All Humans are Equal. But They are Different

By: Shreepal Singh

All humans are same but their thoughts make them different. Thoughts do not remain thoughts, they translate into actions. The leading thinkers of the western world, since the Classical Times (days of Plato, Arestotal etc.) to Renaissance and even now in 21st century, have been fascinated with the idea of equality of all humans. The institution of democracy invented by the west is founded on the corner stone of this idea.

In the physical anatomy all humans are similar but it is not this anatomy that they are made-up of. The life goes below and above this anatomy, of which now our scienrce is well aware. The domain of physical anatomy of life goes to its very bottom, that is, the life of animals having only one cell, and founded on its DNA..

All life in its biological foundation shares some basic and similar working principles but still this life interacts with the outside world of its environment in different ways. In its action in the outside world, life is not similar. It is not equal, it is different.

Life rising above its anatomy too is not similar. In humans, there are thoughts, which are an extention of life. This extention of life above anatomy does not end at thoughts; there are dimensions of life which are much beyond thoughts and our science – psychology and para-psychology – is making stride into this new branch of knowledge.

Humans have thoughts and that makes them different from one another. It is not necessary that a thought would find a place in the head of one person only. A thought – an idea – may grip the minds of a large group of people.

Thoughts or ideas may be dangerous – sometimes most dangerous. If they are translated into action, they may destroy a large number of human beings; in this atomic age they may destroy even the entire humanity – and along with humanity all life on earth. Such is the power of thoughts.

The most disquietening thing today in this advanced scientific age is the fact that our world is mostly dominated – and is run – by thoughts and ideas. There are innocent ideas; there are dangerous ideas; there are complex ideas – and simple ideas, the ideas that are political, economic, religious, emotional in nàture. There are all sorts of ideas and they compete with each other to dominate and subdue the rival ones. It is voletile situation.

Suppose, a dangerous religious idea gripping a large number of people gets dominance – say, Islamic idea of killing all those who refuse to convert to its fold! And, suppose they come to hold atomic weapons to fulfil their – this – idea into action! It is not far fatched supposition; it is a reality already existing. Anyone with sane mind can visualize the catastrophe that it would bring to entire humanity.

How to get out of the realm of ideas – all ideas? How to become sane in our actions? Is there any way?

Yes, an ancient knowledge that India has preserved since ages has a solution.

There is a science of “controlling – and even stopping” thoughts, thoughts of all kinds. Wow!

It is known as “Yoga” and the very opening sentence of “Yoga Sutra” (of ancient sage Patanjli) describes this science dealing with “Chitta Vritti Nirodh” – that is, controlling or taming the propensity – habit – of our mind.

One cannot – and should not try to – control one’s thoughts, which look to us as our own thoughts but are not so in their origin. It is an intricate science, which has its own safety rules. The first thing in this science is to prepare yourself – physically and mentally – ready, willing and capable to control your thoughts. It is the most appropriate point at this stage to inform the reader that the purpose of “controlling thoughts” etc. is not to control them for the sake of control. The purpose is something else, and very sublime in nature, and it is out of context to dwel on the same here.

To prepare oneself, one has to commence with the change in one’s way of life and thinking. How? The first thing is to practice “Yam”. What is Yam? 1. Ahimsa – that is, commiting no violence against any life. 2. Satya – that is, always speaking truth. 3. Asteya, that is, not to covet, not to steal, not to take what does not belong to you. 4. Brahmcharya, that is, abstaining from sex. 5. Aparigrah, that is, not to hoard or keep with you more than what is ethically required. These are the rules of Yam. Then, there are next steps with their associated rules: Niyam; Aasan; Pranayam; Dharna; Dhyan; Samadhi. All these have elaborate rules, which need to be observed for your own safety. It is obvious that all these rules are not the matter of mental thinking but a matter of practicing them in life. They are the rules of conduct. If practiced in conduct, they bring a radical change in one’s thoughts. Still, observing these rules of conduct is just the first step towards “controlling” one’s thoughts (Chitta Vritti Nirodh) – there are yet many more and subtle measures, like Niyam, Aasan, Prztyahar, Dharna, Dhyan, Samadhi etc. All these measures when mastered by one, make him / her the master of one’s complete self, including quieting one’s all thoughts. In Samadhi you have no thoughts whatsoever but a peaceful consciousness of your existance. Humanity needs to know this science in this age of atomic bombs.

