Kala Paani for one and half-decade. They were given practically uneatable food. Every trick of the trade was adopted to crush and break them mentally and physically.  Their sufferings were unimaginable, to say the least.

 While in jail Vinayak Damodar Savarkar struggled to make available certain facilities to other prisoners like newspapers and some assorted books to read. They also got the concession of receiving letters from their family members once in six months, earlier it was not possible for any prisoner to get any letter from their family members. And the second thing was the facility of medicines for common deceases like cold, cough and fever etc.

Savarkar had no two opinions about the pride of place for Hindi in Independent India. He started work for the propagation of Hindi even from 1906. While in England he had begun work to make Hindi the national language of India. He championed the cause of Hindi to be written in Devnagri script. He always thought that Hindi was an important tool for national unity. It was supported by other national leaders like Baal Gangadhar Tilak and Gandhiji. He was dead against superstitions, which was the bane of the poor, illiterate and gullible masses of India

Savarkar vigorously worked for the annihilation of the caste system as he considered it was the biggest weakness of the Hindus. He was chastised all those who believed in it. He used to say that strange and shocking were the ways of Hindus that they make some people untouchable but the moment they converted to Islam or Christianity; Hindus gave them all respect. Therefore, the Hindus must mend their ways and must work for the eradication of the caste system from Hinduism. Thus, Savarkar was not only freedom fighter par excellence but was also a great social reformer. The learning and understanding of Vinayak Damodar Savarkar can be known by reading his books like ‘The Indian War of Independence of 1857’, and ‘My Transportation to Life’.

Both brothers were discriminated against even in comparison to fellow prisoners. While other prisoners were granted general remission after ten years, they were denied it. Savarkar brothers should have been released after 14 years but they were not allowed. They were political prisoners, but they were treated much worse than hardened criminals.  Their parents died when they were in jail. The baby son and wife of the elder brother died when both of them were in jail. The wife of the elder brother could not get the opportunity to see her husband even when she was on death bed. Veer Savarkar also lost his four-year-old daughter while in jail and he could not get the chance to see her at the time of her death. This personal pains and trauma of Savarkar brothers swell the eyes with the tears of anybody.

The much fuss and hullaballoo, which is created around Vinayak Damodar Savarkar about the letters of apology that he wrote to the government is simply a shameless effort to malign one of the greatest revolutionaries that India had produced. By reading those petitions which have been appended in the book one finds that Savarkar simply raised objections for making discriminatory and inhuman treatment to them. He also pointed out the violations of jail manuals with regard to the injuries that were inflicted on him and his brother. By reading those petitions one finds that Savarkar was never apologetic about his revolutionary activities. Except one of his letters written on 20 March 1920, after ten years of his incarceration, wherein he had asked for showing the magnanimity as ‘magnanimity wins even where might fails’. He never wanted any extra consideration for himself and his brother. He always pointed out in his petitions that they were entitled to remission after spending so much time in the jail. This gripping biography of Savarkar describes the revolutionary zeal of both brothers for the emancipation of India. Free India is indebted to him.

For Savarkar India was a pious land and fatherland for those who were born in India and this was the definition for Hindutva for him. He was the opponent of the compromising and conciliatory politics of Mahatma Gandhi but so were Bhagat Singh and many other revolutionaries like them. He considered that the Khilafat Movement was thoroughly communal and retrogressive, which started by those who wanted to establish the Islamic Ummah. Mahatma Gandhi fell into their trap for the sake of Hindu-Muslim unity in his struggle for the freedom of the country but these Khalifatists ultimately turned hostile towards Hindus. Thus, Gandhi ji failed to win the support of Muslims.

Savarkar supported for the reformation in Islam, and he believed, that was what undertaken by Kamal Ataturk Pasha in Turkey. So, Gandhi should have extended his support to the then ruler of Turkey, who had overthrown ‘Khalifa Raj’. By reading this book one comes to know about other revolutionaries like Barin Ghosh, Lala Hardayal, Shyamji Krishna Verma, Madan Lal Dhingra and Madam Cama ji.

Savarkar believed in the larger unity among Hindus. He was an ardent admirer of Guru Gobind Singh.  Credit goes to him for popularising the slogan of Vande Mataram. The book is written in a gripping style in elegant English and should be read by everybody to know the sacrifices which were made by Veer Savarkar for the pious land that India is.

