“The Hindu Way” of Shashi Tharoor – Book Review

By: Parmand Pandey, Advocate, Supreme Court (Secretary General IPC)

Writing about Hinduism – or the Hindu way – is not an easy thing for everybody. The Hindu way as reflected in its ancient and authentic texts like Geeta, Ramayana, Upanishads etc. has been well acknowledged by the western intellectual giants as being the highest flight of human mind touching the mystic relmns of this visible creation and what lies beyond that. Argueably, it may not be a thing of everyone’s competence who has a superficial and practical knowledge of this mundane world to write about Hinduism or its ways. Shashi Tharoor certainly falls in this category. One may justifiably say that by writing about the Hindu way, Shashi Tharoor would be writing more about himself and his little knowledge of the subject he is dealing with than about the Hindu way.

‘The Hindu Way’, the new book of Shashi Tharoor, is more or less like a tutology of his previous book, ‘Why I am a Hindu’. It does not shed any new or deeper light on Hinduism. Verily speaking the book disappoints even to a layman. In the first few chapters, one certainly gets the glimpse of almost all the philosophical branches of theistic Shad Darshan and also about atheistic sects like; Charvak, Buddhism and Jainism but in the concluding chapters, he has unfairly fulminated against Hindutva.

Hinduism is a civilisation, not a dogma. There is no such thing as blasphemy in this religion. It allows each believer to stretch his or her imagination to the personal notion of the creative godhead of divinity. It is all-encompassing, and it allows the violence and nonviolence, permits to be teetotaller and a drinker at the same time. It lays emphasis on abstinence (Brahmacharya) but does not lag behind in advocating for sex education as it is in Kamsutra. However, profligacy has not been approved anywhere except in hedonism of Charvak.

In a way, Hinduism looks to be full of so many paradoxes and contradictions that it can be said by an ordinary person of average mental calibre to be nothing but a tangled jungle full of religious chaos. But it does not look so to a wise person, who keeps abrest himself with the modern scientific knowledge. There is a famous example – propounded by none other than by Albert Einstein while explaining his theory of relativity to laymen – that the speed of a train moving on its track at 50 kiliometers per hour ‘is not the absolute speed’ of 50 kilometers per hour; that this speed would be different for the passanger who is travelling in this train, for a person who is flying in an airplane over this trian, for a person who is stationed on Moon and observing this train’s speed through telescope. Einstein said it is correct to say that this trian is moving at the speed of 50 kilometers per hour but it is not correct to say its speed is only – or absolutely – 50 kilometers per hour. Is it not amazing? And, it is scientific. Hindus books of wisdom had said long long ago this modern scientific knowledge in these words: “Satyam Ekam Vipra Bahudha Vadanti (the truth is one, but wise people say it differently)”. It looks from his book that this Hindu truth is beyond the comprehension of Shashi Tharoor.

The writer seems to be right in saying that the name Hinduism itself is an imported one (though there is one contrary opinion too of some Sanskrit scholers saying on the basis of ancient Sanskrit texts that “Hindu” is derived from “Sapt-Sindhu Desh – land of seven waters”) but there is no denying that it is the only religion in the world, which has no founder and provides scope for everybody to follow the religion in any manner whatsoever. It is better and cannot be compared with other main – Abrahmic – religions of the world like; Islam and Christianity, which have been founded on certain dates by certain persons possessing divinity. One would be supported by science in saying that if there is ONE DIVINITY – or one eternal truth or God – this truth or divinity of God by the law of Nature must be opened to search and revelation to all humans equally; it cannot be restricted to only one person or one prophet. This restriction is absurd on the face of it; because, what will you make of it when two prophets make their own exclusive claims of revelation but who contradict each other? Does Shash Tharoor have an idea of this untenable claims to exclusive revelation of God, when he writes about the Hindu way?

However, in Hinduism new ideas and thinking have been piling up from time immemorial. It is the development of Hinduism. Rather it is the purification of Hinduism, which had got polluted with the passage of time and needed restatement of the truth commensurate with new circumstances. This is the reason why Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism etc. all originated from Hinduism (with the same fundamental traits like the importance of personal conduct, belief in rebith, emphasis on self-help etc.) and have integrated and amalgamated with it. None of these Indic faiths lays claim to an exclusive revelation of divinity to itself – or its founder. All these Indic faiths show a path to divinity, which path is out of many paths.

There has hardly been any problem in the harmonious coexistence among them all. Hindu thinks that the other person may be adopting a different method of worship but he or she is also the part of Hinduism. This problem actually came only when the other religions, which have originated outside India and are not so eclectic, started asserting ‘either their way or no way’. But for a person like Tharoor all blames are in store for Hindutva.

In this book, he has taken the liberty to criticise and condemn the Hindus but has not spoken a word about those Christians, who have been engaged in proselytization by adopting all illegal and immoral gimmicks. Similarly, Islam has a history of forcing itself upon Hindus. The writer of the book himself has said that when the marauding army of Tipu Sultan was looting, plundering, raping and killing the Hindu men and women in Kerala, his great grandmother had concealed a good quantity of golden ornaments to an unknown location, which could not be found out later because nobody had any inkling of the place where the gold ornaments were buried.

There is no doubt that while the Christians spread their religion in India by cheating, fraud, deception, chicanery and inducement; the Islam was spread largely by the use of force and fear among the people. Both religions never believed in the coexistence and were always at warpath with other religions. However, Shashi Tharoor has given only those examples which denigrate and denounce Hindus. He has spoken about the demolition of Babri Mosque in Ayodhya but has not uttered a word about those who pulled the temple to erect the Mosque. He has conveniently forgotten the cold-blooded killing of 60 and odd Karsevaks in Godhara but goes on lecturing on the cow vigilantism. It is strange that he is ashamed of the awakening among Hindus but waxes eloquently in favour of such tolerance of Hindus, which bordered on to the timidity and cowardice.