Let the humanity learn this science – for the sake of its own good and welfare in the face of dangerous ideas equipped with atomic weapons.

Tempering Truth is Blasphemy of Nature

By: Shreepal Singh

Out of all that we humans possess, there is nothing more precious to us than truth. Truth stands out against falsehood and wins. Truth wins against falsehood because we are constantly at the lookout for this truth, else truth is where it always has been.

We have the sense to judge what is truth and what is not truth. The story of transformation of animals into humans and progress of her civilization is the story of search of truth.

Truth is the most precious; it is sacred. Tampering the truth is blasphemy of Nature, which produced us and put at the pesdtal where we are today.

The problem is not with the truth, whatever it is; the truth of a thing is whatever it is, whether we know it or not. It may be said a thing is “as it is”. In fact, the real essence of a “thing” is the deepest mystery of Nature. Science is belaboring since the dawn of humanity to know this essence of a “thing” and we have come to know – so far – its “essence” is atoms, electrons, multitude of fundamental forces of Nature, manifestation of space and time ….. (an unending search). There is yet to know much about a “thing” – in fact, much more to know than we have known so far.

The problem arises when we make a claim of the truth of a thing. Such claims of truth become much more problematic when the claimant insists that what he claims to be true is the only “truth”. This disease is most rampant in those fields of human knowledge where the claimants of alleged truth not only claim that “their truth” is the only truth, that other rival claims of truth are false and that one who bear faith in those false truths is liable to be cursed (in eternal hellfire) and / or killed for such blasphemy; this branch of human knowledge is called “religion”.

Hindus and India: Symphony of Hindu India

By Shreepal Singh

India is quite a big country in terms of its geographical area but in terms of the persons living here it is one of the biggest countries of the world – every sixth person in this world is an Indian. In this country people belonging to almost all religions of the world – Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, Christians, Parsees, Jews and many tribal faiths of Andaman and Nicobar islands – live here.

It is an asset of India. It is an amazing resource of composite culture of unique diversity. India in terms of the number of cultures thriving here is the mini-world. It is its beauty.

Out of all these persons belonging to different religions, Hindus account the most. Their population is somewhere near 80% in this country. India is a Hindu country.

But what is this Hinduism? In fact, Hinduism is like a big banyan tree with one root having many branches going to the ground; this Hinduism includes all Indic-faiths – Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Shaivism and, even remotely connecting to Zoroastrianism in antiquity.

If we look around us in this world, the stark reality is that it is only in this Hindu India alone in the entire world that despite this great religious diversity all religions are thriving and their adherents are multiplying in India without any hindrance. The credit for this religious freedom goes to Hindus and their religion.

This reality becomes obvious when one compares this happy situation of all religions here with the sordid situation of other religions in those countries where majority belongs to other religions; particularly it is so in the case of Muslim countries. The truth cannot be hidden any longer that Hinduism is the most tolerant religion of the world.

In a world full of religious diversity it is in the best interest of this world that Hinduism not only should survive but also thrive. Hindu India is not a threat to any country of a different religion.

Hinduism is the well wisher of all, the entire humanity – and without any religious discrimination. This Hinduism has its guide in its Sanskrit sacred scriptural Sutras like “Vasudhiva kutumbkam…” and “Sarve pashyanti sukhine …”, which express its goodwill to all – not only humans but even other living beings.

This Hindu India has a message of peace and love for all. The rise of Hindu India is the rise of humanity. The rise of Hindu India is a good omen for this world.

The world should welcome this rising Hindu India – and should condemn all those who are ringing an alarm bell at this rise.

Hindu India is a boon for our world, which is afflicted with warring groups – mostly rooted in warring religious identities – armed to the teeth, and even some armed with the atomic weapons. How can this world help the Hindu India – the Hindu medicine for a major part of humanity’s fatricidal tendency – to rise? What are the obstacles in the way of this India?

The foremost obstacle is that Hindus – mostly intellectual Hindus – are themselves ignorant of the depth of its well meaning vision. These intellectuals – teachers, historians, politicians, bureaucrats, artists et al – do not understand this depth; and their negative views are echoed by the mainstream media. They lampoon Hinduism for its negative side, without realizing that everything degenerates with the passage of time and needs periodic cleansing. The first need is to educate Hindus of what Hinduism is.