Kejariwal, Freebees and Future

Parmanand Pandey, Advocate, Supreme Court (Secretary General IPC)

Now when the dirt, din and bustle of Delhi elections have largely got subsided, it is necessary to have a close look as to what has happened during this period and how far it will auger well or ill for the people. There is no doubt that Mr Kejriwal’s party has got the astounding victory and has made the biggest party in the country, the BJP, to bite the dust. But this victory has not been obtained on any positive points, it has certainly vitiated the atmosphere.
The same Kejriwal, who was crying hoarse that the central government was creating all obstacles for him to work for the benefit of the people, suddenly six months before the elections started distributing the freebies to people. He announced free bus travels to women, free electricity up to 200 units across the board, free water supply and free pilgrimage to senior citizens. To top it all, he must have blown up more than a thousand crore rupees in advertisements.
It is also alleged that he has sold party tickets to rich and wealthy. Obviously, this is a big corruption although his politics started with the movement for rooting out the corruption. Free doles were poured on voters to obfuscate their capacity to make any decisions. This is certainly a matter of great concern and anxiety. During the previous regime of Shri Kejriwal, corruption was unabated, in fact, it went further deep down in the system of his government. He must be aware that the Distribution of doles cannot provide jobs or build infrastructure.
The much-trumpeted education systemin Delhi has reached its nadir, thousands of the posts of the teachers are lying vacant and no fresh appointment of the teachers have been made for many years. The condition of government schools has not improved a wee bit. Even the teachers in these schools do not have any faith in them as they do not send their own children to the schools of Delhi administration because there are no teachers to teach them. No MLA or important office bearers of his political party send their children to the government schools. On the other hand, the image and the education of Central Schools are by far better than most of the private schools. Even Mr Kejriwal and his deputy Manish Sisodia have not sent their children to any Delhi government school.
Therefore, it is expected that instead of indulging into tall talks the Kejriwal government will now concentrate on the better education of the children. In the last five years, no new schools or colleges have been opened in Delhi. So, all talks of the improvement in the education system in Delhi are nothing but empty rhetoric.
During this election, it will very difficult to miss the polarisation of Muslim votes. So much so, that in ShaheenBagh area an almost illiterate person Amanatullah Khan has been elected with the highest number of votes, while Mr Sisodia was panting for the even for the pyrrhic victory. So, to say that people have voted for a good education in Delhi is nothing but a downright lie. Anyway, Kejriwal is again saddled in power for five years, he must work for rooting out the corruption, improving the transport system, building the infrastructure, opening new schools, colleges and hospitals and starting for the welfare schemes instead of blaming for everything to a government which is ruling at the centre.

CAA: Why Question Saving of Pakistani and Bangladeshi Dalits?