In the last parts of the book, he has betrayed himself to be a pseudo-secular politician. Being the Member of Parliament from the Congress party for two times from Thiruvananthapuram of Kerala, he has not spoken a word about the killings of Hindus in his own state but has jumped and trained his guns against the speeches of Yogi Adityanath and Sadhvi Ritambhara. This is the height of the duplicity. This book is like a newspaper which bears the name of Hindu but, in its content, it is anti-Hindu. The author of the book wants to be given the complete freedom to criticise, lampoon and haul up the practitioners of Hinduism but has no guts to analyse the problems which have been bedevilling the country and why the Hindus have been pushed to the corner, which has left no choice for them but to retaliate in their own way.

Hinduism says that there are many ways to get salvation ‘ekam sad vipra bahudha vadanti’. This is the magnanimity of Hinduism, and it should be protected with full tenacity by all Hindus as it provides space for one and all. The soaring majesty of Hinduism or what Swami Dayanand Saraswati called the real Sanatan Dharma, is that it considers the whole world as its family (Vasudhaiv Kutumbkam). How true are the words of Dr Radhakrishnan, who had said that ‘God is in the world, though God is not the world, and the world is not God; He is more than the creator, He preserves, protects, destroys, remakes and strives continuously, alongside human beings’. The intention of the writer of the book appears more to mock and ridicule the Hinduism than to help readers in knowing about this fascinating religion.

Europian MPs Visit to Shrinagar and Fake Indian Intellectuals

By: Parmanand Pandey, Advocate, Supreme Court (Secretary General IPC)

Look at the audacity and the abominable duplicity of some journalists, intellectuals and politicians of our own country, who are opposing the visit of the MPs of the European Union to the Jammu and Kashmir. They are putting forward the most obnoxious, stupid and shameless logic saying that why the foreigners have been allowed by the government to go to the Valley when our own MPs were denied entry in Srinagar? Some of the Indian political leaders like Rahul Gandhi, D Raja ,Ghulam Nabi Azad, Sitaram Yechury and Majid Memon have been spewing venoms, day in and day out against the Indian government after the scrapping of the Articles 370 and 35A, and they were returned from the airport on 24th of August. The reason to deny them the right to visit J & K on that day is not difficult to fathom.

They were going to Srinagar only 20 days after the historic integration of J&K when there was blockade in the valley. It was undoubtedly a right decision on the part of the government to deny them the entry to the valley because their intention of going to Srinagar was known to entire India. They wanted to give grist to the propaganda mill of Pakistan. But here is a question, which they will have to answer and that is: can any Indian politician be so blind with hatred against Modi that he or she will have no hesitation in being treacherous to the country? When the views of these politicians, who are ready to play into the hands of Pakistan is known to everyone, how can they be allowed to go to J&K?

The visit of the EU MPs, therefore, to the J&K must be hailed by all Indians because what they say would have weight in the world and that would be a tight slap on the face of Pakistan and Pakistan-loving journalists and mercenary intellectuals of India. Government of India and our security forces deserve fulsome praise for most effectively handling the law and order situation in J&K in the wake of the abrogation of two articles, which were blots on the Indian constitution and instrument of the denial of fundamental rights to the citizens of India who happened to live J & K.

Shockingly, these politicians, sold-out journalists and foreign-funded greedy intellectuals have even failed to condemn the killings of five Bengali Muslim labourers in Kashmir today. Yes, they were Muslim labourers because they mistakenly thought that terrorists would not touch them as they belonged to their religion. This is the time all Muslims of India must show their solidarity with Modi by taking a vow that they will fight against the Pakistan sponsored terrorists.

The day is not far away when Pakistan itself will be eithet forced by the circumstances to completely transform itself from a religious terrorist state into a modern normal peace- loving state or wiped out from the map of the earth because of its own internal bickering. And the day this rogue state is either transformed or finished, the problem of terrorism in the entire world would be largely defeated. But before that our internal enemies must be exposed, named and shamed and punished.

मातृ-भूमि और मातृ-भाषा: ‘अप्रतिम-भारत’ की जीवन रेखा

लेखक: अज्ञात

इतिहास के प्रकांड पंडित डॉ. रघुबीर प्राय: फ्रांस जाया करते थे। वे सदा फ्रांस के राजवंश के एक परिवार के यहाँ ठहरा करते थे। उस परिवार में एक ग्यारह साल की सुंदर लड़की भी थी। वह भी डॉ. रघुबीर की खूब सेवा करती थी। अंकल-अंकल बोला करती थी।

एक बार डॉ. रघुबीर को भारत से एक लिफाफा प्राप्त हुआ। बच्ची को उत्सुकता हुई। देखें तो भारत की भाषा की लिपि कैसी है। उसने कहा अंकल लिफाफा खोलकर पत्र दिखाएँ। डॉ. रघुबीर ने टालना चाहा। पर बच्ची जिद पर अड़ गई। डॉ. रघुबीर को पत्र दिखाना पड़ा।

पत्र देखते ही बच्ची का मुँह लटक गया अरे यह तो अँगरेजी में लिखा हुआ है। क्या आपके देश की कोई भाषा नहीं है? डॉ. रघुबीर से कुछ कहते नहीं बना। बच्ची उदास होकर चली गई। माँ को सारी बात बताई। दोपहर में हमेशा की तरह सबने साथ साथ खाना तो खाया, पर पहले दिनों की तरह उत्साह चहक महक नहीं थी।

गृहस्वामिनी बोली डॉ. रघुबीर, आगे से आप किसी और जगह रहा करें। जिसकी कोई अपनी भाषा नहीं होती उसे हम, फ्रेंच लोग, बर्बर कहते हैं। ऐसे लोगों से कोई संबंध नहीं रखते।