Hinduism is all about humanism and a balanced way of life. It is not about cow and temple. It is about the profound human inquisitiveness and inquiry about the secrets of human life and this universe, where cow and temple – and many other assisting devices like them – serve a purpose. Let educated Indians – particularly educated Hindus – not trivilize Hinduism. Hinduism is profound answer to humans’ inquisitiveness and inquiry. It is presented to humanity in the form of a scientific vision called Yoga. It is about love and goodwill towards all living beings based on this vision and, much more, in the form of new openings for belief-diversified humanity to the mystic secrets of this universe.

An educated Hindu is the best citizen of the world and an asset for its prosperity and happiness. Education in this Hinduism is the perfect antidote to our mental restlessness reflected in our unreasonable conduct and our world afflicted with its dangerous state, and this Hinduism should be so taught here in India and elsewhere.

Democracy is an imperfect political tool – though still a better alternative – not because it is inherently deficient but because the people who work with this are ignorant – an uneducated lot. It is particularly so in India, where the large number of people because of historical reasons are not only ignorant but poor too.

It is the work of new generation to learn and learn fast. After all, how can a single political leader like Narendra Modi – a person with an understanding of this Hinduism – educate our ignorant Indian mass to successfully utilize this political tool called democracy, unless the young generation gets educated quickly?

We know in string musical instrument , like Sitar, we have many strings or wires. We know if one wire is struck to make a musical sound, then other wires – if they are rightly tightened or stretched – automatically make a synchronic musical sound without even touching them.

It is called resonance.

Resonance is used to amplifying the music to create symphony. In the democratic politics too resonance is needed to create a symphony of Hindu India. Modi has touched – struck – one wire and made a musical sound. Now it is for this Hindu India to resonate with that sound to create a symphony – a symphony of Hindu India.

Digging into Our Past – Today We Live in Golden Age!

By: Shreepal Singh

When we learn things and look around us into our present and into our past, images of different hues pass before our eyes about what we have seen over the last 9000 years and what we are seeing today in 21st centuries. It all re-enforces our belief that notwithstanding our difficulties and dangers we are living in a golden age. We are lucky in many ways. Archeologists have dug out an inhabitation of the people living 9000 years ago in a place, which is now called Bhirrana in Hisar district of Haryana State in India. At the lowest level, the most ancient one determined by carbon dating, the people lived there not in built houses like we live in today but in holes dug out in ground. Just imagine their lives in torrential rains and scorching sun, and wild animals and crawling predatores lurking around in day and night! They must have had to devote their entire energy – entire attention – just to be able to survive. We imagine their whole life must had been preoccupied with three concerns: collecting food; warding off attacks by the preying wild animals; and, procreating new life, children for next generations. How an aweful life – life not of somebody else but our very own ancestors!

One more imagery, before we come to the present – our life and concerns in 21st century. Around 3000 years ago – say, 1000 BC – Scythian tribes originated in Central Asian Steppes (or before that in Iran or, according to some opinion in Carparthia : where?) – and then for hundreds of years ravaged the Roman empire, spread through the power of their arms into modern day Russia, Eastern and Central Europe, established kingdom in Taxila (in modern Pakistan) and swayed the interiors of what is known today as India. Scythians were a moving hoards, assembled a vast number of their numerous tribes and fought riding on horse. They had invented a lethal weapon: arrow made of reed, fitted with a bronze trilobe head equipped on sides with barbed plates and socked in the poison of deadly snake: viper. It was a A. K. 47 rifle of that age. There was nobody who could stand to them, not even the Romans with their famed wrestler-swordsmen. The peaceful lives – whatever peaceful that life might have been – of peoples of Asia and Europe were shattered by them. Imagine yourself being there in that age and in that turmoil. Life has never been safe for us.

Peoples, Creed and Indian Sub-continent

Humans are feeble. Those of them who are wise – scientists and philosophers – know that there is much that they do not know. They know they are helpless in many ways – they are feeble. And those of them who know they know nothing – illetrate and ignorants – are also feeble and helpless. They all – all of them – feel vulnerable.

Humans seek help, hope and solace in some supreme power, almighty, God, Allah, Parmeshwar. They may all differ from one another in their mental image – conception – of that supreme power but they all have one thing in common: they have faith in that power of their personal mental conception.

Humans – almost all of them, with an exception of a very few persons – need God. If   humans seek help for the unknown in God, there is no harm. If persons have different mental conceptions of that God, there is no harm. If persons differ on the very existence of that God, there is no harm. If there is a difference of opinion about the very existance of that supreme power or its / His power, image, quality or kind among different groups of such people, there is no harm.