Parmanand Pandey, Advocate, Supreme Court (Secretary General IPC)
   Those who are opposing the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) and shedding crocodile tears for the Dalits appear to be unaware of the horrible facts that the worst sufferers of the partition of India have been Dalits. Those who were left back in west Pakistan or in present Bangladesh were mostly Dalits. The sufferings which they had undergone and are still undergoing shudders and shocks to the core of human conscience. One has to read the letter of Shri Joginder Nath Mandal, who was the first Law Minister of Pakistan, which he wrote to Liaquat Ali Khan (the frist Prime Minister of Pakistan), to have some idea of the persecution of Dalits. In one of his letters, he has said Pakistani Army stationed in east Pakistan was using the women of his community as a source of recreation. They were raped, molested day in and day out with gay abandon and were converted to Islam. If any resistance were made, then the male members were mercilessly beaten or beheaded without any compunction or remorse.
    Dr B.R. Ambedkar was very clear about the misbehaviour of Muslims towards Dalits and this was the reason that he outrightly refused to convert to Islam despite the offer of Nizam Hyderabad to give him Rs. two hundred crores to become a Muslim. Perhaps this was one of the reasons that in his book ‘Pakistan or the Partition of India’, he had advocated for population exchange in case of the vivisection of India. He had said that Hindus and Sikhs from Pakistan should come to India and Muslims from India must go to Pakistan. He further said that ‘the transfer of minorities is the only lasting remedy for communal peace is beyond doubt. The only way to make Hindustan homogeneous is to arrange for exchange of population. Until that is done, it must be admitted that even with the creation of Pakistan, the problem of majority versus minority will remain in Hindustan as before and will continue to produce disharmony in the body politic of Hindustan.’
    Dr Ambedkar was very critical of the hypocrisy of Mahatma Gandhi and he had observed that ‘Mr. Gandhi never protested the murders of Hindus in Pakistan. He never called up the leading Muslims to condemn the killings of Hindus by the Muslims wherever they are in the majority. As a matter of fact, Gandhi ji was more anxious to preserve Hindu-Muslim unity and so he did not mind the murders of a few Hindus if it could be achieved by sacrificing their lives. This attitude to excuse the Muslims any wrong, lest it should injure the cause of unity is well illustrated by what Mr Gandhi had to say in the matter of Mopla riots. The blood-curdling atrocities committed by the Moplas in Malabar against the Hindus were indescribable. What was more horrifying was that Mr Gandhi had joined the rabidly communal Khilafat Movement, whose leaders were so misguided as to pass a resolution of congratulations to the Moplas on the brave fight they were conducting for the sake of their religion’.
   Dr Ambedkar further said that ‘any person could have said that this was too heavy a price for Hindu Muslim unity. But not Mr Gandhi, who was so much obsessed with the necessity of establishing Hindu Muslim unity that he was prepared to make light of the doings of the Moplas and the Khilafats, who were congratulating them’. The shock of the shocks was that Mahatma spoke of the Moplas ‘as the brave and God-fearing, who were fighting for what they consider as religion and in a manner which they consider as religious.’
    It will be insanity to ask Muslims to go out of India, but they can certainly be asked, convinced and if the need arises, be coerced to fall in line with the Constitution of India. They must raise their voice for the Uniform Civil Code and also for the introduction of the policy for the population control, which should be applicable to all, regardless of caste, creed and religion. They must try to amalgamate with the rest of the population because there cannot be any space for insulation and separate treatment for them.
    The Muslims, therefore, must welcome and congratulate Narendra Modi and Amit Shah for bringing about the Citizenship Amendment Act, which will facilitate the conferring of citizenship to persecuted minorities of the Islamic states of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Those, who want the infiltrators to be given all facilities in India at the cost of its citizens cannot be the friends of the country. And here comes the responsibility of the administration to identify such persons and give them the stern punishment for damaging the interests of the country.
    One can only laugh at the falsity and deception of the persons like Owaisi and Azam Khan, who say that their forefathers stayed back in India by choice because they had a love for this country. The fact is that Rajakars, who were the forefathers of the ilk of Owaisi, had fought pitched battle against the Indian Army and they wanted to be the part of Pakistan; and forefathers of persons like Azam Khan had fought for Pakistan because they were not sure of their future in India. This is an irony that Mohd. Azam Khan has constructed a University in Rampur in the name of a person, who was so rabidly communal that he did not even like to be buried in India because he was one of those who had conceived for Pakistan.
Therefore, the Government of India should not be apologetic about the National Register of Citizens so as to give full protection to its citizens by driving out the infiltrators from the country. As far as Hindus are concerned, they have never been united and this was the reason that they have been subjugated at will by any determined force, howsoever, the small their numbers might have been.  It will not be far from the truth that Hindus are the biggest enemies of Hindus because they are always prepared to give any absurd logic to appease the Muslims.

“Cow a Celestial Being” – Book Review

Parmanand Pandey, Advocate, Supreme Court (Secretary General IPC)

There are three inanimate and most revered ingredients of Hinduism and they are the Gai (Cow), the Ganga, and Gayatri. The importance of all three has been described in the Hindu scriptures. While the Gai and Ganga are worshipped in the mundane form, Gayatri mantra serves as the means of spiritual exaltation. Hinduism is a pantheistic religion but these three are kept at the highest pedestal.

Two advocates: K.M. Shukla and the Senior S. Balakrishnan, who mainly practice in the Supreme Court, have jointly written a remarkable book titled ‘Cow a Celestial Being’, which takes one’s breath away by their knowledge and research soaked with sincerity and devotion. In their well-informed book, the writers have championed the cause of ban on the cow slaughter in the most spirited manner. They demonstrated with their sound logic that Cow is not a mere animal but it is a ‘being’, which has virtually been brought on the surface of the earth from heaven to bestow worldly as well as a divine pleasure to all who seek and serve her.