गृहस्वामिनी ने उन्हें आगे बताया “मेरी माता लोरेन प्रदेश के ड्यूक की कन्या थी। प्रथम विश्व युद्ध के पूर्व वह फ्रेंच भाषी प्रदेश जर्मनी के अधीन था। जर्मन सम्राट ने वहाँ फ्रेंच के माध्यम से शिक्षण बंद करके जर्मन भाषा थोप दी थी।
फलत: प्रदेश का सारा कामकाज एकमात्र जर्मन भाषा में होता था, फ्रेंच के लिए वहाँ कोई स्थान न था। स्वभावत: विद्यालय में भी शिक्षा का माध्यम जर्मन भाषा ही थी। मेरी माँ उस समय ग्यारह वर्ष की थी और सर्वश्रेष्ठ कान्वेंट विद्यालय में पढ़ती थी।

एक बार जर्मन साम्राज्ञी कैथराइन लोरेन का दौरा करती हुई उस विद्यालय का निरीक्षण करने आ पहुँची। मेरी माता अपूर्व सुंदरी होने के साथ साथ अत्यंत कुशाग्र बुद्धि भी थीं। सब ‍बच्चियाँ नए कपड़ों में सजधज कर आई थीं। उन्हें पंक्तिबद्ध खड़ा किया गया था।

बच्चियों के व्यायाम, खेल आदि प्रदर्शन के बाद साम्राज्ञी ने पूछा कि क्या कोई बच्ची जर्मन राष्ट्रगान सुना सकती है?
मेरी माँ को छोड़ वह किसी को याद न था। मेरी माँ ने उसे ऐसे शुद्ध जर्मन उच्चारण के साथ इतने सुंदर ढंग से सुना पाते। साम्राज्ञी ने बच्ची से कुछ इनाम माँगने को कहा। बच्ची चुप रही।

बार बार आग्रह करने पर वह बोली ‘महारानी जी, क्या जो कुछ में माँगू वह आप देंगी?’ साम्राज्ञी ने उत्तेजित होकर कहा ‘बच्ची! मैं साम्राज्ञी हूँ। मेरा वचन कभी झूठा नहीं होता। तुम जो चाहो माँगो।

इस पर मेरी माता ने कहा ‘महारानी जी, यदि आप सचमुच वचन पर दृढ़ हैं तो मेरी केवल एक ही प्रार्थना है कि अब आगे से इस प्रदेश में सारा काम एकमात्र फ्रेंच में हो, जर्मन में नहीं।’

इस सर्वथा अप्रत्याशित माँग को सुनकर साम्राज्ञी पहले तो आश्चर्यकित रह गई, किंतु फिर क्रोध से लाल हो उठीं। वे बोलीं ‘लड़की’ नेपोलियन की सेनाओं ने भी जर्मनी पर कभी ऐसा कठोर प्रहार नहीं किया था, जैसा आज तूने शक्तिशाली जर्मनी साम्राज्य पर किया है।

साम्राज्ञी होने के कारण मेरा वचन झूठा नहीं हो सकता, पर तुम जैसी छोटी सी लड़की ने इतनी बड़ी महारानी को आज पराजय दी है, वह मैं कभी नहीं भूल सकती। जर्मनी ने जो अपने बाहुबल से जीता था, उसे तूने अपनी वाणी मात्र से लौटा लिया। मैं भलीभाँति जानती हूँ कि अब आगे लारेन प्रदेश अधिक दिनों तक जर्मनों के अधीन न रह सकेगा। यह कहकर महारानी अतीव उदास होकर वहाँ से चली गई।

गृहस्वामिनी ने कहा ‘डॉ. रघुबीर, इस घटना से आप समझ सकते हैं कि मैं किस माँ की बेटी हूँ। हम फ्रेंच लोग संसार में सबसे अधिक गौरव अपनी भाषा को देते हैं। क्योंकि हमारे लिए राष्ट्र प्रेम और भाषा प्रेम में कोई अंतर नहीं…।’
हमें अपनी भाषा मिल गई। तो आगे चलकर हमें जर्मनों से स्वतंत्रता भी प्राप्त हो गई। आप समझ रहे हैं ना !

“निज भाषा उन्नति अहै, सब उन्नति को मूल
बिन निज भाषा ज्ञान के,मिटे न हिय की शूल”

भारत मे सती-प्रथा का इतिहास

तेजस अशोक भारती

भारत में सती प्रथा कभी थी ही नहीं। रामायण / महाभारत जैसे ग्रन्थ कौशल्या, कैकेई, सुमित्रा, मंदोदरी, तारा, सत्यवती, अम्बिका, अम्बालिका, कुंती, उत्तरा, दुर्गावती, अहिल्याबाई, लक्ष्मीबाई, आदि जैसी विधवाओं की गाथाओं से भरे हुए हैं लेकिन किसी भी प्राचीन ग्रन्थ में  उनके द्वारा सति हो जाने का कोई उल्लेख नहीं है।

यह प्रथा भारत में इस्लामी आतंकवाद के बाद शुरू हुई थी। ये बात अलग है कि बाद में कुछ लालचियों ने अपने भाइयों की सम्पत्ति को हथियाने के लिए अपनी भाभियों की हत्या इसको प्रथा बनाकर की थी।

इस्लामी अत्याचारियों द्वारा पुरुषों को मारने के बाद उनकी स्त्रियों से दुराचार किया जाता था, इसीलिये स्वाभिमानी हिन्दू स्त्रियों ने अपने पति के हत्यारों के हाथो इज्जत गंवाने के बजाय अपनी जान देना बेहतर समझा था।

