India: Today

   But where does India stand today? It is using her ingenuity in imitating the west in acquiring science and technology and poised to soon become one of the so-called developed countries of the world. Concomitantly, she is being powered for this pursuit by the same (western) powerhouse, that is, she is imitating the Western model of material progress. Science and technology is the product of reason (mind) and it is a natural lever of mankind’s evolution. It must be pursued and pursued vigorously.

  But this model for advancement of science and technology (that is, based on private profits of individuals, aimed at quenching artificially inflated desires and subordinating the reason to the desires) is not the only model for such advancement.

  This is not the only, or even better, way to advance the cause of science. If we put our desires in the driver’s seat of the engine of scientific advancement, we get a capitalist model where every movement of society is dedicated to earn profits and concomitant byproduct of exploitation of vulnerable section of the society. In case we put mind in the driver’s seat of this engine, we get a social model that is somewhat akin to socialism. Some communist dictatorships did this scientific advancement in much better way than capitalist countries. They used the mind, that is, planning and not the desires (profit motivated) of individuals to achieve the goal of scientific advancement. But the chief defect of the Communist social order is the imposition of the dictatorship of an individual or, at best, of a few individuals over the entire society. The professed claim of the dictatorship of working class through its alleged vanguard (Communist party) is a crude camouflage. An individual or a group of individuals are always, save in exceptional cases where spiritually advanced persons are involved, ordinary human beings who are driven by their desires, which assume enormous proportions when they are coupled with dictatorial powers of state machine.

  From the evolutionary point of view, there are very few individuals in a society, like Lord Buddha, Lord Jesus Christ etc., who are evolution-wise advanced. (Guidance, or even dictatorship, of such spiritually advanced individuals would be the best social order as that would set living examples for its citizen of renunciation, un-attachment, love, non-violence, social accord, subordination of vices by virtues etc.). The dictatorship of individuals who are governed by their desires is a retrograde, and most dangerous, social order one can imagine. And, then there is the defect of the means through which the Communist regime is established. It is not the natural way of transition from capitalism to socialism (or its alleged second stage, Communism); under the logic of dialectical process of social evolution, Communists maintain, class conflict is inevitable; class war and violence are the necessary means for them to accomplish this transition. Violent social upheaval is the general rule and the peaceful transition is an exception, they maintain. If we set these two defects of Communism aside for the time being, which one of the two (that is, Capitalism and Communism) is higher from the evolutionary point of view?

  What is the difference between the two social orders? The capitalist order puts the desires in the driver’s seat and subordinates the mind and the Divine light to it. The communist social order puts the mind (reason) in the driver’s seat and subordinates the desires, which element puts it on the pedestal that is evolutionally higher than capitalism. But, then it subordinates the Divine light and its creativity to established social rigors. India could design a still better social order to achieve the goal of scientific advancement. It could be by putting the reason in the first step of social change and then in the second stage by putting the Divine light in the driver’s seat and subordinating the reason and the desires to it.

  By this social order India could harness the power of mind (reason) to unveil the secrets of Nature (that is, make research in fundamental science and exploit the same in the service of human beings) and then subordinate the reason to the light of Divine.

  India has embarked on the path of organizing society on the foundations of earning private profits and quenching of artificially inflated endless human desires. It is a path that is chosen by her. Where would this path lead India and, and of course, the mankind? What would the place of India be in the future in a world bleeding in wars and violence, an inevitable consequence of human passions?

  These wars and violence may be checked by human reason but for a while, and this for a while may be a period in decades or even centuries. But a world driven by passions of human desires dedicated to animal instincts is sure to come to wars sooner or later.

  Some speculate, and may be rightly, that man will go to Moon and Mars one day if Earth proves not enough for him. But the entire universe is too small for him to satisfy his desires, and that includes his ego. The cause of wars, violence and conflicts among humans is not the sufficiency or otherwise of ‘means’ to satisfy their desires. The cause lies somewhere else.

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