They have profusely quoted the religious books like Vedas, Puranas and the Bhagwad Geeta, and also the well-documented theses, which prove cow’s enormous utility in the worldly life. The Hindu mind is accustomed to referring to the supreme divine as a Goddess and as the Universal Mother. Out of the infinite attributes by and through which the universal mother manifests herself, the Cow is one of them.  The Cow has been named in the Vedas as ‘Aghyna’, which means ‘inviolable’ and her other name is ‘Ahi’, which means ‘not to be killed’ and another one is ‘Aditi’, which means ‘never to be cut into pieces’. Thus, the most sacred book of Hindus i.e. Vedas unequivocally prohibits the killing of Cows.

   The advantages of having the Cow are innumerable and beyond description. The ‘Panchgavya’ i.e. the five materials made from the Cows by-products have the immense economic and medical use. It must be mentioned here that ‘Panchgavya’ is made from a mixture of five products from the Cow, which are milk, curd, ghee, urine and dung, which are scientifically proved to be immunity- booster and disease-healer. Many judgments of the Apex Court have also been discussed in the book which has upheld the legality of total ban on the slaughter of the cows. The Constitution of India, in deference to the feelings and sentiments of the overwhelming majority of Indians, has included in the directive principles for the prohibition of the cow slaughter. All native Indian religions like; Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism valiantly defend the ban on the cow slaughter, even Islam and Christianity too do not encourage it. The Bible is very clear, which says ‘He that killeth an ox is as if he slew a man’. Many Muslim rulers in India had banned the killings of the cows.

   While the opposition to the slaughter of cows has extensive and ancient roots in the Indian history, the earliest known such protests against Cow slaughter are traceable to Sikhs of Punjab, who opposed the cow slaughter in the 1860s. Thereafter, the founder of the Arya Samaj, Swami Dayanand Saraswati made it a massive movement in the late 19th century, which was carried forward by Mahatma Gandhi in the early 20th century, though not with the same zeal and vigour that was found in the movements of Sikhs and Arya Samaj. Although, the cow protection movement is mostly connected with India, yet it is applicable in Sri Lanka and Myanmar also. In India the cow slaughter ban is in place throughout the country except for Kerala, West Bengal and part of the North-East States; even in the Muslim majority state of Jammu and Kashmir nobody can kill a Cow.

   The writers have discussed the issue of cow protection by juxtaposing it with cow slaughter. They have used all the weapons of the armoury of their logic from different angles and have succeeded in bringing their points home that the article 51A (h) of Indian Constitution should be adhered to by every citizen of the country to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.  The word humanism has been supplied emphasis by them and therefore, the cow protection is perfectly in consonance with the constitutional spirit.

The writers have also laid more emphasis on a point that it is the majority community which has the greater responsibility for protecting the cows by providing theme care in their old age or when they stop yielding milk. Another startling fact, which has been given by them is that ‘Meat is a second-hand food which is responsible for global warming and hunger.’  The book is written in simple language and convincing style.  It is not only worth reading but for preserving it as well.

Pakistani Flags Waving on the College Campus of Communist Ruled Kerala

By: Parmanand Pandey, Advocate, Supreme Court (Secretary General IPC)

Waving of Pakistani flags on the campus of Silver College Perembra in Kozhikode District of Kerala on the last Thursday (as reported in the Dawn newspaper of Pakistan on 2nd September 2019) during the election campaigning of the students’ union is not only deplorable but highly disturbing. The students are reported to be the members of the Muslim Student Front (MSF), who cocked the snook to the authorities by fluttering the Pakistani flags. It demonstrates the audacity of anti-nationals, who have got no fear for the law of the land. This also bespeaks of their infidelity towards the country they live in and loyalty towards the enemy country.

This is like a déjà vu as it is a familiar scene in Kerala and some Muslim dominated parts of Bihar. During the campaigning of Rahul Gandhi, the Pakistani flags were flashed at many places in his Wayanad Parliamentary Constituency. Perhaps this was the reason that when Rahul Gandhi along with some other rootless opposition leaders tried to go to Kashmir to, allegedly, assess the situation in the valley after the revocation of Article 370, the Union Minister Prakash Javadekar termed his visit as the ‘Wayanad effect’. Wayanad has now come to be symbolised as the ‘anti-India and pro- Pakistan’ place.