भारत में जो लोग इस्लाम का झंडा बुलंद किये घूमते हैं, वो ज्यादातर उन बेबस महिलाओं के ही वंशज हैं जिनके पति की हत्या कर महिला को जबरन हरम में डाल दिया गया था। इनको तो खुद अपने पूर्वजों पर हुए अत्याचार का प्रतिकार करना चाहिए था, लेकिन आज वही वंशज अपने पूर्वजो के हत्यारो की प्रशंसा करने मे लगे हैं। कई तो अपने पूर्वजो को पूर्वज ही नही मानते – चाहे वह माता की ओर से हो या कि पिता की ओर से हो। भारत के हिन्दूऔ पर  मुस्लिमो का आक्रमण और हिन्दूऔ की स्त्रियो को आपस मे बांट कर अपने हरम मे डालना कोई झूठी बात नही, बल्कि इतिहास का एक हिस्सा है। इस बात को झुठलाने से इतिहास बदल नही जाता।

सेकुलर बुद्धिजीवी “सतीप्रथा” को हिन्दू समाज की कुरीति बताते हैं जबकि यह प्राचीन प्रथा थी ही नहीं। रामायण में केवल मेघनाथ की पत्नी सुलोचना का और महाभारत में पांडू की दूसरी पत्नी माद्री के आत्मदाह का प्रसंग है। इन दोनो को भी किसी ने किसी प्रथा के तहत बाध्य नहीं किया था बल्कि पति के वियोंग में उन्होने आत्मदाह किया था। अगर इसे प्रथा भी माना जाए तो यह आर्य संस्कृति का हिस्सा नहीं थी।

चित्तौड़गढ़ के राजा राणा रतन सेन की रानी “महारानी पद्मावती” का जौहर विश्व में भारतीय नारी के स्वाभिमान की सबसे प्रसिद्ध घटना है। ऐय्यास और जालिम राजा अलाउद्दीन खिलजी ने रानी पद्मावती को पाने के लिए चित्तौड़ पर चढ़ाई कर दी थी। राजपूतों ने उसका बहादुरी से सामना किया। हार हो जाने पर रानी पद्मावती एवं सभी स्त्रीयों ने अत्याचारियों के हाथो इज्ज़त गंवाने के बजाय सामूहिक आत्मदाह कर लिया था। जौहर /सती को सर्वाधिक सम्मान इसी घटना के कारण दिया जाता है।

चित्तौड़गढ़ जोकि जौहर (सति) के लिए सर्वाधिक विख्यात है उसकी महारानी कर्णावती ने भी अपने पति राणा सांगा की मृत्यु के समय (1528) में जौहर नहीं किया था, बल्कि राज्य को संभाला था। महारानी कर्णावती ने 7 साल बाद 1535 में बहादुर शाह के हाथो चित्तौड़ की हार होने पर, उससे अपनी इज्ज़त बचाने की खातिर आत्मदाह किया था।

औरंगजेब से जाटों की लड़ाई के समय तो जाट स्त्रियों ने युद्ध में जाने से पहले खुद अपने पति से कहा था कि उनकी गर्दन काटकर जाएँ।

गोंडवाना की रानी दुर्गावती ने भी अपने पति की मृत्यु के बाद 15 बर्षों तक शासन किया था। दुर्गावती को अपने हरम में डालने की खातिर जालिम मुग़ल शासक अकबर ने गोंडवाना पर चढ़ाई कर दी थी। रानी दुर्गावती ने उसका बहादुरी से सामना किया और एक बार मुग़ल सेना को भागने पर मजबूर कर दिया था। दूसरी लड़ाई में जब दुर्गावती की हार हुई तो उसने भी अकबर के हाथ पकडे जाने के बजाय खुद अपने सीने में खंजर मारकर आत्महत्या कर ली थी।

जो स्त्रियाँ अपनी जान देने का साहस नहीं कर सकी उनको मुगलों के हरम में रहना पडा। मुग़ल राजाओं से विधिवत निकाह करने वाली औरतों के बच्चो को शहजादा और हरम की स्त्रियों से पैदा हुए बच्चो को हरामी कहा जाता था और उन सभी को इस्लाम को ही मानना पड़ता था। यह है भारत मे इस्लाम का इतिहास ! जिनके घर की औरते रोज ही इधर-उधर मुंह मारती फिरती हों, उन्हें कभी समझ नहीं आ सकता कि अपने पति के हत्यारों से अपनी इज्ज़त बचाने के लिए कोई स्वाभिमानी महिला आत्मदाह क्यों कर लेती थी।

जिन माता “सती” के नाम पर, पति की खातिर आत्मदाह करने वाली स्त्री को सती कहा जाता है उन माता सती ने भी अपने पति के जीते जी ही आत्मदाह किया था। सती शिव पत्नी “सती” द्वारा अपने पति का अपमान बर्दास्त नहीं करना और इसके लिए अपने पिता के यज्ञ को विध्वंस करने के लिए आत्मदाह करना, पति के प्रति “सती” के समर्पण की पराकाष्ठ माना गया था।

इसीलिये पतिव्रता स्त्री को सती कहा जाता है। जीवित स्त्रियाँ भी सती कहलाई जाती रही है। “सती” का मतलब होता है: अपने पति को पूर्ण समर्पित पतिव्रता स्त्री। सती अनुसूइया, सती सीता, सती सावित्री, इत्यादि दुनिया की सबसे “सुविख्यात सती” हैं और इनमें से किसी ने भी आत्मदाह नही किया था।

हमें गर्व है भारत की उन महान सती स्त्रियों पर जो हर तरह से असहाय हो जाने के बाद, अपने पति के हत्यारों से, अपनी इज्ज़त बचाने की खातिर अपनी जान दे दिया करती थीं।

1947 में भारत विभाजन के समय आज के पाकिस्तान में उस समय बड़े पैमाने पर हिन्दुओं पर भयंकर अत्याचार, हत्याएं, बलात्कार हुए, उस समय भी बहुत से क्षत्रिय परिवारों की महिलाओं और कन्याओं ने मुस्लिम आतंकियों के हाथ में पड़ने के स्थान पर अपने आपको कुओं में कूद कर मरना अधिक श्रेष्ठ माना।