But if anyone out of all such disputing groups indulges in violence or kills those who do not agree with the mental conception of his God, or do not agree with what his God says, or do not act as his God bids to act, it harms all humans. That one person harms the humanity. If that one person – and the group to which he belongs – kills his fellow human beings only because he thinks he is obeying his God, that person has no right to live in the human society; he deserves to be isolated from the rest of humanity, simply to secure this humanity’s safety. His foolproof isolation from the rest of humanity, by whatever means possible, is the only way left to our race to guarantee its safety and security. We all – perhaps to the last person of our race – do not know much about the supreme power that may be there; or that may not be there; but we all – without a single exception – know everything about humans, humans who live here on earth. We know each other; we interact with each other. We need our collective peace and security, for securing of which no cost is too dear. It is an imperative necessity on our part in this atomic age to take our collective safety and security seriously and invent ways to guarantee it against such insane and reckless acts of some of the members of our race.

Humans today can no longer afford the luxury of fighting and killing the disagreeing humans in the name of God. Persons who serve their God by killing those who do not agree with their God; and a God that inspires persons to kill those who disagree with what that God says; are not welcome today by humanity. Humanity in this atomic age cannot afford to allow such persons the freedom to do what they want to do – to kill humans in the name of their God. Humanity cannot permit them by their such insane acts to destroy our race, the human race.

A religion that teaches its followers to kill those who disagree with what it preaches, has no right to exist today in this atomic age – to exist in any part of the world. No amount of logic justifies their stand for killing of those humans who disagree with them; no amount of logic justifies their violent acts in furtherance of that stand. It poses a threat to the very survival of humanity. It needs to be discredited and discarded by humanity. The sooner it is done is better. It is better for all of us without any exception, that is, including even those who adhere to such creed.

In the Indian sub-continent, there lives a huge number of humanity that follow such a dangerous religious creed. The ancestors of this large part of humanity – ancestors of these peoples – had to embrace this creed under unfortunate historical circumstances and had to embrace mostly against their will. These people even today bear with pride peculiar surnames and tribal identities (known as Gotra) with their personal names. These peculiar surnames and identities have their origin in remote antiquities and were once bore by their ancestors with their names and with pride. Such surnames and identities are still dear to these peoples, notwithstanding the creed that they adhere today.

One would find almost all citizens of Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh etc. still bearing such surnames and identities with their personal names testifying to their linkage with their Hindu ancestors of the bygone age. It is not a matter of shame for them; it is a matter of pride. Let us all respect their such link and pride. It is the continuity of history. It was well said long ago, “Blood is thicker than the thought”. The blood is their linkage with their ancestors and the thought is their creed. Blood and DNA of humans do not change over time but their thoughts and creeds may go on changing with the passage of time. It is the duty of Hindus of today to remind them, with all the brotherly love and sympathy that they deserve, of their Hindu ancestral roots and of those past unfortunate circumstances of their ancestors. This responsibility has become all the more urgent today in view of the current international isolation and disdain of their dangerous creed by the rest of peace loving humanity.

One can read the writing on the wall that, in view of the rapid advances being made today in the technology of weapons of mass destruction, the vast majority of peace loving humanity is going to impose very soon many humiliating restrictions on the adherents of that dangerous creed. These unfortunate humans need the sympathy and the kind attention. They may feel the necessity of searching their ancestral roots and embracing back the creed of their forefathers – and if they feel so, they should be welcome. It is for them to decide what is better for them. Hindus have no right to say that to them. It is the time that will make them decide what is batter for them. But Hindus have a duty on another count.

This duty is to open their doors to peoples whose ancestors were once Hindus and who were subjected to unfortunate circumstances. Hindus need to embrace them and welcome them back home of their ancestors. They have the responsibility to open their doors, welcome them and welcome them with all the love and mutual rights and obligations. Hindus need to embrace them without any reservations, that is, by giving and taking the children in marriages of these new entrants of ex-Hindus. It is the work of Hindus – and Hindus alone – to create among them the awareness of this necessity. It call for a Hindu social movement.  It is opening up of the Hinduism to the outside world; it is reforming Hinduism. It is the need of the hour. It is a step forward by an ancient India towards the modernity of 21st century world.