The appeasement policy of the Congress and Communist Party (Marxist) towards the Muslim minorities has mainly been responsible for encouraging the anti-nationals to raise their heads. Successive governments in Kerala have failed to crush and defang such elements. Rahul Gandhi’s love for media freedom is totally phoney. The Kashmir valley is plagued with the so-called civil curfew imposed by the terrorists for the last more than thirty-five years and the media freedom used to be sent to gallows by them even at the drop of the hat. And then in those days, nobody from the Congress or other parties were seen anywhere in the valley to protest such curb on media by the terrorists, a la civil curfew.

This is for the first time that after three weeks of the communication lockdown of the valley, not even a single person has been killed by the security forces. Therefore, the security forces deserve all kudos from people of the country. The gheraos and beatings of the security personnel by the stone pelters and the anti-social elements on the streets of Srinagar remind us of a very pathetic sight, which was a routine thing before the de-fanging of Article 370. The hands of the Indian security forces were kept tight and all sorts of humiliations and indignities were being heaped on them, but they were ordered not to retaliate even in their self-defence. It was a miserable situation for the security forces, which were armed to the teeth but were ordered not to take the required action against the sympathizers of terrorists even if they were mobbed and assaulted by these criminals.

It was nothing but a joke with the security forces. It reached the peak and the crescendo at a time when the anti-nationals made an uproar over the tying of a stone pelter by an army Major Gogoi to the bonnet of his Jeep and thus saving the lives of many innocent persons.

Hopefully, Pinarayi Vijayan’s government will take stringent action against such persons – who are Pakistanis in heart and Indians only in name – and who masquerade as the students in different Universities and Colleges in Kerala.

“Open Defecation” in Rural India: Needs to be Re-discovered by World

By: Parmanand Pandey, Advocate, Supreme Court (Secretary General IPC)

By campaigning and providing the toilet facility to every household across the country, particularly in remote rural areas, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has won the admiration and laurels throughout the world. By all means, it was a Himalayan task, which he has got successfully achieved and got his name indelibly imprinted in history as a social reformer and remarkable achiever.  No doubt, by solving this gigantic problem he has shown that honest perseverance can work wonders. India is a country of nearly 135 crore people. There are nearly 40 crore families. Out of it, nearly 25 crore families did not have the toilet facilities until recently. The number of such families has been very high in the rural areas because there has not been any concept of having a toilet in the house.

Here is a factual anecdote. The late Dr S Gopal, the son of Dr S. Radhakrishnan, who was the former President of India has written in his biography that on becoming the President, he invited some 31 Brahmins from Tamil Nadu to perform a Pooja in the Rashtrapati Bhawan. Those Brahmins were put up in the Ashoka Hotel, which was considered to be the best hotel in Delhi in those days. The Brahmins were very happy to find clean and well done up rooms but when they saw, to their horror, that there was a toilet in every room, they immediately came out from their rooms in protest and sat in the lobby of the hotel. The officials and the manager of the hotel got panicked and they wanted to know whether they faced any problems in their rooms. If there were any problems they would be solved immediately but Brahmins told them that they did not have any problems as such with the rooms but they had problems with the attached toilets as it was unthinkable for them to have toilets in their rooms.

More or less, the same concept has also been prevailing in the rural areas of India for thousands of years. People there have been going for open defecation and there was no shame or hesitation involved in it. Women have also been going in herds in open fields and they have been chatting, interacting among themselves to know the problems, difficulties, joys and sorrows of one another. This way they have been keeping themselves updated by sharing their own feelings and needs of others and, if necessary, extending their hands of help in solving the problems of others.

Be that as it may, the other day a senior Advocate Shri Shreepal Singh made an enlightened observation in the Library 1 of the Supreme Court, which although we all know, yet never thought over it from that angle. He said that the toilet facility to every household is certainly a good initiative and achievement of the Prime Minister, but it should be used only in emergencies. He told that there is another angle also at looking at the practice of open defecation in rural India. He pointed out that there are many advantages of going for the open defecation. Of course, it would need a bit new insightful innovation and adaption suitable to 21st century. The first and foremost is, that solid waste (stool) and human urine is good organic manure, very necessary for the health and fertility of the soil. These days organic manures like composts and animal dungs have become very costly. Therefore, we should not allow this rich natural manure to go down the drains. The agricultural land in India is being pumped in of artificial fertilizers – like Urea, Sulphate, Nitrogen et al – consistantly for many decades and as the result of overexploitation of soil nutrients has become almost barran. To regain its former health, this land needs replenishment of organic manure. The human waste (stool) is the best – perhaps, the ultimate one – manure for this purpose.