मेरे दादाजी ने दो घटनाओं का वर्णन किया है। इसमें उन्होंने लिखा है कि जब पूरा कुआँ महिलाओं से भर गया तब बाकी बची महिलाएं अपने भाइयों और पति देवर आदि से विनती करती है कि उनकी गर्दन काट कर ही आप जिहादी भीड़ का सामना करें। इन दर्दनाक घटनाऔ का आंखो – देखा वर्णन लाहोर के एक प्रोफेसर ने अपनी 1950 मे छपी इस पुस्तक मे किया है (यह पुस्तक अंग्रेजी मे है):

पुस्तक के लिये यहां क्लिक करें:

Oaths and Promises “Meant” to be Broken: Lessons of History

What is the utility of repeating now the 70 years old accounts – eye witness accounts – that had happened when India was partitioned into Islamic Pakistan and Secular India? What is its use? It is desirable that in India there should be maintained communal harmony among its diverse people. It is better to let the bygone be bygone. It is better to let the old hatch remain buried. It is better that the old painful events are not repeated. It is always better that peace and goodwill among different communities are established, and once established are allowed to continue. It is better this way. There should not be any doubt about it.

But it is still better than the above desirable things that one should not be cheated; that one should know the truth and be watchful; that one should learn from the history and not repeat the mistakes that were once committed in the past; that one should be found well-prepared to meet the bad eventuality and not found off the guard if – and when – that bad eventuality comes once again face to face. It is still better. And, there should not any doubt about it that one should not be found wanting in this respect once again. To commit the mistake for the first time is quite normal – though the wise minimize its occurrence; but to commit mistake again is stupidity; and, to commit mistake again and again is to commit suicide. It applies equally to individuals and nations both.

It is but natural in this world that people and communities may quarrel and fight, and may make compromises and reconciliation to make peace. It is but natural that these warring communities and their leaders to establish peace and understanding among the antagonists may offer proposals, may make promises, may bound themselves under solemn oaths. It is natural and good thing to be sincere and man of conscience.

Oaths and promises are sacred things. But they are sacred things under a commonsense only. What would you do when for some people binding themselves with solemn oaths and promises becomes a well-calculated strategy meant to be broken at the opportune time and to extricate them out of the difficult situation? What would you do to tackle this strategy? What would you do to foil the plan of the antagonist to cheat and lull its rival?

This is where the utility of history lies. This is where it become desirable to narrate old painful events. It is where it is still better to be on the guard and not to be caught off the guard. It is where the mistakes of the past must not be allowed to happen.

recent example of this strategy of cheating by knowingly telling lies practiced by a nation through its leader is found in the case of General Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan. After the attack on United States’ World Trade Center by terrorists having link to Pakistan, the U. S. President Bush threatened Pakistan: “In our war against terrorism, either you are with us or you are against us!” The choice before Pakistan was very difficult: To be honest they should have been either with the U.S. with their heart in its war against terrorism or, alternatively, they should have openly sided with the terrorism with all the justifications that they might have had. But they chose neither of these honest alternatives. They resorted to the third way, the way of cheating! While addressing the Pakistani public, the classical statement of intentional lies and plain cheating was made by Pervez Musharraf that we should pretend to be with America, because a similar strategy was adopted even in ancient times in the war of Badr in Medina. This behaviour fairly represents the mindset of all those persons – whether they live in Pakistan or in India – who think that their religion is above any law – whether that law be the national law binding all its citizens or that law be the national constitution (of India) superceding their and others religion or that law be an international obligation to observe peaceful, orderly and humane behaviour. Such a mindset should have no place in India, where rule of law prevails over all religions.

The immediate utility of reading the history and learning from it lies in the current issue of Ram Janambhumi dispute pending for a decision in the Supreme Court of India. It is stated on solemn oath by both the rival parties – Hindus and Muslims both – that they will honor the judgment of the apex court of India and abide by it. It is solemn promise.

Will this promise be kept? Will this promise be broken? Will this oath be honored? Let us hope that the promise will be kept and the judgment will be honored.

But history teaches us that the State should be well prepared for an otherwise eventuality also. It is better to learn; it is better to be on the guard; it is better not to be caught off the guard. And, it is better to be overwhelmingly prepared, to be prepared beyond reasonable proportions, to deal with the bad eventuality – if and when it happens. An example should be made by the Indian State of why one should not dare to challenge the state – whosoever he might be.

What is Indian State? It is one institution – not many, as some people living in a faciful world of make-belive rights propagate. Indian State is one – an organic one – institution, and it has to survive as one against challenges posed to it or it has to fail and collapse as one. In reality, the distinction into police, military, judiciary, parliament or any other ones is an artificial one when a challange to its power is thrown against it. All these organs are not distict entities but organs making one cohesive body of the Indian State.

Before a judgment on the sensitive Ram Janambhumi issue is delivered by the apex court, all organs of the Indian State must connect with each other as one body and get prepared to deal with any eventuality as one body to guarantee the rule of law. The rule of law survives only when the survival of the State as an unchallanged sovereign force is guaranteed. In any case of the challange to State, the police – even the army – has to take action, judiciary has to decide cases and all other organs have to work in tendam. The only thing that is required at the moment is to sit together, think together and act together – in whatever way possible in a democracy founded on the principle of ‘checks and balances’. In an emerging grave eventuality like the present one no organ of the State should be caught unaware. This is the minimum requirement of prudence.

What is that element of force in modern times that protects the sovereignty of any State against a unified mob challange thrown against it? It is not the exclusive brute force of its police or army – not at all. It is the power of technology that protects it, that saves it. Never forget it; never disregard technology’s this power. Use the best available technology to identify, monitor and neutralize the criminal before he commits the crime; modernize the antiquated policing. Drastically overhaul the Indian policing – train its personnel not to wait till the crime is committed but to infiltrate the gangs of criminals when they are busy in preparing and strike them when they least expect it. The governing principle of Indian policing should be: Deploy the best available technology to prevent the crime; deploy the best available technology to neutralize the criminal; remain one step ahead of the enemy of the nation. This is the way of modern policing. Modern challenge of terrorism demands modern solutions, which brooks no delay or neglect.