Science in India: From Great Past to Great Future

By: Shreepal Singh

Sending “Mangalyan” – Mars Orbitor – in the very first attempt from earth to the orbit of planet Mars is the testimony of the prowess of Indian science. And, now “Chandrayan 2” – the rocket carrying Orbitor, Lander, Rover towards Moon demonstrates the coming of age of space science in India.

It is science in the service of humanity and should be welcome to all. But human ego is very petty and brittle – it gets hurt easily. It was not long ago – perhaps two years back – when a US newspaper (if my memory does not fail me, New York Times) published a stinging cartoon. There was a closed-door meeting of the space-faring club of countries (one can identify them) and at that closed door India was knocking (as if trying to make an unwelcome entry) holding in one hand the lash of an ill-some bullock and in another a Mangalyan toy. In fact, it was a subtle satire against India’s uncalled for attempt; and the uncalled thing was slaming that closed door into the face of India by denying her the cryogenic technology.

All are welcome and all should be welcome to science; and all should be proud of their scientific achievements. India is proud of what it is attempting at (Mangalyan, Chandrayan, Aditya (Sun)yan etc.) and what it has achieved. But India should be equally proud of what it had achieved long back – very long back – in the past. Here is one post about what India had achieved long back, and it very interesting one. It is borrowed with thanks and for fair use from “Know You Bharat”. Here it is.

The first quantitative estimate of the speed of light is seen in the commentary on the Rig Veda by the Bhāratīya Vaidik Puṇḍit Śrī Sāyaṇācārya (14th century CE).

It says that sun light travels 2,202 “Yojanas” in the time span of a “Nimiśārdha” (half a “nimiśa”). The “Yojana” is an ancient unit of length. “Arthaśāstṛa” defines it as being equal to 8,000 “dhanus”, which is equivalent to 9.09 miles. A “nimiśa” is an ancient unit of time that is equal to 16/75 seconds. Thus 2,202 “yojanas” in half a “nimiśa” is equal to 189,547 miles per second after conversion. The modern estimate of the speed of light is 186,281.7 miles per second.

This velocity of Light was calculated by James Clerk Maxwell in the 19th century, but it was actually determined accurately thousands of years before in the foundation document of Hindū Dharma – the “Rig Veda”. It was further elaborated by Śrī Sāyaṇācārya in the 14th century CE in his commentaries on the ‘Rig Veda’. Bhāratīya Almanacs (Pañcāṅg) have always calculated accurately the motion of planets, sunset, sunrise, eclipses, etc. without using the modern devices like telescopes or any other machinery [although it cannot be ruled out that they used some unknown alternative devices].

It is to be noted that another Bhāratīya Vaidik Puṇḍit Śrī Bhaṭṭa Bhāskara (probably from the 10th century) made the same statement in his commentary on “Taittirīya Bṛāhmaṇa” [part of “Kṛṣṇa Yajurveda”]. Even he says this to be an old tradition.
The fourth verse of the Rigvedic hymn 1:50 (50th hymn in book 1 of Rigveda) is as follows:

तरणिर्विश्वदर्शतो जयोतिष्क्र्दसि सूर्य |
विश्वमा भासिरोचनम |

“taranirviśvadarśato jyotishkridasi sūrya | viśvamā bhāsirocanam ||”

This means “Swift and all beautiful art thou, O Surya (Sun), maker of the light, illuminating all the radiant realm.”

Explaining this verse in his Rig Veda commentary, Sāyaṇācārya, who was a minister in the court of “Bukka” of the great “Vijayanagar” Empire of Karnataka in South Bhārat (in early 14th century), says:

“tathā ca smaryate yojananam. sahasre dve dve sate dve ca yojana ekena nimiśārdhena kramaman.”

This means “It is remembered here that Sun (light) traverses 2,202 yojanas in half a nimisha.”

Note: Nimiśārdha = half of a nimiśa.

In ancient Bhāratīya measurements, “Yojana” is a unit of distance and “Nimiśa” is a unit of time.

Let’s first understand the unit of Vaidik Time: Nimiśa.