The second advantage of re-discovering and adopting this practice of open defecation, at least in rural areas and at places where green areas with trees and plants are available, is most revealing. We all are aware that the human waste (stool) going down the drains needs to find an outlet, most often rivers or such other water bodies. Rivers are now a days polluted almost beyond redemption, because untreated sewage is released into these rivers. Now with the scientific knowledge and hygenic awareness, we are making efforts to put in place intercepting affuent treatment plants before the human generated waste is flown in the running rivers. Indian courts too are trying to enforce this requirement as a mendatory condition to allow release of sewage into rivers. All these technological solutions need an investment in machines, electricity and manpower. This human generated waste (sewage) management problem can be solved – at least to some extent (remember India has 1.3 billion human beings living here) – without an investment into that new technology of interceting affluent treatment plants.

The third is, that men and women, particularly women, get the opportunity to move out of their houses which is good for their health because, under the pretext of going to the fields, they walk to their fields and come to know about the state of the crops to be produced.

The fourth is, that it provides a good opportunity for men and women both but particularly to women to interact with other women and know whereabouts of others. This is not their virtual contact but face to face contact, which gives satisfaction and feelings of higher levels.

The last but the most important advantage is, a family of four or five persons will have to spend not less than 100 to 150 litres of water every day in the toilets in flushing and cleaning but if they go in the open fields they can easily save at least 100 litres of water. Water is one of the most valuable things in the present circumstances. The country is facing acute water scarcity and if the water is allowed to be so wasted, the scarcity will further grow, and it will be very difficult to meet with requirements.

Apart from it, there are many more expenses which are involved in maintaining the toilets in the houses. Therefore, open defecation should not be discouraged in the rural areas and the people must be asked to use the water judicially and as minimum as possible. This will help save water, increase the fertility of the soil and above all will afford the opportunity of exchanging pleasantries and difficulties of the fellow villagers.

It is difficult to disagree with the senior Advocate Shreepal Singh in the light of the advantages he has very succinctly enumerated and explained. Although in this age and time this practice may be considered to be the sign of backwardness. However, even at the risk of sailing against the wind, his views are worth consideration and application without compromising, in any way, the dignity and honour of the people, especially the women.

Uighur Muslims and Duplicity of Islamic Countries / NYT, WaPo

By: Parmanand Pandey, Advocate, Supreme Court (Secretary General IPC)

‘Democracy dies in darkness’ is the motto of the Washington Post. But it believes more in misinformation than disseminating objective information.  That is why it is considered to be one of the most notorious newspapers in the world. It is more of an opinion paper with lengthy reports than a newspaper. The main intent of this newspaper and the New York Times, which is still available in print has the logo of ‘All the News that is Fit to Print’, is to create an atmosphere of destabilisation across the world by inserting the cock and bull stories. NYT is nicknamed as the ‘Gray Lady’ like our Times of India, which is nicknamed as the ‘Old Lady of Boribunder’.

What is, however, very intriguing is that Washington, i.e. the US government, gives more importance and reliance to NYT and WaPo (this is how the Washington Post is generally known) than to its own sources and governmental paraphernalia. It is now no secret that the US government is doing what it can do to fight the world-wide menace of Muslim religious terrorism, notwithstanding the fact that the US newspapers like NYT and WoPo show their duplicity over this issue in the name of highlighting the human rights of Chinese Uigar Muslims. There are many kinds of duplicity in this world: one is of such newspapers towards the problem of Uighur Muslims and terrorism thriving there; another is of the attitude of Islamic countries towards these Uighur Muslims and their treatment by the Chinese government.

These newspapers take exception to the Chinese efforts to educate adult radical Uigar Muslims and to provide a safe upbringing of their young children solely aimed at curbing and curing this disease of religious terrorism – albeit in its peculiar Chinese fashion (of a dictatorial regime). The Uighar Muslims with a radical bent of mind are not killed by the Chinese government for their wayward criminal mentality but are only subjected to a secular program of re-education. There are only two ways to get rid this world of the religious terrorism menace: either to punish them by confining them in prison for life or re-educating them. China is following the better course of re-education.