Here is a piece of history. It reveals the working of the mind of criminal – whether that criminal is an individual or a mob of the multitude of those indviduals or a nation constituted of such people. It is taken from a book authored by Sardar Gurbachan Singh Talib titled ,”Muslim League attack on Sikhs and Hindus in the Punjab 1947”. He was a professor at Lahore in 1947 and he has chronicled in his book eye witness accounts of how promises were made and broken; how oaths were sworn by putting hands on the sacred book and were pleasurably broken, when human conscience demanded that they be kept and honored against the victims. However, there were a few honorable exceptions also to this general phenomenon. This book was first published in 1950. The links to Appendix 1 to 50 of this book chronicling the eye witness accounts are given below:

  1. Appendix I – X: Licensed guns and rifles, and knives kept for the self-protection were taken away by the escorting (Pak) police and military from Hindus and Sikhs on the solemn promise that they will be protected by the escorting force and their weapons will be returned later on. When the marauding mob of fanatics attacked them, this solemn promise was broken by the escorting party and by cheating those weapon-less people were massacred by the mob and. the escorting party.
  2. Appendix XI – XX:
  3. Appendix XXI – XXX:
  4. Appendix XXXI – XXXX
  5. Appendix XXXXI – XXXXX:
  6. Link to the complete book

Impact of History on Future: Cult of Non-violence

By: Shreepal Singh

India’s official history of her freedom struggle asserts that this country won her freedom from the foreign power – the British imperialists – by non-violent means. Songs were compiled and sung in melodious tones to highlight this “unique” achievement of India.

Non-violence looks like a saintly courage in the face of a brutal force and the word “violence” evokes a deep indignation in our mind and an abhorrence to our conscience. But the reality is that “violence” is the integral part of life of ordinary humanity, whether one likes it or not.

Violence cannot be wished away in this world. It has to be faced as a reality here. Violence belongs to the world and non violence belongs to saints, and this world is not full of saints. It has its full quota of crooked persons who are violent in their thoughts and deeds. One cannot help it.

We are real people and we live in the real world.

Indians must be objective in finding the truth and honest in accepting the truth, because a fanciful approach in this matter has serious consequences for a country. Such a fanciful approach in this matter has implications affecting the correct assessment of the past, facing the present and getting ready to meet the future properly.

Nothing can be more far from truth than the assertion that India got freedom by waging a non-violent struggle.

Flaunting the power of non-violence in getting India free is a slap on the face of those who fought pitched battles with the British power in India and lost their lives at their hands. It is an insult to the sacred memory of those great sons and daughters of Mother India – in thousands, if not more – who suffered torture, agony and misfortune in the service of their Motherland. It is an insult to the supreme sacrifices made by  Jatin Bagha, Master Da Surya Sen, Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad, Subhash Chandra Bose and countless others like them.

Non-violence is a great virtue but it has very serious limitations. It has these limitations not because non violence is unworthy but because the people against whom this non-violence is practiced are more often than not unworthy of this virtuous treatment.

Non violence is founded on moral superiority and – in turn – morality is founded on religious teachings. But the fact is that all religions are not alike in the matter of their foundational morality. Some religions preach and follow the moral standrads, which are immoral ones in the eyes of other religions. Even in some of them, the resort to violence is not only an established morality but a sacred duty to do it in certain circumstances. Most of humanity today follow these diverse religions and practice such diverse concepts of marality. One has to live in this world and face the material acts – including violent acts – based on the morality of one’s religion. Let us deal with the reality of this real world around us and find the just place for ‘non-violence’ – the cult of non-violence – in this world full of people believing in diverse concepts of morality.

Here is an excerpt from Sri Aurobindo – The Morality of Boycott, an unpublished writing of Sri Aurobindo, seized by the Police and made an exhibit in the Alipore Conspiracy Case (May, 1908):

“When tamas, inertia, torpor have benumbed a nation, the strongest forms of rajas are necessary to break the spell; there is no form of rajas so strong as hatred. Through rajas we rise to sattwa, and for the Indian temperament the transition does not take long. Already the element of hatred is giving place to the clear conception of love for the Mother as the spring of our political actions.”

“A certain class of mind shrinks from aggressiveness as if it were a sin. Their temperament forbids them to feel the delight of battle and they look on what they cannot understand as something monstrous and sinful.

” ‘Heal hate by love’, ‘drive out injustice by justice’, ‘slay sin by righteousness’ is their cry.

“Love is a sacred name, but it is easier to speak of love than to love. The love which drives out hate is a divine quality of which one man in a thousand is capable. A saint full of love for all mankind possesses it, a philanthropist consumed with a desire to heal the miseries of the race possesses it, but the mass of mankind does not and cannot rise to the height.

“Politics is concerned with masses of mankind and not with individuals.[10] To ask masses of mankind to act as saints, to rise to the height of divine love and practise it in relation to their adversaries or oppressors is to ignore human nature.

“It is to set a premimum on injustice and violence by paralysing the hand of the deliverer when raised to strike. The Gita is the best answer to those who shrink from battle as a sin, and aggression as a lowering of morality.” — The Morality of Boycott, an unpublished writing of Sri Aurobindo seized by the Police and made an exhibit in the Alipore Conspiracy Case 1908.

“Hinduism recognises human nature and makes no such impossible demand. It sets one ideal for the saint, another for the man of action, a third for the trader, a fourth for the serf.