The “Mokṣa Dharma Parva” of “Śānti Parva” in “Mahābhārata” describes “Nimiśa” as follows:

15 Nimiśa = 1 Kāṣṭhā
30 Kāṣṭhā = 1 Kalā
30.3 Kalā = 1 Muhūrta
30 Muhurtas = 1 Divasa-Rātṛi (Day-Night)

We know Day-Night is 24 hours.
So we get 24 hours = 30 x 30.3 x 30 x 15 nimiśa; in other words 409050 nimiśa.
We know 1 hour = 60 x 60 = 3600 seconds
So 24 hours = 24 x 3600 seconds = 409,050 nimiśa.
409,050 nimiśa = 86,400 seconds
1 nimiśa = 0.2112 seconds (This is a recursive decimal. The wink of an eye is equal to 0.2112 seconds.). 1/2 nimiśa = 0.1056 seconds

Now Let’s understand the unit of Vedic Distance: Yojana
“Yojana” is defined in Chapter 6 of Book 1 of the ancient vaidik text “Viṣṇu Purāṇa” as follows:

10 Paramāṇu = 1 Parasūkṣma
10 Parasūkṣma = 1 Tṛasareṇu
10 Tṛasareṇu = 1 Mahírajas (particle of dust)
10 Mahīraja = 1 Bālāgṛa (hair’s point)
10 Bālāgṛa = 1 Likhṣa
10 Likhṣa = 1 Yuka
10 Yuka = 1 Yavodara (heart of barley)
10 Yavodara = 1 Yava (barley grain of middle size)
10 Yava = 1 Angula (finger-breadth) (1.89 cm or approx 3/4 inch)
6 Angula = 1 Pāda (the breadth of a foot)
2 Pādā = 1 Vitasti (span)
2 Vitasti = 1 Hasta (cubit)
4 Hasta = 1 Dhanu, a Danda, or pauruṣa (a man’s height) i.e., 6 feet
2,000 Dhanu = 1 Gavyuti (distance to which a cow’s call or lowing can be heard) = 12,000 feet.
4 Gavyutis = 1 Yojana = 9.09 miles
[In “The Ancient Geography of India”, Alexander Cunningham (the founder of ASI) says that a “Yojana” is traditionally held to be between 8 and 9 miles]

Calculation of the Speed of Light from the Rig Veda:

So now we can calculate what is the value of the speed of light in modern units based on the value given as 2202 yojanas in 1/2 nimisha
= 2,202 x 9.09 miles per 0.1056 seconds
= 20,016.18 miles per 0.1056 seconds
= 189,547 miles per second

As per the Rig Veda, the speed of light is 189,547 miles per second.
As per modern science the speed of light is 186,000 miles per second!

Isn’t this amazing?

Source: IndiaDivine at

Moon and Mars Scientists – India Needs to Provide “Top-most Security” to Them

By: Shreepal Singh

The world is fiercely competitive. Each one of the world’s established – and attempting to establish – powers is ambitious to outdo its rival(s) and jealous of its competitors to the core. The only telltale sign of the power of a country is its scientific assets – that is, its scientists and scientific facilities. Even out of these two, scientists – the human beings with scientific talent – are of the prime value, since they can put scientific facilities in place again and again if these facilities are somehow destroyed by their enemy; but if scientists are destroyed they cannot be replaced by any means. Such is the value of scientists today for those who wish to lord over the world. Science is the means of powerfuls to lord over the world. But it is not the only use of science. Science is also the means in the hands of the weak countries to defend themselves against the powerful ones’ evil designs.

Therefore, those who want to lord over the world find their first enemy in the person of scientist(s) of their rival countries. They do what they can do to destroy scientists; and, it is so with the scientists who are working in the fields of frontiers of fundamental sciences and cutting edge technologies – like nuclear physics, quantum mechanics, artificial intelligence, rocketry (space technology), genetic engineering etc.

India has achieved jealousy evoking success in sending its Mangalyan (Mars Orbitor Module) and launching its rover- carrying space ship to Moon. This success has many dimensions, in addition to economic advantages for India. And there are reasons for foreign powers to destroy this edge of India in science and for India to be cautious about the security of its scientific human assets.

India has suffered almost a body blow in this respect over the last 20 or so years; India has actually been devastated by the deaths – assassinations and murders – of its top notch scientists during the UPA rule from 2009 to 2014. The government then did nothing to protect their life – and after their death, nothing to investigate and to find the criminal hands – Indian / foreign – behind their un-natural deaths.

But now it cannot be allowed to go on like this. The Modi government should – and it is hoped, would – sit-up and take the issue of the personal security of our scientists as its TO MOST PRIORITY.

Here are two articles that show what had been happening in India – how our scientists were being killed – without any clue whatsoever. Have a look at these two articles, get the due information in this regard and let our Prime Minister put in place a foolproof security to our scientists:



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