On the issue of Uighur Muslims, the reports of these newspapers and the BBC have been dismissed with contempt by the Chinese government. Hardly a month back the WaPo created an atmosphere of hatred and calumny against India’s democratic setup by publishing many fake stories like asserting that minorities are not safe in India. The fact, on the other hand, is that nowhere in the world minorities are safer as they are in India. Even in highly liberal societies like those of the United States of America, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, Germany and France etc, minorities find themselves highly vulnerable. In these countries, there is only one civil law which has to be followed by all regardless of his or her belonging to any community. Contrast it with India and one finds that there are separate laws meant for minorities in the country which often create a big hurdle in the assimilation of minorities with the majority community.

 There is one country China which is impervious to the criticism of highly biased NYT, WaPo or grotesque reports of the BBC. These days these newspapers appear to take up the cudgel on behalf of the Uighur Muslims of China. They live in Xinjiang province, which is close to Turkmenistan. Lakhs of Muslim young boys and girls have been removed and separated from their families to be trained to the modern education of science, technology, dance and music so that they can earn their livelihood with self-respect and become an integral part of China. They have so far been denied of being educated in modern subjects of civilized life; they simply have been educated in the most obscurantist manner in radical Madarsas. Now the Chinese government is snatching Koran from their hands so that they are saved from a poisonous teaching of waging Jihadi violence, live a peaceful civilized life and learn about computer and other gadgets. What conceivable objections could these NYT and WaPo etc. have against these Chinese efforts to cure the ill of religious violence and terrorism? None. Do such so-called newspapers (in reality, opinion makers) have any better way or plan to cure this terrorist menace? None.

It may not be out of place to mention here that China does not allow the Uighur Muslims to offer Namaz for five times a day. These Muslims cannot construct the Mosques in the form and style and architecture of the Mosques of the other countries of the world. This highhandedness, of the Chinese Government against the Uighur Muslims may not be liked by the people of the world but it is certainly in the interests of the Uighur Muslims that they are trained in factories and other establishments, which can make them stand -up on their own feet.

Why no Muslim Country of the world including Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan has made even a murmur of protest, against the steps taken by the Chinese Government for assimilation of Uighur Muslims with the mainstream of China? This is the height of duplicity of Islamic countries. Imagine if it had happened in India, what would have been the consequences? The liberal lobby in India, which unabashedly behaves like ‘fifth columnists’ would have created hell of the problems for the Indian government. There are at least a few lady journalists of India, who write regularly for the Washington Post, but have also not spoken a word against the human rights violations in China. Again, even if a fragment of it had happened in India, there would have been candle marches in different places of the country. But shockingly, today their mouths are shut because they can shout only against India and not against China. Pakistan is heavily dependent on China for military weapons, trade and commerce and for the generous monetary aid and assistance.

 Pakistan has, although, been claiming to be the champion of the Islamic cause but when it comes to China, it puts its tails between its proverbial legs to run away from reality. The Talibani Afghans and Syrians of Muslim Brotherhood brand, who are the breeders of terrorism with the funds received from Saudi Arabia shiver in their pants while speaking anything against China. All Muslim countries are cool as a cucumber because Islam is not in danger for them if they are beaten mercilessly by China. On the other hand, more than seven to eight crore Bangladeshi Muslims and Rohingyas have crossed over to India and they have been settling down in places as far as Kerala and Kashmir with the active patronage of the administration. If anybody talks about the extradition of these illegal migrants to the countries of their citizenship he or she is immediately branded as insensitive and inhuman.

If Bhartiya Janata Party’s government headed by Narendra Modi does not take effective measures to push the illegal Bangladeshis and Rohingyas to their own countries, then it should have no objection in being called a timid and coward. This government has come to power on the assurance to the people that in the interest of the nation it will not bat even an eyelid in throwing the illegal foreigners from its own land. Here on this issue, the Indian government can take a cue from China, which has set an example in dealing with the problems of national interests.

     India can also learn from her (China) for the rapid industrialisation, population control and assimilation of the population with the mainstream. Our government should not be touchy and sensitive to the prejudiced, devious and obnoxious viewpoints of the newspapers like New York Times, Washington Post and the BBC, which vie with each other in creating public opinion across the world for fomenting instability in India.

The most shocking and surprising is that Washington Post and New York Times and the BBC do not make hullabaloo in favour of Dalai Lama and his government in exile, which Tibetans have been fighting against their oppression for more than sixty years. Lakhs of Tibetans are living in different parts of the world, most of them are in India. but they have been condemned to live as the most neglected human beings by the so-called savours of democracy. This is the height of the duplicity of the western countries.

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