“To prescribe the same ideal for all is to bring about varṇasaṅkara, the confusion of duties…. Politics is the ideal of the Kshatriya, and the morality of the Kshatriya ought to govern our political actions.

“To impose in politics the Brahmanical duty of saintly sufferance is to preach varṇasaṅkara. (ibid.)

“The sword of the warrior is as necessary to the fulfilment of justice and righteousness as the holiness of the saint. Ramdas is not complete without Shivaji.

“To maintain justice and prevent the strong from despoiling and the weak from being oppressed is the function for which the Kshatriya was created.[11] ‘Therefore’, says Sri Krishna in the Mahabharata, ‘God created battle and armour, the sword, the bow and the dagger.’” (ibid.)

Referring to the circumstances in which passive or nonviolent resistance fails, Sri Aurobindo says: “To shrink from bloodshed and violence under such circumstances is a weakness deserving as severe a rebuke as Sri Krishna addressed to Arjuna on the field of Kurukshetra.

“Liberty is the life-breath of a nation; and when the life is attacked, when it is sought to suppress all chance of breathing by violent pressure, any and every means of self-preservation becomes right and justifiable[12]

” … just as it is lawful for a man who is being strangled to rid himself of the pressure on his throat by any means in his power. It is the nature of the pressure which determines the nature of the resistance.[13]

Enlarging upon the necessary evil of war and aggression, ,[14] so long as man in the mass is what he is, Sri Aurobindo writes in his Essays on the Gita:

“War and destruction are not only a universal principle of our life here in its purely material aspects, but also of our mental and moral existence.

“It is self-evident that in the actual life of man intellectual, social, political, moral, we can make no real step forward without a struggle, a battle between what exists and lives and what seeks to exist and live, and between all that stands behind either.

“It is impossible, at least as men and things are, to advance, to grow, to fulfil and still to observe really and utterly that principle of harmlessness which is yet placed before us as the highest and best law of conduct. We will use only soul-force and never destroy by war or any even defensive employment of physical violence?

“Good, though until soul-force is effective, the Asuric force in man and nations tramples down, breaks, slaughters, burns, pollutes, as we see it doing today, but then at its ease and unhindered, and you have perhaps caused as much destruction of life by your abstinence as others by resort to violence; still you have set up an ideal which may some day and at any rate ought to lead up to better things.

“But even soul-force, when it is effective, destroys. Only those who have used it with eyes open, know how much more terrible and destructive it is than the sword and the cannon; and only those who do not limit their view to the act and its immediate results, can see how tremendous are its after-effects, how much is eventually destroyed and with that much all the life that depended on it and fed upon it.

“Evil cannot perish without the destruction of much that lives by the evil, and it is no less destruction even if we personally are saved the pain of a sensational act of violence.

“Moreover, every time we use soul-force we raise a great force of Karma against our adversary, the after-movements of which we have no power to control. Vasishtha uses soul-force against the military violence of Vishwamitra and armies of Huns and Shakas and Pallavas hurl themselves on the aggressor.

“The very quiescence and passivity of the spiritual man under violence and aggression awakens the tremendous forces of the world to a retributive action; and it may even be more merciful to stay in their path, though by force, those who represent evil than to allow them to trample on until they call down on themselves a worse destruction than we would ever think of inflicting.

“It is not enough that our own hands should remain clean and our souls unstained for the law of strife and destruction to die out of the world; that which is its root must first disappear out of humanity…. So far as the problem of the individual’s action goes, his abstention from strife and its inevitable concomitant destruction in their more gross and physical form may help his own moral being, but it leaves the Slayer of creatures unabolished.”[15]

“A day may come, must surely come, we will say, when humanity will be ready spiritually, morally, socially for the reign of universal peace; meanwhile the aspect of battle and the nature and function of man as a fighter have to be accepted and accounted for by any practical philosophy and religion.”[16]

स्क्वाड्रन लीडर रवि खन्ना, कातिल यासीन मलिक और कांग्रेस की करतूत

24 जनवरी 1990 की ठंडी बर्फीली रात थी।.श्रीनगर में कर्फ्यू लागू था। लेकिन मस्जिदों में चिरागा था, जश्न का माहौल था और रह रह कर मस्जिदों से अल्लाह ओ अकबर, नारा ए तकबीर जैसे नारे उछाले जा रहे थे।

मौलाना लोगों के ख़ुशी से भरे हुए भाषण रात के 2-3 बजे तक चलते रहे। चंद रोज़ पहले श्रीनगर और घाटी को कत्लोगारत कर कश्मीरी पंडित हिंदुओं से खाली करा लिया गया था।

रावलपुरा में वायुसेना के स्क्वाड्रन लीडर रवि खन्ना इस शोरशराबे में ठीक से सो नहीं सके। पत्नी श्रीमती निर्मल कुमारी भी जगती रहीं। ग्यारह साल पहले रवि खन्ना और निर्मल का प्रेम विवाह हुआ था। एक बेटा साढ़े आठ साल का और एक बेटी 6 साल की थी।

सुबह रवि खन्ना उठे।.बर्फ का तांडव जारी था। नींद भी पूरी नहीं हुई थी। निर्मल ने रवि खन्ना से छुट्टी लेने का निवेदन किया ! कर्फ्यू भी लागू था। रवि खन्ना ने कहा कि एक ही बस में एयरोड्रम तक जाने वाले 18 एयरफोर्स के अन्य ऑफिसर और एयरमैन इस बर्फबारी और कर्फ्यू में छुट्टी नहीं ले रहे हैं, तो वह कैसे छुट्टी ले सकते हैं ?

कर्फ्यू में दूध आने का सवाल नहीं था। काला कहवा और ब्रेड का नाश्ता कर रवि खन्ना घर से 200 मीटर की दूरी पर स्थित बस स्टैंड की तरफ चले, जहां अन्य एयरफोर्स वालों के साथ 2 सिविलियन भी मौजूद थे।

बस स्टैंड से बमुश्किल दस मिनट की दूरी पर फिरन पहने एक ही मोटरसाइकिल पर सवार तीन कश्मीरियों ने रवि खन्ना को रोका। उनकी कंधे पर लगी नेम प्लेट को गौर से देखा और पूछा: नटटीपूरा किधर है? स्क्वाड्रन लीडर खन्ना रुक कर बताने लगे।

मोटरसाइकिल पर बीच मे बैठे आतंकी ने रवि खन्ना के पेट से सटा कर गोली मार दी। रवि खन्ना ने AK-47 की नाल पकड़ ली। लेकिन तभी बाइक पर पीछे बैठे यासीन मालिक ने अपनी Ak -47 की 27 गोलियां रवि खन्ना की पीठ में उतार दीं।

रवि खन्ना गिर पड़े; कभी न उठने के लिए !

बस स्टैंड पर खड़े शेष वायु सैनिक जब तक कुछ समझ पाते, आतंकियो ने AK-47 का फायर शेष वायु सैनिकों पर झोंक दिया। 4 अन्य वायु सैनिकों के प्राण घटना स्थल पर ही निकल गए। 2 सिविलियन भी मारे गए।

यासीन मलिक और शेष आतंकियों ने एक हैंड ग्रेनेड भी वायुसैनिकों पर उछाला; जिनको गोली नहीं लगीं थी वे हैंड ग्रेनेड से गम्भीर रूप से घायल हो गए !

यासीन मलिक आराम से निकल गया !

ध्यान रखिये, रवि खन्ना और उनकी पत्नी निहायत सेकुलर विचार धारा की थीं। पति का लाश देखकर निर्मल कुमारी ने जो पहला वाक्य बोला था, वह था: “या मेरे परवरदिगार”

बादामी बाग बेस हॉस्पिटल में पति के शव के पास बैठकर भी वह आर्मी और वायुसैनिकों से यही कहती रहीं कि “किसी निर्दोष से बदला नहीं लिया जाय ”

सिर्फ FIR हुई। यासीन मलिक के ऊपर वायु सैनिकों और स्क्वाड्रन लीडर रवि खन्ना का मुकदमा अदालत तक भी नहीं पहुँचा ! यासीन मालिक घूम घूम कर सैनिकों और हिंदुओं की हत्याएं करता रहा और श्रीनगर के लाल चौक में ऊपरी तौर पर दिखाने के लिए अपने कपड़े का धंधा भी मौज से चलाता रहा।

घाटी में यासीन मलिक की इज़्ज़त चौगुनी बढ़ गई।.वह रॉबिनहुड और घाटी का हीरो बन गया। नेशनल कांफ्रेंस और हुर्रियत का वह लाडला था। JKLF का उस समय का चीफ यासीन मलिक ही था।

तत्कालीन सरकार ने यासीन मलिक को विदेश यात्राओं की अनुमति दी। आगे चलकर भारत के प्रधानमंत्री श्री मनमोहन सिंह ने यासीन मलिक को प्रधानमंत्री निवास पर लंच के लिए आमंत्रित किया। यासीन मलिक को गिफ्ट दिए गए। यासीन मालिक ने प्रधानमंत्री को भारतीय सेना के कश्मीरियों के ऊपर अत्याचार वाली डीवीडी भेंट कीं !

रजत शर्मा ने दो बार ‘आपकी अदालत’ कार्यक्रम में चीफगेस्ट बनाकर यासीन मलिक का महिमा मंडन किया।
यासीन मलिक ने एक पाकिस्तानी पत्रकार मशाल बुखारी से खुलेआम निकाह किया, पाकिस्तान गया और हाफिज सईद के साथ भारत विरोधी रैली में भाग लिया। तत्कालीन कानून के तहत मशाल बुखारी कश्मीरी नागरिक भी बन गई। दिल्ली में रहने वाले उपेंद्र कौल सरीखे लोग यासीन और मशाल मालिक को डिनर पर बुलाते थे ! अल जज़ीरा के एक इंटरव्यू में यासीन मलिक ने एयरफोर्स कर्मियों और स्क्वाड्रन लीडर रवि खन्ना की दुर्दांत हत्या को बड़े फक्र के साथ कुबूल किया। दिल्ली के नेता आंखे मूंदे रहे।

उम्मीद तब जागी जब धारा 370  निष्प्रभावी होने के बाद टाडा अदालत में वायु सैनिकों की हत्या का केस खोला गया। सुनवाई के लिए यासीन मलिक, जो तिहाड़ जेल में मनी लांड्रिंग के केस बन्द है, को श्रीनगर बुलाया गया।

यासीन की किस्मत देखिए ! श्रीनगर की वर्तमान हालात  को देखते हुए दिल्ली पुलिस यासीन मलिक को श्रीनगर ले जाने की हिम्मत नही जुटा पाई।

आज स्क्वाड्रन लीडर की विधवा निर्मल खन्ना 65 वर्ष की हो चुकी हैं। जम्मू में रहती हैं। पिछले 28 सालो तक वह बहुत दौड़ीं, मगर कुछ नहीं हुआ।

उन्हे मोदी सरकार से बड़ी आशा है कि वह यासीन मालिक को सही जगह तक पहुचाने के लिए कुछ अवश्य करेंगे।
अगर ईश्वर ने न्याय किया और टाडा कोर्ट में सुनवाई ठीक ठाक चली तो शायद यासीन मलिक ताज़िन्दगी जेल में ही रहेगा, हालांकि उस की सही सजा मृत्यू दन्ड ही होनी चाहिये क्योकि उसने cold-blooded murder किया  है।

यासीन मलिक पूर्व प्रधानमंत्री मनमोहन सिंह को DVD सौंपता हुआ। कांग्रेसी PM की खुश होती मुख-मुद्रा बहुत कुछ बयान कर रही है।

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